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Indiana American. [volume] (Brookville, Ind.) 1865-1872, February 21, 1868, Image 1

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,EH MO OF APVCP.TiqnQ.
ä TCBLIbQID 1VIRT F&IDAT BT t
. U. DING HAU, Proprittsr.
-
C2ca In tat atloaal Sank Eulldlax,
, , (third iory.) ,
TEHMS OF SL5Cr.lPT10Ni
2,50 PES rEAli,i ataci. ,
3 ,00 " M IF HOT FAID IV AOf AWCB.
Nopoatag o papers delivered within this
County. ...
, ' . . . J
To the) VottF of th Fourth Congroe
icr,:l District.
. Ia efisring myself as a candidal for
the honor od responalbiliti of a repre
sentative of the Fourth Congressional
District, it max, no b amiss to repeat, in
lubsttnce, what I ia! ia toaoaoeing my
elf two jsars ago. 1 am, of cours,"a can
didate for nomination by the Republicans
of the District, and I hope that nomination
will be made bj a popular rote, on' tbe
first Moodsy ia April. I regard tbia as
the fairest practical mode of getting at th
wishes of the people, end attended with
the least trouble and expense. It bringt
'professional politician and wire-pullers
on to nearljr the same level with honest
od decent people, and thus rebukeVttiat
ysteniatio knavery and fraud which 'have
become the bane of oor party polUics' I
doubl whether any tnai who doea not fear
the people, will be found opposing it when
a candidate for office. Like any other
pood thing, it may be sbuved.snd it should
therefore be carefully guarded. Its pur
pose should be to secure a fair expression
f the wishes of the Republicans of tbe
District, and any attempt to pervert it to
tbe ends of faction, by allowing our politi
cal foes to share in it, should be unflinch
ingly resisted. If, however, a'nomiaation
by popular vote should be deemed inexpe
dient by the Republicans of a majority of
the counties of tbe District, then I trust
thst delegates to a Coogresrional Conven
tion may be chosen by the people of those
counties, attownship meetings, which shall
assemble at a fixed day and hou", upon
ample previous notice. .This will allow all
lletublicans to participate who may feet
sufficient futereat in the issue to do so, and
will be a tolerable substitute for the popu
lar plan. Forms nttd methods are oi little
tuottent if the real vcico of tho people csu
be beard.
Of my politioal character and aota I
need ouly say, that they are not unknown
to the popl I have so long had the hon
or to repre.ent, or to those of tbe District in
which 1 stu now pla;cd. I have" avowed
my opinions upon all the great 'questions
oi the country, whether of war or psce,
during the p lat twenty years, and 1 stund
upon my record, and ouly ask to be judged
by it. I would not change it if I could,
and there is nothing iu it 1 would conceal
from friend or foe. The people know
where to find me, and how far my course
stand vindicated in the light of prevent
event-; and alt I ask, ia the eomiog dn
v"um, ii that it may be conducted fairly
aod decidtd upon iti merits. .-.My duties
bete will allow me to take no part in it per
Hull a It j. I mu.t leave tt in the hand-of
luy fnenJ; sud if I have- been an un
faithful pubic servant, fslso to any pledge
1 ever made, or if, in my private life or
t-uuduct, eitherat home or in Washington,
I Lave repieenttd ihn vices rather than
the virtue of my Constituents', or have
vcr fulled to stand erect aiuid the tempta
tions which make public life a perpetual
iiioiat danger, tbeu I bespeak the condem
nation of the j eopk.'
As regard the pica now being urged
by my opponents, that 1 have held my
irust long enough, and should yield my
claim to other, I can only say what 1
eaid two years ago. that no man hat any
7 upon a public office. It is the free
itittof the people, whose right and duty
it i toletjw it for their own good. No
greater mistake can be made thau to re
gird place of public trust as the reward
of individuals lor service, however emi
nent, civil ur military. The sole rinestion
is as to whose knowledge, ability, expert J
ence. and known fidelity f the people,
will best ensure their welfare. In the
matter of legislation, the old slave-holders,
olway wirer' than we, never regarded
the o,uestioa of rotation in office as in
order. .'I his wit the great secret of their '
domination over os. and we are at last
beginning to profit by the lesson. Statet
inanahip is not among the gifts to which
men are born, "independent of atudy and
experience." The ability of a new mem
ber to totve bis constituents, however
talented and worthy he may be, must
of necessity suffer a serious discount for
onift years, through bis lack of acquaint
ance with members and with the rules of
businesa, and oftbat familiarity witb public
qatstiooa which can only be learned by
continuoua service, aod the habit of atudy
ing political issues which it secures." ; I
take leave to suggest further, 'that the
problem of the late war are not yet solved.
The battle of legislation has not yet made
good the battle of arms. President Lin
coln used to aay that men should not swap
horses while crossing a river, and tbe good
sense of tbe nation heeded the admonition.
