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ä TCBLIbQID 1VIRT F&IDAT BT t . U. DING HAU, Proprittsr. - C2ca In tat atloaal Sank Eulldlax, , , (third iory.) , TEHMS OF SL5Cr.lPT10Ni 2,50 PES rEAli,i ataci. , 3 ,00 " M IF HOT FAID IV AOf AWCB. Nopoatag o papers delivered within this County. ... , ' . . . J To the) VottF of th Fourth Congroe icr,:l District. . Ia efisring myself as a candidal for the honor od responalbiliti of a repre sentative of the Fourth Congressional District, it max, no b amiss to repeat, in lubsttnce, what I ia! ia toaoaoeing my elf two jsars ago. 1 am, of cours,"a can didate for nomination by the Republicans of the District, and I hope that nomination will be made bj a popular rote, on' tbe first Moodsy ia April. I regard tbia as the fairest practical mode of getting at th wishes of the people, end attended with the least trouble and expense. It bringt 'professional politician and wire-pullers on to nearljr the same level with honest od decent people, and thus rebukeVttiat ysteniatio knavery and fraud which 'have become the bane of oor party polUics' I doubl whether any tnai who doea not fear the people, will be found opposing it when a candidate for office. Like any other pood thing, it may be sbuved.snd it should therefore be carefully guarded. Its pur pose should be to secure a fair expression f the wishes of the Republicans of tbe District, and any attempt to pervert it to tbe ends of faction, by allowing our politi cal foes to share in it, should be unflinch ingly resisted. If, however, a'nomiaation by popular vote should be deemed inexpe dient by the Republicans of a majority of the counties of tbe District, then I trust thst delegates to a Coogresrional Conven tion may be chosen by the people of those counties, attownship meetings, which shall assemble at a fixed day and hou", upon ample previous notice. .This will allow all lletublicans to participate who may feet sufficient futereat in the issue to do so, and will be a tolerable substitute for the popu lar plan. Forms nttd methods are oi little tuottent if the real vcico of tho people csu be beard. Of my politioal character and aota I need ouly say, that they are not unknown to the popl I have so long had the hon or to repre.ent, or to those of tbe District in which 1 stu now pla;cd. I have" avowed my opinions upon all the great 'questions oi the country, whether of war or psce, during the p lat twenty years, and 1 stund upon my record, and ouly ask to be judged by it. I would not change it if I could, and there is nothing iu it 1 would conceal from friend or foe. The people know where to find me, and how far my course stand vindicated in the light of prevent event-; and alt I ask, ia the eomiog dn v"um, ii that it may be conducted fairly aod decidtd upon iti merits. .-.My duties bete will allow me to take no part in it per Hull a It j. I mu.t leave tt in the hand-of luy fnenJ; sud if I have- been an un faithful pubic servant, fslso to any pledge 1 ever made, or if, in my private life or t-uuduct, eitherat home or in Washington, I Lave repieenttd ihn vices rather than the virtue of my Constituents', or have vcr fulled to stand erect aiuid the tempta tions which make public life a perpetual iiioiat danger, tbeu I bespeak the condem nation of the j eopk.' As regard the pica now being urged by my opponents, that 1 have held my irust long enough, and should yield my claim to other, I can only say what 1 eaid two years ago. that no man hat any 7 upon a public office. It is the free itittof the people, whose right and duty it i toletjw it for their own good. No greater mistake can be made thau to re gird place of public trust as the reward of individuals lor service, however emi nent, civil ur military. The sole rinestion is as to whose knowledge, ability, expert J ence. and known fidelity f the people, will best ensure their welfare. In the matter of legislation, the old slave-holders, olway wirer' than we, never regarded the o,uestioa of rotation in office as in order. .'I his wit the great secret of their ' domination over os. and we are at last beginning to profit by the lesson. Statet inanahip is not among the gifts to which men are born, "independent of atudy and experience." The ability of a new mem ber to totve bis constituents, however talented and worthy he may be, must of necessity suffer a serious discount for onift years, through bis lack of acquaint ance with members and with the rules of businesa, and oftbat familiarity witb public qatstiooa which can only be learned by continuoua service, aod the habit of atudy ing political issues which it secures." ; I take leave to suggest further, 'that the problem of the late war are not yet solved. The battle of legislation has not yet made good the battle of arms. President Lin coln used to aay that men should not swap horses while crossing a river, and tbe good sense of tbe nation heeded the admonition. If in further dealing with the great ques tion of the crUi., the people of the Fourth District should prefer a new man, with opinions less pronounced and unequivocal, with lees training iu the duties of a repre sentative of the people, and whose fidelity as such has been less perfectly proved on actual trial, theo I shall cheerfully stand aside, aod do all in my , pow-et , for the nominee. -. ' , ' ' In conclusion I beg leave- to refer to another objection, and probabjy the chief one, which, my opponents are urging to my nomination, namely that 1 am - not "available." s.od that the harmony of our party in the District demands .the ac lec tion of another. To this I reply, that for quite-a. aeries 'of years I have wrestled successful! with all the leading publio men of Kastern Indiana, either singly or ia -ruiuuiuai.ou, ana. ia cacn successive oonfliet have intrenched myself more than ever in the heart of the people. 