Newspaper Page Text
D It O (MC V 1 LL K. 1 N I).
FRIDAY . WO VEÜBER 13, 1853.
Tit usually well-informed .Wasbing
ton correspondent of the N Y. Courier
and Enquirer, gives the following fore
shoadwinje of the President's Anuual
"The frame work of the Message hat
been laid out, ant! the President ia en
gaged with hin Secretaries in reducing
it to farm . Its developments respecting
our fotd-h relation will be, doubtlens,
deeply irteresting. Through Its state
ments 'e shall Le informed of the exact
progress of the negotiation relative to the
fishery question and the northwest trade.
The best informed here believe that the
Secretary of State is proceeding quiet
Jy but eilicientt to an adjustment of the
difference which have so long existed
between England an! the United States
on that subject. Nothing definite or
very important can be expected tu have
laktn place in reference to Cuba, Mr.
tioctl having net yet presented himself
for acceptance at the Court of Spain,
and there being no representative of the
Queea near ibis government. The
questions pending with Mexico are the
right ol transit across the Isthmus of Te
hauntrpec as involved in tha Sloo and
Garsy , contracts, and defined in the
treaties negotiated by Judge Connun
and Gov. Letcher; the demand for tho
Right ol Way for the Pacific railroad,
through Sonora and Chihuahua; the re
clamations of Mexico for Indian depre
dations, and the re-adjustment of mutual
commercial relations. These are most
important subjects of negotiation be
tween the two re-publics, and the Presi
dent's revelations as to the progress made
in adjusting them are awaited with uni
Diplomacy, however, is the science of
keeping state secrets, sod tne state of our
foreign relations must necessaiily be but
imperfectly known until the 1st Monday
In domestic affairs the policy rcommen
ded in the Message will be, it is whis
pered among the personal and confiden
tial friends of the President, a rigorous
conformity with the principles of the
Democratic party, as announced by its
guilders and earliest expositors. In fi
nance, the President will advise the
adoption of a revenue system which shall
keep the annual receipts nearly upon .a
level with the estimated expenditure.
One of his subordinatea in the adminis
tiation has aptly characterised the pres.
eot system as "a revenue tariff for pro
tection." It is to be amended by stri
king out the woids"for protection.' As
to to surplus on haod, the system ol
turcbasing up government stocks will
e pursued until it is consumed.
In reference to expenditure the most
rigid economy wtll be insisted upon.
But it will never be practised whiio the
present system of raising revenue ob
tains. LJ. American. It is expected
that tho policy of improving riven and
internal harbors will be discouraged.
The plan of connecting the on tract
system of carrying the mails with the in
crease and support of the Navy, will be
relerredtoin unfavorable terMs, audita
abandonment at soon as consistent with
existing coutracto and resulting right
will bo recommended. The proposition
to canned the Atlantic and Pacific
rnnti b ereat national rallmaJ will
be discussed, hut the President will s.ate
his conviction that souud policy requires
it to be Islt to tho individual energies
aad private capital of the country.
WLich is equivolent to siyiug it will
not aoon be uudt'rtaken: Ed.
Til doctrinra nf tha Mavavill road
bill veto will be the guiding tr of the
President in th discussion of the princi
ples governing the internal improvement
yitjm of the United States in its rela
tions to the federal government. The
famous veto message waa understood
to hive been written chiefly by Mr. Van
Buren, who did most of the thinking for
Gen. Jackson at that time, and has been
a sort of textbook with the Democracy
on the matters to which it relates ever
It Is well enough le have the Und marks
of principle. Tliry hare troublesome luves.
Iigative, and they furnish authority jiceed
Uy useful and convenient for repressing
the ratrrprlza if any bold aid origlu I think
er lu Um party. wbo m undertake te frame
doctrines lor Miuvlf sod otliere out of his
own Lrsla. On the principles of the A? ays
villa veto, nothing el 11 caa be doue by the
OavruHiu(. which saves l Im e who con
duit It a vast amount cfcireeud responsl
b lit. r
Aa to foreign affairs, the President in
clilics to opinions and measures based
en the idea ol Senator Douglass, that
"America ia a power on Earth." He
will, therefore, practi:ally recommend
cutliu? rdri.rt lrom all complications
which admit or recogeise the right of
any. European governtmant to partici
pate in the regulation of affairs between
the nations ol this continent.
While at Liberty on Friday laat. Judge
lie id took euch prompt and as we think
correct action, aa to meet our hearty sp
proval. Last February, an individual
had sigued and testified to over 20 infor
mations againat a citizen of Wayne Co.
The defendant took a change of venue to
Union Co. Last Friday the caae came
up, when the witness on oath said the
defendant never sold him liquor, and that
the witness never signed the informa
tions. Judge Reid immediately ordered
him into the custody of the Sheriff, and
required him to enter into bond of 8500,
to appear at the next term of the Union
Circuit Court to anawer the charge of
perjury. You may guess that it made
tho sweat pour out of the witness. If all
JuJges were thus prompt in checking
perjury, our courts would be purer than
(XTOcrNiw Hat, that is so much
admired by those who bare accu it,
came rrom Jse A. Moore's, No 342 j
Miin St. or rather front his branch atore
near the corner of Main and Fifth, Cin
cinnati. By the way, Jesse, who was
born and raised in Bronkville, has had
the good senso to get hi in a good wife
lately. We are glad of it. He was
guttln old. But who would have
thought it! He ia as corpulent aa a
Bishop. We wish hia old acquaint
ancre would call upon him occasionally,
and grt a hat, with a looking-glass in it
sich aaours has. It U very convenient
to fust take off your hat and see your
aelfaa other aeeyou, at anytime.
This ia the latest style.
(ET Hont lorget the
Meeting at the Court house on Saturday
03Tbere rntut be more than one
John Smith in the world, for there is
certainly one in our jail, and one writing
to us from Ox fold. Thia Is, we verily
believe, the same John that used to write
fro it Ciucinniti.
