Newspaper Page Text
BY WM. II. CHANDLER.
-.THE UNION OF THE WHIGS FOR;THE SAK&OF, THE. UNION.
;,":, AT $2, PER' ANN U My IN ADVANCE.
EVAXS VIIXC, IIVDIAX A, THURSDAIV DECK3IBEII 25, IS 15.
! - THE JOU RN A L.
Not Caesar's weal, but that of Home."
4 S.VTUR DAY, DECEM BER t20. 1 S45..
OPINIONS OF THE MESSAGE.
The Wasliington Correspondent ; d Mie
' 'Baltimore Patriot asserts that there ate .two
" points in President! Polk's Message : which
will be apt to detract" from its merits in (he
estimation of well balanced minds. "
"1st.' The charge against ; England ' ami
France tire Governments of those countries
not two or three of their small CJiarg'e'd' Af
fairs of having interfered lo r prevent (lie
annexation of Tex-is to the United . Stales,
End the taunt that in their failnre "European
"governments may learn, bow -Bain--dipIomatie.
. arts and inttlgues mtisl e vet prove upon Ui's
Continent," would belier become some per
r eon or functionary less exibed than theCliief
Magistrate of the Nrtion! Snch" a tunnt
towards France from ' the , President vf the
United States, in his official message to Con-
gres3, is certainly not'calculated lodo miicli
.in the way of creating ihe sympathies ofthat
' narion, should we get into a brush with Eng--land!
": 7' ''" s";;.; : ; ;
" ' "2.1 The President admits I hat he offered
the49ih parallel as a 'compromise" settle-
menl of the Oregon question and "this loo,
after he had positively and .'solemnly tle
, dared, to the American people that out right
'to the whole ofthat territoiy was "clear and
.unquestionable!'' He says that after the
British Min ista- rejected the proposition, it
vwas icitlidraicn, and our right to the whole of
' Oregon asserted and maintained! If Mr.
Polk was sinceie, in his inaugural, in assert'
ing that our right to the w hole was "clear and
unquestionable," why was the 49th parallel
offered to Mr ,'Pakenham? -Mr.; Polk says,
because our Government had twice before
offered it I Do three wrongs make a right?
But the whole aspect of the case has mate
rially changed since those offers were made
by our Government., Neither Mr. Monroe,
tior Mr. Adams, nor Mr.ClHy asserted that
our right to the whole'of Oregou was "clear i
end unquestionable." From the lights then1
before Ihem, those state smen, if'they assert
. ed that England presented no colorable title
to the Territory, did not avow that our title
to il was "clear and Unquestionable.'' They
believed there was authority for contention
in the malter,and hence they offered the49lh
parallel. But since that time,- researches
have been made old 'documents have beeu
bunted upnew lights have shone upon the
abject -and the great body of the people of
the United States have looked into the mat
ter and become satisfied that Oregon is ours
op to the Rttsian line! Mr. Polk, too, is satis
fied ol this. He has asserted that our cTiim
to that line "is clear and unquestionable,1'
and yet he. admits, that, with such knowl
edge, he ojferedtogitse away to England al;
that portion of. Oregon lying" between- the
parallels of 49 degrees and 54 , degrees and
40 minutes north latitude, for the sake of n
le'ttlemeut'of the question!"
The Courrier Des Etals Unisihe French
Organ published in New. York, speaks thu
ofthat portion of the Message , whipb relates
to France and to Oregon: . ... ,
"Let us simply state, that it (the message)
will disappoint the expectation of those who
expected to find the langu ige of, the Derao
eratic President an eccentric or licentious
rudeness, such as might help to give food to
the passions of parly, and be the provocation
and signal for jniernationalstru"jle3. We do
not mean to say that the niess:te is not stam
pad, in all the qiesiions upon which ij. !.ouc
with a frankness and witji a vigor.- which
give to it a powetful interest, and even a
terrible importance. One may almost bear
in reading it the- growling of the thunder.
