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The Evansville journal. (Evansville, Ind.) 1834-184?, September 04, 1845, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84023914/1845-09-04/ed-1/seq-2/

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If otOmat'i weal, but that of Rome.
(Kj-The public will find in to-days paper
a Circular from the "Protection Insurance
Company of JIartford, Conn., addressed to
the Agent in this place, John Mitchel, Esq.
We believe this is a very safe institution, so
arranging its risks as not to expose heavy
amounts to the possibility of destruction by
a single fire; and the promptness wilh which
all claims are met will be an inducement to
Western merchants and traders to give this
office a preference.
See the advertisement of W. & C. Fel'
lows in to-day's paper.
Also, the advertisement of T. &E.Slevin
of Louisville.
There is very little of interest floating
through the newspapers," in fact we never
knew them so bare as at present. This fact,
together with the heat of the weather and
r,np nr f woollier reasons we could sive, will
account for the barrenness of our columns
this week.
Flocb in New York. The New York Ex
I press says that the s?Jes of flour in the city
last week, for the English market, were full
20,000 barrels, establishing an advance of
from IS to 25 cents per barrel. The sales
of provisions were also large, and at an ira
Odd Fellows' Celebration The
members of Si rangers Rest Lodge of Hen
derson, Ky., turned out in full strength on
Friday last for the purpose of consecrating
their new Hall. They were assisted by
- number of the order from this and o.her
places. After the usual ceremouies on such
vwwuiwut w w WK IT l o IUIIU
iir ;i if ii w wprp rrpr n rirnpuCQinn n?ae fj-irm-
cd and the order proceeded to the Court
House, to hear an address from the Rev.
Mr. Allen. We were not present Juring
the entire delivery of the address, but we
heard it highly spoken of by those who were
mure lonunate man ourseir. j ue dinner, to
' which the citizens of other places were invi
ted, was an elegant affar, and did grea t credit
bersof the-order in Henderson. Ahoaeth
er the meeting was a pleasant one, and will
not be forgotten soon by those who were
present - - :
Odd Fellowship in ENGLAxn.-The week
ly contributions of the Odd Fellows are two
or three pence from each member. Some idea
of the magnitude of the association in that
country may be formed from the fact that the
amount of money in the treasury of the or
der does not fall short of seventeen millions
dollars, and the annual distribution in relief
to the members and other charities in $!,
500,000. The number of members is about
200,000. The sums expended for charita
ble purposes, may be estimated as arTordintr
means of subsistence for fifteen thousand fam
ines wbose maintenance lias been cut off
by sickness or other afflictions.
0ZT Ihe inducements held out by the
advocates for war to the young and patriotic
bloods of the United States Jo enlist in
crusade against Mexico, are very flatterinHy
and enticingly set forth, and cannot fail to
have the desired effect upon those, who
paving nothing under heaven to lose, either
in character or purse, are ever ready join
any expedition that promises theleast change
, from their present mode of life. For the
especial benefit of the class above spoken of
we mention the fact that, according to the
report of an expert geologist, Von Gerold,
diamonds have been discovered in the Mex
ican ' mountain range of Sierra Madre, in
- the direction of Acapuleo, to the south west
of the city of Mexico. These mountains
are principally in possession of wild tribes,
a circumstance, says an contemporary, which
accelerates the intrusion of North Ameri
cans, and hastens the taking possession of
them by strangers. Such are the arguments
used to arouse the passions of the people of
this country agaiDst a neighboring republic.
Those who doubt their success know nothin"
at all of the unprincipled character of the
ignorant and unlettered portion, which is, at
the same time a large portion, of the people
of the south and south wesL
The majority of Robert Dale Owen is lr
030, So much for the theological works of
our neighbor of the Journal. Louistille
So the election of Mr. Owen is to be re
garded as a triumph of his anf i-christiaa prin
r.ioles. Well, people know best whatthev
mean themselves when they vote for a man.
U. S. Gazette.
Read the above, ye who failed in your
duty. Your opponents may well call it a
triumph of anti-christian principles, when we
remember we were told previous to the elec
tion that uatil christians practiced what they
preached, infidelity would reign iu tb; district.
