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C. II. DIR on A II Proprietor Ö3ee In the ITatlonal Bank, laildhj, - - (third story.) 1 - TERMS OF SU3SCr.lPT10i tJ,30 PFItYEAU,! TAcf. ' C3 CO iM ; " ir ot ?Ato i aoTAjrc. l?o postage on papers delivered within tilt Coanty. THE PO 5 ITI 0 N 0 FTH E SOUTH. BT TUt HON. CINET WILSOW. 0 tux Caes, May 3, 1857. 1 T las El'tof of the Indspoolaati tl -' I believe that the bloody civil war . through which the nation baa passed was inevitable, that the land of God was in it. Thus believing, I cimt also to believe that ''Nrlea'alavery, the solecsaso of that bloody , etruggle, should perish in spirit as well as in name, our estranged countrymen of the ' fioath would again lote their country and thi ir countrymen. Delicving this I hare atr'ven, since tho surrender of the rebel -truies, so to eloso lie great contest that it woo'" never more be reopenod. The way " to COWpIflto success seemed to me to bo, Mrtiirougn punisumems, um .urougu aui taesty for the guilty and manhood suffrage IUI tu l(r'u'viii . . the material forces of. the rebellion by the artridgehox; its spirit can only be con quered by reason through the ballot box. Vhcu that great measuro was enacted, giving 'protection to life, liberty, and : property, and a well-defined plan of re-' construction and tho ballot to freedmen, ! it itemed to mo that the hoar had come- for tho friend cf tho united country and of impartial liberty of the South, not only to reconstruct the reiicl State in accor dance with the terms proscribed, but to re construct them in spirit, to place thorn in the bands of such men only as are in heart . fur- the unity of tho nation, and the equal . rights and privileges of all its citiicns. It seemed to me that the hour bsd indeed come to besp the lis log coals of truth on tie naked bosoms of the people of those States, to rally and consolidate the veteran Unionists, the nowly-frenchised blackman , and the repentant followers of the 'lust cause," and to lift these States out of the depths where they were fallen, up Into complete harmony with their loyal niiters. Pilled with this faith end this hope, I entered, one month a no into tho rebel States, not to utter flatteiio; ur soothine words in the ears of men vho now lead opinions and control affairs, I who cow di . rect the press, and other meat s cf reaching - the pooi.lt; but to make the hsuo clear, sharp, distinct between tho (ricnJs of the reconstruction policy of Congress and its fucmies; between those who uie in sympa- thy with the uiuu who saved the country and liiado it free and those who insist , that tho men who saved tho country and made it free are its enemies. It seemed to mo tJ bo the duty of far-seeing patrio tism to make tho issuo in the rebel States now, and not permit tloo Statca to muin la'n the unputtiotio and fatal acotion! "t!rT.t 4rtrinhti'n n policy condemned alike" by reason and experience. Pegin- inp 00 1I10 'JOth of April, at Urange Court LHe,-Virgin in, and closing on the 18tU of May at Huntsville, Alabama, I mot : and addressed several thousaud of our countrymen of tho South. I did not fail to utter my sentiments with entire free dom, though they were utagouistio to the sentiments of many who listened to mo. Two-thirds of tho property of tho ten rebel States perished in tho rebellion, tens of thousands of their young men were Sacrificed by it; losses and sorrows burden the lives of the people, the ideas, priuci- 1 p!e, end policies of their leaders are for ever lütt; and to the people tho futuro looms up dark, almost rujlcss. Thcso uieu of the South havo by accurustomcd ' to bear, and they havtTcöme to believe, that their country and their countrymeu - havo brought upon them the nameless ! ! woes, now preesing tbem down. Politi cian?, presse, and pulpits have taught and still teacb this. Believing that men roust Know they have tinned beforo they will repent, 1 ''! deemed it to be my imperative duty to do- ny all responsibility for their losses and Bufferings on thö part of tho Government of the United States, the people of tho loyal Statca, or the Republican party; and ' to bold the people of tho rebel States alone .responsible for every dollar they expended very life they sacrificed, every drop of blood they shed, every tear of agony or j' . sorrow. I deemed it duty to pronounco - the war the most wicked rebellion, in mo tive and purpose, in all history. I told them that slavery hsd poisoned tho very - fountains of their be inj:, fired their blood, öd made them hate their country and their countrymen. I appealed to the black men not to form a black' man's party; not . to doaay-thiog to make a war of races; QOt to bato'any but love all; to Vote Tor such men, and such. men only, at would 'Hake the constitution of their States io that equal iglti and brivilegcs should be the birthright of all; and who would es . v. ? ; , k ..v-.t. r . l . -1 ! -e . i. - m vot vvmvvi ivi . u v uvvivu vi luv children of tho people. Loyal men and ' freedmen listened approvingly to these f 'who did not approve to state that no groan hiss, or disrespectful