1' have been constantly growing mora "available," while the opposition to. me has' bcla man ifestly losing its power; and at the close of the canvas two years ago, I beVieve my opponents generally fslt that their chief, ir not their only. hope of. getting me out of Congress, was in rach a reconstruction of the old Fifth District as would deprive we of . my moat reliable strength. Tbia has been doge. .Three countici which Sil VOL. 7, NO. 8. gave me aome four thousand five hundred majority have been joined to a new die- trlot. and four have bceo added of auite a that a Dew man should be eho-ea in o ier aA Maat a1 tVaa aiwtrvww fakAU m rm atnafifl APA by the contests of tbe past. I enwer, th.M much bai been done already in the direo I tin. f k.rniAR Ym all2n I..M1 11 1 1 which have never been parties to these ; impossibilities. In fact, InjpoM.ibU" is . them sll be educated, iotnts eni jet tne the answers trat are given in the ext eontests. to isv nothinir of the healifg, not one of the common word in Amcri-1 choola be free. Kvery child ia a etttien, books? Are the explanation and illostrs- influence of lime, and the political spoi tac? or death of uy chief opponents. If it I. a. id that iba UTviiMi.- n m.inrif in it be said that the Republican majority in .. j' I- II I .1 .1.- toe new ouirici ia now smau, aim inai inv men who have heretofore fought against my nomination and afterwards scratch ed" me at the polls will now be able to defeat me if nominated, I reply, first, that a Jarge portion of " ocn who "scratched' are now added to' another district, end second, that a nomination made at the virtual diction of factiooista and disorgatiisera would inevitably tend to weaken and demoralite the Republican party. Tbo strength of cur csue lies in the truth of our principles, and the fideli ty witb which we maintain them, and it cannot be really served by immolating tho men who have been inflexibly true5 to it through all ita fortunes, or by lowering it flag to accommodate those who will only fight under it wheu.it may happcu to auit their covenience. Very respectfully. GEO. W. J UMAX. Washington, D; C. 1'eb. 5, 18ÜS. ADDRESS OF PROF. D. ECKLEY HUNTER, Dtlhtrrd brfvrt the trmdlin County J lenchtrt hutitute, at Ot rennt $r$im. j m t . ..I I I I 1 . 1 . . I ISoperioa or tne woru s mstory, pcr- hap, has ever been marked a distinctly j with tho spirit of progression as tho pres-1 ent. When the tliustriou wavy crockctt said, 'Ue sure you are right, and then go ahead," be uttered a principle in the phi losophy of the present generation, and furviahed a caption for the present dis course. Though the language is not as elegant, nor the expmMon us refined as that which should charucterite a quota tion in a publio addres, yet the injunc tion there given heard, and the lattct clause, at least, heeded by the utilitarian age in which we live. Tho world ia alive to its interests. The commaud to "go ahead," ie heard in stentorian tone from the "quarter-deck" and tbs forccustle,'' and he who heed it not will soon find that tho great boat of publio progress, loaded, a she is, to the guard, is fust leailug him on tbe thorea of lime, and hesdiog away for th; great port of Human ..a." a . . . lk S S.. Perfections. Her track thiougn the wa lers is plainly visible; ber wava are hourdountry. Ten millions of people in rebel- along tbe shore, and even the unpracticriK3ion ogaint the wry government to which, t I . I "-4. 1 jtt.t ft ät.a..l I I eye may see that tier velocity is Dcintiüer iiud, they owed ail that nicy naa accelerated wiih every stroke of the pistou aod every revolution of the wheel. Yes, the age i a moving one. The watehworda are, '"Vk wW more be yond; "ExetUfor1 ! i'ßrr. 'i'ho tua rcb is onward, and it is not less rapid than the flight of time. Communitie.", tates, nations snd individusls are all engsged iu the forward movement, and that com munity, state, nation or individual that hear not the order, that heed not', the injunction, is soon left in the lurch, and it former position, if ever again reached, is not attained without lub.tr the moht earnest and perseverance tho most unwa vering. The wealth of a country generally in crease with its population. If it increas es io wealth, the natural increase of pip-. utiitinn will rAinaitt ami inlriiti()ii Irl flow toward it. If. on the other hand, country -docs not increase iu wealth, it will receive but few accessions from abroad, and its native population, through emigration, will not be nble to maintain tue uual increase. Such a country will therefore be left behind, even, when it may bo increasing, simply because it is not keeping pace with its neighbors. This may be illustrated in the history of two of the great Slates of the American Uniontal Virginia and Illinois, 1810. '20. 