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EDITOR A.ND PROPRIETOR. TE RM3 "fJF ENTH "V O LUM E . rilUje iubscriber, I..I1 t.itltcrri1ifrit- . S2, ndiviJuals and Companies who take at tbe office l'75or 1 50 cents ifpaid in six montiis. fhofe who take of l'oslriders . . ,S2 . If nnr naid at llipitntl ofthe vear 2. 25 00 Nn nntvri discontinued until arrearaees are pa id excentatlhe option ofthe proprietor. Nocontract with, or paymer.t made to Carriers cnth.keepi x odizrwue allowed except assented io uj tbe coininnnication j mustbe adtlressed totliee t Pot Paid. ed MSCELLMEOIJS. TO THE ATJTUMN FOREST- BV WILLIAM J. P.tEODIE. ResplcnJenlhues are thine ! Triumphant beanty glorions ai briefl Burdening uiihlore the heart's purc shrine, Til! t cars afibrd relicf. What tho' ihy depthsbe hushed ! More d'-quent in brealhless silence thou, Than whcn the music of glad son gsleis gushed From every green-robed bough. Gone from thy walks the flowers! Thou askest not their forms thy rath 10 floclc The dazzling radiance of these sanlit bowers Their hues could not bedeck. I love thce in the Sprng, Earih-crowning foresl! wlicn amid thy shades The gentlc South first waves hcrodorous wing, And joy fills all thy glatles. In the hot Summer timc, Wilh deep delisht thy sombre aisles I roam, Or, soothed by some cool brook'sdelicious cliime, Reat on thy verdant loam. nntO, when Autumn's hand Hath markcd thy bcauliousfoliageforthegravc, How doth ihy iplendor as cnlranccd I stand, My willing heart cnslave ! I linger then with tliec, Like ?me fond lover o'erhis stricken bridc ; Whose bright unearthly beauty iclls thMshe Ilcre may not long abidc. When mv last hours are comc, Great God! ere yet life'aspan shall all bc filled, And these waim lips in dcath beevcrdumb, Thit bcaling heart be otilled, Hilhethouii hucsa-; blest L?t gl:am- uf Hcaven al-out my sfiiit play : So sliall my soul to its eternal res', In glorv pass away. Our. Ilr.voMjTMSAiir Sirks. Alexander II.Minllim was h.irdly of nse when lie hegan in play his parl in llie awful drama of llic lleviilnlion, being unly Iwentywhcn he was taken into llie fatnily f llie Couiiiiandrr-in-Chicf, w'uli the rnuk f Lieutcnant-Coloncl : Beiijaiuin Franklin was fil'iy-iiii.e belore he hrgaii to bc hrar.l -if; .S.iuiucl Adams forty Imir; Jaines Otis thiity-cight; John Ailani-ihirty-five, Jujeph.Q.uiucy forty: John Han cock thirty-eight; and Tlu-mas JefTiTS'in thirty-two hefure iliry wcrc dest'uiguishcd. And io with allacloriof the ac. Thcy mcre full growu men workingineii ripcned illi tuil, and strcngihenitis by long liabils ol odiicalion aii.l sclf dependencc. Washing ton was!.i surteyor, nndin after lifo a ftrmer. r ir.-iiv) ilrni-n muse liis nraise M Knox u-:i :i hnnk binder and siationcr. lilr"aii. M....riliin.innfiK.l iva! adrovtr: Tarlton sit Irnin liim a lcctnre nn tliat suhject. (Iieeu was a ll:ick?miih, and wtilialt a Qnk rr, alh'cit thrniih all Iiis nutlicrn campaimif mii.1 particularly at the hutniv rinss lu init itrilis nntward ninn. Arnold. (I ask pardoti for uaming liim in such compaiij) was a roccr and provision smre wccper ni Xew-Ilaven. wher hia sign is still to be seen ihe s.-ime that decorated hii sliop uoor beorc thp reviihit:on. Uaies, 'who opcneil Durgoyne's eycstn the r.in ili.it hi ronld not inarch thruush ihc Uniied Stalos with 5000 mtn. wns a 'rcular suldicr,' lim afn-r llie rcvolntioii a f.irmer. Warren, martyror Buiiker 1111. was .t pliysi fin ninl boiiatcd not lo exliibit to h'ts CCUII- irymcnaBplendiil example of the nianner in ,. Ampriraii nlivsiciaii3 should piaclice when called on by their couulry. Mariou, Ohl Fox,' of the Soulh ras a cow boy, Sumplerthe fishling-cock' Soulh Carolinian was a shepherd's boy". Let it be forcvcr re- incm'iered that llie men ol llie rcvoiuuon uprn i-irkino mra. lliose of Xew Eticlaud ospecially. Green, (as we havo slatedi was si lilacUmuh; Franklin, a pnnter; noger KhrriTnii. hnpiiiakRf. and Putnam. Slark, nnil Allcn were farmers, not a man of:hcm ; 1 1 1 aliove his husiness, or aMinmcd ol 1ns call Thry were tinkers, and tailors, and coblers what then ' Were they not patriois ! Were ihey not vrlr Tiie Gheat WlLOCnNESS ok Nnw Yohk, says the llhaea Chronicle, is an im meiise plauteau ofland, clevaled more than 1,100 leel above.lnc iitic, anu occupres.iw" irnl Doiiion between llie Canada line on ihe North, and Mohawk on the Soulh the ChMiuil.m valley on the East, anu L.aKe Onlario on tne west, fl co vcrs an area ofROOO pquarc miles; "cqua! to thc wholeoi Massachusc'.ts and n corner ol llhode Island. The Adirondac mountains are the crowmng suminiU or the great up lilt. and Tahawua or Marcy.the monarcho the whole, his brow o rock just on the boun dary ol Eternal Frost. You enter this saT age region by Lake Champlain lo West p jrt or Keesevillc or from thc Soulh more readilv bv Caldwell to Schroon Lake, and Portsville. thence to Lorin Lake or ihe Iron Works. In this uninhabited Jerritory are 100 lakes of from one to twenty miles in leneth jome renosin" in thenerpelualshade of interlooking mountains, olhers flashing hke silvcr mirrors in quiet valleys, and all oi them ahve with ihe hnest hsh. Strcams un numbered lean from ihe rocky flanks of Iofty hights, and dash ofloceanward bencath the fohage of a priroeval loresL In these the the speckled troutdart in shoals, and bound lo the surface loward evening, as if in perfeci frolic. Through the mounlain gorges stray the sullen hear and lawnv moose, while the beautilul deer feeds along thesolitary waters and the panlher screams in the langled thick et. From Tahawus and Whiteface you can swcep a circle of 500 miles in circumferenee itnd all