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Jt; Ji: SWIFT, Editor' 1
..-r.HJfüQKTILLE- Jriday Iltnisp, Deeeiaber 52", 1865. The. Editor is not to be held resvon tthe for nortQ be considered as endorsing or approving any communication xchich may at any tim& appear in th Columns of IK American. tXX Tbe American is issued this week cndtr very onfaTorable circumstances fSaEdltoraou rublisber.both being ab sent, the former watching by lb bed- tide of his father, who is dangerously 111. and tbe latter being on a visit to bis ...... . ) . f asotber, residing at ZsncsTille, Ubio. , k 7I7U GH PATHCoS. .M?-desfre to return oar oaMffned thanks to those true friend who, wilb words of cheer' and. ktodly gTeelfnj have bade, the American god-speed in its , mission, and who, feeling tbe need eC a sellable Union - paper, bate aided in extending its circulation. We are a - gratiQed to know that since we assumed ' it editorial management, tbe American baa been steadily increasing in tircoia tion,- sind now bas a better circulation than at 'any former period.' Whilst we prefer .in tbe future, as in the past, to let the American spoek for, it so If, we deem it proper to state thst, in tome respects,' material. Improvements will be made In it at the commencement of .tfe new year. The typca with which it bafr been printed are old and well worn, Inconsequence of hich Ha ty pographical appearance hss not been each ss is desired. There j but one way to remsdy this, and that Is, by tbe abstltutlon of new typca, ' which it fa proposed to do about 'the first cf Jun cary oeit, when It ,ii believed the ap pearance of the-American will bo seo ond to none In tbe'Stute. " But tho par vhsse of tbe ' nrcesJarymateiials In volves I an' outlay of! a- considerable amount ofespital.anclour frjeods should remember that to meet it, ibo prompt . payment of their arrearages for sub scriptiona, job-work, 'advertising, &c:, ti of the ürst Importance. "I .' . aail MMVUM IM W-v ' -w A 1 1 kstsi rt& ike anKiiplrl!rn 1 1 At f tbe American la good, it la ptssible.witb alight affort, to make Ii ranch bettor. There' U scarcely a netghborböml'ln . tbia county In which there aro not num. berl of professed Union men, who from carelessness,' lake arrnnrss or penurl ounness, do nothing to sustain their county paper. Vty persons nilght be secured aa subscriber if the matter was placed prontincntly beftrv them.-' ;' ; ?; May . we not 'confidently , lolictt the active co operation of our, friends In tbia behalf; and may we not anticipate tbo doubling of our subscription lift within the next yesrf , . ' In this connection, and In the ebscnco of the publisher, desire in isy (hat lbs 'success of the American Is due, Irt o great mSDiuro, to tho lud ant ry; tact ind perseverance of Mr. llingham, whoj'fur tour years, .has had control of that do ' partment of the paper. When he look thftfgo of the ( CUo, he found it In any tUUg. but a ' fbiurUMng condition, but by , a strict attention to business, and untlrieg tlforU, U has been plscod on a pcrmenont footing, and, fiom being an experiment, Ilea become a fixed I n 1 1 1 u tlon In pur mldit. . WHO BEGIN T1IK WAR? It ha been a lomtnonly rvctdvod opinion among the loyal pooplo of tho land that the late terrible war was fi.reed upon us by the traitors of the South, bulked up by ihe sympathy, and encouragement i f their no Irss traitor ous COfifvderatcs at the North. It U true 'the rebels vigorously eontended thKtlhSy' were acting only In self de frhe,ai)d that all they ukvd was to be let alone, and It serins that even nnw a servile tool csn te found, woo has so completely futhoined tho drptha of In l.my as to parrot like rej cut ihe words vt, his mssters,', and endeavor to throw the responsibility a)on. the Union hiving, freemen of tbo Norih. The Franklin Democrat if the 15. h irntunt,' "One f f the st rorj argument" brought sgsirst- it, (Uttry was Ihe ftct that mssirr otien Mhippi-d the Uee. -,Gret taplral was inadi of ihU fjtt, arid Aua Frn. rrr ßnälly educated vjr to the poxnt tf making a-vor to stop if, and ertrked neatly a million of Uiite men to prevent a few negroes fioin being whipped. " '': ' ' : i And so, according lo the organ of the Fraiiklin County Democracy, our gal lant "b"ya In bloe" begun and prosecn redsa aggressive war toi fr the pur tf preserving thö Constitution and biainlai'iirg:the Uuioo, b'ut'for tho ben'- fltof the negro. "n5 the' name and ta brhalf.'of the untoilu.beiid dead who gave their lives to preserve the priceless ,bUsalrg. which werj y, we pronoance 'the assertion an aiiuitlgated sUnder and a lie. - Arotocizixa for traitjrs7- Daring the Iluvotutionary wsr thete wa a class of pooplo who ranged' them- solrcs against their countrymen wfio1 wcro batiling for their independence, and, cilber refused to take any part io the conflict, or aotivcly