or unkind word fell upon my ear at any meeting I addressed. Ä ot accustomed toj'rce speech, accustomed only to hear one side the side of slavery, accession, rebellion and civil war thcso menlislcned with respectful attention, of . etvwith deep interest, to the presentation . t) irnths antagonistic to all their cherished convictions. Surely, free speech in the '"States, if not a fixed fact' is in process "cf achievement. Never was there a grander field for labor (than the rebel States now present. . The people are poor indeed. My ears are pain 'cd my loul was made aiclc, with the reports of losses of property and of suffering. . General Sickles told mo that there were ,0,000 suits pending in the courts of North -Carolina and South Carolina and General ' Popo thought there were nearly as many in Georgia md Alabama. Tho people of those States need capital. Money is loan' cd there at ruinous rates. They need not only the fostering cares of the Govern meat, but the charitablo action of-the " people, to relieve their misfortunes and . sufTerings and to aid their educational and, religions institutions. . Thcso peoplo have sinned against their country, and against j man,' as Oo people have inned for ages; but they have brought down upon them TUT VOL. ONO. 27. selves terrible punishments. They are our countrymen, are to bo with us and of u?; and, though they continue to say and do weak and foolish things, we can afford In the hour of our complete triumphs not only of arm, but ideas to labor for their good, though our labors may bo received with reproaches rather than grateful thanks. Time will modify the feelings of even persons poisoned with tho virus of sla very. The passage of the Military Tlcconstruc tion Act, and.tho act amendatory of it, havo had tlio moat wonderful effect. Lifo and liberty wcro sever so safe in thoso States, for all the people, as now. The Southern people, accustomed to power, are not inietiiib!o to its influences. Hut the enfranchisement of tho freedmen has produced tho most won'derjul results. Iho rebel lenders, hoping to control tho votes of tho freedmen, have been most lavish in p'rofosions of friendship to tho negro. As that hope begins to grow dim lor It Is every day becoming manifest that the mass if tho negroes will voto tho Republican ticket, and support the policy of equality of tho rights tliifo Southern leaders aro beginning to talk about n war of races, and to hint that tho plantation negroes will be tnenacrd into voting as their employers direct. It is huiuiluting to seo tkiit KOUio persons dunning yet to be Republicans are making llicintlv, ro diculou by rcrcHtiiig the idie talk about a war of racen, if t lo six hundred thousand negroes in tho rebel State havo Imlrpen denco enough to voto fur equality of rights, and privileges, and education. I shall certaii.lv bo disappointed if at least ninety per cent, of the negroes of the rob 1 States do not voto together for tho llo publican party, which, to them, is the party of patriotism, liberty, justice, humanity and education. I am confident that thero aro now more than six huudrcd thousund Republican voters in tho rebel State; and that beforo November next there will bo more than three-quarters of a .million.' They are poor, without papers or other incuu of eulighteoment and orgsnizutlon. They uro in preying need of help; and tho friends of equal rights, of a united and lice nation, should give aid to litem. They are hungering und thirsting fur speakers; and if one hundred of our ubh-st rpeuker would go into thoio State, they would find listening crowds fur weeks to cotno. Never had men a nobler field of labor than luvo tho friends of uuiun end liberty. Our frieu Js are Legging, imploring for documents, protcs, woHprs, speaker. In telligent patriotism sees that U vital to the futuro ot the rebel Sta. , and to the country, that they thoufii pass into the cootrol of patriotic, liberty-loving justice giving, progressive men. To tuko tho State up out of their sec tional position, and put them in unity and activo sympathy with tl.o political, religious educational, and bu-iueti interests of the nation, i surely a patriotic, and Christian work, for which good men may pray aud labor. That rebel presses and politicians, and their sympathizing friends, should rebuke all cÜort of 1L0 pcopio of tho rebel States to put their States in comjlo:c unity with the country and deem all efforts to aid them obtrusive iulerfcreneo in their local affairs, will surpriso no ono who has not forgotten their pretensions in tho past to control and direct, tu put up and put down l'ut it is n mutter of surprise that tho con ductors of public journ.