If in further dealing with the great ques
tion of the crUi., the people of the Fourth
District should prefer a new man, with
opinions less pronounced and unequivocal,
with lees training iu the duties of a repre
sentative of the people, and whose fidelity
as such has been less perfectly proved on
actual trial, theo I shall cheerfully stand
aside, aod do all in my , pow-et , for the
nominee. -. ' , '
' In conclusion I beg leave- to refer to
another objection, and probabjy the chief
one, which, my opponents are urging to
my nomination, namely that 1 am - not
"available." s.od that the harmony of our
party in the District demands .the ac lec
tion of another. To this I reply, that for
quite-a. aeries 'of years I have wrestled
successful! with all the leading publio
men of Kastern Indiana, either singly or
ia -ruiuuiuai.ou, ana. ia cacn successive
oonfliet have intrenched myself more than
ever in the heart of the people. 1' have
been constantly growing mora "available,"
while the opposition to. me has' bcla man
ifestly losing its power; and at the close
of the canvas two years ago, I beVieve my
opponents generally fslt that their chief,
ir not their only. hope of. getting me out
of Congress, was in rach a reconstruction
of the old Fifth District as would deprive
we of . my moat reliable strength. Tbia
has been doge. .Three countici which
Sil
VOL. 7, NO. 8.
gave me aome four thousand five hundred
majority have been joined to a new die-
trlot. and four have bceo added of auite a
that a Dew man should be eho-ea in o ier
aA Maat a1 tVaa aiwtrvww fakAU m rm atnafifl APA
by the contests of tbe past. I enwer, th.M
much bai been done already in the direo I
tin. f k.rniAR Ym all2n I..M1 11 1 1
which have never been parties to these ; impossibilities. In fact, InjpoM.ibU" is . them sll be educated, iotnts eni jet tne the answers trat are given in the ext
eontests. to isv nothinir of the healifg, not one of the common word in Amcri-1 choola be free. Kvery child ia a etttien, books? Are the explanation and illostrs-
influence of lime, and the political spoi
tac? or death of uy chief opponents. If
it I. a. id that iba UTviiMi.- n m.inrif in
it be said that the Republican majority in
.. j' I- II I .1 .1.-
toe new ouirici ia now smau, aim inai inv
men who have heretofore fought against
my nomination and afterwards scratch
ed" me at the polls will now be able to
defeat me if nominated, I reply, first,
that a Jarge portion of " ocn who
"scratched' are now added to' another
district, end second, that a nomination
made at the virtual diction of factiooista
and disorgatiisera would inevitably tend
to weaken and demoralite the Republican
party. Tbo strength of cur csue lies in
the truth of our principles, and the fideli
ty witb which we maintain them, and it
cannot be really served by immolating tho
men who have been inflexibly true5 to it
through all ita fortunes, or by lowering it
flag to accommodate those who will only
fight under it wheu.it may happcu to auit
their covenience.
Very respectfully.
GEO. W. J UMAX.
Washington, D; C. 1'eb. 5, 18ÜS.
ADDRESS OF PROF. D. ECKLEY
HUNTER,
Dtlhtrrd brfvrt the trmdlin County J
lenchtrt hutitute, at Ot rennt $r$im. j
m t . ..I I I I 1 . 1 . . I
ISoperioa or tne woru s mstory, pcr-
hap, has ever been marked a distinctly j
with tho spirit of progression as tho pres-1
ent. When the tliustriou wavy crockctt
said, 'Ue sure you are right, and then go
ahead," be uttered a principle in the phi
losophy of the present generation, and
furviahed a caption for the present dis
course. Though the language is not as
elegant, nor the expmMon us refined as
that which should charucterite a quota
tion in a publio addres, yet the injunc
tion there given heard, and the lattct
clause, at least, heeded by the utilitarian
age in which we live. Tho world ia alive
to its interests. The commaud to "go
ahead," ie heard in stentorian tone from
the "quarter-deck" and tbs forccustle,''
and he who heed it not will soon find
that tho great boat of publio progress,
loaded, a she is, to the guard, is fust
leailug him on tbe thorea of lime, and
hesdiog away for th; great port of Human
..a." a . . . lk S S..
Perfections. Her track thiougn the wa
lers is plainly visible; ber wava are hourdountry. Ten millions of people in rebel-
along tbe shore, and even the unpracticriK3ion ogaint the wry government to which,
t I . I "-4. 1 jtt.t ft ät.a..l I I
eye may see that tier velocity is Dcintiüer iiud, they owed ail that nicy naa
accelerated wiih every stroke of the pistou
aod every revolution of the wheel.
Yes, the age i a moving one. The
watehworda are, '"Vk wW more be
yond; "ExetUfor1 ! i'ßrr. 'i'ho tua rcb
is onward, and it is not less rapid than
the flight of time. Communitie.", tates,
nations snd individusls are all engsged
iu the forward movement, and that com
munity, state, nation or individual that
hear not the order, that heed not', the
injunction, is soon left in the lurch, and
it former position, if ever again reached,
is not attained without lub.tr the moht
earnest and perseverance tho most unwa
vering. The wealth of a country generally in
crease with its population. If it increas
es io wealth, the natural increase of pip-.
utiitinn will rAinaitt ami inlriiti()ii Irl
flow toward it. If. on the other hand,
country -docs not increase iu wealth, it
will receive but few accessions from
abroad, and its native population, through
emigration, will not be nble to maintain
tue uual increase. Such a country will
therefore be left behind, even, when it
may bo increasing, simply because it is
not keeping pace with its neighbors. This
may be illustrated in the history of two
of the great Slates of the American Uniontal
Virginia and Illinois,
1810. '20.
