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EDITOR AND PROPR1ETOR. TERMS 7)f"teWh"VoLUME. ?;i!age subf cribers B-.00 Jlail subscriber 2J)0 Individuals and Companies who Ukc at the office l'75orl'B0 cents if paid imix monlhs. Those wlio take of l'oslriders . . .S2.00 If not paid at llieend of the year 2, 25 No papera discontinued until arrearages are paid except at the option ofthe proprietor. No contract with, or paymei t made to Carrier. ca!h, keepjng, or oiherwise allowea rxccpt .mw- -j prcprietor. All coraminicationsmustbeaddreEEed totheed tor Post Pai d THOUGHTS OF HEAVEN. No sickness there, No weaty wasting of the frame away ; No fearful shrinking from the rnidnight air No dread ofsnmmcr's bright and fcrvid ray! No hiddcn grief, No nild and cheerless vislcn of dcspair; No vain petition lor a swifi relief No tcarful cyes, no broken hearts aie thcre. Carehasno lioine "Within the rcalm of ccaseless prayerandsong; Its billowsbreak away and meltin foam, Farfrom the mansions ofthe spirit throng! The stonrt's black wing Is never spread atliwart celestial skics! Its wailingsbletid not with the voiceofspring, As some too tender uow'ret fadcs and dies ! Nonight distils Its chilling dtws nron the tendcr frame; No moon is nceded there! The Iight which fills Thatland ofglory, from its Makercamc! No parted friends O'er mournliri recolleclions havc to veep! Nj bed of djath enduting love attends To walch the comcingof a pulseltss slcep ! No t)lasted flowcr Or wilhercd btid celestial gardcns know! I.o scorching blast orficrcedecending shonci Scatters dcslraclion like a ruthlcss foc ! No battlc word Startles the iacred host with fcar and drcad! Thesongof pcace CrcationV morning heard, Is sung whercver angel ministejs tread! Lct as depart, Ifhoine likc tliis await Ihc weary soal! Lookup, thoa stiicketi one! Thy wonnded heart Shall blecd no more at sorrous stcrn control. "With faith ourguide, AVhite-robed and innocent to lcad the way, Why fear lo plunge ir. Jordon's rolling tide, Ane Sn J the occan ot etcrna! day 1 GOIXG WEST, OR, RATHEIt TO THE GRAVE YARD. From an address reccnlly dciivcred bcfnrc a Ivrrum in Concord, X.H., by Professor H.uMuol; of Darlmoulh College, ihe Sl. johiii-bnry Caledoiuan lakcs ihc following extract : t:IIes:tid onc hilfof lho;t ivhn cmijrnlcd West rfim ftinin! a gnn-e in ihc soil fnim whirh ihr-y had dreamed of digginir gold, and ihc maj'irity of ihe. olhcr lialf wonld havc licon hclter off had they rcmnined among thc srmn'uc rncks of their nalive State." Upon which Ihe Calcdonian makes ihefol lowinsriruiliful remarlcs: All liuc & slrangellicpuhlicdonol fecl convinced of it. Lat wcek wc chronicled thcrccenl deceasc ol thrce individualsal ihc wcM. not lonir since rcsidenls ol r(yndon. Aud the eastern papers this scaFon liave nhouadc.l wilh no'ircs of persins dy'mg ont west cniitjraiits from Kew England who a ehort time siarn lll Iheir homc iheir healthfiil and invigoraling clinialo Iheir frec sc.hno'is their churc.hes Iheir kindred all for ihe privilege of dying ammi slran ers and n! bsing horne to iheir lon hotne li'slraii!;crs. to re.sl in a Elra-i- soil. un- e. 'ept for no one kticiv ihe.D. W bul Finte the opinion of someiniPiliiient pcrs'Ms whcn we say llial one half ofthe pn.i-rmnu lo the West from Xew Eii!il--.nd dit 1 ilnri g t'.c fir.-l f. mr years aflrr iheir trrival Ihree. n-i! im "v that livo lonr, livp.bnt lo have lifr sh:i!en out ofihcm hy ini-he?, bv a;jiie and fever and who ro aboul wilh eadaverons enuulcii an;;es. Iookinir rs if ileath had a morlgaie upon iheir morlal parls. and expccling mo mcntarilj, noli.-c of fircclosurc. And as to ihe matlerofmakingmoncy, Ihc West i nnl tha plac.s not so good as the Stalc of Vermont Thc present scason, while money has been comparntiyclv plenty hcrc at C pcr cent, it has coinmanded 10. 12. 'ind evcn 13 in many places west. What dnes this nrove? That it is a hard arliclc !o bc obtained, and ihat ihe West is thc last I vlace to go to m ordcr to jet mnncy. i rue, they ratsc Iargc c.rops. bm Ihcir Iargc crops do not put eo much monev in thc pockct as ao sniall crops in vermont, Waix DF.tLAr.En. Some four or fivc of our citizens, we understand, havc bcen iudi caicd and bound up undcr heavy bonds for violntion of thc License I.aw. This is surely a laudahlc underlakinz, and one that has becn lnri!; and loudly callcd for. The properauthoritics, weareinformed have re solvcd to act up to their duty to the fullcst extcnt; anJ complaints, it is amtcinatcd. will ie neilher " few nor far bctween." Lac 1 iut bc rcspectcd. Vergennes Vcrmontcr. j Thc Fire. Some slicht circumstanrcs sacmed to cive rise to a surmisc that ihe fire wmcu occurrcu nere last wcek tniglit Mave - -1- .. . bccn the work ofan inccndiarv, for the pur pose of robbin? the $12,000 'i cash which wns known to have becn in the Slore of thc Mcssrs. Holcombs'. The easc h.is under Rone an invesliqation and nolhinjr that would auctinn a suspicion of this kind has bccn ehciled. There is not the slijhtest reason lo snppose tliat the money is not burned ' trgcnnts Vermonter. Fitciieoro Railrom) The receipts of he Fitchburfi road in 11 montlu hnve oecu 1KJ,001 of which 97.314 was from Da,n. -srs, and 85.580 Irom freihf The dividend ur ine year lias lieen nme per cent. Sixty 'M tiiitusand five hundrcd and ei;;hteen ro' ,re,fint navo "een transpoited and o,G69 pqssengers during the year Cone. rtt Abbolt Lawrence, of Bosion, has ii. ... rirl- ,elter 10 tne r Rives. of ""' "n'cb is pubhshed in the Vinrin Manur; 1,6 frese"1 8tate f Education, iBn j . onn Uome Industry there. x"esan.ri - ,,r5'Da clecline. He k'''Sfe"rJ.US'nl0,he ".'y true