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a 3IW .hi' i . t 1 LIU its' ' - ' Uttti At W t- tVKi IS jV nVdl I n G II A It. "Proprietor: erv --------,rt. t s - af " " r " " " 1 wm Ail satietaaal lasertiOBs, per TIAELT. ' Oaeeelassa, ciaaal!i c,tr'.:;lj...... Tkratveaartara af aeolua t H Oaa-kal f a elaaa........-.- --. SS ft Qaa-rtaartwar a aataaia....- . Oaa-aif bta sf laaa ....-. II TraadaataivartlaaaaaU äaali ia all as 1 palafor 1 adriaa. ' i . - . Ualasa apartloalar tla Is aati4 tu aaa4 aa la, adr rtlfamaata will la pabtltaal aatll af oaraaoat a4 akaraaa aoaordlax!. eif Saaiaj ssr4 tavSl a. fin - - i t yil. u.;.,j s.-V TUE UiNION, ;T II E.CONSTITUTION; AND tllE ENFp K C E.'PNTO 1 L?.UVyxVt B.- b ySi'iV vorA-7;N0.29. BROÖEVILLEi IND., FRIDAY,- JULY .17, '18G8, .0 !.l ;.t ic. !,.!: 1" Si,C t ij Hi'.': WHOLE NO. 312. , f-v ! '.: n..tt .itj.! J wUoJ ur.-i J.unJ 'Son t: ifv : . ..'.. 1 ft i 1 1 h A ? h kn : ft to s V iÄ n M . ' - - ...... I i . ST T i i : V II Ml I II I II -. II I .i.l i .,r Ti' I i I 1 I . .. . i r - : T ' ' 1 1 iii i i i J ..... i . 1 1 1 1 - 1 1 T 7 5 joHtMSi OF1 S Ü3SC PJ Plf 0 Mt -i" t2,30 PE R YEAKl ii TAef J 1 ' - ' C3.00' J" t,',,V:t'0TrllD JWlDTXKCt. Ko postage .on pepcr 9uterea wUaio ,tDi -Xho Democratic party, io National Con ttaiioa assembled, reposing ittj trust, io the intelligence. patrioiisia and- disci im h Stieg justaCflfof tlx people. standing bp Oik the Constitution, as tbe foundation and limitation of the; powers of the Govern meet, sad tbe guarantee , of the liberties i the citizen, and reeogaiaiog the amnesties- of slavery and secession, as hating been settled for. alL time-.to. .come by 'the War or, the voluntary a e lion of the South fra Sites in Constitutional Conventions assembled, aad:oever tn be reoewed or re agitated, do, with the return of peace, de- "mand; a-.-.'-'i .-.di'.:."; .. i ' - cl. Immediate 'restoration of all : the States to their rights in the Union under tba Constitution and of Civil Government -to the American people. ' n:. . 62. Amnesty for at!.; past' political of fenses, art J tbe rej-Htlations ef the elective .franchise in the States by their citizens. ' S. Payment of the ' public ! debt ! of the tailed States as rapidly as practicable, all -OJouey draw from the' people bv. taxation, 'exeepeso tauch a is requisite for-he-ne-canities of kae Government cc&nomically administered.- being applied to sueh'pay ausartend "Where the obligations ' Of tbe 'Government do bot expressly state upon ' their face, or where the law under whieb they Were:iisued does 'not provide that they shaN b paid in colo,; thej' ouht iii rigBt And injustice bet piiJ in the - lawfal nioaeyof thtj Cm ted Stated. : r 4.' IYujI tatatlott'of jevery species of p'ruperty. aoordi(i tin real' value; ' in duiiog Gbveru'taeat bandiand other pub lic aeturitie. i"- !t ' 1 1 " ''' Ue currency fof the ' Government -and the peoplo the laborer and the office- boMer, the pensioner and the soldier, the prod act f and the boud-bolder. ; ' '" r6. t'Ecu'nomyln the adoiistration of the Guyerntnerjf-the fducfion of tlio stand ifiaruiy aiid' riavyj theabolitioi of, the Treeduien's Bareao and all' political in truiiienUlilies' dcM-nedf to secure r.cro etipreuiäcyj simplification of the system -and dicoutiouanceof inquisitorial tuode ofaf sCsStrrg"! nit CöTTecTi ii "in t er nälTeve Bfae7ad tbar tlr burden Jftaition.'may be eqailizeJ and lessened; the credit ot the Uoreriixir;t( jand;he ) currency made gQp4; the repeal tf all enactments for en ruliiog tbe State . Militia iuto' National furires ia time of peace, and a tariff for reVeoue'upou foreign import?, and such -equal taxation under the internal llevenue w as will alfurd i'acide:.tal protection to domestic manufacturer?, and as wellt with ouiifLpiring hi "rivenae, ' impose' the . least burden upon and beat pronfre and encourage the gi eat industrial iutereits ol t)ie country,, . - ; 7. 'Ifeforui of nfcues in the admistra tlon, the expulsion of corrupt men frnj 'tEce, the abrogation of useles. offices, the rstorsittoo-of rightful authority to and tl.e uidepcn'denco of the Executive and Judicial Departments of the Government. The subordination of the military to the cijrü power, to the end that tho usurpa tions of Conres 'and the, despotisiu of tie sword may ccsse. 8. Equal riylit.4 and proteefton for nat nHfi led anil nutiveborn citizens at hotue andatroad; the aiertiwn of Arucricju uatMQaiity, which sti II command the re spect (f furein tetters and furnish an example and, encouragement, to people atru' 'linL' For naliorul intp ritr: connti ' tufiooal liberty and Individual rights, andfJi : l l. i .i -V. i : llhctr h AllzejriircsgiUs the ts.ojo'C iljc. 1rji T I pi mutable, allegiaaparanjitl.c UiwAnftH-elu'ptwer) to-pnni'h thtni for allowed crime committed beyond their joHdjofion! ' In demanding tLcsc nieas urca'auj reforms, we. arraigu the lludical paty for its disregard of right and the unparaHcl oppression and tyranny which have'uiirked its career sifter .the most sol emu and unanimous piedge of both houen of yvijBSiw prosute "the f ar, .exelu stvely for tfie"uia7u1ciMifi of the Gov. arnmen r an the. .pVeservation,. pf..the Uniowartl the C-mitttulion. It hai re ,pcated1j Kiliteijaixtiosl sabred uodeV wh-h was rallied that noble, vol. UfiteSrarmy wHicri'carried oar Hi it to vio .tory; instead of ref jring ihe Union; it has, so far as is, in its power, dissolved it. .and subjected ten Slates, In times of pro me wiiawnRci ui iiw; rinu ii naiur right o( .trial, by jirj'sJt hn abolished tto,no,her rMJ rtner jriU Ubcat corpus, that most .hcred . writ . or.ucceMM nd. lU con0,".J'.t 4,4 a1llu.r' liberty; it haa ovarthrowo the Iraedom gatded.14 iiiuaf. peace ,Uia,right of the peopiot wireoTrom seatTheiTnd self urcs; it hai"tUtia'J tBtVtsiul'iclegrapli oiuccsarui cvaa mo, pr)ata rooma oi im- diiiJeaW, i ltd .aettr their 'private ''papers sndJea witjwtilatiypeoiriogtton.'