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The northern galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, November 10, 1846, Image 2

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ruaking app'oprialions, and aulhorizing ,ne
treasurerio borrow for llie tnpport ofGov
erument; relatiug lo pedlers severally pass
ed. ., .
The Houso rcsumed the connderation of
Ihe bill incorporatiug the Railroad Bank. thc
ciueslion being on the second reading :
Messrs. Rusel ofB. aud Hetiry supported
ii. Messrs. Smith and Walker opposed it
avej 01. noes 05. so it nas rejrcted.
"The Huuse resumed consideralion oflhe
li'tll paying a tax on Addison County. the
qiietliou boingnpoij'the ameudrocul ofthe
Cotniniiiee : it vmw ngreed to. Allcr a state
ment ofl'acts-by 51r. Gregory, ihe liiO was
npposcd hy-Jd'r. Niles, supported hy Messrs.
(Jrejory, Bullock and Wright, vthcn Mr.
L in rence moved to ameod so as to leave il
nvtke Judges oflhe Suptcme (instead ofthe
i onrrtr 1 Cmirt to accept tlie lail when com
!f tiii lost. 82 to SO. The bill nas ordered
to a 3d reading.
Satchdat-, Oclnber 30.
Ileports By Mr. Hudges. from the cnm
mittee appninied for ihe pnrpofe, the imiiies
of SiUs 11. Jemiisou. Nalliau Smilie.and I)a
vid M. Cainp. lo be iuscrtcd ai the resolu i
lion iiojv befi.ro the Senate piovidiug fnrnj
committcc to exaitiine into the expediency of
ilill.-rently employiup the labnr ofthe State
Piiiim: acccp'cd. By Mr. Bradley, froni
the Cominitice on Bauks, in favor of the
House bill incurporaling the Brandon Bank ;
liill laid nn the jable. By .Mr. Fosler, from
lhe Judiciniy Coininitlee, in f.icr of ihe
Ilniise bill regulating ccrtain fces of shrriffs.
al'owiuglhcin $1 50 per d:iy for atlondance
nii Suprcme and Chaucery Courts ; passcd.
Mr. Kunball, friiin the Cmnuiiiiee on the
Fifili Jnint Rule, lo which -re rofnrrcd the
r-nluiiuns froin Georgia rrlative ta the dif
fictiltics between Massachusclts and South
t'arMina and Louisiana, rrpurlsd the fol-
v jn rcsoltitions :
Ilesolctd, By thc Senate nnd the House of
Ucprff'-nntaiives. That the Gcneral Asscmbly
n. thi: Slate of Vermont disscnt from the
vn:f prcsented in the Legislatlve preamble
and resolves ofthe State ol Georgia iu rtgard
tn the difficullies between Mns;sn.cbuscttS and
S-iuth Carelina nnd Loujhua, and that in
lli npiiiion of ihis gcneral Assombly, any
iniiiler ofthe cnnfederacy whicli assumee
lo viidaic at pleasure the riglits guaraulied
by the Consliimimi lo the citizens ofothcr
Statrs ur to inipair llieje riglits by throvfing
iuipcdunents in thc way of their legal vindi
cnlion, juilly exposes her to thc iinputation
ofa vjolatino oflhe puhlic failh, incniisistent
vtith the peace aud safety of this Union.
lUsolrci. That this Gencral Assrmlily
h.dd noiy, as did the colonisU in 1771, that
it U csscniiil to Amcrican libeity ih.it nu maii
hc cumlemncd unheard, or puuithed fursup
pncd offriices, wiihout hiving an opportu
nitv ufmaking hisdefencc; and that thc
iinjirisoiiincnt o( any citizen of a sislcr State
tho anthorrly of anotlier State in the
Union, withimt iho alUgalimi of any crinie
nm! solclr crotinton a of liii colnr, iia pal
p-liltt and grofs riulatiuii of the federal
Thcse resolutions, on motion of Mr. ril-n
vtnrc laid on thc lalilo.
The cngrosscd bill npcaling the act of M5
rt'iolishing ihe tchoul fund, nns laken up.
andafler a spiritcd disrnsion hetween Mers
Vilai and Harripq'.on in ils favor, nnd Mesrs
Hichard, Kimball.CramaiidCiuhirian a-ainjt
it. on uiolion of Mr. Richard, it iudofln
atrly postponed, hy a vote oi 19 tn7.
Dn moiion of Mr..P,rndley. tho Sento d
jo:i:nrd to mect at 1 o'clock, P. .M.
Tr?yrr hy Rev. Mr. ISallnti.
Hngroased BUh. To incnrpotate Female
Ac idemy atM'ancheitrr and VergenneTotr
Hnats and Trancpurtatiou Company, to pay
Jatiu-s Rusell Sl! 01, fr rclief of James
Wilfard andaha the hail nf James Murphy
severally pasred.
Mr. Sluddard mored to rPCimsider llm voto
rfjertinc ihe hill removin" Orlenus Coiinty
luiildings; afler a ipirited discnsiinn, this mn-
tiun wns carncd, when Mi. Olevelauu propos
cd an aincndincnt chauging the shite tonrn to
nch a placo in Coventry Falli as aha'l bo
dejicnatcd hv Isaac Redfirld. D.ivitl M.Camp
Hiid Jere (Iodkins, providod a majority of
tlie poortle of thc ronnlv vote for a reinoval
in March net, aud huildiiigs are erectcil free
of expense to the countv: opposed by Messrs
ItutstP of II. Hrnton and Ilaacnc'a, and sup-
pnried hy Mr. I airclnlj, wlien at. Hill movtn
i nnicnd hv nruvidinr thai the lands iiow
nceupitd shall rercit m Irajhurgli agreei!
u. Mr. Merriam mnved to amcnd so as In
a.hnit Rartan into cnnipclitiiin: but this ivas
vriihdr.mn. Mr. Clcveland's aniendmrnt
was carricd, 77 to 47. Mr. Paiuo morcd to
lay thc hill on the tablr;,supporled hy Messrs
Jones oj U. nnd Thomas. opposed by Messrs
Cleieland and Danforth.and lost, Thc hill
opposed hy Mr Russcll. of 13., when Mr.
ITitJ intivcd a substitute. dircctinc the Su-
piemeCourl to appoint a coininitlee of llirce
pcr.inrn not resideuts ofthe county lo decide
trlvelhera removal shall be madi, aud if so,
whert: Mr Cleveland said li had nncutaketi
tno nppnncnts oi the removal on thrironn
promid, and nnr ho wnuld dn it again hc
ar.celilcd the amendinent. Tho amcudiiirnt
ivas a"rced to, and the hill ordered to a 3d
reading unanimously.