cause- VOL. X. A Thanksgiving Tale, FROM AS OLD PAPEH. In one ofthe small interior towns ofNew England, where the Etipcrstitions of our an cesters slill possess strong hold on the minds of the people, the facts occurred a few years eince, on which the following tale is found ed: An honcst farmcr and lus family prepnr itig to celebraie Thanksgiving at Iiis wife'f falher's in an adjoining town, were hurricd and confuscd cxtremely on thc ilay precccd ing Ihe festival, by the muliiplicity of things which must be done before Ihey could leavc homc with safcty. Thc liouse must be bank ed up, and the gleanings ofthe haccst, cab hagcs, turnips, &c, put into the cellar thal thc cxternal entrance lliercto might be closcd for the stason. Huving carricd in the veg ulables thehoyswcre despatched to thc barn tor straw to fill the passagc way, wliilc the good man himself was busicd on thc oppo EttcEide ofthe honse. Anold ram,ihehorn ed patriarch of'a Iarge flnck of shcep kcpt on the farm, having gnl a tnste of Eome of tlie scattered leaves of ihe turnips and rabbages, unobservcd entcrcd thc cellar, and Fileiitly continucil his feast. The avennc ihrongh which he had cntercd was imtnediately clos cd up, and all thc neccssary work and ar rangemenls bcing complctcd, thc lnrger boys and girls sct offon fnot in high glcc, thc dog rumiing and barkirg before thcm, apparent ly as well plenecd with going lo Grand-pa-pa's as all ofthe happy group. Soon afier the parcnt pair and ihcir lilile oncs, liaving put otit the fire and f.istcricd thc doors and windows, by mcans of many curious contrivances, lo keep ont thievcE, Etartcd in thc snn.c dircclion. In Ihe aficrnoon ol ihe day following ihe fcslival, which had bccn kcpt undcr thc p: icrn.il roof vviili many devout and jovial ex crciscs, thc finnily relurncd homc, cccompa nied by eomc of iheir young courins. Somc of thcir youlhful ncighbors of lnth sexes were invilcd in, and a merry Ihanksgivj'ng carousnl was in fu!l lido of sncccssl'ul opera tion, u hcn one ol thc boyp, who had bccn Fcni into thc cellar, wilh a litile low-wicked cam'.le, whirh gavc jusl Iight cnough lo uiako darkncss vieiblc, lo draw riik-r, run back inio ihe room wilh cycs glaring wildlj. ultcringa half sufTncalfd exelamalion 'The dcvil is in Ihc cellar!' 'Poo. paid the fathcr, lyou liavconly becn frightcncd at your own shadow give nie thclighl.' On which he seizcd ihe candlc. Icaving ihc candlc-slirk clcnchcd fast iu il.e fhakintr hand ol ihc boj'. and boldly rushcil lo ihc cel lar elairs, but cre lic li;ti! dcscendrd half Ihe siops. lii'jlarjjc sauccr cyc. and cnnrinous horns ofthe beast causcd hini lo relrcat as mnrh tcrrified as his son ' Surc cnough thc devil is in ihc rcllar.' Thc utinoft confuion aml uproarnoiv pcr vaded llichouse. The good mau Ecizod thr great bible and allempled lo rcad, but ihe cnmllc Epultered, burnt bluc, nnil thrcw so fecble a Iight on Ihc sacrcd pnge, and Ihe book lrrmblcd eo much in ihe hand of ihe rcader. that hc could not dilinnii-h one worJ from anolhcr. The little rhildrcn cried and clunsr lo llieirmolhcr thc Ir.sscs ncslled rlo-ido iheir favorilc swains aud thc wlmle hf)U--e slmok wiil. thc ngilnli-in ! i's halfdc meiilcd inhabitatils. One lirii'ht Ihnughl howuvtr. occurred a tnefe:H'er was dcs- D.ifrlied fnr thc minisler 'lo lav ih dcvil Thc Par.on. a ma:i niore relebralcd fiir jno.l nalurc, piciy anii rredulily. Ihan fiir Uli'titsor heniism, slipped thc piniiSI bible in- ' llri; he nii"h: aiipear as fnrinid.ible to Ui in . snoc .'c . nul o!i :is unnu mh inn .- ' .rriMt ailversarv ai pn ihle, and hastencd lc thf rulii-f ol his distressed pari.-luoncr?. t)n rnniins In ihc liniise ihc revcrand mai niled as a dclivrrrr. and ii:plnred by le.isi a (!'::"!! voircs a! nnce 'todnvc ihe lf.il aw:i Bil few luomcnis were Int in askinjr quesiions, whicJi no one could answer, belbrc ihe l'arfon was nuslied lorwaru as a leauer. liL'htcd hv Ihcsamc Denurlous candlc. inl Ihe cellar, the moslcouragcousoflhc conipa nv kecmnir close bchmd hun Wlien rearhcd Ihe foot of ihc slnirs. Ihc cycs of fire and tncshadowy nuilmc ol enorinous liorns. magmhed tenlolil at least by liie lcrrors o those that behcld thcm, rcnioved all douht, i auj- had prcvinusly cxisled in Iiis mind, as lo ihc lnlemal nature otlhebema wi'n wliom he had lo conlcnd. Thedivine tnslniilly lell on his knecs. and wi'.h upiiftcd handpbetrnn to pray, in his most lervcnt ntnnner. l ne ram not understandiiiir Ihcgi.oa man mo hands, that he was daring hini to a hutlinr contest, tnadea pass wilh all liiRinighl at his suniioscu auvcrsary; but wns deccivcn nv Ihe swelling dimensions ofhis drappy, misscd ihe slcnder body of thc pricsl and drawing hastily back to renewthc nssnull, liookcd one ol his horns into thc belt of his surplicc, and pullcd thc rarson wilh him nilo the cellar Whilc thus in powcrol his virioriousfoe, losl to hope as it regarded himself. the nnlural bcncvolencc of iiis dispofilion bur.-t Ibrlh in the exclamation ' I5reihren, lake care of vnnrsclvcs, ihc . clevil li:is i:r.t niel' This exhorlalion was hellcr oheyed Ihan j uiiy mai nc nau cvcr Uclivereil Irom the pul : pil; his Iricnds all fled and left him in hi? lale. Amnii thc cornpanv. was a shrewil voun farmcr, who had Irom ihc first Fupposed thc fiend to he. nulhinir niore ihan some ilnnrs. lic anunal. but being a lovcr ol fun, and wi ling to sec a comcdy, he kept his ihoughls io nimseu, anu pretentcil lo Rympathisc will thc olhcrs in ihcir fears. Hc now tlimiclii it time toinlcrfere,nnd snatching a piich nine .tf i .1 r Knot niazmg irom ine nrc, cxprcssed his tic tcrminalion lo rcsrtie the pricst or pcriph in Ihe nltemnt. A Iovely young dnmscl lahl hold of the skirls ofhis coat and Ihe cry of don't, don'l.' procceded Irom cvcry parl of Ihn room. Unhceding llns kinil concern lor hispafely, he ru-lied into thc cellar, Eeized the ram by one nf his horn? and dragged the elrugghng animal up Elairs, calling lonhe as lonishcd Parson. 