-iU claiming to bo inoroor less in sympathy with tho llepub lican organization, should givo aid and comfort to Rebel presse und politician, by discouraging tho efforts of the friends of the Country to pluco thoo States among the most advanced and liberal Stated. I can not forget tho earnest appeals of Mr. Weed aud Mr. Raymond in 18GI and 1S(35 speakers in New York. I would remind Mr. Weed and Mr. Raymond that our friends in the rebel States are quito as earnest now for speak ers as they trcre then: and I would ug gefst to them that it is vastly moro impor tant to tho futuro of the country than those States should now pass into the con trol of Union-loving Liberty-loving men than it was that New York should then voto the Republican ticket. If tho work and speaking preformed in cither of thoso years in New York could bo had in tho rebel Statca during the next four months, eight at least of those States would elect Govern ors and Legislators, and send Senators and Representatives to Congress, fully commit ted to tho policy of the equality of therizhts and privileges of the citixens of the United States.- The conclusion which I havo come,' after ono month's inquiry and ob servation, is that the real friend of ''liber ty and Union," unaided, will carry several members to Congress; that, aided an they should be, tliyy will pl.ice nearly all of thoso for years tocomeio tho hands of pro gressive men. Dible Cause in Indiana Year ending March 31st, 1867. To the friend j and patrons of tho American Dible Society, and its auxiliaries in Ind iaoa, this second annual report of tho present Stato Agent is prcjonted, which wo trust will encourage all lovers of a free circulation of tho Dible, aud act as an inpetus to 'greater activity and zeal in the great work committed to our care by the Great Head of the Church through the American Riblo Society aud its aux thane?. Tho Csical year of the A. B. S. clotted on tho 31st of March, whioh .closed 51 years of its wonderful history. Small and feeble was its beginning, in a room in New York City, 20 foot equaro in 18 1G. At ono time one of the ardent friends of the causo standing in that small room said "I verily bolieve I may live to seo all the shelves in this room filled with Bibles and Testaments." Ho did lire to eee it," and the houso on Nassau street occupied and vacated, and then as a Vico President of the A. ü. S., took his scat on tho platform and witnessed the present Bible house in Astor Thee, N. Y., occupied from cellar to THE UNION. THE CONSTITUTION, AND 1 J. E N F garret. As proof of its successful carreer, wo. give tho following figures: Tho first year of its history it received $37,779 U5 ; the GOtb year, S0i2,C25 C 1 ; and now for the year just closed, 873 1,0S3 14. Bibles and Testaments issued the first year, 0,410 volumes ; tho 50th year, 051,0 15 volumes ; and tho year just closed, 1,010,337 ; total number issued by the society during 51 years is 2-.G 10,-1U4 volumes, and tho iosncs from tho Bible houso from tho beginning of 18C1 to the close of 1SC0 exceeded those of tho first thirt-.thrco years of tho Sooie ty by 107,001 volumes. Hook donated by tho Society during the past year ex clusive of foroign grant, 17l77 volumes, and to tho foreign field books amounting to $C3,C74 t5. Tho gratuitous distribu tions and appropriations by tho Board in ttvoht, inonry, dmroitnt on $rt1r to nuxlllur its, (inl dibit of fable wcietut cancelled, 181801)09 1)0, during tho year ending March 3lst,.lrt07. Other facti and fgarcs might bo given, but for want of spr.co in our report for tho State, tho above must suffice-, and for further information we re fer our leaders to tho unnuil report of tho A. lt. S., simply adding, "What hath God wronght." And whilo figures show tho amount of money received and 1I10 number of volume) of tho Holy Scriptures issued, many millions of which havo Icon given to thoso found destituto of tho Bibltf. yet tho moral influence of tho society over tlio world and the spiritual work it has sccom plishtd in the salvation of men, ennnot ho ton or known until the Judgo of all tho purih niulo known to the assembled world tho grand results. TUE CAUSK IN INDIANA. Tho following triof summary will show in purl what has been srcomplUhod during tho past year ending Match 3lt, J8C7: Tho State Agent visited loG auxiliary and brunch Bible Societies; attended C- com mitteo meetings; attended 1-7 Bible meet ings; delivered 117 sermons and address es on. I ho Riblo Cutiso; traveled 11,575 milos by railroud und stago ; sent out (1,-Üü letters and circulars on Riblo Society busi ness; atteducd 31 auxiliary nud Bible Society Anniversaries ; obtained on sub scription and cash by personal effort $2,300 ; received from all souri'c and re mitted to the Assistant Treasurer at tho Btblu house 13,113 85f and attended to all interests of tho work, such as f ecuring county agents for tho field, initiating tlio same; preparing documents for uo uu the field, und iniuiy ether important items which cannot bo given in an annual re port. Tho following is summary of tho labors of tho County Agents: Miles traveled by tbem about 5,000; families visited 35,000, aud found destitute 'J, 020 ; supplied with tho Scriptures, 1,110; number of volumes circulated about 'J, 500, of this number 81,107 'J'J were sold, and books amount ing to about 500 wcro donated to the families in Bibles and Testaments who wcro found without tho Biblo ; raised by donations, about S17,4S0; collected on tho bumo about 1U,80S35; tent out on Biblo Society busi ncss ., 