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by t. a. floomra. BROOKVILLE, FRANKLIN COUNTY, INDIANA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER II, 1S53. VOL. XXI. NO. 43. I 7 (: 1 1 l' ) IUn nrnTrnlltn. Wt make th following extract from another chapter of Col. Benton' "Thir ty Year in the U.S. Senate," Published in the N. Y. Pot. Col. Benton, after giving an irilereat Inj review of the circumstance of the Presidential election of 182 1, and apeak Ing of noniinatlona by eaticusee among member of Congress), till then practiced, remark: They were dropped, and a different mode of concentrating public opinion we adopted that of party nomination by contention of delegate from the State, Thi. wo.ked well it flr.t, the will of .l0-fB,na U intimately associated with the people bemptrictly obeyed by the! ,ha ear, hi,t of Kentucky, and debate, and the majority making the i w, ' , M wilh raany 0r r. iNnli.tM Tr..i 11 H..x L lu .1.... tt.Hl ...I I . m w nomination. Dut it quickly degenerated, and became obnoxious to all the objec tion to Courra caucu nominations, and many other kesidea. Membor of Congress atill attended them either a delegate or as lobby manager. Per una attended aa delegates who had no con.tituency. HeW-gate. attentJed upon ! ol delegate sometime came from the ame State, and either were admitted or repulsed, aa suited the view of the ma jority. Proxies were Invented. .Many delegate attended with the sole view of establishing a claim for ofllce. and voted accordingly. The two-third rulo wu Invented, to.enabl the minority to con trol the majority) and the whole pro ceeding became enomalou and irre enonsible, and lubvcrslve of the will of the people, leaving them no more con trol over the nomination than the sub ject of king have over the birth of the child which i born to rule over them. King caueu i a potent a any other king in thi respect; for whoever ge'.a the nomination -no matter how effected become the candidate of the party, from the necessity of the union againat the oppoelte party, and from the Indispo sition of the great State to go Into tho House of Representative to be balanced by the email onci, Thi I tin mode of making Präsident, practised by both parti now. It I the virtual election! and thu the election of the Preaident and Vice President of the United State ha passed not only from the college of electors to which the constitution con tided it, and from the people to whom the rractic under the constitution gave t, ami from the House of Repre sentative which the constitution provi ded a ultimate arbiter, but ha gone to an anomalous, Irresponsible body, un known to law or constitution, unknown to the early age of our Government, and a much larger proportion of Interloper attending it, have no othar view in at tending or in promoting the nomination of any particular man than to get one elected wh will enable them to rat of the public crib, who will give them a k-y to the public crib. The evil Is destruc tive to the right and sovereignty of the people and to the purity of flections. The remedy U In the application of the democratic principle, the people to vote direct for President and Vice President, and a aecond election to be held Immedi ately between the two highest, If no one ha a majority of the whole number on the first trial. Hut thi would require an amendment of the constitution, not to be tflecled but by a concurrence of two third of each house of Congrats and the sanction of three-fourth, of the Utile a consummation to w hlch the strength or tne people nn not yet been equal but of which thrre la no reason to de spalr. The great parliamentary reform In (1 real llritain wa n!y carried alter forty yean of continued, annual, per vering exertion. Our constitutional re form, in thi point of the Presidential election, may require but a few yearij in the meanwhile I tin for the people to a, loct a well a elect their candidates, an-l lor i reference to the House to choose one nut of three presciilrd by thr) peo pie. Instead of a raueusVsmlnatlon of whom it pleased, The House Repre tentative U no longer the mall and dangerous electoral college that It once was, Instead of thirteen Htate. we now luve thirtyoAf, Instead of titty, five Representatives, we now have above two hundred, Responsibility In the House la now well established, and po. Iltieal ruin and personal humiliation at tend the violation of the will of the Htetee. No rnsnemildbe elected now, or endeavor to be elected, (after the ex perience of l00 and IHJft.) who i not at tho head of the list, and the rhuli e of a majority of the Union, The lesson of those time would deter imitation, and the democratic principle would agsin trust) all that were instrumental In thwarting the pubiie will. There I no longer the former danger from th House of Representatives, nur anything In it to Iustity a previous resort to such assent Iae a our national convention have got to be. The House 1 legal and re sponsible, which the convention i nut, with a better ehante for Integrity, a having been actually elected by tho peo ple, and more restrain -d by position, by public opinion, ami a clause in the con stitution from the acceptance of oliice from the man they elect. It Is the con stitutional empirei and, until the consti tution is amended, I nn for acting upon it a it I. OrA food old North Carolinian cou ceivinga most violent, intense desire to sea a zebra, an animal about which he bad heard a great deal, but whict had never yet eomo athwart his vision. Ho a menagerie coming along, he detennin- ed to e-0 to the ahow. and tro ha did After taking a ahort glance at tho clc phant, he followed up the man who stir up uic monxeya, wnn mourn agape and conirasi ion present interesting ooauty eye wideawake. Coming to the zebra'a nd loveliness-for all that would ore cage, the showman exclaimed, MHere, 1 servo the memory of ita former guardian gentlemen and ladies, is the moat re- will be acarrod and marked by a faahion tnirk&ble animal of the equine species; ' able taste. born in the mountains of Africa, he 1 Then let it bo preserved; and at aomo rorana ire mrougn meir wuu, ana caught by human hands, hai never yet been tamed by human being ladle and gentlemen, thi U the tebra." The old North Stater looked at it about a second, while