KrWe learn from the New Orleans Pic
ayune, that Uenerat uaines, commauumg
the Southern military division of the U. b.,
has made a demand on the Governor of
Louisiana for one thousand men or more for
the national service, and that the Governor
promptly made a requisition on Gen. Lewis,
commanding the first division of Louisiana
militia, for the required force, viz: two regi
ments of volunteers, of ten companies each,
one of them to consist of musketeers, and
one ot riflemen, and two companies of ar
tillery with eight field pieces. The requi
sition was immediately responded to and the
whole of the artillery force pf New Orleans
volunteered their services and have been ac
cepted. We "notice in the New Orleans pa
pers calls for meetings of the officers of tne
Washington Regiment and Louisiana Volun
teers, two well drilled and finely uniformed
regimen's; in a word, says the Picayune, the
question is not who will be suffered to re
main at home, but who will be permitted to
eo. This aemana oi uen. uaiues is saiu
mi. , i r. - ; j
to be consequent upon authentic informa
lion which has reached him of' the advance
of 10,000 Mexican troops to a poiut within
eight days' march of Gen. Taylor's quarters,
The Picayune intimates that 10,000 troops
could be raised in Louisiana at a moments
notice. In fact we know Louisiana, Missis
sippi, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee and Ar
kansas, are' ripe for a fight of the kind, aurl
will press their troops upon the Government
so strongly as to leave the more northern
States but slight opportunity for display. Be
ing nerest the scene of action the preference
will of course be given the southern volun
FROM YUCATAN. The schr. Argus,
Capt. Suares, arrived at New Orleans on the
8th inst., 10 days from Liguna. She ,re
ports that on the 5th inst. a Mexiian brig
of war two days from Vera Cruz, arrived at
Campeachy with the proclamation of Garcia
Condo,the Mexican Secretary of War, set
ting forth the intention of the Mexican gov
ernment to declare war against the United
States, and calling npo'i the government of
Yucatan to furnish their quota of troops t o j---sistthe
GeneralGovernraent. The authorities
after deliberating for four hours upon the de
mand of theSecretary,relurned an answer'thal
in case of an invasion of their own territory by
the United States, that they would raise a
sufficient force to repel the invaders, but
that they could not assist in furnishing troops
to Mexico, in a war against the United
States." .
Letters received at New Orleans from Mal-
amor3s under date of the 10th inst. says
Oa the 23 of July, the Government sub
mitted to Congress a declaration of war a-
gainst the United States the said declara
tion to be made when there is news of the
arrival of American troops in Texas. But
the Covernment recommends to Congress to
act on a bill authorizing a loan of fifteen
millions of dolars previous to acting on the
war bill. It appears that the loan is com
pletely negotiated at least so the official
paper gives us to understand.
By a despatch from the Mexican Consul at
N. Orleans, the general commanding this
poiut has been informed of the shipment of
troops and artillery at N. Orleans, destined
for Corpus Christi and Bexar. These troops
amount to 2000 men.
With regard to the movements of the troops
here, we know positively that all the points
along the line of the river will soon be cover
ed Arista h is about 3000 menjGen. Tare
des is coming to Montevey with about four
or five thousand Geu. Gaona is coming also
with 3000 and Gen B jstamente goes to New
Mexico. Thus far, however, notwithstand
ing'.these preparations, I believe that hostili
ties are not so imminent as might at first be
-I i. rni . .
uiougm. i nere is no uenerai-m-chiel ap
pointed yet -no contracts for the necessary
suplies of a campaign, or a serious incursion
into 1 exas.
Some persons generally well informed,
think that the Govrument needs money great
ly and is disposed to hold up the prospect of
a war, to get the loan approved. The hope
that foreign intervention will soon put an
end to the difficulties between the two coun
tries seems to be a the bottom of the ideas
of litis government, which on the other hand
if we may credit letters recently received
the capital, appears to be threatened with a
new revolution.
By the next mail we shall probably have
the debates of Congress on the loan bill and
'the war, and will then be better able to sec
into the future.
Yours respectfully,
PRESSED. A little more than a year ago,
the Albany Argus, an Administration paper,
in some remarks upon toe subject ' of a war
wilh Mexico, and the belligerent tone of a
portion of the political press and certain dem
agogues of the day, said :
"It would be well for such politicians to re
member that war is not, as popul ar as in form
er times. People begin to reflect and com
pare its results before they plunge into its
miseries. It is perceived that ware under
taken for the extension of dominion exah
the leaders and managers, while they crush
and impoverish the masses.
