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The northern galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, December 11, 1844, Image 1

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Er wnoa all oRDxzts for rRixTi.ia
ahe ubcriber 82,00
Mail subcriber. . 2,00
taditidaala and CompnnIe who take at tbe office
Sl'75or 1'50 ccnts ifpaid insix monlbi.
rhoe wbo tak of Poitriders . . .82i00
If noi paid at tlieend ofthe year 2, 25
fio papen discontinued until arrearages are paid
. ..t . i-.l navmKf
xcepiaune opuonoime pronneiur. r-j -
to Crrierallowcdexceptordered bjthcpropne.
r. -
All'coramariicatioiitmiietbe addrewed totheed-
tar Post Paid.
The Battle Song.
TUNE, "Scols ichat hae.'
Soldiers of tho Temneran&e band,
Be united heart and hand,
Forward, then, at his commapd,
To certain victory.
Seize your armor. gird it on:
Now thK battle is begun;
Lo thc prize nill soon be wod,
Then struggle manfully.
Now the foe, Intemperance. fight,
Put the monster Rum to flighr,
Sink the drsm-shop out of sight,
That sink of misery.
Ser the tears of her whose beart
Is liroken by the tyrant's dart,
Aud suflering now beneath the smart
Of Rum's sad revelry.
Friends of tcmperance, all arise,
Let the bearcns, the earth, aud skies,
Witness lh' cxalted rise
Of the temperance cause.
Faithful to your banner proTe,
Strive tbe inebriate's heart to raove,
All your cfforts make in love,
To win bira from his bowl.
Onward, then, ye fearless host,
In this cause make all your boast,
Your motto love Jebovab trust
For help and victory.
Soon the laurels ye shall win,
Crowns of glory saved fromsin,
Th' inebriate iu that diadera
Shall sparkle brilliantly.
A story is related, on the authority of a
passenger saved in the llobert b nlton.wreck'
cd in the late storm on Lake Erie. An infi
del was on board, voiciferous in vending his
books but when thegolecame on, and the
forward part broke, and the waves rushed in
to the cabin, his voice was heard above all
others, on his knees crying for mercy aud
fori?ene?s, till a heavy sea swcpt over thc
deck, and carried him and bis books to thc
The New York Sun says "We wcre
much amused a few days ago, by an auec
dote related to us by a gentleman from Prov-
tdence, of Cyrus Butlcr, one ofthe wealthiest
citizens ofKhode Island, nhohaslatclyniadc
anmnificent dunation of fortythousand dol
lars towards thc establishment ofnn insane
asylum. It appears that a lcw weeks ago
oine Millerites called unon Mr. B. to
raonihim of the .ipproachiug cnd of the
world on the 23d ofOctobcr, aud ofthe im-
prrtance of his making a good usc ofliis
wearth bcfore it should all be consumed in
the general conQagration. Afterlisteningpa
tiently, Mr. B. replied 'well. geutlemcn, I
ara much obliged to you for your good inten
tions, and tbceffect ofyour argtinvcnts has
bcen to convince me that I have tnade the
bestpossiblo use ofit, at least a portiou of
my property, in founding an asylvm lor thc
insane aud you are pcrfectly welcome to it.
Good morning. gentlemen."
Idle Visits. The idle Icvy, a very heavy
tax upon the industrious, when by frivulous
visitations tbey roa tliem ot tneir time.
Sgch persons beg their daily happincss from
doortodooras beggars oflhcir daily bread,
nnd liie them, sometimes icet with a rehuff.
A mere gossip ought not to wonder ifwc
erince signs that we arc tircd of him, seeing
that vre are indebted for the honor ofhij visit
Elely to thc ciroumslance of his being tired
of hisnself. Ile sits at home until he has
accuniulated an insupportable load of eiiinii,
and then sallics forth to distribute it amongst
his neighbors. Collon.
A MinislcT's Rtproof A certain Minieter,
not long sincc, paid a visit to a female ac
quaintance who wasncwly married, nnd who
was at tired in one of our iudcccnt fashions
a la Essler. After the usual complimenls,
be familliarly said :
"Ihope you harea good husband, mad
nm." "Yessir," replied she, "And a good man
too, I think.
"I don't know what to say about his good
ness," added the minister, "for my Bible
teaches me that a good man should clothe his
wife, but ht lels you go halfnukcd."
O53.0)0 foreigners, aceording to the rec
ords of the Court, were manufactured into
TotersinNew YorkCity, alone, duringtbe
four weeks preceding the late clcction. Theie
were 12,009 there before which made 15,
000 in one City, tovote down American in
terests. "Amencansshan't rule us,"
These boots were nevermade for me,
They are to sbort by balf
I want them long enongh, d'yo ee,
To cover allVhc calf.
"Wait, sir,'' said Last, w-th stiffled laugh,
"To alter them 111 try ;
But if they coverall the calf,
Tney must be fire feethigh!"
