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H . BELL,
EDITOR AND PROPR1ETOE. TERMS OFVOTUME X I I. -. $200 ftl 75 illa'e mbscriberf, c Mafl Sub?cr;bcr.vhhm .he State, If not paia w'"" ' Siate, nUU subacribers o"'Ve.Bh0 t. 2 00 lJ!l75Ji.CnotP;aid whU. the year. a ''" . .. i. f Pn.iriclers arcpaidex- wfii. or P;rean7aentcd to bj tbe propr.e othenviso allowed exrept asteaic tor. . . ,, ke nddrcssed totbcedi AI commnnicatiom must e nu crrosTPAiD , . r,. nnunint Kaltu Hott has a pieasaui , - . 1 T.v-.,;f Thcre is something m this rvav OI - . . ..i.f .W of ta that reniinds one irrcsistibly of Southwcll, and that set. Exr. THE SIIOWER. BY TUK ItEV. RALPJI UOTT. In r Tallcy that I know Happyscene! Thcre are mcadcwsslopinglow, Thcre thc fairest flowersblow, And tbe brightest watcrs now, AU screne; But tbe swcctcst tliing to sec ; lf you ask tlic dripping tree, Or thcharvest hoping svrain; Is thc Rain! Ali, tbe dwcllers of tbe town, How they sigh, How ungratcfully tlicy frown, Whcn the cloud-king shakes liis crown, And tbe pcarls corae iouring down From the sky ! Tbey dcscry no charm at nll Where tbe bparkling jcwcls fall, And each moinent of tbe shower Seems an bour! Yct thcrc's something vcry f wcct In thc sight, Whcn thc crystal currcuts mcct, In thc dry and dusty strect, And thcy wrcstlc with the hcat, ln tbcir might! While thcy cem to hold a talk With thc stuiies along thc walk, And rcmind ouc of thc rulc, To'kecpcooll' But in that quiet dcll, Krcr fair, Still thc Lorddoth all things well, AVbcn his clouds with liWmgs swcll, And thcy breaka brimming shcll Onthcnir; Thcre the showcr hath churm', Swcct and welromc to thc fanns, As tlii-y lislcn to iu voice And rejoicc ! Seci:iok from the fm rteu or Hoiic Yesterdavaucrnoon, thc nd Picsbyterian Church inthUutv was thronged with a Iargc co.igrega ti,,to wimess thc pnb'.ic scccs'ion from the .l,M!omc,ofahirge nuinl'cr of t.cnnan lioman CatholU-s. who liaie for some wccks past 1..-CI1 orshiping in Wa-hingtou llall, Tne vciicraMc Dr. Mfilcdoler and KcvM I'tffc. ,r Tappan of New York, were prcsent as a delc vntion f.om thc Amcri.an l'roteMant Society. iacStll.len ou;.udthc,..mr.U Vcws of the ci.nrch. an-i with ih.-ir fjn.ilie- and friends m at-vrt-rc nuout in nuniber. After an eanicst a.ldrc from Mr Ci'i l.nian. i:i r.nB!is!i. and imotlKT froia.i r.- i.Cy -ihctu-1 lion.i-h j.rie.t tbe scmhri i.p nnd g.-.v thfir rni.li 1,IC Hfnt to a frma! mto i .tion of tl.c Church of Komc, nnd exp-.csi.: tiuir u U.iitoni.f tbc U-ad-i:,L' iloolriiics of thc l'i iiK-ti.nl fnith. Onooftbefifr.- eilit-Hiiit-r-. imhc name of ihr rct. nrci-iutd a Gnuun BiWc tirtlicir pa-Tor r.ml re-civcl fu'in liim a j.h-iVtf tlmt bc VTOUl.l i.i,-acli notbin- 1-ut thc tnttii - thcrcin oiitan.-.l. i'hc wrvii-eAwhicli pnitr.i. tcl and iin- .1. prcs-ivc, wcre doscil lv an a.lilrc tdolcr. and thc Apo-toiic bcncdi.-t' fi..m Dr.Mill- on in ticrman bv biiu. 3-vThcrc"are onehundrcd nndtwenty convicts inTlic Michisnn Statc prion. A7ify-5ir nf ihcm came thcrv dircctlv in tonscuucncc 'of hitmna ancr Kvcrv fourtli onc ha lccna Jtumstllcr. i:crr cipbtii onc has bccn a JitilUr or conncctcd witha ditillcry! CIXCINXATI. Ti.it fWv U mnkin!r ranid nro'rrcss in thcannre- . ,:r:A!.i.J from a naper not hcrctoforc notcd for its oj.posi - .: 1 -..rv TIuti- is a Hki-noss in it: Thk Sijive 1'owkr. Uut hcrc wc wisli to ask n uu.tinu of both Whiss and Democrat': Suii- yce nwill icrtainly 1 thc cac that slavchol- ler with thcif -lavc-movc into any tciritory r.c- Hiirc.1 West ol tbc llio tjnindc, do thcv Ivclicvc ti,attlicseMave-iiouici- iu..oi.m.u a cs and institutc slavc institutioiwherc ? Hothcy be - licvc that the Con-mtution of Jlcxico and the dc - clarationsoi ine ouiiremc .umi uutu icr iu iirevent such a rcsult ' V do nnt. On thc con- .' .. M-,m. that on anv tcrritorv witbin tbc terras ralicntas (warm lands) sbivcry" w ill bc inti- tutcd.if acrjuircdby tbc Uuitcd Statcs. Tbc lavc tttatcs bavc dcclartd tbcir rigbt to do sc and the nuic ui j.u........ . ..., NT.,.c T in fsl.lYChol'lm!' StiltCS liavo nimut ..Uvvw. - -r, . --. ----- -- .j- , .i . .. r ,i n Tlicv makc cxccllcntJIaikctlloasDmcctinijs, and lioll ; but ' one t in tbc Govern- ronnt grcat numlicrs on l cnus li nn1.,,i titman ismorc notcnt ii mcnt of this Union than all of thcm put topethcr. Thc intclhgent, strong-nnnded -ristocrat m the Soutli ucs. and has alwavs uscd, in all time, thir very jxilriotic iifipttlses to toll the multitnde in wbat cver dircction he p'.cascs. lf territory is takcn wbcrc cotton and sugar ivil! grow, slavery will go on it, and sbive Statcs arie. Cin. Chromch. THE ritESIDKXCY & GEX. TAYLOR. Thc 'Washington corrc-pondcnt ofthe Balti- morc Amcrican has sccn a lettcr from Gcn. Tay- toit m refcrence to thc l'rcsidcncy, which dispcls altogcthcr the idca that thc Gcncral will dcfcr for Mr. Clat, or submit his claims to a H7.iV; Xation al Convention. Thc writcr ?ays : It is important in this particular, tliat Gcn. Tavlor rcgards himself as alrcady nominated bya portion f thc pcople, in tbcir primary asscmblfcs, .uiu inai ne rcijarus mmsnj us iuiwuj wmmiuw uy u. mu imags gie us euuer the ctmA nomiitations. Thc peoplo are at lilierty, hc 1 bnde or hcr portion; for ccrtain reasons it is says, tovote for him or not, as they think best, but, hnmatcrial to us, and morcovcr no onc shall he shall notdeclin' not cven in favor of Mr. Clay, know your decision " as has becn suggcstcd, thongh lclieving most sin- The" bridcMrmrmi rlld -nM i v ! ccrely,thatmam-bomheconIdname',Mr. Clay ilJ'toiS&ja' Tgl amoug thc numbcr, arc far lettcr fitted than him- 11 ' r hC wm5Pc"'l "Takc the sclf.toperfonnthedmicsofthehighofficeofPres- t,. vt-r c idcnt ofthe United States." Jn. the twinkiing of an cye thc soldier seiz- Somefolks may like this Roagh-and-Hcadv. or ! ed his son-in-lawby the neck, shook liim vic rather rough- and tumblc, uay of getting nbmi- Icntly and exclaiined with a thundering voice natcd for tlie PrciJcncy; we dout, cxactly. lf' "Ha ! vilLtin ! so mv conjccturc was not un Gcn, Tavlor shall ia good faiih submit his claims i founded, that you carcd nothingfor mv dau"h to a hij, Mtional Convcntion and rcccivc its ; ter, but merely for hcr fortune 1 