"Trappings of the war-horse and the glit
ter of armed legions tickle the fancy and
please the eye, but the people see that they
place a Jacjen weight upon the hand ol honest
labor. It is for this reason, that true states
men regard war undertaken for such selfish
purposes as one of the greatest kvili that
CAN AFFLICT a coustbv."
Q-The New York Courier states, on what i
it deems to be reliable authority, that the,
steamer Acadia, which left Boston on the
10th July, took out extensive orders, (and
other conveyances will no doubt take out si
milar orders,) to England to purchase and
ship to Texas foreign merchandize, to arrive
and enter there at the existing rate of duties
and there awaft the action of Congress on
annexation; when that act is thus completed
all these goods being ipso facto, entered
merchandize as much so as if in New York,
Charleston, New Oileans, or any other Amer
ican port, and can be transported coastwise
or interior to any of our other States. We
simply state the fact--leaving the remedy to
those whose duty it 13 to see that existing
laws are faithfully executed. If no preven
tive be adopted, then the fair dealer is injur
ed and the revenue is defraudedthe whole
nation in fiict is made to suffer for the bene
fit of a few, who are more shrewd than hon
The following paragraph respecting Amer
ican Ministers at the Court of St. James, is
fiom the last of N. P. Willis's letters from
London, now in the course of publication in
the New York Mirror:
"It is more a matter of rejoicing to Amer
icans abroad, than Congress supposes, when
Foreign Ministers are the kind ot men, in
manners and mental culture, to do credit to
the country. Mr. McLean's appointment as
minister to England is a worthy succession to
that of Mr. Everett two more admirable rep
resentatives are little likely to appear a. the
English court for auy nation. . 1 was dining
a day or two since with a former member ot
the Queen's Cabinet, and in ihe London pa
pers of that mornuigMr. Mc. Lean's appinut
rnent had been announced. . Our host spoke
of Mr. McLean and afterwards of Mr. Ev
erett, with a whole hearted tribute to theii
qualities as men and d'p'omatists, that would
have gratified the friends of these gentlemen
not a little; and, indeed, wherever I go, Mr.
Everett is lauded without measure. lie has
been in London in a trying time for a repre
sentative. Our national credit- lumped with
out distinction of Stales in one sweeoing dis
honor has been like a visible cloud about
him wherever he has appealed, and he has
been waited on, of course, by commiKees on
questions he could not answer wi.hout pain
and mortification; fw 1, U.ro.ig'i nil this, he
iTssiert'lIly r set. :;i the ' respoct of those
round him, and now stands personally higher
(so 1 was assured by one who spoke with
authority) than nny diplomatic representative :
now at the English court. At another pTty
( heard a very tine description given of the ei" ,
feet of his sigular eloquence upon one of
these committees. They had felt, in deliv
ering what they had to say, that they had
placed him, as the respondent in position of
overwhelming embarrassment. His reply
was waited tor wilh a sympathy for him as a
raan. - From every one of these gentlemen
however, he "drew tears," (so the descr'ber
states) and they left h's house enchanted with
ihe man, if not more content with what he
had to offer on the part of his country. Sure
ly the difference between such a represen
tative and others who are capable of being
sent .-thread, is worth the country's looking
at and influencing."
Collection of Debts in Texas. The
Texians have no notion of being caught nap
ping. Acorrerpondcnt of the Cincinnati Her
ald gives an amusing account of these debt
We compile the following from the Texas
National Register of the 10th mlt:
Mr. Armstrong, on the 2Gtli June, asked
leave to introduce a bill barring certain
chums, debts, judgements, &c, which he
said, he would read and explain how it was
connected with the subject of annexation.
The object of the bill was to prevent the
collection of claims against the inhabitants of
Texas ly citizens of the United States.
Air. Armstrong said there were many wor
thy citizens in many of the counties who
would be relieved by a bill of this nature."