1r(tnt stood t 3
Illinois " 23 24
33. '40. '50.
3 4 4
GO
2 14 It 4
creasing all the
Virginia baa been
time at the rate of eleven per cent, in caoli
decado, but Illinois has increased at the
rate of one hundred and tighty three per
cent. Other comparisons miht be made.
North Carolina, with a larger, area, in
1810 waa fourth and Indiana twnly firtt.
la 1ÖCU North Carolina waa twrliA and
Indiana tixlh. North Carolina incressed
at 11 Per cent, and Indiana at 202 per
cent. Tennessee in 1790 wa seventeenth,
and by increasing at tbe rate of 07 per
cent; in each decade, stood fifth in 1840.
liut here she faltered dropped her in
crease first to 20 per cent, and then to 10,
and now ehe stands the tenth State in the
Union. So much far State and the man
ner in which they "go ahead."
I know a merchant that has been in
business nearly forty years, and his stock
is substantially tbe same now that it waa
when he began. It consists of skillets,
ofens and other cooking utensils for the
fire-place, gun-flints, seal skia caps, ie.
Thirty years ago it wss considered a well
stocked and was a well patronized store,
but it is now looked upon as a curiosity
shop, for it supplies but few of the de
mands of the present age. It has lost its
place, lost its position, lost its power, lost
its influence, by simply holding ita own
failing
to keep up with the times. ThhrWhe demasroirue will rulo tho land. '"In
- - - -' 1
man, in bia beetnnincr. may have beenXtellisrence ia the safeguard of tha llenub-
"ture he ca right," but he failed to "oNlio." Let the next generation, then, be
ahead," and consequently, thongh be may?an enlightened one, and they will not fol
once have been right, he did not remain (low the fanatio in his fanaticism, nor the
right. When Rip Van Winkle fell asleepHieretio in his heresies. They will stand
among tbe Catskill Mountains, the strong-iV like men. They will think for them,
est expression of loyalty waa for a manfT5lves. They will act for themselvea.
to say, ."I am a subject of King George J They will not be like tho unlettered rus
God bless him." Cut when liip awoke tie, that "knew not how he was going to
from his twenty years nap, snd return edl vote, because the man that told the people
to his native village, he found that that! how to vote had not come around yet;"
ery expression endangered his life and' but they will judge for themselves; they
caused him to be called t trnitr, I will vote for men, honest and-qualified.
W?V TW"
"THE UNION, THE CONSTITUTION, AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAWS
BROOK VI LLE, IND., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 18C8.
I Dul while it is important that we iliouldNlhey will watch traitors and atop them in
1 not lore the spirit of proareM. we shoulotheir wild career before they can .have
remember that it ia also important thst a
I ha it! van to our
j etforta. As a people, Americans are hot
M ffl 1 1 V A A I Ii fi I It fl in i hi thst wa are
ever leady Mo tell snd to hesr and to try
some new thing." We are exceedingly
f.l II In II Vfl.innt believe niHch in
con vocabularies. A loreigner iraveung
; among u ): "If a bombshell, laru
euuuuh to hold thirteen lcrons. could b
:e
thrown at the ordinary cannon - bail I rate"tudy that which ther wero expected to! my opinion your work is not well done,
from St. Loui to New York, it could be practice when they beoome men." ; The (Pupils understand more readily (he words
e ,
filled with piMengers daily, even though !
they knew li at the end of the lino it
would burst and kill twelve of its inmates;!
r. .... n nni.i ttiinlr iHat ha wmili)
U (UiU.AnA T,r ; no ireneral
w.tit llinn iminm A lliiric
j - .
Americans Ol a UIP0 -
.iilnn fn , aha.!.' The disnoMtion ofTeach the children, then, to be good.citi-
the preaent age has been to follow tooe"s-bnnest, intelligent. Tech them to
much lattpr rLiu nf the creat bcarlove their country next to their God, and
hnnitr'a li.iuaMion. PionU have been
tvo rratfjf to 'go ahead' luey have
neglected that important precaution, "Ite
sura you are right." and the coni-equence
has been, that wo have teen the evil results
of their labors, siting injuriomly upon
themselves and tho communities in which
they have lived. Such hux been the spirit
that hns of erated in our country for years.
Such wss tbe spirit that brought us into
our late unhappy deplorabh condition.
Party spirit and the spoils of offico have
been the bane of our country. Men have
sacrificed their patriotism, their country's
intcrcM, her honor, and almost her very
existence, on the altar of political parties.
'1 he defeut of a party in power and the
urc M of another, has for years been tho
tiunal for the political decu pitation of
3U.tM?Q cotcrnmcnt oflicisl. Dribery
a
and corruption ate charged upon all pur
lies, and I stu of opinion that to prove
any t-f ihriu innocent would be a tak not
1cm difficult than that of striking the
bright neon-day sun from its j ontitro in
the hcaxens and plunging the world into
eternal darkness. Many a dollar has
purthiiced many a vote, and men who
claim to be ' temperance men frequently
owe their election to votes bought by
whitky. Such a state of Quirn is tho le
gi imiito result of "going ahead" without
regard to right. And such, too, bus been
our condition. IHinJ Justice bus been
drugged with narcotics, and while she lay
entranced iu the temple, the rust of idle
ness gathering oti her scales, wrong ruled
the rabble, the rabbled ruled the rulers,
the country languirdied, freeaoiu wept,
and suffering humanity wa writhing un
der the most excruciating torture.