an ocean of. mountains, holding in their embrace nearly 30 visible lakes, When Americans learn to respect them felves. in the true sense of the word, we shall hear more of the unrivaled scenrry, and no longer be charged with scrvile irnitation in tasle and custom. A wound from the tongue is wre than a wound from a sword, for the latler af fcetsthe bodr, the former, the spirit the iiul. Volume XI. THE DEATH OF D10G. BT T. J. IIEADLT. Nanoleon's creat rcisfortune, ihat which wounded him deepest, was the death ofhis friend Duroc. As he made a last elTort to break tbe enemy's ranks, and rode again to ihe advanced posls to direct ibe movemeuts ofhis army, one ofhis escorts was sudden lv struck clead by hisside. Turning to Du roc, he said, 'Duroc, fate is detertnined to have one of us to-day.' boon after, as he wns ridiug wilh his suitcia a rapid trot alone the road, a cannon ball sinolc a trce beside him. and glancing, struck Gcn. Kirgener dcad,and tore out the entriils of Duroc. Na poleon was ahead attbe time, and his suite, iour abnast, bebind him. The cloud ofdust hat their rnpid movements raised about hem, prerenied him from kcotring a firsl who was struck. Cul whcu it toldhim hat Kirrencr tras killed aud Duroc woun ded, hc dismouutcd and looked lous aud slrrnlv at ihe batiery from which the shut had beeu ured ; ihcu turneu lowards Ihe cottag-e iuto which the wounded marshal had been carried. Duroc was sraiid marshal of the palacc ml ihe hosom fricud ofthc Emperor, Of a uoble aud sencrous characler, of uushaken nlegrity aud pamolism, and finn as sleel in the hour uf daner, he was beloved by all ivlioktiew liim. J ticrc was a jentlcness bout him aud purity of feeling, ihe lifc of a amp could uever dcslrov. Napoleon lovcd him for through all the changes of his tu mulluous life, hc had ever fouud his affec- itm aud iruth ihe same and it wtsswiihau nxious heart aud sad counteuance be en- tered the luwly cottage where hc lay. His yes werchlled wilh tears ashc asked if thcre was hope. When told that there was none, hc adranccd to thc bcdside witbout sayiug a word. The ilymjr marshal seized him by the hand and said 'My whole life has been eou- ecraleu lo your service, aud uot tny only regrel is, that I can no lungcr be useful tu on. 'Duroc!' replied iSapoleon, with a vnicc chnked wilh grief, 'there is anothcr lifc there you will await nic, aud we shall meet agniu. 'les-sir, replied the raintin: ufTercr, 'hnt thinv ycars shall ilrst pass awav, when you nill have triutnphed over jour encmies, and realized all the hopes ol our couutry. 1 have endeavorcd to be au houcst inati ; 1 have tioihmg wnli which o rrproach inysi'lf.' He then added, witha fallcring vntce, 'I have a daughtcr your uaiestv willhc a father to her.' Napoleou sraspcd Iim righi hand, and sitlini; duvt n by ihe bedside, and lcaning his head 011 his lefl hand, remnined with il iscd eyes-a quirter of ni hour in pfnlouud silence. -Uuroc firsl poke. Seeiti how decply Bonaparie was uioveJ, be excl.iimed, 'Ah ! sirc, lcav& tne ; his spectacle painsyuu. The stricken Em peror rose, aud lcauiii" un the anns of his equrry and marshal Hoult, he lcft thc apart- uient, saying, in licart-breakiug tones as hc .vent. 'rarbuell, tueu, my Irieiul. Thc hot pursuit he had direcled a momenl before was forsorten rittor'.es, trophies. pnsoners and a.l, snnk iu'o uiter wonhlesv ih?', aud as thc hattlc ol Aspern.w lien Lian' ii -ss was brouht to him monally wounded no lor"ot eveti his armv and the great inter- osts at stake. He onlercd his tent to be pilcheil near thc cullac invthirh his friend was dying, aud enteiiug it passfd the aight ill aloue ni inciiiMil.ible grief. Ihe Imperi- il Guard fnrtued their prolecting sqiiaics, as usual around him, aud the fiercc tumult tf ihehatlle gavc way to one ofthemost touch- mgsceues in Instory. 1 wih"ht was deep oning over llie field, and the heavy tread ol ihe ranks cmtig to their bivouars, ihc lun ruinliling of artillery nagons in thc distancr. itid all thc subducd, yet confused sonuds of imglily nosts about smking lu repose, rose .m tne cvciiins air. iinpdrtiug still greater so leinnily lo Ihe luiur. Napoleon, wilh lu: cloak wrappcd about him, his elbows nn lii" knces, and his furehcad rrstin" ou his hands sn apart from all. buriod in thc profouudcst mcla: cholv. His most ir.tuuate lnenus dared not approach him and his favorite of- hccisslood in groups atadistance. gnzing tuxioiisly ou that silcnt tcnt. liut immciisc consequenccs weie hanging on the move ineut of the fullcnvini; morning a powcrful eneniy was near, with their array pet unbro ken anu tliy at leniitli ventureu to ap proach and nsk lororders. liut thebroken hearted chieltain only shook his head, cx claiiuin;, 'Kvcry thing to-morrow!' and still kept !iii inournlul attitude. Oh, how over whelm.ing w.13. the ciief that could so maslcr that stern heart J The iuaguificeut sprcta- cle ol tne il.iy had passed, the glonous vic tory he had nnn was remerahered no more and he saw only his dyine fiiend before him io sobs es caped him, but silent and motion Ies' he sat, his palhd face huried in his hauds, and his noblc heart runjr wilh asnny Darkuess drew her curtain over the scene. and ihe stars came out one after another up- on tlie skv, aud, ai loucth, the moon rose above the hills, halhing in her suft heams the tented host, while thc tlaiiies from the buruin; villagesiu the distauce, shed a lurid h"ht the cloom and all was sad, mouruftil yet sublime. There was a darkcotlase with the sentiuels at tue door, in whicli Duroc lay dvine' aud there, too, was the solitary teulnf Napoleou, and within, the howed form of the Emperor. Around