Ileavcn'bc batSuielcstwecaiielectibuthereheplainlvrcI.ry ,n -ur atchcsl know tlien, pudiatcs the arbitrament of an v Xationat Con'vcn-! navc' le man TTho marned you was no cler tion or othcr tribunal, and avows his dctcnnina- 'Inan hc was abrothcr soldier in priijjt's at t:on to run at all evcnts and at all hazards. IIow rC'Jm" gentlcmen are no highwayruen, this comport-; with thc expressed opinion that Mr. i fnends who have done me the service of Clay and othcr Statesmcn aro better fittcd for J provingyou. I shall return hoine with my President than himself, lct his admirers say. Uow daughter and mv monev, and yoa may tro to qocs he know that one of these confesiedly more London orthe'devil lfyoub1cp eapU. atn nuy nct be msre pof ako ? j TTith these words hs transplanted the at- Volume XII. HISCELLMEOUS. TIEE SOLDIER'S S0N-EST-AW. A ItECEXT FACT. Ayoung Englishman, from gaming, loTe affairs, and othcr sucli gold-scattering enjoy ments, liad so ncarly reachedthe ilregsofLis great-grand-fathcrs Lercditary portion, that ne could caleulatc the departing hour of his last guinea. As one cvening he was rcturning home from onc of tliose hauiits of dissipation wHch hc often frequented, feeble in body aa in mind, and for the first time in his life, cas ting a Crm look upon thc ruin of his fortune, he could not welldctermine whcthcr hc should end his troubles bydrawiug the trigger, or by drowiiing. "While he thus ivavcred betwcen the fire and the watcr, thc vcry profound idea occuncd to him, not to lay violent hands ukiu himself, but to allow liim5elf to bo conductcd out of the Iabyrinth ofpoTCrty by thc fair hand of some ivealthy bride. A lth tliis consoling thought he wcnt to bcd, and alrcady in liis nocturnal iisions the rapid toursers ilew, tlie fair girls frLked around him, botli ivliich he was think ing he niight maiutaiu on the dowry of his wjl'c. On the following moniinghe reflected anciv upon thc ilun, and ibund lt uncxccptionablo in evcry point cxcepting the Terj slight cir cumstauccs of not knowing wlicn or wliere hc was to iind the rich hciress he wanted. In Lon don the world rcjrardcd him as nspcndthrift, it was not once to bc thought of hc saw that for the future he umst throiv his nct out elsc wlierc. Aller much cogitation and scarching, hc at last hit iijmn a rich old coloncl, Iiing upon liis ovni estate, about twenty miles from thc capitnl, nho fortunately h:td no acquaintancfs in Loiidon, aul was the fathetofanonlvdaugh ter. Into thc housc of t his gentlcmen, by mcans of a frieiid to whom he promiscd Iialt' the boo ty, he got liimsclf introduccd and reccivcd. The daughtcr of the colonel was an ankwanl cuimtry girl, with round chubbcd chccks like Luben's clicrubiins and particularly cold in tlie liand-iuc-tlowu attire of lier saintcd mother, which did not at all fit her, and was not of course of the fashionablc cut. Hcr mind, too, was as attractive as her attire, she could only talk of hens and geesc; and when any other topic came along, her convcrsation was limited to a -yi'j, ye?, or a'uo.no,' all bcyoud this ec iued io lier to bo ti'nful. This wonian's puppct was indeed a contrajt to the sprightly, gay and liely murphs with whom thcyoiing Britou hadutil this pcriod, been toying; but hc carcfully confined to the solituilc of his own bosom tlie disagreeablc fee ling of hishcntcn and earth distant diirereuce. IHs il.itteriug tongue calls the girls nllincss ce lcstial innoccnce; the red swollen chccks bcli kcued to the beauty of the dull brown dnmask rose. Thecnd ol'the song was, be turned to the fatlier, and sucd warmly for his daughter's hand. The colonel, during his M.ttv vears career throiyhthe world, had collcctcd this much kuottlcdge of mankind, that howevcr flyly the yotiiij; inan had maikcrf himself, he could, nev iTthcless, discoier the fortune hunting throuh thc di.guie. At first, thcrcforc, hc thought of pervmptorily refufinghimpennission to woo his dRiighti'r: but on the otlierhaud, he thought thc iiutli i fajhionabkvindiHjrhapsI mav be deibg l:im an injiistice; hc as yet betrays no nnxicty aaout tlie jortiou, anu wliy sliould tlie jiirl who U niarriaL'eHble, remain loiijier at hoiue 't lii naimcst shall be cranted but hif appam'nt di.-intciX'Stcilncss wiall stand n deci iie irial." J he Kuitor was tl:en mformed that thc fa- I ther had r.o obieLtion to the match. nrovidcd 1 .1 ..... .. i ...i. , .f i.iu :iiiiucj iicr coiueui; auu sne, poor imn;. n-juiciias in ciuiy oounu "Jly tatlici . wiil is mme." Indeed could any tliing else be expected ? In the course ofafcw weeks the marriafre ceromonv was performed at thc countrv-house of the colonel, and he instantly made his por tion. tlurtv thousand dollars, The disfcmbler acted as tliough he vi.-hed to know nothing a IkjuI thc matter, and solcninlv avowed tluit hi had not as yct thought 011 meh things, but that . . . """e 'l"""" lie nau i-egai-ded onlv thc channin oi ius ciianumg wne, wurse imre scJt was ) Avar to him than all the treasures of thr i World. l'loji this they sat down to ilinncr, and the father in law iir'ed anil bciJ!ied that thcv nould make as much hastc as pos'ib'e, as it was his intcutiin that the toun" niarricd : 1)C01,lc al10uu et offl-or Loml01', tIiat un. af. tenioou, and that he bhould ! tJ 1 .,., . , , . , . c"- ! J awfe so.'u? fxcuses about travellmg on the ! "t uay ot lin happinc.