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STUDY IN CONTRASTS
The Brahmins of Boston and
WHERE SWAMIS FOREGATHER
Comparisons Between Two Headquar
ters of Brahmins Soon Exhausted;
Contrasts Endless Benares Prod
uct of 20 Centuries of Hinduism.
(By Francis E. Clark, D. D. LL. D.)
President United Society of Christian
I have not chosen my title simply .
because of the faint alliteration In
volved, but because of certain resem
blances and contrasts which are worth
noting between the city on the
Charles and the city on the Ganges.
Boston Is often snokon of as the
headquarters of the New England ' Cleveland. St. Louis. London. Berlin.
Brahmins; Benares Is certainly the 1 all show the same contrast with Bo
headquarters of the Indian Brahmins, nares.
American transcendentallsts havo Benares. In the valley or the
foregathered about Boston; Hindu Ganges, lies In one of tho garden spots
A Bathing Ghat
transcendentallsts fthe shades of
Emerson and Alcott forgive me!) have
tried to realize their astral bodies in
Benares more frequently than In any
Moreover, Boston has been more
hospitable to the Indian Swamis and
high priests than any other city, if
these same Swamis are to be believed,
for one of them, a fat Swami or god
In a yellow robe, whose turban was
several sizes too small for his swelled
Police Headquarters at Bombay.
head, told me the other day that he
had Ave thousand converts to Hindu
ism In America, many of whom lived
Moreover, he declared that his
school In Huntington Chambers was
thronged with the cultured people of
Boston, and that he hoped soon to go
back to the Hub to make more con
verts. We must take his statements, how
ever, with several grains of salt, and
his own rulture can be gauged by a
I rCE ' I I
. fc. iffc. ! l b
Some of the Temples at Benares.
Btateruent In a little book he has re-, deed It la to them. If tho Hindus,
ccntly published, to tho effect that through centuries of Inoculation, wore
Mark Twain Is the greatest author In 1 not microbe proof, cholera, dysentery,
the world." and that his "Following smallpox and plague would claim
the .quaior tnoiauiy nm poorest
btiok of travtls) Is his moat Interest
Doubtioss the Swatnl ls fond or "Fol
lowing the Equator" berause the ge
nial humorist alludes to "his godshlp"
In that volume, and chaffs him In a
Eood-natured way, which he is too ob
tuse to understand. In this chapter
Hark tells how "Satan." his servant, In
troduced the "god" to him, and after
wards showed him out of tho room.
' The Juxtaposition of Satan and a god '
stirred the rlslbles of our author, and
he makes the most of It
Dut to return to Benares and Bos
ton, tho comparisons are soon exhaust
ed, but the contrasts are endless. Bos
ton, In spite of Us vagaries and Its
many rollgions, Is the product largely
of Its Puritan and Pilgrim fathers, who
set their seal so early upon its his
tory, and whose Ideals are still reg
nant In many qunrtors.
Benares Is the product or 20 cen
turies of Hinduism. Here it has built
Its most gorgeous tomplos and palaces.
Hero all the three and thirty millions
of gods of tho Hindus are worshiped.
Here tho wealthiest Hindus build their
most beautiful houses, and from here.
If they die and their dust Is scattered
on the wavos of the sacred Ganges,
they go. according to their theology.
straight to Paradlso. or at least enjoy
n comfortable reincarnation.
What Is the difference between this
typical Hindu city and a typical Amer
ican or European city, for to point the
contrast, we might take any other city
as well, as Boston, New York. Chicago,
of the world. W
stretch away on ev.
lean city has ben
a material stand; .
: trrlgafd fields
side. No Amer
,t Moreover, the
wealth of a hunJred generations of de
votees has been poured into Benares,
and many villages and cities all over
India have been impoverlehed that
Benares might be eurlched.