'Look at the "recent condition
and were, two millions ot men away
from their homes and families on the
tented field, and as many more driven
into exile, or left penniless in a desolated
country. Two hundred ba.tle fields
stainru with An. erica ti Lloo'd, a million of
lives detttrn)ed, thousands of women nnde
widows, and tens of thousands of children
rendered fatherless. Hut this is enough.
We will not speak of the thousand other
ills to which human flesh becomes heir in
a civil war.
Ah, party spirit, party leaders, men
that loved their party better than they
loved their country, had sown the seed,
and the country was then reaping the
fruit. Khali such men again take us by
tho noso und lead us into all tbeir here
aies? With the poet we ssy,
M giva at men; a 11 me nas ion acmanui
as a t -a t J s .
Mrouj luiuiit, great hearts, tru faith and
lanily hanti;
Man whom the lut of ede dots not kill;
Men buiii th poilt of oflice csonut iujj
Man bo t'O.iri o knlon and a will;
Mn mho huv bunur; turn .hu will cot He;
Mko bseaa itaod betöre tha daiuagoia
And a u kia trchrou iltleri wilbout wink
lug; Tall wan, un brown.J, who liv abovs tbe tog,
Iu jiublio duty and in f ilvate thinking."
Yea. we want nrn 11 en tri nur nntinn.
councils men who will enact laws for
the good of the country, and not spend
their time in manufacturing political cup-
i 1 tj I, or trying to upset the hobbies of an
opponent. c want men in our Pulpits,
men who can preach against sin wherever
it may be found, who can preach Jesus
Christ and him crucified, and not exhaust
their energies in fruitless fancies, designed
only to tickle the imagination. We want
men in public life everywhere honest
men men who know their duty, and mm
who dare to do it. We want men in pri
vato lifo men who are honen men who
are Christians men who lovo their coun
try snd its institution men of thought
men of action men who can stand in
the face of an enemy, and plead ourcoun
try'a cause we tcho "Jtnow they are
right" and dare to Kgo ahead.'
Uut the men of tbe present generation
are "going ahead'' in another sense.
They are passing away, aod another gen
eration is to take their places. Another
class of statesmen will fill our legislative
halls, another raco of ministers will pro
claim the Gospel of Christ, another set of
judges will hold our judicial tribunals.
Another order of people will have risen
up all over our country, and upon them
will devolve the duty of perpetuating the
Government, of -pleading the caue of
Christianity, of administering justice, of
instructing the youth, of acting the citi
tan. That feneration is cow in embryo.
and if permitted to grow up in ignorance,
a 0 a n
Nirue lop uogo tne country law nmntr
fratr c da war. UuttomiltO "iDt latti
llgence of the people the safe guard of the
rerublio. the education or tne cnnaren
muat become a subject ef paramount ho.
portanre. '
Let them be educated, then; yes, let
"u tirr; umtu "'' v
the commonwealth. It wsa a mrtin of
an sncient philoHopher, that "boys should
philosophy is as Rood to-dsy as it wss in
0 recce 2 200 yean ago. to a monarchy,
the prince is carefully educated tbshe
niav tccome a ruler. In our country
I erv boy is a t.rlnce, every child iVVfc..elrJ
" tri.-
1 inn lurooc. in en neu ia iui tuicr.
fro defend the flair from all of i'a encmiea.
to defend the flag from all of i'a encmiea'
Vea teoch them that the American Flag,
the thirteen stripes of '70, nud the ethereal
, blue, with in crowning palaxy or ji l vor
stars, ia an instrument too sacreu to bo
gmcd upon, except with an eye turned
heavenward. !
Yes, I ssy teach. . Children must le
eduenfrd. They will be educated. They
are all being educated daily, if not at evhool
or at home, it ia in the atreet. I speak
plainly, but I speak truly. Tbe children
of the present dsy are getting too tnuoh
street education. And here let inessy'a
word about Homo Education. Child rso
do not get enough of it. I'arenta turn
them over to the publio and private aihools
for all thuir literary and scientific educa
tion, and their moral instruction is entire
ly niven up to the Sabbath b'chool and the
atreet. What can the äublath (School do
in one hour a week with a child that runs
in the street from four to fourteen hours a
day? Is it any wonder that our Sunday
Schools accompliih so little? The great
wonder to mo is, that they accomplish
comparatively so much.
l'arcutx, do yon .ever . Lear that the
children of tie present are worse than
those of former generation? I boar it,
a iid I believe it. 'ow whose fault is this?
I human nature any more depraved to
day tbun at eny former periou? ltelig
ioiiuta claim that the natural depravity of
the human heart has been total since the
fall." Total Depravity ia engrafted into
the creed of nearly every religious denom
ination. If, then, the children of to-day
arc woise than thoso of a former genera
tion, it is becaute they ere under less re
straint. Ihev do not receive that atteu
Man is ol a three fold nature l'hysical.