1r(tnt stood t 3 Illinois " 23 24 33. '40. '50. 3 4 4 GO 2 14 It 4 creasing all the Virginia baa been time at the rate of eleven per cent, in caoli decado, but Illinois has increased at the rate of one hundred and tighty three per cent. Other comparisons miht be made. North Carolina, with a larger, area, in 1810 waa fourth and Indiana twnly firtt. la 1ÖCU North Carolina waa twrliA and Indiana tixlh. North Carolina incressed at 11 Per cent, and Indiana at 202 per cent. Tennessee in 1790 wa seventeenth, and by increasing at tbe rate of 07 per cent; in each decade, stood fifth in 1840. liut here she faltered dropped her in crease first to 20 per cent, and then to 10, and now ehe stands the tenth State in the Union. So much far State and the man ner in which they "go ahead." I know a merchant that has been in business nearly forty years, and his stock is substantially tbe same now that it waa when he began. It consists of skillets, ofens and other cooking utensils for the fire-place, gun-flints, seal skia caps, ie. Thirty years ago it wss considered a well stocked and was a well patronized store, but it is now looked upon as a curiosity shop, for it supplies but few of the de mands of the present age. It has lost its place, lost its position, lost its power, lost its influence, by simply holding ita own failing to keep up with the times. ThhrWhe demasroirue will rulo tho land. '"In - - - -' 1 man, in bia beetnnincr. may have beenXtellisrence ia the safeguard of tha llenub- "ture he ca right," but he failed to "oNlio." Let the next generation, then, be ahead," and consequently, thongh be may?an enlightened one, and they will not fol once have been right, he did not remain (low the fanatio in his fanaticism, nor the right. When Rip Van Winkle fell asleepHieretio in his heresies. They will stand among tbe Catskill Mountains, the strong-iV like men. They will think for them, est expression of loyalty waa for a manfT5lves. They will act for themselvea. to say, ."I am a subject of King George J They will not be like tho unlettered rus God bless him." Cut when liip awoke tie, that "knew not how he was going to from his twenty years nap, snd return edl vote, because the man that told the people to his native village, he found that that! how to vote had not come around yet;" ery expression endangered his life and' but they will judge for themselves; they caused him to be called t trnitr, I will vote for men, honest and-qualified. W?V TW" "THE UNION, THE CONSTITUTION, AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAWS BROOK VI LLE, IND., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 18C8. I Dul while it is important that we iliouldNlhey will watch traitors and atop them in 1 not lore the spirit of proareM. we shoulotheir wild career before they can .have remember that it ia also important thst a I ha it! van to our j etforta. As a people, Americans are hot M ffl 1 1 V A A I Ii fi I It fl in i hi thst wa are ever leady Mo tell snd to hesr and to try some new thing." We are exceedingly f.l II In II Vfl.innt believe niHch in con vocabularies. A loreigner iraveung ; among u ): "If a bombshell, laru euuuuh to hold thirteen lcrons. could b :e thrown at the ordinary cannon - bail I rate"tudy that which ther wero expected to! my opinion your work is not well done, from St. Loui to New York, it could be practice when they beoome men." ; The (Pupils understand more readily (he words e , filled with piMengers daily, even though ! they knew li at the end of the lino it would burst and kill twelve of its inmates;! r. .... n nni.i ttiinlr iHat ha wmili) U (UiU.AnA T,r ; no ireneral w.tit llinn iminm A lliiric j - . Americans Ol a UIP0 - .iilnn fn , aha.!.' The disnoMtion ofTeach the children, then, to be good.citi- the preaent age has been to follow tooe"s-bnnest, intelligent. Tech them to much lattpr rLiu nf the creat bcarlove their country next to their God, and hnnitr'a li.iuaMion. PionU have been tvo rratfjf to 'go ahead' luey have neglected that important precaution, "Ite sura you are right." and the coni-equence has been, that wo have teen the evil results of their labors, siting injuriomly upon themselves and tho communities in which they have lived. Such hux been the spirit that hns of erated in our country for years. Such wss tbe spirit that brought us into our late unhappy deplorabh condition. Party spirit and the spoils of offico have been the bane of our country. Men have sacrificed their patriotism, their country's intcrcM, her honor, and almost her very existence, on the altar of political parties. '1 he defeut of a party in power and the urc M of another, has for years been tho tiunal for the political decu pitation of 3U.tM?Q cotcrnmcnt oflicisl. Dribery a and corruption ate charged upon all pur lies, and I stu of opinion that to prove any t-f ihriu innocent would be a tak not 1cm difficult than that of striking the bright neon-day sun from its j ontitro in the hcaxens and plunging the world into eternal darkness. Many a dollar has purthiiced many a vote, and men who claim to be ' temperance men frequently owe their election to votes bought by whitky. Such a state of Quirn is tho le gi imiito result of "going ahead" without regard to right. And such, too, bus been our condition. IHinJ Justice bus been drugged with narcotics, and while she lay entranced iu the temple, the rust of idle ness gathering oti her scales, wrong ruled the rabble, the rabbled ruled the rulers, the country languirdied, freeaoiu wept, and suffering humanity wa writhing un der the most excruciating torture. 