Good Oncs. At a late Agricultural Fes
tival, the following eentiments were given at
the board :
The Farmer's Wife she makes the best
Stock ing.
The Farmer'a motto "A good dairy maid
or no butter made."
Baked pudding tbe only thing to make a
Farmer mealy-mouthed.
The Farmer's Wife the best man upon
the Farm.
American Silk. We have just seen a su
perb silver Medal awarded by the American
Instttute to John S. Pierce, of Burlington,
Vu, for the best specimen of Cocoons sub
mitted atitslate Fair. This award is more
gratifying from thefact thatthere were sorae
twelve or fifteen competitors.and Mr. Pierce,
we be.ieve, htes the farthest North of any of
"eirnsttnis seules the pomtthat
our chmate presenu no obstacle to the most
axtensive prosecution ofthe Silk Cnlture
amongst us. Jlr. Pieree eect9 ,0 mat9
WBO Herth next jw.-X Fribmt.
HIS ARMY, DEC. 4, 1753.
Can tyrants butby tyrantsconqueredbe,
And frcedom find no champion and no child,
Such as Colombia saw arise, when she
Sprang forth a Pallas, arm'd and undefiled ?
Ormust such minds benourishe'd in the wild,
Deepinthe uptumed forest 'midst the roar,
Of cataracLs, where nursinjr nature smiled
On infant "Washington 1 Has earth no more
Such seed within herbreast, orEurope no such
snore f utron.
The Revoluffon was over. The cight
years conflict had ceased, and warriors were
now to separate forever, turning their wca-
pons into plough shares, and their camps in
to workshops. The spectaclc, though asub-
lime and glorious one, was yet attended with
sorrowful feelings for, alas! in the remains
of thatgallant a.rmy ofpatriot soldiers, now
about to disband without pay, without sup-
port, stalkcd poverty, want and disease the
countryhad not the means to be grateful.
The details ofthe condition of raany of the
officcrs and soldiers at that period, aceording
to history and the oral tradition, were mel-
ancholy in the extreme. Possessing no,
means of patrimonial inheritance to fall back
upoa thrown out of even the perilous Eup-
porl ofthe soldier at the commcnccmentof
wintcr, and hardly fit for any other duty than
thatof the camp their Eituation ean be as
well imagincd as describcd.
A singlc instance, as a sample of the eitu
ation oftnany ofthe ufucers, as related ofthe
conduct ofBaron Stcubcn,may notbe amiss.
When thc main body ofthe army was dis
bandedat Newburg, and the veteran soldiers
were biddinga partingfarcwcll to each oth.
cr, Licutcnant Coloncl Cochran, an aged
soldier ofthe New Hampshire line, rcmarkcd
with tears in his cyes,aahe shonk hands with
the Baron
'Formy6elf, Icould stand it; but my wife
and daughtcrs are in tlie garret of that
wretchcd tavcrn, and I have no means of rc
moving them.'
'Come, come,' said Baron, 'don't give way
thus, I will pay my respccts to Mrs. Coch
ran and liB- dnuiiters."
When the good old soldier leflthem, their
countcnances were warm with gratitude ;
for hc left them all he had.
In one of the Rhodc Island regimcnts were
several companies of black troops, who had
served throughout tlie whole war, and their
aJ-lifbravervand discioline was unsuroasBed.
jWeBaron obscrved oneof those wounded
negroes on thc wharf, at Newburg, appar
antly in greatdistress.
'What's the matlcr, brother soldier?'
'Why, Master Baron, I want a dollar to
get home with, now the Congrees has no
further use for me.'
The Baron was absent a few moments,
and returned with a.silvcr dollar which he
had borrowcd.
'There it is, all I could get take it.'
The ncgro received it with joy, hailcd a
sloop which was passing down the rivcr to
Now York, and as he rcached the deck, took
offhishatand said
'God hless Master Baron.'
These are only single illustrations ofthe
condition ofthe army at the close ofthe war.
Indeed, Washington had thisinview,at the
close ofhis farcwcll address to the army at
Rock Hill, Nov. 17S3 :
And being nowto conclude these, his last
publie orders, to take his ultimate leave in a
short time ofthe military character, and to
bid a final adieu to the armies hc has eo
long had the honor to command, he can only
again oITer, in their behalf, his commcnda-
tions to their country, and his praycr to the
God of armies.
'May ample justice be donc them here
and may the choicest of heaven's favors, both
here and hereafler, attend those who, under
divinc auspiccs, have secured innumerablc;
blessings for otbcrs.
'With these wishes, and this benediction
the commandcr-in-chief is about to retire
from service. The curt ain ofseparation wil'
soon bedrawn, and the military scencc to him
will be closed forever !'
The closingof this 'military sceneIam
about to relate.
New York had been occupied by Wash
ington on the 25th ofNovcmber. A few days
after, be notified the president of Congress,
which body was then in session, al Annapo
lis,in Maryland, that as war was now
closed, he should consider it his duty to pro.
ceed thence, andsurrenderto that body the
commission which he had receivedfrom them
more than seven years before.