espoused the cause cf the Jtoyalist. These indirid uaU reoeived the epithet rf 'Tories ainee which time the word 'Toryrhas bren the synonim of all that irdvspica bio and odiom. Udtif tboce who re fused to tSBist,ln, achieving our indo pendente receivsd ad immortality of in famy wharshsit be said of those who, during our great s troggle to preserve the existence of the nation, not only re fused to soccer our brave defenders at the trontbul betook themselves to dis graceful flight to save, their, cowardly carcasses. . And ; yet, with shame be it spoken, there is scarcely a neighborhood in' the loyal States which is . not dis graced with a deserter,, bounty-jumper, draft-sneak or fugitive, compared with whom tbe tory of the . Involution be cornea an honorable man. ' 13at these creatures have an advocate and defend er in tbe Franklin Democrat, a sheet that wotjdhow; f2 majJaovcr their in famy, an J whitewash llierri Into reepeo tabiliiy." In a late number it holds the fjlIowiDg language Many poor men who could not buy themselves clear cf tho draft as their more wealthy neighbors did, left their homes to avoid it, but he who resorted to bis legs to escape tho service of his country is no Ices n patriot than be vbo resorted to bis money to avoid tho sarao service. " Now, lo our certeio knowledge,mry men who were physically unfit for tbe servico, put In substitutes who wcro veterans, and others, who owing to the situation cf thoir families, or tho con dition of their bufincs, found it ruin, ous to leave, furnUhed acceptable sub' stitutes, yet these men, according to tbo Democrat are no moro worthy than he who sneaked tiT to Canada to avoid the draft. , Wot commend tho Democrat's view of this subject to tho consideration of such able-bodied Democrats us Öher- ff Case, cx Sheriff and" protective- Treasurer Moormunn, Comm1nüioncr .Moore, Jl. C. Hanno, -q nd others of that ilk,- who three to eerro in tbu army by proxy.' The Democrat says you are no better than deserters. Do you believe it, gontlcnien? . iDEMOCRATlC nilLOSOI'IIY. Tbe Ul insu of the Dcmoc rat uro ws omsiingly pathetio over the recital of the nlfrgcd ill-treatment by a cll'ron of oju ii-uriu , i ywrpiiip oi u ooy aaopleu from the County Asylum fyf.lhe i'oor. With .Iho facts in thecuso we are en tirelyiunsiqrfinted; but, Jidglnir from thS ' DcmoifuN bsMtubl pfonncness to infsrrpreseijatid faUlywo concludu that ls statoment is a wilful perversion, f not an rntiro fabrltaiion. Hurting out whh the essumpllon, bowever, that ono Krpublicnn, or, to speak - more -,emocrttljttliyl,AbolitlonIst'--hasbcen guilty of muttreatinenl, It Sigely con cludes that the odium attsches to tho arly, and that Its members are equally ruei ana brutish. v o dissent fiom the Danocrat't , logic, but It is ait old and lomely, yet true saying, thai Mvhat Is ssuco for the goose Is suuco for tbe gun uer. A short t'mo ilnco, a well known democrat was indicted for stealing a urkry, was tried, found guilty, and In. catevrnted In our county Jatl. Would tho Pmocmt lunto Infer that sll of its loliticsl aasoviutis uro chicken thieves? A Hit of WurllMoD-Lcc'jiSurrcn. . uirrrciuctlltaletl. The following punsue H from tho jrthcomlng volume ot l'ollard's South crn History 1 "the I'ounh Year of the art There can he no doubt In hUtorv that (lencral Leo, In taking bis army uwny from Jtithmon.l and l'otviaburg, hud dceldedjln hhown irtind; upon tho lopfcUatiC't f Ibo uur, und hud pre dctermii.ed its surrender. The mot striking proof t f this is, that on hin if. treat tlivto was io order nublished gnlnl straggling n thing unorcce- dented in all dvlibvrutu ai.it tuttgiu rctri'sts and nothing whutevtr doiit- to msiutsin discipline. Tiio men weru not Biilinuied by the style ot incrul Arc'ere out r eneh-oicanions. Titer atrrgglid ai.dydcscrtcd at will. An idea rau through tho Virginia troip. lltni with the abandonment ol Jliuhmond the war was hupeltss, und thut Ihoy wi.uld bo Justiticd in rvtoeUn ; to ligla outside i ho li in ii ol their own Stale. .Nothing was done to check tho notorious cinu laiion ol this notion in the army. Thu Viigmia troops scattered elf to their bonus nt Ulm- every tnilo of tho route, We htve seen thul l'.ckoit was left with only a handful of mon. . ttimo o thu brigade commanders hud not hoi luted to udviso their men that the wur was virtually over, and that they had belter go'homo and "make crops." Hut there are other prools, besides tbe omission of the measures sguinst trsggling unual on rotreuts, that Gen eral Leo had pu-viscd a surrender oi hi army., lie carried oil from Peters burg and Xl'Cbmond II tho traosporta. tion ( f bis army, suflicient, perhaps, for , one hundred, thousand men, cortainly largely in access ot the actual need ti the retreat. The excessive n urn bur ol Viniioia troops wbo were permitted to drop out of