700 letters and circulu-H ; organized 125 Branch or Town ship Biblo Societies ; attended 201 Branch and County Riblo Society Aiiniver-iaricK ; Total number organized and viitcd by them 410; delivered 1,125 eermons and addresses. Besido ull this our fellow-laborers did a very good missionary work, and wo trust many a precious tout will bo brought to Christ through their labor. Tho uverago number of agents for tho State tlio pHtt year was seven, who canvass ed the ficldi of sixty-Gvo auxiliary socie ties, at a coht of less than half a cent to each pemou on their respective field ; Thai it will bo een by tho above report that our county agents liuvo done a good work, uud wo commend them to the sym pathies and cordial co operation of all among whom they may labor tho present ycir. Lifo Directors and Lifo Members of tho A. B. S. although tho number is not largo as compared with Illinois, yet we are annually increasing tho number, and during tho past year four persons hive been constituted Lifo Directors, aud thirty-two mado Lifo Members of tho Auieri- , cuu Biblo Society, while forty-eight more havo given ?.() pledge, payablo 111 or 810 installments, to votistituto themselves or children Lifo Members of tho A. B. S. JJouks circulated in tho State during the past year about 17,1)00 copies, valuo ubout ?D,700. SoblatJi &:hooh. The Stato and Coun ty Agents havo visited a large number during the year, and tho ehildroa aro found to bo very much interested in. the Biblo work, and a number of Subbath Schools connected with tho various co operating churehos have made their jubilee donations of 810 and upwards to tho American Bible Society. By a c.ircful perusal of this our second annual report, it will bo seen that the Bible causo is advancing in our Stato, and 1 now a very important work, and it com mends itself to all Christisns and to all philanthropists. Tho ci.ics of Indianapo lis, Kvansville, Lafayetto, Tcrro Haute and Laporto havo been canvassed with very satisfactory results, while a large number of countios have been explored with equally good results. - The whole amount rui.icd in our State and pit J to tho A. B. S., after defmyiug tho expenses of tho agency and incidental, is u littte over 822,000, which shows a falling off from tho previous year of 82,000. This is in cousequenco of the money pressure, and the loss of two wh:at crops in sue cession, with other causes which contrib uted to diminish tho receipts; Wo hope, however, tho present year will bo one of succet-e, and that a largo- incrcaso will bo tho result of hard toil for our great work.J "Wo comraenco another year with 123 auxiliary Biblo Societicsand -125 Branch Societies; total 513 Biblo Societies in our State ; ",700 persons who sustain official rotations to thcso societies and comprise the various Boards of Managers ; 1,S00 local or unpaid school district agents, whose work is gratuity, and to whom wo look for the accomplishment cf groat good 1 L 13ROOKVILLE, IND.. FKlDAY. in our worlc ; about 1,200 co-operating churches, with nearly as tn-nr ministers, whoso pulpits are always o for the Bi ble Agent, and to whom wc ,1 very largo ly indebted for tho success t ie past yesr, and to whom wo tender outJ yjrtfdt grati tude for every favor, and the name of Him who gave us the Biblo, and in the name of tho American Biblo Society, for continuance of the samo ardent co-opera-tion. In conclusion wo may bo "permitted to add : If you aro a Fastor, will you please. preach on the Biblo cause, end take sub scriptions for the sumo. 'If you aro an officer of en auxiliary or branch Biblo Society, will you sco that it-js kept in octivo operation If you aro ajocal agent, ploaso sccuro a public prcfelHstton of tho Bible causo in your district, and canvass it thoroughly to raiso funds and circulate scriptures. What ever may be your posi tion, will you not contribute to tho ex tßt of your ability, to supply the desti tute with that book, to which. you aro 10 much indebted. You are Invited not only to givo liberally now, but to re mo tuber tho American Bible Society In your will, which the uncertainty of lifawlil of coureo remind you should botdo without delay, Or, If you prefer to g!vo a noto payablo by yourself if conve2ent, and il not, then by executori, in place of a bequest, wo shall be glad to furnish you with a blank for that purpose. Yours truly, , John Tiiomimon, Agont of A. B.3. for Ind., Stoukwel), lud. , t 1 1 STOnY OF A SPY. General L. C. Daker'a Initiation Into tho Secret Service of tho Government. 