'Ibllow me.' The horned devil was led in triumph, followed by the uunimneu ticclesiasiic, in the nuust ol the luuipiuiy. A momentary silcnce and hnnging down orheadscnsued. The paesed scene, howev er, was loo ludicrous to admit ol sober reflec tion, and loud peals of laugh'er bursl forth from every side, during which thc ram was turned out at the door. the Pn himself without ceremony, and the sports of ...tt.cinng ncreresumtu wnu Dettcrspirits than before. We shall soon have the neivs hv the Magnetic TcIegraDh, iii Boston, frorc Wash ington, ia a few rnmutes. MISCELLMEOUS. HOW TO CORRECT A HUSBAND'S FAULTrf. BT FANNT GKAT. Nowjust lookatyou, Mr. Jones! I de clare! it gives me a chill to see you go to n drawer. What do you want7 Tell me, and I will get it.' Mrs. Jones springs to the side of her lius band, who has gone !o ihe bureau for sorae thinj, and pushes bim away. 'There now ! Just look at the burra's nest . 1 1 T I M you have maae. nnai uu juu Jones?' . . . Thc husbatid throivs an anjry look upon h;wi!f mutiers somethine she caunot un derstand, and then turns away aud leaves thc room. It is too had !' scolds Mrs. Jones to herself, conimencing the work of rcstoring to order the drawer that her husbaod has thrown all tor.sv turvv. '1 neversaw sucu a man: nc --V-J , , , . , .i :r has lio kiuu ol oruer auoui uun, anu uicu, n I speak a word, he gocs offinto a hufT, Bat I won't have my things forever ii confusion. In therneantime, Mr. Jones, in apet, leaves the house, and goes lo his store without the clean pocket baudkerchiel, for which he had been in scarch. Half of thc afternoon passes before he gcts over his ill-humor, and then he does not feel happy. Mrs. Jones is by no means comfortable iu mind. She is really sorry that she spoke so roughly, although she does not acknowledge, even to herself, that she has done wrong, for, every now and then, she ullerj half aloud, some cenure a cainst the careless habits of her husband habits that were really annoying and inexcu- sablc. They had becn married live ycars, and all that lime Mrs Jones had complained, but to no'good purpose. Sometiines the husband would get augry, and, sometimes hc would Inugh at his nife, but hc tnade no ef- fort to refunn himself. Mr. Jones, nhy will you doso?' said Mrs. Jonrs, ou ihc cvening of the samc day. 'You are the most Irying man alive.' 'Pity you ha'dn't a chancc to tryanother,' relorled Mr. Jones, sarcaslically. Tho ofTencc given was a careless ovcrturn ing of Mrs. Jones' work-baskct, and thc scat tcring of needlcs, collons, scissors, wax. and a dozen little ct cctcras about the floor. Thc reply of Mr. Jones htirt his wife- It seemed unkiud. He had bronght home a new book, which hcintcndcd reading, but the face of Mrs- Jones lookcd so gravc aflcr the overluiniiic of thc work-bnsket. Ihat he feli no disposilion to read lo her, but coiilcnlcd himself by enjoying the book himself. It must bc said. ihat Mr. Jones was a vcry tryin man indecd, as his wife had alleged. 1 lc could open closels aud drawers as hnudi- ly as auy one, but Ihc Ihnught ol shutting ei ther, never entercd his mind. The frequcnt rcnroofs of his wife, such as 'Had you any doors in ihc housc where you were raised?' or, 'Plcase lo shnt that drawci, will you, llr. Jones?' or. 'you arn the most disorderlv man in exislence;' or, 'You are enongh lo itv the natienceof a saint, Mr. Jones,' nrodu ccd no cffect. In fact, Mr. Jones seemed to row worse and worse cvcry day, instcad of betlcr. The natural habits of order and regularitj which his wife posscssed, were not rcspectcd in ihe least decrce. He dren his hools in the parlor, aud left thcm in the iniddle of thc floor. nul his hat upon the piano, instcaa o hnn:in" it on the lack in ihe passage tnm Ided her drawers whcnever he wcut io then Icft his sliavini; apparalus ou the drcssing lable or bereau splashcd ihe water about and smle ofnll ihat could bc saul to liiu would neIect to take ihe soan out of ihc Im sin snatlered cvcrvtliius nrouud him will hlackin'r whcn he hrushed his boots and did a hundred othcr careless lhinc. that cavc hi: wife a world ol trnuble, aiinoed her sore aud kept her scolding at him ncarlv all ih limc. This scoldins worricd him a gom! deal, bul it ntver for a siusle tmimeiit inad him think seriously about reforniiug his had habus. One dnv he came to dinncr. It was a ho ilav. Ile ucnt into ihc chambcr where hi wife was sitlinz, and threw himself into Iargc rocking chair, took olfhis hat and tos sed it over upmithe bed right in thc niidst o half n dozen lace collars nenly done up, and kicked ofl his boots wilh such cncrgy thal one of them landed upon the hureau, and ih olher in the cluthes baskct, soiling a nlut dress iust from thc ironing tablc. I'oor Mrs, Jones was crievonsly tried. The husband expeclcd a storm, but no storm brokc. He lonked ai his wife, as she Iifted his ha from the bed and put it upon the mouth picce, and look his hools and put them in a closct from vuiich she brought out his slip pers aud placed tbctn beside him, but did not understand thecxprcssion of her face, cxaclly nor feel com(ortalIe about It. Mrs. Jonc did not seem antry. but hurt. Afier she had handed him the slippers, she took thc soiled dress from ihe clothes hasket, over which she had spcnt nearly an hourat the ironing tablc. and ntlempted to reinovc the dirt ihat ihe hoot had left upon it. But she tried in vain The pure white muslin was hopelessly soiled, and would have :o go inlo the washing lul. before n would bc agam ht to wear. 