the ranks and return to their homes, shows very well that Ihcro was no urm.purpcae lo carry the war ont of tho limits of tbstKtato. Prison ers taken on tho retreat, invariably, rc ported that tbe array was soon to be baited, for a surrendot; and General CusLis Leewhen. captured by tbs enemy Is allegod to- kav-o niado the tamo revo lution if his falhor's designs. "XSftIr CoTteiponJea ce tt llrsHtnsrteaa. LETTER FROM WASHINGTON.. . Washington D. C, Dec! 7,18C5. Mr; EDiioR:--Laru led , to believe that all newspaper correspondents are un reliable present company alwaya ex cepted.. : Some onis from this city has written or telegraphed, or both, that Mr. Har lan, the Secretary tf tbe Interior, has turned out alt the female employes of tho Department, and thereby taken from moro than 10O fcmulcs their means of support. . i . . , . . ' ' ! - The statement ia far from, the truth, lie did issue an order about tho middle of Nov. that the ladies employed in tbo building would be relieved at tho end of the month, in order that tho rooms they were occupying might be bad for tbe Pension' office' whoso business has bo greatly increased that tbe order became a necessity. On account. of this order four ladies have been' thrown out of employment. . . , . . The statement tbercforo camowitbin OG of being true. To any one wbo has cen the Patent office covering, &t it does, two entire squares, it would hardly be thought possible that all its room were so filled that there was a necessity for the above order. But such is tho case. , Every room is filled lo its utmost convenient capacity, and the offices of tbe Pension Bureau are especially crowded. It is estimated that another large building will soon havo to be built for iho uso'of tho Interior Departments, and that this massive effair will be re quired for tho uso of the Bureau of Patents alono wbosir business is rapidly incrensing. Congress hss, met, organ'zod harmo niously, and gone lo work beautifully. Indications aro that rebels will not con trol the legislation of the session. Ilov. C. B. Boynlon, late of Cincinnati wos yesterday elected Chaplain of the House. Mr. Boynton is a Congregational Minister, and until recently held . the chargo of tho Sixth-street Congrcga Itioiial Church in Cincinnati, which was the anil slavery church of the city. His election is the recogniton 'cf a principle very different from tbnt which has too long ruled our national . Icgisla tion. . Tbo Congregational Charch nor er until recently could cslnblish i'sclfin this Metropolis. Several attompls havo been mode, but tho spirit of slavery forbt.de its t-xisttnett Last month an orgapicuion was tß'cctcd, a large con grrgution gn the rod, a minister culled and now that minister with the piinci pies ho represents is encourogud by tho pooplo and accepted as Cliuplaln-by the popular branch of tho American Con Kris. "The spirit of John Brown ! marching on.'v The mooting of Congrrss is always an occasion for the ditplsy of the finest of dry goods, millinery &)., hold, as tbe personal cfTccte of the ladies of the city, Last Monday was an exception of n flno day, and therefore the occasion wsi im proved to tho fullest extent. It beat any MMuy Mooting" wo of Franklin County ever saw. Not thut there wero us many pretty women hero us there, but then the preparation and p&mdo fulfy surpassed it 1 wish 1 could glvo your lady readers a good pen picture of ' Iho fah!ona as displayed hero on an occasion of this kind, but 1 can't, nor lie no use t try. First, however, tin crowd ftui Im incuse. It began to move early and the gallery if tho ho quo was filled long bo lore tho hour, of meeting, ticoondly, It U ul)irvublu thut thro is no ono stylo or l.idilon of diiM that the Judiv are bound to follow. As tho Sutlvty bus representatives from every Hiate In tho Unlor ; so is the stylo if evtry section displayed. The long dresi Is still fashionable, but it is out cf stylo to havo It trail on tho street. It Is pinned up so us to dis piny at least six inches of the bottom ot the skirt; that should be ( Kan. Laced boots with scarlet string aro most worn, but other shades'are allow able. Kvery style of cloak Is worn, but fr tho young women, the tight filling wuUt is mostly worn. Of futs there Is a grout variety,' but tho mink itble pro vails, and fir what reason 1 can not tell, the lUcb is utmost unseen.. It can not be because tho sablo is prettier thun Ihn (itch, lor it la not. The head dress is very diverted. The big watorfult Is by no mouns cut ot lishioti. When it does go out of style tho ladies curtuinly will suy they norur did like it. Ladies of good Us:o and bettor Senne do not wear the ixiravsguntly largo waterfall. Very few have personal boauly enough lo overcome the bud effects and appear ance cf the largo waterfall. It takes a large vlock for that. Of bonnets, there