there deepened aad deepened still ftnon h IM f, t n . n a rmmm n. n f m.w . tried rige, dieguat and disappointment. oeo nere, jiuter," he indignantly ex- claimed, "give me back my dollar, d n you. You can't put nono of your paint ed jackassea on me!" An Abetlltlonlat Arrested. Dr. J.T.Trimble, accused of beinjr an abolitionist, and of kidnapping slaves t Union, Bourne Co., Ky., baa been ar-1 rested and held to bail in the sum of 615,000. ; So great i the excitement in that vi- i ctnity,thatthey threaten violence againat any person who shaii offer to become hi surety, I (ttrAahland , the no,n of Henry Clay, wa old recently, at public aalo to the highest bidder. Jarnea D. Clay, Esq., wu the purchaser At $140 per acre. Prom ins ObloMsie Journal. The lliaI llriirr Cly. The farm lie just without the muni cipal limit of the city of Lexington, and cuntni'i mine threo hundred and thirty acre-. The country immediately sur roun. h ' it ha been dcacribed by the traveler, aa the garden of the weat, and thi place, above all other, a the moat beautiful put in the world. In an ear ly day, it belonged to tUutL Doom, the thrillinjrand fearful legend of wca tern adventure. Col. NiTiuattL Hart, who fell at the battle of the River Rais en, afterward purchased it, and it eub oquently decended to Mra. Clay, whoae maiden name wu Lvcrctia Hart. The land aro in a high atate of cultivi lwB( anJ wi jtfU. foP lho owner a valuable consideration. I Mr. Clay wa thoroughly versed in ! agricultural mailers, and was never bet ! t'-r contented than when surrounded by Iii neighbors, many of whom knew and ! loved him when he was quite junng and j obscure, and afterwards rejoiced at his fame, and followed hi fortunes through every phase of a long and eventful career. The residence does not present any im posing appearance, but is of a plain, nest and rather antique architectural charac ter, and the ground immediately sur rounding It, are beautifully adorned and traversed by walks; not in accordance with tho foolish and fastidious taste of the present day, for this, In evrry thing connected with the place has been neg lected, and the only end seem to hiwo been to represent Nature In it proudo-t and most imposing grandeur. Many of the wslks ere retired and are of a ser pentine character, with here an I there, in some secluded spot along their wind ing, i rude and unpolished bench ojoii which to recline. The tree are mostly line of a large growth and stand close y together, casting! deep and sonibro shad on every surrounding object. The reflection of one, nn visiting Ashland, are of a must Interesting character. Kvvry object seem Invested with an In tercet, and although tho spirit with whose memory they sro associated, has rled, ono cannot repel the conviction that while reposing under its silent and sequestered shades, ho I still surrounded by something sublime arid great. Old memori ot the past came back upon him and a thousand scenes, connected with the life and history of Hesrt Clav, will force themselves upon you. The great monarch of the loreat that now atretch their limb aloft in proud and teerless majesty, have all or nearly all, teen planted by hi hand, andere now nut unfit emblt in of the lowering great tirss of him who planted them. The walks, the flower, the garden and the rove, all, all, are consecrated, and liavs all been witnesses of hi pres ence and hi care. In the grove through which you wander, were nursed the mighty schemes of Statesmanship, which have astonished the world and tcr rilled the tyrant, beat back the evil Coun eel for his country's ruin, and bound and lettered his countrymen In ono com mon and liuli-solubl hand of Union. Hut 1 1 t.N r r Clay Uno more, and the object whtrh now attract the attention ol tho traveler or trangor are but the melancholy reflection end vestiges of departed glory and greatness. The walk are untrodden, except by sumo pilgrim who would look upon a scene so Intimately associated with hi memory. Tho great old loreat king which wit iiKssed the trophies and triumph ol lit life, and the mournful obsequies attend lug Iii deren?, now stand aloof In gloomy grandeur the stern relies of k by-gone greatness. The grove hallow ed by so many treasured and classic re membrane are now still Hid umlis. turbed, save by the sad warbling of soiim woodland minstrel, and rast a broader and a deeper shade hot III bf fit ting tho gloomy silence which reign within their preclnt. The avenue I no longer marked by the coming and (he going of the great, and Ashland I truly desolate. It ha betu proposed to erect a monu ment to tils) iiiamnry one upon whose msrblo cenotaph shall be written In last, ing character a history ol hi achieve moots, for the admiration of the romlng million who shall know him only a the great Apostle of Freedom and the friend ufuiau, This i well, Hut would not Ashland itself tm a memorial inoro lust, ing than anything in the pover of hi Cuuntrvmeii to erect I That the home of our ureal men have but too frequent ly Isllon Into strange and Impious hands, it is to be regretted and shows a lauten tabic inditl'tirenco on the part of our country, Mount Vernon and Monticello scarcely present one feature now wlich reeull lho memories u Wasuimotom and Jcrreaso, Hut cannot Kentucky the boattedly generous and patriotic can she not save front desecration the home of her most lllustruou son, and proveto1'1 drilled portion of which is discover the world that iu her bosom at least tho ... . . . name and fumo of Has by Clay I atill cherished and dear! The hall which witnessed hie tirst bungling effort at or atory can still bo pointed out; eud tho old lorum, of which he was always the monarch, and iu which he ruled with vat-y eiouuencu tne turbulent apirlt of that dav. can vet be shown. Then whf ' not prescrvo Ashland, tool In a few year front now it will present a painful iar oisiani aay, when the traveler irom afar off shall stand by tho aplendid mausoleum which tell of the deeds and the greatne of him whoso fame it com- memorates, he can also turn to Ashland, ever green and glorious, and beheld a : rn mill IV. n t V . f.ll 1 1 .. ( tr io the heart of hi countrymen tho memory oi n,s virtue The Ilntrhlnse.ua. The Tremont Temple was complete- i m l , , . K- n!!.t nn TK,r.l.. .nin,. i..t L.v a im a r r 