which hap been threat ning for so long a time
to burst over the pence ol the world." Not
withstanding all this, Mr. Polk has had the
skill to disguise in a most surprising manner
the energy of his ideas, and the andacity (or
boldness) ot his intentions, tinder 'forms full
of moderation, tact, and courtsev. For, a
great mauy years pas', the people of the Uui
ted 8tate3 have never held lorth to foreign
powers language bo proud 1 and yet so chiio
If there is not justice, at least there is always
some dignity in complaints y accompanied
with menaces. France comes in for he
share of 'these complaints; we take them on
her belialf in good part; for if Mr." Polk has
reproached herewith an interference in -the
tortuous business of annexation, which he
pretends to take as hostile' to the ' United
States, thouglr 'not contrary to the " rights of
nations, ( tn interference which in reality, was
t more banglicg piece of business,) jet, at
ihe.jsarae lime, he has given this., reproach
with expressions of regret for they" imaginary
interruption of French and Ameri ;an. foetid
ship, and with hopes and wishes Tor its re-es-t;iblislimeiit,"all
which affords to us a guaranty
that the President will entertain nothing but
sympathy and goodTeeling-towaidsf France.
Alsojlet us tiian'k Mr. Polk for the strong
recommendations which lie has addressed to
Cangrcss in favor of an important branch '
French commerce, which the" tariffof 1S42
has compietefy , p iralyzed. , We mean , the
mitaiions of the wines of Oporto, ' .
. "He comes next to the fitnous. Oregon
question, and gives " its diplomatic history
above from its first 'cotnmencerneat ex-
plaiiii'iiy that since 181 the , parallel of the.
49th degree of north 'latitude has been three
urfunt limes offered lo England; that this
has always been refused: and that after hav
ing himself repeated this offer, (with some
restrictions, which made it more than ever
unacceptable) Mr. Polk formally withdrew
she offsrand is now decided not to yield an
inch of that territory, of which six months
ago hewas willing to abandon he one-half!
It is in reference to this part of the message
above all, that we meant to say, the boldness
of its intentions or purposes is masked be
neath the adroitness of its forms: The Pres
ident, as to the test, confines himself lo re-q-isrmg
the termination of the joint occupa
tou, after a preliminary notice shall have
been given to England, in "conformity ' wyh
tbe'treaty of 1S27.' It is only at the expira
tion of this delay that he lets us see the
glimpse of a war.wiu"ch is thus, as it were
adjourned over for fifteen or eighteen moiiths.
Surely, this is very consolatory. In the
meantime, in order lo take advantage of di
plomalic delays, he, asks for some - measures
to be taken, the object of which is to effectu
ate the installation of American sovereignty
n Oregon,'' California, ,sister.vof - pregon,
which with that country also, is ah object of
the covetousiiess'of the American and fini
sh ambition, is not roelinned by name ituhe
mess ige, but has not tlie less evidently in-
piredjhat threatening paragraph, which ac
companies and finishes the ' part relating to
American , balancaiiLpower! '. ,s-
The National - Intelligencer concludes
very lengthy article on thi 3 impor
tant document thus: -
To take a more general view of the mes-
sige,' its greaf length, to which we have al
ready alluded,is scarcely out of proportion to
he -mtgiiiiude of the public conjuncture
which it will but too probably be the effect
of the' policy, now plainly announced to ere
ate. , We look on it, in a word should the
measures which it suggests be executed- as
perhaps the most important documents of the
sort which the country has for a long term of
years bad presented t( it.. , . .
'As far as the executive authority or influ
ence can do so, and as far as the open taking
of positions so decisiveindicates an assured
reliance on a . legislative, support sutucient
to carry them. out tonational action, ihe mes
sage seems to us a distinct public crisis of a
very startling magnitude; and, if a crisis, it
is as clearly one entirely voluntary and arti-
?'There is nothing to urge ns todiCiculttes
with England; there is everything' to solicit
U3 to good understanding with her a Chris
tian love of peace, the honest desire of "ain.
the warning of at least ns much prudence as
tells us that Contest with her' must involve
calamities for which the event can afford us
little compensation but .the dreadful-one of
having inflicted loss as terrible as we: shall
hive sufPued. At home, the legislatiou of
1842 seemf,' at leasr, to have, brought back
one general flow of prosperity, of rewarded
and happy labor in nearly every branch ofin
dustrial production. And, band in hand with
this gradual and healthy recovery, has come
the very utmost which, in that particular, a
people need desire, or its government tope
to' accompl ish for it a good, sound, suffi
cient abduo more than sufficient currency.