'Look at the "recent condition and were, two millions ot men away from their homes and families on the tented field, and as many more driven into exile, or left penniless in a desolated country. Two hundred ba.tle fields stainru with An. erica ti Lloo'd, a million of lives detttrn)ed, thousands of women nnde widows, and tens of thousands of children rendered fatherless. Hut this is enough. We will not speak of the thousand other ills to which human flesh becomes heir in a civil war. Ah, party spirit, party leaders, men that loved their party better than they loved their country, had sown the seed, and the country was then reaping the fruit. Khali such men again take us by tho noso und lead us into all tbeir here aies? With the poet we ssy, M giva at men; a 11 me nas ion acmanui as a t -a t J s . Mrouj luiuiit, great hearts, tru faith and lanily hanti; Man whom the lut of ede dots not kill; Men buiii th poilt of oflice csonut iujj Man bo t'O.iri o knlon and a will; Mn mho huv bunur; turn .hu will cot He; Mko bseaa itaod betöre tha daiuagoia And a u kia trchrou iltleri wilbout wink lug; Tall wan, un brown.J, who liv abovs tbe tog, Iu jiublio duty and in f ilvate thinking." Yea. we want nrn 11 en tri nur nntinn. councils men who will enact laws for the good of the country, and not spend their time in manufacturing political cup- i 1 tj I, or trying to upset the hobbies of an opponent. c want men in our Pulpits, men who can preach against sin wherever it may be found, who can preach Jesus Christ and him crucified, and not exhaust their energies in fruitless fancies, designed only to tickle the imagination. We want men in public life everywhere honest men men who know their duty, and mm who dare to do it. We want men in pri vato lifo men who are honen men who are Christians men who lovo their coun try snd its institution men of thought men of action men who can stand in the face of an enemy, and plead ourcoun try'a cause we tcho "Jtnow they are right" and dare to Kgo ahead.' Uut the men of tbe present generation are "going ahead'' in another sense. They are passing away, aod another gen eration is to take their places. Another class of statesmen will fill our legislative halls, another raco of ministers will pro claim the Gospel of Christ, another set of judges will hold our judicial tribunals. Another order of people will have risen up all over our country, and upon them will devolve the duty of perpetuating the Government, of -pleading the caue of Christianity, of administering justice, of instructing the youth, of acting the citi tan. That feneration is cow in embryo. and if permitted to grow up in ignorance, a 0 a n Nirue lop uogo tne country law nmntr fratr c da war. UuttomiltO "iDt latti llgence of the people the safe guard of the rerublio. the education or tne cnnaren muat become a subject ef paramount ho. portanre. ' Let them be educated, then; yes, let "u tirr; umtu "'' v the commonwealth. It wsa a mrtin of an sncient philoHopher, that "boys should philosophy is as Rood to-dsy as it wss in 0 recce 2 200 yean ago. to a monarchy, the prince is carefully educated tbshe niav tccome a ruler. In our country I erv boy is a t.rlnce, every child iVVfc..elrJ " tri.- 1 inn lurooc. in en neu ia iui tuicr. fro defend the flair from all of i'a encmiea. to defend the flag from all of i'a encmiea' Vea teoch them that the American Flag, the thirteen stripes of '70, nud the ethereal , blue, with in crowning palaxy or ji l vor stars, ia an instrument too sacreu to bo gmcd upon, except with an eye turned heavenward. ! Yes, I ssy teach. . Children must le eduenfrd. They will be educated. They are all being educated daily, if not at evhool or at home, it ia in the atreet. I speak plainly, but I speak truly. Tbe children of the present dsy are getting too tnuoh street education. And here let inessy'a word about Homo Education. Child rso do not get enough of it. I'arenta turn them over to the publio and private aihools for all thuir literary and scientific educa tion, and their moral instruction is entire ly niven up to the Sabbath b'chool and the atreet. What can the äublath (School do in one hour a week with a child that runs in the street from four to fourteen hours a day? Is it any wonder that our Sunday Schools accompliih so little? The great wonder to mo is, that they accomplish comparatively so much. l'arcutx, do yon .ever . Lear that the children of tie present are worse than those of former generation? I boar it, a iid I believe it. 