We have received from the publish
ers, Applegate & Co. a book entitled
Religious Courtship, It is a book of di
alogues upon Christian principles. It is
designed as a guide in the selection of a
companion for life. ' It was written by
the famous author of "Robinson Crusoe,"
and was originally published In England,
where It had a large sale. It 1 pub
lished by the Cincinnati firm above men
tioned, in very handsome style the pa
per is good the typography neat, and
the binding tasteful.
But, in our candid opinion it is a bore.
At least we have not been interested in
it. Perhapa "young folk a" would like it
. The same publishers, who are, by the
wsy, energetic and worthy men, and
whose books are generally of the most
unexceptionable character, have presen
ted us also 'a book entitled "Universal
ism against itself.''
This is a very readable book and thoae
who want a work on Universalism
would do well to get this. Even Uni-
versalists themselves might read it to
0- It will be seen from the follow
ing, brought by the Steamer, America,
which left Liverpool on the 29th ult.,
that hostilities bad begun. When they
will ceaae no human can predict
A telegraph dispatch from Bucharest,
says, two Russian steamers and eight
gun ooata lorcea tne passage or the
Danube, and encountered a brisk Are
from the Turkish boat.
The Russiana had one Col. three of
ficers, and twelve sailors killed, and up
wards of forty wounded; but they sue
ceeded in setting fire to the fort by
Frsnce has made full preparations for
a land expedition to Constantinople, but
no orders will be given to march unless
new circumstsnces arise, which in the
opinion of the Emperor, will render snch
a movement necessary
Lue advices from St. Petersburg ear
that Count Nesseirode is very anxious for
It waa reported at Paria that Nicholas
had abdicated in favor of the hereditory
Grand Duke; and, though the report
w as doubtful, it had a favorable effect on
the money market.
The French Minister at Constantin
ople has been recalled, and his successor
Itis reported that the Ciar had said
he would rather bar k out than fight.
The combined fleets of France and
England have come to anchor in the
sea of Marmora; which haa caused much
surprise at Constantinople, and the
Porte is said to have declared that the
movement of the fleet waa wholly Intel
ligible, unless aa the allies of Turkey,
end if the combined po'veri are ippre
hensive of the safety of Sultan, and have
come there only to protect his person,
they have no use for their fleets at Con
atantinople, as the Turkish Government
undertakes to guarantee the Bülten a
safety; and the avowal of tho presence
of the fleet on this mission is an Insult
to Turkey, and an indication of her
weakness, which would place her in
lAi. iwwttt.in Kafn.a tf.a ..ll.. f
a-V-MIWH W W W S W Ml NSJMVUBJ W S .
The Turkish Minister of Finance has
It is now elated that the conference at
Vl.nii. l.m .lr,..l - .... . !
for the settlement of the question be-
tween Rueaiaand Turkey.
The King of Belgium is now reported
to be using his influence in bringing
about a aettlement of the diffieultiee.
A telegraph dispatch from Vienna, un
der date of the 26th, says it was report
ed there a akirmiah had taken place on
the Danube, between detachments of
the Russian and Turkish forces, but it
waa not believed that any pitched bat
tle had yet been fought.
The Turkish government in all her
movements diaplays great military sa
gacity; it ha officially recognized the
Circassian Chiefs, and has forwarded
arms for them, to the mountains.
The Hungarian General Guyon haa
been sent as Lieutenant General to
The Russian forces at Bucharest con
list of 50,000, men, and they are estab
lishing stronjj reserve corps. All the
Commanders had been ordered to join
their respective corps.
The Pontoon corps had left Bucharest
for the Danube. The Religious Bene
diction service usually preceedingaction
took place at Bucharest on the 10th
ult., to which the Greek Patriarch was
The Turkish Cabinet and the Grand
Vizer bad publiahed an order, calling up
on the inhabitants of Constantinople to
preserve order, and to pry for ucetss
or the Turkish arms, and to protect
the christian subjects of the Saltan froo
It la now stated positively, that it
was the Russians, and not the Circas
sians, were defeated in the engagements
which took place in September.
Persia had disbanded her army on the
Collections were being made in Eng
land to procure testimonial to present to
Capt Ingrahamof the United States, for
Lis noble conduct in vindicating the cauae
of his country and humanity In the bar
bor or Smyrna.
The steamer Argo had arrived in Eng
land from Austria, with half a million
sterling in gold
GiRDtx is specially riled because so
many pspers have published our item,
about Jno, II. Tay I or 'a awearing the
witness on the Baltimore Platform.
"He aiya published it some weeks be
fore we did. Now that ia a fact, but
then he got it up so clumsily, that only
our sharp eyes ssw the latent wit, and de
velopcdit. That's all. Garbtr discovered
the case, but treated it badly in the de
scription. We cured the bad treatment,
and the press copied. By the way the
Madison Courier will do well to send us
all its witty items, and we'll give them
Part of the suits of Louis Nspoleon, in
his late tour through the Northern Colo
onies, was eighty cooks! Gas-tro-nomy I
w hat a lot of 'em.
Home of the pspers seem bent on run
ning the Hon. Jease I). Bright of Ken
tucky, for the next President of the
United States. Mr. B, at present, rep
resents the Stste of Indiana in the U.
j S. Senate, He lives a part of the time
in Madison, and when at home Is a kind
We lived near bim several years.
But bis chief interest is in Kentucky,
where he owns a large plantation which
is well stocked with negroes. All we
have te say at present Is, that if Mr.
Bright wanta the nomination he will be
sure to get It, and. if nominated, he will
be apt to be elected, aa he ia northern
man with $cuthem interest.
We beard lately, a little atory of one
of our Lawyers. He wax engaged in an
Important caae and waa eroaa-question-ing
a witness, whose character was Im
peachable, and whose testimony was
rather bothersom. In rain did he criss
cross the witness waa firm. At last
be exclaimed "Well Mr. U'nt
there so mething eiset Have'nt yon for
got aomethlngV The witness pausrxl a
moment as if deeply reflecting, and an
swered Well really, Mr. leant re-
collect anything that I ha forgot. The
Lawyer was decidedly sold.