is a greater diversity than of any other article of dross- Thero .is tbe old Quaker and Methodist bonnet and a mixture of these wilh every other fash ion up to the thorough bred "duck of a bonnet" that claims to bo the Stylo of tho season. Thcso are in Ibo majority. Ihoy are protty, too. The beauty tf thorn Is that thoy aro so much smaller Iban tho summer snd last fall bonnet that tbe cold can not contract thorn to any dangerous extent. Kotno folks aro disposed to laugh at them, but I tblnk they are not much to bo made fan of. They have several advantages, sorao of vthlcb aro that tbey don't blow away easily; they ukö very ttttlo trtrnk-roonr and tbey don't get mashed in tho crowd. I would, however, advise my female friends not to invent largely in them.- I hopo that Congress will not attempt to interfere with tho right of any one to wear aa many cf them aft they pleaso, neither curtail the privilege of wearing waterfalls of any ebapo or sizo desired, though the fashionable shape really does resemble o natural production seen generally among' a herd of good 'cattlo. Whose business is it? ; J. IL G. Tlie Opnrc.Ion of Wonicn-A Lec ture by Miss Anna E: Dlckluson, Delivered in Boston, November 14. 1865.. . Pf Iba Doitoa-Dafly AdvsrtUcr . In the beginning of her lecture, MUs Dickinson spoke of tbo present manner of educating young girf for the mar riage state, and for tho future. Sho raid that the great idea, tbe great aim pre eented to. them was, that tbey must make thcroselvcsablo"iogcta husband." In her own peculiar manner, the lecturer gave examples of the prevailing style of. education, and .described the manner in which young. ladies were taught to Conduct themselves, and wilb thi compared the education given to boys and young men. Girls, she said, should huso to coiial chanco with tho boye. et'a gniuVe a cbanci"lö' so educate,' Sar truio Jicrself, as to bo able to aland side by aide with her chosen bupbuid, and, if alio be not able lo spoak when , he spoAs, thut ho may euy "Amen" ondcraiandingly to what bo hus to utter. Tho education at present given to girls makes nincty-niue out of a hunurtd ti thorn deceitful. They don't enre to act Iheir own free, simple natural selves in the presence of an un married man. It makes girls every, wbero believe that it ia belter to take any ihingwbicb is cfTrcd them If it bo respectable, or rich, ruthcr than havo the uuwelcomo title of "Mi'sh" before their numos on their thirtieth birtb day. It makes women mean and mercenary in tho msnijgea they contract. Men and fithtta make Iboir daughters feel that thoy are burdens upon their purscc; that they should huvo homes or their own; Ibut llicy should, bo settled in life as soon as possible. Tho speaker de clared that the falhors of imirriugcsble daughters ought to let them know nnd feel that they have home, permanent homos, under their father's roofr: that the doors vteuld ew ingslowly upon their hinges which opened lor them to go oul for the lust lime. This talk everywhere hoard, of girls getting rnurricd ss'the great aim ofthoir lifo, should bo stop pud. In this connection Miss Dickinson took occasion to denounce tho propoH! to transport a enrgo of Mu8üacl.u-otts girls to tho far west lor tho purposo ol marrying ihcrn ff; to nd ibcm there wilb placards hung around their necks proclaiming them in Iho market. She tJid not ctjjnt to seeding those girl to thu territories if they could, upon their arrival, havo work established for them to do, nnd be placed upon iho avenues of labor. Bill sho bad heard from good authority that there was nothing (hero f jr these girls to do but to get married, to do woro, or starve. The t onimliteo vho hufl ttio 'nutter In charge, stated that there ot e thcro Ion thousand tuen, who huvo built for tbcmsclres hüls In which to live, end who nre tearing, ranting, and thrashing n round tho coun try thereabouts Trko wild beadls, solely in need of soothing spirits. It in pro posed that theso soothing spirits be sent ihsm in theshnpeof live hundred young girlrt. Our git Is aro now Imlnrd lo look forward lu Iho tstsbllshment (J homes, and to the procuring of persons lo sup. port them, 'ihey gel murrled. At the altar the young man solemnly declurts aloud, "Willi nil my worldly goods 1 thee endow," and inenlully ejaculates, "What's yours is mlno und what's mine Is my own," Immediately jjficr the marriage tho hutbund proceed dt-llbi-r-aioly to redoes this wumun to a stnto 1 1 rt'galiX'id ptuperlsrn during the remain der of hvr Uto, The nun ( pens It's arms, opens his heult, und vhul ch'se hi purse aa soon ka tho woman com to his house. Tho tpoukcr snld that It wus tlmo tho hubshd shttild under' stund Hint llio woman ho lakes as his wllo hus us good a right to his iitotmy as he hbs, because she is us thoroughly a pin I of himself, If the mat risge riles be