But what do wo see to-day? Prob
ably the filthiest city of Its size In the
world, barring one or two In China
and Turkey. The nearer you get to
the holiest places, the fouler grows
Benares. narrow lanes. Slimy Wim
holy water, offal of cows and thej-
tramp of thousands of dirty feet, lead j
to the Golden Temple and the Cow ,
Temple, and when you get within their j
sacred precincts the nastlness Is in-,
desciibabie. From stagnant tanks. (
filled with decaying flower and other 1
offerings to the gods, eager pilgrims
quaff the poisonous water as though j
it were tho nectar of the gods, as In-
their millions throughout India, as
thoy do now their tens of thousands
every year. The marble floors are
often Inches deep In manure from thu
sacred cows, which, aside from the
monkeys, are the only peaceful, petted,
well-fed croatures Is Benares.
HIdoous Idols abound everywhere,1
stone bulls and grotesque and horribly :
distorted Images of Siva and Vishnu. 1
Most comnion of all, In every temple
and shrine, while thousands of them
are exposed at the stroot corner, r
tho Ungarns, auch roprcnonta
parts of the human body na
bring tho police of any Amoricnn or
European city about tho onrs of
priests and vendor nllko. Tho No
paullse temple, though containing
some fine carvings, la bo covorod with
obscene figures that European lodlos
are no longer allowed to entor, and
European men, unless coarse and vul
gar, would blush to bo seen by any of
their kind there.
When one conies to the banks or the
Ganges, he sees Hinduism In Us most
characteristic guise, for here (0 Its
holy wat.y come tens of thousands
of pilgrims every year to wash away
thoir sins. Thoy bathe In It. they
throw it ovor their heads in ecstasy.
they dip beneath Its waves In holy!
glee, they drluk Its horrible mixture of i
water and dirt at the mouth of the
city sewers, and then they hhlverlngly
stand unon the steps of the bathing
ghat and put on their strips of dry
Many of the pilgrims are old men
and women, who have Journeyed bun
drods of miles, and whose tottering
steps will hardly support them to the
bank of the sacred stream and out
again. But no matter, their sins have
nr.rr Iii lmdlnc will hfl Ifltlf (in !t nllo
of blazing sticks, while curious tour-
ists look with morbid eyes and hear
been washed away m us airty water. !p " screen or when closed Is easily carried
and near by Is tho burning ghat where, op heir JeIonblugs In order or to , gldo
In a few days or weeks at most, their care ul and neat, bu when once ; -
...... iriim I T krinwu im wTifii riiiuii mii hi
' the old thing sizzle." as I hoard one ' no an mo irouoiu incurre-.
' man express It No revorence. no ; An ingenious mother thought out an
I snlemmtr. no respect for the dead is excellent plan. She niudo it an unal
! Inculcated by such a disposition of terablo rule that there should bo a
i the bodies in the most sncred spot in Place for everything and everything
all Hinduism. Cremation is very well, j kept In Its place. Whenever any of the
' b it such cremation! family found anything belonging to an-
1 TIMonkev temple Is another show other member of It out of place, they
r?irp for all "visitors, where grinning , w berty to put It in 'chan-
S -ians that vault and caper over the eery." The chancery was a room, kept
,1K and hang by their tails from the presided over by the moth-
M:. f S within the enclosure, are con-! or- Every article entering there called
' :-d sacred and worshipped as for one cent to effect its release. At
'.... While the monkeys and cows 1 tlrst caps, slates, pencils, slippers
iro ,,rttd. the rest of the animal ere-! camo teeming in, and following them
1 .fmn is hardly treated Indeed. The 1 the renales for release, and these
I little racks of bones, called horses, j formed a fund for purchasing sonie
1 that drag around the Benares vehicles. , lnS to promote tidiness-such as
i aro starved and beaten till they fall , waste-paper baskets, paper racks, slip-
in fhi- rnua n.i thon thv ara , per cases nnd so on. Soon, by firmly
I-ft to die in agony, for it Is a sin j adhering to tho rule of demanding the
In Hindu eyes to kill and put them out j ransom money, the articles coming to
of mlse-y chancery decreased, and the lesson
Human "animals are scarcely better ' waa thoroughly taught to all the chll
,.i Th. Ii-, in -niM n,,nrtf.ro dren, from tho oldest ones away at
in filth and wretchedness, In compar
ison with which the worst purlieus In
our most ill-governed cities would be
comfort and decency. They live on ! he hung a slate with a pencil at
eight cents a day. and their wages , tached and when any articles was con
will average one-hundredth part of the j fiscatpl1. tne 'lat 8 noted
worst paid laborers In America. A certain time fixed for their deten-
Yet these are the results or the j was a wise forethought, for If the
philosophy and religion that are laud- j U",e artIc)es or t0 mU3t reraaln n
ed in some quarters In Boston and chancery three or four days or a week
other American cities: a religion that little owners will think more of
sends Its missionaries to the west to '
be potted and adored by some foolish
men and nddle-pated women.