All this beirig so und so ft unquestionably
is it is perfectly clear that a system of mea
sures imminently hazardous of peace, of pro
duction, anl bf,th& moneyed circulation is
ihe creation of a crisis in a state of health; a
difficult emergency when we were, at ease,
conjuncture i,ardly less than appalling when
we were wrapped in the arms of safety. . ,
We say it with reluctance; but all the
threatening contingencies which the admin
istration seems to us thus to have seized, ap
pear to be little better' than the fulfilment of
engagements .in ..wlucli the, ixecuttve has
been entangled by circumstances. of a sup
posed obligation on bis p-irt to meet the 5e
clarattcns of a 'puny convention. Tho tar
iffis to be pulled down, because (lie rmnpof
the B.iltimoreconveHfioa issued ai" dictum',
when half the members were gone; the Sub
Treasury s ;o be restored, jUecause'ihe Pres
ident supported before it har been tried; and
measnres most unlikely to be taken as toOre
gon, because the Executive was unadvised
enough tp make, in an iuaugural ifiscourse,
a declaration on the subject as ex'tretno as it
was inopportune! ' t
"Our peace is to pay for the President's in
dicrelioiu our fortunes are to be wrecked
that, he may be consistent oti the Subtreasu
rysour wotksliops' ahil looms are to be over
t timed that the Appendix lo the B th imn're Con
veution may he glorified! But this especiaj
ly we say, end say it solemnly : By'ait extra
otlicialdcff pronounced possibly la incre
inadvertaiice, the Executive " at once disa
bled himself; and went so far as to. disable
Great Britain, from taking a proper course
in this negotiation, and conducting it in a dne
spirit. - We protest against havingtbe mighty
inierests ol a people's peace trifled with, as
has been done by both sides, the President
setting the example, and Sir Rob!. Peel fol
lowing it. The mercy of the conimotu law
disqualifies, in case of life or death, to the
lowest criminal, to sit as a juryman,' any one
who has made up or uttered an opinion be
fore he is emp innelled; and t it is monstrous
th;it here, where the lives of thousands of itii-
offending people are at stake, a Piesideut Si.
a Premier should be allowed to enter into a
negotiation, pledged, by every principle of
vanity or populutity, before : they know what
can be done. or ought to be done, to yield
nothing. ' ; ' ' ,: ' " ....
"There ts, however, yet another general
aspect in which we are bound to consider
these main recommendations, as a "body of
measures as a system wtether meant or
such or not." ' ' , r . '
"A J3rittsh ministry has no more jure di
vine abtjut it 'than a President nay,' prtib i
bly has greater, not less, need to consult ihe
popular passions on subjects where they list
en but little to reason. ..The Executive
should see that the' English Government is
as little like to give way o:v this question as
he ; that, therefore, jerio'uf". possibilities of p
war are involved in his refusal to compro
mise or arbitrate; and that these are strength-
ened, if what he proposes lo Congress be
doue. War, then, is quite a possible part of
ihe political programme which he offers.
And how does he propose to make ns ready
for it? By filling our coffers? By invigor
atinglhe arts and tradss at home? "No;we
are to carry on. a. war with hard money, and
abolish home. industry, that we may have a
bundant supplies independent of foreign
trade! ' "
t:These are, it appears to us, the general
indications of rhisominons messatre. - " '
.Tlie Louisville Journal has the following
on the same subject ' -
Mr. Polk must have been perfectly aware
that England would not, in the Oregon nego
tiation, accede to worse terms than had been
offered her by other administrations, f ile
h'mself acknowledges, that he felt the ne-
cessity .and propriety of proposing to yield
the same boundary that preceding 'adminis
trations had offered, but he refused to offer
the right of navigating the Columbia which
those, administration iad offered. This right
we consider of no consequence, but it is not
so considered either by England or by M r.