due, as his own hand or his own e;e. Men, however, gather them in, put their money in their box, lock it up light, and then say, In the meat bewitching munt.cr: "Beg, 'doggie, bet'." Tho speaker s.ild she knew many maVricd women who litem uno nouc, and who havo elegant urroundlugx, who steal front the money allowed them by thulr buds and musti-ia to pun haao tho pro vikIoiis und tlher necessities, so that they may. boy desired aitlcltH. ,The way men maosgts Iheir money matters with thulr wives, mukes wonion soeui- ingty mean in tho manner of ulvlnu, und mean lo.trauo wiiu. it u the duly of a wotnsrLfrftcOho bcconie4 a wiiv, and pre emlneutly alter sho becomes u mother, to instruct bersull, her mind as well as her .heart, us in lu'r bunds is the making, Iho moulding of imrnorul souls. In conclusion Miss Dickinson spoke ol Iho iodecenl element ami state of Ice ling in Kociuiy, She could enter her protist sguinsl that idea In (be world which sees u man go no nslrsy um one who bus tukou un uuforlunslo step, us having done wrong but worthy of forgiveness, and in a woman one who ha dropped into tho depths ol . despair. Mho would prolesiV-agaiiist that state of society which sees iu u man ugain in discretion, who has Indulged in u lilllo wildness which in truth has boen the ruin of a lender life, tho blasting of u puro reputation, tho everlasting des truction and murder of an imfnortul soul. Sbo would protest against the morals oi the society wbichonly blames n man, out shuts Ihe door oi uopo, ot charity, against the woman wbo bas taken one downward step, , which gives to this woman no hopo to do better. atie would that women woro moro ready to condomn tho world in one case, and givo charity in tho other. She wished that women wcro a iitllo less burd on ono another, wero eager to help and to lift up ono of their own so.x fro m tho slough of dospair and death. 1 Miss Dickinson's lectaro occupied about an hour in its delivery, and was received with clostf attention and trot quout demonstrations of approval.. CONGRESSIONAL ßUHIIAIlYr in iho Senate iho principal features 03 , Wednesday : wero-. the proposed stwendiucnt to iho Constitution by Mr. Stewart c'f Nevada, 'and iho bill called up by Mr, Wüsoo to maintain the free-' dorn of those lately Blavc; The debate on this eubject is given at length in ihe regular Washington dispatches. Tho proceedings of tho.nouae were not of special interest. Both Uoubcs of Corgrcss adjourned on , Thursday, out ,of respect to tbe memory of tho late Senator Coliamer, of Vermont. The session of the Senate was occupied, with addresses eulogistic of his character. Both Uou?os adjourn, ed until Monday, doubtless for tbo pur; poeo of enabling the various Committees to mature tho work lhat comes before them. , An important debate took place in tbo llocse, which resulted in the adoption of tbo Stevens bill, referring the whole subject of tho odmission of Southern members to the Reconstruction Committee., Tho . House voted to ad journ from the 20ih of December until tho 9ih of January. , ' ' Washington December 17th. THE PRESIDENT AND C0NGHE&3. tlARMO .' , ' NIOUS. . The President has been recently adopting n tono in conversation with leading radical congressmen, which confirms the general-hopo that there will he no breach of harmony between Congress and tbo Executive, Tho de termination of Congress to delay any acllon concerning tho Southern States tilt after full' investigation by Its com mittee is acknowledged to' be final ond irr. Johneon is disposed to rccognizJ existing facts. , ' , N DECLARATION BY THE T-RESlDENT. . Ilo bus recently declared that bo would under r.o circumstsnccs bo a candidate , for rb election. Another widely quoted declaration of his is to tho effect . that in selecting a successor to IVcston King, ho docs not mean to ioe sight of the essential, that the new Collector shall be devoted to the Ad ministration, fliis oQco, it may be added, seems no neurer being filled than it was a week ao. The proceedings cf Congress on Tuesday lust were interesting. In tho Sonuto a mcsssgo from the President was read in .relation to reconstruction. Mr. Somner, on tho conclusion of tho reading of tho message, characterized it o-t a whitewashing document like Ihal of PresidontPicrco in relation to Kansce. This chargo was repelled by somu of the Conservaiiro Unionists, when Mr. Sum tier said that ho did not impugn, and never had dono so, tho good f ilth or vo racity of tho President, but opplied his remarks, simply, to tho document. Ac companying iho messigo was a report from Gen. Grant, selling forth the' views no hud formed in bis recent Soulbern lour and ono from Carl Sohuiz, whu had been sent South by the Govern ment to investigate tho condition of af fairs. The former was read, und the latter ordered to bo printed. In the House, Mr. Washburne, cf