Mental and Moral. Hi wants, then, aro
three-fold, and parents who fail to supply
thesft do not fultill their whole duty to
their children. Tho l'hysical wants are
generally supplied, but the A'entul and
Moral are ouiy partially attended to. Do
you claim thut you send your children to
school and church, putchase for them
books and give them bibles, and if tbey do
not improve- their opportunities it is net
their tauU? Let us see. If the farmer
plants ecru, and then leaves it to itself,
without careful cultivation, and it fail to
bring forth a plentiful crop, tell me, i it
his fault?
You say you employ a teacher for the
school and a minister for the church, but
the successful farmer docs more. He not
only employs his plowman, but he advises
with hitu, and assets him ia the work.
He may not work at the same time, noi in
the same way, yet be labors to the aame
end, and always knows bow tbe work is
progressing. Do you co-operate with your
teacher? , Are yo.u interesting yourself io
the work that your child is doing? I fear
that half the time you do not know what
studies he is pursuing, and you hear of
his progress ouly as be caha upon you for
the mean to purchase a new book. Do
you try to teach your child, practically,
through the week, what it is taught theo
retically at Church and Sabbath school?
Ur is it with you a with too many you
send the child to Sabbath School aud the
child send you to Church, and the sub
ject of duty to God is seldom if over men
tioned. Uut you bring in another plea. Have
too many other duties to perform; have no
time to give to the education of tbe child
ren. What, let me ask, has God made
you for? What has He placed you on
earth for? What has He instituted the
family far? Why you- Lold-lb .poai.
tiou you do, as one of the heads of the
fauiilj? If you are to provide for the
physical wants only of the child, why was
you not a mere machine, rather than the
living, moving, acting, thinking, reasoning
human being that you are?
If, then, God has given you a position
of influence, He expects you to use iL If
lie has given you children, He expects
yo to train them to train them for the
Community, to train them for the State,
to train them for the Church, to train them
for Heaven. And you are acconntible to
the Cemmunity, you are accountable to
the Church, and you are accountable to
God for the work that is done or left un
done, lor the influence which you exert,
aod that which you fail to bring into ac
tion.
Vlie eure," then, that ,lyou are right,"
before you "go ahead." Make . home
pleasant, make it what it should be, and
the children will love it; they will thereby
get more of that home education which
they so much need, and which none but a
mother at home can give.
Teachers, companions in toil, a few
word ' to you. Our labors have been
arduous; our 'very best efforts, we have
sometimes thought, were not properly ap
preciated. Often, when endeavoriog to
please, or striving to keep ia the path of
duty, we have received such ovcr-the-left
compliments from parents as only teachers
know how to appreciate. But let us hope
that these days are paat. If we have dote
onr duty, conscience will approve. Time
will tell the rest. To you ray advio would
, be, Teeh th .truth, teach it thoroughly.
; - ue sure you .are right, ana then
go
ahead."
Lt roe ask, are' 'you sure the rourae
that you are pursalog i right? Are you
fully alive to, the importance of the work
in which jou are enjraired? Is it sufficient
- for you to ask the. questions and receive
Kitb nur auuinienuy lurm
for the comprehension of the pupil? If
fyou co n farther thsn vour text-book, in
oi ma leacner man inose oi ,tneir manual.
An illustration with an olject if jou
please, an oljeet fcaion is worth more thsn
a learned diatertatioo on aome difficult
question. Do you say that ''your ichool-
i I. .. r !t.-.I s.i. .l .
ivviu ia uui luninusu wnu iri i
necessary
apparatus, and theref
therefore auch illustrations
' are inipors iblt? He a man of expedients;
, and why should not the teacher resort to
j expedients as well as any one elfc? The
expedients aa well aa any one elec?
Isrmera of tbia country, forty and fifty
years ago, were men of expedients. They
harrowed their wheat with the limb orlop
of a tree. The only curry-comb used was
a cob or a splinter, while the horse broth
waa aupptied by a wisp of bay. The
Tuckejhoes baked ibeir bread upon the-r-ame
instrument with which they cultiva
ted their corn. The saw, the hammer and
the ax were the only tool used by the
house carpenter, and many a house has
been erected with no tool Cut the ax. ..Thif
men of those timea were men of expcdafnjs,
and a lesson from ihem may be of service
to us as teachers, in this the afternoon of
tho nineteenth century.. A tescher should
be a man of expedients. The neccsnity,for
it exists in o Iruost every school room.,
Some may think a tcuchor should not stoop
to expedients; but if ho o not, 'nisny
difficult problems, many puzzling ques
tions will pas by unanswered and unex
plained. 1'uii her more, the teacher that
will not stoop to the uo of expedients,
will not successfully use the proper ap
pliances when thy are fumirhed.