'II you ktiew, Hcnry, she said. in a voice that louched her husband's feelings, as she laid aside the dress, 'how much trouble you giveme, somclimcs, I am sure you would bc more particular. Do I really givc you much trouble. Jnne 2 Mr. Jones nsked. as if a new idea had broken in upon lus miml. '1 am surc l am sorry loi it.' 'Iudeed you do. If you would only be more thoncljtlul, you would save me a cre.-i deal. 1 shall havc 'o ush out this dress mv self, now, for ihc washerwoman is cone, and I can't trust aally wilh it. I spent nearh hauau hour in ironing it to-day, hot as it is. 'I am vcry sorry, indecd. Janc. It was a careless trick in me, 1 must ronfess, and if you will forgive me I will promise not to of fend again. All this was new. Boih Mr. and Mrs. Jones felt surprised at themselvcs and each other. He had offended. and she did not se! angry; she had bcen annoycd, and he was really sorry for what he had done. Lishi broke into both their minds. and both made nn instant resolution to bemorecareful in fu- ture of their words and aztions towards each other, and they were more careful. WheD Mr. Joneg olfended, as hc still too often did. his wife checked the instant inpulse she felt to upbraid him- He perccived this, and an- preciating her self-denial, compelled himself. Ronsenuence, to uc more orucriy in his habits. A few years wrought so great a change in Mr. Jones, that, to use hyperbole, hc hardly knew himself. He could shut a closet door as well as oneu it, could get a Ihandkerchief, or anything else ffom a drawer, witnont turnmg it upside down, could bang MIDDLEBURY, VT. TUESDAY, FEB. his hat upon the rack, and put his boots a way whcn he took them off. In fact, could be as orderls as any one, and without leeliug ihat it involvcd auy great self-denial to do so. A BACHELOR S WILL. Since the death of Oliver Smith, Esq., of Halfield, who died on the 25th of Dec, much interest bas been mamlestcd to ascertain what disposal he made of his great properly, the larsest undoubtedly in Hampshire Co., amonnting, probably to $500,000, or upwards. Theiuterest to learn the provisious ofhis will has been greaily increased by repons thal .Mr. Smith has left much the largcst part of his properly for the benefitof the public, and especially of thc coinuiunityamong whom he lived. But many of ihesc eporls in regard io the plau adopled forcarrying out his views have been very contradiclory and iucorrect. Having constituied a Board of Trustees, Mr. Smith diiecls his exeoulors to pay over to them the sum of $200,000, which islobe au accuinulatiug fuud, until it amouuts to $-100,000. The S400 000 is then to be divided inlo three separate funds, viz: I. A fund of $30,000 which is slill to re main on interest for sixty ycars, aud is then lo be applied to tbe establishment ofan agri cultural schoolat Northanipton. II. A pcnnanent fund nf $10,000, the in cnmc of which is to be applied to forward thc object ofthe Colonization Society; aud in cerlain conlingences ihc fund itself to fall in to ihe Agricultural School Fund. IH. A permanent fuud of $300,000, the incomeof which is tobe applied tofourchar ities, as follows: 1. The income of $100,000 to ho applied forthe bencfitofindigent boys, of good char actcr, orphans liaving the prcference, to bc sclectcd by the trustees from ihe cight towns named. The boys sclectcd are not to be un der twelve years of agc, and to bc bound out by the trustees to rcspectable farailies until they arrive at the age of 21 ycars. Each young man is then lo be nccommodated wilh a loan of$500, for which he isto givc his notc on interest, payablc in five ycars. At the end of that lime, if theyounc mau sustains a good characler, the noie is to he givcn up, and piincipal and interest bccomes the properly ofthe individual. 2. Thc incoiuc of $90,000 io be applied in a very similar manncrforthc benefil of indi- gent girls $300 toconstitulea marriagc por- uon. 3. The incomeof $13,000 tobe applied for thc benefil of indccnt young women of aood character, over 21 years of age, each re- ceiving SoOas a marriagc portion. 4. The income of$45.000 lo be applied for the hcnefit ofindigent widows, with one or more childrcn. The residuc of ihe cslnle, after paying few small legacies, is made a coutiiigcnt fund to mect all expcnses and pay all lcsscs which tnav occurin Ihe mauagement ofthe funds a bove named; and if the income ofthe samc is more than suffioient for that pnrpose, thc balance to Iii applied in thc samc manner as thc income ofthe lunds. SPEECH OF MR. A. STEWART, OfPcnnsyIvania,on Ihc portion ollhe Prcji dent's Message nnd Treasury Report relaiing lo the Tariff, nnd Mndc in ihc Housc ofRcpreEcnlntivcs, ou a molion lo instruct llic Commiitcc of Wnys and Means to report Ihat noallcrnalinn nuchi lo be made in the Tariffof 1S42, exposcs ihe lallacico ot ihc occrcinry in a manncr eo plain, Ihat we ecc not how he can well cs capc from ihe impuialini: of ignoranre nnd ahsurdily. To Ihc Secrelnr-' declaralions ihat ihe'TarifTis iinronsiilulionnl. Mr. Slew- arl upposes ihc declamtioiis ol Washington Jeflerson, Madis-on and JncK'Eon. This how ever. Mr. Sicwarl said was but one. ol thc ex- irnordinary doctrines of 1 1iis documcnt. In refercnce to thc doclrinc of proleclion Mr. Sicwarl said Thc Secrctary lold thc nation ihat thc poor man was taxed eighly-two per cent., on cotlon goods over the rich man. Ycs this poor man seemed a special favorile of ihe honorable Sccrelary. Hc