A friend has sadly puxxled us by ask
ing tcAy swearing to a false statement of
real and personal property, when we five
in its value for taxation, (s not as cul
pable perjury, aa to awear falaely on any
other subject. If any of our readers are
personally Involved they caa explain.
Ret. W. W. Sitdeb: The many
friends of this amiable gentleman, will
be gratified to learn that be la comforta
bly situated at Kent, Jefferson Co. Ind.
We congratulate the people of Hanover
et. on their good fortune in obtaining h's
services this year.
Our friend, John Burton, has received
the appointment of Poat Master, to the
flourishing commercial town of Meta
raora . We are not apprised whether he
belongs to the Hards, ot the Softs,
whether he ia Brouaonian or Redfieldian
In bis politics.
The Bostonians.lt is said, design giv
ing Koxta a public dinner.
Bennet, of the New York Herald. Is
aaid to have his petition on file for a fat
office. Will he get HI
The anniversary of the Parent Mis
sionary Society of the M. E. Church Is
to beheld In Cincinnati on the 18th of
Dec , prox. Some of the first men la
the Church will be present. We expect
to secure full reports, taken specially for
the Irduia Ameiicax.
For lawyerixing, go to the briek row
on the west side of Main-Burgess.
(XT Mr, Myers at No. 321 Maine St.
Cincinnati haa the latest style of Fire
works, and the very best quality of can
dies, nuts, Le. Let our grocers who
are preparing for Christmas give bim a
call. He Is a very pleasant man to deal
Gr Yankee Robinson was arrested,
at Liberty, Ind., on seven indictments
for violating the lawe of the State.
OSrTbe address of Dr. Goodwin, on
our first page, will well pay for its peru
sal. (ttrWe learn that the performances of
Yankee Robinson at this place were so
low and disgusting that several ladies and
gentlemen left in the midst of the play.
OCT President Locke move tnajei.
tically in the new college, although the
mechanic hai not got all of the desks
The next quarter will begin next
Monday when all new students should
We wiah the man who borrowed
fdJ1eW would bring them home
We have had several applications for
them lately and don't know where to
II. Ruffuer, whose card appears ia our
columns Is located near the basin of the
W. W. Canal, and haa a good aupply of
groceries. Ills locality gives him great
advantages for the White Water trade.
We would call the attention of those
who have lumber for sale to the card of
D. F , Meader dt Co. They do a large
business in making furniture.
fjWar will most certainly be declar
ed against Turkey next Thursday,
Thanksgiving day May we be there to
The Whigs of New York have most
probably elected their Secretary of
State, Comptroller, State Treasurer, At
torney General, Canal Conmissioner,In-
spector of State Prisons, Engineer and
Surveyor, a od Clerk of the Court of Ap
peals: and have got a majority in both
The moral of all thla Is plain that it
is much better, even in politics, to pur
sue an honest, manly, consistent course,
than to bargain and intrigue for any tem
poral t success.
The Temperance men at Con-
nertville Intend to have a temperance
protracted meeting, commencing on
Tuesday evening 29th of this month, and
continue for three days, to en J on Thurs
day night with torch light procession,
and a supper.
We hope to be with them on the oc
casion. Go every body.
03"Dr. J. W. Keely Surgeon Dentist
will visit Metamora on Monduy the 31st
inst, and remain six days. Those
wanting work done should call imme
diately. He will be found at Dr. Cain's
fXrThe Cin. Indianapolis, and Cbica
go R. Road Co., have sold the steam saw
mill at Bulltown, to Case & Co., at the
same price they gave for ft,
OCT We most heartily approve of the
suggestion of our neighbor of the Demo
crat in reference to lecturea in Brook
ville during the winter. But who Is to
move in the matter! Shall we not have
a meeting some time to make arrange
Was Naws. The New Orleans Picayune
haa advices of the arrival ef a Government
eipreseatSaa Aatoaie.from El Pasee, which
bring Intelligence of the marching ef five
thousand Msiloaa troop apoa the latter
place, wneatne correct report cornea we
Qoeetion whether It will have much sub
b7The free school will be opened ia the
old Seminar i some time this wlater, but wo
can not learn when, or by whom, though
we have made diligent Inquiry.
The Democracy of Worcester, Mass.,
few days sgo, passed resolutions la which
they expressed their determination te diare
gard the manifeste ef Caleb Cashing aad
freoldeat Fierce. Thla Is rsbeltieas. II
not the Cabinet, or, ia the leaf sage ef Mr,
Cashing, The President and thoee with whom
hs is accustomed te eona!t,H aa Indisputable
right, le give direeüoae aa to the proper per
sons te be veted for by the people T We give
the Mter u another coluraa
17 The Westsrn Odd Fallow's Mspiinel
for Nov. le en hand. We suppose it m lib-1
erally patronized by the Order, aa It should
be. We humbly eubmlt to the talented Ed
ltora If the ovsrplusage of longwioded articles
ea the "state of the Order," does not dimin
lab, the variety and splclness demanded in
these days. It baa some able correspondents.
The members of Frsnk Ii n Lodge, I. O. O F.
Rashvllle Ind., are aboat erecting a spacloaa
belldlag, three stories high, ea the site ef
the eld Posey Heese. P. A. Hackleman and
M. Besten have the matter ia charge. It
will, ao doubt, be a building creditable to
the town and the Order. The Odd Fellows
here have made arrangement to-
ETThat wagon load ef baskets thst b-
etrocted the aide walks, a few days ago, at
"The Old White Corner' haa nearly all
beoa sold, and a new lot has arrived.
ETTbe Directors of the Valley Road met
thla week bat too late for aa to get their do
ings and sayings late this week's paper.
Slooe the above waa In typ we Uare that
they hsve ordered that proposal be received
till the 35th ef Jane ary, for the entire com
pletion ef the road from Cincinnati to Indian
apolis. Look out for the Locomotive!
KTMre. Locke hae taken charge of the
rrimary Department of the Brook ville Col
lege. ETWe heard Dr. Goodwin speaking a few
days ago of sore e new care he had discovered
for Aeate Rheumatism.