III, intro duced a bill lo i'ueititato poxial, com mercial and military communication, bv authorizing any railroad in ibo United Slaits lo carry freight, mail ut.d Government supplies, wus paiscd. A bill prohibii4n the payment ot thu rtrbel dvb inlroiJutoJ by Mr. Wilsc.n, vf Iowa, pusscd wilh only cloven ü ie scnting voices. lUn. Thomas Corwin ditd lu Wash Ington on tho 18th Inst., having been struck down with an attack of Paralysis on tho preceding Friday. fc- aaaavaaJ avaaafjal MBBBBBBBaaB .a. av.ia ttpaolat Corrsapondanrs fi tbs Atiisrlrsn. LllTTl It FROM WASIIINOTON. WahiinuImn, 1). C., Dee. M, Io'b'3. Mu. Dnirt it: Ono of tho events ol (ho season was a lecture last n'ght In tho hull of Iho House (f lleprcsenta lives by Henry Ward Needier, on be half of Ihe Freedmens Aid Commission. Though Iho luciuru was announced for half pust aoven o'clock, Ihe hall wus fllled to Its utmost capacity by half pist six, und After that hour liurtlred wero turned awny because they were unable to get nour tho doors, At the hour ap pointed, Chief Justice Chase, Jlv. H V. Dect-her and luv, Mr. Gsrnelt (col ored) toik tho stand, Jndtfo Chitse presided, and Introduced Mr, Gtirnell us chaplain on the occa aicn, who' opened the txercisis with prayer. It was only four years ago when a blntlt man was not permitted to enter Iho hall of our national legislature, other than as a servant, but tho first gan that wua (lied on Sumtor by domocratio Houth Carolina, struiU tho matmclcs of the siwven, and now a man, as black ss ihc3' sro made, stands on the speakers disk In that hall crowded with Americun citizens and ofTors prayer to God, with thnnki:ivings for. national , blessings, and with supplication for our rulers, und instead ol any clamor for ejectment, tbo rulers aro thcro with heads bowed us in solemn devotion, and tho people aro there and say, amen 1 i -. After prayer, Mr- Uocchcr was pro svnlcd to tho audience by Chief Justice Chaso in a fjw very complimentary re murks, opon which bo proceeded to sposk for a little over one hour end a half. His thomo waa"Fllh in Man." It is not necessary for mo to say that t.he subject was eloquently presented. He contends, among other things, that every body, who is tbo subjoct of a Gov ernment, should assist in governing. That proposition includes persons of all colors, and of both sexes. He cspeci ally argues tbat woman should vote. Herein should faith in all mankind be manifested. '.' However successful ho might have boon in convincing colored people they ought to voto, ho failed in convincing tho ladies that they either should voto' or should desiro to vote. ' ' , Jlnt tho lecture was not all a plea for Ibo right of RutlYsgo fvsr alb Ho dwelt at mwr4ngihin. tbe daty-oX.ua, üll Jo tbe freedmen, and the duty, especially, of working 'for' the education ond sop port rf tho colored pecplo who aro made free by recent .events. He urges no harsh or unkind measures towards the conquered .people of the South but rather tharQ the principle cf fsith in all mankind ind a Rtrict regard fjr tbe rights of all the . South may be made ultimately jo blossom as the roso. But to this end every thing inconsistent with liberty must be exorcised from our organic laws. y J . ( m.i..:.. !.-.n'. ' . . -! ' i jLaiting n on m an too lecture was well received. " .Wbcn'TheT" colored preacher was praying one lady, unable to overcome lier pccolfnr ndtions'of the fitness cf things, and being impressed tha jhe '.was, in 'the wrong place, got up anoVlcff, ranttcring as she wont some thing about the horrid impropriety of "niggers addrefsing white people." ' Sho hadjird 4wo'rk to make the door through the vast,crowd, but as'sbe took it into her bead to go, sbo went. tDid you ever see a woman that did'rii? Sbe failed, however, lo draw a crowd, but no dcuht succeeded in giving her place to Stiele One who bad more sense; or if rot moro sense, ono whose senso of propriety ran in a different channel. Congress is well to work: Contrury to the general expectation, tho question of tho ndraission of rebels to Congress becomes no question. Some of tho-0!d School Democrats would lovo- well enough to'have their old friends with them, and vote that thcV bad been guilty cf no sin in their tffvrts to upturn this Government', but there is no dUposi tlon in Iho majority to tranj-frr men di rectly f.-om cither tho rebel Congrcssor Army to our National Legislation.' When the Southern States manifest Iheir loyalty by sending tnen to Con gress who bovo taken no part in the in terest tf iho rebellion,' then they will stand a chance to bo represented,, and to bo re constructed, if you pleaso, but not until then. Tho weather is pleasant, tho health good, and this letter long enough. 