The hill provrdm; that no election of town
r'nrcscntitives shall b valid. the hallotinc
oi wlnch commenced alter midmght ol the j io 43 me iiiijeciion to inis uui was inat it ic
first Tucsday of Seplember. was laken up, ! a second rechsner tlie House adopling tho
oppord hy Mr. Vilas, srtpporred hy Mr. principle to lecharlu nnly once, and afler
JCiitibalt, and hy thc castiug vote ofthe Prcsi- that lo rcqniie a new distjihution of stock ;
dem, was refuscd a 3d reading. Senate hill grauting a ferry to Martin Bre-
The bill relating to partics in nctinns of mrr.
law, ciiabling pUintiffs m cate nf nonjninder ! Resolutions By Mr. Miner, requesting
or misjoindcrof defendanl's lo dn ly prnceed thc Governor to appoint some suitablg per
m ccrtain condiiions, against thc rcaldefeu- scui to correspond with Sculptor Powers to
ilants, withuut any abatemrut of thc writ, get tcrms for slatutcs in nrarhle of Ethan Al
rrai taken up and advncaicd by .Mr. Smith; len and Thomas Chittenden: supported by
and was ordered to a thiul reaiiinj. ' Messrs. Miner and Thomas. tho la'ter of
The engrossed hill ainrnding chap. 26 of whom exprcssed himself decidedly In favor
R. S. so tli.1t a jury ot thrcc prrsous Ahall hc of appropriatiug mnneyj for a statnte of
nllowed dcfcndant in case when ihe inntter . Klhan Allen : adopted unanimously. Inrc
iu deinand docs not excecd 30, was laken ; latinn to Norwich University; reported hy
up, nnd Mr. Vilas nffercd an ameii'lnient, sn the commitiee on Education, and adopted.
that all jurics before a juMicc shall coiuitofi Ailjoumed.
ihrcc instead ot six men. whicli aitei nting
isupporled by Messrs. Vilas and Harnngtoii.
and opposed by Mr. Cram. tvas adopted.
Mr. Burlon remarked strnngly apainst ihe
bill, and it was rejecttd hy a vnte 10 lo 1G.
The engrossed bill fsprcified aborc.) rc
qut'ringlhe furnishing mthe Repotlor. hy
eachiudge nf the Suprcme Court, ofeach
ilccituin rciidrrcd, wa laken up. Mr. Smith
lnnved to appeud anotiier sectinn providing
fhat ihe JudKi-s shall meet a Montpelier ev
ery spcoiuI Thursday of Orlohcr fnrlho pur
poie of revisinc their di'c'reions aud designa
Uaz nliat chall he publislied ; cairicd 11 loS.
and thc hill was passod.
Ttcpnit I5y Committeo nf Ways and
Means. asiinsi bill refcrrins ihe r-pe:il of the
l.w nhofisiiitis ihe schonl fund to the people
bi MipporW hy Mr. .mili, thc people
wi-r!int at all suttfn wih robbing ihe pnor
liildrcn. nnd thoiighi ihe ari of Ut year nu
dulv Sie:cdlhi'r:t.h- Ur 3 ud hetiould kecp
ihe five alive umil March meeting, and let
the peilple put it ouliflhey please. mr.
Stoddsrd said the bill did oot preseut the iss
ue fairly to tho people : thc quesiion would
be, willtho people tax themselves to replace
the fund ! and unless the bill is ameuded
to ns to present this questioo be could not
go fur ihe bill. - Mr. Minersaid ifauy ibing
:ould b givou to tbo poor cbildren hy this
bill ho would support it but tnch isnot the
fact : he could well rccollect that a few
yeara ago a very diftiugutshed gentleman
ho was supported by the Democratic party
for Governor lasi Scptcinber, had stood upiu
this lull aod declared ihatthis fuud could not
be available forlhc poorchildreu at least lor
. f. M l.n nlluded lo thedec-
laration ofeiher distinguished geutlemcu of
Ihe ame parly. maiDtaiuing llial so lar as
ch'hdren nere concerned, this fund vras abol
ished by the aid ofthese gentlenun years
Ago. lu bis judgmeut, no s'.ate had done
inore for coininon educatiou hy way of taxa
tion thau Vermont by her lavra every dis-
irict iu thc State lias full poncr to nx ihe
amouiit and emorce the collection. Air.
Thomas replied that Gov. Slade matenally
differed from thc llon. John Smith. making
ihe time far iess in which thc fund vtould be
av jilable, and rvent into calculations to shotv
that Gov. Slade hadfixedihe time too long
and that 1858 uould see ihe fund available:
he was rcortiGed to say thal Vetmoul had
takeu this fund to build a splendid state
house. liill reiected.100 to TZ.
Enprossed Uills Ta.xiue counties ofOr-
nnge aud Addison, (the latter li;5 lo JO.) and
in relaiion to shire toHn of Orltans county;
Satordat Etcsimg.
House Bills refened Assessing a tax sn
the Countv of Addison : to Ihe Senators froin
Addison, Assessing a tax on iha County of
Orauge ; to the fcicnators frnm Orange.
Engrussed liills To pay bvlvanus Ktpley :
passcd. Uelating to highw.ivs and hridges,
supported hy Messrs. Smilh and llamngtou,
opposed hy Messrs. Uonc aud Cushman.aud
pnsscd 15 to 9. iUr. 1' oslcr moved to amend
hy providing llmt thc act shall nut lake efFcct
umil rsoreiiiber, 104 : supported uy iMefsrs
liurtou aud r oster. and opposrd by iMr. flii-
ner, and carricd by a vote oi 1U to ii, anu tlie
13 to W.
The bill in addition to chai).20 of R. S
hy pruviding thal Iruslees suils may be
brought riheti thc niattcr in dematid, aud the
eflects in thc hauds of the trustce each ex
cceds Jive, wns luken up, and, on motion of
Mr. Buriou, uas indelinilely postponed.
lliobill to nicnrporatc the Bauk ol urau-
don ivas taken up, and after remarks in ils
favor of Mr. Cuslnnan and against it hy
Messrs. Uodgesatid llowc, ii.failed of a third
reading hy a vote uf 10 to 17.
1 he bill relamig to costs m civil aclions,
providing that ilefendants ivho har an actioit
by plea of haukrupty shall iii no case be al
lowed cosls, was refucd a third reading.
Kepoils By ilr. Rich from the cominilieo
on Finauce, iu favur of a hill assessing a tax
for the support of snvernment: laid on the
tahle. By Mr. Fx, from the Commitiee
on Hducation, in favor of the House bill re
lating to licensing iun-keepirs and retailers :
laid on the tablr. By Mr. Rich from ihe
Senators of Addison, in favor of the hill iay-
ing n tax on Addison County : pasted.
Dismissed Bills relatire to elertion of tep
reientatives hy plurnlity, and concerniug fuot
rot iu shecp.
A moiion to rrconsidtr the vot dismissiog
(postponing lo 1st Jan.) the bill rclalive to
election ol town rtpresentaliws, vraskuppor
tcd by Messrs. Fairchild and Jenes of C.
and last. 85 to 75.
Mr. Gregory callfd up the bill relating to
ihe election of ton n leprcseulalives. and on
motion of Mr. iiill it vras dismissed.