. The morning ofthe 4th of December, 1783,
was a sad and heavy one tothe remnant of
the American army in thc city of New York.
The noon of that day was to witness thc
farewell of Washington he was to bid a
dieu to his military corarades forever, The
officers who had been with him in thesolcmn
council, the privates who had fought and
chargedinthe "heavy fight" under his or
ders, were tohear his commands no Ionger
themanlyiorm and dignified countenance
ofthe "great captain," was henceforth to
live only in their memories.
As the hour of noon approached, the
whole garrison, at the request of Washing
ton himself, waspul in molion and marched
i1.-rnBroad strcet to Fraccw tavern, his
hpnd-onarters. He wwheci totake leave oti
..... . i
the private soldiers. alike with the officers, I
and bid them all adieu. His lavonte iignt
infgntry wcro drnwn upin line faeing in-
waras, tnrouga rearl street, to thc foot of
v nue au, wnere a barge was m readmess
10 convey nim to rowlcs'a Hook.
Within the dining room of the tavem
were assembled tbe general and field of-
ncers to tae their tarewell.
Asserabled there were Knox, Greene,
Steuben. Gates. Clintnn. nnd nthor ivbo
i.au serveu wnn nim laitniully and truly
in the "tented field." but alas ! wbere
were omers wno naa entered the war
i , , . .
J jtli
him seven years before. There
bones crumblcd in the soil Trom C'anada
to Georgia. Montgomery had yielded up
his life at Quebec. Wooster at Dan
bury, Woodbull was barbarously murder
dered whtlst a prisoner at ihe battle of
Long Island. Mercer fell mortally woun
ded at Princeton, the brave chivalric
Laurens, after displaying tho iiiost heroic
courage in the treaches at Yorktown,died
in a trifling skirmtsh in S. Carolina, the I facturingestablishmentsof Massachusctts, fc
brave but ecentric Lee was no longer liv- i many of those we first saw as sprightly, inno
ing, and Putnam, helpless as a child, was ! cent d beau'if' girlsdilligently at work.are
, , . . r, - . . now the honored wives we have represented.
stretcnen upon tne beu ol sickness. In , Some of them bv their
deed, the battle-field and time had thinned
the ranks which had enteted with him m
the conflict.
Washington entered the room the
hour of seperation had come. As he
raised his eye, and glanced on the faces
of those assembled, a tear coursed down
his cheek, and his voice was tremulous
as hesaluted them. Nor was hc alone
"Albeitunused to the melting mood."
stood around him, whose uplifted hands
to cover their btows, told that the tear,
which they in vain attempted to conceal,
bespokc the angutsh they could not
After a moment's contersation, Wash
ington called for a glass of wine. It was
brought him turning to his oflicets, he
thus addressed them ; "With heart full
of love and gratitude, I now take my final
leave of you. I most devoutly wish your
lalter days may be as piosperous and
happy as your former ones have been glo
rious and honorable. He then raised
the glass to his lips, drank, and added :
"I cannot come to each of you to take
my leave, but shall be oblised to you if
each of you will lake me by the liand."
Gen. Ivnox, who stood nearest, burst
into tears, and adranced mcapable of
uttercnce. Washington grasped him by
the hand, and embraced him. The offi
cers came up successively and took an af-
fpctionate leave. No words were spoken
but all was the 'silcnt eloquence of tears.'
What were mere woids at such a scene?
Nothing. It was the feeling ofthe heart
thrilling, though unspoken.
When the last ol the officcrs had em
braced him. Washington left the room
followed by his comrades, and passed
thtough the lines of light infantry. His
step was slow and measured his head
uncovered, and the tears flowmg tmck &
fast as he looked from side to side
at ihe veterans to whom he now bade a
dieu forever. Shortlv an event occurred
more touching thrn all the rest. A gi
gantic soldier, who had stood by his side
at Trenton, stepped forth from the ranks
and cxtended his band :
"Farewell, my bcloved General, fare
well "
Washington grasped his hand in con
vulsive emotion, in both his. All disci
pline was now at an end, the officers
could not restrain the men, as they rush
ed foward to take Washington by the
hand, and the sobs aud tears of the sol
diers told howdeeply engraven upon their
affections was the love of their comman
der. At length, Washington reached the
barge at Whitehall, and entered it. At
the first stroke ofthe oar, he rose, and
turning to the companions ofhis glory, by
waveinghis hat.bade them a silent adieu.
their answer wis only in tears. officers &,
men, with glistening eyes, watched the
receding boat till the form of their noble
J commander was lost ki the distance.
Contrast the forewell of Washington
to his army af White Hall. in 1 7 8 4!
and the adieu of Napolean to his army
at Fontainbleau, in 1814 ! The one
had accomplished every wish of his
heart; his noble exertions had achieved
the independence ofhis county, and he
longed to retire to the bosom of his
home his atnbition was satisfied. He
fought for no crown or sceptre, but for
equality and the mutual happiness of his
fellow beings. No taint of tyranny, no
breath of slander, no whisper of duplicity
marred the fair proportions of his pnblic
or piivate life but
''He was a man, take him for all in all,
We ne'er shall look upon his Iike again."