Poik : " " - " - : ;-;.. . :
"Mr. Polk know to an absolute certainly
that England would decline the proposition
bus modified, as she had twice declined it-
even before its modification, and he knew
and knows, , that, if Congress assume and
maintain r his position and - earry out bis re
commendation, war is in evitablo. He re
commends that notice be given pf the ces
sation of joint occupancy, and that measures
be adopted, after the expiration of one year
to take possession or the whole territory, not
to latitude 4D,but latitude 54,40,116 bcuaJr
ary of Russia, ; V- :
"The reader wIH nitlurally suppose (hat it
was Mr. Polk's deliberate designs to precip
itate the country into a war. This m ry have
been the case, but our impression is that his
views were different. The whole message,
the double dealing or the tariS. the high-toned
annunciation that no European influence
or colony can bo allowed on this cont"nent,
the eulogy pn the pre-emptionists,the swelling
declamation about innate , self-government
and the irresistible spread 'and outmarching
of free principles and free men", and the va
rious other passages in the demagogue vein
all these things indicate a design ' (o as
sume a popular position and to'run for asec
ondterm. Our impression is that he counts
on lh ihSuenco of certainjudicious frleitds
to prevent the horrors of extremities. ? Then
be .would -occupy this position: with the mod
erate he wouid. gain credit for moderation by
having refused, in his negotiation, to go with
his party ,:in s demanding the whole; Oregon
Territory, and he would challenge the admi
ration and applause of the , enthusiastic ad
venturous, tand wailike, by denyhrg to any
foreign power the right to navigate any wa
ters lying within the territory of the stars and
stripes. There seems to be no calamity to
winch the demagogue will not expose his
country to win applause of the thoughtless,
the wreekless, and the w icked. -
"Mr. Polk gives notice that he has with
drawn the proposition, which he made and
which ; England rejected, and, that he now
goes fr the whole of Oregon, t r : :i " ,'
We supp:ise he means that he will not
now couceda to England even the terms that
he himself has already offered her. Of course
he knows that she will not sultify herself &.
subject berself to disgrace in Ihe eyes of the
whole world by accepting less than what .he
has oflered and she has refused, so that he
seems at last tos have resolved on shutting
ti e dooir of ' negotiation ' and driving Great
Britain to the wall. We agaiu say, that,5 if
the Locofoco.Conress act up to the expres
sed views and policy of the Locofoco Presi
dent, all the nameless and' counties horrors
of a Jong, bloody .and most terrible war - be.
tween the, two mightest nations of the earth
are inevitable."1 t. .'; ;; -
, The Cincinnati Gazette concludes a no-
lice of Ihe message as follows: 4
, ''Taking the message all in AWtemp erae
ly writ ten aa it is we regard it as opening
upauintire new poliey for our government
and starting, or recommending measures as
regards our foreign relations not of a peace
ful character. . Sum up the points.; The lar
ifl is to be destr.vj ed the sub-treasury re
stored and tncsures begin (with' regard to
Oregon) which unnecessarily 'disturb, if not
destroy,. the general peace.. Here is a new
system entirely, Fkeb thade and hard
3TOSE7. ' And to follow this proposed weak
ening of the ii. dustrial arm of the nation,
first by putting it dr the control of foreign
capital and foreign labor, and secotkdly in
reducing it to the hirosbips of a hard money'
policy, we are to treaJ close upon the heels
of war! These . are fearful : thinr to con
template. Thev bode no good to our coun
try or to man. " ' ' ' "'
' A BARMAID. c :
The very agreable correspondent of. the
Boston. Atlas, whose "Pen and Ink Sketclis1'
we have" frequently copied, is now in Eng
land, and he thus writes about English Bar
Maids: ' - , ' ' , .'
.-"Ah! I ought to depict her lineaments on
silver paper. Just walk, into a the bar with
me, reader. It is a large apartment garn
ished with decanters tuuUilers, sugar-tongs,
squeezers, ; nuuiieg-grateis. spoons, and lem
ons, in the centre is a table, on which lies'
tlie , bar maid's needle vork her thimble
and scissors are idle now, lor she is. busy de
canting a bottle of sherry. Lrok at hei i
How daintly she .is dressed in a uear morn-
ing gown and a cap, which, when set at a
commercial traveller, half kills him "right off.'
Did one ever see such a pietty figure? As
her little feetgo p it. pt, over the carpeted
flvior, looking like little . mice poping in and
out, one almost forgets her face, which is so
sweet in expression, that when she looks into
a jug ol punch, very little sugar is required.