. Or notice ofTalS Javit. as renuired br tho gaoiu law; jr. oia, couvertou tea AmcnoarJ Capitol into a baittle, it haa established a system of, spies and ..official espoinago to wbich'nO constitutioiial' monarchy ol Europe wouUdara to resort, U has talfol ianed" tbe-rlgbrj' of appeal on'iüiportant conftitutional rjycstiöns"bjheJ supreme judlcialrlDunals'Snd'threatens "to .cur haa. been autg'ected to great and atrocious calumnies, "merely because be would not pröstlfufo hrs hTgü office to jthe support of tbg false aud: partisan, charges preferred azairwt ui i'reskleat; Its eorruption a nd cxrÄfläaprf'liavp 'exceeded ' anyOiigjr. kn'Dwu' iubii!tory,l and ly its frauds and mono polity iihasaearly denblcd the bur den of the debt cteated during the ar. It his-stripped t PrMient of lis cob stitutional power of appointment, even of Y own Cabrectj-jy-adcj Jta'tcpfafed as sauhJjhpUfars.of ,thQ.öove.rumeat are rocking os their base, and should it suc ceed in Ij'ovembernert, : nd ; inaugurate its Prtsidetttj we will tueet it as a aubjeet- neiriY an.t -,. 'it ,.. i',i ,,..I.PM PteietiU, ana ausiain ncr. trary icfx'ires aiti arresN;snJ rulntlry woniaD .TV" C'JmJ th belp triala. an? ÜtVai ViVrti,r,i,i.w t ;'..;,;.. ,J man. W a it only a phrase, and lor Con.tituliai.nl rriha..ttU- it K.. A,. tu'les? oMlblJ but then w tail or .destroyj Its original jurisdiction, which u Irrevocably yesled by tKe Con stitunon; while1 thitearned "Chief Justice ed ancl conquered people, amid Jtha ruins of liberty, 'a od tlje scattered frasmeuta of the' Constitution; and we do declare and resolve, thaf over'siuce the people of lb wr .'o. . - ' ' l ' t. il ... I ! . : . . L1 n ilea ctates tnrew.'-oö au auojuganuu iv States, and have been irrtnted, regulated and controlled exclusively by the political power of each State, respectively, and any attempt by Congress, on any pretext what ever, to deprive any State of, this rijiht. or interfere with this exercise, is a flagrant usurpation of rower, which can find no warrant in the Constitution, and if eanc-J tioned by the people will subvert onr form of .Goverhmeut, and can ooly end in a single; centralized; consolidated Govern -ment, in which (be separate existence of the State will be entirely absorbed, and an uuqualified despotltim be. established in place of a federal Union of equal States; that we regard the reconstruction acts of Congress, bo called, such usurpations, un constitutional, "revolutionary ai. d void, and th.it our coldiers and sailors who car ried the fla? of our. country " to . victory against a most callaot and determined foe. must ever be gratefully remem oerea ana the tiritisb crown the ptivilege and trustquite other than man; not intended by reopie lament tne wantot an indepen of.s'uffraire have belonged to tbe eeverafiibe Creator to bo the same, or to act ,to , dpt nd uncorrupted pre, and- we. hear ... . - . .J. a a ..La kpaal Haal aKan Hhah.1 v I a . a a a a ' .1! tho fTiiarr.mtta viven in tneir tavonlclaim tint thn crrp.at fanetinn ot vimin I must be faithfully carried into execution:! that the public lands should be dutribu-and I defy the world to prove thst a man lo ue terms ot toe suosmoer, mey .lose ted aa widely among the people, andshouldban da that at all.' ' I assert that there is their customer. ; : ' - ? Ü ' a be disposed ot either under the pre-emp-Nio Work in this world equal or compara- There is another great evil. In western lion ot. homestead lawt, and sold in reas-.Hle to the production of a royal race ofjcountrJ towns, the subscription price of a' onaMe'nuautities. and to none but actual Imen nd women? and that ' I affirm to be 1 Pper would not keep it running 'three occupants, bt Ibe minimura price, as m tabliehed by the Goveruoient, when grants i of., the public lands .may be, allowed, neee.-sary for the eocourageieut , of, im portant public " improvements, the pro ceeds of the sale wt euch land, and not the lands themselves, should be : so , sp - plfed, that the President of the United! Stares, Andrew . Johnson, in exercising the power of hts hish olEce fn resisting the agressions of Congress on the .Con stitutional rights of the States and tbe people, iä entitled to the gratitude of the whole American people, aud on behalf of the Democratic party wo' tender bint our thanks for his patriotic efforts in. that re, t5d.'