Tbe other great soldier was the disci
pline ofselfish 'atnbition. He raised the
iron weapon of warn to crnsh only that
he raight rule. What to him were the
cries of the widows and orphans ? He
passed to a throne by making the dead
bodies of their protectors his steppmg
... If .1 1 c
stones. Ammtion, sen, were me gous oi
idolatry, and to them he sacnhcec heca-
torobs of his fellow men. i.nthustasm
points with fearful wonder tothe nameof
Napoleon, while justice, benevolence,
, ii
ireeaom, ano au tne concomnanis
constitute the true happiness of man, sbed
aimosi a uivme naio arouna me name
and character of Washington.
VT. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 11, 1844.
Lr Cuaracter. The Hickory' Banncr,
to help Mr. Tolk, and to ruin, if possible, our
Manufactories and all bome industry, is pub-
Hshing the vilest falsehoods inreference tothe
femalesin our factories. The editor of tbe
Bangor Wh; remark3 .
. 'Nothinginthisworldisrooreabsnrd-noth
,empts frequently made by reckless partizaus
! in theirhcated zeal azainst tbeiustand trulv
i - c - , , -
American system of protection tohome Iabor,
to briug discredit upon those coacerned in
manufactuting establisements both employ
crs and emnloyed.
We are acquainted with thewiyes of Cler
gytneo, of Merchants, Alcchanics.and Farm-
ers, as well educatcu, as renncd, as lady-hke
aud respected honored by all whn know
them and an houor to any social circle they
may grace a9 aoy otncr women in tne world,
who in their younger days were employed in
factories worked in tbe mills. For the last
twenty years scarce aseason was passed,thal
we have not vistied more or less the manu
. paid for their own education, and assisted
their brothers in obtaining an education to fit
them for the miuistry. Nurnerous are the
other cases of which we have heard. Now
it is treason against humanity and a libel upon
our institutions tosay that a system which
has wrought such results in so many cases
aod is constantly produciug them, ts an cvil
and a curse. crushing human hopes, sapping
the founditions of virtue, and blighting the
bealth and happiness of the fairdaughters of
ourland. When we hearofaman by his
penorhis voice thus attcmpting to briug re
proach upon those engaged in Iabor, we feel
prcpared to brand him as deplorably ignor
ant ofthat which affirms, or a contemptablc
knave, who, for party ends, would bringrc
prnach onthe name olhearcu-born virtue it
A correspondcnt of tbe National Intelli
gcncer, writing from Wilton.near Richmond,
Virginia, thusspeaks ofthe diminution ofthe
popnlar vote of that State :
"This much have I written with an eye to
tempt Virginia Northern Farmcrs. I
have a great dcsiro to capture tbis good old
commouwealtb for the Yankec stock of
States. Land is cheap; I say land, of
which a good farm may soou be made, at
from three to fire dollajs per acre not thc
land on tho bauks ofthe rirer, cleared and
cultivated, but land wbere marl lies marl
worth more to the land than a.good minc.
Society is good the people are a cood peo
ple. Schools will come with population. It
often seems to me that as yet there are no
people here, and I wish therefore toseethcm
come. Ihave totake up aspyglass to see
the houscs of my nei-ibbors, they are so far
olt; and yet, so near am I to a capital of
about twonty tour tbousand luhabitants.tiiat
I can see its spircs aud steeplcs, and almost
hearthehum ofits laborsrs. Backofme,
and below me, off the river, as far as I have
cxplored.l cannot find much else but woods,
woods, woods. I ride for miles and miles
in the forest, looking for people. And yet
this is the first scttlcd and oldest part ofVir
giuia! The people have gune off; tbey have
settlcdin Georgia, Alabama, Kcntucky, Mis
souri, Mississippi, Louisiana, Florida; nnd
now, as if there wcre too many people left,
a bribe is held out to the rest to go to Texas !
Well, if they will go. all I can say, is north
ern farmers, come here and settle. Such
land as youcau scll in New York and Pcun
sylrania for Gfty aud seventy five and a hun
dred dollars per acre, you can buy here for
fromthreo to ten. Itis a shame, I say.that
this beautiful country, soblcst in climate,
and needing so little, only the fertilizing
band ofman, should be without people.
Here is an old, vcnerable river running past
my door, older thau the Hudson, now lined
with towns and villages much older than
the Ohio, (older in scttlcrnedt and geogra
phy I mean.J but whcre are the people?
