rTBLIsHED' IYIIT fMDAY BT
OrlX. D I N O II AH, Proprietor.
0283 la Ute IXtUonU StBk SaUdiof,
V1 .,.! - ;
S.1.--.I - A
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION!
$2,53 PER YEAR, i lav.-. ; :.,
53,03 ' I CT AID 1 ADVAVCK
Nb postage on : papers dsTFvered within thil
County. ' ' ' ' ; ( '
ADVENTURES OF HENRY HUDSON.
BT ABBE SAQX,
-Those children , who, bm tailed from
New York city up the ... Titer, ; which is
.sometimes called theIIodoo, od some
times the North IUver, will remember how
beautiful a stream it is, They, will . re
call the banks oa each, aide, tfoedwith
handsome country-seats and lovely gar
dens: the pretty little tillages which the
railroad runs through: the hundreds of
sailboats, ships and steamboats which go
up and down day tod eight; and the life
and bastle everywhere. I im going to
Uli you. about the man. for whom. this
river was named, and describe to yon
-what sort of a rl " h-"
hz.2zi aod C -J 2. w- -
: Henry Hudson was the name of tthe
famous dufpverer, -lie was boro in Eng
land, and reared to follow' the sea. The
aim of all the captains of his time and
indeed for a century before himhad
been to discover a abort route to India
and China, so that they might not be ob
liged to sail a loop distance to trade, for
their teas, aod coffee, and. spice.: They
had to nil around the Cape of Good 11 ope;
and thus the distance from London to
China was about twenty-one thousand
miles. If they could find a passage
through the - American Continent, it
would be only nine thousand miles.
' So, iu 1C07, Henry Hudson sailed to
eee if he could find a passage straight
-across the North Pole into the Pacific
Ocean. Of course, he didn't succeed 'in
this; but he was persevering, aod his
'failure did not prevent his trying, agaiu
.and again. After he had made two voy
age for some English merchants, they
thought they couldn't afford to risk, any
more ships in such an undertaking; and
then he offered himself as captain of the
.Dutch Kast India Company, in Holland
-a company of very rich tradcra with the
They fitted him out again, and in 1C09
he sailed on a third voysge. ' This tinie
:he touched the shores of North .America
further south than ever before, lie an
chored first on the shores of Maine, which
was then a great wildern of tall , pine,
trees. Then he sailed all along the coast
of New England, which looked very lonely
and bleak, fur thin was thirteen years be
fore the Pilgrim landed at 1'lyuioutli
Kock, and there was nut a single white
man on all id shores. So Hudson sailed
woutbward lo New York Uay, aud then
up into the harbor, and then into the
uioutli of this beautiful river. Ii u t Lis
mind was so - full of the Pacific Ocean,
which he was always hoping la find by
getting round some corner of this conti
nent, and coming suddenly into the open
tea, tbil lie persuaded himself this great
rivrr waa only a channel which led into
this imaginary sea, from which he could
sail into the Pacifia and go atruiUt over
to China. '
! This scents very absurb to us now,
wl.eu every little piste upon our, a hole
:lobe ia laid down upon the mups. Put
Hudson did nut have such mups. He
was one of the men who ' by their ?(-
coverics, have helped us
Two hundred so l fifty
the great sca-csptaius
. Well hi mailed up the pleasant river, in
the pleasant uionin of September. All
along the banks where tiuw are the fine
couuiry houses and the pretty V illumes,
were lud; au wigwams, and fields yellow
' with Indian ooru. Aud ' the savages,
Looting and yelling, trooped to the shoru
lo kit iho big culiuc of the pulo faces sjuil
Pretty soon the Indians bcean to ven
ture to the ship, bringing corn and otherj
vertahlcs in their boats. II udson gave)
them, iu return, szes, and knives, vndj
shoes, and cotmi cloth. Ofeourse, these!
were all cutiohitiea to the wild people of
the forest, aod they hardly knew what to
do with them. The next time they cume
to the ship, the chiefs had strings of
ahots around their necks, aod axes and
abhes strung shout their girdles as orna
ments, just as they wore chains of beads
... At first the Indians were friendly; but
no matter how pleasantly the while men
and savages began by being, they were
pretty sure to cud in fighting. So it
Lapseoed ia this case: and in askirruish
they killed one of Hudson's oldest sailors.