it, at n dis tance, stood thc squnrcn of thc Old Guard, tud nearer by, a silent zroiip of cbieftiaus, and oytr all lay the inooulichr. Those brave ioldieri, filled with rief to see their beloved chief boroe down with such sorrow, stood for a lotig tiuie aileut and tearful. At length, lo break the luournful silence, and to express inesjmpainy tliey mi-ht not speak.the band sirutn uj a rcquiem iur ihe dying marsnni The inelancholy strains arose and fcll in prolougcd echoesover the field, and sweptin soiemn caacnces ou tne ear ol the laint tng warrior but still Napoleon moved uot Theycbanged the measme to a triumphant strain, aud the tbrilhng trumnets breated forth the most joying notes, till the heavenc rune with the melody. bnch bursts of mu ic had welcomed Napoleon as hc returned flushed with victory, till his eyes kindled wilh exultation ; butnotv tbey fellonadull and hslless ear. It ceased, and again th moiirnfi'l nquiem filled tbe air. But noth- ing could arouso him from bis aconizing re flection his friend lay dying, and ihe heart he loved more than his life .was tbrobbing its last pulsatinns. Wbat a theme for a painter, and what an euology on Napoleon was tbet scene. That noblsbeart. which the enmity oftheworld could not shakenor thc terrors ofabattle- field move from its calm reposo nor eveu ihe batred and iusults of his at last victorious Middlebury, eoenies bumble bere sunk in tbe moment of victory before the lide of afTcction. What militarv chieftain ever mourned tbus onthe fleld of victory, and wbat soldiera ever loved a leader so 1 Correspondence of the Christian Freeman. Bro. Cobb, Haviug in Previous letters. givenyou a brief description ofths different secU exlant io this cily, I proceed to say, that New Londonhasbad the honorofgivingrise to one seci, at Ieast, which, while it had a naine to live, made no small stir in this re- ion, It has, bowever, dwiudled, uuhke its more favored sisters in strangeness and va gary, till, at the presenttime, l know not of any that hear the name, thodgh pcrchauce, there are soroe here, and cven in vour otrn viciuity, wbo are swayed by ihe notions to which its inembers hold. 1 he sect was called the 'Itogerines." in honor of a Mr. John Rog ers. its renowned fouuder. This Mr. Rogers was not the fainous divine, who, as the priin- er used tngay, was buined at the stake, in Smithfield, Eugland, in Quceu Mary's r. igtt,' huta verilable cilizcu of New Lundnn, in Connecticut; a State uhere, damc ruuior hath il, thiTf have been made suudry diicov erics, of prohably about as rnucli utiliiy. as were the vagaricsol the scc afursaid, .m llie shapc oficuoden nutmegs; bassicood ciicum- bei sceds; sole leathcr pea-nuts; xc. &c. Jlnwever, ihe said Kogers succeeued, il ni uothiug else. iu oblAining foi his nainc a nitche in thetemple of ptrnetuily : for il, and some account of his sect. have been chroni cled in 'Uarher's Historical Culleclions of Connecticut.' Ofthc distinguished scutitnculs oi this new world refurmer, I have to reuiark,that he, and his fullowers, seemed to bc friends ol the verv 'larstil libcrty,' for they uot ouly insis- ted on ihe libcrty of eujoying their oim failb and practice in llicir oun way, but also the libcrty of iuterfering, whensvcr they saw fn, with ihe hberties oi olhers who supposed themsclves eutitlcd to the same rijhts. A leadin; idea with them was, that tbe day now held br Christians ivasnot thc true Sabbatb, or appoiutcd time for woiship; they holding to theobservanceol CjatuTday, anu so, nuiie ihey refused to mcet for religiousdevotiou on Sunday. thcy teligiously chose to go where otheis did mect, and hoth men and women, nearly, or quite naked, interrupt, and Uisiurb those who did tbus meet for worship. They would sometimes break in abruptly upon the discourses of the preacher, and donouuce it. and the whole coucern, as ridiculous aud blas- phemiug; and wilh loud talk, and buiatrrous action, they would try to drown his voice, and bring coufusiuti to reign paramouut a iiik'st ihe puriianic worshippers. Now, when their disturbing conduct became past enduring and rcmonstr.incc and cntrealy failcd to iu- duce them to desist, it was soinctimcs the case, that ihe tgthing-man would attompt to eiect them, 'rieei tmnica.' when instautly, a la Father Lampson, of vour coodly ciiy of notions, they would loosc tbe strcnglh ol evciy inember ol tlieir bodies bul tlieir oreain ihS apparaius aud their tongucs, aud would be borue in true non-resistancc' style frmn the place of worship, liurhnz the veactjul tceapons of denuuciation and detraciion with a lapulity and velocily that wouio pui a rrg- ular 'icar-messagc' to thc blush lor iis tainc ness. The members of ihis sect.disrcgarding 'hc cnmmon Chris'ian Sabbath as a day nf reli i iiis d.'votion would. of course, pursue their; orJinary buMness and laburon that day, and as they were uoulillcss conjcieniious, iins might have bem pardoncd ! But llien, in be getiuinespiritof many would-be-tefiTiners, in their zcal for the goo'd of man, thcy lost all charily, and even all scnse of jnslice betwern man and man; aud woe bc lo ibe one who would uot labor when they labored, whether he dceined it right r ivroiic! llence they would lake unwearied pains to need a neigh borlv johdone on the Sabbath, and repair lu ihe iionse ofsome oue tvhomthey had reason to suppose was peacefully regardful of that day, aud would tbus plead, and then threateti to inducc him to work, and if he icoitld not, then, fortunate indeed was the individual if he rscnpcd harui, either iu husiness or repu latioii! Indeed. ifwc were bchevcrs in the Pylhagcriau uoliou cf Mtlcnqisijcosis ire should encline