Mr. Thomas called up the bill rcpe.iUnc
the act for peological slirvey rjected, 82
to 50.
Modat, NovembcrS.
Mr. Howe moved to rrcnnsidcr ihe vote
rpjccting the bill incorporating the Bank of
Brandon : a inotiunto lay ihe motion on thc
table vas lost 11 to 18, and the motion to re
cousider, after bcing supporled by Mr.
Smith, and opposed hy Mr. Hodges, was
lost 11 to !5.
The House hill incorporaiing tlie Baltcu
kill Bank wns passsd.
Bills passod Alte ring name of Franklin
Williams : relating lo mnrricd watmen : al-
tering limes of hnlding Washington and ,
Windsor County Courts: relating to pau- '
pers, (House hill:) rclativc lo tho assess-
incntoi uamagcs, iprovioing inrjury inais ;)
to incorpnratc the Green Mountain Bank. (a
mntion lo lay lost, 96 to 51 ;) lo re-char'er
the Fnrnicrsand Meahanics' Bank,77 to57.
Senate bill to pay Sylvanus Riplcy 5010.
i i j r i j
(a suspension clatms long' dcfcrred and now
happily and jusily paid ;) in amendinent ol
src. f!2 chap. 23 R. S.
Bills dismissed aud rejectcd Senale bill
rclating to pnnpcrs by disareerasnt oftlie
two Hnuses; beuaie hill relating lo trust
funds ; Senrte bill to recharler Bank of
Burlington, lost on thc second leading, 83
Reports By Mr. Rich, from ihe Com
mitiee on Finauce, in favor ofthe bills ma
king appropriatious for the support ofGov
ernmeiit. and autborizing the Trcasurerto
horrnw a sum not excceding $50,000; pass
cd. By Mr. Rich, from the commiltee on
Finance, in favor of the bills miking appro
prialions for the support of GoveTnment, aud
aushorizing the treasnrer to hnrrow a sum
nax excceding S50.000; passed. By Mr.
Kiml-all, from ihe Commiltee underthe5th
Joint Rule, resolutions concurring with the
resolutions nf Massachusetts, foran ainend
trrriit lo thc Federal Cnnstitution so that ihe
free pnpulation shall coustilulo the only ba
sis ofrepresentalion, anddissentiug from the
rpsolutinns of Georgia censming ibesame;
adopted. By Mr. Chushnian, from ihe mili
lary commiltee. the bill relating to thc inili
tia (inlrnduced by Mr. Burtun) proiidiag
that $16 fliMl be "drdncteil from thelistof
general. fild and itafTnfficers aud incmbers
of uiform companiei on the State taxes. with
the exprsssion of no opiuiuu ; indefinitely
The resolution providing for ihe distnuu
lion o! the report was taben up, aod after Ihe
adoption ofthe ameudmeot proposed by the
commiltee on Finance. limitmg ibc distnbu
liou to ahout650 copies, it was passcd.
state rnisoa.
Tbo commiltee on thissubject reported
the bill appropriatiug not cxceeding S15.000
for thc State Prisou, with an aruendment to
icduce ihesum to S10.000. The amend
raent was wilhdrew, and the bill pasied.
SENATE. Evehro.
House Resolutions That the Governor
ba juthorizcd to appoint soine suitaMe per
sons to coirespoud with Hirara Powers re
iper.tiug supplyiug the Capitol with stalutes
of Ethan Allen and 'Thomas Chittenden ;
concurred iu. That ihe Librarlan be author
ized to ptirchase certain works for the State
Library; concutred in. Suspending ihe
14lh joint rule, so as to admit a House bill
.nnkiim pnnronrintiuns for the mainttnancc
..fitm Sintn IVison : adonted. Mr. Vilas
moved to nmend bv inserting Chelsea instead
of Montpelier, and repeating thc instructions
oflastyear: lost 11 to 14. Mr. Cushman
morcd to insert Wiudsor instead ofMonl
nelier: lost 11 lo 16, and the resolution was
concurred in. The Senate would not concur
In ihe Ilnuse amendmcnt lo ihe resolution.
providing for ihe appointment of a commitiee
to exainiuc different portions of the State
affording advantages for the locatiou oflhe
State Prison.atid the uame ofTiinolhy Fol-
let nas inseried instead of Asa Low. Htl
ting to slavery and the Moxican War; con
rmred. Ilnme Bills Housi ameodmants to bill
relaliog to highways and bridges, and lo bill
alferme: timeaof bwldirig County Courts iu
Windsor County, were concurrrd in. Bill
assessintr a tax for ihe support of Govern-
ment : nafsed. For the suiinression of
howling alleys : pnssed, afler the adopjion
of amcnUHients. Kelattve to liceiismg inu
keeners and retailers : passed unanimously.
Relating to pcd len ; afler the rejcction of
scvcral amendments, passed 14 to 11. As
scssin? a tax an the County of Caledonia
pssscd. Relating to ihe enrolled militia;
rcstorini; PelrrRozenhurg.Myron Shaw.Jere
niiah Carrto their legal privileces: repcaliug
scc. 2 and 3d ofthe act of '42 in altcralion nf
chan. 21 of I. S. : severally refuscd a 3d
reading. Kelalitig to exemptions from at'
tachmcut ; iu addition to chap. 20 of R. S
elating to highways ; iurorporatiug the
Chittenden Co.Infinnary: severally refuscd a
ihird reading. Relating to Railroads: passcd.
Making appropiiatiuns to the Vermont State
Prisou : rcferred to the Coinmittce on Fi
Rcports By Mr. Cushman, from ihe
Committeo ou Fiuauce, in favor ofthe bill
making appropriatious for ihe Slate Prison:
passed. By Mr. liirchard, from the majority
oflhe Select CotnmiUce on ihe Protectivo
Policy, the fellowing resolutisns, vthich were
unanimously passed.
Jtesolrcd, lty the Senatt and the House of
Rcprekentatives, that iu conferrinp upou
Congrrss the power to lay and collect taxes,
dutio.", imposts, and excisei, for Ihe purpose
of paying the dehts and providing for ihe
comnion defrnce aud general welfare oflhe
United States, ihe Cuustiiution recoguizcs
with equal plainness the oblication to secure
revenno for llieireaiury and protection for
ihe people.
ihsohtd, That Vermont stcadfaslly ad
herrs lo ihe policy which is cnsval nith the
organization ofthe National Gorernment. of
impomg dnlies upou foreign productions
wilhsuch discriminalions in the ratrs nfdu
ties and the articles taxed, as shall srcure n
revenne adequate to ihe expenses of the gov
ernment, and liberal pioteclioti te the produc
tiens of our own people.
Resolved, That w do norf, in ihe name
and behalf ef the people nf Vermont, raost
earnestly and solrmnly protest against ihe
-I act ofthe Ust session of Congress, entitled
'an act reducing the duty on imports, and
for olher purposes,' as being a measure en
liiely suhrrrsive ofthe wise and henificicnt
priuciples which have becn mniutainrd from
the fonndation of thegovcrnment, and an ill
timed and dangerous expcriment "upon thc
finnnccs oflhe nation aud the husiness uflhe
The bill inco'poratin the Bank of Bran
don was indefinitely postpouedd.