'ow whose fault is this? I human nature any more depraved to day tbun at eny former periou? ltelig ioiiuta claim that the natural depravity of the human heart has been total since the fall." Total Depravity ia engrafted into the creed of nearly every religious denom ination. If, then, the children of to-day arc woise than thoso of a former genera tion, it is becaute they ere under less re straint. Ihev do not receive that atteu Man is ol a three fold nature l'hysical. Mental and Moral. Hi wants, then, aro three-fold, and parents who fail to supply thesft do not fultill their whole duty to their children. Tho l'hysical wants are generally supplied, but the A'entul and Moral are ouiy partially attended to. Do you claim thut you send your children to school and church, putchase for them books and give them bibles, and if tbey do not improve- their opportunities it is net their tauU? Let us see. If the farmer plants ecru, and then leaves it to itself, without careful cultivation, and it fail to bring forth a plentiful crop, tell me, i it his fault? You say you employ a teacher for the school and a minister for the church, but the successful farmer docs more. He not only employs his plowman, but he advises with hitu, and assets him ia the work. He may not work at the same time, noi in the same way, yet be labors to the aame end, and always knows bow tbe work is progressing. Do you co-operate with your teacher? , Are yo.u interesting yourself io the work that your child is doing? I fear that half the time you do not know what studies he is pursuing, and you hear of his progress ouly as be caha upon you for the mean to purchase a new book. Do you try to teach your child, practically, through the week, what it is taught theo retically at Church and Sabbath school? Ur is it with you a with too many you send the child to Sabbath School aud the child send you to Church, and the sub ject of duty to God is seldom if over men tioned. Uut you bring in another plea. Have too many other duties to perform; have no time to give to the education of tbe child ren. What, let me ask, has God made you for? What has He placed you on earth for? What has He instituted the family far? Why you- Lold-lb .poai. tiou you do, as one of the heads of the fauiilj? If you are to provide for the physical wants only of the child, why was you not a mere machine, rather than the living, moving, acting, thinking, reasoning human being that you are? If, then, God has given you a position of influence, He expects you to use iL If lie has given you children, He expects yo to train them to train them for the Community, to train them for the State, to train them for the Church, to train them for Heaven. And you are acconntible to the Cemmunity, you are accountable to the Church, and you are accountable to God for the work that is done or left un done, lor the influence which you exert, aod that which you fail to bring into ac tion. Vlie eure," then, that ,lyou are right," before you "go ahead." Make . home pleasant, make it what it should be, and the children will love it; they will thereby get more of that home education which they so much need, and which none but a mother at home can give. Teachers, companions in toil, a few word ' to you. Our labors have been arduous; our 'very best efforts, we have sometimes thought, were not properly ap preciated. Often, when endeavoriog to please, or striving to keep ia the path of duty, we have received such ovcr-the-left compliments from parents as only teachers know how to appreciate. But let us hope that these days are paat. If we have dote onr duty, conscience will approve. Time will tell the rest. To you ray advio would , be, Teeh th .truth, teach it thoroughly. ; - ue sure you .are right, ana then go ahead." Lt roe ask, are' 'you sure the rourae that you are pursalog i right? Are you fully alive to, the importance of the work in which jou are enjraired? Is it sufficient - for you to ask the. questions and receive Kitb nur auuinienuy lurm for the comprehension of the pupil? If fyou co n farther thsn vour text-book, in oi ma leacner man inose oi ,tneir manual. An illustration with an olject if jou please, an oljeet fcaion is worth more thsn a learned diatertatioo on aome difficult question. Do you say that ''your ichool- i I. .. r !t.-.I s.i. .l . ivviu ia uui luninusu wnu iri i necessary apparatus, and theref therefore auch illustrations ' are inipors iblt? He a man of expedients; , and why should not the teacher resort to j expedients as well as any one elfc? The expedients aa well aa any one elec? Isrmera of tbia country, forty and fifty years ago, were men of expedients. They harrowed their wheat with the limb orlop of a tree. The only curry-comb used was a cob or a splinter, while the horse broth waa aupptied by a wisp of bay. The Tuckejhoes baked ibeir bread upon the-r-ame instrument with which they cultiva ted their corn. The saw, the hammer and the ax were the only tool used by the house carpenter, and many a house has been erected with no tool Cut the ax. ..Thif men of those timea were men of expcdafnjs, and a lesson from ihem may be of service to us as teachers, in this the afternoon of tho nineteenth century.. A tescher should be a man of expedients. The neccsnity,for it exists in o Iruost every school room., Some may think a tcuchor should not stoop to expedients; but if ho o not, 'nisny difficult problems, many puzzling ques tions will pas by unanswered and unex plained. 