to the opinion that ihe spiiiis. ol the Rogeiioes ofi-Mer time in New Lon dou, had taken possesMon of the Comtoutcr iles of tho prcscnt day, and that iu ihc laltcr, the essenlial clcnienls of forincr by llie tnov ing of thr same spiriu weie made fnlly uiani fest, so ihat cven inodern coineuttlerim wnuld, to our minds, be a vindicntinn ufthe ancient Solomonic saying. that there is nothing jietr umUrthc Sun' afterali. But it would seeni that this sect not only delightrd iu suflering from othcrs on religious sulijrcts. aud dis turbing rcligions iiiceiins. but that liicy took great p lius also to trample on ihe ciiil lavt and its authority. ihat thc-y rni-ht again no torieiy by indictmriit. As a full illusirntion udchal they wetc in morals; a hisluriau has chruiiicled liie fjct.that oue ol them who pro fessed to live holy, and for twenty yf-ars withoutjsin.was, in the midst ofhis prol'essions ana religious zeal, divnrcedfrom an amiable wife for the criine of adultery, and tbe same iiidividual, previous to the divorccmcot. 'took to his bed a maid whom hc had purchat ed, and after she had borue him two children he put her away.' He once satupon the gal lows foi blatjthtmy, and sufTered a long im prisoument ou the charge of being an accom plice in burning a Mceting-House in this citv. The Rogerines were first ratc non-rcs-tanis; and it will soon be seen that they car ried out their sentimeuis to ibe letter, not only become passivo under the attacks oft others, as were they who were carried out of the churchas, whose meetiugs they had dis turbd, bu: also refusing to resist tbe cn croachment of the malad'us thatpTey vpon thchumanframc. To prove it, I here give an extract from the Connecticut Gazette, Julv 10. 1762: Ve hear from New Loudon. that ou Thursday se'nnightdied tbere Mr, Ebinerer Bollesof thattown. trader, estecmed a veiy honest and hospitable man, He has left one cbild, a dauehter about seventeen years of age; and an estate of about 6ve tbousand pounds,lawfulmoney. Theoccasion ofhis dealh was as follows: A fewdays before. he had boen cutting some vines orbusbcs which were ofa nox quality wben he was poisoned and bis body swelled to a great degree; but being of the sect called Rogerines. who for bid theuseof means in sickness. b would neither allow a physiciau to be near him, nor the most simple medicine administered. Just before he expired, when in great pain, hs seemed desirous of soras hclp, but the bretbren aud sisters of tbat profession would Vennont,Tuesday Srorning, Nov. 10, 1846, not allow it, lest bo should dtny thc Jaith.' This is carrying one's religious notions to a pretty serious length; but the Rogerines were your genuine radinls in all things. Wby, if a young swain was desirous of tak ing to himself a 'better-by-half,' hc would uot allow the interveniion of either law or gospel in the matter, but would do up the malter euiircly in thc way which the pariies chose, and tben boasl to the magistraies of tbeir contempt of law in regard to the suhjcct; But someiimes they were oulicitted, though it would seem geiienilly ihey were very sbrewd and cunuing iu their afiaira. In il lustration of this; ihere is a capiul auecdote ofa couple who chose to niarrr themselves. and then go to the public aiuhorilits ti hoast oi laejete. It ruunith uu in ihis wise. One day, as Gov. Saltuustall wns siiiiug iu his room smoking hisjiipe, a man by the name of Gorton. wilh a woiaan. camein, and addressing the Gnn'rnor, said, 'sir. I have married this uoinau, and th it tuti, withuui tbe authority of your nriisiratt'S and ininis tcrs. Thc Governur luriird to the wumau. aud inquire.1, 'ladam, have you laken this man for you. hushaud J' She replied, -Iudeed, sir. I have!' Well. then.' said ihe Governor, '! aulhoTxly of. and accord'wg to llie latrsof Connecticut, I pronounce you laicfully wcd ded, husband and irfe, (lurtuu wa aaton ished, aud after a pause said, 'Thou art a cunning crealure ." Such wciesuine of llie dningii of the Rog erines. But they were uot nlunjssuccrsful iu thuir duiugs ,- aud like ulhi-r reforiiiormers ofa more rcceut date. were cumpellcd, by circumstauccs, to bccoiiie icsisting noii-re-sistants, in one instance, at all cvetils, as ap pcars iu thc case follovting. That loathsomc. troublesome diseasc, the Ilch, iu its prevalence. woulu not regard tbe peisous of cven dcvoted Rogerines, with spc cial favor, and, when it fastened upon them it became cxccedinghy troublesome, as they were indisposed to use cven rcsislaoce enough to scratch! Aud how to rid themselves from their dilemina, for a long time. thcy kucw 101. Wcrc they disposcd to die, that ihey could not do so easily, for the itch rcfuscd to Mll theml Eudure it with paticnce tbey could uut, for il was cxccediiigly annoyiug; and perplexcd to theextreme, they were driveu to their wiis emls to know what lo do. But at length ingeiiuity came to their rt-Iief, they resulved that the itch icas not a bodily distase, but that it might ue cousidcred as a noxiuus auimal, which licy might iunucriitly dcstroy! aud so they npplird ihc coinmon reinedics. Oue more ilem about ihe Rogerines and 1 lcave them. Like thc Dou-rc.-istaiils of thr prcscu; day, (for ihey wtre stricily such as ihe forcgomg will show.) thry had iheir pub blic jouruul lo disseiuinate thrir vicws, and wi:, kind rcadvr. do you thiuk il was called! The Hulcyon ! No ; not that; well, at Ieast, ihe Peace-AJaktr, or the Friend of Peacei No; by no means; it was called ihe Bat- lleA.xe!!' and ifthe reader smilcs. in the opinion ihat he can discuver grcalerincimsia teucy in their course nnil coDducl than is fouud in many piulesseu non-rrsistauis ol a laterday, hc ihinkcth, astiocJ not. louis truly, i , J. u. Aeir London, Aug. 18-10. WHITE AND BROWN BREAD. UN- FERMENTED BREAD. Scvcralyears ago we ihrrw out the sur inisc that ihc Eeparatioii of llic white from thc brownparts ol wheat gruin w:if likely lo m- banelul lo healih. Wc procecu upon llico retical crruud, bi-li(ii' ihni Providenrt musl have coiilcuipliiteii our Us-iiig the entire graiuaud not a poruon only. rclcctcd b nieans ofa uircly anangcd marhincry. 