"Worthy?" "Relieved!" no doubt. "There
were a great number of persons in this repub
lic, he had no doubt in the world, who wouM
oppose the measure of annexation, unless
they thought their rights and interests would
be garded and protected by the action of
Mr. Smith, of Fannin, was opposed to ihe
Dili, lie said
lt .n, . ,i , ...:.u Iii ...
mands against those who have emigrated to
this ro.mirv from nw nfiho s,.,,ov, vu
measure of annexion. h miA ua i
carried bv a narcel of r,P.,,nlA h,Q
into the country very lately; and now they
wanted to get rid of paying their hones:
debts r '
"Why, sir," continued Mr. Smith, '.'as 1
came from home on my way here, I passed
through a people who were about to hang
me; not three out of five of whom had been
in the countiy long enough to take the oath
of allegiance ; and these , people wanted to
control my vote!"
This is Texas moral suasion, we suppose.
Vote to exonorate us from our just, debts
or we'll hang you! Mr. Smith is a credit to
the family. He talks like an honest man and
a man of sense.
Mr. A. replied: "Many have came to this
country under adverse and very embarrass
ing circumstances." .True as the book.
You one of the "many?" Eh, Mr. Armstrong,
"The very idea of being again harras3ed is
enough to tebkifv them, and drive them
into opposition to the great measure of an
nexation." There was a good deal further debate on
the bill, and it wag somewhat amended, but
finally carried by a vote of 22 to 17. So
the honest Texians are pretty effectually
protected against their creditors in the
The River, has been slowly rising for a
few days past and is in a condition for boats
of iiirdiumsize to ru i.
Notice to Would-be Heroes. We sup
pose that the following notice from the Wash
ington Union willl be a sore disappointment
to tens of, thousands aspirants for' military
For the information of numerous gallant
citizens who will wish to avail themselves of
a rupture with Mexico, we deem it proper to
state, that we have learned trom the waroe-
partment, that the preseul military establish
ment can in no event be increased without
TnE previous legislation of Congress ;md
ot course, there will be no such appointments
to be made until first authotized by law.
The militia only can be called out in aid of
the regular army, as now by riw established
There are now attached to the army super
numerary graduates ot the military academy
hi tor the most active and important ser
vice. We are happy to notice the siinis of
patriotism and chivalry which have been ex
cited throughout the Republic by the first
whisper of impending war. Ihe gallant of
ficers of our army and navy, eager for dis-
inciiou in an honest cause, are literally in-
nndjiing the departments with their praise
worthy applicaoons for active service; w'hile
the people present an almost undivided front
Against the mctvacing attitude assumed by
Mexico. . Whole companies of cizens, we
understand, have volunteered their aid in
any efforts which the Government may as
sic;'.! tiiem iu the event of hostilities; and,
should a general call be made by the na;on
for volunteers, who can doubt the alacrity
with which it would be answered by mult
tudes of fearless spiiiis from" every section of
ihe country and especially lrom the great
valley of the West?
BigamV. The New York True Sun says
A female, named Jane Ann Hamer, alias
Cornelius, alias Watts has been arretted and
fully committed on the charge of bigamy, she
having peen married on the 24 of December,
1842, by T. J. Wright, a Presbyterian cler
gyman of color, to a colored man named
Henry Cornelius, and on the 18th Decem
ber, 1S13, agi-in being married, by the Rev.
Mr. Chase, to George Watts a white man;
and, to mend the matter, the first husband
acknowedged that he was aware of his wife's
second marriage, and that he lived in the
family as waiter, &c, without saying a word
respecting it.
Mammoth Remains. A letter dated at
N-wbuigo, in Oiange county, New York,
states that the remains ofan immense masto
don have recently deen discovered and ex
humed about six milus west of that place.
"This (says the lettei) is the fourth skele
ton ol the mammoth that has been discover
ed in ?ki3 county; but while all the, others
have heed imperfect, many of the bones nev
er havin" been discovered, this one is entire.
every bone having Jeen found, even to the
small bones of the feet and tail, and in a com
plete state ol preservation -the enamel on
the teeth being as perfect as if lrjthc mouth
of a living animal. An idea of the size of
the monster may be formed when I state the
skull alone weighs seven hundred pounds.-
The tusks are over niae feet long. Across
the hip bones he measures about seven feet.
The posit inn'of the animal at death was clear
ly discernible. lie had evidently became
mired, and had settled down on his haunches
with his forelegs spread out, and in this pos
ture he was found."
The. next Congress. We copy the. fol
lowing from National Intelligencer of Satur
day the 23d.