Tneu-she has such a neat way: of handling
every thing; and whenhe s;ts down to write
in the barbook, she 'holds the pen so grace
fully, that you cannot help -being curious as
lo her hand writing, which is delicate, angu
lar, and on the most , approved principle.
She is, of course, i fivoiiie; and so. many a
gentleman brings her boquets, which you
may 6ee all about the. room. Utdike the
genteel waiier, she is very courteous to all
the under servants, who style her 4Miss,'yel
she exacts respect; and no one, no not even
the dashing gentleman who goes so tar as to
call her by her christian name, would dare
to lake a liberty with her. She is unkissable.
I The very master of the house, who has a
snug chair for himself in. the bar, looks at
her with deference. And there she is all day
long iu that bar, smiling and simpering, mix
ing 'brandies' and water, and purveying port;
working and coquetting tripping hither o&
thither, with the pleasant look and the cheer
ful word for every body. And that is the
Bar-aLid.w, 5-:.. ,....--.':! t- .i ' .-':
(gj Mr. Ritchie, of the Union, neve? wit
nessed the assembling of Uongresw nntil
this vear; he was; much delighted at the
spectacle. . ;':, : - 1: 1 - ' "
: CO" The nvril arrangements to this eity
have become a peifect ' nuisance To the
skies with the Postmaster General and all
bis contractors. -:''-' - " ; ':-
CO" A person on being'once asked what
he thought of pyrotechnies, replied, ths.t the
fire works which pleased him most, were the
(lashes from' the brilliant eye of a pretty wo
tnaa.. ' ' " ' " ;
iNDLVNA POtlS CORRESPON DENCE
- '. ? ' Imua.nai'olis, Dec. 13 li, 1845.. :
Wm. II. Chandler: Dear S.rl In my last
letter I think I informed joti that in the elec
tion of U. S.'SenaioT t wo Whigs voted blank
tickets". In this I was' mistaken, and altho1
the mistake was not of thuch importance yet
t may as "well correct U; ihe two votes that
were counted as blanks were for Gov. Whitr
cornb,aod were cast by democrats i; and two
(instead ot one as I stated in my last) whigs
votedfirr Bright under instructions. The Sen
ate occupied four days of last week in at
tempting to elect a Piesident pro tern of that
body: " There were ninety-eight ballotings
without any choice, On Friday morning a
compromise was ma e between the tjilhger-
ent parties, by which G. S. OttTit, Senator
Horn Tippecanoe, was elected President with
ihe "undemanding tliat he shall resign a few
days before the close of the session, and that
his place should then be filled by a demo
crat. Oti' Wednesday last the House resolv
ed iiself into, a commiliee of the whole to
consider a jjiint resolution previously offered
proposing to reduce the number of Senators
to 31 and the number of Representatives to
62 ". Vairous amendments to the Resolution
we're offered each proM)sing a different num
ber, but the committee finally, by a majority
of one or two votes, resolved that the reduc,
iion was impracticable, and amended the res
olution by stiiking out 31 and inserting 50,
and striking otH,G2 and insetting 100. The
resolution as amended was reported to the
House, and upon thequestion shall the House
concur in the amendment, (the yeas and nays
being; demanded) .the v6te stood yeas 47,
nays 45. -There will, therefore, tit all prob
ability,' be no reduction. The utmost good
feeling prevails in the ..House and I appre
hend that eveu the 'flpporlkinment quesubu'
will uol interupt it. On Friday the Govern
or communicated to the House a communi
cation fiom Charles Butier, Esq., "agent of
our bond-holders.. By request of the speak
er, and with the unanimous consent of the
House, Mr ' Butler appeared within the bar
of the House and read ; the communication
himself The House ordered 1000 copies
of the communication to be printed, for the
use of the members.and appointed a commit
tee of one from each judicial circuit (to act
with a similar committee on the ihe part ol
ihe Seuate) to lake said communication into
consideration and confer with Mt. Butler rel
ative thereto. -The Senate yesterday reci
procated the resolution by appointing a like
committee. I will seii'd you a copy of. iIk;
communication-as soon, as it is printed.