had inlroduced him len timcs ir. ihe conrse ol two para graphs ol Ihe rcpoil. His sympnihy was greaily excilcd thal this unhnppy poor man was taxed one hundrcd nnd fifiy pcr cent. on his cotlon shirt, becuuse tlicrc wasa duty ou importcd cotlon goods ol ninc ccnls a vard Xoiv it this specific duty or nine cents a niounted to a hundred and fifiy per cent.. ail valoicm, that fixcd thc price ol colton to a 'poor man at six ccntB a yard, for ninc rcnls wasjustone hundrcd and hliy per ccnt.on six ccnts. So the praciical cfTect of thc hor rid tax was, that Ihis poor man, got a good shirt at sixpence a yard. And Mr. Sicwarl would lell thc gcnllemnn anolhcr thing. Whcn ihose most abominablc minimump. which eo excited the wrath of ihe Secrctary. had first been inlroduced in 181G.by Willinm Lowndes one of the purest pairiots nnd most intelligcnt slnleFmen that had ever graccd these lcgislativc halls, nnd sustnincd loo.byJohn C. Calhoun, scarcelyless distin guished India cotlon goods of Ihe very coarsest qnaliiy, known lo every lady at ihc lime by Ihe name of hum'.rums, cost thirty ihree cenle a vard, eo that the 'poor man' would then have had to pay four dollarsfor iwclve vardsof it, and the chect ot thc inia- mous minimums had been that every poor man in the country could now get a better arliclc lor six and a quancr cenls. J nai was ihe wav ihe neoplc were. taxed and op- opressed by tne producnve sy!icm. anu iuis was the manner in whicn uic 'poorman- was- ground down lo the dust to benefil his rich monopolist! The Serretary persuaded Ih poor man that hc was taxed eighty-two per cent. more than therirh man, nnd Ihis was quile insuflerable;yct he paid pnly six cenls lor what tormerly cost him iQiny-six cenis. and of an inferior quality at Ihat On ihat Ihirtv-sixcents. rjroteclion laida dulv ofnine centa which was bat twenly-five per ccni. ad ralorcm. Thcse drcadful mininums had, in their praciical consequences, givcn thc fnrmers n market, given their children employment. nade their catlle proulabie, tilieu ine coun- Iry with the hum ol conienled industry, and had brouL'ht down Ihe price of the poor man'e clolhing from thirly-six cts. nyard down down down as thesystem procced ed, till at last it gnve to him at six cents a vard. Now thc Secrciary cried out ihat ihe duty on these coltons was a hundrcd and fifiy per ccnl. ad valoreml h.normous: Morriu: And why! The duty had not changed, but the price had. As the price wcnt down the duty went up. At Ihiny-six cenls per yard, nine cenls, duty would be twenty-five per ccn .; at six cents a yard, the duty would be one hundred and Glty per cent; and if Ihe price dccendcd to one cent a yard, then tne 3, 1846 duly would be nine hundrcd per cent ! The poor mau robbed, plundered and oppreesed byaduty ofnine hundred per cent.. simplv because he gets a yard ol cotlon goods for one cent a yard! Let the manufacturer run up the price to thirly-tix cents nguin, nnd tne oppression is all over: the duty ol nine cents a yard falfs instnnlly to twenty-five per cent., a moucrate revenue duly. lo more complaint,these friends ofthe 'poor man' are perlectly eatisGed. buch was the practical onerations of thcse odious minimums, which had reduced ihe poorman's cotlon goods from tweniy-fiveand thirly cents pcr yard to six and eight cents. Yet this wae the syslem which must be giv en up; this was the operation which was eo oppressive and so unconslitutional that ii must be sutlered to cxislno lontrcr upon our statute book ! The duly was to be taken ofl" the foreign goods, and pnt upon Americnn manufacturcs; such was ihe doctrinc of ihis reporl. He referred to a tablc which had been re- porled io the House last session, by Ihe Com miltee ol Wayaand Means, lor liie purpose of showing ihe enormous tax which was im- poscd by thesystemofminiOTnw; but when the Secretary, by the assislance ofthe hon orable chairman of Ihc commit'.ee ofWays and iMcans, was prcpaung wilh great labor and pains Ihis document, he sccmcd lo forgct that he was at ihc same momcnt furnishing mnlhemaiical proofof Ihe cxnct exlcnt to whicn proleclion had reduced pnccs. liy convening specific into ad valorem dutics, thc duty runs up prccisely ats the price runs down; so, by showing an increased rale of duty, ihc ge'nileman have only shown reduc ed prices. TL he duty is fixed, and cannot vary. The ad valorem dutics are always the Batne. iNone were imposcd by Ihctunlt ol la42, n bove 50 per cent. How then, does !he Prcs idcnl, in his mcsEage, get dulics of 200 cts? This only can he done by convcrling the 9)eciic dutics into ad ralorem dulics ; and when Ihi? is donca high duly onlyshows n Iow price. If Ihc duly is200 per cent., the prices mnstbeone fourlh only of the duty. Thus we are tohl that the glass pays thc c normous duly of 200 pcr ccnL; and why? Bccausc thc duly is four dollars pcr box, and the price two dollars pcr box; but if the glass went down to $1 pcr box, the duty would he 4C0 per cent. Thus wc are told hy Ihe Secrctary ofthe Trcasury,and the Chair man of Ihe Commiitcc of Ways and Mcans. thnt Ihe penple paid inolla lax ofeighly fourmillions, of uhich but Iwcniy-sevcn weni to the govcrnment. nnd fifiy feven lo ihc manufaciurcrs; and ho gavc a list of sixty or sevcnty nrlicles ou which thc duly amountcd lomnre ihan a hundrcd pcr cent. Vcry well; and what did this provc? Why,timply ihat ihe prices of those nrlicles had bccn greaily diminished, as in Ihe case of coltons. The same duty which, when levied had bcen but 23 pcr cent, had now bccomc 150 per ccnl.. simply bccnuse Ihat thc price had gone down lo one-4lh or part of what it was." So Ihe main resull afnll Ihc