. , ' '. ' rx-,: - .TJpon this platform the Democratic par ty ajqeal.to every patriot, including all the Coo'tervative element, and all who do sire to support the Constitution and re store the , Union, forgetting all past differ ences of opinion, to unite with oS io the present .treat struggle for the liberties of the people, aud that to all such to what ever party they may have heretofore be longed, wc extend the right band of fel lowship, and hail all such co-opetatiog with us as friends aud brothers. A i. Woman's Work- From ratnami'i M-mtbt for Marcli. Mut men nrcfer to look forward I cannot myftlfuee very far into the future, but a good way into the past. In that pist, 1 see that the patrlarL;bjaham killed tl.cjtieat, acd a.rah the wife, cook ed ii; that the made cakes, and bakcjj them herself for t.he angelic "visitors; and she was not the less a princess for having done it. '-Are we doing any better "now? "If the man finds the meat, might not the woman cook it? Or, if cociety" is so changed th it she caunof, might the not be an amiable and contented wile BC'r"h tepttng what she gets with gratitude.A and a smiling t icer i am toid; .carp- ino'luii.lirliip llmt n 'r i-nli- vitmpn are K)!caVantcr and livelier with any body than usband. 1 no longer wonder tuat matritiiony i leconiing difficult, aud may bcciittic impossible. . " - Now, if matrimony is to become more and more difficult, who will suffer most by such a .täte of things? It must be wotuuu. For, try to make her into a man, as some may, it is impossible, she is his equl, but she is not a man. The grape- 1 m ma...a vine and oak are equal, out not t no same Whoever builds his ship with the grapo vino will come to grief; whoever makes wino with the acorn will luve a bitter mouth. Women needs the strength and courage of man, and he needs her cherr- fulness her sympathy, her consolation. If man docs not marry her, ho will uo her and trample upon her, ho docs it now in Pari, and in London, and in New York. Sh nil) he his mistress, if she is not his wife. And then, when sl.o is sifk, or ill-tcrntcred, or stupid, be will Jtibruw her away. If she is his wife, the lV.hn ,,l,a !8"cn lil ,ie nni j irac was wnen meet of mean oras in ttie t a t a .1 1-1 .at av uioie luosuy uiu mean sometning. ana time, too, wss, and yet I in some quarters, or the world, when u woman was a help meet, and .accepted and worked up to bar positions as auch. Bho did .not demand everything, and do nothing. or-TVWbT i uiurriace easv and universal in sucb a country as Japan? Life, there, is simple, two or three small rooms, a few dishes, a mit upon which to aloep, one dress, a little rice, and somo fruit these suffice for all, rich api poor, alike, in a greutcity like YcJJo, which haa a civili zation as perfect nn J as old as ours. And ft is not a life of stupidity or barbarism, all can read and write, manners are good; books and pictures sre plenty; theatres abound, processions and festival days en. liven life., Itis.easyto see, therefore, why marriage i oot a fearful thing ia thst far-off LanJ; and, by contrast, .it is easy to understand why few hsvo the . courage to dare,il here.,.. :j : :t;r , . , ' It ia nat necessary, I believe; to assert that I am tbe friend of woman. It is be eause I am so deeply and devotedly her champion and admirer, that I write this sermon. And as I am writing it, lei me say that, while Miss Susan Anthony and Mrsi George Train are clamorin; for wo men to vote, and to work, and to aiog base if tbey wish, we are her right to be a wife and a mother, which' the ttidsdciea of the times threatened tu' rob, her of. We ask her to Und for that to losiat npon that forever, . We affirnJ.j and clalleoee tho world d. its U feost, I eJUiat woman is Jbe equal of; man.' tutnot o hhe same by no manner of , means, quite, i the same sphere, or to do tue same worr.jfc'v.u"i ,..mrurj,. nr .n;.h women and womanish . men or "aMbsidixed" presses The evila com. have eot into a sad confusion of ideas in their efforts at a aeniation. whicb seems mat likely to be a failure. . Clear up that con fusion. Woman and man are equal but not the same, each .completes the .other. Jbere ia no perfect woman, and no perfect man, without marriage and children. Each completes and perfects the other, or would do so were msrrispe what it was intended to be. - One step further; man can do his work best, and. wouian an da.her work bet: but the qoestion is, and a vital one, i ! 't i !..! 1 1. ) prbat is ht$ work and what is her work? Miss Anthony and 'Mrs. Train, if Ion. derstsnd them, claim that woman csn do just what man does, and baa .a right to doit, and cao do it as well. iow, claid and assert that man cannot do just what a woman can do, nor do it as well; and a part of it be cannot do at all. ' I is to be a loyal wife and a loving mother; ! es-uhe greatest, rttalest, noblest work a wo . - . . - tnan cD do. I affirm that no woman, be she doctor, artist, writer, law maker, or scldier, can' do' anything comparable to that. I affirm that the very moment she abandon tier prit wort, and attemntfi to ihe work of mn,'Bhe is likely to fail; aud if she proposes to subvert the laws of her own being, which are the laws of her 'Creator, she will go the wall In the great business of the world, wo man cannot compete wiih man. because she cannot do them as well.' . She is a per petual invalid, as all know, and cannot be relied upon to do man's work year in and year out; that is one great fact of her ex istence which cannot be ignored, and it settles the question, if nothing else did it, of her inability to compete with roan. There is no world's work in which is equal to man; not even in same directions where men fancy she is supreme. Mas, invents