Yesterday a Bill passsed the House for the
reliefof Lewis Vf. Slinson, James Scaujlin
and other purchases of School Lands in Van
derburgh county. Also n Bill -providing for
the re-appraiseniitit of real eslaie for taxa
tion; and also a Bill lo enable foreigners who
reside in' the . United States , to lake, bold,
devise, transmit and convey real estate with
out having declared their intention lo become
citizens. r . Should the Bill to re-appraise
real estate for taxation pass the Senate and
be appioved by the .Governor I will see that
it is forwarded to the Auditor of your coun
ty with out delay. Yours truly,' "
' ' ''. ' C. B.
THE GIANT SKELETON.
The Skeleton discovered in Williamsou
county in this State, 'and supposed to be that
of a human being, has frequently been refer
red to, within a 1s w days pastf in the H. ot
Representatives. Notwithstanding the des
cription of it, as, Wouter VauTwdler would
say, "we have our doubts about the matter."
. This skeleton was found about sixty feet
beneath the surface of the earth, embedded
in a stratum of the hardest kind of clay?
The bene3 are said to be in a perfect state
of preservation, and weigh in aggregate
1500, pounds.. . - " -
4All the large and characteristic bones are
entire,r.nd the skull, arms, and thigh bones,
knee pans, shoulder sockets and collar bones'
remove all doubts, and the animal to whom
they belonged has been decided to belong
to the genua homo?1. - This gentleman when
he walked the earth,was about IS feet high,
and when clothed in flush must have weigh
ed not less thangOpO pounds. ' . "The bones
of the thigh and leg tner.sure C fiO inches;
his sknll is said - to be about two-ihiids tbe
size of a floor banelind capable of bolding
in iia cavities near two bushels, (He must!
have h id a goodly quautity of brains, and U
intellect bo in proportion to the size of the
biaio, he mnst have possessed extraordinary
iht :lleciual powers ) The description fur
ther states, that a .cotlbe cop of good size
could be put in the eye-'Ockeis.'T The jaw
teeth weigh from 3i to 6 pounds. '
It is srated that an eminent physician and
anatomist is engaged in putting the skeleton
together, and that it will shortly be reedy
for public exhibition. Niohxlle Oltilopot-
EVAN3VILLE, 1ND. r
1 Tnl Englasd Hovse of PJEER3.-7TI19
Loudon'Puncli ives the fo lovying sketch of
a scene in Ihe House of Pejrsl ' - "
r.Lord Cdii)jlell was beginning to address
ihe house, wben-.v,"'- j "jw'jV'.j
" Lord Bioughatn interfered. ' . ,
A Noble Lord thought if would be as well
to hear what Lord Campbell had to say.
v Lord BioUgham did uut care what any ona
thought. . . .;.! i. v "
Lord Campbell;- Why, you have spokea
twice already.' j
Lord Brougham: '" Well!, end. how many
limes would you have spokeii if you ' could?
Xutd Wharncliffe: ' There is fiothing bo
fore the house, and this is irregular. ,
Lord Brougham: What's irregular? I .
know I'm regular interiupted whenever 1 get
up; and if there's no mot ion, what's that to me?
It's lor the iiobie lord li'mselftviio cotiiplatHS
to propose one. . ... i: . ,. . s i "
. Lord Cutnpbell; I rose .lor ihe purpose
Lord Brougham: Of course you did;hu
any p.ir)ose uiy be no' purpose- " " -
Lord Campbell: Really I must appeal
to the noble lord . on the woolsack, wfceth-
Lord Brougham : Who prevents you from
appealing to the Woolsack! . I can do that
ijiyselef. if that's all.' , "" .'.
1 Lord Camp.bell: I really have reason to
complain of tlie very gtoss and extraordinary"
conduct J '. ..'.'-. , fHiylis4.
' Liti'd Brougham: Why, you've complain
ed three times aheady 1 If yoj're going to
apeak agaiiiyou had . etter let us have some
itting in the shape of u motion."! i .
Tlie Lord Ctiaucelloi:. If the nob lord
(Campbell) has it motion to submit, he is quite
ii order; but it not, I think his proceeding to
makeiiny further observation would bairteg.