. - - i
The House of Representatives has all
been elected with the exception of six mem
bers from Maryland and four from Mississip
piand four vacancies,one each from Flori-
j da, Massachusetts, Maine and New llamp
' shire. There are also two vacancies from
death one in New Jersey and one Louisi-
ana. we give a statement oi me pontic ai
character ot the House so far as elected, and
a comparison in thejsarne point of view with"
the former Congress Wuigs seventy-hve
Democrats one hundred and twenty-seven
Natives six: showing a Whig gain of 5, and
a Democratic loss of 12. Of the members
who voted for Mr. McKay's bill for the alter
ation of the Tariff at the last session of Con
gress, and were candidates for "reelection,
! 13 have been superseded,
of whom 12 have
; leen succeeded by Wh,gs& Natives. Of those
"ho voted aga.nst it, and were candidates
i re-election, 10 are superseded, of whom
1 nne have been succeeded by
Whigs and
,i Natives.
It now appears that two birds have been
killed by the same stone, as we learn by the
following paragraph in the Maysville Eagle,
of the 20th ull.
"Axotiier Effect. We learned verbal
ly, on yesterday morning, tiiat lire excite
ment manifested in Lexing.on, and through
out Fajette and the adjoining counties, had
also similarly compelled the suspension ol
the 'Christian lutelligencer,' a methodist pa
per published in Georgetown, Scott county.
The editor of the Intelligencer, though Ac
cused of abolitionism, pertinaciously disa
vowed such sentiments. . He was, however,
strong in his condemnation of the men and
the measures, the purposes and action of the
late Louisville convention. His paper has
thus been involved in a common fate with
its avowed anti-siavery cotemporary at Lex
ington. The total unmberof letters delivered in
the United Kingdom in the year 1844, was
two hundred and forty-two millions, which is
an increase of nearly twenty-two millions on
the previous year. The number before the
reduction of the rale was seventy-five million"?.
More Troops. The 'steamers Domain
and Plymouth passed this place on Sunday
ast having "on board four companies of the
5th regiment of infantry, Col. Brooks com
manding, destined for Texas.
Canal Letting. We clip the following
from the Covington "People's Friend:"
The Letting of division No. 5 of the Wa
bash and Eiie Canal, in this place on last
Monday, resulted in the contract from Cov-
nglon to rerrysville being taken by M. uoo-
kins and II. Barnes of the latter place and
from Perrysville to Coal Creek by II. Iler
ineling. . 1 -
Shocking Fate. The following is an
extract of a letter from an officer of the U.
Stales sloop of war Falmouth, at Pensacola
"About two weeks since, one of our crew,
an old man, who was at the time.unwell.fell
overboard during the night tune unobserved
by any one he was not missed until the
morning. About a week afterwards a shark
was caught on board the Saratoga, and on
opening (horrible to relate) the head of the
old man was found it was sent on board of
our ship and recognised. His name was
James Griffin, quarter master, and he had a
family somewere in the United Stales, 1
ihink it would be well to publish it foi their
We find in the New Hampshire Patriot,
the following paragraph:
"We have in a former number alluded to
the fact, that a majority of llie clerkships at
Wasliingion are iu the possession of bitter
Federalists and foes to ihe administration.
We hope to see this mailer set right. We
shuuld be glad to know what claims any Fe
deraiist hns to an office under tiiis adminis
Here is one of those sudden and naadvis
ed outbreaks, whicli sometimes disclose the
state of feelings, and the i.hiiiute deieimi
;Mion ot a party. "VYuat claims lias any
iederolist to au .office undei this admmis
tration?" Now th's is the very spirit of Ja
cobiui?m the ultraism of that impudence
whic'i has always a wender at the existence
of vivi ue, where vice has worked itself into
a maioii.v.
What right has a Federalist to an office
under this admiii'siuuion? The right of
having well and faithfully discharged the du
Pe3 ot tiiatoiiice; liie iignl ol being of the
countiy for whicn that office was instituted
fs it pirty Jtloae that gives rlht to office?