CT We aaderstaed that Mrv Kimble Is
saeeeeding wall la obtaining releases ef right
of way along the line ef the New Albany
aad Saadasky Rail Road.
(ET The water from here to Har
rison will be let out of the Canal on
Saturday the 26th inst., and will be out
about ten days.
Thlseomeeen next Thersd-y, and will
be here before our paper comes oat sgaln.
We hope that or good cllisens will del?
honor It We ewe mach to ihe goodness
ef ear God, and sorely owes a via, we
shoe 14 rvsucLT praise him. In many places
all easiness IssaepeaJed nntil after-noon and
the eommaalty assemble la the temples ef
God. Why may not thla be the case here!
We are reformed that pabtlo worship wiil be
held In the Methodist eherch at II o'clock
A. M, when a sermon will be preached by
Rv. T. M. Eddv. Let all the people ao
knowledge tho God of nations la his Sanctu-
Here's ear XT to Bro. Bookwalter of the
Lawrencebargh Register. Welcome to IIoo-
There Is yet soms misunderstanding about
ear new terms We repeat, that they ob
tain only when paid J7 strictly ir Advance
By this wo do not mesa paid wilhin two or
three moalhe. aed eapeoiallt we do not
mean, as some seem to suppose, thst old
debts, for which, la settling with Mr. Clark-
sea, we paid at the rate of f 2 per. year, caa be
canceled at the same rates. It would be a
kind ef epeeeUtlea we do not care aboat
making, to bey aa old account at two dollars
and etile at one fifty, We consider oar
per cheap at three dollar par year, and
make the large discount to induce advance
payments. We want to say also that we
have ne ether terma than thoee pebltahed i
KT Whose beetaes le it to declare the
seats ef our Aldermen vacant? They certain
y are vacant, for business ef the most argent
character which they eaehl to attend to.
I entirely neglected, and oar citizens want
to til the vacancies aa soon aa possible.
Itialae Law la the Care
A correspondent says that a few days sgo
a he was relax te New York on the Erie
Road, a lad came Into the car distributing
the prospectus efaa Ami Maine Law tract,
whereupon a gentleman proposed to take a
vote of the passengers upon that law. On
requesting thoee in favor of each a law to rise,
the passengers rose with one consent, and
the pamphlet seller, as he entered the car
again, waa met by three eheere for the Maine
Law, dariog which he learned that his room
waa better than hia company.
CT Mr. Cashing, who once made Anti-
Slavery epeechee in Congress, figured as a
Whig, turned Tyler man, became a Demo
crat, thea a Pro-Slavery man, flirted with
rree-Soilers In Massachusetts, now cornea
eat in support of the most ultra and pro-
scriptivs policy which has over been attempt
ed te be inflicted epon the country. The
following is bis letter to the Democracy of
Maesachasettswho.it appears, have taken
tho nnwarantable liberty of nominating some
men, not In favor with the President and his
advisers. Let the freemen of this country
see what agenclea are brought to bear upon
tneeaaeasses that nominate their can dldates,
and then let them be led by caucus ses If they
Washikiton, Oct 29. 1853.
Dca Sias I perceive that la several coun
ties of Massachusetts Coalition Senatorial
tickets have been formed of associated Dem-
oermta and Free-soilera. My judgment is,
that Um Democrats who have participated In
thia have done worse than to commit fatal
error. They have abandoned a principle
which Is fundamental. To oupport or vote
for the Free-So Her of MeasacnuoelU la to
give countenance and power to persons en
gaged, avowedly, la the persistent ngitation
ef the Slavery queeuon, ana tneretore hos
tile. In the eiuemest degree, to the deter
mined policy of the Administration. The
Pree'dent entertains Immovable convictions
en this point, aa I have bad occasion to ex
press to yon heretofore! and all of ua whom
be haa called to tho public seryice here most
heartily and sealosaly sustain bis views on
the subject, as being the only one consistent
with our personal buuor, the aucceea of tho
Democrats party, the grnersl welfare of the 1
country, the integrity or the Constitution, or
the permanency of this Union. If there be
any purpose more Aaed then another In the
mind of the President and thoae with whom
he ia accustomed to eousult, it is that that
daageroua element et Abolitionism, nnder
whatever guise or form it rosy present itself,
shall be crashed out, so far ai this Adminis
tration is concerned. This lbs President de
clared in hia laaugarali this he haa declared
ever since, at all times, and in all places, when
he bad occasion to speak on the subject
While be dove not issume to judge of the
hearts ef men who publicly avow sound prin
ciples, be only needs overt acts te show where
t'ieyare, la order that his settled policy in
the conduct of the affairs of the Government
shall be unequivocally manifested. Thoee
who have apprehended halting or hesitation
en the part of the President, In treading any
path which truth and patriotism open to him
will find themselves greatly mistaken, lie
it Hp to this occasion. His policy was not
haauly settled t while he occupies his present
position, Ii will never be departed from. The
constitutional rights of all Uie States ef this
Uaiee are aa daex to bint as the rights of
New llampehlre. 1 hsve perceived from the
oauwt that this great principle of the consti
tutional rights si the btatee ia fastened In his
thought as the corner stune of this Union.
Depeud upon It, no matter what consequen
ces msy impend ever him, he will never al
low it te be ahakss by Abolitionists or fao
Ueulste, bet will set bit face, like fllut, as
well against right-hand backsliding aa against
left baud defections which rosy prejudice or
embarrass the onward progreee of tho Repub
lic. I remain, very truly, yours,
Hoa. R. riethlegham, jaa., Boston.
We lesrn from the ex-editor wbo bad
the pleasure of meeting this old and re
spected citixen at his residence In Ox
ford on Saturday last, that be is in com
fortable circumstances ai far as property
is concerned, and that be ia enjoying good
health, and appears to be cheerful and
happy. The Doctor's old friends in this
county will be pleased to hear this of
him. He was, at our earliest recollec
tion, a popular practitioner in this place
and as an evidence of his popularity, we
would aay that there are more David Ol
ivera on our subscription list than An
drew Jacksons. He has many name
sakes in this county, and all of them, ao
far as we know, are yet called In ahort
i'Dock." Long msy he live.