1 struck us forcibly ihat to go on, lor a long course of ycars. llius usiug a kind of food dutercnt Irnui what naturc drtugned, could iiotfailtobu a'.lendcd with had ronscquen- ces. We have sincc lcarucd Ihat our views have some recognizcd support insricnce, J. he lollowing psrjgrnph Irom u reccnt pam phlct will at once snrve to koep the pubirct alivc in the minds ofour rcnders, nndexplaiii the actualiiroundson which the ecparation of flour is dctrimcntal: 'The gencral belicf, says the wntcr, 'is that bread made ol the finest flour is thc best, aiul Ihat whiteiiess is thcproof ol its quanty ; hut Imih ol these o pmiuns nre popular errors. Ihc wnnncss niay bc, and gcncrally is, comniiinicaled by alum, to the injury ol the mnsunipr: and il is known by iiiun ol scicnce ihat the bread ol unrefined flour will suslaiu lifc, while that made with ihe rcfiucd willunt. Kerpamnn on brnwn hrruil and wntcr only, and he will gradually sM;en and die the meal of which ihe firsl ismmlccontaiiiRnll thc ingredicnlF necessary to the rompojiinnof nourishment of ihe various ftructure romposing our bo- dies. Someof ihr-sc ingrcdients are removed bv the miller in U'w offurtf to please the pub lic; so that firie flour, iitstead ofbeing better than ihe meal, i& Ihc Ieast nnuribhing; and tomaketheraseworse.it i aUo the most diflicult of digcstion. Thc loss is. therefore. in all respect awaisle;and i: tecms dcsirable that the admirers ol white bread (but cspe cinlly the poor) should be made acquanted with these truths and brought to inquire whether they do not purchnse at too dear n rate iheprivilegeofindulgingin the use ol iu The unwise prelerence given so universaiiy to white bread, led to thc pcrnicious practice of niixin"- alum wilh the flour, and this ngain to alf sorts oradulleralions and impnsiiiuu; for it enabled bakers, who were so ufaposed. by adding more and more alum. to make bread Irom ihettourot an intenor grain iook like thc best and most coslly, or lo dispose o! it accordinclv;alonce defrauding the nur- cbaser, and tampering with his hrahh. A mong theniatters removed by the miller are the larger taline substancex, which are in- dispensablc io the growtnoi tne bones anu teeth, and nrc requircd, nlthough iu a less degree, Tor daily repair. lirown oreac snouiu therefore, be given to nurscs, and to Ihe young or the growing, and shruld be pre ferred by all, of whatever age. whose bones show a lendanry to bend, or who have week teeth. Itisbeheved that brown bread will generally be found the best by all persons havingsluggish bowels, andstomachsequal to thedigestion of the bran. But with some it will disagree ; for it is too exciting to ir ritable bowels, and is desolved wilh diflicully in somestomachs. When this happens, the bran should be removed, either wholly or in part; and by such nieans thc bread rnay be adapted, with the greatest ease, to all habits and all constitulion?.' Mr. Smiih in his Iate remarkable work on Fruits and Furinaeea ni the food of man, gives some illustrations of this doctrine. 'Bnlk.' he says, 'is nearly as necessary to the articlcs ofdiet as thsnutrient priociplc They should beso inanagrd iha'one will bein pro porlion to theolher. Too highly nutritive diet is probably as fatal to tbe prolonrralion ol life and heahh, as that which contains an insuthcienl quanlity ol nounshmenL It is a matter of common remark among old whale rnen. that during their loncr vovasres. the coarser their bread thc belter their henllh.' '1 have followedlhe eeatfor ihirtv-fivc ycars, said an intclligent sea captain to Mr. Grn- ham, and have been m almost every part ol ihe globey that the coarsest pilot-brcad, which contained a considerable portim ol bran, isdecidedly the heallhiest formymen.' 'I am convinccd Irom my own cxpcrience,' snys another captain, 'that bread madeof Ihe uubolted wheat meal is far more wholsome ihan tiiat made froni the best sunerfino flnnr Ihelatieralwaystendingto produce con slipation. CORRESPONDENCE OF TIIE COUR- 1ER. Nashua, Oct. 22, 184G, I have itlst returned from ihp U'h vention ol the 3d Congressional district, com- : v... . pmiis inc counues oi iiuisourougb and Cheshire, at Hancock, and have no doubt vou iu ue giau io learn oi tne result. Uen. imes U'ilsonofKeene was nnminated asthe andidate forConsress iu uur distrirr -jl,r.nt unanimously. He had all but four out of UU votcs. And what is more, havjng nom laied him, tce are going lo eltct him .' Will ou stick a nill l)ler' ' Tho r:.M.n.l prcscnt, and made one of bis best speechcs. Pl.