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 a 1 1 n i h sv mm riniinifrria v ... . wtv, l.. ..o..ii tu Hutchinson Family were cordially rc- ..:.,.i .A , .nnU,J.J : .ok tl II Aa vs i v j k iwuu w a sa vvttu piece. The hall is a very superior for musical purposes. ee nn ITAn exchauge eiys: The politician should not only b.j a grat but good ron." It is a great pity t!ie fact wat nut aooner dis - clojvd. Deep Ocean Mounding do not remember to have aeen We any account In American paper of the , expedition alludod to below. Our neigh bora across the water seem to have a way of getting a knowledge of our busi ness a little ahead of our own journal ists. An English paper gives the fol lowing account of deep ocean Bounding: A thi svbject now engrossea the at- ..I - I I ..1 .Id. . l iciiviuii vi nisiij ui mo scieniinc men ot the present age, it may not be uninter esting to know the results of a discove ry which has been introduced by our neighbor on the other side of the At lantic, for the purpose of testing the ex iitciKC oft louudatlon to the ocean, and alao to know of what it Is composed. There has, for several daya past, been lying in the Southampton waters, an American government surveying brig named the Dolphin. This brig, which is empowered under tho act of Congress, In connexion with the scientific re aearchea f Lieut. Maury, of the Na tional Observatory, at Washington, for tho purpose of entering into a series of meteorological observation and discov eries, left Chesapeake Hay on the 31st of May, and has completed a perfect line of sounding aero lho Atlantic to Itockulo, otr the west coast of Scotland. The distance between each place of sounding averaged about 100 miles. A line wss run to the Azores, to the north of which, about a parallel of forty five In a southwest direction, an clova tioo was discovered on lho bottom of lho ocean, of about 0,000 feet, the soil Indicatinga fine yellow chalky substance, mixed with a small portion of tho finest and. After leaving tho Asores, the Dolphin took i westerly direction, still succeeding In discovering bottom. Hleuring north, she made a direct line to tho "Three Chimneys," where, at a depth of 1,000 fathoms, bottom wa also discovered. At thi point Lieut. Uerry man, in charge of '.ho ehlp, finding the position of the weather unfavorable to a continuation of tho research, made sail, mid came Into Southampton. The greatest depth at which bo'.tom was reached wa 3,130 fathoms, in lat. from 41 to 43, Ion. SI to fid. The explorer luve brought homo with thorn speci men of the soil which ha been discov ered at their various place of aoundlng, and which will be laid before a commit tee of scientific men ut Washington, lor the purpose or analysatlon . Tho temperature ol the water wa al so tested at various depths, specimen of which have also been preserved. Du ring the whole ol the observation, par ticular attention wa paid to the width, depth and forco of the current lit difler ent part of the ocean, all of which huvo been carefully nuted, for the pur. poso of bi'ing fully dicucd and ex plained. The Dolphin Intend returning at the loiter end ol the week, and I hould the weather permit, will take a linn ol sounding to the Mastern edge of tho Azores, that being a portion of the At lantic which hsa at present remained un examined. Of course no further ex planation of tho results of thi expedi tion will at present bo given, as the wh ile of the matter collected is being Ciirefully preserved for tho use and ex planation oT the gentlemen at Washing tun. Them I one Interesting matter In connexion with this subject, and the non existence ol which has born tin great drawback to all treviotM result being satisfactory, and w hlch Is the very sim ple method by which the sounding ap piiratu I rendered entirely perfect and ueful. In alt previous attempt the greet purslo ha heMi how to (ft line k Ihn eight when It hmonco rrnrhed the bottom, and It Is a well-kliown fact, es ptlslly atnon anmu, that In deep sea auumllng, Inovever rait'liilly or sirouuly a line tuny bo made, it never has, alter helng onci sunk, been recovered. In thU n'i?cl( however, ItMher Jona.. I Ii an deserve much nratse, lor he has itm ii'1 l a plan by which tlit weight up nn it reaching the bottom, becomes tiumedialely detached, and the line, therefore, drawn In aHh perfect e The pi en I thU: A holo u drilled through a fi t Ihs, or heavier shot, siiill. rlently large to admit a rl ol about three quarter of an Inch ill diameter. Thi rod I about IJ or 1 1 Incite In length, and will the inception of about 1 inch at the bottom, perleetly solid. At the tnp of the rod are two arm, extending one from each idt. These arm being upon easily acting hinge, are capable or being raised or lowered with very little power, A ei. all branch extend from the outsido of each of them, which I for the purpose of holding by mean of ring a piece of wire by which the ball Is awung to the rod, A piece of rope U then attached by each end to tho arm, to which again i joined tho sounding line, The ball I then lowered into the water, and upon reach iug the bottom the strain upon the lino cesses, and the arm fall down, allowing me nan to uetacn itself entirely from the rod. which Is then easily drawn in. I ... I... 1.1 ..,!.. . . ru io uu iwicu. wiiii h siictiuicn Ol 11191 which it ha come in contact with at tho bottom. There are other advantage also in connexion with the invention, which are of great utility in tho carrying on of tho discoveries, and which no doubt will ho materially assist the aclcntiflc rc.earchea of the world, that the aubjact of whether there i or i not a bottom to ; lhe "c wl11 no ,onScr "main a difficulty fawer. Mng-ular Occurrence, The St. Louis New, relit, the fol- lowing: Yesterday afternoon, a lady and gen tleman who had been to Dellefontaine Cemetry, to attend the funeral of Mr. ' Goodrich, clerk of the Columbu, were returning in a buggy. Near the Harlem J House, the gentleman wa smoking a cigar, when a spark of tho fire lcll Irom ! it on the ladt a drei. It wai not ob- . 1 . 