and works out even the fashion plates which show woman how she is to dress herself; and even in cutting and making her own dresses, man is her superior. One small fact will explain this curious inability to do business, for several thou sand of years, woman has insisted .on but toning her own clothes, and her children's clothes behind, so that by no possibility can they dress themselves without help. It in most curious and significant. I may grant and must graut that a wo man does now and then do perfect work out of her borne, but I must believe it to be exceptional. She has not the fiber to compete with man, ber skin and her flesh and her very bone are different. Now what does this mean? Does it mean that man is unjust to woman, or is it God who is accused?' No, this revulsion which is going on in civilized societies against mar riage is significant of much; and its evils m a a . at a will lall OraV and heaviest on woman. at, then, can she do to protect herself? lat is tbe vital question. She wishes to be married, or she ought; how carTshe se cure it? .Not by being usejess and ignor ant, and oot by being & spendthrift, not by being'ineompetent for the great bus iness of wife and mother, not by being whimsical ai.d ill-tempered either before or after marriage, not by being raielesa and indifferent to all tbe world but her elf, not by being a fault-finding and dis satisfied woman. Jut the reverse of these will insure marnage. Hut now wo come to u difficult, almost unmanageable questions: lloware those who do not, or cannot, will not marrv, to live? Some occupations they must have, aud 1 believe j they are not competent to cope with wan in the great business of the world. If they are. if they wish to, there is nothing to hinder tbo great businesses .are all open; at merchant, mauufaoturer, farmer, writer, publisher, tc, nothing cau pre vent her success if she has it in her to do it. 15 ut if abe is to expect marriage, and then drop her bus'iuese, she will never do it thoroughly, and successfully. It has been tried, and has aiwaya failed. 13 ut who will hinder ber from attempting und filliog any part sho can fill, and will? Who will.heaitate to pay her tho same wages for the same work as a n:an? Let a woman manufacture as good locomo tives, or import as jjood teas, or produce as good books, or grow as good wheat as a man, and she csn comnvind the uino price. uut it she rusbcj into tho bus ness which are overstocked, sho must take what wages she can get, -aud it will br poor; or, if sho bo a poor careless work man, sho will go the wall, of course. .There ia no pity in the lawa of God, not much in tbe hearts ot roan. Recently an old man and his wife from the country attended a concert, and dur ing the singing of "Who will Caro for Mother Now?" by a young lady, tbo old woman was seen to speak to ber better half, when he up and sang out;uSee here young gal, you just tell him I'll eeo the old woman, if he kicks the bucket." "Ton ought to lay up something for a rainy day," said an anxious father to bis profligate son. "I have," replied tho youth." Wbai? An umbrella . 1 ' " I IM , . Wall, John, I am goins oast, what shall I tell your folks? 40h, notning, only if they say anything about whiskers just tell them I've got some.1' Ad old bsohelor in New York offered a young lady a pöny for a kiss. She gave gave him tbe kiss. ' lie refused her the (pony. -She sued him. He pleaded no ciamorms loriconsiaerauon. i tie court decided thst a1 kiss was a legal cousideration and gave ber the horse. ' How to Secure an Independent Press.' - .Wofloditbo - following - very eensible ,rtJeU in tha white Oloui u . h . , plained of really exist to m alarming ex tent, iheycaunothe holIy remedied, ) " r- - bat may be in ereat Dart; and tbe remedr ; liesin the haodä of the teople, ' If; tbey desire a. change for ibe.lälter, let them - stop lameutuij-, and appl tbe remedy. It ; lies simply in giving newspapers a. decent support. . ; I r it is desiied la have the prena independent and uncorrupted,' it must have support sufficientlo'c'nHble.it be so. . People ucglechlbi'-ht.mo papers, because they are not as ure, and do not coutain as much reading tuatter, as . roam in oth city papers, which; run off., many editions ot the same matttr, and ca,n there by affyrd to send out a wiekly edition , at low cost. . Dut home papers are "Jewed" down below a psying jrbe, and tlfeo they ta aoavu .v aaaav vu a a cs.ii xi it u c yi, UDtaleable Vtruck," at .the very liehest prices it tbey show soy jndepeouencc IU u,s Faruca,ri or reiuse io come aown mootnsin tne year in fact,!. justt'DOW, there is no profit on subscriptions..; The papers must depend mostly , upon adver tising and pub.ic printing. ' Yet how do tbey fare in this respect? 'Ycar afiet4 year as regularly, as the Legislature meets, there is a war opened , against printers. Men who are living at the public :cribJ senuup memorials aoa petitions, -stigmatizing printers as paupers and pickpockets and demand protection agaiust :them. Efforts are made to dispense with really necessary public printing; .and toa that I which cannot possibly be dispensed with, tne rates are reduced lr below a .remun erative price. , If a printer occasionally stumbles upon a paying job, he is at unco bouoded as a public.