lalior and ciphering a'. ihc chairman ofthe Commiitcc ofthe Ways and Mcans had bccn to furnish to ihc whole counlry oflicial dcmon&lration ihat prices had bccn reduced by a proteclive tnrifT to onc-4thorone-filih ol what they had bcen in 1S10. Take a plain illuslralion ; thc tnrifl imposcd a duly of four ccnli per Ih. on nnilf; ihe price ol nails in 1819 had bcen 16 cenle pcr Ih.; so that the duly ihcn wns 23 per cenl on thc price; but ihc samc duly, wc are leld iu Ihis report. is 100 per cent; and how so? Cecaute thc price had Hillen from 1G io 4 ccnts pcr ponnd. Very oppressive on ihe 'poor man,' who Ihushns lo rny 100 pcr cent upon nails! The cxplannlinn of this was all pcrfcclly plai.i and easy. Thc eflecl ofconipclilion and nf Amcrican industry had increased ihc supply. in ihis as in all olher cascE, had reduced thc price ofcotlon, glasf itc., whilsl it had rcndcrcd ihc wholcncigh borhood jirnsperous hy the increased dc tnnnd for all ihc productioiisof ihe former. Mr. Sicwarl thankcd the chairman ol'tlx Commilccol Ways nnd Mcans for his doru mcnt; it had lirn:slicd In him and to Ihe counlry undeniablc pro'if,lhehighest nulhnr ily, to what an extcnt prices had bcen reduc ed, insomuch that Ihc duly on the arliclc. thottL'li rcasonablc al firl, had now riscn to threu hundred and cighly ninc per ccnl ad ralorem, brouirht about solely by ihe reiluc- lion of ll;e i.rice. Mr. S. defi-d escape from ihis pssition. Let any gcntlemaii lake thc reporl and cxaminc it, and thc more they ex- amine the more they would ne convinced ihat this wasa true cxplanaliou oi ihe whoir mattcr. Yet this was held forlh for thc pur nose ol excilinz alarm: it furnishcd a lopic for popular dcclaralion, it might pcrsuade the 'poor man' inat ue was grea'iy oppres eed, bccnuse hc paid a lax of two hundrcd pcr cent. on his window-glass : and he per hans wouIJ not understand ihat if glass fcll lo a dollar a box. he would be taxed four hundred pcr cenl or if by any improvcmcnl in ihe manufaclure he should be cnablcd to get his glass at fifiy ccnts a box, why ihen hc would be paying ihe enormous unheard of tax or eight hundred per cent. This same poorman' ofthe Secrctary somelimes want cd to buy a few nails, and the Secretary alarmed him hy thc intelligence thal nails were. taxed ahundred percenL on Ihcir val ue. So they were; but what did he pay for lliem? He used to pay sixtecn cents a pound, but Ihis wicked oppressive tnrifT had brouahl them down lo four ccnls Now who did not see that a specific duty of fourc.cnte a pound on nails amounted toa hundred per cenl, should nails be brought down to a cenl a pound, ihc duly would be four hundrcd per cent? What an oppression to get nails at a penny a pound ! Surely the 'poor man' was likely to be utterly crushcd and ruincd. Mr. Stcwart procecded to point out some olher extraordinary doctrines ofthe Report, and especially, requesled attention to the project of laying exercise on Americati man ufactures 'a plan which might not inaplly be termed a plan to manufaclure 'poor men.' Such would be its practise resnli, and there was no escap ing iu' Another extract is all we have room for: Tlin Spr.rpi.n-v nf ihe treasurv had made other very wondcrful discovcris in finance. What did he tcll us 'Jxjtenence jiraves tliat.as a'trcneral rule. adulv ofuenyper.ci; ad valorem will yield the largest revenue. Yes.cTnerifnce proved that an nd valorem duty of twenty per cent wouhlyield Ihegreat est amount of revenue. Twenty per. cent yield the greatest revenue ! Why, what was Ihe great broad, univereally-known experi ence ofthe country? AVe had a larifT of twenly per cent ia "1741 '2, and what was our revinue. Not one-half of what it was now. 1 he whole amount of revenue from imports was then about thirteen millions, and this year it wasabouttwentysevenmillions Was thirteen more than twenty seven? If so, the Secrc tary is right; if not he was wrong. And what was the effectof their twenly per cent horj- NUMBER 40. zontal duty? Underils operation the coun try wae prosirated, the government itsell was bankrupt,and thepeople were lil'le better. Yet ihis man could say, in the facc of ihcse well known facts, and of the Aruerican peo ple, any one of whom knew better, that an average duly of twenly per cent yielded the liighest amount of revenue. Thc Secretary had even gone fariher yet than ihis; in hi famous circular hc had assumed that tvceltc and a half 'pcr cenl horizonlal was the true revenue siandnrd. Some Western scribbler Jiskei' him, through the press, how much rev enue J3 1 2 per cent would givc on one hun drcd millions of imports? (thnt being more ihan the avcragc amount.) Thc answer musl bc twelve and half millions; then deduct three and a half million;. thc expcnse or col lection. and but ninc millions ol nct revenue would be left lo pay twcntj six millions of expendnurea io niake un the revenue: you must add more ihan one hundrcd millions to our imports, while your wnoic spccic has never been esiimated at more than eighty five millions; then all your specie goes for your hrst year and where will you get mon ey for the nexl year? These quesiions be ing raihertroublcsome; were never nnswer ed. The truth was, that thc revenue icsulted from the larifT, nnd followed it. When ihc tariff wns low thc revenue was Iow, when ihc tarifTwtis hinh, ihc revenue was liiah. That had bccn thc unifonn cxpcrieiicc of thc country, and he challcnged gcntlemen to show the contrary. Ilmustbeso; it could not be othcrwise. And why tsecause thc rcsullofproteclion was to make the people rich, and laking olf protcction made thcm poor. When the pcople were ncn, the treas ury was