1 : a. 1 I . erved until it broke out into a blaze, threatening serious consequences. fcSho became alarmed & jumped to the ground although the buegy was being driven at a rapid speed. Fortunately two gentle men, uev. u. u . vvnueand Jir. Mont iromprv. ware drivin e. alon not f.r he. uicu. ilc i a see mwu nuu xi i i . iriuiiLe Kin Kn. ih.v hpn..l ,m .n.t ....! the flame before the lady was seriously : iniurei.t Thov hurnpd tho r knnj 1 .7 a - - sv sncMinv in accomnusnino it. ...... i i . LTlrishliuens and othereoods which 5Ire. Uarriet lWher Stowe brought wilh her beg- gng9 from England, it ia said, havo been seiz- : ed by the New York Cqstum-house uftcere a contraband. The lMlf rim Mother. On the occaaion of a dinner eelcbra- Hon of the laat anniversary of thcland- ing of the pilgrims," in San Francisco, Capt. Charley Brenham, Mayor of that city, requested a talented lady acquain tance of his to furnish him a suitable toast for the occasion. He received the following note In reply, which we think knock Fenny Fern Into a cocked bon net. The gallant Mayor proposed the toast suggested, reading the lady's note also to the company at the table, and The Pilgrim Mothers!" was drank in euthuslastlc bumpers, and amid clamors of applause: I am aurprlsed that a man of your trallsntry should be at a loss for a toast ! on an occasion euch as this I say sur prised, becauae I know that you are not auch a humbug aa these Puritanical etralght laced, hypocritical, palm eing ing Pilgrim Fathers, whom I hold in ut ter detestation. You came from tho South, whore we 'do honor unto whom honor ia due,' I mean to tho women. For more than two hundred yeara thi flagrant act of Injustice to the gentler aex has been tolerated and countenanced by the men until it has ceased to appear an Injustice to thorn. For two hundred years men have usurped so quietly all tho honors of Plymouth Rock havo given themselves dinners, and toasted them selves, and made speeches about them selves, their dangen and persecution that a stranger never for a moment would supposo that there had ever been a woman within a thousand mile ol 'Plymouth Rock. The Pilgrim Fathers' forsooth 1 What hid they to endure In comparison wilh the 'Pilgrim Mothers!" It Is true that they had hunger, and cold, and sickness and danger foea without and within but the unlortunste Pilgrim Mothers! they had not only all theso to endure.but they had tho Pilgrim Fathcn also! and vet their names are never mentioned. Who ever heard of the Pilgrim Mothers! Who ever gives a dinner in honor of them! Whoever write songs, and drink toast, and makes speeches in re collection of them! Thi selfeutllclen cy on '.he part of the inert ia beyond 11 endurance One, to hear them, would actually suppose thst New England had been coionuod by men, on I posterity provided by a special act of Providence! Only Mr. Hemane ha ventured to In sinuato that there ever wa a woman in the easo that the Mayflower ever brought anything but men acros the Atlantic. I assure you, my dear friend, that I am perfectly disgusted with the self-conceit of the men they approprl ato everything to themselves oven tho settlement of a colony, and the peopling of a whole continent. I did hope that th-'re wa one prerogative they would le.ve to woman. We have submitted qu etly to their Inventions for superseding u in many things to their sewing ma chine and other "fixing," but wo will not tamely allow ourselves to be depri ved of thi one privilege wo will not allow ourselves to be deluded into tho beliof that New Knglaud wa settled and peopled entirely by Pilgrim. Fathers-how could ihey have been Fathers if thure had been no Mothers! And I hopo.doar (,'nnt iln.lhnt I have succeeded in convin cing you that you will be lending your self to sit act ol great Injustice to ward u If you do not propone for your toast, 'TU S PILO RIM MOTIURs!' From thi iluHalo Christian Advocate. tfitelhitg tl.tlsjionll Have ! if nit- "There gone something that slimi Id have been a mai.,"xclalined a friend. The poor wretch wa just leaving a nw grog hon, A lull form, Willi a tun slvt grest chest, a noble brow, with a shock oMrlxaM grey hsrr eye, deep, ntk, and lustroti once now, tili deep, but srtpitlchral, and burning like moul dering fire upon red altar these mad the sum,t)odily,r)f that eomethlttg thnt should have been a man. Hut once to trace hi earner i A beautiful bnbe,preed fondly to the breast of a joyous mother. Clinging to her neck, playing with her ringlets all Innocence filling the house wilh lho music, of hi laugh. A lovely hoy I war. Is whom all eye arc turned! hi face bright with euthu. asm, hi brow curved with intellect wending hi way to the little school. and there winning prUe perhaps silver medal, H,lu the play ground.the king among hi fellow, vivacious, full of tun and repartee, eager at play, Hear the ring of hi gladihoutt A youth, already alngling hi gentle blue-eyed partner from the band of so cialgirl; such ardent spirit seek for the frail clinging ol graceful vines; strangely enough. A youth sipping at small partio tho bright-hued wine, and poetlmg upon tho frothy pearl that deck it surface, A young man! How the word leap to the paper. How much of strength, what beaming ryes, w hat high resolves, and proud starting for fame I What yearning to be rich! What hope UI happiness. What dreaming of the future! What minea of gold! What height of greatness! What execs of joy those three littlo word conjure be fore the mind! A young man! Doea he mean tobe drunken! To be poor! To be dishon ored! To have the children laugh and paint their finger at him! To atrike down the helples woman! To deform innocent children! To turn home Into woran than a howling desert. U! assuredly not. Nor does he think bo, while he lean back in the gorgeous saloon, and amid ashing light, and the bewilderment of j work raegrsdstioa and death, without l.r beauty, aided bv every artifice, takea to j 0f molestation, while th uuconciou ioebh hi heart, to hi aoul, hugging it as a' ate is held res pousibl for every offense agaiui miser nug in treasure tuo nend that desolates. Well, time ha passed swiftly; the brand is burnt out: it is chrrd end hhipknno,!- Iii it.r Ks. f,.lln frm tl. heavens of home. He bicker, he quarrels; he laugh j d niut siuy leeriuir, auu kicks ai me harmless chair and tables. Ho roars, that you may roar him back: and thinks 1 11 lr: H hi wife atmlcs, he curaeaher; u" cunnoi ge. nun a upper or i urn .ti k& .n hA ' - ' "c vu, .v. . It is cursin vui oniy, auu goiug ij guo suupa, ana .Mr.;.. U . . : r r.