- plunderer,: without any account being taken . of ; thr very' many jobs upon which he makes nothing, and of the vast amount of matter 'inserted for nothing, for which he justly ought to have pay. Lawyer's fee, tnecbanic'a wages, and the prices of farmers' produce, are never legislated against; but a discrim ination must be made against printers, in Under such circunistaoces, how ia it possible to have a pure press? .When un der the tender mercies of such a ; system, a printer fiods himself head over ears in debt, without means to purchase material, pay bands, or buy bread, whu can wonder it mey greedily accept a uopus Jrora some . a.l aa i . weauny political aspirant, inoraer to ptac themsilves iu a position of ease and come fort? Their necessities will blind them to the fault! of their benefactor. ; They ! will reason to themselves, that perhaps he is not so bad as be is represented; that he is as g( od as the common run; or that, if he is not exactly sound, he cannot do moth harm, and there are plenty of others to keep him straight. Thus they; will peek for excuses to justify their course, when they are perhaps aiding to bring abnu4: a public calamity. Women bold their. virtue dearer than all else; yet, pressed by want; thousands of them barter it for biead. ' Sn ide press, naturally inclined to bo free and independent, may be induced' by .ne cessity to sull its influence to unworthy purposes. ,We repeat, if the people de sire a pure and independent press; let them enable it to be so, aud they will have their heart's wish. Nothing is so humili ating to an editor as to be compelled to act as a dependent, a menial, or i mouth piece to hotuo individual; and he, will cease doing fo, when the people begin to appreciate bis necessities, and cease in vetitirf contrivances and enactments to grind him down. Advertising and Its Results. -No better means to make one's goods, wares, and merchandise, and their partic ular meritsknown to the world, has ever been discovered than through the medium of newspapers. Whether commercial, political, literary, religious, of whatever sect, party, or authorship, all luve their circulation and iufluence. Ilowmany successful business men could be enum erated who owo their high pecuniary po sition to advertising alone! How mtiny plucky firms are tho lead, monopolizing certain lines of buine, simply bv Ju dicious advertising! Thcro is not In ex istence an article of vuluo that 'is not worth publishing to tho world. '. . We have now io mind ouo firm of which wo can speak with certainty. We refer to the houso of J. 11. Barrett & Co.,' of this city, the gentlemanly uud popular proprietors of that indispensubiö article known as "Uarrett'e Vegetable Hair Ko storative." Two years ago this prepara tion was scarcely known cutsiJo of this section, to-day there is not a city, town, or borough this Bide of the l'acifio where this excellent "llenower" is not known and appreciated, and is, we learn, rapidly supplanting all others. To be sure, this preparation poscnct real merit, and ' Is far removed from the thousands ' of vlle nostrums which constantly flood every market. It also received the endorse ment of the Agricultural Society in 1563 which awarded its highest premium 4 (a Silver Medal) crcr given in tho' line of I atent remedies. Yet tiBarrett,s'i Hair tcstorativo" owes it success and present position in a great degree to ' advertising. Manufacturers and proprietors of any article of merit should not fail to ' resort totimelv and iudioious advertising, thst tbey may not only reap its benefits, but at tbe same time confer a priceless gift upon tbe community at large by the in troduction of their happy and -valuable discoveries. Manchester (N, II ) Mirror. ' A Fashionable lady says the latest thing ' out is her huband. Trora the Chtoare Trlbuoa, . Land Grants to Railroads. In a recent speech upon this subject in the House of KepmeuutivCT, -Mr? Julian, of Iu4iajiaDiade6onie truly, startiing Statements, speaking ot the t graut in aid of; railroads, tJie said: Tt.a rprnl - grants I have gained;., amount'," to;Jittle ahart of two hundred., millions at. acrPR! lanrt if wa AA In I Iii I Vi i.tn.nuni Viarnrt ti - avM a-w( p l v u vv. I eections alon the line of the Pacific Uoad, l!rh r pto,ua frnm efilmpnt under ! a'recent rulincof the Interior DttiartmenL we ahall have ao .agreiiate of about ne- third of the nation s entire public domain committed to the keeping of railroad cor porations. . ..I t' Is it not at all surprising that llr. J ulisn should deem those tacts, worthy or, the gravest consideration for a bad public land policy would proves terrible disaster lo' the far West,.and the far.future of the entire country. '. When Michigan was first opened to settlers, the title to a large pro portion .of its territory became vested in capitalists at the East; who bought it for speculative purposes and held it at ad; vauced prices. The conequenco,. Was those lands were shunned by actual,1 set tlers and that State has to day immense tracts of wild land that would Jong ere this have become cultivated farms, had it net been for the curse of , speculation. Thousands' of pioneers pushed through to Illinois and Wisconsin, who. would other wise have settled in Michigan, t . .. With this warniog before us,' and tho startling fact already quoted, ; we turn to the remedy, which M.r, Julian 'proposes, with the inquiry, Does it meet the.. de mand of' the case? i His speech was in support of a bill , introduced by. himself, which provides 'that. in all future: giants to aid in building tailroads the odd-uuin bcred sections shall be sold only td actual Fettlers in quantities not exceeding' one hundred and sixty acre, for a piice not exceeding the maximum of S2.