'TIllULLtNO lNCIDXNlQ General Baker is a nutive of fi'cw York, but at tho outbreak of the war had boon for some years a resident of California, where he was a prominent member of the Vigilance Committee in 185(1. Immcdi ate y after the att irk on Tort Sampler, ho went to Washington to oiler his services to the government. His experienio as a detective in California suggested tho na turo of his employment, and having been introduced to (Hcucrnl Scott by the Hon. Hiram Walbridge and tho lion. M. 1). Kolley, he wus authorized by the veteran i.icutennnt (leneral to undertako a secret expedition to Bichmoud. On his way thither, he was stopped, arrested as a spy, forwarded to Ilicptuond and imprisonod in au cngino houVo. On the way, howev er, ho had managed to loarn a good deal about tho number and disposition of tho troops. Tho following is his account of an interview v"u Jeff. Davis: " On tho fonjJtr fifth v day of my con fitictucnt, a commissioned ofiiccfattcuded by a guard, entered tho apartment, aud said the President wished to. seo mo. I obeyed tho summons, and after reaching his room waited nearly two hours beforo I was presented to Mr. Davis, with the sim ple cxprcssiou, '"This is tho man, nr." Tho room occupied by him in tho Spotts wood IJou?o was a front parlor connecting with a bed-room. Tho weather was warm, and he wore simply a light linen coat, without vest, collar, or cravat. Ho then said, "You havo been sent herefrom Ma nassas ns a py; what have you to say?" I related tho circumstances of my capture, complaining bitterly of my treatment, to which ho listened with perfect indiffer ences. He then asked substantially tho same questions Beauregard had proposed, and which wcro answered as nearly as pos. siblo in the words used during tho inter view with hitn. I was takcu back to tho engine loft. 1 At tho next interview, the flh-traitor determined to make a thorouglijl nd satis factory examination of his prisoner. He began: -What is your namo, sir? 'Samuel Munson.' Where were you born?' 'In Knoxvillc, Tennessee 'What is your business here?' Tho settlement of certain Inod claims iu California for a man whoso agont 1 am.' Who is tho man?' Tho Bev. Mr. S , of Barnwell Court House; now. I believe, a Chaplain in tho urmv Having brought with mo from tho Pa cific Coast land claims in behalf of a min ister, who returned to Barnwell Court House, his former placo of residence, and whoso uatuo as Chaplain was on tho army roll, my statement had certainly an air of plausibility. How long have you resided North?' I havo been in California eight years.' Wlion did you leave California?' 'On the first day of January, 1801.' Then followed sevornr. qttostioin as to the number of troops iu Washington and tho strength of tho fortifications around tho city. Davis then continued: 'Do you consider yourself a Southern fnsi.)t ass a t i i Yes, sir; I Jo. 'Do you sympathize) with tho Southoru people?' I do.' Aro you willing to fiht with them?' c! sir ' Will you enlist? 'No, Sir." Why not?' Because I am hero on busing which I ought first to accomplish.' Tho guud was summoued to ' tako Mr. Munson' to his prison again. Beforo leaving, I stepped forward to a tallo on which stood u pitcher of ico water, aud, turning to the rebel chief, said: 'Will you allow mo (o take a drink of ico wattr I get none where I atu?' 'Certainly,' ho replied. jl Three additional days of tf Vrtonous lifo in my loft were passed, wlj 1 1 was summoned onco more into the ( coco of Davis. No sat by his table wrl g, with his back toward the door, while I irly op posite, reclining upon a lounge, l;y f asleep, and looking much like a roan who had im hibed strong drink too freely, was Bobert Toombs: He roused himself as I entered, ( W II ' II III 0 II C E M E N T 0 F THE LAWS JUNE 23. 18Ö7. to listen to my examination by tho Prcvi dcut, who, laying down his pen, turned to me and said: Have you any other way of proving that your namo is Munson, excepting tho letters found in your pocket?' 'Iam not acquainted here, sir, and do not know any one.' You say you aro originally from Knox villo. Can you givo roe the names of any persons whom you know there?' 'It has been a good many years sinco I lived in Knoxville, but I remember some persons who wcro there when I loft. I gavo tho names of several mo a whom I knew resided in that city. Would they know you?' I thi uk so, though a residence of eight years in California has, no doubt, changed me very much. If I th6uld see them I think I could mako them remember rue I had taken tho namo of Munson, be causo I had learned that fevcrsl fumilics ofthat namo belonged in Knoxville, and tho son of a certain Judge Munson hnd been in California, whom I cuuldrcpro- sein. Davis rang a bell, a messcngtr appear ed, and taking a naire, left tho room. I suspected at onco his errond. Ho was dispatched for somebody from Knoxvillc, to identify mo, if my story wcro tiuo. Tho cri-is iu my affairs had come.. I con cluded tho gamo yas up, and my vocution gono. It was a moment of great anxiety, und my thoughts wcro intensely nclivo with tho possibilities of cscnpo from tho Maro in which I 'seemed to bo caught. Davis continued writing, and Toombs closed his eyes, - The messenger left tho door ajar, and, unobserved, I drew my chair nearly in front of it, to gain a vUw of tho outer hall. Its it, on a small table, wcro blank cards on which thoso who cull ed to see tho Confederate President wrote their names, and sent them by an orderly beforo they wcro admitted to au audience with him. . , , ' Soon the messenger with a stranger en tered thi hall. The latter wroto his name and handed it to the orderly, who camo In where I was sitting. I ruisod my hand to take the card, aud lie stopped to givo it to mo, when I glaucod at tho nnmc and mndo a motion to havo it laid on Davis's tobln. The rebel Kxccutivo did not obscrvo this, and Toombs wua apparently asleep. The orderly put tho curd before him, was di rected to oil in i t tho visitor and retired. Tho Knoxville man came in, and turning toward him with a look of sudden recog nition, I rose, grasped his hand aud ex claimed: Why, how do you" do, Brock?' Toombs raised himself up aud1 nodded to JJavis, who said: Bo seated, nir. Do you know this man?' Brock was taken by surpriso, but, not to appYar ignorant beforo tho President, replied: "Yes, I know him, but can't call his namo now.' 