Compare such a city as I have de
scribed with any city In America, how
ever much ashamed we may be of
some of our municipalities. Compare
L'oeton with Benares, and we have
:ranllnes Instead of filth, stately
churches Instead of obscene temples,
b dutiful cemeteries instead of horri
' public burning-ghats, universal ed-
.ration n place of almost universal
."jteracy, fair day's wages for fair
uay work instead of starvation for
ii. an and beaut. To say the least, the
vut.trast I not favorable to Benares.
CvipyrtcM. ItlO. by J -! h It. Bowleg.!
Unusual South Carolina Wedding.
A very unusual wedding was sol-
emnlzed at the Mary Help Catholic 1
church recently when .Mary Glover
and Joseph Williams, both colored,
were married. Father Lannlgan of
ficiating This was the first time that
nr! rAiml ha! mvtr mnrrloil In
whlte ,)e0pies church In Aiken, and j
ronseauently it drew a larse crowd
j, wUUe and colored. Both parties
to tne match are well known Aiken
cojort(i people, and many of their
fnpnds were p-asont to witness the
Tne urjde and ner attendants were
dressed neatly and becomingly In
white, and the bridegroom and his at
tendants wore Prince Albert stilts
with white gloves. After the wedding
the bridal party repaired to the home
of the bride's mother, where a large
ly attended reception was held and
I where many presents, gifts of both
white and colored people, were dis
played. Aiken Journal.
Prejudice Against Sleep.
Why can some men Bleep at will ,
and some nervous men too. while oth
ers, fomeilmes very "heRvy" men.
with apparently Imuiovable nervt-s.
,n-i- torvared by insomnia? Why too ,
au nu-.- ii!'n eeem to outain suiiiclent 1
n-st wi'U five hours' loep. while oth
ers requite nine? Do lorae men
slow." am Mr Smedlev iecular-
" - 1 - - 1
... L. I -1 ..
iy argued in one 01 m- aumei.iK
sioric?, or do they actually require
The popular prejudice against sleep
works an Inntilty of mUchlef. There
are plenty of sluggards oven among
the cultivated class, but the sleep
sluggard Is In that class a very rare
specimen Tho tendency of the edu
cated is to wakefulness, and tho man
who does Intellectual work and ex
hibits what his friends think a dispo
sition to oversleep U obeying a
healthy instinct. Sleep recuperates
btm and he knows It Family Doctor.
"You say you won your husband
' wearing a $2 graduating gown?"
"Hew romantic! I aupposo you are
"Oh. yes. But the f2 gown was an
awful precedent to establish, I'vi
1 ?: rr-Ov v.lu -ÄiEjJ
MlST RFlilN KAKLY
1U01 D-LUiH liL, 1
CHILDREN SHOULD BE TAUGHT
VALUE OF NEATNESS.
Excellent Method by Which One Moth-
er Instilled Idea Into Her Little
Ones Parents Must Be Care
ful to Set Example.
Vontnn5 la nfwflvs nttmctlvo in
grown-ups, and tho best place to be-1
gin Is with the little boys and girls. '
It Is dlnloult. as every one who i
of inestimable value to the boy or
Srl n his or her future life, and well
collego to the little maid of four years
of ago at home and mother's "right
hand." Outside tho chancery door
ÜÜ1US uepnveu 01 meir
even of paying the necessary penny
(0 release them; and the toy comes
out again with a certain freshness that
makes it doubly attractive.