- P " lu tur8C o""""" 1 Vi , s"1 Alas! poor drunkard. Wherever you behold him, you see 4,somethin5 that bhould have been a man." VARIETIES. Tli pries of maoksrsl Is rllu at Glouces ter, and tlisr will nut probably b more than on half th number oT barrel packed er Undsd thsre this season thst there wer lest year. Th lat arrivals report poor luck. Kxrassiva Ex acut. Mr. V. (I. Tafia respeotsbl merchant of Columbus, Ohio, ha been Aaad 1 1U and costs for whipping Mr. Elliott, a school Usehsr, for allsdasd lu on his son at school. Mr. Elliot baa also commenced a civil ault against Tad, laying hi damage at $S,0U0. Th surplus of wheat la Ohio thi year Is limited at 13,000,000 bushels. McKen lie's Mssssga asysi "CslcoUtor think that Upper Canada will have a surplus thi year over any former season, of 4,000,000 bushels of wheat." A Bex Fiaur and Rsimr. Mr. Charles D. Ilurton, of this city, w bo had half-a-doten hives of bee near his houso la Cortland St., noticed on Tuesday Isst that there wa an nnusual noise mad by llin,and en watch log their actione fir Mine, found they wer eiigsj'd In a fljjlit, endeavoring to d'fend thsmselves from ebroud. Tli tight wue kept up all day, when It was found at night, that three or his swarm had been conquer ed, aud the honey In their hives, weighing some sltty or ssvsnty pounds, had been moat ly carried off by th victor. Thi 1 a near feature to us In the character of bes. Who Unght the 'little busy bees" to fight, mur der and rob one anouir r? Drldgport Farm er. The hours of labor In the Lewall mills are to be reduced to ten. Thi step I takes, vol untarily by th companies. A lady ia Main ha a fig tree which ha matured four flgt this season. Th tree Is Ave or six yesrs old, and wss started tu Maeenhueetts. The fruit starts out without any appears nee of blossoms, and doe not rlpon until the eeond season. Th tre now hs shout en hundred ftgsoii It, which will rlpso nsxt seasou If nothing befsll them. üoino Amad. rVrhsps Mi moet rspld speed vr attained by a atssmsr has been accomplished by a North Itlvsr steamer, th AIM, which reesnlly nisde the trip from New York to fougiikeepsl, HJ in I lee, In Ihre hour and trn minutes. This I fsster ttun any run horsvr mtds, bring at the rate ef a mile la 1) minutes sod 19 second a speed equal to 6J' mile per dy, of 21 hour, and fast enough to tska a slramsr across th Allanllo In less than Ave daya. Th world looka at ministers out efth pulpit to what thsy m an In It. Coed. Ilallroade. An Amerlcsn in England write: "At all th river landing and railroad st lions laths United titele, you hive crowds of boy il ling uswspsper and book e food for tli mind. Ilsr there I nothing .f the kind ( but horde ef idle, dirty boys, to rub bUvklugon your hoU." Touching Inrldo til. The HufTelo Republic soysi A litt! boy, clad poorly, standing In front of the Western llolrl, wss aocosled this morning, by a rud young nun, wilh the question, 'U your mother know you're out?" Tli- little fil low looked at lho Intarrogstsr a moment while tile bosom hesved. sod lesrs Bsih'red in his eyes, as he replied, "Sir, my dr mother i deed." Emoshou Yiilo or Whut-Th Chsrlestown (Va.) Free Prrss ha a aainpl or whest rUd by Thomss Lock. farmer or Jefferson county, which yirlded slitv bushels to the sere, and weighs slaty pounds. It Is tesrued wttt,e ailed Whits Cuveor Medlt baueaa. rrll Is sild hore to the vslti ef 1,000 hsvs Utely died Iu Duos, Creek Hundred, lt I., of blind and mad slsggsrs. UrTlis Hhod Island Legislatur mat In extra seesiou on Mondsy (for the fifth time this year) le elect Judge. ty-Aii Irishman was brought up before a Ist msglsirste for the Ksst Riding of York shire, on a rlinrge of vegrsnty, and wee thus qilMllniiMil- "Whst trsd ars you?" "Thrsde" ssld Fat, "sure how, yn honr I'm a salt sailor." "Yoil lit th seafsrlnj life? t n.itet!oil tnuiih whether you have ever been to I i Ily th piper v' Mnsssl and doss vr hen or think I esm ever from euld Iff mini in wsiratif" Commit hint." Italreme !leel, Indians and nillMun euy the sent snorts. To etth a half-grow , fn, either would spend a whole dsy, m it I kill a iIhmii horses. Transport "Th I.HlU fun-(lower " to England, and It would find himself s luuill el hunts til a SlseplfUh l.i rd llrsHkiis;k, of llrssknsuk 1111 Coxsii.mui,-"John," said a esrsfdl U lhr, 'Muti'i give eousiou Hunan's horses too many et-7er y knew I'isy hv hsy" " Ysih lliur," aii4rd John, moving in wsrds the bsru 'And liars, y, John dunl givel'iaiu loo I much hsy i lor you kuow thsy luv est," MroitsT Arnuitienl, ( As llis studious of tli divlu Isar are i messurshly willidrswn front th liquor trslllu, i and II Is no longer ooustdered ssurilegiou ! to nussllun It wcurdano thsrswlthi Hiera la i hesitation on th part ef geud eonscl- sullous ms In queetioulug the corroclues of thst civil ssuclion wliic.li iie so long up hsid th lakvfuln. of Hi death.dsaliug traf Hu. Iek away th lawfulness of tu trafflo.and I Imt mumsut it repclbdity gesloug with it. Tak awsy th lawfulness of th trIJk,a nd that moment Us morality desert it. Tak away the lewfulnen of the trsf!i.,aud liisUnlly its f mil and criminality become strangely apparent. 'I'üL u.u I.u.r..l.iu r ill In. Äli it. I i ill., iftULl.Wtul Mlftil Ih.ilit tfltk awi!t Ill smuggler in au Illicit trade. ilul why multiply iusUuce Iu support of a position wbicl but few rjuesliou, sud fewer still have lho hardihood to ueoyT Mo liulli cau be in or firmly established theu this: th legal criminality of au orteiiw. jno ooae, oi eeeu eeini uaroaristt lew, ever CouteiapUled th punishmeut ot Iii subject who acted in accordance with the law of Hi laud iu which ha lived. 