'My namo is Munson, of Knoxville. Don't you remember Judgo Munsou's son, who went to California?' 'What, Sam Munson?' That's my name.' 'Oh, yes,' said Brock, turning to Davis, 'now I remember. him. Yes, I know him very well.' 'Do you know his people there?' asked Davis. . '1 know his father, Judge Munson, very well.' Toombs stood up and said, 'That will do, sir, that will do,' and Brock walked out of the room. Toombs then drew a chair close to Da vis, and they conversed in whispers for a few moments, when the guurd escorted me to my quarters. 1 fancied that 1 bad made some progress at this interview. Tho next morning bought Mr. Brock to my loft, evidently to hatisfy himself fully that I was Sam Munson. A delicate and diflicult task was beforo me, and the result to my own mind very doubtful. Brock, however, was talkative, willing to carry on the conversation, and evidently quite ture that ho was not mistaken in his man. I knew something of tho Mtin son's and localities in Knoxville, nnd by tho aid of imagination, could fill, any pauses in Brock's conversation ; eight years of abscu co excusing failures, in memory.' Hrock nsked leading questions, paying, for illustration, 'i'ou know so and so.' 'Oh, )cs,' I responded, though I had not tho remotest knowledge of tho person. Then Brock would refer to something very ludicrous, and I would burst iutö laugh tcr, as though at the recollection, while Brock, greatly enjoying it, would uneon BCiously tell tho wholo story, so that 1 could put in a fitting remark hero und there, which seemed to como naturally! hum recollection. Brock went away, en tirely satisfied, and reported to Jeff. Davis. Two dnys later, a commissioned officer en tercd tho room with a parole, pledging myself not to leavo the city of ltii hmoud without orders from tho Provost Marshal. I hincd it, and was released from ton fiucmcnt. With tho freedom of tho city, I continued mjr observations. Walking through a alreet on Sunday morning, by a high board fence covered with posters concerning regiments being organized and other military announce ments, from which I gleaned additional information, a man came up aud slapped mo on tho shoulder with 1 1 n 11 0 , Bakeil What aie you doing here?' Tho name sounded strangely under the circumstances. I was startled, but, look ing around calmly Paid: I cu3s you aro mistaken. Sir. . . m mm My namo is Munson. Ain't your name Daker?' ' No, Sir.' Didn't you go to California in 1850?' No, Sir. I havo lived in California, but I did not go thcro till '32.' Why, didu't you go across tho Isthmus with me in April, 1S50, wheu wo had tho light with tho natives?' No, Sir. I guess you have mistaken tho man.' 'Well, I would have sworn that you were I ' WHOLE N0. 2S8. Baker. Didn't you havo a brother there?' . 'I hid a brother there, but he came homo in '53.'' ' , 'Well,' said he. turning away, 'it's all right, I suppose, but I never saw two men look no much alike .in all my life In the mcontimo I had obtained infor mation of military movements and plans, learned where' the enemy had stationed troops, or were building fortifications, and what they were doing at the Tredegar works. 1 had obtained tho knowledge for which I came, and was anxious to return North. '. ... ' Succeeding at last In getting a pass to Fredericksburg, Baker attempted to travel beyond that port, bat had kearcly gone two miles from tho city when; ho met an officer nnd soldier on horseback. , TKo oiliccr reined up beforo me and in. quired: 'Jlavo you got a pass, ur? Yes, sir.' 'hot mo sco it.' With tho promptness ."of ossurnnce, 1 drew forth and banded him tho pass from Kichtnond to b'ndericksburir. ' If able to read, I hoped he might bo satisfied with a glanco at tho fapcr, and let mo prpeccd. Ho studied it awhile, till his eyes caught the word 'Ficdeiicksburg,' and then ho said: 1 don't think this will do, sirf Ti all right.' Well, it may le, but you'Jl havo to go back with mo to Fredericksburg.' My locomotion bad not been observed, and, with a pitiful limp, I remarked. that it was hard for a lame man to bo compell ed to walk that distance, and that if 1 at tempted it I must necessarily defer my journey till another day. 1 made a pa in, lul elirtato walk, and ro far moved tho compassion of tho officer that ho offered to tako the pass to the Commanding General and leave mo in thargo of tho soldier. When he was gone, after a litllo pleasant conversation, the day being warm, I pro posed to my guard that wo go into tho shndo of the wood. Tying his homo to a small troo, ho threw himself down on tho grass. Halfan hour waa spout iu pleas ant chat, and tho oiliccr did not mako his appearance Cgh! sold the guard stretching, 'how sleepy I am. I didn't sloop a wink last night.'