Then the Federalist has a rigoltoit by biog
of the party of Washington, the fatherof the
nation. Perhaps it is the irefsury Depart
meot! luen he has a party light, as hem
of the party of Hamilton, the founder and or
derer of that department; the mmi who, wit
;i ui'iid that has never since been equalled
so arranged that department, that in all th
mutations of pjily, no Secieia'y has ever
been able to Ciiange its p'aos for the better
BnV perhaps, the rutnot menns--what
right bus a Federalist lo ofiice uderan anti
mleral antipnisiiatioiif II so, 'uen tne
worst form of Jacoi''iTca! ' piracy is avowed
Office, without regnid io qual;fliv"ion, is the
rewiMil of scoundrelism of auv kind, that
w!ll insure the dec. ion of a man who has it
thus at h's bestowal. Public good, nationn
convenience, common hone?iy, have noihin
to do with qnaiincaiMwi. uut won lue man
who has" fh"v 'id fiiihfnllv discharged its.
ei: ou!
wi h Ii'tii, i( he is a Federali
and thrust info his plr.ee a Jacobin, as a re
ward for the fraud of Plaquemines, or the
violence of the- Empire Ciub. Never ask
for character, bubi;s,or pursuits it isenoug'i
that the possessor of the nUke is a Federal
ist. We do not know that we have ever be
fore heard Jacobism so openly avowed. It
has been a custom to ease off the outrage,
by talking ol routine iiioffice, of refcninglo
some special cppabilities in tne newly sp-
po'nted; but success in various quarters be-
ifets bolcloes?, and preven's can ion, and the
New Hampshire Patriot comes out with the
di?"raceful doctrines that no imn should
hold a clerkship who is a Federalist. It is
not difficult to see that nothing more is want
ed, than the general prevalence of this senti
ment, to produce entire anarchy, or to estab
lish a fixed cliiss of ptnple who are to live on
the public crib, in virtue ol their political
principles, the only viilue that can be impu
ted to these principles. JJ. S. Gazette. '
If the moral sense of the people were not
blunted by habit and party zeal, it seems to
us that there would be a general burst of in
dignation againsllhe heartlessness wilh which
mutations in office are decreed ai.d carried
into effect as the result of every election in
"which power changes hands. The rights
and even duty of an admistration to place
important offices in the charge of those who
will co-oporafe in its policy and measures,
with the zeal of parlizans as well as the faith
fulness ofduty, we have never denied; but
this cannot justify the sweeping destitution
of all office holders, no matter how unimpor
tant, and that with the most reckless disre
gard of the personal distress that-may be
caused. There are numberless instances
where men have grown old in the enjoyment
of petty offices, or have been appointed to
them at advanced period of life; where the
emoluments have supplied a modest yet suf
ficient resource agiinst actual want, ami the
cessation ot those emoluments must be fol
lowed by great anxiety and difficulty too
probably by actual suffering.
Snrely thre could be no danger to an arb
ministration dealing tenderly with cases like
these; the safety of Democratic institutions
and the Democracy itself cannot be so en
dangered by allowing here and the an aged
man, perhaps with an aged wife dependant
on him, to remain for the little space he has
to live in the occupancy of some village post
office, for the duties of which Le is capable
and the slender income of which gives him
bread for his hunger and fuel to comfort his
enfeeb'ed limbs in winter. We cannot be
lieve that there is any valid excuse, not to say
any overbearing necessity, for turning these
time-worn citizens out of the humble yet suf
ficient harbor of refuge which has been pro-
ided for . the evening of their days by tha
considerate benificence of a proceeding ad- ,
ministration, though the men of that admin
istration, had been placed in office by the
votes of citizens who do not call themselves
the Democracy."
A case has came to our knowledge, com
munication of which to the public ought, we
nnk, to raise a blush on the cheeks of the
men -by whose action it was caused. A ven
erable gentlemen who, who m his better days
of strength and capacity to serve his count
ry, has done good service in many posts of
egislative duty who has been a member or
Congress Senator in the legislature ot this
state, a trustee of Union College, a Regent
of the University and whose father and fa
ther-in-law were active and prominent men
in the war of the Revolution this gentleman
was appointed in 1811 to a minor post office -
in this State, the income of which just ena
bled him to live in moderate comfort, and to
the duties of which he has given all his time
and attention. He has -been all his life . a
Whig and he is a Whig still but since his
appointment he has conformed punctiliously
to the spirit of President Tyler's famous cit-k
cular, and ceased taking any active pari in e-
ections, although he , has always voted as a
Whig. . ' . '
We would be glad notlo believe ; that for
this he bad been ejected from the office ;but
ejected he has been, and there . is no other
assigned or imaginable cause. " There is no
whisper even so far as we learn, of incom
petency, or neglect, or of undue zeal and ac
tivity as a politician; simply for not voting
with the democratic party be is displaced
and reducedjjn the evening life, with failing
energies, and a spirit on which the chills of
bge have cast their deadening shadow, to
look about for the means of gaining bread
wherewith to supply the wants of himself &.