8o long as Uv itself draws a dieliuciion between cauee aud effect, and atep Iu with it broad ahield of legality, to ward off the blow that ou!d at onceprui tretende priuclj! sud accessory, and turn il full fore from th former upou the von- der cupidity, tne dealer (In intoiicatitig driuks) wilh impunity COntlnU 111. the peace, good order and quiet ol eocieiy. i 'i'hue the law upholds and strengthens lho d CJ lh8 u,lty uthorf ""f. ' mischief aud crun In the land The rum- : seller co.njilsceuüy quiets hi couecieuCe with Iii lawfulness ol hi business; claim to bo a lov-r of good order and auU-Land a goud ' citizen, who never vi a Int the n hlm-ir , a ad is so cons IderiU ss to turn out at dnar tliuno whom he ha pat In prime condition to i disturb the quiet and endnneor the lives of others Bui. C. Adv. Depth or Nuoaka Rivii..An En ' glish gentleman, who iias been endcav I oring to ascertain the depth of Niagara ! River at tho suspension bridge, has at 1 length succeeded. At one point he finds I the depth to bo one hundred and twenty 1 five feet. Homicide. The Fort Wsyn 8utlur of th 17 th Inst gives th following sccounl of a esse of horn Icld In that placet "A dreadful rasa ofhoinlclJe occurred In our city on Thursday . fit last. Th fact of the case, as given ly r witness named Spank, before the coroner' Inquest are those. II had been at a beer house In company with two Uerman shoemsker named fchrimpfand Ilile. Frederick Uarber, th deceased, was also there. 11 did not see any dispute or quarrsling between them. II and bis companion left the beer-house, and soma time alter about half past ten o'clock they met th deceased on Main street, near th house where they all boarded. Schrlmpf and Uli took hold of him some hard words fissaed between them, and h saw Garber II. II (the witness) wa standing off at some UUUuce. They all went away leavlu? Uarber on tli grou td. In about a quart r of an hoor, Öohrunpf and II He returned ar.J found Derber tie ad. The Itneae'a statement waa continued by eome women who aaw th transaction from th window of a house ueer by, except that they aay Spank waa with th others at th time ef th transec tion. The dacaased I supposed to have beon struck wilh a eione in the hands of en ef th accused, as stone spotted wilh blood wa found oear th place. On examination a fracture of th frontet bona was discovered, I U-il by 1 14 inches Iu osteal of an oval shape, and the pice depreesed or driven Into the brain. The jury returned a verdict that th deeessod cam to hi deslh by vlolsnc at lho hands of some one of tho accused. tichrlmpf, Ulla, and Spank ar In custody, and an examination will tk place en licit MonJay, at the mayor'e ollke.1' Monument on Plymouth Hock. The "Pilgrim Society of Plymouth" have undertaken to erect on Plymouth Kock.i fitting monument in honor of 'our Pilgrim Fathers" who landed there In ICilO. They have alroady raised $0,000 for the purpose, and have ascertained that the land which may be required can be bought on reaaonable terms. They wish to erect a monument ol a comman ding character, end therefore invite the co-operation of all, whet her soclelie or Individuals, who feel an Interest In the projei t. Contribution may be forward ed to Allen Uanrortli, Esq., Treasurer of the Pilgrim Society of Plymouth, or to the President, Richard Warren, New York. (KrProf. Hind, a dlatlnfulshed Kn glish astronomer, gives the following partlcjlara respecting the Comet, as it appeared the 23th of August, Irom Dish op s observatory : " When viewed In tho comet-seeker, the nucleus appeared of a bright gold color, and about half the di ameter of the planet Jupiter, which wa hi nlng at the time In the aouthern heav ens, aud could readily be compared with the comet. The tail proceed directly from the head in a tingle stream, and not, aa sometimes remarked, In two bran chos. The distance of thi body from the earth, at 8 o'clock, wa 80,000,000 miles, and hence It result that the ac tual diameter of tho bright nucleus wu 8000 miles, or about equal to that of the earth, whllothe tail had a real length of 4,500,000 mile, and a breadth of 250, 000, which I rather over the distance separating the moon from tho earth. The augmentation of light will go on till the 3d of Heptembcr." The Ihiphrnsyne. Thla la lho namo of a alngular vessel which ha touched at New York on her way from lho Haiidwich Island, to Ncvf London, Conn. Hhe attract much at tentlon on account of the eccentric taste of her owner and commander, Capt. Harris, who ha caused her larboard aide to be painted In imitation of a brick Wall, while her aim board aide i painted black. It I stated that the Kuphroiyno waa bullt In England In IH47, and that she hnj since been cruising around the world, visiting the varlotta port In India, China, Japan, th island of Ihn Eastern i Archipelago, Australia, &c. Her crew numbering ebout thirty pe persons, com prise representative of many nation Chinese, Japanese, Malays liengsiese Sandwich Islanders, English, Irish, and other, and the Japanese are accompa nltfd by their wlvo aud children. Ileeelierlwniti The tlev, Edward lleecher, I). I),, of Ileaton, ha lug been engaged on a work which wilt shortly he published tin der the title of "the conflict of agesj or, the (Jreat llnhate on the Moral Relation ofOo.l and Mm." Tl. Key, Willlim II. lleecher, waa Installed the week before last, pastor ol Hcilmsil Church, Itend lug, Mm. The )Uv, llcnrv Ward lie, eher, ol Jlrooklyn, hi just been preen fed by a few wealthy member of hi church with the handsome sum of 0I5, 000 for the purchase of a summer real dence, Mr, II. ha accordingly porch, add a farm In the beautiful town of I.en. ox, Ma., whereon he will erect a cot tage for the occupancy of himself and i family during the summer month, The I Rev, Chaile lleecher. of Newark, New . Jersey, and Mr. Hsrrtet lleecher Htowe author of Uncle Toin'i Cabin," arrived on the 18th ult. at New York, In the Arctic, on their return from their visit to Europe, All the above are children of the venerable, but still laborious and ef foitlvo Lyman lleecher, U. I), The Sunday l.lqtisr Queetletii. The Hupreme Court of Pennsylvania has sustained the judgment of the lower court in the case of ann inn-keeper at Pittsburgh, who was adjudged to pay fine ' and Colts on a conviction of having aold liquor on the Sabbath day. The court decided that the act of Assembly forbid ding worldly employment on Sunday doe not'exeuipt tho sale of liquor by an Inn-keepur to a sojourner on Sunday, but auch, ailo is within the prohibition of the act; and further, that a license to sell liquors by small measure fur . a vesr doea not confer tho rizht to sell on Sun- I... All tli. t.v.r.w n1 rrn,rrrri irt accordingly closed up in Pittsburgh, on Sunday, CMr. N. L. Piper, of Toronto, tried to spring over the precipice on the Canada aide of Niagara Falls. She was caught by Mr. Wildun, but her dress gave wsy, and she fell about twenty leet