-s: but the soldier main- i tained they.were l'utile, assuring him that he ' had reasons for proceeding forthwith to the ' capital, and that his matrimouial iovs would bc ;ls iven ivauzeu m i.onuou as in ttic countrv , ll'l v - i , . J i iiai was io oo uonc, wnv uic journev was mimeuiaieiv unucrtaKen. Thc old maif sccu- 1 red in a small casket. bafore the evcs of tbc , .tlie bridcgroom, the portion of thc bfide, partly m gW and partly in band notes, took it un- dcr his ann, and placcd himscbTby tlie side ot tlie young pcoplc m thc carnage. The roail ran throu"). the forest. and scarcc- ly had thcy fairly cntered it whcn two horsc men darted out from the bniihwood, with niasks ugon their faces, and stoppcd the car riage. Uuc of the pcrsons watched tho pos tillion with a presented pistol, while the othcr aiuiixKicueu inecoacu winaow nnii snirt n are adventurcrs; and rcqucst vou to rive up instantly thc portion of the bride ! The colonel and his son-in-law sworc and ranted, but the robbcr cooly insistcd ujxm his dcmand. After some parleying, howecr,the horseman bcnt tqwards thc young man, and whispered in his car, "That v ou mav sec wc : al niKt reasonable mcn, we leave you thc Middlebury, tonished bridegoom, with a kick, fromttliecar riagc to thc road, and ordercd the pos'tillion to turu about The out-law -trudced 'bSck to London, and had, while on the road theaifest and best opportunity of determining jrhettcr he should now usc a pistol or throw hirnsclfin to thc rivcr. RETEW OF THE PRESIDEXT"S MES- SAGE. CoXCLUDED. Thc foundation of thc President's first, sccond, and last War Manifcstoes' against Mexico bcing thus withdrawn from undcr thcm, what is thcre lcft to sustain any part of the rccommendations, in thc Messagc licforc us, of a further and morc vindicitive prosccution of tlie war ? Uut to procceu: lne grounU upon wlucn tue Prcsidcn: placcd the War, whcu, having got into it, hc was obligcd to call upon Congrcss to sus tain him in it, is, as wc havc sbonn, so far from bcing solid or truc, tliat it is dircctly tlie rcvcrsc. So far from Mcxico having invadcd the United Statcs, ourl'rcsidcnt iuvadcd Mcxico: and, sofar from thc war having -cxistcd' by tlie act of Mexi co, it cxisteu o tar as it is possiuic tor inc uni ted Statcs to be at vcar nithout thc consent of thc warmaking powcr bv thc act of Mr.PoLKuIonc. Xor, in our opinion, did it cxist without prcmcdi- tation. lt nau becn contciuplateu as possiuic, at lcast, from thc momcnt of his coming to thc Prcs idcucy. The govcrnmcnt papcr, a we havc al rcady rcmarkcd, had not licch in cxistcncc morc thau a wcck bcforc, in thatmirrorof tlic Prcsidcn -tial scntimcnt, the invasion, and cvcn thc conuucst of Mcxico, were forcsbadowcd wc may say pre dictcd in tbe eicut of Mcxico vcnturing to excr- :ise any authority on thc banks of tbc Kio Grandc. As carly as Juiic, IS45 Imark the datcl thc Commandcr of thc Naval foa-c of the United Statcs in the Pacific was dirccted to look out for a war with Mcxico, and, ou rcccipt of tlie ncws of it, to posscss bunsclt of tbc port ot ban i rancisco, ou the coast cf C'alifoniia, and such othcr ports as his force would pcrmit. IIc had bccn so instruct cd cvcn carlicr than this: for tlic lettcr to him bc gins : "Your atteution is still particularly dirccted," &c, to Uic contingcncv ot war. Longress was to mcct iu thc IJcccmbcr following. Karlv in 2Co- vember, thc Mcssage ofthe President to Congrcss bcing in a state of prcparation, alrcady containcd, as wc had cvcry reason to bclicve, a rccomincnda- tion ot uostiutics againt .Mcxico, iu somefonuor ollicr, on the ground of unsatisflcl claims of our citizcns, of unpaid iiidcnmity moncy, and olhcr al lcgcd gricvanccs. On thc Kth of 2ovcmlcr, how-. cver, just thrcc wccks bcfoVc tlie scssiou bcgan, infonnation having bccn reccivcd from our Con- sul at Mcxico that tbc Mcxican Govcrnmcnt was williiiK to rcceiic a Conimissioner to ncirotiatc conccming thcMcxic-an boundary.thcMcssagc was pcrforcc changcd. Thc body ot" tlie indictmcnt against that govcrnmcnt was indccd rctaincd, as tlie rcadcr will pcrccive if hc will takc the trouble to rcfcr the Mcssage itsclf; thc rcconiincndation of rcprisals, or cf war in some forra, bcing tlic only thiug omittcd. A Ministcr Plcnipotcntarv was scnt nisteau ot a (..oinmisstoncr our Govcrn mcnt reading to trcat on tlic boundary qucstion without mixing it up v.ith mattcrs with which it had no sort of conncxiou and thc correspondcncc ociwccn our .mmsicranu tne -vicxican autnontics was still going on whcn thc army of Gcncral Tat i.ob was, as if for the tniroose" of prccitiitatin.jr evcnts, marchcd from Coqius Chrisli to tlie llio oranac. -oout uie same timc,ns wc know lrom the Prcsidcnt's Mcssage of hist ycar, he was him self in secret negotiati'on with tfie cxilcd Jlilitarj- Chicftaiu, Santa AxxA.for hat nrccise nurpo-e can only hc infcrrcd from thc fact, that the day aftcr tfie icar was dcclarcd to cxUt. dircctions were givcn to our vcsscls of vrur to allow him to pass into Mexico. All thcsc concnrriiigcircumstanccs show that war was prcmcditated by thc President. Ihc war miglit Iiavc bccn nvcrtcd by Jwxicos ngrceing to sirrendcr to the United Statcs Cali foruia aud n boundary on tbc llio Grandc, wc do not itoiii.t; nor uo wc boulit that thc President and his Cabinet hnvc bcen willing. cvcr sincc tbc war bczan tocnd it v.hencvcr Mexico would n-rrec to surrcndcr to their dcmand all of her tcrritorv that they hac FCt their hcarts on : and that this is what thc Prcsideut mcans whcn he speaks of -conqncnng a peacc. JJtit we Iiavc still Icss doubt that thc original object of this war. nnd the solc truc cause and motire ofit, was Co.no.cest, or, in othcr words, thc cocrcion of Mexico to sur rcndcr territory which Mr. Poi.k anibitioncd the e lat of -Jiinexing" to tbe United Statcs. Mr. Sccrctary Bancuoft, in a lettcr of intruction to Coiumoilore hLOAT,(thcn commandin'r iu thc Pa cific) on the 12th of July, 184C two months aftcr the war was lcgalizcd Ly Congrcss vcry franklv discloseil this fact. -J'ie ou-jixt of the Citiletl Slates," said hc, -s ttnder its righls as a Mlicrent nation, to ros-ESs iisklf etkrxally of ljjer Cnlijbrnia." And, further. said Mr. Banckoft. 