The others buried him on the shore, and
Jtift him there close by the river he had
aided to diicover, and where its gentle
waters ebbed and flowed over his lonely
grave. ' '
t When Hudson had got up as far as the
spot where the city of Albany sow stands,
he found Lis supposed channel had grown
'narrower and narrower, until here he was
altogether atopped. No looger was . the
stream deep enough to sail his ahip. He
sent boats on further; but they confirmed
tit growing suspicion that, after all, it
tvas only a river which he bed been ex
ploring. Bo back ho sailed between the
shores crowned with oak forests, or fringed
with .fields of Indian corn, down between
the rocky Palisades, which remain to-day
Oiehaneed by the hand of. Nature or of
tnan just as Hudson saw them so lonr
ago, out into the Narrows, and back across
the ocean to Holland.
v You can set he was not a mm to be
iafHad easily; ao it will not surprise you
to hear that he set out on another vojsge
the next year, 1C10. This time he
"struck further north, and up into the ice
region. First he lay to near the Iceland,
which at night was covered with white
mist. In the morning, when the cloud
'rolled away, be saw Mt. Hecli, her steep
eitles glittering with snow, snd pouring
oct fire and amoke from her huge crater,
Thai frightened the sailors not a little,
to see this toe mountain belchiag fire.
i Thence they sailed round the southern
eosst of Greenland, with its white cliffs
standing bebind solid wall of ice, and over
Into Hudson's Straits when Lis ships first
sailed there, howover. They were unknown
K, f, .
, . " ' 11 W "" I I S I M
; V .". "THE UNION, THE CONSTITUTION, AND THE E NT D P C E M K N" T ' 0 F THE LAWS." '
VOL. 7, NO. 50. . BROOKVILLE, IND., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1808.;. WHOLE NO. 363.
unoamel, wafers then; but. like the river,
Were afterwards called Hudson ia honor
of bis memory". .' "
All about, here was ice whole fields,
and cliff,! and mountains 'of ice. ' Some
times thelr ahip went floundering ' around
between the 'smaller pieces, ' which were
broken np a little' by the 'approaching
warm weather. Sometimes they were
stopped by large icefields, which stretched
as far as the eye could eee. ' Once in a
white they moored their Vessel to aa ice
berg', feeling it a kind of protection to
float along in its company. Then the
sailor) would take the water-casks, and
fill them' with fresh,' sweet water from the
hollows in the berg where the ice had mel
ted. : . ' ' '
v-t fid to be very careful about
. j iLus.- Occasionally
another ice-mountain would come gliding
along, drawn from by the tides from the
Strait; and etricking againsC their com
panion berg great portions of ice, broken
off by the collision, would' fall, headlong
into the Toaring sea. . So the ship must
keep a good look out, or it' would get
crushed to powder ' between the two ice
bergs. And the noise of all these moving
masses, striking sod dashing against each
other, . was indescribable; and, added
sometimes to the huwliog of the wind and
the dashing of the waters, the seamen
could hardly hear the loudest blast of the
At last they got into the bay . which is
now named for him; and the delighted
Hudson thought surely he had found the
open sea at last, through which to sail in
to the Pacific to China and the Indies.
He allowed the sailors to land on one of
the points of land which stretched into
the bsy, and pick sorrel and . 'something
they called ."scurvy grass," which we-re
the first green things they had seen since
leaving home. .
The wstcrs were full of silver-bellied
whale snd smooth, shiny scats. The
shores swarmed with herds of .deer, while
snd silver foxes, and dreadful brown boars.
They saw furry animals they had never
seen before. The otter and beaver, and
mink, and martin, and sometimes the er
mine, with exquisite white mot, which
kiogs were proud to wesr. This was the
place where to-day hundred of ships go
for rich furs, and where a gtcat desl of
money has been tuade by those who deal
Hudson cruised about for threo whole
months, from August to November, trying
to find a channel out of this open 'sea
which would lead to the Pacific. It crew
cold and the crew began to suffer, .Some
of his sailors were discontented bad men.
One of them had corn mil ted a crime in his
own country; and Hudson had taken him
on board out of pity, to give him a
chsnco to reform. And this ungrateful
mnn incite 1 the others to rebel.. against
iheir citptsin. .
One morning, ns he came on dock Hud
son was suddenly seised end bound Land
What are you going to do with mc? :
he said., , i
!"Stop your Poise snd you will find out
when you get iiitt the bout," cried the
rutMan who tied him.
They bouud him, ar.d threw him into a
boat, launched at the ships side. Then
they picked out alt the sick disabled sol
diers, who begjred ill tho tiuio for mere,
and put ihem aUo into tho boat. One
strong and well msn alone said:
Vt a ill go wilh my captain. If jou
force me to stay with you, I will accuse
you in Knglsud s murderers.
So, though they hsd wanted his help,
because he was a carpenter, they - had to
let him go also.
Then the ship sailed away, leaving the
frail little boat eight souls on board of i
t . I I .1 . ! . .1. .. . - . I
ner aione in tue icyc waters, wiwtoui pro
visions or shelter from the storms and
cold. And after this wo rend in all his
tory the sad words: "Awl (Uy wert neo-
rt heard of afttrvsmli."
Alas I for the brave Hudson. Let us
hopo he bdoii joined hin brothor adven
turers, who had died periling their lives aa
he did, in that bleaaed heuven which so
i'ompesitci tho iciest rrgijus of tho North
as well as the fairest seas of the tropics.