- A I . i 1 l ue uci-iaruuun oi iiis priucipies was clear, nd such as will mppt tlif. wiIipa nTli r.tdn.l-- certainly, and of all whu desire to seejustice ilouc to the North in all innttcrn iwn-nnin. lo national polilics. Thc resolulions whcu puhlUbed, will show whai are ihe vir ws of the iri.: .l . . - . uioo upou me great iiianer ol olavcrv. cuaiaiu llic iusiliuil I.IKCI1 OV lUe LegIS- lature. in reranl tn thnt mntior n.,.i Wihon is tcilh thrm hrnrt nl n... Anthuny Colby was nomiuated by the Con- : I - r . . . ciiiiuu, iijr cciaiuaiion, lor re-cicction to me tffice of (iuvcrnar M ' w wniiiiq KJ ( i UinLI ofMeirimac, Presidciu of the Senatc, l're- IIUCII. ClIANOE or THE Tu.tE. Weshnnl.l rp.lltv like lo kpow whether ihe 'Uiiion' intcnds t'o attrihute ihe exportation ofgrain to our new l arill (uot in opcra:iou veti the Rr;,;h n..m Laws (that are locome) or lo the failure of lue crops in .urotic. We ask. I,pmn find the fullpwinparaded conspicuously in i. i.ib uuuiuci ui iiml papcr, 'The Enelish lahorcr ihroiiflinnf districts of ihis island will not recovrr ihe seed hc has sown. Already illages are sick euing wiih the attempt to ue the lainted wrrck ot llie crop. A readv cholHra -ji.H iv. phus are llie fearful comnauions nfiiii. !t one Englisk laborer in ten has al this moment eilhera slock offovd. or means tn miv-A. juvujui umunin. ue acpeous eotirely on euiployment. aud many, full many, musl this jriutex lcave their bomes, aud traverse the country m qucst orwork. But are the En glish mantifacturpra mill-owners or opem tiyes to feed and employ the Irish 1 Thev wiii soou oc hard dnven themselves. The direct, and we think the jusicst apprehension ofscarcity. prevadcs the m.inufacturing dis lri':ts. Wbatdocs Lord Geor?e Re ntinrk sayl 'Unlesslhecron of 18 J6 one.thir.1 greater Ihan the crop of 1845 ichich all know u u no(, u ciear utal, belore ncxt harvest, ihcre must be a great scarcitv of irrain Now, awhile ago.ournew Tariff did all of this. All the expurtaliun of rrain fio fccd thciz starving pcople) luppened bccause of i icc ji.iuu uuuui io cuniein the Uxitcu Statrs, but here, ii happens, we see, from a failure of ihe croit-i! No w we should rcallv hke to know wheiher iu tne ritiuialc ol Ihe Umon onr Tarifr, the British Curn Lawi, orthe iiotatue rot. lendi to the exportatiori of grain. The rcaders of im'ipspermust bc in the dark as yc:. i he theory of free trade applicd to thc Iate riscisveryagieenhlc, Lut like some rarc in venlions of week minds, it will only work well in Model. Whcn put inlo praclical use it explodetsatid kills not only the cnginccr ouiine spcciators in. x. tsxpress. CUSTOM-HOUSE REFORM, The glorions rcsulis of the reccnt Elec- lions in Maine. Marylnnd, I'ennsylvani:. Ohio and I'londa givc uncquivnral promisc ol a Whig maioriiy in the ne.xt Housc ol -1. r FTL II - . oi neprciciiiaiivcs. inairiouse, wc irui. will address ilselfat an eary day to a snrch ins and vinorous invertigatiun ol" thc :ibusc uo w pcrpetrdtcd in the bestownland employ- mcntol llie lxer.utivc I'atronage oi thefed cral Govcrnmcnt, cspccially in thc uianngc nient ol our Custom- Houses and Navy Yard, These abuses have bccome rank and nagrant; they musl be thoroughly prnhcd and reformed. The work cannot bc bcgun too cany, and we trtiet tne nexi wn sretb il! not have been one week in scssion before appointiug a nommittee, with powcr lo scnd lor persons and papcrs, to givc ai Ieast thc New-York Custom -Ilouse and Brooklyn Navy Ynrd a ihorough oveihaul ing, Lct ihe Pcoplcsce how many are paid from our bankrupt Treasnry salancs which they do nolhing toearn, except by work done Ibr'lhe party ; let us know how many arp excused fro-n duty because they arc cngaged in promoiing the election of ihc party's can didatrs; lct us know how much money is annually taken from ihe pockets of ihe Peo pleto kcep iheni in subjection to ihcir mis rulers, and what srheines areonloot lo c.x teml slill farlher the palror.age and powcr ol the Execuiive, by means of ihe Warehouse act, projected Mint, Sub-Treasury, &c- ic. Let Congress but do its duly faithlully in ihis matter. and report whether the offices ol Cus-tom-Houc Weighers, Guagers, Measurcrs. Squarc-Yard Meaeures, &c. have rcaily been abolished, as Thc Union nssnred u ibeymi"ht and would be if WahWs ad va ndonted. The Country will sustain its Represtntitivea in making. ihorough work in llie preuiiocs. em nui be delayed. iT3"GE0BCE Dawos, the widely known Editor ofthespirited and popular Roches ter Democrat, hasdisposed ofhis interest in that papcr, and became part proprietor and ssociatc Editor or ihe Albany. Evening Journal. Thurlow Weed remains part pro prietor and Senior Editor ofthc Journal. Its character as one ol rhe very best Political newspapers in the Country has long been es tablished, but the aeccssion of Mr, Dawson cannot fail to increaseiie interest, The Dem ocrat will bt ably conducted by Mr. Hcnry Cook, hilherlo Assistaut Editor, Number 28. INTERESTING INCIDENTS OF THE BATTLE FIELDS. On the mornimr of Ihe 31st. while Rmpml Worth was rtconnoiicring, neara mileinad vance of his troops. thc Mexicans;endeavor ed to cut him off. He heard their musketry fired at him to his left and rear. Wheeling his horse, he and hisstuffput spure, and pass ed safely by the Mexicans, who were so ea ger to do much, that they permitted him to escape. W iien Captain C. F. Sniith was ordered ostorm the first height.MajorChevnllier, ol the Tcxan Rangers, asked pcrmission from General Worth lo accompany the s'.orming party 'No, sir ' said General Worih. ! wish Captain Smithespecially locominandihatex- Worth, 'you can ro sir.1 A shell from LieuL Rowland'a having penetrated the roofoflhebishop'spal ace, buried itse'fin the body ofa Mexican, &. there esploded, tearing the poor fellow to rgs. iinimerican soldier. cazino' nn ihe scene, said to bis officer. 'Lieuienani. ihai nian is killed very dead. I never saw a man inuea so aeaa before in my life.' un ine evening ol me '.'3d, When General Worth had civen dircclions for his trnnn in n tire a few squares and gct a good night's rest, a young hut gallar.t officer 2d Lieut7jos. F. Irons. Ht artillery, stcpped up to him and said, in an energelic tonc, 'General 1 coneid er that the verv irorsf order vnn pvpp n in your life sir. We know by the ehoulsof our men Ihat they are douigirt . We know, sir. hy the small numhcr of wounded brough' back that Ihey are noi much exnosed. and. sir, Ihc imr.il elfcct will be had on our incn, uuu iiiv mc.ic.