Mr. Robinsou presentcd a resolution, len
dering thethanks ofthe Senale to His Hou-
er Leonard snrgeant lor ineautc, couneous
aud impartial mantier in which hc had pre
sided over the delibcrations ofthe Senate.
The Presideut rcsponded, in a brief cian
ner, thanking ihc Senators for this express
ion nf esteem, assuring llium of his warm in
terestin their individual wclfare, and wishing
ihcin a happy relurn lo their homes.
Thc two Housesexchanged messages that
they had completed their respectire husiuvss.
Tho Governor noiified the Scnatc that he
had no furthnrcommunieatious to tnake.and
at half past 2 o'clock, A. M. thc Senate ad-
j junrned, sine die.
Except the proposiuj the resolutions dep-
reca,;n5 ,h0 Mexican war which w shall
. .. . . , .... ., , ,
pubhsh next week, little other importan1
1 1
husiness was transacted bytheUouse.
' The usual messages being excbanged be-
; j,veen iho Hnuses al 3 o'clock iu the morn-
ing, the House adjourned sine die.
The (ollowmg article which we copy from
the Kondon Shippin" Gazctlc ol"Oclober2.
will be read wilh interest by our Farmers as
wcll as dealcrs in ureadstuhs generally :
Though Wheat hae risen in value aboul
15s. per quartcr since ihe end of July, and
pricesof other dcsoriptions of grain in ncarly
thc sanic proporiion, an opinion is prcvalcni
that qaotattons will be much higher during
Iha approaching wiutcr. The grounds for
this beliet are, the nsccrtaincd deficiency in
the produce of all spring corn, and Ihc ex
tensivc failurc of ihe pctato crop. That
GrcatBritain will rcquirc a very largc im
portation of graifi bcforc the next harvcst
cannot bc quesliancd ; and ns thc stocks of
old grain are comparativcly insignificanl all
over Europc, whilst the harvest of 1846 hae
turned out nire indiffercntly on the Conti
ncnt thanin England, it may be difficult to
secure the requisile quanlity. To succeed
in doing so, it will csrtainly be necessary to
pay high priccs. as their own neccscities will
rcndnrourcontincntal neighhors mors Ihan
usually tenacious in parting wilh iheir pro
duce, Priceii have already got up considcr
ably at all lhe lcnding pnrls in the Baliic,
and by the liritannra nicamship we learn
that the expectationofa failurc oflhe potato
cropin Europehad causcd a rise in the val
ue offlour of thrce fourlhi, or a dollar per
barrel at the principal markeis of the United
Stalea. We are, howevcr, plad to learn
from thence that the yield of bnlh Whcat
and Indian 'orn, xvas abtindaut over the
grealer part of North Amcrira. The Ialler
article it is true, had not thcn becn sccured,
hut it was in sn advanrcd a state as lo be;
considered out of dangrr. Great as are Ihe
rcsourccs of the United States it would be
unwite to calcutntc on any thinc Iike a sup
ply from thence utall adequate to our nants.
and the idea ihni Ihe price of wheat will con-
. i j -t - ihnreTore. nti-
lluue IO icnu uunuru uu - r
. . oi oii nminhle Tbe delive-
riea frum our own larmera, which have re-
cently been on a very HDcrai szaic, m.
begming to lall on.
At tbb Meeting attue Temm.e, on Turs
day, Oct. 26th, in Aid or tiie Rotland
E. H. Derby 0r Boston said : He had list
ened with pleasure to the eloqoan! ppeeches
oflhe gentlemen from Vermont and New
Hampshire, ajjd although he came with no
iniention ol making an addrcss, he could not,
after having taken part in starting the West
ern, Fitchburgh, Vermont Central, and olher
railroads, kecp silence on this occasion.
AHusion had been made hy the gentleman
frorr. Keene, to the Fitchburgh Railroad, and
a fear wns expressed Ihat ils incorr.e would
he diminished when the limber, which gavc
il a largc revcnue, wns exhausted,if Ihe Rut
land Railroad should nol be constructed. He
had great confidence in thc Ftchburgh Rnil
roai . hc had becn connectcd with it from
itsinfsincy from a pcriod ol weakness, of
grcatcr weakness thnn that of the Rutland
and had seen it move onward in success and
ponularity, until thcoriginal subscribcs real
lzcd, in premiums on stock, new shares and
dividends, nearly fifiy per cent, It was truc
il derivcd large revenues from wood and mnn
ufactures from wood ; but wood on Ihe Filch
burgh liue was an article ol value; lorests
were preserved nnd chcrished, and would
lopgconunue lo be made into chairs, pails,
clolhcspins, shoe-pegs, and olher manufac
tures. .
The'.counfry was productive ofothsr freight.
(ts little atreams wercsluddeil wilh faclories.
In thisrespect, there was a inarked contrasl
between iho Worcester and Fitchburgh
roads. when first opcncd. The one, in thc
first year, afTurdcd 4000 tons return frcight:
thc other, five-lold Ihat amounl; nnd, wilh
the Vermont anil Massachusctts, nnd Chcsh
ire linc, bolh trihutury and the natural
ornwth of traffic, muslcontinuc topny tcn per
The locnl business would increase also
on our lincs, business oncc in eight ycars.
But white hc could not conrcde thc divi
dends might be cndnngetcd withoulthe Rul
l.md ; white thc nolc was good, hc had no ob
jeriinn to a sirong endorscr; Ihe rich district
ol Wcstcrn Vermont, alike productive in
mincrali nndagriculiure, wouhlgivethenole
nddilionnl currency; nnd saon dcmand a
double track lo be paid forby shares yielding
a premium. He appreciated the importance
nnd iho resonrccs ol Weslern Vermont; he
was familiar vwth hcr rounded hills and fer
tilp. vnlcs. covcrcd wilh almos! nercnninl ver-
dure, It was a lact he had latcly discovcrcd
fron. a reccnt treatisc on aquednctp, that thc
nnmml fall ofniin on the sIodcs oflhe Gieen
Mountains was fifiy pcr cent. more ihan the
fiill in Boston. Whetheror not it was, inat
thcclouds, rolling east from thescn.and west
from thc lakes. were condenscd on;those hills,
an exhuberancc of moisture lell on a rich soil
in a temperate climat, gave hcauty lo the fea
turcs oflhe country, made it ono oflhe most
fcrtile and healihful regions ofthe Union,
Ii has becn Dronosed to tho Fitchburgh
Company to subscribe the sum required ; but
its stockholdcrs had given an impulsc ta ma-
ny enterprizes, wcrc enibarked in other linee,
and it wns n qucstion wliether a company
nuthorized to build fifiy mtles ot railroad in
one state. could ovcrleap New-Haropshire,
and hold stock, as a corporation. in Vermont.