'Where Is your house?" asked a trav
eller in the depths of one of the old "sol
emn wilderncMca" of the West. "House!
I sin't got no house." "Well, where do
you live?" "I live in tho woods, sleep on
the government purchtso.catraw bear and
wild turkey, snd drink out of the Miss
issippi, and," he added, "it Is getting too
thick with you folks about here. You're
the second msn I've seen this Isst month,
and I hear that (hero's a wholo family
ecme in about fifty miles down the river.
I'm goin' to put out ia tho wood agiu."
The Humboldt Medical Archives tuen
tions several cases of tetanus (vulgarly
called lock-Jaw) which has beou success
fully treated by a local application of
chloroform to the entire sptnial column
by means of cloth saturated with it, and
evsporotlon prevented by covering the
elotb with oil silk. The application waa
made juit at the approach of paroxysm.
Asa result of the application, the par
oxystne was averted, and the patient fell
into a calm and natural alocp. On feeling
a returning paroxysm the same spplication
was made, and the paroxysm again averted.
For forty-eißht hours tho occasionally
threatening tetaotio symptoms immediate
ly yielded to tho spplication cl' chloro
form, and the subsequent convalescence
was very rapid, ' ' ' .. '
. , ArtauiNt! wit ii a Woman, "You
must admit, Doctor," said a witty lad? to
a celebrated doctor of divinity, with whom
she was arguing the question of the "equal,
ity of the sexes," "you most sdmif that
woman was created before msn!"
"Well, really, Madam," said the aston.
iahed divine, 4,I must ask you to prove
your ease." .
That can bo casilj done, Sir. Wasn't
Eve the first maidV "
Non-Continuance of the Freedmen'a
" A considerable effort has been making
for some time from various quarters to in
duce Geo. Howard to recommend the furth
er continuance of the Freedmen'a Durcau,
in the behalf' that bis recommendation
would have' great weight with Congress,
lie said nothing on the question in his
annual report, but contented himself with
assuming that the general work would
close at New Years, and making recom
mendations in that assumption. He has
now, however, discussed that matter in de
tail in a letter to General Drown; Assist,
ant Commissioner for Virginia, and brings
forward bis reasona forclosiog up sll but
the claim, division and educational work,
which the country will probably accept as
conclusive against further continuace of
the Bureau as a whole. His important
letter is as follows:
Washington, D. C, Dec, 1, 18C3.
To Brevet Bttg. Gen. 0. Brown, Astittnnt
Commissioner, Richmond, Va.:
General I have carefully examioed
those parts of your report urging the ne
cessity of continuing the operations of
the Bureau In Virginia. The reasons
presented are worthy of grave considera
tion. I bsve no doubt that a continuance
of the Bureau in these States not yet re
constructed; would, in msny respects, be
beneficial to the freedmen. Put 1 do not
think its continuance absolutely necessary,
or adequate, without aid, to protect their
lives or to seenre to them their political
rights. The primitive object of the Bu
reau, as I understood and interpreted the
law, was to give relief in such a wsy ss
to prepare the freed man for his new con
dition; to aid him during the transition
period from slavery to Ircedom, by a Uni
ted States Apeney, presumed to be free
from local prejudice; to protect him in
the enjoyment of his natural and acquir
ed rights immediately cousequeut on
emancipation; to inaugurate und secure a
system of free Isbor, and to foster aod de
velop education. I thiok much has been
accomplished toward this during the three
years' continuance of the Purenu, and
that we now ought, with the protection
which wise h-gislstion has thrown around
him, to give him a fair trial under its pro
visions. It is very true that in many
arts of the late slave States it is difficult
tor the colored man to get juatico in the
inferior courts. In many counties of all
these States his rights are neglected or
positively disregarded, Among certain
classes a prejudice often amounting to ha
tred, exists, which only time can eradicate.
The conduct of this clues may bo rntruin-
ed by the wholesome enforcement of law,
but can not be rectified by the offi
cers of this Bureau. This I1.11 been so
clearly demonstrated in the States
which havo been reconstructed. My of
ficers and agents have hud very little pow
er, when not supported by tho military or
local civil authority, to protect tho excr-
cite of the right of suffrage or other rights
given by the new Constitution snd recent.
ly enacted laws of the State in the unre
constructed States. This protection can
still be extended in a more summary way
by tho military commander through his of
ficers under tho authority of tho recon
struction acts. All that U needed is a
good set of officers with the right man in
wo ui ui snd.