full; ns the counlry bccnme poor, thc treasury was impoverished. Thc rondi tionofihc treasury was in fiict, a poliiical thermomcler, to tcst thc prrspcrily of thc counlry. Acconlmg lo the nniounl pros perilv. eo would the revenue cvcr bc found. When men were impoverished, could they purchasc goods Ircelv7 Ccrtianly not. When prosperous, their wivcs and dauhlcrs could purchasc costly clolhing nnd rich lur niiure, and ihen many goods were always imnorlcd. isut when Ihc counlry wns im povcrished, men would wcar Ihcir old coato, their wivcs and daughlcrs stavcd at home and mcndcd them, mcrchanls could not ccl money lo import goods, and ihe treasury was impoverished. Undcr the conipromisclnw thc duties ran down till ihey reached the. point of twenty pcr cent; Ihen was the gcnteman's Utopia; ihenaccorduig to ihc becrelary, Ihe reven ue ought to havc bccn abundant; bul who had vetforffotten, or could ever forgcl, what had bccn then thc condilion of the treasury, and of ihis enlirc nation? Tho trcaFury was so pcrfect hy bankrupt ihat it could not borrow one hundrcd dollars. The stalcs were every where repudiating their dcbls. and the nalional character Iay prostralc and bl. cdmg. That was the condnion,and every hodv knew it, lo which the twenly per cen laritf had brorght this land , and yet at this day ihe firsl fiscal oliiccr of thc government had thc front to recommcnd a return to thal slatj oflhin'TE. In our great huir.ilialion and distrcss ih larifrof'42cnmein likc a dclivcring ansel it raised and reslorcd Ihe revenue ; it rcplcn ishcda .amisheil Ireasury: it brought repu dialionintn disrcpulc; it made a bankrupt Inw usclcss; in n word, fc slruck thc whole rountry ns wi'h n wnnd ol an cnchanlcr and bron 'hl bickplenly, and crcdit, and cn lcrprise. and hope, nnd public characler. Why, then ilislurb it? What mifchiel had it ilone? The Sccrelary depreoateil agitn- lion. but who agitaled thc country? It wns the secretarv himsell nnd his friends. Thc friciidit ofr.roter.lion cvcry whcrc cried out 'Givc Ihccoiuilrvrcynonse,' Givc ihc countrv prosperiiy aud pcare ululcr thc larifT as il is 1 Thc hour here cxpired, thc ChairmanV hamnicr lell. and iMr. blcwart rcsumcil w s.-at. 33 Mr.CuiPiiAN. Rcprcsenlaiive in Con gress Irom Michi-ran, ecciiis lo bc a vcry honcst "Dcmoernt."' It wns ihis gcnlleman who remarkcil, in thc coursc of debate, will great trulh nni' singnlar ingeniousncss, thnt fc.occATin. ji at nvrrimA Xe.Tiocuci.' A pnlcnt bul honcsl admiion. Truth, likc murdcr. icillom.' Eduralioii is death to Locofocoism Where iirnornnce pervadcn ihc masses moslihoroughly.lhcrc Locofuco- ism rcaps ils richcst harvcsls. Tiie DtsTA.vcr to Onsco.v. It is a sail of 15,000 milcs from N. York lo Ihe mounih ofihc Columbi.i rivcr, by ihc way ol Cnpc Horn. Thc d islanrc hv land is about 3,700 milcs. A ship canal lo Pnnamn, cut through ihe Islhmus of Panama, which is only 37 miles woufd save 8000 milcs of the 15 000 or more Ihan one half. Itisnuiten step to Orcgon, amjvcay. THE NORTHERN RA1L ROAD. Wc were informcd last weck by the Prcsi- dent of thcNorlhen orLebanon Rnil Roail Company. ihat ihere were now emptoyed on inal Koau uu men. i nc wom is goiug ahead iust right. This week Ihey intended lo nul in operation a Slcnm Kngine ol tre mendous powcr. This they are to use to root throu!ih hills. It is Eeiit up to a hill, and the shovcl altachcd to it is pushed mlo itand loaded, and off it gocs lo the place where thc dirt is to be depositcd. This road it is anticipaied, will be com plelcd in lliccourse ofa year ora little more from Concord to the mouth of While Rivcr: and should the New Hampshire Legislaturc grant a charler for a branch from Canaan to Ihe Orford Bridge, the same Comoraiion will build ihe bMnch asa part of ihe Northen Road we. supposc. The distance is 17 milcs. Should Ihc aforesaid Legislaturc refuse such a charler, Ihe means ivfll he furnished to carry the Connecticut and Passumpsic road from the point where il is now surveyed Orford Bridge down to ihe mouth of White River. This however, will not be done. at present, unless N. Hampshire Ehould by refusinsr a proper chartcr to the Northcrn Road to buifd the branch compel the Con necticut and Passumpsic Corporation lo do it. There will he soon, however, a road running down the whole valley of Ihe Con necticut and exlend to N. York City. ff?' The St. Louis American speaks of 18,000 Germans.supposed tobeon their way from New Orleans to that city, many, if not most of them, sent out from prisons and noot-houses bv authority ; and that double this number were expecled at New Orleans within thicty days. " Will tbe country (ii savs bear this foulinsult?" Late accounts from Texas speaks of a vaft accumulation tbero ofthe" oppressed" of the old world! TiLE GALiHY, rnSLISIIEIf tVERT TDKSDAT ilbtl$tii9 IX STEWARX'S BtJItDLCS,- BY JUSTUS COBB', BT WHOJt iLL OREXn 70 K TRtKltHS HAMDBILLSj Cnrtijs, Of cvcry dcscriptiou will bc nently aficf f ishionably executed. at short notice. MR. GIDDINGS SPEECH. We pnhlish the fnllnwing speech of Mr. Gr not 66031150" wc atfopt all ihe opiniorfs con lained in it, or would wish to nitncss the ra-1 pine and bloodshed which must result front war, even thougfr it should free t"nc"country from slavcry, aud be a jttst rctribuiion lo ihe Soulh for convening the union which our forcfathers foundcd ipto a new slaveholding coufederation. Vct, inthis speech, Mr. Cit dings hasrapt the knucklcs of slavcry just as it should be dorfe. Wc know there are somc even among whigs who, taking cnnncif of iheir fcafti arp inclined to parlcy with ihe raok-sccnted evt ofslavery. Hut Mr. (iiddiogs is not rmong thcse