The Ulack-board I consider a "tiite
qua uon" in the school-rot m. There 7s
absolute necessity for ii; aud if the. school
is to be properly taught, there is no doing
without it. The Hack board is to tbe
teacher what the ax was to our primitive
carpenters. It is to bo used on sin ost all
occasions. Charts and Outline Maps are
useful appendages to the school room,
and I should bo 1 lad to see more (f iheru
in use; yet much that is done with them
msy be done without them, it the teacher
learns to use his black board. Tho place
of the Globo may be supplied by an apple;
Geometrical forms may be whittled out of
a bhiugle; tho Tower of Attraction may by
illustrated by two pieces of lead; Linear,
Squaie aod Cubit Measure may bo ren
deied plain by practical example in
measuring the derks, doors, windows, floor,
school yaid, Ao ; Cubical forms and blocks
for illustrating Cube Uoot may bo mode
in two minutes from a turnip or t po'tatot;
the pumpkin vine will furnish the tube
for a Svphon; a common spool will serve
for a Pulley; a string and h.lt a dozen
spool will furnish a System of Pullers;
and a piece of lean meat, which is the
thing itself, is worth more than ten pages
aud a dsen charts in explaining the con
traction of a muscle. If the man of ex
pedients could substitute a piece of white
pspcr tor a clean shirt-bosom, or cover a
bole in the heel of his stocking by still
ing a burr on it, why should not teach
cr be able to supply in a thousand ways
tho various appendages of u well regulated
school?
Many persons think it strange that
teachers read so little. The world is full
of reading matter, yet but little of it ever
gets into the hands of tho teachers of our
Common bchools. There are several hun
dreds of different works that hive been
published for the especial bent fit of teach
ere; many of ihem for the teachers in the
rural districts; and )ethow very few have
ever found tluir way into the hand of
those for whom they wero intended? The
Teacher's As-eistani, by Chutlc Northend,
is a book that 00 young teacher ought to
bo without, yet not one in a hundred pos
sesses it. l'age' Theory and Practice of
Teaching has been before the publio more
than twenty years, llurnard's Journal of
Education twenty-five years, other works
from twenty to thirty year", and yet per
haps one third of the teachers do not know
that there has ever been a book published
on the subject of teaching.
-A.lj ifaHchera have, or may have, some
time for reading, and if thoy would occupy
that time properly their work would be
easier dono and better done than it is. In
these books there are many special csxes
treated, and such cafes as are likely to,
and do come up in almost every school;
and although tbe manner of treating them
may not bo suited to all , teachers, yet
something may be learned from a careful
review ot them. In mny things tbe ex
perience of most teachers is about the
same; and if one koew what the experieuce
of others bad been, ho might avoid the
block upon which they stumbUd. This
they well know, and yet it never occurs
to them that the very knowledge which
tbey need may be bad for a few paltry
cents, and the troublo of reading. If a
man was going to make the tour of Europe
he would first purchase and read the ex
perience of those who had preceded biro in
traversing tbe countries be wished to visit;
but do you, as teachers, think it not worth
tho cost to spend either time or money in
procuring the experience of others ia tbo
business ia which you are engaged?
There is an educational journal in near
ly every State, edited and published by
teachers, and for the exclusive benefit of
teachers; and yet not a third of thoso en
gaged in teaching take such a periodical.
The Merchant reads hia Price Current,
the Physician bis Medical Journal, the
Machinist the Scientific American, the
Lawyer his Law Keports, the Minister his
Tbeolocical Quarterly, the Christian his
Cburch paper, aud every loafer reads the
WHOLE NO. 321.
newspaper, but some tesrhtrs see no neces
sity for resdinir a periodical peculiar le
their profession. Such a reaeher 1 would
advise to take tome educations! paper
iust for the nsmo ot it. It looks like you
belong to the profession when you take the
professional paper. Try If for one year,
and I feel confident that you will get more
than the worth of your money.
Do not forget, then, that you belong to
a profession, and yeu are expected tc keep
up with the improvements of the age, and
this jou cannot do without resdin pro
fessions! works, The world ia around
you, and you have much to lesrn. ' Life
is before you. and ynt have much to do.
Whatever you learn, learn .it thoroughly.
Whatever you do, do it well. , To each,
then, let ute ray, ' Be sure to ore right,
and then go ahead," for -tils arm is doub
ly strong who bsttles for the right,
'. - . 'I..- m . .
.iVhat'U Requlrtd of the Firmer.
This 1 a bijt'vut'jeot, and we can only
btUfly deal with it now. What we aay,
however, is prompted by an earnest desiie
for the progresa of agriculture and the
good of thoi-e rnpsgcd in it. That the
larmer should know hi duty will not be
deputed, and that to fully do it ia only
being truo to his own interest is equally
true. One of the most important duties
is to keep himrclt poMcd iu all matters
pertaining to hi calling. If his csrly
education waa liberal, he entered upon
tho active duties jf life with a mind well
stored with theoretical propositions and
well prepared to profit by expeiience. If
not, he may do uiuih to retrieve his early
loss by a diligent improvement of leisure
hours, If, however, be is so circuniMso
rl as to be too busy or too old to learn,
a
kwhitb ae don't believe ever happens.)
ho should reo that his children have all
tbe advantage of education to be had.
Tho merchant who understands tho re
sources of the country, the condition of
foreign trade, and the state of the mar
keis, popmcs great advantages over him
who is ignorant of theso matters. It Is
none the less true that the 'farmer .who
understand hj business iu all the de
partiueiils and relations is mora successful
than bim who i ignorant.