Ular.", ''.-' ?:;
'The Duke of 'Wellington:.-.! have Hsienftd
tr this couvers iiioii with some atinmion, and
I do not h i.k giving my opinion as mi old
-member of this house; that lhete's much to
be gained by it. .. ", v.: 11 , ; '' - :
Lord Campbell: I was only going O
say : '..; , i-',1-:..;',"-'-.
Lord Brougham: 1 But you can't say it.
M ike your motion! ' , .
Lotd Campbell then moved that ihe house
adjourn, which was cairie.d, and their lord
ships broken up. . . s ' . . '. -
, 1 ... -
Ax Indian Haxgino. The first Indian
that was capitally executed by the Cherokeca
uuder Cherokee laws and by a Cherokee
Sheriff, was a man named Nat, who was han
ged several ye.us ago about rive miles fioin
Arkansas, for the murder of another IndiaH,
who was Called Musquito, We have the
particulars from au'ye witness. The Sher
iff had caused a gallows lo be erected 1.
short 'distance fioin the Court Lodge, bul
vyheu the culprU was brought to it, he being
a very tall man," it was liiund lo be H.o shott
for bis accoiiiiiKtd.il ion, and some oiber place
had 10 be sought for the execution. The
whole bandol Indians, with the Sheriff, r,nd
Nat in the m.dsi of iheui,' then. 'betook ihein
selves to tiie hauksol the Aikansus, iu search
( it proper tree from which lo suspend lha
prisoner; and afier a little time, a tail cotfon
wood w.s found, with a p ojecting branch Jar
up the trunk, that in the op uiou . of all was
suitable for ihe ptiipose. Nat, now that all
things were ready, expressed a tvish lo bathe -111
the river-ouce nioie, which he was per
mitted lo do, carefully guarded by the title
iroin . the,. . shore, He went into the
waier, frollicked about for some time, swam
to and fro wiihgteat apparent pleasure then
came lo the shoie, (loiiued his Llanket and
stood ready for the last acl of the diaiiia.
1'iie Sheriff uuw told him tocluub the "tree,
which he cominehced doing, the officer of
lUe law (oiling op after htm wiih the fatal
cord. Nat teactied" ihe juojecting limb of
she iree, and was desired tiy the Sheriff to
work himself as far out upon it, Ironi the
trunk, as he could which waslone, when
the Jsheriffadjusied the .noose around bis.
neck, and tied the other end of (he rope ar
ound the limb. AH these preparations were
conducted with the-utmost coolness, and the'4
most perfect good understanding existed be-'
iweeu the Sheriff aud the Indian. . When all
the arrangements were completed, the Sher- ;
iff told Nat that he Would slide down the
tree lo the ground, and make n sigual when,
he the prisoner, must jump off the limb to
which Nat cheerfully assented. The Sher- i
ill reached the ground, and looking up to ihe
limb upon which sat the "poor" viciim," ho '
shouted "Now Nat, yon red Jdevil jump! '
t - K.T . J- i i -. . . .
Aiiujumj) n u aiu.aua aiter a tew 81 Ujgks,
iiung a mass of lifeless clay, lo iho infinite.
wonderment of his red bretheren, Aviio had
never before beeu regaled "with the sight of
an execution of that kind. '
; SINGULAR FANATICISM.
Mi'lerism appears to be : raging at flam
burgh,N, Y., where several families,' here
tofoie of good standing, have been guilty of
conduct criminal and beastly, The Buffalo
Pilot says: . "'-"' --"-C ' '"
. As a speciraan of their doings, tt has been
related to us that a negro, seated upon the '
table, acted as the interpreter of the will of
the Lord. He would say, th Lord says
dance" and the whole assembly would join
in a wild and disorderly dance around the
room. Again be would repeat: "The Laid
333 down," and all would tall upon the floor.
And ihe Lord says rol'," and they would
rojl promiscuously acioss the floor like so
many hogs in a pen. These ridiculuns prac
tices, and 01 hers of a liceu:iott aUJ " c.iini-"
hal nature, formed tho amount of their do
ings. . ,
CO" "Sir," which of ypur children do you
prefer, ibe boys or the' girls? uWhy, as
long as the boys suck their mother, I like
them best but when they beg 'a to rude
J prefer the gnH
Pfvic o Mai stiuet, tpos tb Bakk.
...p 11 MS-lf. LVA5ylU.tiA.