Thero were. however. individuals connccted
wilh it friendly to this enlerprizc, and dis-
poscd to gtve it their countenaiice anu sup
port. He had confidence thc line would command
a " ood business with a modcrate outlny.
"Thc cngincer.s who had survp.yed it had
mmle different rsiimntr. hut diliering prin-
cipally in Ihe mtmbtraf carsavd thc price of
iron. II tlie nnc prospereu, nu iiik cnrs iu
ihc hi"hest cstimate would be reqnircd, and
would pay targe interest ; nnd wilh rer pccl
m iron. its cost was Jnow less hy S 1000,000,
tnan Ihc lowebt cstimate. It Jmight he that
Ihe passagc of Mnunt Holly would cost $150-
UUU more tnan ivir. Liuncri n rsumair; uui
this' wns trifling when assessed on more than
100 miles ofrailroad.
When hc conlrasted lhe parsage of Mount
Holly with the path ofthe Westcrn, oyer Mt.
Washington, on grades ofcighty feet, whcre
a million iiad been spent in tcn railes. nnd
thc directora Iiad not darcd to show the line
lo the stockholdcrs until thcwork wasaccom
nlished. ihe paisage of Mount Holly appear
ed pcrfcclly ineignificant. It was sufficient
lo say, that, so raduat was tho nsccnt, you
could trol your norse over me summtt Deiore
you discoveicd it, while a beautiful and pro
ductive dairy farm crowncd Ihe highestacliv
itv ol lhe line.
As rcspects the gradc of sixty feet, it is
donbiless inferior to one of forty feet, but in
praclice, a gradeof sixty lect might hc run
with success. The cradc from Springfield,
ri', excccdcd sixty feet, nnd cars run daily
with piecision and prohlahle loads, and hc
had known more Ihan lliree hundred passAn-
gers pass orf r il in a singlctrain. With sucli
giadcs, it was somcwhat amusing to hear the
Westein Railroad Company inviting ihe cit
izens of Vermont to make dotoiir ofeightv
miles to the south, to join them at Pittsfield,
to pass over lhe expensivc cighty lect grade,
to avnid lhe imacinary horrors of Mount
llollv. Sucha line weuld benNcw York
line. nol a Boston line. and find 'its principal
sunnort in New York journals, Let Ncw-
York build hcr own railroads ; Boston cannnt
yet build them for her,
He belicved the Rutland route would pay.
Wo build roads to Plymouth, to Dcdham, to
Lexinrton. to, Fitchburnh, and olher smaM
towns, and they all, wilhin a fw years allcr
they ure finiEhed, make liberal relurns, how
ever humble their prospecis at the outset.
Here was a valley studdcd with large and
prosperous towns, each ot ihcm worthy o("a
railroad, and .if in Massarhueells would have
had one, and yet their maganesc, their mar-
ble. and their iron, their oais, pont anu wooi,
their delicious hutter and chcese, were sub
jectcd to such chargcs and cxposHre on the
wav. that Ihcv could not mcet iho products
of Michigan oi.equnt terms in themarkets of
A widcranaeol hills seperatcs the Rutland
and Vermont Central. The lormer will also
touch thc Lake at Vergennes, and thus copc
Ihe iron nnd produce ofthe Eoutnern shores
of Lake Champlain, nnd bring thcm 50 miles
nearer Boston, Ihan bythe Nortnern route.
Thc line extcnds to Burlington, but wero
you to cul offthe line south of Burlington, he
donbted not il would pay a iioerai reiurn.
Thc route derived the countcnance ofthe
Boston mcrehants. It was to them a qucs
tion whether one hundred flourishing towns,
and at least Ihree hundred country merehanu?,
should be transferred Irom New York to Bos.
ton. It camc home to the pockets of all in
some shape or other. It was ol interest to all
who had at hearlthc growth and prosperity
And what were vou asked ta do? Itwa
to raise $200,000 only loadd toasubscription
nfn million in Vermont. They had not inthe
in.'eriorsufficient8elfreliance; they had not
learncd, nshe had, that a country subscrip
tion was more lo be relied on thari a Boston
onc. The mercbant would oflen sacrifice a
smalt invrstmrnt, while the farmer, who
madehis-money in mall sums, hetd hiatew
nharcs with an iron grasp.
But there was n prestit about Botlon.
Hersuecesi in railroads eaveher weight and
influence, tind hcr action wootd inspire cour
agein the intenor. And what was $200,000
lo Boston? Itdid not eqat the dividendof
two ol her tactories. or two of hcr railroads.
Paid in smalt instalments, it would not be felt
and the rond itseit woutd be builf by sections.
He knew the pow cr ol uoston ; nnu seen,
uftiMn n fpiv monlhs. three-lbld that sum rais-
ed here to buv ihe Michigan Railroad, and a
still larger sum to buy the railroad from Phil
adelphia to Baltimore ; and heknew wilh rea
sonable eflbrts it would besecured. Hetrust
ed Bostonians ur.dersiood and nppreeiated
thc railroadsofMassachusetts. They would
this yenr bsar upon their cars more ttan nau
a million tons of freight, and the railroads
through Vermont, built at half the cost ofthe
Wpstern. would soon rivnl the Western.
The line to Ogdensbnrgh would be carricd
through, and connect wilh one or more ot the
Vermont roads. Mr. Hayward.theengineer,
had justreturnedlrom its survey, and spake
olit as asurlace line, wnn nograum irum uk
west exceediniT 26 feet to the mile. The fer- j
ry across Lake Champlain could be reduced '
io two miles. On such irrades 3000 barrels
ol flour could be drawnon one train. andhe
would venlure to nredict, Ihat wilh Ihe aid ol
this cheap line, flour should be delivcred at
Boston, from the Great Lakes, ns low as al
New York, and we should compeie, onnt
!eat equal terms, lor tho tnree mittions oi
harrcls soon deslincd to be four which de-
cend tlie Erie Canal; and when ho consider
ed Boston was in lhe veryAcariofMassachu-
sctis, at least 200 miles nearer England. ann
glanced for a roomentnt tbefrugaltty and cn
crgy ol lier navigators, hi could not doubt as
to'which city would gain the eventual asccn
dnncy. Hc trustcd the enterpnze woum succeeu.