Panning is not only a profession, but
of all the professions it embraces the wi
dest rang of bcieiuiOo propositions and
practical facts, and Uorda tie widest field
for tho exercise of the phiiorophio and
analytic mind. Instead of the brightest
boy being fent to medical college for a
field worthy of their talents, they should
be tdui-ati-d in the rclence and instructed
IpractiCüliy in ihe duties of agriculture.
it is a prominent duty of tbe farmer to
so purru hi calling a tu inspire a r ex
pect lor it in the minds of bia hildren,
and so train them that they shall be able
to pursuo it lutccselully, which can only
bo cficcttd by suiting himself of every
advantage rerulting irom the discoveries
of scieucu aud the accumulated experience
of the past, Tbi will at once strip farm
iiK of almost every disagreeable feature,
and clothe it with attractions. posefed
by no other buriness. Aa at present con
ducted, there is a large amount of very
disagreeable labor rtquired tobe perform
ed iu farming, and it i mainly to thia fact
thut we owe the detcrtiou of that business
for others by country boys. Science and
human skill uiuot relieve this, aud un
doubtedly will, if the farmer will avail
himself of their aids. North Western
Farmer.
The Presidential Handicap.
A writer in the Ttilune thus enters
Grant for the Presidential handicap:
"U. S. Grant, b. h., aged; dam Victory,
sired by West Point; tidden by K. Ii.
Woshburne; colors, red, white aud blue,
with a black hoop."
A writer in a Western piper makes an
oiheT1 entry, as follows:
'Andrew Johnson, b. g., by Blow Hard,
be by White Trash, he by Doti-h; dam
Slojr Whang, by 1'sUo Mitch, by old ILy e;
ridden by Jerry liluck; colors, Confeder
al cruy jacket with illusiou sleeves and
a ciimyon cap."
Tho latest and most remarkable entry is
the following:
George 11. Pendleton, mot. g., dam
Democracy, hired by Defeat; ridden by
J!t pudiation; colors, grecu(backs) and
gray-(backs).'1
Planet Destroyed.
The belief that this world is ultimately
to be dcatroyed by fire is supported by the
discovery that such a fate ha befallen
larger planets than ours. French ai-tron-onicrs
atisert that no fewer tluu filteeu
hundred fixed stars have vanished from
the firmauent within the last three hun
dred years. Tycho Urahe gives an inter
esting account of a brilliant star of the
larger size, which on accouut of i's singu
lar radiance, had become the subject of
hie daily observation for several months,
during which the star gradually became
S'ftler until its final dissppestance. La
'lace says that oue of the vanished fixed
stars of the Northern hemisphere afforded
indubitable evidence of having been con
sumed by fire. At firtt the star was of a
dazzling hutre, and finally became paler
and ash colored. The burning of the star
lasted sixteen month, when this runny
visitor, to which perhaps a whole series of
planets may have owed allegiance, finally I
departed and becamo invisible forever. j
Absent Minded.
Au exchange, ia speaking of absent
mindedness, tells a remarkably tough
story of a bachelor friend. It says: "He
is in the habit, when he comes to bis tea.
of Duttinz the kettle on tbo store, and i
taking a snooze until the kettle begins to!
sing, when be woulJ get up and make bis
tea. The other evening, being a little !
nrnatrstn fn . ncconnt of old SimrAin's I
.iirrlitov "rtiffinrM hi in nn ihn atrunt ha
nut the kettle on the lounge and got upon
lr. . ,i 7 j: ' -
the Stove nimseii, ana neier oiwov-na
the mistake until he brjan ht ning.
a,
r .tt
OS eiar, ft Haas,) era Ur t!
( , ttbt?r.;j,,.., ........ m.
.as itasrs, tar UtzttliU
an saw
TIARLT.
Oaststum, ka;ril,i ' VO
Taraa-aa.rt.rt r a . , ,. ,, -, ( M
Oaa-aair f a Nliai,.,.,... I O
Oss-tasrisr f a !n. ..,.. I O
Oes sliktb f elaa .
Trta(UatsyrtaMl AUlat3tCt
paid fur is avsar,
UnUia a artloalar Um fae -1 rtn t "
4 la, aHtarti.aaaaats will a t J o
Urtt an debar: 4 anurias!.
KUlorlcxt P.!tt:-3clFcL:;:j, tzT".
Ma. UPiToa, Darirj ccricaC v-Ui
giotu atttiojra tJ U tit FaliM: CC.
I'kareh for more tlaa thre wwiicvV.
proted of tuott geaertl lstn;;l t
ttorolag meeting od the last :y cf t-3
year ISb'T. It had been anpocr.ctJ m e
historical rotating, and the olitf fcttil--
were invited to refresh their fctatrirj if
the past and talk f tbe k: 'cry cf tla
Cburch in th White Water Vallat. bta
more especially within tbe tou f tit
old FaiiCeld fin tit. . TIU C l; U
accordance with iustructieoe (itt) t
btaea ia lha f'inuit Mrr.srA rt r--"-
of history, which ia tLU py etc!4 U
rrerv4 lor lu'ure rvfarene.
-r ""A fiw more year and tbj C ':j ri c7
'thi Valley will Urs pVi ww.
who .will givo us those stirring trci cT
other.dajs, in afiicb wert-laid tkt fr;x
lion of the privilege. 'and b!eria of
which we ate now uade the partus?
By the by, tbia suggests the prfr?risty of
Pioneer Associations and Meeting, for it
is true tbe fathers are p-siii-g away.