For a huudred and fifty mile3 from Rich
mond to Norfolk.the first explorcd rivcr run
ning into the Atlantic ocean, the home of
the Powhatten and Pocahontas, and the
scenes of the trulv chivalrous John Smith
ichcrc are the peopU? Gone, Isaw; gone to
ihe South and West, and the trumpet blow
ingnow among them to go to Texas! Vir
ginia has here depopulatcd hercself to make
houscs clscwhere. Tbe cry of one fcet of
politicians is, manufScturcs that would keep
the people here are nelhing; Tcxes is cvery
tbiug. Were I a Virginiau, I should esteein
as worth more on James River one good
White men than all of Texas from the Sabine
to Rio Del Norte. Why, here is Texas all
about us, land as cheap as in the distanl
Texas, and as good."
Dows wmi the Rates of Postaoe.
The New Hampshire Ilouse of Represen
tatires has passed a resolution, nem. con. rc
questing their Rcpresentatires in Congress,
and Instructing their Senators, "to use their
exertions to reduce the present exorbitant
rates of postage.
This gallant State, second of the danght-
ers ot U1U 1 hirteen, and worthy of her im
mediatc parent, the virtuous Old North, has
recorded her suflrage against nitional dis
honor and national folly, by casting bcrvote
for "Henry Clay and the Union," against
"Polk and Texas with or without the Union,"
She bas thus ratified tbe patriotic and honor
able, but hazardous stand, takeuby berhigh
rainded Senators in Congress against tbe
schcme to flecce a weak and friendly neigh-
bor, under the lorms oia treaty with a tnird
party which was to go halres in the spoil.
In tbis nobly deeiding, the State of Teunes'
see deserves more than ordinary respeet ;
for perhaps no other member ofthe Confed
eracy was impclled by so many or so strong
ties towards a union with Texas as herself.
Yet for national honor and good faitb, she
resisted all motives of private interests, of
State pridc, and even the strong feelings of
fraternity which bind her to a multitude of
tbe earliest and best emigrants to Texas,
who went tbilber from her bosom. With
the vote of Tennessee.the vote of New York
wonld have placed Henry Clay in the Presi
dency, a station which he was so well fitted
tofill, which heso well earned byalifeof
divotion and pr-emine8t" servic-. and for
which he has leceived a large majority of terests are conccrncd, and the maintenance
the votes ofhis countrymen. IIow burniug ofslavery, Texas annexaticn being deemcd
is the sbame, aud deep the digrace, that the essentia'.can becfTected by Exccutiv powcr
will of this majority should have been ren- aud influence, so far there is no mistake in
dered abortive, and the fondcst hopes of this "the prospcctbcfere u." Mr. Polk will also
great nation crushed, by means openly and agrce with Mr. Calhoon that the Public
uudeuiably frauduleut and yet without reme- I-ands should be given, with reservation, to
dy ! jXational Intelligcnccr. Ihe Stateand Territories were located. -nd
this is done bj Northem voters, hyiocnt-
cal friends ofslaverj for the Liberty party
ArroisTMEST or N. Y. U. S. Senators. leadcrs are priucipally Polk- men, and next
We Iearn that Ex-Governor Wm. L.Mar- to their own preferment, prefer Polk, of
cy, aodJobu Savage, late Chief Justice, course, having a double inducemeut to per
have bccn appointed by tbeGovernoras Sen- severc foreign votes, aud thcgrossestrRAUD.
ators ofthe U. Slates, inplace ofMessrs. We doubt thc power of tbe South, iu the
Wright and Tallmadge, resigned. It is un- Ilouse, to destroy the Tariff, but our bope
derstood that neither of these gentlemen will is iu the Senatc, that positive evil, so far as
be candidatcs for clection by the Legishture, measures can arfect, will be avcricd, uutil
the people can again act; for wevcrily believe
AgamsofDraftsrilanedbtttcten Baltimore "uld the elcction now be held, alter what
and Washington city, by means oMorst's hs transpired. Mr. C lay would be triumph
Magnctic Tclcgrapk.Oa Saturday last, for a"' clecteJ- In ,be 'ue-n "me, we are
the purpose of making an experiment, and Jnrown upon the unctrtany which has so
testing the accuracy of connnunications made '?nS deranged the husincss ofthe country at
by Morse's celebratcd and wonderful Elcctro
Alagnetic Telegraph, a game of -'Drarts" or
Chcckers was played through Its mystcr-
lousagency. betweeu the cities of Baltimore """ " wtuaui proiuaoiy
and Washiogton. Thisisthefirstgameofthe e,mPIov.cd 'and happy. IIow long are the
kind ever played in the United Statcs, or adly influences of Sonlhern bwyrRr.aid
probablyiu tbe world, at sorgreat a distance eJ bJ Nof'iern "lough-faces" and political
(40milcs) iuso short a time it occupying wpirants, to rule this great country Zf.
notquite one hour from the commencement -'"'"'"
to the cnd. It isa factthe tlrstaud only game
ever attempted in this couutiy thus fafbyi
telegraphic despalch. j
Tesskssee Gov. Jones has issued his
proclamation announcing the choice ofthe
Whig Electoral Ticket.