stocks would not depreciate, if thelriends of
earh enlerprizc would susla:n their own and
Ibrbear Irom assailidg others. They might,
and he trusted would, go on liarmoniously
and successfully together, and find ample
scope forreach other on their individual re
sources. v
Vermont Railroads. The following
voles have been passed, wilh a view of har
monizing lhe conflicting interrsts of thc dif
ferent railroad companies which are either
conslruciing orcontemptaiing routcs towards
Lake Champlain:
For thc rurnosc of nroducinjr harmonja-
mong thc stockholdcrs oflhe sevcral railroads
which are in pro'gres of construclion between
the city ofBosttin and Lake Champlain, &
ofcnabling the respective directors of said
corporulions lo act lreely, and to adopt such
incnsures as they may judge to he conducive
lo the truc ititercsts ol iheir scvcral corpora-
iions, and whereas, an unuersianoing nas
subsistcd or bccnsupposcd tosubsislbctwccn
Ihe directors oflhe I' itchburgh and Vermont
Central Railroad Corpomfiens to lhe cQcci
Ihat the directors of lhe Vermont Central
Railroad comuauv should not connect witi
lhe Norihern Railroad Corporation, without
lhe asscnt, first oblained, ofthe Directors of
lhe Filchburg rjilroad.cnrporatton, and a likc
understandine to the t-flect that the Direct
ors ol the Fitchburg Railroad Company
tdiould nottliany nianiieraid or countcnance
the construction ol lhe Rutland Railroad, so
r.allcd, without lhe nsscnl. first obtained, of the
Directors of the Vermont Central Railroad
Cornpany ; and whereas it is dcvmcd lo be
ndvisalle Ihat lhe said rcspeclivccnrpoialiotis
as such. and tucir rcsncctive ht.arilinl direcl
ors, and their individual stockholdcrs sh'juld
be pcrfeclly free nnd iintrnmmrlled hy any
obligation, or honorary uiulcrstanding, now
cxisting, or supposcd, by nny pprsons or cor
poralions, toexisl, iu relaiion lo ihcpremite;
Kcsohtd. That the Direrlors oftha Fitt h
bur-jh Railroad Company hereby agrre thal
llip Vprmnnt npnlml Ilnilrnad Caiiinanv. ar
auch, its officers and individunl siorkhofdere
shall be perfetlly frcc and fully at lil.e ty to
act wilh, and reccivc aid from, and ronucci
wilh theNorthern Railroad Company (N.H.)
when, wherc, nnd'upon such lcims ap ll.c di
rectors or stockholdcr ol said Vermont Cen
tral Railroad Company mny dreni for thrir
interest it being undcrslood, that all other
tcrms and conditions ol subsrnpnon lo ihe
stock ol the Vermont Central Railroad Com
panv slinfl remnin unrhnnged.
I'rorided, hotcerer, Thal lhe Directors of
the Vermont Central Railroad Compnny shall
also agree that the i ilchbtirg Unilroail Com
pany, ns such, and thc dirrctors and stock
holdcrs llicreol, shall be at kberly to nid and
countcnance and subscribe lowards the ron
struction ofthe Rutland Railroad, so called,
and not onlylo agree upon terms ofconnec-
tion wilh thc Champlain and Connecticut
Rivcr Railroad Company, bu a'so to assist
the enlerprizc inany manncr whirh they shall
see fit.
Thc foregoing preamble and resolution.
having Jccn subtnitled to the Directors ot the
Fitchbhurg Railroad Company, ata meeting
tiem oy inem on v riday, uctobcr 30, io4U
were unanimously adopted.
Clerk F. R. R. &c.
Boston Octobrr 30, 1S4G An informnl
meeting oflhe Bonrd of Directors ofthe Ver
mont Central Railroad Company, was held
ihis day in this city, al wtiich a majority of
thc lioard was reprrscnted. It was volcd
unanimously tliat'tliis board asscnt to the a
bnve preamble and rcsolvc, adopted ihis day
ky the Directors oflhe Fitchburgh Railroad
Company, nnd ngree Ihat the s&me shall br
adopted by this Boaid at their next meeting,
lo be hohfen on the 9th nf Novembcr next.
Ulerk pro lem,
Don Manuel Augustin Hcrcdin, tho vreal
thicit n:an in Spain, was in ercat dislress
conr.erning lhe safcty ofa vessel he had dis
patched to China. On hearing that his vcs
sel had orrived at Mnlaga, on Ihc 14 of Au-
gnst tciVA aeargo viorth fourteen mUlions of
dollars, lhe Uon lell and immediAtely ex
Sicknessat the West. In Michigan,
vvisconsin, indiana and lllinois, savs theN
Y. Commcrciat Advertiser, ihcre has been
much sullenng this lall, pnrticularly in the
villages bordenng on slreams. Wc have
now before us an accountof one fumily at
Watertown, Wisconsin, who removed some
months ago from Onondagn county, N. Y.
their number when they removed waa eichl
pcrsons, scven of whom have dieil. loavintr
oniy one daughteraged Z years.
There is a segar factorv in Manilla. Asia,
in which len thousand girls (Indian or Ma
tays) are employed.
Somebody has made n calrulation Ihat
New Mexicoand Culifornia. will makeaeren-
States as largc as New Jersey.
The bcsj way to be happy is to tliink no
placo more agreeable than the placo you are
A Frcnchen!rineerhas conceived the idea
offurnishing water in the desert of Sahara
bymeansof Artesan wells. The govern
mentis cngaged putting theptan into execu-
tton. Ii will have the most important conse-
quences, ifthey get lhe water.
The number o! letters mailed wiiliin iho
inonlli of Oclobcr last, was 1.993.387 in the
free States. and 884,109 tn lhe slave StHcs
The number mailed in Ohio durinir that
month was, 203,303, and in Kcntucky, 71-
Vire- Tho dwelling-house and sheil of
nn V Cnrnenler. Eso.. ot Moretown, was
buint, on Sunday mornino; last. Insurcd $500
in the Vermont wuiuai.
A Ponm.rM. Our tons Isays Mrs. Sig-
ourney ) hold themselves erect wiihout busky
or corsei, or irame wow or wamis oouo. u uj
should not our daughters ?
Flour. in coceeauence ol the news from
Europe has gone up 75 cents on the barrel.
Mr. Fox Ex-Brittsh Minister, died in
Washington, D. C., on Wednesday last.
Ois death, it is said, was hasteneneu by an o
ver dose of Morphine.
RenmmcivP Jlommiism. Ten persons in
nuhlin have Ialclvrcnunced ropery, Three
oflhe converts we're educated lbrthe Roman
Catholic priestltoud-
ofSsmuct H. Nye, of Nor
wich, Vt. was found in tho Champlain woods,
Conada, probably killcd by wild beasts. He
has a son in Mexico.
Passo. While Gen. Taylor awaits the or-
ders of Government at Montcrey, thc other
divisions of the Amcrican army are making
rapid progress in extensive districts of Mexi
co regions abounding in mines. vinevajds,
and other productions, m wlueh tbe uruisu
States ure most dcficient.
The ciiy of El Passo, between New-Mexi-co
nnd Chihuahua, is described by Pike,
JCendall, and other travelers, as abounding in
uiine nrsuDerior tlavor and creai cneapncss
and Mc. Culloch describes the province of
Coahuila as lhe. only dntnct out ol europe,
cxcept a few istands on lhe Africanpoastad
apted to vineyards. Should Ihis district'ev
er he incornerated into Ihe Union, wiuc would
bccome an article ol export, nnu mc region
would eiwr a mosi auracuve punu iui un
man emigrants, from the densely populated
rpmr.n sl 1MP lllline.