. This fact, with the inviting greensward and shade, disposed him to snatch a nap; and soon ho was oblivious to everything around him. It wus no plcastiro to mo to subject him to punishment or oven cen suro on my account; but the law of self protection neccsssrily overruled my regard for the unwatchful guard, and, carefully appropriating his revolver, I unloosed and mounted his borso. Biding leisurely along tho path a short time, I turned sud denly into tho woods; but tho cround was rough, and tho bushes allmost imfenetra ble, making progress distressingly slow. "As tho buu was sinking behind tho tree's, having traveled half a dozen miles, I emerged into a clearing, where a white haired .old man, who evidently had reach ed his thrccbcuro years and ten, was mak ing shingles. With a respectful salutation, I inquired: Will you tell mo the shortest road to the Potomac?' Tho Southern patriarch looked at me with surprise. I said again: 'Tho river tho Potomac river which way is it?' I never heard of it in my life How long have you lived here?' Always; was born hero.' And you don't know where tho Poto mac liver i?' I never heard about fcuch a river.' Ho wns equally ignorant of the exist ence of Aqua Creek, or any of the streams or places along the river. 'Did you know that the South had sc eoeded?' I inquired. Well, well! fH heard suthing was go ing on, but hain't taken much interest in politics no how since Jackson's time. Spo?o" they nro all tho time getting np euthing new.' , Th.it flight ho slept under a hart-lack. J ust betöre the dawn of the next day, 1 1 was startled from my slumber, and, listen ing, foou learned that rebel cavalry wcro in tcarth of me, and had surrounded the houso. A dozen horsemen could bo seen through tho lattice-work of hay, moving about in tho darkness. Prom the dwell ing they went to the out-houses, and fi nally came to tho haystack. I prepared for the worst. With my head thinly cor crcd, I could watch tny foes, unseen by them; whilo my revolver lay before me. If discovered, 1 resolved to hont tho sue- c6.iful man, and run for dear lifo toward tho woods. Several times- the csvalry rude round tho stack; then ono of tho number demounting, began a sword ex amination of uiy lodging. I could hear the Ihiusd of tho blade into' tho hay, until it gruacd my coat; and I grasped my MX shooter to spring; but b pulsed on say ing: ' : Ho ain't in thero boys.' llcmoutiting, with hU comrades, he rode oar. At two o'clock in the afternoon emcr-jing from a clump of bushes .. 11 .. 1 1 1 in lull view ui a mau hauling timber, I . .i 1 0 .1 ' ' eouiu no. 1v1rc.11, uuu, i ua iilt uiqcuai , . ' . , r, T . lift i.nm.a An vliA IIVIII til llA AtllAP I lAlll III tf hanging on ono arm to tho other, I put my hand on my pocket, and stood in a think ing posture. I saw that I had an Irish man to denl with, and not a remarkable bright specimen of his race. With tho air of one interested, I asked: 'What is this timber for?' 'It's fur tho lathery down here, in course. . This answer settled the question of the proximity of the Potomac, und also appris ed mo that fortifications and plenty of rebels wero not far off. I walked along u stick of timber, iLcasurirg it by paces, and then said: Tell thcso men they arc getting this timber four feet to short, will you?' 'Yes, sur, I will sur. It's only haulin I ooi. n cself.' 'Well I replied, leaving him, 'tell them TERMS OF ADVERTISING. j r .'" ' ;( t 1 ..it. - - ... TKAN'glK.NT. Ott squirt, (IS !lnt,) cm la-trWo. ......... SI Dnt qtur, two irn-rtlom. 1 ! t)n souare, thrss Insertions 1 AU tubavquobt iDtsrtinni, ytr iqr .......... il YKARLY. Ono column, chan;rll qotrtcr) $71 es Thr-ooartr tt column 10 CD On-hlf of olarun.... SI Oo-qusrtr of a culuinn Oat-tighta cf a aoluma 13 t' TrsndeDt drrtmDt btall la all casts 1 paid for I d advance. Unless psrtleuUr lime It f.rrlßfd wbta lin4 sd Id, JvertlttDnt will ks fuVllsil taalil derJoat and chtrasd sccorJiojIj. to cut it four feet longer, will you?'- TU them I say M.' -. . ' V; I will, sur.' - - .... . That nlht Maker came to a small rreek running into the Potomac,' and within a hundred yards of a rebel battery, encoun tered two German rcbid oldier fishing in tho fctrcaru, He told them that bo Jived up the creek, and hd ctme down toco how things wero getting on They gave him food, and allowed him to share tbct'rfmt for tho right, ltut PuWr had eaufctt fright of their boat, and determining tbst hero was his- best chance of cscope to (he American lines north of tho Potomac,' ho clTercd to buy it of ibcio. fhis awaken cd their suspicions, and accordingly in ar ranging their bed ihey placed our hiro bet tuen them, and t;ik c crjr prcsautioo to prevent his escsje. I carefully crawled from beneath them, till half of my body va out of the lent. Tho