But parents should always remem
ber that they must set a good example.
MADE UP IN PASTEL BLUE
English Idea far Attractive Costume
That Has Been Generally
! Pnstol blue cloth Is chosen here;
i the pretty skirt has a tight yoke which
j Is cut In a big tab at the center of
I front; a wide strap edges tho yoke;
j buttons and cord trim the tabs; the
lower Dart of skirt Is nlalted in sets
FoI.i- rp made on the shouMers of
bodice, drawn In under tho strap
which edges the lower part of bodice,
which matches ia snapo the yoke on
6klrt The upi)Qr part or siecve ls
arranged In folds and plcco laco forms
the under-Blceves and joko.
Hat of soft straw trimmed with a
buckle nnd three quills.
Matorlals required: 8 yards cloth
48 Inches wide, 2 yards lace, 1 dozen
buttous, 1 yard cord.
Suede, taffeta and moire silks and
buttons and stltchlngs aro to bo muck
uaed as trimmings.
;frj DEPARTMENT mMf
1 1 1 1. UlM.t
inn nnmr nr nnniunss is lucui-uii-u. il ,
and tho servants should bo Instruct
ed to romoinber nontness ns absolute
ly Imputative. Children nro very quick
at dotoctltiB Inconsistencies, and no
tice at once the fnct that their elders
nre not practising what the are eo !
JUST RIGHT IN SEWING ROOM I
Cabinet Insures Everything Being
Close at Hand When It la
e most conrenient imng yei in
to form of a sowing cabinet has been
designed by a Missouri man. It can
ue HIUOU ujj uuu luv; u uui im u
together. Insldo Is a series of spool-
supporting arms, with pegs to set the
spools on. There are cushions for
pins and flannel for needles and hooks
to hang floss or other sewing silk on.
Also there are pockets to keep mate
rial or patterns. On the other side la
a drop panel on which articles in im
mediate use can be placed, and below
this ls a large pocket, adapted to hold
embroidery and the hoops used In this
kind of work. Such a cabinet will hold
everything that a woman needs for sew
ing, except a machine, and being com
pact in arrangement can be carried to
a friend's home. When It Is stood up
by the sewer's chnlr it brings every
thing within easy reach and saves con
fusion. TO MAKE NECK BEAUTIFUL
Massage With Properly Made Cream
Is One of the First of the
Always before any kind of cream ls
applied the throat must be carefully j
wasneu at nigm ana uie cream ruuueu
from skin to chest with a rotary mo
tion. This work should last for f!v
minutes nt least. At the expiration of
that time the cream may be lightl
wiped off nnd a lotion made from a
pint of high proof alcohol to an ounce
of tincture of benzoin applied. j
Following this the head Is to be
bent back as far as It will go, which j
should be enough to stretch the j
throat cords, and alternating with the j
backward tilt the head must droop (
forward until the chin rest upon the
chest. Afterward the head must bo
twisted first to one side nnd then to
the other, the object of these move
ments being to keep cord3 and mus
cles strong nnd elastic and prevent
their sagging and so destroying tho
A woman who carries her head well
that is, the chin up Is less apt to
lose the beauty of her throat than one
who permits her head to droop for
ward. As a mntter of fact, tho head
held up, the chin In place, Is a beauty
not common, but adds enormously to
the effect of presence and distinction.
A mistake not unusual to those trying
to cultivate the habit Is to thrust out
Attractive-looking curtains are fash
ioned from the all-over filet In tho
square dosigus. The edges aro trimmed
with cluny luce about two Inches wide J
and au insertion of this lace is set in
four Inches from the lace odge.