In your State the admirable system of
military commissioners, inaugurated by
General SchofieSd, if carried out as des
ignated, it seems to ine, will afford all pro
tection guarrsntccd by reconstruction fsws
or the several acta relating to the organ
isation of the iiureau. I am satisfied
that all tho wants in this direction, sug
gested in your report, can and should be
mit by the Post Commander, through or
ders of tho Commanding General. In
I'sct, that if the whole responsibility rests
with him, he csn afford better protection
than is now afforded, when tho responsi
bility is divided between him and tho As
Tho Post Commanders, or other mili
tary officers on duty in your State, can
very properly be instructed with the same
duties now performed b (ho Kcvcnuo of
fleers. The distribution of rations in Vir
ginia, for the last year, has been princi
pally confined to ltichmond and the largo
cities. The same necessity may exist
during the coming wintor. (t is time that
the civil authorities assume this burden.
I am aware that they represent their in
ability to supply the poor and aro prone
to neglect the colored paupers. I am sat
isfied that if their disposition to aid all,
without, diitiction of raco or color, was
equal to their means, there would be little
difficulty in tho way.
So long as the Pureau U continued, or
the goncral government eonttnuos to sup
port the pauper class, tho local authori
ties will neglect to do so. Put if it is
necessary, io order to prevent suffering,
for tho government to continue a limited
issue of supplies, this may be done through
a military officer. The military comman
der has also power, I believe, to enforce
the support of the paupers by. the civil
authorities iu counties which, In bis judg
ment, are able to da so.
I can continue the school work In Vir
ginia, and energize iti operations with all
the mesne at my command. This I bo
lieve to be the wisest expenditure of the
balanco of the funds dovoted to it by law
that esn be made for the freodmen, and
for those white children we can resell uo.
dor the term loyal refugeos. Their ed-.
ucation is more important than all else,
and through schools we can reach the end
we all seek, more directly than in any oth
er way. I am, theroforo, aoxious to be
able to expend as much- aa pos
sible of the appropriation remaining on
hand for educational work, rather . than
use it for purposes whiob can ss well be
accomplished by other means. I hope to
give you all the aid necessary fostfceepiog
up your sohoola. Tho officers left io your
State for the work can continue to act as
adviser and friends of tho freedmen, aod
can exert as much, and perhaps more,
moral influence than tbey do now. ,
I, The, number, it ia true, ..will be limited
but the nature of this duty will necessari
ly carry, item into" all portions of the
State, and bring them iato direct and
constant communication With the freed
men. 1 believe none of us have wished to en
graft the Freedmen'a Bureaii, as a per
msncnt institution, on oar .government.
This being the 'case', its substantial re
moval can easily be effected now as at any.
subsequent time. The, educational relief
is doubly limited, first, by the small bal
ance of funds devoted to this object, and
secondly, by the prompt adoption of the
school system by the several States . .
Following a lojJ rccoastruction, a lit
tle sid, such as the general government
is now affording; in conjunction with the
contributions of beuevoieut societies and
freedmen' themsclvesj wirttey enough t to
aeep live me pcuooi mviicii itu tue oiaie
system shall actually replace our work, as
has been dene already partially, in Tenues
see. The normal schools, academies and
colleges, will of course have to depend
merely, as all such have done throughout
our laud in the past, or private donations.
They are, however, so important to bring
up the standard of education, snd keep
alive a general interest ta it, that I am
anxious to give them this year every pos
sible impulse. Very truly, yours,
0. O. Howard,
Msj. Gen. and Freedmen'a Commissioner.
Courting Our Experience.,
, Text: "A home on the rolliog deep."
Header, have you ever indulged iu that
interesting pastimo so much in vogue
amontt tho human race, known vulgarly
as "courting?'' If so, yoa can appreciate
the feelings of a youth who has been
through the mill and got "skeered," snd
now feels like a "dorg" with its narrative
suddenly abreviated by some wicked ur
chin. Thereby hangs a TAIL. , We are a
susceptible youth. We fall io love with
amazing ease, and experience all the pangs
of lingering death whilst troubled with
the disesse. We adore the feminine por
tion of creation in general, sad until a
few days since, were uncommon sweet oa
one in particular. She wss a "gushing
child of uaturc," as "besutiful ss a but
terfly," eto., eta., or words to (hat effect.
We knew her but to love her, aJ haunt
ed her by day and dreamed of her by
night. "Oft iu the .stilly night" did we
promenade through the streets with the
charming creature hanging on t our. arm,
and feeling as though sugar wouldu't
melt in our mouth. Then would we dream
of future happiness in store for us, and
deem it "bliss iutxpressible" to be thus
near her. Many sweet nothings we whis
kered In her esr snd as she would roll up
her eyes like unto a juvenito of the spec
id lovino In id d)iug inofieutlur big
heart would crawl up into our throat and
almost strangle us, Ah! but those were
indeed tho halcyon days of our courting.