suspicious man, with nound of ui rcet, turned over. I remained perfectly still till ho made another turn and stretch, ed out his arm to no if all u right iu tho miJdle, I drew back to my old place and ho laid his hand upon mo several times beforo he seemed sulisScd that 1 was there. Severs! attempts to leave the tent ended iu a similar failure. JayJight le gan to steal into tho tent, uud the night, of suspctifo mutt cud in soiuo decisive effort to ccuro the boat and cros the Potomac. Tbe aoldicr tubmen were slcrping quit 4 as loundly as at any time before, andjn another moment I stood before the door watching tho cfloot of my movement. There was a littlo stir, and I Hood mechan ically poking the embers 'of our evening Uro, ae if looking out to aeo the i breaking day; but with my pistol in one hand ready for aervicö. . ltcturning it to my pocket, muizladbwn, 1 hastened to the bank.' To iiiygrcat dissppointment, there weis ' no oars in the boat Pnon makinjt.a search among the willows, I found a short one, fartially decayed. Noiselessly a, possible launched the frail bark, icaripc each sound on the sand or in the water would bring my Dutch friends down the' bank. In a few moments, which suspenso made impressing long, I floated iulo the tresru at this point not over thirty fct in width. Taking tho middle of tho current, I pullerj fctTmv coat, and began to row for life.' The tido favored inc. and I was congratulating rajsclfupon the prospect of an unmolested voj""0! when a hout drew my attention to tho vigilant Dutchmun, whoso gestica lations could not be understood, lie call ed loudly to his bedfellow, M,Mejer! Myeil the poat ish gone! tho poat ish gone!' He seized his musket and made for th bank, not more thau a dozen feet from me, shouting: ' 'Como pack here! Come nack mit dal boall" , . - ' : My only, answer was a wore, vipoioua. uso of, tho oar. Placing my , right haad upon the pistol, aud watching the soldier, I propelled the boat with my left.'-'1 Come pack ! he continued, following me along the bank. He then paused, lev eled his musket, and was about to fire, t did not want to kill 'mine host,' but ib law of sclf-defcuFc again demanded a sac rifice. With a quick and suddeu a4m I I fired with a cry of distress he stsgard and fell hfclc39 besido his musket. His com rad was running down the hill, when, teeing what had happened, ho turned back to the tent.' He Boon returned with a. double barreled shot gun, and stole along cautiously, through ths boshes, until with in forty yards of tho boat, and tLen fired. The' shot fell around me in the water. ,Catchinga glimpse of my enemy in the thicket, I discharged my revolver. He ran away, evidently unhurt.' The reports had given tic alarm, and several soldiers toon came in sight. An instant later and a bullet whistled over my shooldvr. I had reached the decisive moments of my last efforts to lcavo 'Dixie.' Again pettier sight of the Dutchman in tho bushes, ! once more took deliberate aim and fired. He threw up one arm, gave a yall, and feil to the grouud. In a moment he rose again, and, groaning, staggered away. Then two or three shots saluted me uneere moiiiouily, ttriking and splintering-the sido of tho boat. I was now at the mouth of the creek, and rapidly left the shore bei hid me. A squad of soldiers, by this time, stood on the brow and at the base of the hill, firing their muskets. Tho hg of bullets in the water, remiuded me.thst my tronsit to loyal soil was not vet. cer tain Doth hands were laid to the oar, and, ttriking tho broad current of-tbe Potomac, which was here four, miles wide, I rapidly rcceeded from musket range. A high wind swept the waters, and whili rounding a blutf a nulJcn gust carried away uiy hat, and lifird my coat, lying i the bow of tho boat, diopping it into -the liver, Dut it wu uo.time to lock, back ward to those articles cf apparel floating between mo and toy fees, whose bullst Still vamo unpleasantly near. Tkcirhoi continued until they fell far iti tho wako I of luv boat. The mu bad lrii above lLo j horizon, warm and bright, while, for two hours and a hslf, I worked with 8 tingle oar, ana, aiuou iv the Intime hue, an- and, aidod ly the Unding , I proacbed the Maryland rlmre. With an a j inexpressible sense of .cliff, 1 heard tie I I t'"Ill!!l.A..tJ1 il.. I f .... vutit a vwn vuv.il wiu raiiu, n vvs, M . . , v , .,..1, Ätl Chapel Point, ten tm'CM below the cieck on , i i i t i . t .1. which 1 embarked, and sn exhausted th at with dilHcult? reached tie bank. On ita green carpet, and tinder the cooling shade of its trees, I. hid down to rct, leaving the boat to wlich I owed my deliverance to the winds nnd waves of the Potomae, An Kditor, hailing from' the Pidg State, makes his appeal lor ympatby;. 'We cannot help thinking bow mrl easier an editor's life might, bo yiade C' his cenctous patrons ccylJ culy bear kia 'better half temping lie lottviu th Hour barrel! A us u that can will edi torials with such ujutio kouudip in bis cars, can easily walk the tslegrsjU V.'rca and turu somersaults iu the r&Vcbes (? w tru bush." Tho Alabumians ate Cutiug gvoiti coro.