New Albaht Semisjaxt. The Pres
byterian of the West states that the
Board of Directora of thia institution had
a meeting, and have resolved to recom.
mence operations; and, that theyre-elec
ted . Drs. MacMastera and Lindsly to
their former chairs, and chose Dr. Gur
ley, of Dayton, to the chair of Pulpit
and Pastoral duties. The editors do
not state whether any, or all, of these
gentlemen have accepted or not; but
they aay, that "As it has been resolved
to be expedient that the exercises should
be at once resumed, we caa cordially
congratulate ita friends on the election
of the above Profesaors."
fttrThe following was the action of
the Synod of North Indiana on the sub
ject of temperance:
Resolved, That we do warmly and anx
iously sympathize with all the friends of
religion and morality In their efforts ut
terly to exterminate the dreadful sin of
intempersnce. And believing, from the
failure of past exertions in this State,
and the success of prohibitory enactments
in other States, that auch laws afford
the best prospect of averting the evil by
removing the temptation from our midst,
we would recommend and earnestly re
quest of all the members of our com
munion, heartily to cooperate in all
proper exertion to procure the enact
ment and faithful executton of such a
prohibitory law aa shall be deemed by the
friends of temperance to be most effec
tual in banishing the use of intoxicating
drinks from the State.
3d. That we hereby recommend to
the members of our various congrega
tions, In co-operation with the friends
of temperance In their respective neigh
borhoods, to aid In having delegates
chosen and sent to the Temperance Con
vention, to be held in Indianapolis on
the second Wednesday In January next.
We have often been asked what is
the prospect of the American. Aa this
is a question in which many feel an in
terest we will say that, after deducting
thoae who quit because they don't like
the new editor and those who quit be
cause the new editor didn't like them
(such for instance as owed our predeessor
from time immemorial) and deducting
about twenty-five exchangee, cut off
because they were not worth to us
the cost of our white paper, we this
week print 73 papers more than theweek
A few days ago we met a young man
who Inquired the price of the American
On hearing our, answer he ordered it
sent to his father who once lived in this
county, but now lives in the west.
This we thought was a mvk of affection
that ia truly commendable. He thus
sends, weekly, a token of his love to one
whom he can not see in person. How
many persons could perform a similar act
of kindness at a small expense.
03"From a atatement In the Ohio Or
gan, we learn that during the past year,
S. F. Cary haa delivered one hundred and
twenty-two public speeches in ten differ
ent states. A part of the time hia fam
ily accompanied him in nut journeys.
His traveling expenses exceeded fourteen
hundred dollars. By the kindness and
liberality of some of those who bad his
services, about two hundred and seventy
dollars of his expenses were paid. The
drafts upon his energies and his means,
made to auatain the good cauae, have
been so excessive, that he is determined
hereafter to require of those who get his
services the full measure of hia travel
Hal I read aadlrlene' jriatters.
Mr. Smith, Preaident of the Evans
ville, Indianapolis and ClevelandStraight
Line Railroad Company, writing from
New York, aaya:
"There is an unusual stringency in
money matters, and the best posted can
only hope for a favorable change within
the next few months: Railroad bonds
and stocks are visited in all quarters
with extreme pressure, regardless of
their intrinsic value aa a permanent in
vestment. The prices at which our
Indiana stocks and bonds could be sold
here if pressed upon the market, prove
nothing aa to their real value; indeed
there is no demand for auch Securitiea
at thia time, no matter what the charac
ter of the road may be. Our people
ahould be content to hold on to their
stocks and bonds that they know to be
safe, and not be alarmed by the crisis
into ruinous sacrifices. Operators in
Wall atreet look blue; the milliona that
they have made on the rise of stocks and
bonds, are rapidly alipping from their
fingers, bv the effects of the times.
"New York is filled with railroad men,
aeeking, but not finding, accommoda
tions. Companies and contractors, are
meeting on the aarae Change without
success. The consequence is, that the
old roads will have to do with their sin
gle tracks, and a large number of the
new ones must suspend operations, for
the time being, at least, for the want of
funds. The price of railroad labor and
materials will come down, and such roads
as ought to be and can be built, that are
demanded by the public, will cost much
less than was anticipated. We shall
move on with our Road, safely and cau
tiously, contracting no debts that we
cannot meet, so aa to secure the stock
holders from all contingencies, until we
shall be prepared for a more rapid mo
tion. These times cannot last. Our
country was never more prosperoua in
all the elementa that compose monetary
affairs. The wars and convulsions in
Russia and Turkey, even should they
Involve England and France In their
contests, csn but operate favorably to
the United States, alter the temporary
effect on our monetary affaire shall pass
away, so long aa we maintain our true
policy of feeding all at high prices, and
receiving their surplua funds for safe in
vestment, without involvlngourselves in
their straggles for power."
OxrotD, November 12th, 1853.
Dear Ewto: Matrimony is gener
ally productive of numerous responsibil
ities. (Perhaps I ought to erase that
apocryphal sentence and begin anew;
for I foresee how easily some persons
will put a wrong construction upon it,
and one altogethej foreign to my thoughts
when the line was written but let it
go.) That is to aay, there are a multi
tude of carea to be assumed by the mar
ried, that the single knew nothing about;
and they are very pleasant duties too.
For Instance, what can be more delight
ful than to rise up in the morning from
ambrosial slumbers and elysian dreams,
to breathe the pure air of heaven and
make a fire in the kitchen stove with
wet wood! I pause for a reply.
Again, how invigorating to the physi
cal system to turn out of your warm bed
at four o'clock a. m., and guided by the
light of stsrs shining dimly down from
their cerulean home, seek the butchers
stall and bargain for a roast and a stake!
What health-giving delight in the gym-
nastic exercises of axe and sawl What
pen can do justice to the pleasures of
screwing up one of the new-fashioned
bed-steads, and cording it watching
with philosophic eye the extraordinary
elasticity or the cord, that seems as
though it would stretch on forever and
everl Then to get down on all fours,
like a bear, stretching carpets until your
nnger nails are torn off and anon to
tack it to the floor, occasionally hitting
your thumb instead of the tack! Theae
dear Editor, are some of the responsibil
ities connected with the state matrimo
nial. And during the laat two montha I
have been ao busy with such household
affairs that my neglected pen bas grown
rusty ,and I would not perhaps have taken
it up to-day, had not the falling torrents
of rain faatened me to my room.