&0 per aere, and that any eveu sections which shall re-, main undisposed of at the expiration , of ten years ehall .be subject to the same dio position as all. the other. public lapdn. . It is hardly possible' to ; euipha.-itQLtoO strongly the importance of this provision..: . Anoiber provision of this bill is. that "any eveu sections which shall leoiain ub aisposed'of at the expiration f tea years, tball.be ffuhjfct to the same disposition as all other public lauJs.". The language is atubiguons. If it means that at the-cod of tea years the lands belonging' to the road shall be sold to settlers in quantities not exceeding lb'O acres, that would be ac ceptable. It it means that the, railroads shall have only ten years in which to, dis pose of their lands, the time is probably too ahorL The framers of the . biil-teeiu to Jear there would be needless delay io 8ei,'I)2 uie lands, but this is a needless fear. The lauded estate .of Luropean lords furnish a seeming parallel, but it, is only an apparent one. , llailroads "do not hold lauds for ornament or for root, they hold them to sell. There is no revenue until they are sold: : 1 . ."' .a No intelligent person can, , deny ;that there have becu some gross frauds perpe trated in connection with Congressional grants of the pnbliJ domain but these traudsliave been the result of loope lcgis latiou nud form no integral part of the ys teiu itself, -yainst these, abuses oi' ,jbe system Congress should guard . with a watehlutness propirtibuato to its 'iuipoV;' lance.- I he tuna grant policy ol the United States wis framed with rare wis dom and sagacity,, alibvuph like all . good things, it may be abused by political cor ruptiou and rascality. - - , !.u I ' Another thing, however, upon which tho bill was silent, but which it should have Included aud made prominent, is the right of the government to regulate' the freight aud passenger rates charged i by railrouda actcptii.g those grants. . :' Where there are competing lines of rail wsys tho matter will,' to some exjent, .rcgu lute itself. - Hut where, as in the case of tho 1'uciQc llilroad, tho corporation en- Joys an uidiputcd monopoly, Congress j louul outliority uiouo can iippiy tho need ed remedy, aud savo the public 'troiu !the most oppreasivo and rapacious extortion. Disci initiation, it is suid, is t;taic ma n ship. If Mr. Julian docs' not nhiavs dis criminate justly, somo of his positions, at least, are light. Firstlho bill provides that, ''in all future grants to uid in build ing railroads, the odd-numbered sections shall bo sold only to actual ser." This is as it should be. The evils of omitting this provision are not over stated. Noth ing could be more alhotrcnt ' to the glorious peculiarity of our American in stitutions than the massing of largo trucis of the choicest lands in the hands of mo nopolists. Landlordism in the bane of the Old World; let it never have place in the New Government makes grants of land to rilrod corporations, not for the sake of enriching thorn, nor with the de sign that theso lauds shall lo n'liuestcrcd from tho public market, aud, iu point of fact, they uto not. . .:" J Hut suuh grants may be' mido because the. o roads are absolutely ruccssary to the developcmcnt of. the country and the multiplication of, permanent, prosperous homesteads. ' The only ' justific ition . of these extensive gifts of laud is ' found in the tact, as stuted bv a raceot. writer in tho North 'American. Reviiot that "A ,na tipn'a civilizaiiou' and prosperity may be gusgcdby.it' facilities' lor travel and transportation." ''Good , ''roads,'', says' John Stiiat t Mill, "aro equivalent to good tools' It is of no v'onscqueqco whethsr the economy of labor takes p'ace io cx--trading the produce of the soil, or in con veying it to the pluco where it is to be con sumed." It make liulu dtHerauco wheth er; you raise one tbousand'or twothousmd bushels of wheat, if you havo no facili- tics or gouinjf u into tho market. Tho true theory is. government aid is clven to tbe roads for the sake.of the country. But' in order ,that railroad corporators od peculators may not monopolize the benefit, of the impioved means of communication, the bill most wiioly, providci that every' otbtr ictioa.Bball bs eold only to . actuil settlers ; j i -s , ,i t it J v Mi l " 9 : J:.' Monopolizing Jho Publio Lantfir V j- AVe ro giad, to .police that so vigorous sod 'influential a Kepablicao journal as the Chicago Tribune has taken up tbe cud ;S?l io" behalf of reform iö , tba tuanoer of dlspOfilDi; Ol ttiO r UyllP XiaOuS, and WO Call utttehtjou to an article from- its columns ifbich we print, in anotner column. It - , , j ' endorses and commenda wim sbarp reas- ontng Mr Julian's proposition to dispose of the lands hereafter only in a way that shall not debar from settlement and oc cupancy those who need them for use and cultivation that tshall secure tbera to ao tual settlers, to the utter exclusion of those who would bold