A change cumo over the spirit of our
dreams, and at one fell swoop all our
brightest and fondest hopes were dished
to the ground and forovcr shuttered. One
evening and when wo think of all that
evening brought on us, we shudder and
eure our fate that we wasn't born twins
and our deur brother experienced it in
stead of vs one evening ss we were say
ing mc took our charmer out for t walk,
and as wc strolled through the streets of
the city we were hsppy. (low confident
ly she hung on our arm and tripped along
glancing shyly up into our esgle eyes ever
and auou when we said something more
thsn usually sweet or brilliant.'. There
wss a something in the air on that ill
fated night that mado us feel the bliss we
were enjoying. more than usually. ' We
felt good.. . Uettcr in fart thsn if we bed
ben drinking "larger beer" on a wager
and had won. The hours glided by and
still we walked. A something and now
we think it must have bceu our evil spirit
prompted us to extend our wslk to the
suburbs of the city. It had rained during
the day, and in the course of that walk
we cume upon a place where, as the street
was not improved, there was what appear-
e J to bo a small puddlo of atcr, extend
ing across the street. We didn't want to
turn back. We suggosted to our, sweet
ness that wc could carry her across. She
assented, smiling sweetly. In a trice we
ricked her up and started ou our way.
Well do wo remember how we wished we
could always csrry her thusly. Our heart
bcat.a fearful ruto and our tongue clovo
to the roof our mouth. We wtro in the
seventh heaven of bliaa, and minded not
the fact that the water grew deeper as wo
advanced. The fact that it wss running
over our boot legs and approaching our
knoea did not troubhj us. SVe were harpy
and alasl we stumped our off tdo, ana in
a moment oursclf and sweetness were
floundering in about two feet water, the
odor and taste of which was not improved
very much by the location of two or throe
stables standing near. We seized her by
something, and drsggod her toJsnd,
and after she got through vomiting ,fook
her borne. As we turned to leave ahe
said gently: . . f
"I guess yoa needn't come here' any
more, aa 1 haven't got any use for such
an awkward lout!"
Wo havn't Icon thcro since.
, When to Fish; . ;
An old fithertnan states that if a , man
wanta to catch Gsh whenever he visits the
creek, let him not piok a full moon day
to do it in.' . lie gives a philosophical rea
son for the advuo, whether aound or not
we oannot decide. Ho says . when jthe
moon is full, the nights boiog bright, en
able tho fish to do thoir foraging in . the
night. Of course, having their wanta
supplied, they lie up all day, snd conse
quently there is a scarcity of "bites."
Under a new moon season the fiH have
to sleep at night aud work by day. ; That
makes tho difference in the fisherman's
, What trade is more than full? Fuller.
SENATOR WOnTON ON. FINANCES.
Utter fa fhe New York World.:: :C
rn r.. I. .si. j
The world confsios the following letter
from Senator Morton, of Indiana. ' '
Wasuiucito, November 30.
To tl Editor of tht Neio. York World:
DearSia Id the New York World of
the -8th inst., I find an article from
which I quote the following:, "A telegram
to an evening psper states that Senator
Morton, soon sfier the opening of the ses
sion, will introduce a bill 'directing . the
immediate payment' iu greenbacks ofthat
portion of thv 6 120 bonds iosued five
years ago. ' If this report- be corrcet, the'
course of that Senatcr on this tutjeet is
conspicious for vsillation..Kight months
sgo be was an open - advocate of the so
called greenback theory. " During the
Presidential canvass he publicly recanted.
If he is now about to propose and advo
cate such a measure as that described in
the telegram, hU recantation must have
been a mere political dodge, a feigned sur
render of bis principles to promote the
success of bis psMy. ' ." "
- In the first place, I do not intend to
introduce a bill directing the immediate
payment in greenbacks of that portion of
tie 5 20 bonds issued five years sgo, and
have never said I did, to Secretary Mc
Culloch or any one elae."
In the next place,! did not, during the
canvass, recant what I said in : the Senate
with regard to the payment of the 5-20
in greenbacks. No speech by me' to that
effect has been made. -What I urged
during the canvass wss, that the first duty
of the government was to return to specio
payments, which, when . accomplished
would settle all questions as to the mode
of paying the bouds. I" further urged
that the goveromeut had no right to is
sue new legal tender notes aud make them
applicable to the payment of bonds, ar
guing that such notes could not be msde
to sustain the same relation to the bonds
in law or equity as that sustained ' by the
existing notes, and that the further issue
of such notes would indefinitely postpone
the return to specic'paytuents.
' These propositions were fully stated. io
my speech iu the Senate last summer, in
which I argued lbs legal right of the gov
eriimcnt to use the existing legal teudcr
notes in payment of tho bonds.
X also argued at various times during
the canvass that whatever might be tho
law od the lubject, the govcroiucut could
not pay the bouds, or any considerable
portion, in coin, while the currency re
mained depreciated, and that thu im
provement of the currency, by bringing
it up to plr, was a nticcsnarry condition
precedent lo tho payment of the bonds in
gold; that if the government could not
procure gold enough to redeem (31)5,000,
OOU of legal tender notes, it was ' folly to
talk about paying tho bonds iu gold, that
the question of the modo of paying tho
bonds will become important ouly by con
tinuance of a depraved currency without
taking steps to improve it; that' to take
surplus gold in the Treasury and apply it
to the purchase of bonds in the market
which will not fall due for fourteen years,
would not bo paying the. bonds, but shav
ing them, aud would bo an , improper' uho
of means by which the paper of the gov
ci nmcnt overdue and dishonored would
be reduced. ' " .:..:. -,...