his time-wota partner, who in maidenhood
bore a name at the sound of which every
American heart should swell with patriotic
gratiude. The daughter of a man who held
back neither his wealth nor his toil nor his
blood in the cause of the struggling colonics
may not close the evening of life in the en
joyment of a trifling income supplied by a
pretty office under the Government of the
great republic, because her husband has vo
ted a Whig ticket, and because the Presideut
f that republic thinks his interests may be
promoted by transferring the few hundred
per annum to a politician of another creed!
It is mournful pitiable but it is so. N. 1.
Com. Advertiser.
" RANCE.'V;tv '..;'.".
It is not less melancholy to our readers than
to ourselves, says - the Richmond Whig that
vie should so frequently dwell upon the la
mentable fact of the great ignorance in order
the people, not only of Virginia but ol the
whole'couniry may become more enlightened.
We mean the masses. " ' .' '
We have always heard that Virginia has
within her bounds a large number of ; white
citizens, over the age of twenty years, who
know not what it is to enjoy the blessings of
an enlightened mind, or the effects of educa
tion. But we have never the remotest idea
that the mother of States possessed so much
more ignorance than others, when the num
ber of inhabitants were taken into considera
tion. It seems, however, by a table publish
ed, which was taken from the late census,
that a picture of Virginia's ignorance is there
drawn, calculated at . once to crimson, th
cheek of every intelligent reader. , -
Our State is here held in contrast with all
the other States, and then is proved to behind
not one ot them in ignorance! But there is
a brighter era drawing and we must hope on.
hope ever.'
The following table, showing the average
number of white persons, over twenty years
of age, who cannot read or write, possesses
interest for the friends of education
Massachusetts, 4,418 S. Carolina, 20.615
N. Hampshire,
Rhode Island,
5S.788 '
VermoDt, '
New York,
N. Jersey,
N. Carolina,
Kentucky, ' 40,0 IS
The Russians .again wuifted by thet
Circassians. Accounts from the Caucasus,
by the steamer Cambria, bring the impor
tant intelligence, that the Circassians'- hjve
taken from the Russians, after some' hard
fighting and great bloodshed, the , Castle of
Scotcba, on the coast of Abascia. Sherkh
Sbamil had arrived at the head of the River
Kouban with 30,000 men, and had called
upon the inhabitants to furnish one man per
house, which would make a very large force.
WoronzotFs troops have been beaten by the
Daghistaulees, and three or tour ships loads
of wounded have been sent to Crimea. t?
Many of the Poles in the Russian army had
deserted to Shamil; so that Woronzoff beings t
in want of men, ordered a carbovanz- each . j?
(worth 3s. 6d. sterling) to raise reinforce
ments at Akheska, without being able to get ff
many. "
He further sent a number of -Mussulman ;
nlemas (doctors of law) from Crimsea, with .
their mufti, to Shamil, to try If they could ; l
open negotiations to treat for terms of peace, i
of course merely to set the Circassians to P
sleep. Shamil, aware of the treachery, Lad I.
three of them put to death. The Russian 3
army was suttering dreadfully from a scar
city of provisions, and the soldiers will have
lo wail for the new crop, before they will
have a sufficiency of food. The crops in
Circassia, though very scanty last year, are
good this season.
Iu consequence of a long succession of re
verses experienced by the Russians,t he Em
peror is said to have "adjourned definitive
pacification of the Caucases.'' .We trust
such will prove .to be the fact. Already,J.he
war has continued several years, and hosts of
brave Russians have perished, without being
able to make any permanent impression upon
the still braver mountaineers, who are fight
ing for their altars and their hearths, under
the almost ideutical Declaration of Rights
which formed thebasisof the "American Rev
olution. '
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