'The oly'ect ofthe United Statcs has refcrence to ultimate peacc with Mexico ; idtitnatr, oliscrve ; IHjsscssion of hcr covctcd territory tcing thc ;en u'lunatc object ; and if, at thc peacc, "the basis ofthe uti pusmlrhtis thall bc cstablishcd, the Gov emmcnt cxpcct.s through your fonx'S, to le rorxi) in icTfAi. i'0-.r--ii)N- vf t.wr Calijonna. Tbe President declarcil to Congrcss, it is truc in his Mcssage of last vcaK that this war witli Mcxico had not bccn waged in a spiritof conqucst. v oiiui any one f uppoc. witu thcsc instrucuons to cur avul LommaiiUcr, nnd corrcstmnchnK m stmctions to our Military Coinmandcrs. that he undcrstood the import of this disclaimer? Xo onc can at lcast misundcrstand tbc purport of his prcscnt Jlcssagc, breathing, as it does, nothing but war, a Conqncror's peacc. or the altcmative of the nnnihilation of Mexico. Xor does thc President seem to undcrstand him self m nnothcr rcspcct anybctter than hc did whcn hc disclaimcd nny purpose of conqucst in thc prosccution ot tue war with JLcxico. In sctting fonh, for inlancc. in thc becinmn of this Mcssage, his own lovc of Peacc and strcnuous elTbrts to prcscrve for us its blcss ings, wc must look on him a cxhibiting a vcry signal example of sclf-dclusion. Xo man's pacific merits could well be Ics. His course. thns far, in lus high olhce, on the -ontrary, rcalizcd to thc full. in almost cvery instancc, what we said of it ayearago; namcly, that having sccn that wars were popnlar in this coimtry, and fclt that hc him self was not too popular, he had thought to liim sclf, UI will bc a War President, and that will make me popular and rcndcr all my opponents i.l.U LU.UjlIiU.3 U.I1U.I3I VUlTJIUllII V, I11S VCIJ Inaugural had a full-blown (iiutrrel with Enirland in it, liis first Mcssage anuounccd that he had done ncarly all he could to bring that quarrcl to aiocus; meantime ne naa sccrctly takcn stcps for another with Mexico, by way of "making snrc of a war somcwhcre. So that, no sooncr had tbc intcrposition ofthe Scnatcfailcd him in his ori"i- nal war-plan, thnn, by a diKgent improvemcnt of nis time. nc nau anotncr hght rcaily to sulistitutc for that which had been rcfuscd "him. Grown more wary this time, he took carc not to be foilcd by anotlier hody's iliscretion ; and, tliough Con grcss was sitting for fivc months beforc hc had brought cvcry thing to bcar, contrived to havc a war completelv m a blaze, and our succorlcss ar my placcd in what their prowcssjmknown) sccm ed an almost hopcless prcdicament, lefore thc counay or uongress tncw one woru of what hc was about. Such are thc general and the largcr facts, as to tliat meritjof loving pcaec wlich the President appropriatcs to himself. If wc look closer and scan thc particulars of things, wc must not only say that President Polk is not rjosssl nf W rirtuc of arulcr which ho claims, and wcrect inat we must say it has sbown, and every where ia this Messagc shows himself, utterly indifTercnt to thc camage and calamities of war. Of little le-s tlian stonc, indeed, must his hcart bc, who can look, without the strongcst commis cration, upon the spectacle of a nation reduccd to the extremity of distrcss in which Mexico, known from thc first to bc incapablc of rcsisting n. now stands. Kot one spark of compassion can liis bieaj t ever hnre knoTriij who, aftcr infiicting upon Veraont, Tuesday Morning, a wrcichcd ncoolc, dcstitute of any resourcc a- rainst us but their hercditarv obstinacy, all the slanghter anu humiuation wmcn we havc evcry where iuflicted upon Mexico, can coolly resolvc in liis heart that this is not etiotuih : not Uood e- nough, not tcars enough; not suificient ravagc, not satistactory uisastcr, not-nauonal wo and dcg radation duly dccp ; for that the victim-peoplc, though covercd with blood and prostrate in tbc the dust, still, with dcspcrate tliough fccble hands, fiijlds, tbough vainly, for its heartlis aud altars tbattlicrcrore, as Jlcxico aofj not yicia, we must now begin to strike hcr in hcr vital parts f and, bcsidcs seizing, for ours pcrpetually, territories the utmost that cvcn Kapacity has" darcd avow for our aim, most pacitically and pcace-lovingly cxhorts us to go on ravaging thc rcst of Mexico until thc nation yiclds oris dcstroycd! Whv. the vcn'savage ofthe court vard, in oth cr times that most brutal of mankind, thc bully of the Iiailiwick, who chewcd up an car or nose, or scooped out with his thuinb a jiro.-trate adversa ry's cyc was humane, was gcnerous, in compar ison "with this ; for he, whcn be fought, nevcr fought thc weak, but rathcr his match ; nor, when his rival champiou lay gasping and helplcss undcr him, game to the last aud rcady to die sooncr than utter thc craven word ucnougb," would he havc cvcr though of proceeding to mutilate the van quished, by way of forcing him to confcss himself . couuuercd, and tlicn, morcover, havc hclpcd hhu- sclf to whatavcr he cculd find in the maimcd man's pockcts ? No : ercn in liis hardcncd hcart, thcre wculd bc a manly pity, bccausc there was couragc; if hc did not at once raisc up his cncmy with re spcct, he at Ieas: would not bcgin 'to strike at his vital parts and well for hiin, too, that he would not; for the vcry crowdof a court green, coarscas it thcn was, was" yct undebauchcd of evcry rigbt sentiment by party politics, and would not havc sufTcred in Uic bully what it now cndures in the President. So much for thc mcrcics and the compunctkms of him who proposcs, for tbe lucre of fivc miscra blc millions of indemnities, which ho liimsclf ac knowlcdgcs Mcxico could not raise thc mcans of paying, to butchcr or enslavc a whole cmiirc of licpnblics 1 Iiut this is not all : how stood thc fact of our vcry right to ask for tliose indemnities, aftcr having hclpcd oursclvcs to Toxas, for the libcrty of pcacefully annoxing which it is well known that we stood ready, undcr the Tylrr ud ministration, at any time to havc givcn more than tlic amount of nidcmnitics as a pnce 1 Lvcn m thc momcnt of Anncxation, thc Chairman of the Committcc of I'oreigu Alfuirs in the IIousc of Itepresentativcs, speaking as thc organ of thc Ex ecutivc in the Housc, said, to quict tlie last oppo- sition, that be had thc hberty of assuring tbe llouse that it was ascertamcd tliat tbc mjurcd fcclings of Jlexico could bc hcalcd tcith moiuy. Such was the iutimation thcn hcld out ; and ttierc is cvery reason to belicvc tliat authorized but un- ofiicial ofTers of at lcast the amount of thc indem nities had bccn morc than once made to Mexico for hc rights ovcr Tcxas. Finallv, howcver, in thclicrce confidcnce of lmpuuity, wc took it without a pnce; but at lcast, by alast rcsorvc of sbareor ofpity, upon thc reinonstrancc and thc uuanswerable show- ing of Mr. llcnton, that we wero about to takc much morc than Texas, (which had nevcr pos sessed any tliing beyond thc Xueces,) C'on gress relented, and by its resolution of Anncx- apon ordercd the l--xecutive toadjiist.hylnend- ly negotiation thc jirojier boundary betwecn Texas aud Mexico. And now, once morc thc peacc-lovincness