'm , . : J. IC G." The Etna's News. The following h n summary f ihe j news by tho steamship K.nn, which h-A Liverpool on tho oiU und (j ic-onslowu i on thu Olli mst All the Fenian prisoners wero remov. od on the nilit ot tho 2J inst. (rom t lie Jail where Sli-phe'ns, the Hed Center, ecupod, to KilinMifibauni j til, owing to alleged difiilToclion uniong the o Ilk er ut Kichmond, Uridcwell. Amonif the lattt arrcs's of metnbers of Iho FcnUns is tho clot k of an Import ant Government lunctiouury in Tipper- ar)- Iho liOdnon Tunes indiilos in a friendly editorial toward America, foun ded on Si-crctatv KWarJ'it d rpilclua relative to Mr. Jiincoln's tsussiiiatinn Il sits llial Knglniid las mi oljt ctloii to ftti exieiitioii of Amciitiiii u-nlior, either hy Mexico or C-iruds. provided ii Is flone lion. ally and vi,h Ihe cununl of tho pCi'pli. The Iliitlsh lttliamrtit Is summoned lo meet on the first of February. The asnciit ol Queen Victnri to the both'thal of tho I'iimtm Helena and ii 1 n co ChrUtuin of H jfstuin, Is cCLl.tll; proitiufgulcd. N AtTnlrs In iSotKU Carolina. , Advlira from Churhsiiut say Ihe poopleol Nottth Csrclinu frt etinlldstit that, In (orsldcrmlon of tint adoption by tho Log Is lot uro tf the nnil. slavery tonstiliiiioiisl sniendmrnt, thtlr irpte sontntlfea will huvo un iirly ndiiiiuti to struts) In ('ot)rrrs, Tim trouhhs U twreo ths old planters ittid iho negiova sullied on the ubmuioned plantation along iho en mt, h ivo not yet boon ad-Jualud.- C 'iifuronva rel.itlve tu I lie mutter had taken pluco between the for im r proprietors nnd tho freed men. The Utter refustd to ledi-quiah their claiitu, instating thul Ihe lutula had hgi-n given Ihtm by tho Government, ' JCTlie struinor Culu brings Hunt pvun news to iho 10.li inst, Amuruun seturitus havo dedinod ti little.' 'Ihe King of the llel'tilii N dond. The Fe man trials are progrt sunif. Tho v title tliaouse Is still on the ir.creuso in Mug liuul. The liriliah IVuCe and Anil ftmvery bocloties uro moving enrnoatiy lu huvo the Jamaica butchery investiga ted, iind the Giivtrnmcnt bus cngned io so. Tho French were nnXioutly Stilling for the l'jesidenl's menage. I nnnbagivlng . was Ameriutn In Fans, patidu in tone.' observed by tho The spouchee were tvjr The African Colonlattlon Soci ety, orgniilzjd and conducted by culor ed men, is e-nga.d In u btudablo ((Tori to esublish fieri school de the freed-' men in Iho 8 tth. ' It bus already started schools In 'Washinirton and Georgetown,' I) C , Alexandria, Vu , and Frederick, Md,, all of which are conducted by colored teachers and are in u flourishing condition. New schools will bo opened in tho South as rapidly us means aro provided for their su I'ort . ..,. . sdrTho Hcrold's Fortress Monroo correspondence says JtlV. Davis is turn, ing bis uttenlion moro thun ever to the concern of his soul. He has recently been visited by his old spiritual adviser, pantor of tho St. l'aul Church, Jlich mond, who passed an cntiro day at bis prlsou in religious reuding and conver sation 'und udministcrud to blur tbo sacrament. . KT Tho rebuilding of Colt's largo factory, at Harif trd, has been decided upon. Tbo structure is lo be ono story. higher than the old ono, f00 feet by Ot) in aire. ' i - - ' , lQrTbe lakes st Madison, Wis., are tightly frozen , over. Last year tbey closed on tho S;b of tbo prcscal month. .NEWAD VERTl 5EM MTS- FARJiFOhsit' TB1 BuSitlBed III U ( ,uWU otlot X ths jrm$9l, cbRATCUDAT, IEC.J0.UH4, hi farm,-tftotteS is Bkol Scrti,' hr Wbhs Watr Tswatblp. onilitlaf f tr ua .wbiab'if new tw.tty Brik !!, ' cnlinlef T refcttf agi! a f4 Hr, fi U A tlttd Ur,nS (ktrUni!4iBf I, tw AjpU Orcbaril; abol ?9 arret iiiider ciillivatioB, la). He f tod flnskfr, well waicrnl.' Tbtr U 1fv ', Sorrham Mlllca tfcy!iet ts pb!; " TERMS Msd know. U itf cf sals'.-a.' ' Sa' teommmiit llo'tloV A. M. ' PtcMobsr 15, ISe-1w. WM. IIESJES. - TOW AND FLAX WANTED! ' A tSOt'V'.tiTiDgTOtr and TLAX to n7 XV III do well to caMca U nnd.r.lj arJaoi l hrivg umln or ach. K. 6. AYfiE.f. ' : " ' " " Art Ntv-Paper-fttll. ErookUIe,.Dfe.'15, 1615-tf , ,k . : ; i Sabscrlbc fer your Stile Paper If VORtVlfHiRD YEAR ' OF THE " v iriDiAriAPOLis jcnnnAL, DAltY.'AKlD WEEKLY, , r" TDE 7cir mn tidr.tla.d to a's niarVej'BB era in tfe civil adjuitmant of ear fr oa flit. aa tUt cf lif t mil I U ia lit m.litary t tltnaat. A aw Eld, f II t-f tiring ad dim icerooi difficjl, will br l, tu tut, 4 gp0B. Ths great prcVlttn cf raitoriog to tbscatisn ( rtvolud Statt, aed 4ireting tfc4r aetUa to t acaoapliaktaeat r 'tU ad, rakaitiieg lb thomaad tics f aaumtrcs and jnial a- iioa bralcen by the wr. Bui rtVaitdiar lh Traait wark af a toointy 'roat wbiah tha abCtiaa of ilarary ha torn out tha ry fonirin, Uafioj a onaitioaof amaait, U aad la bor unlika anylhioj la hi.trr, to rtboild at aaaa ths roini of war an 4 toti il rafoln:in, li tVa laak of 1S81.