Tboso positions are. not inconsistent
with anything I laid in the Senate.
1 am very respectfully,
0.' P. Morton. ä
How to Court in Church.
A young gentleman happening to lit at
church, in a pew adjoining cue in which
sat a young lady for whom he conceived a
sudden and violent attachment, was de
sirous of entering into a courtship on the
spot, but the place not being suitable for
a formal declaration,' the suggesting
the following plau: Ho politely handed
his fair neighbor a Dible opened, with a
pin stuck in the following text: Second
Kpistle of John, verse 5 "And now I
beseech thee, not aa though I wrote anew
commandment untd theo, bat tint which
we had from the beginning, that we love
She returned it, pointing to the second
chapter of Itutb, tenth verse: Then she
fell on her face, and bowed bersolf to tho
ground, and said to him: Why have I
found grace in thine eyes; seeing I am a
strsngct?" . .
He returned the book pointing to tho
thirteenth chapter of the Third Kpistle
of John: "Having many things to wri!e
unto you, I would not write wilh pan and
ink, but I trust shortly to come unto you
and spcaic face to face that our joy may be
From the above interview a marriage
took place the ensuing week.
1 a ..... , ...
IJostor bossts a preacher who docs a
square piece of work once in a while. He
told his hearers the other day that msny
persons attended church "who might as
well not;, who would get more good from a
troll In , tho fields or In " some other
rational mode'of improvement and enjoy
ment." 'Others he said: went to' church
simply from force of habit it is; mf a
bad habit, at least and the observance of
a time honored custom; othera to be seen
and to see; others to bo "superficially en
enlired by eloquence," and still others to
"pick flaws and make trouble.". We
thought Po&ton was more devout than this
description would lead us to believe, la
faot, it sounds exactly like a faithful de
soription of a Urge. uUsa of poop Is io this
vicinity, , ; . : , , ,
- ToPcnedickh. A married man should
never buy his cigars . on credit, for by
so doing he becomes a weed ower
"Apples trees ' in Florida 'retain' "' their
leavoa throughout the wintor llko ' ever
greens, but they don't bear fruit. 1
Sitka has lets than 1,000 inhabitants.
'. Letter, From Chief Justice Chaie.
IIIS YIEWd ON POLITICAL AFFAIRS. '
The following letter wss written In
April Isst, by Chief Justice Cbae to Hon.
II. W. Hilliard tf Georgia, being drawn
out by a published Utftr from Mr. Hill
isrd . declining to ta a candidate for Coo
cress. but giving bis views of political af-
i w as
a t-i . ,
istrs. i i , ! ...
; ; , WisniNCTON, April, 27, 18C8..'
Dear Six: Some days since I received
from an unknown hand a paper containing
a letter cf yonrs, which 1 read with great
interest. . i
'My acquaintance with- yea when we
were both in Congtess yt.u ia the House
and I in the Senate wss very slight; bat
slight as it was, I take occasion from it to
write you a' few lines, suggested by your
- Kver since the wsr closed I have been
aaxious for the esriiest practicable "resto
ration" of the States of the South to their
proper relations to the other Ststes of the
Union. 1 adopt your own statement of
the problem to be worked out, because 1
agree with you in the opioiou tbst those
"Ststes have never been other than States
within the Union since they became par
ties to the Federst Governmeni, snd that
the failure to maintain their assertions of
independence in the conflict of arms which
followed left them Statea still within the
The point on which I probably differ
from you is this: The people for whom
and through whom these States were to be
organized at the close of the war, waa not,
as I thiuk the same people as that which
existed in them when the war began.
In my judgment the refussl of the proprietary-class,
if it may be so called, to
reeognice this fact and its legitimate snd
indeed logics! cousequences, and the con
victions of large tnsjorities in the free
States which adhered to the national gov
ernment in respect to it, caused most of
the trouble of the last three years.
I have not time to go at large into this
subject; but I rosy say briefly tbat eman
cipation came to be regarded by these ma
jorities as a military necessity; that the
faith or the nation waa pledged ty - the
proclamation of emancipation to maintain
the emancipated people io the possession
and enjoyment of the freedom it conferred;
ttut to this end the amendment of the
Constitution prohibiting slavery through
out the United States was proporcd aod
ratified; that, becoming freemen, the eman
cipated people became necessarily citisens,
aud that as citizens the were entitled to
be consulted in respect lo reorganisation,
and to the mesne of sclf.protection by snf-
fisge. This Is a very brief, but t thiuk a
perfectly correct, statement, of what nosy
be called, for, tho sake of brevity, the
Northern view of this matter. It would,
perhaps, be more correct to call it the loy
al view North and South, using the word
loyal aa distinguishing the masses who
support the National Government from the
mat-tea who oppotcd it during the war.