of iins our l resiucni. lus uuiv sioou asigneu T ' 1 Tt- , .. . , . T 1 him. IIc kncw that wo had takcn what we had once oflercd to buv; hc kncAi that if. in honor and faith, thc indemnities were not can- celled by our seizurc of Texas, at lcast that now an injury to Mcxico had becn comiuittcd. Iiut lic kncw tliat, as teeblc as she w as, slc uarc not accept that wan and at once with a pitti- lessness thc most singular, not content tliough wc had justravished lrom hcr a vast and nch territory, nor touchcd by thc forlornucss of a uatiou utterly uuable to revcngc sucli treat ment further than by thc impotent resetitmcnt of withdrawing her Auibassador from our Court, he sends Gen. Taylor fonvard, to seize, in addition to all that she had bcen strippcd of, even tho pctty and barcn slip, thc mere selvage of sand, the descrt plaec between tlie Xucces and llio Grandc, wliicli Congrcss had plainlv meant to spare. For this wortliless object, and undcr circumstances so vchcment ly invoking forbearance nnd mercy, has Mr. l'olk illegally and tiueonstitutionly involvcd us m this cinel war, cvery step m wlucn is plainlv aecording to the progress of his plans, to lcad us further and further into "the bowels of the land." Yct, in the facc of all this, President Folk can taikof liis lovc of Peacc, tho 'libcrality of these tcnnshc has hcld out through Mr. Trist, and cspecially the generosily wilh which, whercver thc swonl goes to cninson the fields of Mexico, the olivc brauch lbrthwith waves as fast as its companiou smilcs! 'Xo connueror that I cvcr heard of,' says Edmund Ilurkc, '1ms cver professcd to make a crucl, liard and itRolent usc cf his conqucst. Xo! The man of the most declarcil pride, scareely dares to trust his own heart with this drcadful secret of mnbition. But it will ap pcar in its tinic. And no man who professes to rcduce anotlier to the insoleut inercv ofa foreign arm evcr had any sort of good will to wanls him. The profession of kindness, with that sword in his hand and that dcmand of surrender, is onc ofthe most provoking acts of nostility. Can'the President so little conccivc liow mere a moekery of jieace and fraturnity is this mvading a country witli -dcclarations ot love. this sweeping oif its proviuccs with a bosom made of olite-branehes, as toexpcctthat Mcx ico will not bc fircd with a doublc rcsentment by the impcrious and degrading, form of nego- ciatiou to wlueh he would liave nersubumit; If he docscxpect it:th';n is hc a' strangcr not only to all the uatural and becoming jwssions of men defendig their countrv, its honor, and its indcpendcnce, but to all thc cxamples of history anu all uic suggestions or pruacncc. War has nevcr thus been made. cxcept by con- querors the most arrogant and mcrciless. i lic rulc of the lioinans, not less wisc than mag- nanumous, was nevcr to negotiate aftcr a de lcat. Can the President intend that wc are to trcat in the face of the disaster, should it cvcr comeV Darc he declarc that the prctendcd 'olivc brauch' would not thcn'be instantly withdrawn? What, then, is thc inevetablc efic'ct but to rc- quirc that they whom wc arc mvading, dcstroving, and dismembcring, should, at cvcry calamftous and bloody defeat comc fonvard and embracc terms necessarily made harder and more humiliating by utter discomfiture the route and dijcrsion of their armics, or the capture of their forccs and cities V Of nego ciation undcr snch circumstances, the tw victis ofBrennus and his Gauls.thc "Wo to thccon- qucrcdl'is the notorious and inevctable law. The sword stands cvcr ready, in all such cascs, to be east into the scalc ol ransom; and none but a nation of cravcns and fools evcr resigned itsclf to making terms at such a momcnt. On tlie contrary, cvery bravc and every patriotic hcart onlv summons np, at such an'instant, a more unconqucrable courage; aud thc resolu tion "Xever to dcspair of thc Rcpublic" bc- comes the only thought wnicn tlic citizen wiu consent to entertain- Tj( nlmast to our mcrcv as sheis, by fac- tion; which not even the extremity of public I Jan. 4, 1848, distress seems ablo to auiet : her Govcrnmcnt and her armics in the hands of those who ap- Iiear equally ineflicient for eithcr peacc or war; icr troorw cvery where driven from the field orlyinq slaughtcrcd; hcr ports, hcr capital.and scvcral of her large provinces in our hands; lier treasury as empty as was our own m tne "loomiest day of our Itevolutionarv strugsle still in the pcrtinacity of hcr refusals to trcat. iMcxicouas shown some gleams ot that old Xuraantinc spirit which prcferrcd dcath to surrender; that Ibcrian obstinacy which the Moor could nevcr conquer, nor cven the irns tablc armics ofXapoleon tamc. Vhethcrshe has caught it from her race, or whethcr the growing fierceneys ofa universal national hate such as alwavs springs up in a country over run by invadeis, inspires it, we should .respect it. It is honourable; it will bc found formida- blc. Such a spirit, once fairlv awakeneil, has cver proved iuvincibic; and so wc shall lind it to our cost, it, by prolongcd and cruel warfare, such as President Polk would have, we stir it up throughout Mcxico. Mcanwhile we say, without hesitation, that shc has in onc instance at least, luauilestcd a faithfulncss of nationality wlucn gocs tar to redcem all the disgracc of her anus. Wo spcak of her answcr with Gen. Scott and his "lorious little arnry at the cates of hcr capital, to Mr.Trist's demands of the ccssion ofJCew Mcxico. That answcr was in thc following terms : "That this propoMtion under the recoirnized right of Mcxico to delibcrate, should bc modi ficd; aud that in the pretensions ofthe United statcs and tlie charactcr ot lus negotiations, its Conimissioner leaves no othcr choice to Mcx ico than thc lossof honor; aud it is that which shuts the door to all possibility of makitig a pcace. "To rcstoro this grcat bcnefit to thc nation, thc Govcrnmcnt agreed to cedc Tcxas and a part of Uppcr Cahfornia, as far as tho further iinc of Orcgon, on the terms were statcd in the instructious; but not even with the reserva tion that Congrcss should approvc it would thc Government consent to ccde moix- csjiccially not New Mcxico,. whose inhabitants hac inan