tbera in large quantities for speculative purposes; and It says truly, that "it is hardiy possible to emphasise too strongly the importance of thia pro vision.". If such a provision . had been adopted fifteen years ego and rigidly ad hered to with respect to every great for railroad or other- purposes, . tbe country would have been richer today by thou st ands of millions, and there would be sol id linea of settlers on the routes, of all leading and necessary railroads fully as fast as the .roads could . be - constructed. Tbe policy should have been, and aho'd hereafter be; where great national inter ests required any national aid for impro ving the means of communication between important sections of the country that must otherwise remain isolated from each other, -tli at the lands be dedicated for their legitimate use, and at moderate prices, the ptweeeda ouly goiag te wake wp tba re quired aid U point of fact vsry little, if any, aid would.be seeded for auch- par pose if the lands were kept ' out of the bauds cf monopolists.'' . There ia scarcely a shadow of a doubt that if, ia oar 1 own State, the laadi granted for railroad par-, poes had been subjected to settlement at Government prices, there would by this time have been al beit" of thriving and wellTto.do. farmers,' twenty 'miles wide at least, along the projected line of the three railroads which, tbey were intended to aid; tbui furubhing in advance of their con btructiönf"luuds for tbe work, and busi ness for them to do ' when completed. Urarui Jfoptds (Mich La git. v! j Plmchttts. ' This new game is making agrtat sifiaa tion. .It is sort of a parlor sybil sctr, and oracle and haa spiritual and mystical qualities which, only , a favored few can develop. In appearance 'planchette" ia a flimple braid shaped like a heart atand iug ou tbiee legs aud moves about on two pentegraph wheels by gentle pushing. It writes with a soft lead pencil ia a scratchy way, and sometimes for some people con descends to niako most astonishing atate Uisots... The method is for one or two persons to lay their hands very lighty np ou her, meantime bending their wills to wards tbe, object of. making ; it answer their questions. "When a sympathy is es tablished or tbe electric current started, .the wooden'medinm will answer any ques tion put by a tlurd person, aid sometimes proceed. to make .independent statements of its own.r- There aie young ladies in society "who are acquiring a great popu larity in social circles for speaking Plan chen. There are others for whom the obeiioate phenomenon caa oot be Induced to write a word.j; . ,;; ;. : , J It is said to be a good plan when riumhette will oot do anjthing for jou individua.ly, to find aowe person of oppo aite sex and tempermeot aud try your fortunes together. Tnis idea has oot the merit or the charm of novelty. Persons ofoppotite sex.aed tempermenta have been in the habit of trying experiments of that kiud since the days of Adam and Evo'. J . -' ' " ' '; ' ' It is, perhaps, best not be too carious in asking questions, particularly if Plaocb cttc is graciously inclined. A gsotleman whoea, wife is. absent io the country, senti mentally asked the other diy'Wbit she was doing? "Gjone to ride with a gentle man," Slid Plancbctte. ."Isn't she ex pecting mc?" asked the beresved husband. "Not much,' said tbi J irreverent joker: "sho is going to a pio-nio to-morrow, and hopes you won't come for a week." .The gentleman started for the oountry tho next train. ' Jen sit Ju.tE. ; Sojourner Truth. ' ' This old colored womaa recently visit ed Milton,. Wisconsin, whei ehe waa tie guest of a Mr. Goodrich, who was an out end-out temperance man. and a devoted hater of tabutco. OdO morning she was pulling ' away wiih u' long pipe in ber mouth, wlten her host, Mr. Goodrich ap proached her, and commenced conversa tion wih the following interrogatory:, "Aunt Sojourner, do you think you are a christian? ! t ' ' ,' "'Yes, Druddcr Goodrich", I speck I am." Aunt Sojourner, do you believe in tbe Bible?" . . .. : "Yes, BrndJar Goodrich, I bslievei de Eoripturos, though, I can't read them sa you can." "Aunt Sojourner, do you know that there is a passage iaj tbo soriptaraa which declares that nothing wocleaa shall cater the kingdom of Heaven?1' , "Yes, Brudder Goodrieb, I have bearal tell of it." ."Aunt Sojourner, do yon balieva It?"' ' -'Yes, Brudder Qoodrioh I believe it." "Well, vAuot Sojourner, you smoke, and you oaonot enter . the ., kingdom of heaven, booause there. ja nQtbicg so uu clean as the breath, of, a smoker. . What do you say to that? ' ' . "Why, Brudder Goodrioh, I neck to leave my brcff.bohind me when I go to beavta." . . r-. i , -.- What does a tslegrapb operstor do whan be receives the beads of important news? Waits for ds-tails, oh oeorse . - ,f What is that which ia neither flesh bot b?oe, and yethas four fnge.r a ad a thumb? , A glove. Ths. Ltw Coacemlnd Animafi Running AVAcnd"provide for the rejclatlait of thoVuneinsf St large of all kinds of animate within the different counties of the state, and to provide for the taking up impounding, and selling of all such ani mals ss shall not to allowed by law to ruu at large. ' A'l '.''