Now, tho particular matter to which 1
wish to draw your attention is, whether
policy and duty do not require the clasa
which I have called proprietary, meaning
thereby the educated aod cultivated men
of the South, whether property holders or
not, to accept this view fully and act up
1 Is it possible to doubt that, hsd this
view beco accepted and acted upon three
years ago, after the surrender of Lee snd
Johnson, the Southern States would have
been richer to-day by hundreds of millions'
than they are, snd that long sgo universal
amnesty after the removal of all disabili
ties would have prepared the hearts of men
on both sides for a real Union. Can it be
a matter 'of question that the eolorcd vot
ers, finding iu the educated classes true
friendship, evinced by full recognition ot
their rights aod practical acts of good
will, would have gladly giveu to those
classes subhtantinlly their old lesd loaf
fairs, directed now, however, to Union and
not to disunion; to the benefit of all, and
uot exclusively to the benefit of a class?
; I observe that you ssy that the "at
tempts to esrry on the Government with
the privilege of universal suffrsge incur
poratcd as one of its elements ia full of
danger." Danger is the condition of all
governments; because no from of govern
ment insures wise and beneficent admin
istration. Put I beg you to consider, is
thcro uot a greater danger without than
with uuiveital suffrage? You can not
make aulTrage less than universal for the
whites, and will not the attempt to dixcri-
minste excite such jealousies aud Ill-feeling
as will postpone to a distant time what
scums so essential, namely, the restoration
of general good wilt aod bringing into
lead tho educated men and the men of
property, and so securing the best aud
most beneficial administration of affairs
fur all clssses. Tske universsl suffrsge
and universal amnesty, and all will be
well. Caa j ou, my dear sir, devote your
fine powers to better work than complete
restoration ou this basis?
Very' truly and respectfully, yours,
" ' - S, P. I'll AS E.
: Hon.. Henry W. Uilliard. . . . ,
. How to Build in Ice-Houie. ,
A building eight feet high, and eight
by twelve on the ground, would doubtless
be of . sufficient capacity for four fstuilien
and allowing one-fourth of the ice to go to
. Many persons build lee houses by
dsolng the sills directly on the ground;
ut our experience is that the ice will
ttep better if the building Is entirely sup
ported by upright posts, which we would
prefer to have embedded in charcoal. This
Hows a free circulation of air under the
building, and provides for suitable drain
age. The only difference between build
ing an ice-house and any other building
is that it mutt be a double building one
inside of the other at least so far as the
wills are coucerned.
The space between the wall will depend
upon the efficiency of the non-conductor
u'cd for fillip; if it ia tv t putrerixed
TER M 8 OF A O V C ft-TICIUO.
Ose saare, (IS üas,) ss lssrtits........(t ta
s iqtar,'tv tassntsw?.-rTr..-;.r: "St
.ss soaars, three Istartlssi. f '
AU saVseasst lasertiMM, p laasr SS
Oas astasia, slsafsaVfs asrtsrty.r.tTl t
Tars-artsrt cf a solw t VZ... -V. .."S f tT
Oae-salf sf a oles.... ...vi tS
Oas-essrtsr eta cslaa...-,VM.tMta? M
Oae-etiata sf a seisms . .Tin
Trsssisst sevOTt(ate sksaU la aU sasss ke
pel feri a Strasse. -: : -J7
Calsss a f ertieelar tiase f s r-?1 rv-i Is 4-4
i tB,e4rttssts wll t - ' t". : J t -.'! si
sers4 sat ssS sSars4 af-.jl(
charcoal, six inches would be suGcieat,
bei if saw-dvat or spent tan bark U o La
the material,, then a foet. would be. !
pn-per distance.. The roof may be made
double, like the well, but it is a ehesper'
plan to make 'a floor a cross fr o the'
eaves; which may be covered on' top wit,
loose saw-d est. If this plan' be adopted,:
the walls ot tie gable ends may be siogU,.
sad a door can be cut through one of
them and through the floor across the
leaves, through which the ice esn be pease!'
uiu iuc uuuaiug. i ts weti o ai viae -oat
a few feet on each end of the. buildieaj.for,
a cooling room for. milk, or a room for
keeping fresh feeat and vegetables. The
doors leading' into or cat of this roota
should be doubled like the -wall, and may
he either fitted, with heavy '.hi tgea ;
made to slide. An ice houu sbvald be.
opened but once a day, which should be
as esrly in the morning as possible. "
A Work To Kentucky Ku-KIux.