craveus. He calls things by thcir right nnmes. Ile movcs straight fonfanf with an eloquencc justly iucensed against atl al nriA' nation which is rncking our social fjl.'ric fo its vcry fouiidations. Should all nnr Menl- bers of Congress who think wiih Slr. Gid dings speak out as boldly against the wrongs ofslavery, especially lowardsthe pen !e of ihe North, it seems asifthe black ir.i nster would mnch sooner yield nlsgnisfi up ii tho very vitals of the repuldic. Iu ihis s eech Mr. G. boldly prcscn's in ihcir true ligrt ihe motives and policy pursued bj ihc Pnttt'iir ihcir annexation ofTcxas. All mnl rgreo wilh Mr. G., ihat since ihc pidicy of I r'ng ing forcisn territoryjnlo the union I:a bctTI adopted to streiigtiicd thc sfavc? poncr, 0 g'.iould have ?11 ofOregonj as clahnei!. cbrrt-' prchcndiug thc North of Mexico and C.ilifor tiia. to counlcibal.iiice il. SPKECII OF Mr- fiinDl.VGS- Thc followin is ihc Spcech of Mr"' Gid- dings ou the Oresoii qucslinti. Mr. O'iddinge said ihat owing to ihc (.'ill- cnlty which he h.ul eipericnced hertnfi i obiainin? Ihe llnor. he was indivccd lo in arail himself ofhis present position to iii.lican ihe conjiiler.itioii ihat would govcrn him iu voting; orthe resolution icpor'ed ffoii th C'om mitteeon Foreign AflVirs li is i!ue to ni self(said Mr. Giddinss) lo say, ihat. iu a forracr Congress. I was opposcd to terniinar-' ting the joint occnpancy of Oregnn. Tfrai votc was given underlhecircumstauces uliicli thensurruundcd us. Now we are placed in a tntally ilifTerrnt position. S.nce ihis snh ject wns bcforc us our Union has bcen changcd, in its esscntial rfcmcnt?-, ard iii fundainental principlcs have hcen nver thrown. The Uiiinii foiiiuled hv our father has bccn subverted, aml a new slaveh'ddiir confedcracy has ben fnrmed, giving lo tho Southcru portion the balance ofpoufer", anrl siibjeciiiiK Ihc free labor of thc north, thc dearccl rights ofthe free statcs, tojhc fuilei incrcies of a slaveholding orig.trcffy. They now havc ihe enlirc dirrction nf thc gnvern ment. The pcopfe' nf the' free st.itcs hate becn polilically bonnd hand nnd foot. nmldc livercd over to the sJjveholding intcresf. aiuV it is now worse than mockery lo talh' u( maintaining thc maHnfiicturiiig interc?,., nf PctiiKylvaiiia or ofNcw Engl.uiil. Th-y are now undcr llicinexnrabtc powcr ofthe Sou lr.' This. then, is our Mitiatioti, ns wc are af perfccily conscious. The uation has lini' plmigril w itliout my aid into this ennditiun and az:iiut my will. I have bcfieved and ttill bclicvr. that this policy of acquiriiiK tcr rilory mtiit incviiably. if carried nnt, suliverf ihe gnvprnment aud dissnlve the Union. Mr. Chipmancalled irr. Giddings-to artfer'.-, and was undcrstsod to say tluf lo speak of hc dlssthnion of thc Umbn was irrelcvat., aud was ihrowing a fire-br.ind into thc House. Mr. Giddings prorecded. I was siaiing our present situaliou, and ihe liabihty nf this new L''iion to f.dl asunder from jla own wcighf. hcn this syslcia of extension shall hc carried out. Arid il is undcr these cir- cumstanccs ihat I am callcd to express my opinion ofihe prnpsed policy. 1 am Ird lo' thc conchision, lo the iirejislihle com'ojirt' thal war, wilh all its horrnrs. and its deiMsta lion of public morals, i infinitclv preftralde' io a supine, itiaclivr sulunissinu to the slavc1 . . .... hulding pouer. Ihai to ennlrul Ibiy, i:ano-. if lefl in ils present situation. Iwishtobc d:stmcily undcrtanil ll nt 1 have seen cnoujh of war to hirm an iij iiui li f its ell'ecls. ils miscries, and ihe ex:mi of us curse. Yet. sir. I creatlv prefer them. for a few years, to ihc quiet apalhy hich has alrcady suhjectcd us io a ruangc oi iuc guci nir-t formed hv our laliiers. Hcrc I will takeoccasion lo say ihat 'ihfTcr from my vencniMe fticnd from Massacltiisciis as to ihc probabiliiy ofwar. I am of n inum thatif we takel.le nhole ol urrgon i: wui nrodure war. I sav this, alihough 1 hac' heretnfore. in ninc rass out of tcii, fuui.d myself mislaken when I have difTered from thatvencrablestalesinan. The consequances of a war have not escapcd my consideinlioot It mustineitably produce great dcsirnctioii othe commercial npahh of New Englandl Here let me say to thc geulleman from Mas .raeliusclts. (Mr. Winlhroii) who the other dai inadeso eloquent an nppcaHh fav"8rnf peace, and who reprcsenls liie commcrcM' interests of that state, that V fully apprecinte his inotives aud feelings:- But, sir. this situ- ation is one of his ow'n choice. He was a mong the first disttnguished men ol that who gave in his adhcrance to tne cw-of - 20vernr.int. anu ine leauing coamerciaI men of Uoslon were the first in tbt state to. eclare iheir stibiius.'ioii to this jew slnrchnl ing confederalion with Ttys This w one with a full knowledge ofthe polirv which had beeo adoptc4'of extending our ter- itory. ihat state had declared ber reople- undcr no onhgation to uuite nitb 1 exas u conscqueni.e nfaiiy actiu ofCungrcss. f' then helJ, and slill hold. that iheaciion afihe government itnposed r.o obligation upon any state, euher poliiical or moral tn enter miu. tbis new confederacy. No, sir. if she rine into it, as she will. it will be the chcice of jiir people. and uot from any obligation rrsting; pon her by reason of ihejiint rcsolutions f Congress. And if my colleagues coinci- ded with me in opinion, no Represenlatirc- from Ohio would retain a seai in this Iiall be side tbose of Texas, uponsuch-terms as havrt been Imposed upon us. But ihcgFntlemrn from Maiaachtisetts voluntarily prelerrnl in have his siale become a party tr this ne;v- Union. I hepe the people of that old Cem monwealth did net tntend, in going into it.