-ius wiii ioi-k upon it asa re treat and lake courage.' The General luru ed on his hcel and despaichcd anothcr nid to Gencrul Smiih with iustrurtions torctireor not at his discretion. Accordingly they did not relirc. CAPT.Mmso.N, of Louisiann, was in a posi- uuii w ncre me inns wcrc winzzing some. Many ol the Mcxicar. Cavalrv had hepmlis- mounted. and Cnpl. M. secing one unhorscd, anu niaKing ir.icks wnli race r.orsc spced, he t.uicu upuu uim io siop, saymg, 'l uan shoot you down, but I i ill give ym a llancr. The retreating Mexican was a sensible man and would not stop. Cnpl. M. thcnput spurs tohiss:ccd and soon comimr nn with ibp Mexican (who was armed wilh n long, sav age looking subre) Iricd to get himon thc weapon side, hut in vniii. The Mexican blruck the magnanimousCnptainn blow wilh his sabre on tho lcft shoulder, and at the mo ment the Captain was about rermrnrnlimr ihe favor, by n dcxtcrous iisc ofhis swurd. a soldier Jet lly his muskct, nnd the poor Mexi can was made to hile thc dust aml Gen. Wonffand tlnjTexans. Altiie close ofthe siece and lh capitulalion of the rity.n Tcxan ofiicer proposcd thnt Ihe Tcxans ci'vk oeiicrai t ortn iiirec cheers, and that the wait on him in person and trive him n ni ilier'a shakc ol ihe hand. Thc proposition was receivcd wuh cnthusiasm, and ihe cheers iverc given in a wny that made ihc welkin ring. Afier which they wni'ed on the laureled General, and congnilulatcd him up on the succcss which has crowned his valor and skill FARTIIER TROM Mrvirn TIip TVJ.o.n leans Picnyune ofthe 22d int. has Mexican papera down to the 20ih Spteniber. The .uexicans were very biiterugainsl Ihe Uniled C3tilte. On th lOih i. r. r.t .H,la wiucuiuur, uen. viuon Oovernor ol Sl Luis Potosi issued an nd dress to the iiihabitantsorihBtstalc.nnnoun ciug mai our iroops lind Mksn nossesiion ol the captial ofNew Mex co. Thc dansers of tllCCOUntrV. hc lulls Ihem. 'rp P9i-h ilntf in creasing. Thc Slexicins oppcar perplexcd. not knowing what to lo ihink of Armijo's con duct. Thcv wnlrh -.ill kVimnA n,n,..m..t. with intcnse intnrf.t. hut arc puzzlcd lo know what he intends lo do ticxt. The Picayunc promises in its ncxt numhcr, an iutercsting """"" "ie reigc oi pionierey, prepareil by Bailie Peylon, w ho was a very cflicienl (jai iu iiiaiur ui me ngr.i. lietit. uuril ol thc Army, arrived at Washiniitou on Wcunesday lllznt. With lelteri (rotn nfHrprw 111 llic nrni.- tn Gen. Scott; but uo ofhcial dcspairhcs came iur uovcrunieui. Gencral Worth rccciveKnolhiii'rbiitnrnisc. The Texans call him Ihe hero of ihe uflair. Thc small uniouutof men lost iindei his com mand, and his cnusiimniate mililary skill, are theincs of general surprisc aud udmiratinn. At the cloic ol Ihcsirgcand cnpitulatiun, the Texan troops, at llie propnsal of llicirofficars, gave him three cheers. and aflerwards wailed upon liim in a hody, to ive him a soldier's shakc ofthe hand. The rumor that Santa Anna was ai Sallil lo, wilh alarge body of tronps, U idle and un foundcd. A New Orleans papersays Gen. Taylor has now under his commnnd at Monterey upwards of5000 Iroops, and he isorderingup all his regulars and most ofthe yolunteers. He fcels confidenl of mninlain ing his present potilion aguinsl ull Mcxico All th fortifications, but n short limc since theboast and glory of thcMexicans,arenow in Taylor's posscssion. VTCIl t r. OUIHII, HJICtlKIII ui uiu UftlllCIIl a Jctter,says 'We hnve laken 32 pieces of - r ry o.r.u t.: r . i. i ? brass cannon, and nn immensc nmount ol or dinanee slorcs. nnd arc now in posscssion of all the works, city, and surrounding country. The two Texan regiments. under Cols. Hayrf and Woods, would prbably return home, and should hostiliticd recommcnre, fresh regiments, monnted on Ihe best horses that can be procured, will al once be raised. Annftrlf. np iimis Thrpp. hnndpp1 nnrl lilty of this band oflndians arrived this morn ing on thc Uolurauo Irom tne Utuo nvcr. They were from Fort Wayne, Indiar.a, and ars accompanied by Messrs. Courteau and Edson, tbe contractors for their remorul. This party, as we learn, were tbe last ofthe Miamis rcmaining east ofthe Mississippi. T7np n nnmhnp nf vpn rm I llprA hnVA been f OUr bandsof their rclatives, speaking their com- 1 - Uf.Tn cppplr A l-)l mou languagc, rcsiuiuguu . " ularv ofthe little Osage, west ofthe Missou ri frontier. These are ihc Wcas. Pranchi shas, Kaskaskia, and Peorias. They have a defined boundary of country, nnd in the main, devotc their attcntion tofarming. It is not, we understand, the iutcntion ofthe present emigrating party to join these bands, but to settieon.a new purchase at the rpoutn tho TTnnnn r'iwpr. np.tr tho lown of that name. They are fine looking Indian?, and many ot tnem appear j uc 4U"- ,,, . For thieprcsent they arc encnmped on Bloody Island. Su Louis Union. ... onuii uc uu uiiuruiiy uouui that, replied the gallnnt Mnjor, 'I'll n under Captain SoitJi.' 