. J . . i - ' CApraoYio Mai 31, 1S52.1 . .. ... . . , SrcTlo 1. Bt it enrcted ly the 0nmt Attanbty of the Siate of Indiana, that "it shall be tbe duty of the board of cwiu missioners of , the different counties of this atate' to direct, by any order bwok of said board of commissioners, what kind of animals chall be allowed to pasture or ruu at large upon ' the unincloted land, or public common within the bouuds of any ; township In their respective counties. - - Sic. II.--The board of commissioner of the differot counties of thia state, shall specify, in said order, by name, the' kind of animala that shall run at large or pas ture upon the u in closed laud, or ublia common within tbe different township in the county, and also what particular, las of said kinds of animala, whether male cr female, acd of what age, thall be allowed to run at large. .... Szc. III. -WLeuem any a.timaljfcall - be found running a r large or pasturing upon any of the unicclotcd land or pallia common of auy township in any county in this state, which shall not be pecified in order of the boaid Of cötnruiseiotteri of said county, as in eecdou 1 and 2 of - this act provided, to hav the tight to ao ruu at large or bastbre, tbercon, anyr perron beifig a resident of säid township shall W aathorized to take op'and iirpuuud- said animals iu any private or public pound withia tho said tow usbip., - Sec. IV.. Tbe person taking ftp aud irrpounding any such animals ball im mediately give notice in writing to taa owner of auch animal, if ' nor, he shall give notice by posting up in threo of the mot public places ia..tbe towuship, a notice in writing, stating taarisin the time ol the taking up, the agu and ' mark, and a full discription of the auiuial taken up,, and that tbe owner thereof is unknown tV him, sod the place where said animal ia' impounded. SIC. V. It shall be the "duty of auch taker up of toy . ani&sl takou. up, with food; and if at the expiration of ten days, . from tbe day bf posting upf tbe tvticesk as in section 4 this provided, tio penoa -shall appear and claim, and prove tba animal so taken up to bo .hia property, taker op aball ia mediately advertize the . animal for Sale, at pablic a action, by post ing op ia three of the most public places in tbe towasaip, written notices, stating therein the. time and place of aale, the discription of the animal tu be sold, that the same was taken ap ss animal not enti tled by law to pasture upon " the public common, which notice aball be posted up at least ten days previous to the day of sale. - Sac. VI. ,If at any tirso before the ex piration of ten daya from the time of post ing up the notices, as in section 4 of this act provided, any person aball appear and claim the animal taken up aa bis proportj, and prove by his own affidavit, or the afii davit ol another person, that tie animal taken up belongs to him, aed shall pay U . the person taken up said animal the sunt of three dollars, for bis trouble and cxpenae of the animal so taken up, audit shall be the duty of the taker up to immediately , deliver the animal taken ap to owner; .; ProvuUd) thstio all cases where tbo own er shall be notified by the taker up( ia writing, if be shall itunrediately proceed , to take into his own custody the auimal taken ap, he shall re liable to pay tho taker up the sum of one' dollar and fifty -centa only.' i Sec. Vit. In all cases where any ani- -mal shall be taken up and ice pout ded Ott der the provision of this set, if the owner sh'sll not ayretr and clsim sad prove tbe . animal so taken ap to be bis property as in section C of this act provided, previous to the day of talc ipecihej in the notices of sale, as In this act provided, it shall ba the du'; of tbe taker up to proceed and sell st public suction the a&!mii taken up. for the highest price bid for the samt) and out of the sum bid for and received for the animal 'so sold, he shall bo titled to ratalu the um of thtte dollars for services rendered in the taking up of said stiimal, and tie further sum of ton cents per day for each day he shall have kept snd fed said animal, and the balance of the n.euey received for said animal hall be paid over to the county treasurer, by the taker up, for the ose of common schools, and ahail belong to and become a part of tbe state common school fund, and shall bo paid om to the treas urer of atate, by receiving the est for that purpose, provided, that It a' all If. the duty of tisasuror to retain the m ntj In his office one year, and if spy pjrsou shall appear snd prove to the atistaetivr of the treasurer aud auditor, that the animal Bold by the peraou paying (W monsy iatotha treasury was his property, the treasurer shall du the warrant of tl eouuty auditor, pay tbo coiouul recotted- to him, Icjj IU teej. - ' A you n 5 lady having calicd out ar t ogly gentleman to dance with her, V aatouiabed at tbe cau demean si on, aad fc-a- . lieviog that sho was to lovo with him, de sired to koow why sho hud ' ssleeted liua from the rest of tbe compiny ' B.oaU v sir, replied the lady, -my IiusImu- 'ey, ", manded tne to select such a partner ei ahould not give him cusc tu je 6Usy Tho ma'riiict of -lritisIr' for.'a-Hus-. band in Java. H liy . pliioiug aw ujpr flower-pot uu tue portico root, which, is. aa mush to say i -a yeun lay iu tbi faouao husbaai wanted." Wouldo't thai price of fljwef-pota :n tf that fashiou ii introitt -ej her' kou tri? The girls are a f 1 iu.fivj a' Las ing a uuii- M"u in llii tLr.-.