- Nlat9II.nt tiiaa of aar party m ricw it without d.op InUrait. Aad tbat iatartat hi ei only ((raiif thrat!i (h prtaa. It I aa rtic! of prima canitj ia evary hosMhald Tbo nawipaptr la Cht jr.tt aJaettor of lh a(a. aad if conducted la th fnttr'f of pal.lU rtrtaa ii Iba prioclpal lafnfaard u( libarly aad law. THE JOURNAL - t ti a aw KQU.iT TO T II S BEST NEWSPAPBrt? JN TUE KAST OR WKsT.ii Iba am...l,f M uwa andotbtrraading wtir. 1 1 aiuii la a!ar a gif The Latent Xtics by TJcjript or other , icisc. . ToJo tV.libatnrolvJSret,ffirt aal ctptnaa, but baa Utu uoi tbaa lawartlnj by a cruat la craata f alroa. . , AdaitK.t. bavaltaa mad t tbo cnrpa'or Ed ltor, Rt j.urtiri and ti rrcpundLl, aad tba cainuiinK altt.r it fun.lh rtliaMo aal arly rt.orli li.-iu all f i ta f t caiirj aa wall aa lioia tba Natioaal CaplUl. . - ' . Our Market Rcparts Arc prrparsj whh a vitw to accuracy aad relia bility, and ar aallii-Umr roiri ri-lici..l tu n.t I j",1,'' A"' " "d M,u" 10 ' la Lort, ear tndaafari, In ercry Jfpartinint of Tat JfKAi, aro dirud t tbo vaa grat Object of givi i, i iU paipU A SaunJ, ComprehesIve awl Utlia blc aNcwiipapcr. - . - TERM 3 -Payable in Advaace. Notwihtund inj Hit fvl Incrvnt la tli j-rlco of ahit mar, It uaribllon In 'tut Jotaaak will ! m riiaiJ, but alii ta TuitiUUvU at ilia vU tut rar Jiar, aa full-w: . DAILY JOURNAL. - at., To tnrtUr, aganla a-jl ri-t1o.i1rrf. pr a..,., : , Tu li( iur uWribtr, Uvlttarnl hy ar rli-t r grnl, ar wi k. ... k..3 ty ina.l, lri jaalo lu aJrubt,) j.r ya.r..l2 S4 " " " naiu.,mh... I 1 " " " lhra m.i'rtthi a Ji H ' fix UfUlLa.. 0 rf : WEEKLY JOURNAL, Ona copy, ooa yoar ...n.$t CO Tta ru i ut iitoia, (iv ana (hiiob,) ti.a )aar, ra. It i fj , 1 TI Twanty n'j-lfa t,r mult, ( i f tr i n.) vi.a , )far. Arh i y...... 1 )4 Ait aaira , Hl ba lva t lha ftit m af aai li club 'f t a, an a j y .i tba tialiy Ii lax gntlar ji i f a tin vf Rt)t atl at Is as ICnvti t ilia ltia rtut tlt is aMtSMtd ia so ' rsiH us Iba araajar, a lib as aaiavi af tab , imlurK im Iba 'mi. A I Jiilun aa ii u M14J la it uti it aay tla st Ilia atua lata. ...... , . Hollo way, Douglasa cCo. XuittiApolii, lad. CO MM ISSVONERI sl A LE 'VWV. BinlariiisrJ, arbUu4 ) lbs rnaVlls L Oiri'uit t'uui 1 a t ' it iu u li in r lUat ar U'i.a, will II at .u Uii awviiua, (anlm j ia uuily )! at jultats ' ' ' On S-iturday, prcrmlrr HO, Jftfij, , St Ilia Ii utile ii.jw at airt lad ty (lia aiil af tli u lala AI an lij-Ulioma, tviNail, t.aar lu Ca j ir (Im va, I h a taal aitiila mittiii ii In t n.l J ta lha rata nf am lUWl.aa a. Jha It, Hark a 11 um I sl., 14 it a aiIS la al4 CfSil, a' S 4 acriltail I ti u a ! M nr at tha P. V; rjaarler af fartUa 1.1, T. H, 11, 2 wail, siljolnlng ita luwa of taaaa Uruva, , , . ,, , f ' - AI, a n an t a lialf aar tract rat of 8. M. ?arlarufHaotlunn,Y.S, U, 1 waat, alu aJ lining aaWtowtt Sf t'adar Oma. ' ' Alan, tho Waat half af Iba . Vf. qaartar af Saailua IS, T, S, Jl- i, eanlalnlng SU ara taaia orltia, Alao, tba $;W, qtiartar cf tbs N. XT, .4rlar nf f oellun IS, T. , It. 3, unlaliilpg 4u aaraa puro era lea. . . . . . , . Ainu, (til aorai alf Ilia aoulb Iiis af lbs 0, W, awNrlarnf faailnn IS, T. S, . 2 aal. f AN, Lata 7 an4 S la WarS'a flat af Ibo laaa of CaiUr Oruio. - , ... ' All ilia aduvo lan l ara llsntad la, Franklin, fuunty, Ibtiaua,aitdallljlii i.ar la tbo W. W. V. Canal and to ist W. Y. lUil RoaSaaw bullJlnir, and Irom Ian to laatta tallri from r riaon, Olilo. Tba raaal vt Ibam tall aavaisd a-llh aarallaal tiwtiar. .. lllda fur Ibo iurcbaa af Ilia ama or aay art of It st nrivata lata alll lo reetUaJ tistll ids Jith of baoaiatir nait. , T Ii K M S Ol tiALEOaa-lblrd of arckaa monay down on day f aula, ooa th'rd la ana and tbo remaining third In two ytari Iberaaftar, defarrad payuienu'acur-d by DutawltS tatarait, waiving valuation aad araiaaiaaal lawa, sad. by wort gaga en tbo ireoiua. . C. C. BlNKLt V, CcrcnilMtcnar,. Dac. J, l$BJ.w. HE AK' ESTATE, FOR SALE. Till! andanlgnrd, ajjoiniid 1 iL (oil af CvroniitB Tlraa .f FraaVlla Cauoly, Iadlaaa, a Cumnialanar te biaVa al af lha laada cider, ad to ta aold la tha aaa of Kllal,th rraelrr at at. t f. Mary X. J'raeler t at., III aall at-abtlo auction, (a nlet ratkaily agld sl 1 lilt a as to,), a tba prmli, at JO o'clock A. M., On Monday, pc'cpnlcr ? 1E(J5, . tha fallowing dcarrllad tiart of land la all'. Cuuaty, to wit: , . ,- , - . - Tart t'f tbs K.W. qaartarcf Ftt tloa IS.Towa skip 9, Kanga 2 waat, aaatalnlng flra serai, and tying South of, aadadjolBlaathatawpakfJJalaji Hid a for tba puirbano of tbo 'aaaia at.riaata isla, will Uo raocirad st tnr otHro in UroakvUU, la aald Cauaty, antll tba 23d da j f Ietcmeor 18rtS, TERMS0F8AI.E. Ono half sarc'ssio meaty down on day of aale, realtao la tu j aa; ihara altar, daferrad aTiaant aaurd by Bala, wait ing valuation Sad optra!rairBl law, ar?lb la taratt from daU, an 1 4t raortraga sa th f roaU loa. C. C. l;IM;H;ifcl-'oaidLiit-atr. Dae. 1, IWS-iw.