upon a projecting ledge. Mr. Wilson jumped after bei just in time to save her from the final leap, and both wero drawn up with ropes. Mrs. Piper is slightly insane. (Kr'I say, printer, do you take Man hattan money!" No." "What's the reason ain't it good!" Yes." " Why don't you take it, then!" Can't get it." kliatrt Article a.sMt s.veaper. Tut ritess or Ei'Rort amd Amcrica. There is no such tiling aa independence in newspaper in France,Spain,and other countriee in Europe. Every editor in Franco has to desposlt 840,000 security money ;and if he should publish anything that could bo construed into an attack on the Emperor end on the principle of government an attempt to excite ha tred among the citizena or an attack cn religion, family, or property, he forfeit thla sum, and may be punished oy im prisonment for five years, by transporta tion twenty yea rs, and a fine from 0,000 to 100,000 franca. Neither Is he allow ed the right of trial by jury. Hut all of fenaea ot the kind are submitted to a apo dal tribunal which is probably only an instrument in the hands of the Em peror. The prcie of Spain ia In no better condition than that of France.and preten ces can easily be obtained for abolish ing such papers as are obnoxious to the governing power. The Spanish editor must be 25 year old, pay taxes of 2,000 reale in the pro vinces of Madrid or in any other por tion of the kingdom from 600 to 1000 reals. Offences of the preis are of eight kinds;sgainst the king and royal family, the Slate, public peace, soriety, religion and moral .authority and foreign powere and persons. The Government may forbid the Introduction of foreign publi cation!. Aa a general thing no capital Is less profitable than that invested In a news piper owing probably to the neglect of the subscribers to piy. The National Intelligencor alone hae over $250,000 owing to it by bad subscribers. Many of the city papera however after they are well established and have obtained a large circulation make money very rapidly. Tho total circulation of the New York Tribune ia 05,000 copies) the annual expenses are about 8370,000,and the annual profit) clear of all expenses of every kln!,uro upward or 800,000. Tne annua', profit ol several other paper are a.a follow: The New York Han, $00.000; Jour nal of Commerce, 45,000 Courier and Enquirer, 40,000; Philadelphia Ledger, oO.oou; Haltlmoro Sun, 830,000. The New York Herald I eupposei to be worth 8 loO 000 the aggregate number of copies issued In a year I near 15,000 0U0, 9UU.U00 are paid out annually tor piper the Incomo of the ofllce I 400, 000, the advertisement tre worth ISO, 000. It has fllteen editors and re porters and eighteen or twenty foreign cor respondents making In allJucludmg prin ter, pressmen, clerks, &e., two hun dred persona employed In the eatabiiah ment. Tho New York Sun hae a dally circu lation of 53,000, and pays out for paper alone per annum one hundred and titty thousand, aud for editor, and reporter, exclusive of compositor, eighty thou land, It ia printed on a prca which strike ofTao.OOO per hour, snd it daily iasue I larger perhap than any other paper in the world. It lea penny pa per, and conducted upon tho cash ays tern. The Philadelphia Ledger has a dally circulation of 60,000, and makes it pro prietor wealthy. The llaltlmore Sun not long since erec ted au iron building for it publication house at tho cot ofscvuuty five thousand dollars The I'tulon Time, the brsg journal of Europe, I said to have a circulation ol thirty eight thuuiand and iti Income upward ol two million of dollar per yearj it profit are a too I 8300,000. Thi prrn la mid to wield astonishing Influence In Europe. "Stock fall with rspld It v t the stroke of Its editorial pen, ind a leading article from It girted con doctor will shake a throne and drag down principalities and powers." It is a joint stock concern, and it prlnclpil editor received a salary lomo yenr atnee of six thousand pound, or abtut thirty thousand dollars per annum. He adver Using I enormous and paid for bp furo It goes into the paper. The new adver tiaement In a single day have been kii'jwn fo reich a high ae 8.1,0M Probably the Income (mm thi source for a alnglfl day would be 2,(00,or 000, 000 per iiinum. neglect not the Hinte, It I surprising Iw notice how thi ia e red book ( neijlerled by sinful men, The votaries of teste and fashion will enend their nljjhti end days poring over the morbid pagea of sensual and flclitiou narrallvet yet If they were asked if they Imd rt'ud the llook Ood had sent them from Heaven, what would be their an a ever I Wherever you no, learn not of i those, Take yourllible in your hand make It the companion of your way Ill the thirsty desert of thi world, it will "P ply you with the water of life In the darknes of doubt and apprehension it will cast a gleam of heaven over your paihj in the struggle of temptation and the hour ol affliction it will lift up the voice of warning, encouragement and comfort. Never let tho IJible be by you unpetused. Ill the only helm that can guide you through th ocean of life, and bring you safely to the immortal shore. It U the only star that lead the wander ing aeaman by the rock and breaker, and Aery tempest of ulter destruction, and pointa him away to the bights of ev erlasting bleasedne. The Uible con tains the only food that can satisfy the hungtrlnga ol the soul, it present! u with the only laver in which we can waahouraelve and be clean; it alone tell ui of the garment! that are worn in the court of heaven; iti from the Bible alone that we leain to prepare a torch to conduct our footstep through the val ley of the shadow of death; and it i the Bible alono which can introduce ua at last to tho glorici of Immortality. I'nlv e real 1st esierul Ceuvrntlen. Columbus, Ohio, Sept. 23. Tho Con vention haa to-day adopted unanimously a resolution against the ins of slavery, intemperance, and war. A resolution fully endorsing the Maine F.aw was paaeed with but one dissenting voice. A resolution in favor of establishing a Theological Seminary In tho Stato of New York has also been adopted. Ser mons have been preached by the Rev. Messrs. Williamson, of Alabama.Brooks, of Massachusetts, Maurie, of New York, Moore, of New Jersey, and Bacon, of Pennsylvania. The Convention will adjourn thi eveuiug, after tho commu nion service. 