1'uii her more, the teacher that will not stoop to the uo of expedients, will not successfully use the proper ap pliances when thy are fumirhed. The Ulack-board I consider a "tiite qua uon" in the school-rot m. There 7s absolute necessity for ii; aud if the. school is to be properly taught, there is no doing without it. The Hack board is to tbe teacher what the ax was to our primitive carpenters. It is to bo used on sin ost all occasions. Charts and Outline Maps are useful appendages to the school room, and I should bo 1 lad to see more (f iheru in use; yet much that is done with them msy be done without them, it the teacher learns to use his black board. Tho place of the Globo may be supplied by an apple; Geometrical forms may be whittled out of a bhiugle; tho Tower of Attraction may by illustrated by two pieces of lead; Linear, Squaie aod Cubit Measure may bo ren deied plain by practical example in measuring the derks, doors, windows, floor, school yaid, Ao ; Cubical forms and blocks for illustrating Cube Uoot may bo mode in two minutes from a turnip or t po'tatot; the pumpkin vine will furnish the tube for a Svphon; a common spool will serve for a Pulley; a string and h.lt a dozen spool will furnish a System of Pullers; and a piece of lean meat, which is the thing itself, is worth more than ten pages aud a dsen charts in explaining the con traction of a muscle. If the man of ex pedients could substitute a piece of white pspcr tor a clean shirt-bosom, or cover a bole in the heel of his stocking by still ing a burr on it, why should not teach cr be able to supply in a thousand ways tho various appendages of u well regulated school? Many persons think it strange that teachers read so little. The world is full of reading matter, yet but little of it ever gets into the hands of tho teachers of our Common bchools. There are several hun dreds of different works that hive been published for the especial bent fit of teach ere; many of ihem for the teachers in the rural districts; and )ethow very few have ever found tluir way into the hand of those for whom they wero intended? The Teacher's As-eistani, by Chutlc Northend, is a book that 00 young teacher ought to bo without, yet not one in a hundred pos sesses it. l'age' Theory and Practice of Teaching has been before the publio more than twenty years, llurnard's Journal of Education twenty-five years, other works from twenty to thirty year", and yet per haps one third of the teachers do not know that there has ever been a book published on the subject of teaching. -A.lj ifaHchera have, or may have, some time for reading, and if thoy would occupy that time properly their work would be easier dono and better done than it is. In these books there are many special csxes treated, and such cafes as are likely to, and do come up in almost every school; and although tbe manner of treating them may not bo suited to all , teachers, yet something may be learned from a careful review ot them. In mny things tbe ex perience of most teachers is about the same; and if one koew what the experieuce of others bad been, ho might avoid the block upon which they stumbUd. This they well know, and yet it never occurs to them that the very knowledge which tbey need may be bad for a few paltry cents, and the troublo of reading. If a man was going to make the tour of Europe he would first purchase and read the ex perience of those who had preceded biro in traversing tbe countries be wished to visit; but do you, as teachers, think it not worth tho cost to spend either time or money in procuring the experience of others ia tbo business ia which you are engaged? There is an educational journal in near ly every State, edited and published by teachers, and for the exclusive benefit of teachers; and yet not a third of thoso en gaged in teaching take such a periodical. The Merchant reads hia Price Current, the Physician bis Medical Journal, the Machinist the Scientific American, the Lawyer his Law Keports, the Minister his Tbeolocical Quarterly, the Christian his Cburch paper, aud every loafer reads the WHOLE NO. 321. newspaper, but some tesrhtrs see no neces sity for resdinir a periodical peculiar le their profession. Such a reaeher 1 would advise to take tome educations! paper iust for the nsmo ot it. It looks like you belong to the profession when you take the professional paper. Try If for one year, and I feel confident that you will get more than the worth of your money. Do not forget, then, that you belong to a profession, and yeu are expected tc keep up with the improvements of the age, and this jou cannot do without resdin pro fessions! works, The world ia around you, and you have much to lesrn. ' Life is before you. and ynt have much to do. Whatever you learn, learn .it thoroughly. Whatever you do, do it well. , To each, then, let ute ray, ' Be sure to ore right, and then go ahead," for -tils arm is doub ly strong who bsttles for the right, '. - . 'I..