I took down a volume of Longfellow
a while ago to read his "Rain in Sum
mer," which, though not exactly sea
sonable, is none the less beautiful, as for
"How It e latters along the roofs,
Like the tramp of hoofs!
How It goshee and struggles out
From the throat of the everfiowlugspout!
Across tho window pane
It pours and pours
And swift and wide,
With a muddy tide,
Like a river down the gutter roars
The rsln, the welcome rain !
And speaking of good poetry reminds
me of Miss M. Louisa Chitwood, whose
productions I frequently read In the
American, and elsewhere. This lady.lt
seems to me, is a born poet, and destined
to rank among our very best female wri
ters. The poem in the last edition of
your paper, from her pon, has very con
siderable merit. Rut it would bo well If
Mis Chitwood would bestow a little
more labor on her productions, before
publishing them. By frequent, careful
revisions, many lines will be improved,
many atanzaa omitted, and the whole
rendered more worthy of enduring fame,
1 presume Miss Chitwood Is yet young,
and will receivo thla advice in the same
kind spirit intvhich it is given. She
haa a talent committed to ber trust,
which if properly improved and cultiva
ted, may be returned to the Giver increas
ed a hundred fold.
Oxford, my present abode, is one of
the most beautifully located towns in
Ohio. Itis emphatically "a city on a
hill." Its literary Institutions are its
chief boast, ranking aa they do, with the
best in the land. The college ia now
under the superintendence of Dr. An
derson, an accomplished man, every way
admirably adapted to the poiition. The
number of students ia continually in-
creaMng, and these are a remarkably
well-behaved set of fellows.
Dr. Scott has a female Seminary here
that has attained a wide and well deserv
ed popularity. The New School Prea
byterians are about to erect another
female Seminary, to bejeonducted on the
plan ofMouat Holycke School, Massa
chusetts. The peculiarities of the sys
tem are, that none under a certain age
are received as pupils; all are required tc
board with the principal, and the entire
labor of the house-keeping deparmcnt,
including cooking, washing &x., in tobe
performed by the pupils. What a glo
rious Millennium in female education
will begin when thia plan becomes uni
versal. Mrs. Jenkins, the eompagnon de voyage
of Lucy Stone, Esq., was here last
week, and delivered two lectures on Wo
man's Rights. I did not attend her
meetings, but had the honor of an intro
duction, and a brief conversation with
the gallant madam. She la a very pret
ty woman, of pleasing address, and cul
tivated mind. She is now "somewhere
in Indiana," and may possibly visit and
enlighten the Brookvillians, on the sub
ject of her mission. Mrs. Jenkins wesrs
the Bloomer costume, and travels alone,
pretty good evidence that she is a lady
of some courage.
At some subsequent period I propose
giving you sketches of the principal no
tabilitieaofthia literary Emporium and
it haa many of them. For the piesent
I must bid you adieu; only remarking in
conclusion, that the John Smith confined
in the Brookville Jail is not
(let the Caae.
Our readers will remember the predicameut
of tho Dutch magistrate who, on hearing the
council for the plalnllff,declded at once,'py
sure you's got the case" and then on hear
ing tne council for 'b defendant waa so
pleased with his speech that he said 'py sure
yon's got the case too." Well we are In a
similar predicament. We enjoyed Ihe good
things and kind treatment of Mrs. Gerrsrd,
of Harrison, so well, a short time ago, that
wedeclJed at once, that alio had the esse
Dut sluce then we have partaken of a dinner
prepared by Mrs. John of the Washington
Hall, in thia'place, and as ws were doing jus
tice to It. we could but think of the Dutch
sqaireandsay Mpy sure Mrs. John hssgct
the case too." She can get op as good a
dinner as any body ws know of, except the
cook who uses Farqahar's premium floor.
ETThe Odd Fellows at Fairfield have got
their new lull nearly ready for nie. It will
be a splendid room whtu finished.
Another Victim ef the IJwer traf.
Thomas Shepperd, who waa, a few
years ara an acceptable member of the
meinoajsi inurcn in u;i piacr, anu an
industrious'" and useful mechanic, haa
abandoned his family, leaving them in a
most destitute situation. This is but
one of many evils resulting from the
traffic in intoxicating liquor. And now
shall we be ailent as to this curse 1 To
us it aeema but yesterday that he led to
the altar one of the most amiable and
lovelyrirls of our town, Few young
men were more promising, and for a sen
son, few were more prosperous. But
the destroyer come. We will not at
tempt his history. But we will say that
had the midnight assassin plunged his
knife to his heart, while yet ho was un
polluted by drunkenness and ere bis
wife had wept those bitter teara that at
one time deprived her entirely of ber
reson, he vould have conferred a favor
upon the family and friends.
On our first page is a brief account of
a most horrid murder committed in Lou
isville, on the person of the amiable
Butler. One paper reporting the detalle,
says, that as Butler fell he exclaimed,
"I'm killed, O, my poor wife and chil
dren. " In death he remembered and
loved them, and we know enough of
woman's love to know, that there is a
rich legacy In that ahort aentence.
But the Liquor seller not caly mur
ders his victim, but, before the final
blow, he worse than kills him. He first
destroys the affections of the husband
snd father, and sends him either to abuse
or abandon the objecta of his earlier love.
And yet all this is tolerated In our Chris
tian country. Nay more, it is licensed.
Men of good moral character what a lie!
men, certified to have a good moral
character, are specially permitted to do
this work of death. Worse still: men
who have pledged themselves most sol
emnly before God and man to protect a
brother'a wife will go on the bond of
aurh man an. I ihn, iriva them some re
pectability. when they know that noth
ing ljut ruin can follow in the train of
liquor selling. And yet worse. J here
is npon the bond or some of our liquor
sellers, at least one man who is in good
standing in a Christian Church.