Ilighest WhigfJobn Bell) 60,033
Highest Loco, (G. W. Rowles) 59,901
Whig majority 129
Lowest Whig, (T. R. Jeuoings) C0.017
LowestLoco.f' ) 59,004
Whig majority 113
l-sTho Legislaturc of South Carolina
assembled at Columbia on Monday last.
DENT. Mcrsbals ofthe United States.
Is.iac O. Barhes, for Massachusctts,
AwnREW S. Posd, for Northern Districtof
New York.
Aeexasdeii Portcr, for Delaware,
Human Life. Hope writes tho poetry of
tbe boy, but memory that ofthe mau. Man
looks forward with smilcs, but backward
with sigbs. Sucb is tbe wise providencc of
God. Thecnp oflifeis swectestatthebrim,
the ilavorisimpaired as we drink dccper, and
the dregs are made bittertbat we may not
struggle when it is taken frem our lips.
dent statcs that a merchent who voted for
rolk and Dallas, after witnessiiiir the dcfcat
of Mr. Clay, says he would now give $5,000
to have Mr. Clay elcctcd. Xeto Yorl: Tri-
OyTho following is part ofan articleby
the cditor of the Coiumbia ,'S. C.) Chroni
cle, who, in the midst ofthe Locofoco nulli
fication oftbatState, has rr.aintu'mcd his jour-
nal true to Whig principlcs and the IJnion
The facts here stated ought to opca the uyes
of "Aunexationists."
We happened during the summcr to trav-
el in company witucn lntelligeut Texianwhn
has abaudoued that country in disgust, with
the intention of scltliog in this ccuntry, of
which he is a native. In reply to qucrics
propoundcd to him, iu rcgard to the amount
of thedebt ofTexas, aud lhequantity cf va
cant land within hcr borders, he anawered
that hc "bad no doubt hcr debt amounted to
at least flfty miUions of dollars ; that, cxclu
civc of hcr foreign debt, which had ucvcr
been properly estimated, shc owed hcronn
citizens for large sumsof moncy borroncd
from them, and for provisious supplicd and
takcn tosubsisthcr troaps; that, as rcgarded
vacant lands-, there was not aninch ofground
in Texas, worth owning, but what was cov
ercd iheee grants deep!" We wcre at first
inrlint'd to doubt his statemeuts, but have
since been led to beliere that tbey were near
ly correct- It must have strnck, every unbi
ased mind, on reading the correspondence
accompanyiug thc forui of the late treaty,
as a very singular fact, that the commission
ers appointed on the part of Texas, to nego
tiate it, could not tell what the amount of her
debt was! Isitpossiole that they nereas
ignuraut of it as they pretcnded to be J We
think not. At any ratc, there is not much
faithtobe put in the statesments of a gov-
ernment that cannot tell wnat is the amount
of their liabilities. Ourlittlc Florida war.
which lastcd onlya few years, against ahand-
ful of IndiaDS, cost the country upwards of
forty millions; and will any body believe
that the protracted Texas war cost that na
tion lcss than double that amount.
It may be a difficult questionto determine
which scct, calling itself Christian, is most
benefitled by thewholesale anathemas ofthe
Garrison, male or female, "black, white and
grey," Iecturcrs, with their"Adder's forkand
blind worm's sting Lizard's leg, and ow
Ict's wing." The chnrchcs have all com-j
mittcd a grevious sin against Mr. Garrison
and Stephen S. Foster, who two or three
years ago decreed tbatthe traitors, (seccders
"Liberty party") ought to be hung, and
all tbe christian churches (so called) quar-
tered and "come-oul ' ot; as all arc very
corrupt, and most of them rotton to the core, f
uaKers unu uu. juc oiiiilu auu rurauii
Miller ha?e made some noisein the world,
but they can't comeup to tbe Abigails of the
present day, in point of authority and sj)ccial
messages. N. II. Scntinel.
(7s"The Lcgislatnre of Missouri met at
Jefferson city on Wednesday last.
The election ofa Senator to Congress to
succeed Mr. Benlon will invest its proceeed
ings with interest.
James K.Polk is Prest.o'e jurt-JohnC.Cal-
houn (who a!l account agree, is to be con
tinued as Secretary of State, or Prime Min
ister) Presideni defaeto. So far therefore,
ai deadly hatred tosupposed Nortbern in
moment whcu, under the existmg tarilf
""'5 ' " ""icao jnuusiry, lae
Agculturalist, the Mcchamc, llie Manufac-
, , .. .
Fro:i Texas. e find the following
i itcms ol news in tne (Jlarksville f Texas)
Northern Standard of the ICth ofOcto-
ber: .
By the Westcrn mail we'lcarn that Presi
dent Houston has received auothcr commu
nication from Sauta Anna, which is said to
be of a pacific rharacter. Its statcd that
thc coutemplatcd invasion of Texas by Mex
ico is abandoncd, and we bclicvc it is settled
that England and France haro ofiercd to
obtain an ackuowledgmeut of our iiulcncn-
,dence, on condition that Mexico shall have
the nght to renew the war uhcnevci we o(T
er ourselvcs to tbe United States Red Lan
dcr. It is rumored that President Houston in
tends immediately to couvokean cxtra sess
ion of Congress. Jbid.