ifested their desirc to make a port of the Mcx ican family with more cnthusiasm than any oth cr part ot the Kepublic. "Ihcsc mcntonous Mexicans, aljandoncu to their fatc during some admiuistratiou, often without protection cvcn to preserve them from thc iucursious of thc savagcs, have becn thc most truly patriotic of Mexicans, because, for getting their doinestic compLiints, thcv have reniembered nothing but their desirc to bo of the Mcxican fkmily, and niany, cxjiosiug and sacnhcing themsclves to the vengciiance ol tue invaders, have rebelled against them; and whcn their plans wcrc discovercdor disconcer ted, and their coii'piracies frustratcd, have a gain conspired; and would any Government sell such iilexicans as a henl of cattleV Xcer! Lct the uationalitv ofthe rcst ofthe Lepublie perish for themV Lct us cvcry onc,pensh to- "etbcr. Ilere is a sentiment, and hcrc a condnct that are worthy of thc most lnagnanimous ltepub lic. Thcy plainly say, "Slaughtvr us; it is in your powcr, ovcrrun us; tor you can: uut not cvcn to snare a nart of our countrv will we cv cr consent to sell or givc to you bravc citizcns who hate vou and loc Mcxiio." And itis thcsc Xcw Mexicans, thus fai.hful to their Govcrnmcnt and thus repaid by its airection and fidelity, that President Polk nitends to drag into our Union, whethcr thcv will or not, bv wnv ofinaking them into a kmd of human indciunity, a conwreal capital, an animatcd scrip, out of which are to bc reiiaid thc o'd losses of ccrtain of our citizens ! A grcat svm- pathy with lovc of country must our President have, and marvellously jirecisc notions abom ;he nght ot aprovmce, a goouilcal more popu lous than was Texas in 1S37, to choose under what Government it shall livc! Iiut we havc filled our vacant space, vnii cxhaiis- tcd our allottcd time. Whateicr morc wc have to say on this Mcxican War, wc must reservc until some occasion shall arise to call foritsutterance. AXTI-SLAVEUY DISCUSSIOX IX EXG LAND. Wc clipped thc following twoor thrcc months sincc, from a skctch of an Anti-.SIavcry discus sion in England, which we found in thc Chron- iclc. W c now think it too racy to bo longci omittcd. Ofall thc isms iu vogue among tlic pcople of this country, none is so utterly dcs titute of praeticable good, orfraught with grcat and almost iuconceivablc mischief as Third- I'ariywn. AMitionism with its appropriatc dcfinition wc hcartily approvc, but it is as diflercnt fiom Thinl-PartyL-m as a Satyrfrom Hyiieriou. The solcuiu trutli is that none but the priinc movcrs apprcciato tho vcritable charactcr of this noxious isui. rt , , i . : i ....u f... Uuri'mgllsU orcinrcu iu pumj; uiiura i.m thcmselve!, what thcy seem to have heard with Mu-redulitv from this side thc watcr. Mr. Gar- rison and "his Anti-Slavcry Lcaguc occitsion no small stir, but thcy had strong oppositiom Dr. Chalnicrs savs hc shall 'blush tohis very tioncs' :r.i... V.V.... i'l.,,n; viibs to thc stonu. The Hcv. Dr. Campbell "(Indepcndcnt.J editor ol fiii i.onuou 11 uiie, a ,.:.nl'itTi fiiiil m nt'stron? anti-sla ven charactcr, vrill havc no ffllowsnip -with thc L.earne or i iounucr. c wp uwi iuv ii l.f ic rn!nrr nti n1irn.Kl our ivauiria ov'"o , 4jnhc UUnstian runuiuu w "ut iu w juuuu in Amcricn, where fchould wclookfor it? J5ut aoconiinf to Mr. Garrison and his lnenils. Christa-mty had no placc in tho United Statcs! . . i l.A tnr1.,1na nll ,n nnn llc inaKcs no e.cc.uo", - ,...,l.i,,,,.Mtmri. 'b cannot abatc oncjotofour prcnously expressed opinion. He tirmh rcscnts our chargc of infidehtv a- "aiusc his Society. c rcply oy its repeiition. Ve, morcovcr," support our ailcgation by a turthcr resoiuiiou oi ua..t-...." .v.v set forthin thc Free Clturdi Magazine for last ..1. ...I.Tntt ; nc frillmTO! U1U1I11I, " . "That this society is convinced ofthe esscn- tial charactcr ofthe Amcncau religion; tnat it : . 1.. ,r,.rl,l nminnntlv but hurtflll 13 1IOL UUI Y ..-- v - .ir.r,.l i;iMHir nf truthand coodness: .i uuawi.. - c . .... . c i . .A ascmbodicd in tne ji.nti-.-iaverj- ciilciei.-, . , i-. i . . . . r ,1 and a delcnucr oi me uni iun . - a.m nf Amon'ran Slaverv: and thcre- as;a".- . - ' . fore, that it is on its rmns on.y that thc kingdom of hcavcn, which is a kingdom of freedoin and gooil will to man, can bc cstablisheiL' UlinstianS 01 AJniaius ;- - Frnae carcfully their import and spmt, and iud"e for yoursclvcs. It seems tlic rcform ol Amcrican reUgion is out of the question; thcre is no middle measurc; it is on its rmns only tha the kingdom of hcaven can be estab lishce r Is more wanted? Morc is at fcand-. Takc, for instance, the following resolution passed by ons ofthe MassachuseUs Lranches of the Garnson Society, and published in their paper, the Standdrd, of the 30th of April last: Number 36. 'That thc Amcrican Board of Commission crs for Foreign Missions have proved them sclves a Icague ofpraetical Athcists, readvto sell the vcry God they profess to worship, at public auctiou, to fill their treasury that they may compass sea and land to niake nroselvtcs: and that it becomcs the peoplo to beware of tliera; and to cndeavor to oallle their wicked .InTrrnc nnnn tl, ,,nnr,rtTn nntm.i f . 1. v 'n .". VJl iuu earth by holding them up in their true charae- ter.' British Christians ! What think vou of this? Wc spcak as to wisc men; rcllect wc liescech you, on this appalling resolution! Wc dare not trust oursclves in an attcmpt to cxplicatc the monstrous compound of mahgnity, folse hood, and impiety 1 lt becomes the pcople to. uewarc ot the Amcncan Uoard ot toreign Missions, and 'cndeavor tobaflle their wicked designs upon the unsuspicting nations ofthe cartli. We shudder at the hardihood that gavc cx- prcssion to such cnormitv! Ivccoucile this languagc with good faith and right feeling, truth and honesty, who can ? Is it iii the pow cr of Iufidelity, spirit, purpose, cxpression, to excecd it ? llear, O ye 'unsuspectiiig nations of thc earth,' ye iiiliabitantsofSvria: Constant- inople, Erzcroom, Tr 'bizond, Matlura; Canton; lsonieo, omyrna, lsroosa, Ahmednuggur, Ccy lon, Africa, Polynesia, hear the voice of war- ning, ana as ye valuc all that is ilear to nun, bewarc ofthe wicked designs of Mcssrs. Whi