Chihuahua, proDaoty nowin inepojstsMU"
ol Gcn Wooi, who moves hy tne way oi
Bexarand Prcsidio, or Gcn. Kcarney, is our
oflhe most iinportant inland cities ol lesico.
and aboul equi dtslant bctwccn tne mouiuoi
the Rh Grandc and uuyamas, on ine i ncii
ic, being less than 5C0 miles from each. Chi;
hunhua once containcd 70.000 people, nnd
now from 10,000 lo 12,000. H is cncirclcd uy
,ome ofthe richest mines ofsilvcriimll Mex
ico. nmong the most cctehrnlcd of which are
El Passo, Batopilas, St. Eulalin, and Mordes.
Tliisminc wns discovcrcd hy tvto lndians jn
1826, nnd they arc said lo have laken from it,
in two monlhs, $27C,000 in filvrr. Undcr
Amcrican coitirol, this mineral distric.'. would
herome lhe moM productive in thc wnrtd.
Thc troope undcr Gcneral Wooi will doub
rrs move wi'stward to Guyamas, n cily of
3000 pcoplc. whicli haH becn loundcd sinrc
the revoltition ol Mexico suprrior to Ara
pulco, Sl. Bla, and Maznttan. nnd from thr
coursc of nimls more accc6sable to vcsel
from China.
Mc Cullorh sppaks of this port as 'a mag
r.ifirent harbnr and Ihc bestin Mexico.'
'ThUinlet (hesavs) is capnhlo of nccom
modniinir 200 vcssrls, and is shcllcrcd froin
all windi hy thclofty hills which surround il.
ind ihc island of Paxazos, whirh forms .i nat
ural brenkwalcr before its rnlranre. Closp
to the picr ihrre is five falhoms water." The
climalc is h.-nlihy, alihnugli ht.
The ncqiiiMlion uf ijiis port mnst be ofihf
highcst importunrr, ifwe nre lo retniii,ainon
accms probablc. the northcrn proviurcs ol
A corihin of pnsts, fiom Tampico ncrosF lo
San Blas or Mazntlan, occupying lhe few
pasra ofthe motintnins. and a lcw rcgimcnts
-itiitioiicd niMnlnmnros, Catnargo, MontcrPy,
Durango. Chihuahua, Sallillo, Sanla Fc and
Guyamas. willcntircly sever lhe lliinly popu
lated districts ol ihcnoilh fromMexico. lios
ton Couritr.
Thc Union contrudirts lhe viry coufrlent
itatements thal lhe Prpsident has called iiit"
senrice the Pennsylvaiiia and New York vol
unleir. It says iifficially, that Gen Pattcr
son is to be traiisporleu with an army froni
thc mouih oftlie Ringrandrlo attack Tampi
co, and ihen to pcnetrate lhe countiy and
iiiin Gec. Talorat Sau Lnis I'ntusi. Wp
have also strong runiois that Veia Cruz and
us strouc castle is tn be atlackcd.
Com. Sloat, lalecommandrrof our Pacifir
squaaron, hns arritrd rt Hnvana across llii'
isthmu. The California coast is in our pos-
session. Gen. Paradcs, late Presideut ot
Mexico. has chanBed placcs with Saula Anna
and has nrrived at Havana. Santa Anna hail
lefl Mexico for thc armv with 4,000 men.
Mexico ha reduced allduticson imports 5(1
ner cent. The Cahfornians. cenerally. arr
well dispnsed towards the United States. hav
ing becn much ahused hy Mexican comman
Cornspondtnct of the Pkiladelphia U. S.
U. S. Flae Ship Savanuah,
Montcrey, Territory of Califonun. July 27.
Sia : I send you this hy ihe sloop-oi-war
Levant, which is bound to I'anama, Com
niodore Jnlin D. Sloat, nho comes home by
that way. and send ynu all lhe news I am iu
nojiesion of. We left Mazatlan on the 9th
ofJunc, and arrived at this place on the Cd
of July, all well. On enteriug the bay. we
found lyingat anchor the sloopg-of-war Le
vaut and Cyane: and, on the 15th of July, ihe
fngate Congress. Coinmndore 11. t . atociou,
arrircd, all wcll.
On tbe 7th of July, 1846, at balf-past ten
o.clock. we sent our hoats aihore,. armed
undcr lhe command afCaptain Mervine, took
the place, hoisted the American ensign. and
saluled it nith twenty one guns. and evei
since we have had a strong guard on shore.
to protect tbe place. From all nppcarauces,
lhe inhabitant are wcll satisficd. On bun
day.lOlh ofJuly. Col. Fremont and his par
ty arrived here. Anobler-Iookmg.set of men
l nsver saw full of health and yigor. They
have a Deleware Indian Chief with them, aod
sime Indians oflhe same tribe.
We have had the pleasure ot a visit from
Col. Fremont. We have rereived blhcial
infbrmaiion Ihat ihe flasr oflhe Uniled States
is now flying on Yerba Bucna, St Johns, Su
tas lorL on the Sacrimento. Favrili'.i.. Seno-
ra, and Bodega, and that the forcas of lhe
United States have quiet possesion oflhe
Bay of San Francisco, and all the country
wilhin onc hundred miles around.to lhe man-
ifest salistaction ofthe inhabilants, many of
whoi have enrolled themselves under the
flag and officers for protection. In taktng
possession ol lhese places, many fine picees
ot brass aidinance have been ncquired. The
stoop ot war Porthsmouth, Capt. Montgom
ery, is lying at San Francisco, taking care
of "ihat part of the country.
As Commodore aioat icavcs us, we snai.
he under command of Com. R. F. Stockton,
and Captnin Mervene takes command of our
ship, and Capt Duponts of ,lho sloop ofwar
Cayr.e. We expcct to teavc this place in
two or ihrce.months lor home.
A Iettcr from Tcnic lMexid. Pacific ocean.
Sept. 12. says Commodore Stockb'n has de
clared the wholc Mexican (Pacific) coast in
,i state ofrigorous blockade. The Commo-
A ,
has retired ro lhe South. CommnH ." : Lorc!,
ton has despatriied the Cvane. wlit, r-.i..
Fremont and" his- two fiundrcd riflernen to cul
off his retrcaf, and the Commo.lore, with ihe
marines of tfiesq.uadron, Fs to engagcrmr, Ra
he wheets about to lhe North. He is a sn.
age mflifary chreflai'n a usnrpcr who hn.
co vered this country for years wilh rapi'ne and
uiood. iiemassncred in mc most bnital man
tier, ut afew days since three Amcricarr
residents here. His oyerhrow will be hailei!
by nutivcs as well ns forcigncrs. He is liehl
ns an outlaw by bolh.
"We have taken the harBor of San Francis'
ro. anu! our Hng ffoats oter lhe bright bpfraries
ofthe Sncramento. All Calalornia will, ina
few months, be undcr its protection. The
nalives, disgusted with lhe swav ofmiliinru-
chicltains, nre flying toit lor repose, lor hopc,
nnd the blessings ofa republican goycrnTnenr.