- m . . .iVhat'U Requlrtd of the Firmer. This 1 a bijt'vut'jeot, and we can only btUfly deal with it now. What we aay, however, is prompted by an earnest desiie for the progresa of agriculture and the good of thoi-e rnpsgcd in it. That the larmer should know hi duty will not be deputed, and that to fully do it ia only being truo to his own interest is equally true. One of the most important duties is to keep himrclt poMcd iu all matters pertaining to hi calling. If his csrly education waa liberal, he entered upon tho active duties jf life with a mind well stored with theoretical propositions and well prepared to profit by expeiience. If not, he may do uiuih to retrieve his early loss by a diligent improvement of leisure hours, If, however, be is so circuniMso rl as to be too busy or too old to learn, a kwhitb ae don't believe ever happens.) ho should reo that his children have all tbe advantage of education to be had. Tho merchant who understands tho re sources of the country, the condition of foreign trade, and the state of the mar keis, popmcs great advantages over him who is ignorant of theso matters. It Is none the less true that the 'farmer .who understand hj business iu all the de partiueiils and relations is mora successful than bim who i ignorant. Panning is not only a profession, but of all the professions it embraces the wi dest rang of bcieiuiOo propositions and practical facts, and Uorda tie widest field for tho exercise of the phiiorophio and analytic mind. Instead of the brightest boy being fent to medical college for a field worthy of their talents, they should be tdui-ati-d in the rclence and instructed IpractiCüliy in ihe duties of agriculture. it is a prominent duty of tbe farmer to so purru hi calling a tu inspire a r ex pect lor it in the minds of bia hildren, and so train them that they shall be able to pursuo it lutccselully, which can only bo cficcttd by suiting himself of every advantage rerulting irom the discoveries of scieucu aud the accumulated experience of the past, Tbi will at once strip farm iiK of almost every disagreeable feature, and clothe it with attractions. posefed by no other buriness. Aa at present con ducted, there is a large amount of very disagreeable labor rtquired tobe perform ed iu farming, and it i mainly to thia fact thut we owe the detcrtiou of that business for others by country boys. Science and human skill uiuot relieve this, aud un doubtedly will, if the farmer will avail himself of their aids. North Western Farmer. The Presidential Handicap. A writer in the Ttilune thus enters Grant for the Presidential handicap: "U. S. Grant, b. h., aged; dam Victory, sired by West Point; tidden by K. Ii. Woshburne; colors, red, white aud blue, with a black hoop." A writer in a Western piper makes an oiheT1 entry, as follows: 'Andrew Johnson, b. g., by Blow Hard, be by White Trash, he by Doti-h; dam Slojr Whang, by 1'sUo Mitch, by old ILy e; ridden by Jerry liluck; colors, Confeder al cruy jacket with illusiou sleeves and a ciimyon cap." Tho latest and most remarkable entry is the following: George 11. Pendleton, mot. g., dam Democracy, hired by Defeat; ridden by J!t pudiation; colors, grecu(backs) and gray-(backs).'1 Planet Destroyed. The belief that this world is ultimately to be dcatroyed by fire is supported by the discovery that such a fate ha befallen larger planets than ours. French ai-tron-onicrs atisert that no fewer tluu filteeu hundred fixed stars have vanished from the firmauent within the last three hun dred years. Tycho Urahe gives an inter esting account of a brilliant star of the larger size, which on accouut of i's singu lar radiance, had become the subject of hie daily observation for several months, during which the star gradually became S'ftler until its final dissppestance. La 'lace says that oue of the vanished fixed stars of the Northern hemisphere afforded indubitable evidence of having been con sumed by fire. At firtt the star was of a dazzling hutre, and finally became paler and ash colored. The burning of the star lasted sixteen month, when this runny visitor, to which perhaps a whole series of planets may have owed allegiance, finally I departed and becamo invisible forever. j Absent Minded. Au exchange, ia speaking of absent mindedness, tells a remarkably tough story of a bachelor friend. It says: "He is in the habit, when he comes to bis tea. of Duttinz the kettle on tbo store, and i taking a snooze until the kettle begins to! sing, when be woulJ get up and make bis tea. The other evening, being a little ! nrnatrstn fn . ncconnt of old SimrAin's I .iirrlitov "rtiffinrM hi in nn ihn atrunt ha nut the kettle on the lounge and got upon lr. . ,i 7 j: ' - the Stove nimseii, ana neier oiwov-na the mistake until he brjan ht ning. a, r .tt OS eiar, ft Haas,) era Ur t! ( , ttbt?r.;j,,.., ........ m. .as itasrs, tar UtzttliU an saw TIARLT. Oaststum, ka;ril,i ' VO Taraa-aa.rt.rt r a . , ,. ,, -, ( M Oaa-aair f a Nliai,.,.,... I O Oss-tasrisr f a !n. ..,.. I O Oes sliktb f elaa . Trta(UatsyrtaMl AUlat3tCt paid fur is avsar, UnUia a artloalar Um fae -1 rtn t " 4 la, aHtarti.aaaaats will a t J o Urtt an debar: 4 anurias!. KUlorlcxt P.!tt:-3clFcL:;:j, tzT". Ma. UPiToa, Darirj ccricaC v-Ui giotu atttiojra tJ U tit FaliM: CC. I'kareh for more tlaa thre wwiicvV. proted of tuott geaertl lstn;;l t ttorolag meeting od the last :y cf t-3 year ISb'T. It had been anpocr.ctJ m e historical rotating, and the olitf fcttil-- were invited to refresh their fctatrirj if the past and talk f tbe k: 'cry cf tla Cburch in th White Water Vallat. bta more especially within tbe tou f tit old FaiiCeld fin tit. . TIU C l; U accordance with iustructieoe (itt) t btaea ia lha f'inuit Mrr.srA rt r--"- of history, which ia tLU py etc!4 U rrerv4 lor lu'ure rvfarene. -r ""A fiw more year and tbj C ':j ri c7 'thi Valley will Urs pVi ww. who .will givo us those stirring trci cT other.dajs, in afiicb wert-laid tkt fr;x lion of the privilege. 'and b!eria of which we ate now uade the partus? By the by, tbia suggests the prfr?risty of Pioneer Associations and Meeting, for it is true tbe fathers are p-siii-g away. Among the many interesting facte sad reminiscences linted at tbia meeting wert some notes iu uiahed by Squire Tho tua Thomas, who Milled near his pres at ret idence iu Harmony TuwnsUip, Uaiust County, in the jer IbUS. The first Cncuit ia tbe W. W. Valley wss established in the esru year by Tbo. Hahn, and extended from Lawreneeburg to Salisbury, th former Couaty-aaat af Wayne County. ' I., mil M.. n m w vvvihvi sajfsaai 1 0 ti h b j ay E reached at diflYreni points io tbe Valley; ut the nearest regular prcatbiof pUo a- at i Kr.t.L a a IIa fttn s'lvvaiiHVi - The fiist Methodist prtellcg tttweei Uruokvill and lirownfxille waa at th house vf Jonathan Osburn, in 1812. near1 th present rcsidencu of Abraham Iii lie r, opposite Fail field, by Robart V. Fi a ley father of Jsii.es It Fin'ey. It was here that in April, 1812, ä elssi wss formed, consisting of Jacob Uloyd, class leader; Hat-nab liiojd. hi wife; Wan. Harrell, and Elizabeth Härtel!, hi wife; Krautes, wile and daughter; Mrs. KitcW en, Jonathan Us born aud wife; Mary. r.iizauci ii i Mh, Susan and Itebccca Thomas; Elijah Slakes and wife; Grandmother Hsirtll, and Jane Dash. The Squire then gives many facts i a rrfeieuce to the change of elaase and foitn of Circuit ; who were the preachers, &c. Among other he speak of Joha Strang who not only preached wp and dowo tU W. W. Valley, but waa ready for military service also. In 1812, whiia the militia .'were in the fort at Couasrs ville, Mrattge came thie to preach a fa neral, and carried a gun on hie ehoulderv The next year he waa appointed Circuit pteifcher fioui Lawreuceburg. Theo fol lowed, io succeaaion. Sharp, SoeaerviU, Hunt, Fraley and Laurence, appointed from Lawreuttburg. But we must not dwell upon ths d' tails, lest we trespass upon our patience and space. In 1842 Fairfield Circuit proper waa organised, witb William Morv. row ita flist pastor. Since which tint, hat followed, iu tbe ordttr a oaau.ed. Hill, Sullivan, Uruoer, Kobiuioo,' Myers,' Hutledge, Uollins, Snyder, Smith, W. W. llibbeu, Ii. B. Hibben, WLiteman, T. C. Crawlörd, Burrow,rMcCaw, Winchester,, llairison, Jamca Ciawfwrd, iienjami, aad in 1867 Ü8G. V. le. Throughout this long series of yean th Gospel Standard baa bu born aloft' by these chosen leaders, aod tbt Chuseh ha e ujyed many season of refreshing aod gracious revivals; so that notwith standing much opposition end many seem ' ing reverses, ber star has ever beea ia tha ' ascendant, liut while these have stood aa faithful sentinels ou tbe walla of Ziea, I roclaiming the glad tiding of salvatio to man, thero has always bcti that tobl and more numerous band of laymen, who, together with their cousorts, have stood as witness for Christ, beariup tetimoay to His power ou earth to forgive ains, and . by their Christian walk and unwsverief support of Hi t-ttue, have merited th title of fathers aud mothers io Israel. Prominent among these at Fait field, ia tha .memory of the writer, are the aamea of Brown, terns, Hays, Logan, Moore, lias ters, Sims, Smith and Snyder. 13ut tiao is rapidly thinning their ranks by death , and removal, and the significant queries arise. Who shall fill their plaioa? ou who shoulders shall their mantles fall? "' Ou motion, tho abovo waa requested to be furnished the Ilrookvillo American and Liberty Utrald by the ltlXOKMSa STmvARl. . Bologna Sausagt. The Muscatine Auitrkul says: ...... 'The following is said to be tbe tuoat ap proved receipt for this delicious artiela of food: To make genuiue bologna sausage, take eel skin and stuff with ground cat teasou with So tch snuff and periaaita oil; lay it on a hog pen to dry, abd tV hsngit up by the tail in a grocery for tbrtu mouths; then it is ready for is." Some years ago a clergyman p readied to a large audience in a wild part of Illi nois, and announced for his text, "la aay father' hous-e arc many mansions. Da had scarcely read the words when 14 coon stood up and said: tell yoi Mat that's a lit! 1 know bia father well. Ha lives fil'iecu mile from Ole Kaotwek, ia uu old log cabin, and there aia'l but on room in the house." -' A yon us man io Ohio, who bad given hi sweetheart two thousand thr hadr4 dollars' worth of presents daring their courtship and after their engagement. an4 was then jilted by the girL, (she saarryroV another msn. broocht statt erainst ber. land r-At a vardiet for tha full Vail of th presents, and a trifle fur damages. Qirla l! a 1.1- ..... v .1 tM. - I - . n mai ioi om ou w jm. mtr takin hia preeuti