Among the many interesting facte sad
reminiscences linted at tbia meeting wert
some notes iu uiahed by Squire Tho tua
Thomas, who Milled near his pres at ret
idence iu Harmony TuwnsUip, Uaiust
County, in the jer IbUS.
The first Cncuit ia tbe W. W. Valley
wss established in the esru year by Tbo.
Hahn, and extended from Lawreneeburg
to Salisbury, th former Couaty-aaat af
Wayne County. '
I., mil M.. n
m w vvvihvi sajfsaai 1 0 ti h b j ay
E reached at diflYreni points io tbe Valley;
ut the nearest regular prcatbiof pUo
a- at i Kr.t.L a a IIa
fttn s'lvvaiiHVi -
The fiist Methodist prtellcg tttweei
Uruokvill and lirownfxille waa at th
house vf Jonathan Osburn, in 1812. near1
th present rcsidencu of Abraham Iii lie r,
opposite Fail field, by Robart V. Fi a ley
father of Jsii.es It Fin'ey.
It was here that in April, 1812, ä elssi
wss formed, consisting of Jacob Uloyd,
class leader; Hat-nab liiojd. hi wife; Wan.
Harrell, and Elizabeth Härtel!, hi wife;
Krautes, wile and daughter; Mrs. KitcW
en, Jonathan
Us born
aud wife; Mary.
r.iizauci
ii i
Mh,
Susan and
Itebccca Thomas;
Elijah Slakes and wife; Grandmother
Hsirtll, and Jane Dash.
The Squire then gives many facts i a
rrfeieuce to the change of elaase and
foitn of Circuit ; who were the preachers,
&c. Among other he speak of Joha
Strang who not only preached wp and
dowo tU W. W. Valley, but waa ready
for military service also. In 1812, whiia
the militia .'were in the fort at Couasrs
ville, Mrattge came thie to preach a fa
neral, and carried a gun on hie ehoulderv
The next year he waa appointed Circuit
pteifcher fioui Lawreuceburg. Theo fol
lowed, io succeaaion. Sharp, SoeaerviU,
Hunt, Fraley and Laurence, appointed
from Lawreuttburg.
But we must not dwell upon ths d'
tails, lest we trespass upon our patience
and space. In 1842 Fairfield Circuit
proper waa organised, witb William Morv.
row ita flist pastor. Since which tint,
hat followed, iu tbe ordttr a oaau.ed.
Hill, Sullivan, Uruoer, Kobiuioo,' Myers,'
Hutledge, Uollins, Snyder, Smith, W. W.
llibbeu, Ii. B. Hibben, WLiteman, T. C.
Crawlörd, Burrow,rMcCaw, Winchester,,
llairison, Jamca Ciawfwrd, iienjami, aad
in 1867 Ü8G. V. le.
Throughout this long series of yean
th Gospel Standard baa bu born aloft'
by these chosen leaders, aod tbt Chuseh
ha e ujyed many season of refreshing
aod gracious revivals; so that notwith
standing much opposition end many seem '
ing reverses, ber star has ever beea ia tha '
ascendant, liut while these have stood aa
faithful sentinels ou tbe walla of Ziea,
I roclaiming the glad tiding of salvatio
to man, thero has always bcti that tobl
and more numerous band of laymen, who,
together with their cousorts, have stood
as witness for Christ, beariup tetimoay
to His power ou earth to forgive ains, and .
by their Christian walk and unwsverief
support of Hi t-ttue, have merited th
title of fathers aud mothers io Israel.
Prominent among these at Fait field, ia tha
.memory of the writer, are the aamea of
Brown, terns, Hays, Logan, Moore, lias
ters, Sims, Smith and Snyder. 13ut tiao
is rapidly thinning their ranks by death ,
and removal, and the significant queries
arise. Who shall fill their plaioa? ou who
shoulders shall their mantles fall? "'
Ou motion, tho abovo waa requested to
be furnished the Ilrookvillo American and
Liberty Utrald by the
ltlXOKMSa STmvARl.
.
Bologna Sausagt.
The Muscatine Auitrkul says: ......
'The following is said to be tbe tuoat ap
proved receipt for this delicious artiela of
food: To make genuiue bologna sausage,
take eel skin and stuff with ground cat
teasou with So tch snuff and periaaita
oil; lay it on a hog pen to dry, abd tV
hsngit up by the tail in a grocery for tbrtu
mouths; then it is ready for is."
Some years ago a clergyman p readied
to a large audience in a wild part of Illi
nois, and announced for his text, "la aay
father' hous-e arc many mansions. Da
had scarcely read the words when 14
coon stood up and said: tell yoi Mat
that's a lit! 1 know bia father well. Ha
lives fil'iecu mile from Ole Kaotwek, ia
uu old log cabin, and there aia'l but on
room in the house." -'
A yon us man io Ohio, who bad given
hi sweetheart two thousand thr hadr4
dollars' worth of presents daring their
courtship and after their engagement. an4
was then jilted by the girL, (she saarryroV
another msn. broocht statt erainst ber.
land r-At a vardiet for tha full Vail of th
presents, and a trifle fur damages. Qirla
l! a 1.1- ..... v .1 tM. - I - . n
mai ioi om ou w jm. mtr
takin hia preeuti

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