'Verv well.' said Oenernl THE GALAXY, IS POBWSHED ZVEKY TUESDAT MORniKI irt stetvart's bcildisgs, BY JUSTUS COBB, BY WBOJf XIL OKZBS JOX rKlKTlMk HAHDBILLS, OfeTerv desrr? nfmn wtTI hp npfttt. .wJk aahionably executed. at short notice. Tbursdat. October 29. SENATE. Bilfs tntroduceu By Mr. Rich. relatinr to tbe duties of the Directors ofthe State Pris on, empowering ihrm to hire out tbe labor of convictsfor a term notexcceding 5 years, a may ue tor the best lnterests of the Sttte : refcrred toihe cominittee ou Finance. By Mr. Burton, in alteration ofthe act ofMJ- relatiogto licensing ina keeners aud ictail- ers; providing that the civit authority ofanv . ui:i.icuuut iviiuiii iweive tiays afier Marcli meelini:, may license for ouo year victualliuj houses which may sflll pro- visiou, ii uu, cioer, smaii Deer, xc, but not any other kind of beer, or wie, or an) kind of distillcd spirituous liquors. tiixed or un- un.cu , aiso iiuposmg a pcaauy ui ten dot larsfor selling wiihout a license, aud makiug Stale's Attorneys infonning ofnccrs for vio lations of ihis act, and of ibe aet whirh il atnendi. prosecutions lo be commencrd be fore a justice, or the Couuty Court : referred to tbe same cominittee. Reports By Mr. Bradley, from tbe com- mittee on Banks, against redaeiiij the capi tal stock ofthc Bauk of Rutland. Mr. Ilod ges inquircd ofthe chairman of tbe cotnmit tee, if itappeared-lhat tbe Bank had in auy transcenucu its poncrs, or oeeu guilly ot auy kind of nitsmanngemeut, or had ,iven auy dissatislaction to either stoekhoMers or ihe public, which inquiiies were lespondrd to hy an unqualifird negativc. Mr. Smiih ro marked that he iutroduccd the bill hy re quest, aud had un nersonat feeling in the matter. On mnliou of Sir. Vilas ihe bill was laid onthe tablc. By Mr. Niish, from ihc same committee. against ihc bill im-erpo-rating the Green Mounlain Bauk.to he loca tcd al Bennington. Mr. Nash in reply toau inquiry of Mr. Brownell, stated that the com mitteo had come tn this cnncluiion frnni in foriiiation. which they bclietcd was cntiilrd to confidcnce, that ihe pcople of Bennington and viciuity vtcre uot aoxious ihat such a bill ihnuld bo passed at this srssion. Mr. ltrow- nsll strcnuouflj supporled the bilU rcmarktug hat he was ostenished 'hat su-h uiigrouii ded represcutaiiuns should have been uiaile tu ihe cominittee, and maiiitaining, at length. that the very extensive husiness wanti of Bennington, which is situated 30 miles from Troy tbe uearest accessible place of geliinc; accommodations most urgcully required a Bank in their tnidst. After omew,hnt protracted remark s by Messrs. Cushman, Vilas, Sniith and Hodces. Mr. Vilas moved to recomtnit the bill (r furthr.r information in.rag-ard to lliedenirr of Bennington for a Bank : carried. Engrossed Bills Relaiing ti tbe niiiap plicatian oflrust funds, pruviding for attach menls of body io such cases: passed. Reports By Judiciary Cumniilttc, ajatn?t billrelaling to attichiuent. and it wasdir. missed ; against bills restoring act of 18-14 on capital puuishment. and Ihoy were laid nn the tablc. By coBimittce of Ways nnd Meaim. Scnate bill lo iinprore the manageiiieiit uf State Financcs, and it was arueudvd iu uii nor panieulars, and passed. By committee ou Banks, the billto charlrr ihe Bank of Braudon, unanimnusly. aud it was made thc special order fortbisafternoou ; bill extending the charter of the Farmers and Mechanics Bank, nnd it was laid on tho lable; against uill relaling to duties ofliank Cornmiisiioner, iud il was disinisscd. The Pedlers. Mr. Daufortb movrd that the Committee rrse and report the bill wilh all the aincnd inents : ngreed to, whereupou the bill was reported to the House, and var;us amend uiinls were tricd ; finaily the Huusc settled upon S15 for foot pedlers. $40 for pedlers with tearas. and $100 for pedlers ofplated aud gilt ware. jewelry, watches nnd patenl medicines. rrnding a moiion of Mr. Joocs of Chclcsa to dismiss by consent. ArTEHMOOS. SENATE. Reporis By Mi. Nash, from thc commir tee on Banks, the Bill lo iucorpnrale the Green Mountdin Bank at Bennington vtiih uut any expreMion of opinion u the snhjert. Mr-lBrownell inqnirrd ol Mr. Nah the cli .r actcr ofthe facls which appeared before thu comtniltee. Mr. Nash rcsponded that th opposiii-u lo ihe Back before the commii lce was not ruch as had been anlicipaied. Letters had been prcsented nA read lo the commiuee from very respcciable gentlemen of Bennington, expressing a siroug Jesire for ihe estahlishment ofthe Bank. Tho bill was supportsd by Messr. Kim ball and Brownell. and opposed by Mr. Mi uer. and iis 'M reading was ordered hy n voteofl9to8, Messrs. Bradley, Fifield. Fox. Harrington, Howe, Miner, Robinsnn and Vilas voing in the r.egative. By Mr. Smiih, from the Committee on Fioance. in favor of the bill in alteration of tbe act of '44 relating to inukecpers and retalers, wilh an amer.dinent, which was adnpted, and tbe bill was-ordered to a third reading. Reports By cnminittea of Ways and Means, that no legtslation is necessary tela live to the insane. By General committee. against bill repenlimy act for gcological sur vey, and a motion to dismiss, after a few shots at the geological survey from Messrs. BellaudThomas. and replies by Messrs. Smiih of Weston and iralker, va lost. 87 to 86 : Sir. Benton said he was in faTor ofa geolegical survey. but voted against diainiis- Jng be wished to give a 'top-dressnic' to those wbo had conducted this survey, espec ially for negtecling some portious of Ibe State. The bill was laid on tbe table. The PciIIcts. Tbe questian came np on dismisjiu? th bill relativeto pedlers: ayes 53. noes 117, and tbe bill was ordered to a 3d reading. ThaSeDate came io and a peiition from Newbury was presentcd by Mr. Stebbins. asking for tbe appointment of Hoo. Jos.li Btrr as ajustice ofthe peace, and after some explanations and remarks by Messrs. Vilas. Bucbanan. Harrington of M.. Briggs. Mincr. and Russil of B., it was referred to the Sen- .,! lnpmhpra nf Oranff CoUnlY. T llO joint assembly adjourned to Mouday 3 P.M. aod tne senaie wunorew Tbomdrt Evesio. HOUSE. Engrossed Bills Incnrporating th BaDk of Brandon : repealing SCC.23M act 184-. ia alnraliouolchap.20 R. S.: Bssessiug atax.