Accounts received from the Uppcr Bra
zos a few days since, represent that a consid
crablc nunibcr ofthe Comanches hail alrcady
arrrted at tho pbce fixed upon for the coun
cil tobc held nt the full ofthe moon in llie
piescnt month, for the purpose ofentcring
iuto a treaty with our governmcut. Large
additional numbcrs were daily cxpectcd to
arrivo. The Wacos also, aportion of nhich
tribe hate for somo time past manifestcd a
hostile disposition, were to be prcscut. Gen
eral Houston will atteud the council. and
there is little doubt that a complctc- pacifica
tion of these long hostile tribes will be eficc
tcd. Denu
SrMPTOMs or dibaffectio.v. The
rrgular counsel 'of Governor Dorr have
stuck up their backs and disavowcd any
connection with those who attcmpt the lib
cration of their clictit, except under their
dircction. Gcn. Fcssendcn of iMaino has
uctn ciiipiujcu oy me - remaio ucnevo-
lent Suffrage Associaiion" to go to Provi
dencc and act as counsel to procure the
Hbcration of the Governor, and this not
being agreeablc to (he rcgulars,they have
published a card in the Providcncellerald,
in which they say :
" We take this opportugity of saying to
the friends of Mr. Dorr.in or out ofthc
State, that any attcmpt to take his case
out of our hands, by whomsoever made,
and of whatcvcr politica! patty ihev mav
.be, (eithcras cmployers or Counsel,) or
oy wnatever moiircs aclttatcd, is wholly
unauthorizcd by Mr. Dorr. 'We stand
rcady to do for Mr. Dorr both as Counsel
and frictid, all that we know that hc de
siies us todo. and all that wc cando:
faithfully to the last."
Tho Philadelphia Gazctie of Tliursday
cvcmngsays: "Wehave.heard of several en-
crpnies beni-r abandoncd on account of '.he
'resnlt ofthe clccticr., and some of our man-
ufactunu" estabhshments have tbuupbt it
'prudeut to contract their opcrations. State
' ments ofthis kind nill be seized upon for
' misiepresentation, but the facts rcmain stub-
tjorn. We areininnned that manufactnrcrs
'who had ordercd machinery. tobecoustsuc
'ted in this city, have in some cases couutcr
'mandcd their orders. Many norkmcn will
'necessarily be dischargcd."
ThePittsburg American ofTttesday states
that the lowest price at which pig melal has
becti sold in that market during the surumer
bas bcen $23. On Friday oflastwcek asale
ofonchundred and thirty tons was made at
the price named. On Friday nizht the newa
of the Now York city elcction and the proba
ble loss to the Whigs ofthat State was re
ceived; and on Saturday pig melal was ofer
ed and refused at $23. Another lot was in
negotiation for on Friday, bnt was dcclincd
altogethcrou the following day. JS'at. In
tclligencer. Natdrlizatiow Fraods. At therecent
term ofthe United Statcs District Court in
I'ittsburg, twenty-four bills of indicttncms
were found, and among them fifteen for ner-
jury and subordination of perjury inobtaining
naturalization papers. Seven wcre against
one indifidual, four for perjury, and three for
subordination ol perjury, and
one eacli a-
"ninst eichtothcrs.all foreiirncrsand mn!,.n
0f the Locofoco party. We copy a portion
f the commnnication of the Grand Jurv
tbe Court:
"In passing upon twenty-five bills of in
dictrnent of various kinds, twentv-four of
which were found to bc true, among ihem
were fifteen for perjury and subordination of
perjury, arising out ofthe applicatibn ofsev
cn aliens for naturalization, each of whom
was adinitted under the act of Concress of
24th May, 1624, which U construed to admit
a person arriving in theStatesuodrreighteen
years of age. and baring resided therein five
years, to become acitizen at any time with
out having prcriously filedadeclaration ofhis
intention so ta do.
"In tbe examination of these cases it was
clearly shown that one of the men was 37 !
years of age. another about 32 years of agp, '
Of every description will be ncatly and
f ishionably executed. at short notice.
who had each been about fire years and two
nontbs in the United States: aud one ahnnt
40 years of age. who brought with him to this
country seven cbildreu, Ihe oldest of whom
is 13 years of aje. All these apnlicants were
admi'tcd to cithseuship, and received certifi
catesof naturalization. Six of thcsc were
adinitted by the Court of Quarter Sess:ans
of this Alleghany County.a few days previous
iu me cicciions, aud tuc otncr m tne
Court of Comrnon Pleas ofsaid County somo
time ago. Each of these, it U fouud, was ad
mitted to citizenship ou his own oath, with
that of one witness otily. Four of the five
were vouched for bv one rnan. aud one bv
his brother, and the otbers by some other
summer and aututnn your soap prease is
apt to accumulate beyondyour immediatc
wants, if put away it is devourcd by mag
gots, and if made into soap, you may not
have pine or other appropriatc vessels
cnough to hold it. Havinrr sufTered loss
from being placcd in such circutnstances,
we wcro much gratificd with a piece of
ititclltgence accidentially received, which
relievcd us from the disagrecable dillem
ma. By boiling our soft soap with salt
about a quarter ofthe latter to thrce gal-
ons ot tne tormcr, you can separate Icy
and watcrenough to unke the soap hard.