ting, Goddcll, Wood, Dwight, Smitli, Powcrs, ICing,.Muzzy, Cxswcll, Bridgman, Tliompson, Steel, Adger, Schncider. Prench, Wymannul all such, the emissaries of evil.the liarbingers of ruin, the cncinics oflibertv aud oriimiian kind! Again, Mr. Garrison says, 'vou rcprcsent me as breathing a spirit of ficrcc hostility to ovan gelical religion, ond chcrishing a feeling of b:t tcr coutcmpt for its iustitutions, its nuuisters, and its prufessors. You aro very careful to supprcss all cvidence upon this jxiint, for thc all-sufiicient raison that you 4:111 find none' What! supprvss what wc havc not found I 'Supprcss all cvidence: Xot quite so; wc walkcil in the Iight ofit. Mr. Garrison, nev crthcless, owed soruowhat to our forbearance, for which he seems not dulygrateful, IIc must havc known that thc procecilings of hiuncli aud party supply cvidence on this point ina- bundancc. Js ho now satislicd that thc 'evi dence sct forth '! If not, wc recall to him his own words at the Iastauuiversary of his Socie ty : 'The Amcrican clergv provc themsclves rc- ligious inqxjstcrs. We weigh well our words. As lor knowing Chnst, they (lon t know him: as for loving Christ, they hate liim; as for prea ching the gospcl, they trainple it undcr their feet.' They arc thc ehicf priests and scribcs, and Pharisces, who nailcd Jesus tn the cross, and they prefer Barabbas to the Son of God. We havc now done with Mr. Garrison and his party; and so far as England, at least, is concenicd, trust wchave furnishcdan autidote to his pernicious luciibrations. As we sLitcd in our last, we hold that with respoct to slatcry the Amcrican Churehos are 'slccping in guilt, and if thcy repcnt not, the hlight of Ileaven will incvctably desccnd upon thcm, filling all their uonlcrs witli dcsolation. A Raxpom Thought. Lay it down as a rule that your kind, dear young friends, who tell you cvcrvtlung others say about vou. un- Iess vou havc undoubted cvidence of tlicir gen eral prudenrc and forcsight, do it to pcrplex vou and crcate nuscluel, alwavs cxaggcrating, to draw from you rcmarfcs, which arc quickly carricd back to thc vcrv pcrsons they hae a'lcuscd of wronging you. Thcsc ossipping mischicf-makers alwavs expc-t tobc invitcd to tca, or a fricndly dinner. N. Y. Organ. MORE DEATIIS BY THE S.MALLTOX. Anolhcr dealh has occurred at Xewbuir from the small r-ox. Mrs. Willinms, wife of Dr. Stevcns died last Mondav. The caso at North Havcrhill, nentioned in our last, has proved fatal. Mr. Xelson Samvon, a young man, who wat a studcnt at the Newbury Scm- mary tue fal! tenu, dicd on the 7th. There arc more new cases at Newbury, but they are confined, w iih onc execp'ion to thc faniilics where the disease hasprciousIy made its appcaranee. Elder S. P. Williams will ncccpt our thanks for his kindness in furnishingns with particu lars of the progress of this n 9 'some discase at Newbury, nnd thc assiirancc of our sympathy in his atlhction in thc loss of a ran, and the prostration of onc or morc of his family by thc prevailing cpidcniie. Wc learn from Plainfield that thcre arc sev eral cascs of thc diicasc in that town. C'ulf donian. O.VK LlSK I.V THE ClIAI.V OK SlWEHT Br.OKtN. Thc AllanyEvcJournalofThurs dav last, saya, the llouse of Kepresentatives has, by the casting votc ofthe Spcakcr, refer rcd .1 Petition asking for tho prohibition of ihc Slavc Trade in thc Diitriet of Colnrabia. lliLs is a grcat triuinph Freedom's wedge ha3 at lcngth cntered. lt is but a few- years sincc a Represcntalivc was adjudged guilty of con temiit for otrering such a Petition. Jay we not look forward to no vcry distant dny whcn thc rcproach of Slaverv may bc wipcd out of ti' . ff..t 1.:- lue xisiricL ui uuiuiuuio. HOHItlBLE ACCIDEXT. TheWhiteball TclecTanh eives tlie particulars ofa most shocking accidcnt which occurred t a inill in that place on Monday last. It appears tliat a Mrs. ltEOAS, witn anotner woinan anu a little girl naraeU Stimsos, bcing in tho mill, Mrs. U. and the little girl at down upon 11 drntn, whcn thc clothcs of tbe little girl caught in an tipright shaft. In attcmpting to cxtricate hcr, Mrs. 11. was also caught anU boui wcrc urawn m usiwccn and sbaft. nDd twistcd around thc lattcr. Their screams brought asistance. whcn the milH was stopped, but it bccame iieccssary to raiso anu rcmovc the mill-stone, which occupicd an hour bcforc thcy were takcn out. Their limbs were all brokcn, those ofthe little girl were twisted from her bodv, and thc liones of Mrs, lt. protruded through" hcr flcsh. Thcy were taken totbehos iiital and their manglcd limbs aniputatrd by Dr. J. O. Milton The little girl dicd soon aftcr the a'.nputation, and the woman is not cxpccted to survive hcr injuries. Irs. Recax and her hus band had only been one wcck discharged from tbc hospital, where thcy were confined with the ship fcver. Tho father of the little girl lircs in Whitehall. IlncmnLE. leam from the Cincinnati SLmalthat a little rhild about four years old, the daughter of Mr. Bcntly, reading in tliat aty. got up earlv in the morning and wcnt up stairs where a lamp'had bcen lcft burning. At tlic same time hcr mother had. itcpped to a neighboring house on an crrand. Whcn shc rtturncd she misscd the child, aud recollecting that she had given hcr pcrmission to go up into the room, went to sec. hr ITnnn hcarimr a croan, she openctl thc door, and found hcr little daughter lymg against it a blackcned dnder! The Limp being upon the floor it was snpposed she had takcn it down and ' THE GALAXY r nBLTSHED ETZRT TBESDAT M0R5IS6 ik sthmrt's Bnii.ni.tos, BY JUSTUS COBB, BY WUOM JkLZ. ORDEltl TO r BMTIIf S HAMDB1LLS, (Zatlss, Ofoverv ffiflcrintnn t,nnnn,rM 1 11.s1.1111.niJi. niirri hi minrT iinii.n i sct fire to hcr clnll.inr. m th nf m lf -ro 'l plctely consumcd. Her facc and ncck were most ' horrrbly mutilatcd, hercves almost bnrnctl Out, : and her body cotaplctelT'roastcd. Thc little suf 1 fcrcrlingercil ncarly an'hourafterihe was discor-. 