13 ut we did not design to say this much
when we began, though we Icel now
that we have scarcely began to speak.
Does any one ask why not prosecute
the liquor-sellers) Such a question is
insulting. There is an organization
herein which $500 could be raised in
two hours if any good could be done by
it. The makers of our laws never in
tended that it should restrain the traffic.
Nor doea it matter a whit, so far aa we
have seen, whether licensee are grantad
or not. Except for the moral force of a
no license vote, there is no advantage
derived from it.
But shall it always be so! Ourjudg
ment says not Our hope says no!
Our love of country soys no! Our abi
ding faith in the God of the widow, and
tho Protector or the fatherless says no!
noli no!!! And if wo mistake not, the
sovereign people, when they meet at
the ballot box next October will asy no,
in terms that will be hoard and obeyed.
We cannot believe that the free voters
of Indiana will be led by that party that
opposes the bout interests of the Stste,
in opposing a law that will protect the
wivea end children of the land.
ID" 1 1 any of our reaJera wish to luv en
graving done in the very best etyle lt them
go to MUdlelon and WaUce, Cincinnati
Ohio. They will take a Dugut-reoiypo like
neae of a bulliltngi or lanriM-ape, or human
fuce, and trautfcr It to steel must uueurately,
aud then print It as well as it can be done
any place. They aUo eiecnle blauk Mutes,
bills of exchange &c. most beautifully. Try
litem ouoe and if lhy dou't do It right let
Tho AVu York Tribune is responsible
for tho following:
S Evi re Punishment. A fellow down
East having been found guilty of viola-
ting the Maine Liquor Law in disposing
of ardent, and rascally atuff at that, re
ceived the following sentence: "You
old roprobate! The court aentences
you to drink three glaases of your ras
cally liquor, and may the Lird have
mercy on your belly."
Now we undertake to say that any
law that provides for Inflicting nucha
penalty as that, would be clearly uncon
stitutional in Indiana, and ought to be
every where. Our constitution says
that "cruel and unusual punishments
shall not be Inflicted." To compel any
man to drink "three glasses" of a com
pound of raw whisky, logwood, and Co
culus Indigus is too cruel to be tolerated
in any civilized country. It is murder
in the first degree.
From the Rail Road Record.
Earn Ins ef Wettern Hallways,
and lUo lteturu ! Capital l"e
Just at this lime, the earninge of Western
railways are a subject of great importance.
Has the experience of Western retlwsys jus
tified the expectations of their friends! Have
they returned to Hie people more money
than conld have been derived from any other
business? If these questions are all answered
in the atTiriiiative, then capital will seek In
vestment iu tUem, aud uew liuts will be
built, iu spite of any temporary pressure for
money, end iu spile of all croakiuge from any
quarter. Mouey seeks profilableeinptoyineit,
la whosesoever haa is it may be. If it bo
clearly proved that any branch of business
will pay IU per cent, after paying all the
costs ol labor, rents, aud raw material, mon
ey will always be found for it. In order to
lest the results of Western railways, we give
the earnings, or an estimate of Ibein, of aomo
of the principal Western roads, derived from
the latest official reports:
Roads. Date. Receipts.
Little Miami 1st December, )
1B53. one month eetimated f 1660,000
Ohio & Penn 1st January, I
1U53, 3 mouths estimate $600,000
Cin , Hamilton, and Dayton, I .nn...
October 1, lt53. J $102,154
Tenusylvauia Central-Üct., I
1.1SS3. j $2,104.906
Milwaukee and Mhwlppi Sep.
1,1 K33. J $13!,328
Michigan Southern and North (
ernW. July 1,1853. J fl,vnr,922
I levelaud, Columbas.snd i
Cincinnati. ) .l,:..lU0
The cost and nett profits of these roods,
for lb53, are expreeea in the followlug U-
Cost. Nett profits.
Little Miami Railroad $2,710,000-13 per ct
Ohio and renn. $4.200,700-0
Ciu. llam.eud Dsylon 2,600.000 8
Pennsylvania Central fl3,luu,iju rj
Michigan Southern $3.1 3,000-12
Milwaukee Sc Miss., 10
Cleveland Columbus 13.435.000-16
The entire cost of the above l.OöO miles of
Wettern railways, Is $32,973.000; and the
nett profits of trartio lu l&3, are 10 percent
This Includes, be It observed, the expensive
line of the Pennsylvania Central. The cost
per mile, l$30,OUOi but excluding the line
over the inouutsius, it is much less.
Now, mark another fact, that the lucrease
of Iraflia on Western railways, in a single
year has be-u, at least, thirty-three per cent.
We may grant as much reduction on this
per cent, of lucrssie, as any croaksr msy de
mand aud yet It Is aplsiu and palpable fact,
that In ten year, time, Ihe trattio on railways,
west of the mountains, must at least treble.
Some additional cost of double track, thsy
must encounter; but we venture Ihe asser
tion in advance thst lu ten years time ev
ery good line of Western railway wLl pay
aa average ef 10 per cent , while those on the
Atlsatie coast, will not average ever 6 per
ewe!. e one word, the Investments ia
Western railway llnrs, on th mala roaUe
(of course, wr do not mean mere spec.
elstiva reeies) ere far the best Investments
tobe made. In any kind of stock, snd fsr
preferable tosnv In Europe, or ia car own
Atlsatie states. The lines we hsve enumer
ated above will II reqeire double trecke, and
this will add largely to their cost; bet so Im
meaee is the Western trade especially la pro
deteand so very rapid its Ineieaeei that the
profits of capital tho a iavestet will increase.
sd4 not dimmish. Ii then the Investmente
of cspital te another direction for the present.