After boiling half an hour tum it into n
tub to cool Cut thc cakes which swim
on the top into pieces, and havin-r tcrancd
ofTfroth and other impurities, mect acaiti
(without the ley and watcr undcrncalh of
course) and pour it into a box to cocl.
You may then cut itup into parts of pro
pcr dimcnsions for drying. By adding a
portion of rosin, ucll pulverized at the
last boiling, you will have yellow soap li'.c
that made for markct.
AMEntfA.v RocrwNt; Chaii.s. In are
ccnt London paper we notiqe an adicr
tisementof "American Ilocking Chairs,"
in which tho comfort and Iuxurious ease
of these wooden narcotics arc most ela-
boratcly ilcliucatcd. New to us is it, that
the rocking chair isofexclusive American
contrivaucc and use, and yet so it is. Iti
fact, it is but a few years since they were
known south ofNew York. In Philadel
phia, they are still called "Boston Rock
ing Chairs," byxwhich we infer the Yan
kecs cnutrivcd tliis, as they have done
most of our household artfclcs of ease and
utility. Some Yankeos have opened
shops in London and Liverpool for th.-
cxclusive sa!e of American manufactured
articIes,liketheTurk" in Eroadway, uho
sells nick-nacks made in Constantinople
hr on thc banks ofthe Bosphorus.
Good Fortunk. A young Yankee,
named Colcman, who used toplay thc ac
cordion in some of ouf cities for suLsi!
tance and who patented some itnprove
ments on that itistiumeut, has suddenly
sprung into afllucnce and fame. iu New
York. SlOO.OOOhas bcen agreedtobe
paid him for the improvement ofthe piano
and in London, where he is now, he has
become the Lion of the day, and it h
said that hc will recovcr half a million of
dollars for his patcnt there besides boinjf
petted by !he nobilityof Great Britian,
Philadelphia paper.
We happen to know, and we are hap
py to say, that this "young Yankee" de
serves all the success he is Iikely to rc
ceive, abundant and crcruhelming as it
is. llis improvements on the piano, for
which be is now rccciving such high rt
ward and destinclion.Jis ofa most striking
character, and cannot fari to be nnivcr-
sally adopted. It consists in what he calls
the'Eo'ian attaclimont." and convcrt
the piano instantly at wiil into the
softcstand swcctcst toncd rrgan we ever
heard. J he pnnciple ofthe mventuni is
in thcintrcductioii of air tn the strinir rf
the piano, so that the sound 13 prclonged
indeSnately- It makes two itistrumcnts
out of one thc piano retnaininir sinirle
until the preformer chooscs to couvert it
into the organ, which is done by touchinrr
a pedaf.
One of these instruments was cxhihited
at thc Scicntific Convention hc!d at
Washington some months since under thc
National Institutc : and it cxcited the
keenest curiosity, and the mott marked
delight of all who her.rd it. It has nevcr
been pubficly cxhibited in this city,
though a few have beeniput up in urivate
parlors. The "ffioJian attachmcnt" may
be applied to any piano, at a ccst of abotit
one hundreu dollars: new ones made
with rcference to this improvemenl, will
cost about 50 additional.
Mr. Co'eman is a native of Nantucket
a genutne Yankee and 'full to the
bnm of mechamcal and tnnsical gcntus.
When a mere child he was pcrpctually
astonishing histownsinen with some new
contiivances " This irreat invention.
which gives him fame and fortune to Ira
hcart's content, was the amascment of a
sick chamber to which hc was confined
for some months. He has other in pcitfi
which, wepredict, will give the norld
cause for astonishment. llis parents re
side at Saratoa. He is now in Enclaurl
We heartly rjjoice in his extraordinarv
success. Courier Eniprircr.
Vermont and Massachuselts JRail-Eoad.
Atthe adiourned raeetina of the stock-
holders yesterday, the following gen'.Ie
man were cVoseii Dircctors :
Nathan Rice. of Cambridge. Alvah
Crocker, of Fitchburgh, Jacob Forster of
Charlestown , H.Timmrns, J. J. Low.and
II. W. fullerof Boston. G. C. Hall. J.
R. Blake, Calvtn Townsley and J. Good
hue of Brattleboro", Joseph Davis of Tem
plcton, Tho's Lamb of Boston, Isaac
Livermore of Cambridge Boston Cour-
ttr, JVor 23.

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