0"A man in Guerusey county j Ohio, has contrncted with a rhilade'pliisu to deliver J,WJ heg in Pittelnrg at 1,'jC. gross i;lrar41)vrr Dleroverfe On Monday last, whilst some ksnd on the Cincinnati, Wilmington and Zanea villo Railroad, at Cuasack'a Mill, about five mile South of thi city, were Quarrying stone, a human skeleton was ound imbedded in rock, on a bluff bank, on the aouth branch of Jonathan's creek, thirty feet from the aurface. A small fissure in the rock of about two inches in width opened to the resting place ef these remain, which in all human prob ability, may have been deposited there centuries ago. The rock contained an Indentation of the greater part of the body, aa perfect as though moulded af potter's clay. Fiom the hip to the foot particularly, thla earcophagus waa as complete as carving could have made It. The proportions, curvatures. of the limbs were distinct and regular, and In dicated that the ikilcton had beeu that of a person of full size. Hoc, and at what period of the world, these remain! were deposited where found, furnishes a wide theme for con jecture, aa well as a subject for the dis cussion of geologist, iho rational probabilities are, that at some very an cient period this body had been washed from the creek Into the tank of the stream, and that the continual deposit of sand around it formed Into rock, which has been increasing for ages, as agea on ly could have formed the Immense amount of very hard aand stone which surrounded it. This discovery establish? what past history hs heretofore fallod to establish, to wit: The phenomenon of a human skeleton within a body cf solid rock.- We have no hesitation in bclieving,from thj appearance of the rock, that at one period the portion surrounding this body wa entire and solid, but that the under mining of tho rock by the stream, or some great convulsion of nature, had opened the fissure which existed when these remains were discovered. Wo saw this skeleton and the rock from which Itwai taken, tie day after It had been discovered. The bouea were in a good state of preservation. A por tion of the akull may be icen at wur uflice. Zanesville Times. from t), llcrsld sad Joarntt. Iletv Tylhee help our I'rttyere Another thing I shall say by way of In itruction aitoprsyer In tbe offering of tvlhee. Abel oflcrrd a lamb for hi flock in sacrifice to (Jod. Abraham, on hi return from the battle of the king, offered ono tenth of the spoil toM'lchis edec. Jacob, fleeing from Eau. vowed ono tenth of all (Jodshould give to him to (Jod on hla return. David would not offer to liod what cost him nolhiug. And so the Jews generally, til) a late period In their history, when they be came covetous, and paid their tythe in the poorest o( their sheep and cattle, or withheld them altogether, God gave them both famine and spiritual leanneas for it) and then callodou them to bring their tvlhee into hi store-house, and prove him therewith if he would not pour them out a blessing that there auould not be room to receive It. It I abundant ly capable of proof that the Christian'! withholding necessary support of the Gospel 1 lollowed by both a temporal and a spiritual curse. No individual nor society can be long blessed in such a courio. Christians should bewart of rovetousncaa, a Christ eaidj a man's life cotislslcth not in the abundance of I thing he poi'CRtci. Tin man that nul : led down ltla barn waa rich. Hut Uod aid, "Thou fool, thi night shall thy oul bo rt'juircd of thee." I Dive wa rich, but in hull he lifted up ' hi eye betns; to torment. I Juda had the bag, and bore w hat waa put therein. And 0 1 hie cnJI Hrlng, then the tythoi Into the store house of (lud, II you would enjoy the spirit of prayer, and a blessing lempotil and spiritual. K. A. It ur It's tnst Huts, Ilurke had a sou lie loved with tile whole heart. Disease laid hi hand op on SI. n, and th father took hlinloCrom well house at Uroinptun. Ilrro he sunk and died. Thnt blow nearly broke the gretil man's heart, lie never recovered from It. As we go down the gloomy lane by Cromwell Hou, we are led to ruminate on those pathetie pasaagei In II tike's letter to a noble lord. In which ha give way to pArcnlal griefi "The sturm ha gone over me, and I lie like one oltlmaitiiM oak which thv Ulehur rU'ano baa scattered about mo, I am stripped of all my honor! 1 am turn up by the root, and lie proatrite on the earth, I mi alone, have none to meet my enemies in the est, 1 reatlv deceive myself if, in thi hard season, i wt'Uld give a peck of refuse wheat tut all thai i called fame and honor iu the world. I live in an inverted order, They who should hive been to me a posterity are in the place of anceitora.'' Poor Burke! Writing to a friend.'hoiidVMre. tWrko aerk tranquility in prayer!' We hope he did himself, Thi i the last and beat resource for soul stripped of their dearest joys. In communion with the Father of spirits, and approaching hint through that Mon wilh whom hoi ever well pleased, the desolate find sympathy and tho wounded heart! healed. r midst i cloud of domestic lorrow tho shade of the great statesman here leave us. Hi last day wero epent away from hi old Iondon haunts, and hi remain rest in the grave ofhljrt and brother In the churchysrd ol Boa cousfield. Zijn'a Herald. The Umy whs weull rather Die than teal." The Chicago Press contains a call, signed by a large number of cititen. addressed to those who wish to perpet uate the remembrance ol a noble deed, by contributing to the proposed ro jua ment to Knud Iverso , the Noiwegian boy, who ws lately drowned by eome other boys for rrfusing to ktcal fruit. Thy want .JIOOO. A meruit t iui! or events occurred in Cincinnati lho other day. An old man, namd lloritse, waa employed in painting tho walls of a house, and fall ing from a acafl'uld, he injured hitnaelfto euch an extent that he had to be convey ed home. Iiis fall frightened a horne at tached to an express wagon, which ran off, and in hi mad career down the st. ran over a hog and killed it. The hog was owned jointly by a couple of men, who skinned it and had a fight over the carcass. As a finale, tho bclligerenta were taken before a magistrate, and paid a fine of five dollars each. National In telligencer. Murdered time will never be resuscitated.