It will soon resume the railway channel, for
a reason which is imperative on stl money
holders, that it la the bestand mostncu re In
There ore new 1600 miles of railway fin
ished in Ohio, which have cost aboat forty
milliona of dollars. Tbeee roads- will psy
aboat foor millions per annum on the cost of
construction. Here, then, is e vssi fund for
future construction. The stock ef these rail
ways Is mostly owned at home; but the bon
ded debt is held abroad. Now, so far as thoee
bonds bear lees than 10 per cent. Interest,
(and that is all of aay consequence) the Issue
of the bends Is a nelt profit te the stockhol
der; he snakca the diureute Tanas i
it500,000 Bonds at 7
per cent. '
Nett Receipts . $400,000
Interest ea Bonds $75,tluO
Nine per cent, on Slock. $223,0U0
Thus, en e good Wester rail wsy, the
bondholder will get 7 per cent end the atocs
holder 9 or 10 per eent. The lime b near at
hand, when it will be clear te all Money
holders that it will b much letter to hold
stork, than bonds. ThU will produce a treat
effect; for stock of domestic holders will pass
abroad, and tho domestic stock be released for
new enterprises. In this wsy, Ohio, with
ber immense surplus, and the equally gieat
profits of her works, will command capital to
any reasonable amount, for any rsssensbU
enterprises. .. v
TEH MS OF THE I!tO. A.ltr.RICAX.
ftinrle RnWrlptloh I year......' 3.00
ir paid wrUiln Ihu ur ....3.1t
If paid Inadvsnee ...,tj
Town riubscribern, In adrsnre I.7J
la clubs or 25 I,i2j
In clubs of 50 I.OU
13 cents will be dedscted on sutsrrlttWia out
or tb CAeaty. T. A. UUOl
TEMPERANCE NOTICE. '
The friends and enemies of a Psohibitobv
Lsw; are requested to meet at the following
limes an1 places, to JIcns ihe propriety of
passing a law prohibiting the traffic in in
toxicating liqeora. The cillxens of the neigh
borhood may depend on speech e in favor of
ach a law. If there Is say body whe objects
to such a law they shall have a fair ehance
to eipress their opposition.
Brookvll'e ' Sat. Nig'it, Nov. 1'..
Centre Chspel " '.Ii.
Cedar Grove " Dec. 3.
School hoste near A; E. Line's. Dec. 10.
A.N. BlackUdge, Ksrj. tendered his
resignation as general aont of the Val
ley It. R. which waa accepted by the
board at its late session. ,
Fromthe CincinnaM Daily Enquirer.
IU ARTH A, WASHINGTON COR Hfl ACT CASE.
Klaawti Itetalnea In rwstody. '
Colcmbvs, Mondsy, Nov. 14th, 1. M.
Verdict of Jury in the Martini Wash.
Injrton Case was rendered nt 21 o'clock
this afternoon. All tho defendants ac
quitted, nnd on motion rvrre dicrlmrgrd.
K insane retained iu custody on the pre
vious commitment in the Forgery esse.
Our reader! will remember that h'in-
aane waa on trial before the Circuit
Court ol the United States for St.
daye. He wss arrused of conspiracy to
burn the steamer Martha WanMxlon'.
Hut few, except Vie jury, after hearing the
testimony, believed him innocent.' lie
has, however, been acquitted, as will be
seen from the ibore. That he bad
something to do in that terrible affair
we have not a doubt. But we must sub
mit to the deeisiona of the powers thst
Frm the Trttuie.
New York Kleetlen.
It was Charles Townshend, if we
rightly remember, from whom Sherldnn
borrowed his bon mot on the Pea.!. f
Amiens, that it was one "of which tcrv
body was glad, and nobody was prc'iJ. '
The remark applies wiih equal force ; to
the result ofour Election. The Wh?r
have the Canal Board, the State Depart
menta and both branches of tho Legisla
ture, yet nobody imagines that the
Whig party as such deserve any credit
for this result. Its attitude is that of a
clown into whose cap a traveler' haa
chucked a dollar, just for the sake of en
joying hie amazement The Democrat
ic party saw fit to quarrel and throv. the
State away; and the Whigs have it be
cause they conld not help themselves. ,:
Apart from the battle of the Hard
Shells and soft shells the Maine Law
was the live issue in this canvass, and
doubtless called out many thousand vo
ters wbo would otherwise have taid at
home. We believe Legialature haa
been chosen which will recognize the
necessity of passing such a law, and will
strive to do it promptly, heartily and
effectively. N intelligent man can
longer doubt that the Maine Law is to be
tried in thia State; and we appeal to foe
as well as friends to take care that it haa
a full and fair trial.
Itialae I.av In ."Halne. . ..
The advocates of the bottle continu
ally assert that even in Maine the Law
is not enforced that it is null and void.
We therefore submit the following; ex
tract from a letter written by a gentle
man of the highest respectability to a
friend in Detroit. He says:, '
"In our State, the most desperate op
position is made by a set of political
demagogues men of desperate fortunes
and irresponsible characters. But thus
far we have maintained our positions.
One thing I would say to our western
friends, could we gain their ear. Do not
believe the statement of our political pa
pers which oppose our law.
Such here certainlv speak false!y.
The most unfair and false statements are
made to prejudice the public mind. 1 One
thing is true, the great majority of the
voters in Alaine are in favor of law. -
Tellyour friends another fact. Our
law ia most popular where it is the most
strictly enforced. In this town the
trsfiic is entirely suppressed. We have
a population of near ten thousand, and
not one grog ahop in the place. 'The
ain oi JUiy passea aa quieuy na any oiu-
" d7; diJ " ,e one ll'cV,d
man during the day.
"Ills different to be sure, insomeoth.
er places, but just as far as the law Is
executed, docs It gain in public favor.
If you wish to make your law a favorite,
with the people, enforce it, give a prac
tical exhibition of its effects. Crime
wiil imntedistely diminish poverty will
very soon begin to disappear taxes will
fall off for the cause of the public ex
pense will be removed, and property will
soon rapidly accumulate.
For th American.'
Jon Hibben, father of Rev's. W. W.
and II. B. Hibben, of S. E. Ind. Confer
ence, died in Hillsboro on Monday ere
ning, the 7th. of Nov., 1853. He was
a devoted and influential member of tho
M. K. Church, and had been a highly ac
ceptable class-leader for more than half
a century. He waa born in Penn.. and
at the time of his death was (tf years old.