1 crcd by her disconsolata mother, whcft death clos- f cd hcr agonies. Mlt CLAY AND SLAVERY EXTEX SION. Tlicre sro thoso who object to Mr. Clay' Specch at Lcxington that he blinkcd the qucs tion of Slaverv Extension, and in cffcct took no hctter ground than .'r. Calhoun or any other Slavery propagandist would rcadily havcf Uakcn, because his resolutiou is wordcd ts fol- lows: "Rosohed, That we do, positivelv and cra phatically, disclaim and disavow any wish or desirc, on our part, to acquire any foreign ter ritory whatever for the purpose of propa"atin S'avcry, or of introducing slavcs lrom llic nited Statcs into such foreign territory. Lct us consider this point: That Texas was acquircd for tho exnrcs purpose of upholding Slavery thcrcin, and thus strcngthening iti power&perpetnaling ittx- istence in thc Uuited Statcs, isa truth of wl uh the rccords of tho State Departmcnt fnrmslK 3 abundant evidenee. We do not ay tl.at ex e ry onc who acquicaccd in Anncxation d.d so for the cxprcss puniose of fortifyinij and extenu- ing Slaverv that is not material- but it ii uudeniablc that the arzumect for Annexatjoii chielly rclifil on by EniK-.ffsdor Murphy at.d oecrctarj- taitioan rcstcrt on the asuiuph.ni that British intlucr.ee in Texas threatened la ovcrthrow Slavery thcre, and that this wouM weakrn and endanger thu mitituticn iu thc 1'iiitcd Statcs". Thu wss t'ue niain ground ofr which Anucx.Vtion rcievteii a? uniiistifi.it. Io and aggressive in 1S37 was welcomcd and urged m lall Now tfie imp!c but sltip.-nuotis l!."i.ronce5 lictwecn Mr.Clr.yand hi? Soiithern aibcrsanc is this thcy regard Human Slaierv as a qocu, (o be nourished, exlonded, jicrpctuatcd ; whilo he views it as n greet evit, io be toleratcd whoro its immediatc rxtinrtion thrratcns still grcatpr ciils than ilsoicrthrow, but to be deplorcd, limited and ultimatcly extinguLlied. Whcn Kentucky was in her infancy. snd but moderately cursed with Slavery, "hc w.i. nmongthose who stnigglcd arduonsly in b-lialf ot a (.ystcm or tiradual .manfipatinn for tha Slavcs within her bordor. The etlcirt fsiled, but hc dceply rcgrets the failnrennd, chcrish-" ii'g the snmc opinions as thcn, wishcsthcie: nas no Slavc within the limits of our C ountry. Now lct any c.indid rcadcr apply thep rinciplc hcro avowed to the casc of a prnposed ttiab- lishmcnt or li-'aIization of Slavery in the tcn-' tnry hithcrto r ree, iu tho pitx-css ofsettlcment bv our peoplc, and iu time to coino ir.'o tha Lnion. Apply Ir. Clay's-herishcd priiiciplei to the casc of new and Frcc Territnry, cr.d what more can we ask ? For our part, wo would gladlv avoid intestinc coiiviilskni and ihe dangcr of diutiiou by coiumitting the wholc subjcctof Slavery Extension unrcsiTvc"y into the hands of any man or bcdy of mcn w j re--gard Slavery as Mr. Clay does. Thcy would beno morelikely to propagatp Slavery ihan to diflusc Small l'ox or tbc ( lu.U ra Trilunei WatCK or the Stmmien Wiiitnty. The Packet ship Stcphen Whitiify,f-cmNew York to Liicrpool, was wretkcd n(f Catvj Cloar. coat of Irelar.d, on ihe cvcn;ng rf tl.o 10th of Novcmbcr, and S2 pt n"or5 j ciislitd, out of llOon lioanl, including ihc Captain. all thc cabin passcngers, fi in nuniber and all tl-a slcerage pa.s?engcr!i cxccpt C. Tlic ship wcnt on shore :it C oVIock al nij-ht, with nuh io lence that her whole side was stoic in, and in the ip;iCK of len miuu!es,ciery persou on bmrtl perishcd, with tho exreption of 1 8. w ho suc cecded by tln-ir strength nnil cctivity in gnin ing the neighloriug riK-ks. It i?relalcd by rne of thc Cork rr-)rten'. who vi.-itril (he tliij-, 'that thc turviiors, bruisedand unkcd, without shoc or stooking. jarkctorwai-itcrnf.KTaniUeil upthcrock, which 01 erhiing thc sca to tLe height of neaily sixly feet. and, aftcr wan l.'ti" alxAit forsome tinic. arrivcd nt two iiuscrablu huts, the only human tcncmt'iit" nn thc island. Tlic Stejihen AVhilncy was owned 111 New York, anil was inurcd foralKiiit ?;0 000. Sho had a cargo of llour. SEmocs ArrAin t Yali: ( 011 irr. A 5tri ous afiHir ocruncd ct New Ih.vi n. 011 th liightof 1 thc 23d iiiFtnnt, ltwrvn two lctnn uiu! two.-m-dents, rciulting in tliestabbiacftnc cf 'bc tn:m with n sword ckiic. nieMub,l.otr imtliki ly to provc fatal. 'I hc o'.bcr was L110. Lvd i!inn wilh a barof iion. ThLsni'c, it U fiarcd will prove fataL The nnino ofthe tutor" rrc rhifr son aud Gooilrich thc lattcr a on of I'lo't'S.-i.r 1 Gooilrich. cf YiiIcCo1Icj:c. Thc namcsof tl.c siii- ' dcnts arc Toivcr, of Pbiladclpbio. and I wcn rf Tcnncsc. Thc studcnN wcrc arrcicd ui.dhiM toleiil inS-KMM) ittch. ThrV found liail. ar.tl.wcro ilischarged. Tlie ofTair pro!iiccI grc t cxcitc f mcnt, Goodrirh is not expcctcil to f uni"c. J New Yuek, Tucslav. Dcc. 28, 1 8 o'clock, P M. 1 Latkk trom Mexico. Tlie reiolt in Chiapas, for the purpose of anncxing that State to Centrol Amcrica, had bcen jtqprc-..s-ed. Thc corrcspondcnt of El Monilor says most of thc Governors of the Mcxican Statcs wcrc prcscnt at Qucrctaro. and that all but one, the Govcrnor of San Luis, wcrc in fa' vor of pcace. Their dcliberations would roou commence. In thc Congrcss, thi e.- p oposi tions had passcd a first reading. name!y, 1. In cac of Qucrctaro bcing invadcd, thc scat of Government shall bc rcmovcd to Aj-ua'calicn-tcs. 2. Tlic GoTcrnment shall rot listcn to n ny proposition for pcace, while tho invaders remain in the national territory. 3. Govern ment to takc mcasurcs to carry 011 the war. Santa Anna had announecd himself ready to hcad any force ncccssary to prcvcnt ncgo tiations for pcace. It was rumorcd at Vcra Cruz that Santa Anua's adhcrenfs in Congrcss had rctircd for the purpose of prcvcnting .1 quorum. Tho Puros were looking to Santa Anna foranolher rovolution. and cxpecting the Americansat Queretaro. ITie arrcst of A orth, Pillow and Dunc.in 11 confirmcd, for the reasons bcforc givcn : tho o iginal difliculty lieing lcttcrs wntten to thc UnltQil Statas, and the announcement of Pil low, that he would appeal from thc dccisiou to Scott Thc rcvolution was sncresful in Oajacn, af tor a fight of five or six ho rs. Now autohri ties were clectcd, and Felmury rvinstated. Tlicre had bcen an tmtvXe at Gnanajuata, and wo hwe accounts of the arrest of two pricsti by Governor Arccllano, aftcr twcnty-two citi zcns had been ki'Jed and wounded. In several strcet rows m thcntycf JIex.c-. one or two Amcrican soldicrs were killeil, and fourtecn Mexicans. TTib takmT of Mazatlan and Gnyairas is confirmed. Thf latter Mirrcndereil to Citpt. 1!