Uur government cannot pull it doivn it they
wanted, or make it stay down. Tho pcoplc
will run itup aain : thev are delcrmined Ut
establislia new slate aud connect themselves
with"our Union Mexico cannot prevent this.
She has bnt rery little to do with Calafornin
foryeari1, aud hasnbandonrd herto thccrucl
sway of bloody usurpers, till the people have
nt last riscn in arms.
uji.iu .-ij 1 1 sz. ii iuccini oi
the Whigs of Exeler, nn Tuesdny evening, a
resolution was passed ri'commcndi.ig Dnnicl
V17Ur IllMncillnn . .z r
ivcosiernsa cund.ilatc lor tne next rrcsi
dency. JC?"At Manchester, a beautiliil girl trom
Saco, Mcn an operalive in onc ol lhe mill,
poisoned hereclt on lhe night ofthe lllhinst.
She Ind been scdurcd under promiso ot
niarriagc, hy n mcrchant who has lell the
M ASSACHUSETTS. This commo n
weallh Iia.- prcpareu an ahsiract of pauper
rcturiiK for 1S45 hy which it nppcars that
there ure 14,161 ynupsrs in thc state.
CONNECTICUT. It is staiod thal Janies
51. Scofierd, edilnr of the ITow Lrndon
Morning Sinr, hns n:cciuty hocomp. sols
' i. .r , j .
ncir, uy mc nr.iin iu n u.iirucir imciu io iin
eslale inthe Norihern part ofScolhuul, said
to hc worlh $TS0,000.
RHODE ISLAND. Thc New England
Iron Co'i pany, at Providencc, are making
iwcnly lotis cf first rato railroad iron- daily.
M A RYLAND. Tn nnltimore. on Tucs-
il.iv pvpliiin'. Alm. Friiuri-jt A. W:,nt n
young Inily wns fnund hy hcr hushand nn rc
tur.iiug frum his business, silling deiid iivhtr
rocKiug cnar. wnn ner sewmg iu ncr inp.
NEW YORK. Two young nirn who
were nttrndi.ig Ihc Geimessce Aca.ie:ny,
placcd a kcltle of biirning rharconf UtitUeir
-Iccping ronm an goinglo bed.aiul-llic next
mnrninir ai 5 o'clock, MrMmrh w:w jwi ablu
lo cmnl from lhe room, tutd.Ttiixler wimi
Rcvnlutionnry sotdier ilird at I'.'iilndrlphi.-!.
n Tiirsdny. ngpd one hundred aud thrce
yrnr. and sixtcen days.
OHIO. A Mi.s Salls.nnn hnB rcrovercd
51,000 from Willi.im MrClillaiul. in Suu
hcnrille, fora brcach of proniHC lo marry.
KENTUCKY. CaptaiiiThninas F.Mur"
hall nnd Licuteiiaiil Jackron oflhe let Ueg.
Kentur.ky Cavalry, hail u hlondlcss 'ulliiirof
honor,' ncnr Por' Lavnrca on thc 3d insl.
Aflrr two ineffccttialidintK. thc difficully was
imicahly nrrangcd. Caplain M:ir-hall was
GEORGIA. Nn lcs than thrce Buirilrr
prs jre to Ur excculed iu Guorgia on lhe 2.Sili
Nov.: Warren J. Bno.i, and hi.t hrodu-r
Kiichcn P. llooti, fiir lhe niurder of J.mn-s
II. AIop; and Thomas Scaly, for the niur
ler of Clianibcrli.-FH.
M1SSOURI. A pnor EnglWimnn, with
a wife nnd f.tmily, livinr iu Si. Lou'u, has
had a fonune of $265,000 in moncy. and n
lamily estate worlh $11 1,000, rcccmly lcfl
liini by a dccenscd rclative.
The llon. H. ClarKe, of Providti'cc lias
becn clfcted Spnalor, iu Congress, lor fix
ycnrs from lhe 4th day ol March next. Thu
vote sl'ind
John II. Cl.uke. 59
T. W. Dorr, 34
Scatlering 5
22 ofthe 31 Coiigrcssuicii !
A Whig L.cgislature !
Thc rctnrns rcceived sinee our Inst, fully
confirm lhe Triumph which ll.c Whigs have
achieved. It is ovcrwhclniing. Evcn more
Ihan was hoped forby thc mostsanguinc has
been iicl'ieved. Few, acquainted wilh tho
iientimcnt of Ihe State, doubtcd Ihe delVat nf
Silas Wr.icirr- Hc had nrudered !iimsell
obooxious to thc People. His Excculive ca-
reer had beon distinguihed by cxircme po
lilical malevolence, and the most bitter hns
tility to ihe trun intcrests ofthe State.
It wns not. however. dcemed nrnti.ihlp
ihat the Whigs could succeed in elccting a
majority of the lower House. In sevcral
counties, whcre they were strongly in tho
majority, Ihens were Union and Anti-Rcnt
Tickets, upon which men of ci.her pariy
were plaeed, while in others,. whcre il is now
evident Whigs might hnve Fuccccdcd, no
mcmbers were put in nomination. Yot, nol-
'.villislanding this adrcrsc state ol tlungs, thc
Whiirshavo carricd a hnndsomc maUritunl
the lower house, and will probably have n ma-
jotity on joint ballol though of ihis thcrc is
still some little boubt.
On members of Congress, our Iriumph i
ovcrwhelmingand glorious. The election of
a majority ofthe mcmbers froin ihis State,
was considered barely possiblc. Our fricnds
wtre determincd to try. In most of lhe Dis
tricts, they placcd their very best men in
noniiuatiun, and madca vigorous canvass for
them. The resultis their reward. We have
a majority of the Dclegation, thus shnwing
that upon National as well as State issue?,
Aew l'ork iscmpnaiicany wnig.
The IFhigs will have one, pcrhnps hoth.
ofthe Canal Commtssioners. Mcssrs.Clowes
(W.) nnd Hudson (L. F.) nre most likcty e-
The only drawbark to this chccrinavictn-
ry, is the probable defeat of our Lt. Gover
nor. This is a sourcc of extreme re-rret. Mr.
Fish is a true vVhi?. He has becn faiihftil iu
all cmergencies; and his election would have
been hailed wuh enihusiasm throughout the
Stalc, as his probable dcfcat will be received
wilh profouiid regrct. If he is dclcated, it "
clcirlyniiribuliihle tothe malignant attack
ofthe Exprcss aud Couricr. upon tnc char-
uorc . proc.amat.on lo ihis cficctis-pubKshed.
grfffictronboenlthefngate Cm.
We sailed from HonoIuUi on tlie "3d r
June, and arr ved here ii..- . '
days. We tound all Ca crnir-"6 f 23
revolution, nnd the AmSZlT f
Monterey. Tliere has been bufS ffi'
ing as yet. as Gen. Castro. l L' e.fieht-

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