It wss biped thkt the election tf Granti
and Colfax would cause, ; oucto, the
ditaolntion of all otgsaixation in the
Southern States formed to resist, supple
ment or act without rrgaid To the local or
Federal laws; that the people ia ill that
!unfortuate country would see at once the.
uecetM'y of e'sying the band cf vindictive,
justice befoie it was uplifted to smite 'hepi,,
but we seriously fear our Lopes cf this ex
pected and desired change in the tern per
iod actions of this people will Le dissp
pointed. Outrsges have bcoome aUru.
ingly frequent again by , bands ci Ku-;
Kluxee, and the men who compose thetu.
seem to be increasing ia boldness. He-'
pecially is this, the esse in Centrsl Ken-'
lucky, on both aides on the Kentucky rir-f
er. We would earnestly in vile the uem-
bers of these bands, the men who aro com
mitting these outrsges, aa well as the
comm unities which tolerate Ihem; to the
following plaiu statements: It is weih
known, by the proper persons,' who com,
pose these bands. Their."capuins" end.
their "privates" as well as their familiar
haunts have been noted, there is nothing1
that prevents the arrest and punishment'
of every one of them, but the work of Aa-e
drew Johnson. We have long sisce ceas
ed to expect their arrest from the civil'
authorities of Kentucky. They are sp-:
rsreutly too much iu sympathy with the.
bands either in their personal welfare or
their avowed object to molest theo
Their punishment must sod will cone from
a higher and more important source than
that of the State authorities.. But a few
moults wilt now elspce before tho mir
who slsys the hand that will wield the rod
of punishment will be stripped of bis su-
thority, to be succeeded by one who his
declared that he will punish these men.'
We know, too, that these bands are large-'
ly composed of the sons of the weslthy.
and respectable families of Kentucky but,
we alio know that neither mucey nor re
sticctsbilily will ssve soy of tbctu from'
the clutches of the law. We believe tbat
at a giveu signal, cue half or two-thirdi
of the members of this, organisation the.
spies and informers as well as regular, e
tive members could bo arrested in an
hour of each other. Now, if these bands'
eontinuo their organisations, it mattere'
not under what pietense, . until the new;
Administration comes in, this knowledge'
of the tue ho compose them will to im
mediately made available for breaking
them up by foico, and punishing the lead-
lug men. We ate also convinced of aa
other fact in regard to these hands, vis..
that oo ffcUl diuuucutioQ 1 1' tho organ
ization by the, Governor or pretended
hostile legislation ly the General Astern'
bly of Kentucky, or apobpitica'coiifcs
lion of weakness by the State Coo rur will
serve to shield these men, ThrsQ baed
must La destroyed, and they will be de
stroyed, acd if the incoming Administra
tion is compelled to give the word for their
destruction, it will mean summary'' and"
effective work.' ' We then, in conclusive,;
counsel the misguided men who compote,
them to dispcroe at once, aod study to at
tend to their own business, sllowing every
man to hold and express bis opinions' suvf
do as he likes, restrained only by the eqo.il
lows of the Is nd. if you do this, it will
be well for you snd for jour Stats. . If too.
will not, you must aud will be forced to
We would not multiply words In regard
to this matter, but we can not too earn-
estly impress upon thoso interested the
necessity of at once putting an end to all
such societies. No man hss a right to
disturb another's liberty or property, unJ
less he is an officer of the law and acts in
secordatice with its instructions. This la
the vital prinvfplo of our government, and
it will be amply vindicated by the Ad
miui'trslion of Gen. Grant.' It is now
the business of these disturbers of the
peace in Kentucky to see that this prin
ciple is not made illustrious in Iheir con
dign punishment, A disposition lo ccsse
from evil wilt be cherished io all tie
Southern trople by a Pepubliean Admin
istration, but a disposition to do evil will
be steruly audi rigorously , punished.-?
Gazette, fr, ,. , . . .
A Miss'ourtan infortusd a traveler1 hn'
inquired about Ms'eerti) that enrfc stalkj
had nioe cars ou it, and iwss .tijVcfi'frtt
high. j - , , , , , i .- i ... . i.
"That a nothing to our corn," replied
the traveler. "Up in Illinois where'!
came from, we always had nine ears'' sVs
each stalk, and a peck f eheiled rtra
banging ta each Issssl, but we Ciuld CCVt
er raise any field beans with it." ,
"Why? " ' ; -'"
" Iters oss the corn grew' to fast that It
always pulled the beans up." 1 ' " 4
- r 1
Why is au, omnibus strap, lile,.
science?. Pecauss it is aa ikward 'check
upou the: outward man. ' !" ' " i
, ."I dida't like or miui-tcr's airmen fs
Sunday,! said a deacon, who had slept all
sermon tiütg, to a brother daoob.'"Itdae
like it, brother A ? ' Why, I law yot te4
ding assent to every proposition. f tV
speaker." t . !;, ..,., t
xml | txt