Any person who knows how to sew,
or oven baste, could make theso cur
tains, as tho laco Is laid on flat and
mny bo sowed by the machine and
thus save fully half of the cost of tho
Those draperies nre desirable for
use in rooms where elaboration Is not
wanted, yot where simple curtains or
scrim or muslin would not bo suffi
A suit wns apricot linen of silky
weave nnd shot with white. It con
sisted of a long coat or tunic opening
over an apricot mousaellno under
dress, crossing In Japanese fashion.
The coat was sleeveless, but tho
sleeves of tho frock wero of tucked
apricot muslin, finished at neck and
Bleeves with smocking In black Bilk.
Tho deep belt was of black, with a
veiling of 'apricot muslin.
To Lydia E. Pinkham's
terrtblo heatlaclies, pains in my back
lauu ngnc side, nnd
was tired nil tho
timo and nervous.
I could not Bleep,
and every month I
could hardly stand
tho pain. Lydia E.
blo Compound re
stored mo to health
again and made mo
feel like a now wo
man. I hope this
letter will induce
other women to avail themselves of
this valuablo medicine." Mrs. E. M.
ITredeiuck, Bloomdale, Ohio.
Backacho is a symptom of fcmala
weakness or derangement If you
have backacho don't neglect it To
got pormanent relief you must reach
tho root of tho trouble. Nothing wa
know of will do this so safely and surely
as Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetablo Com.
fiound. Cure tho cause of theso dls
resslng aches and pains and you will
become well and strong.
Tho great volumo of unsolicited tes-
and herbs, has restored health to thou,
sands of women.
If you have the slightest doubt
that IiYdla E. Pinkham's Vege
tablo Compound will help you,
writo to Mrs. Pinkham at Lynn,
Mass., for advice. Your letter
vrili bo absolutely coulidentiul,
mid tho advlco free.
To make pleasures pleasant, shorten
DO TOTO CLOTIIKS I.OOIC YKM.OWt
If eo, use Red Cross Ball Blue. It will nuke
them white as snow. 2 oz. package 5 cunU.
"But thoso extremely violent wom
en lunatics how do you manage to
keep them so quiet?"
"That's an Idea of the new superin
"Yea; ho had tho straightjackots
mado up In tho peek-a-boo style."
Honored by the Governor.
Effusive compliments havo been
paid to Governor Marshall many
times, tf&ftl remained for an old Irish
woman to cap the climax.
Tho governor met her at a funeral
whtaii he attended tho other day and
ßho was full of revcrenco for tho Indl
"Ah," she said, "an' 'tis tho guv'
nor," and she swallowed up tho gov
ernor's slim right hand in her own
right hand, mado largo and muscular
by many days of toll. "Yls. 'tis tho
guv'nor, an' it's glad I am to see ye,
guv'nor, an Indado the corpso ls hon
ored by your prislnce." Indianapolis
"You are advertising for a chauffeur,
I see, Mr3. Do Payste."
"Yes, wo bad to let William go last
"I thought you were well pleased
"At first wo wero.butancw broom
sweeps clean, you know, and wo found
that William was lar.y. Ho was fine at
washing tho windows, spading tho gar
den, pumping tho vacuum cleaner,
mowing the lawn, tending the furnaco,
running errands, pressing clothes,
sweeping tho walks, polishing tho
floors, oiling the furniture, preparing
the vegetables, waiting on tablo and
doing the dishes. But ho was lazy. He
used to go to sleep at midnight regu
larly, no matter where ho was. Many
a tlmo Mr. Do Paysto has left tho club
for homo at two o'clock in tho morn
ing and found William snoring In tho
car outsldo. Imaglno how it must havo
lookod to our friends to seo our chauf
feur asleep In tho street?"
with strawbefrics and cream.
A delightful combination
that strongly appeals to the
The crisp, fluffy bits have
a distinctive flavour and are
ready to serve from the
package without cooking.
"The Memory Lingers"
Popular pkg. 10c.
Family size, 15c.
Postum Cereal Co., Ltd.
Battle Creek, Mich.
timony constantly pouring m proves
conclusively that Lydia E. Pinkham's
Veeetablo Compound, mado from roots