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PALESTINE: PIGMY LAND
WITH A GIANT HISTORY
The historic Holy Land where moved
the Nazarene whose birth will be com
memorated around the world this
week, is characterized as "a tiny lit
tle country," by Viscount- Jarae Bryce
in a communication to the National
Geography society :
"Though the traveler's hand books
prepare him to find Palestine small,
It surprises him by being smaller than
he expected. Taking it.as the region
between the Mediterranean on the
vrest and the Jordan and Dead sea on
the east, from the spurs of Lebanon
and Hermon on the north to the desert
at Beersheba on the south, it Is only
110 miles long and 50 to CO broad that
is to say. It Is smaller than New
"Of this region large parts did not
really belong to ancient Israel. Their
hold on the southern and northern dis
tricts was but slight, while In the
southwest, a wide and rich plain along
the Mediterranean was occupied by
the warlike Philistines, who were
sometimes more than a match for the
Hebrew armies.. Israel had, In fact,
little more than the hill country, which
lay between the Jordan on the east
and the maritime plain on the west.
King David, In the days of his power,
looked down from the hill cities of
Ilenjamln, Just north of Jerusalem, up
on Philistine .enemies, only i!3 miles
off, on the one side, and looked across
the Jordan to Moabite enemies, about
us far off, on the other.
"Nearly all the events In the history
of Israel that are recorded In the Old
Testament happened within a territory
no bigger than the state of Connecti
cut, whose area Is 4.S0O square miles;
and Into hardly any other country has
there been crowded from the days of
Abraham till our own, so much history
-that Is to say, so many events that
have been recorded and deserve to be
recorded In the annals of mankind.
"Nor Is it only that Palestine la
really a small country. The traveler
constantly feels as he moves about
that It Is a small country. From the
heights, a few miles north of Jeru
salem, he sees, looking northward, a
fur-off summit carrying snow for eight
nionths In the year. It Is Hermon,
nearly 10,000 feet high Hermon,
whose fountains feed the rivers of
"Hut Hermon is outside the terri
tory of Israel altogether, standing in
the land of the Syrians; so, too, it is
of Lebanon. We are apt to think of
that mountain mass as within the
country, because It also Is frequently
mentioned In the Psalms and the
Prophets; but the two ranges of Leb
anon also rise beyond the frontiers
of Israel, lying between the Syrians of
Damascus arid the Phoenicians of the
'Perhaps ft Is because the raaps
from whlrh children used to learn
Bible geography, were on a large scale,
that most of us have failed to realize
how narrow were the limits within,
which took place, all those great do
ings that fill the books of Samuel and
Kings. Just In the same way the
classical scholar who visits Greece Is
surprised to find that so small a ter
ritory sufficed for so many striking in
cidents and for the careers of so
many famous men."
Cyprus, fairy land of the Mediter
ranean, which Greeks have been urging
Great Britain to turn over to them, has
a history no less strange than the fic
tion of Shakespeare's 'Othello." for
which the Island, In part, is the setting.
Itlchard Coeur de Lion wrested it
from a ruler who had won it by forg
ing letters in his monarch's name af
ter that ruler, Isaac Comnenus, had
refused to let the Crusader's ship
wrecked and seasick lady-love land
there the first time she asked.
Itlchard married Berengaria there
and went his way, after turning over
the island to a penniless adventurer,
Guy de Lusimian, who founded a
"feudal state amongst spice gardens
and silken luxury." and thus establish
ed a dynasty which has been described
as the most romantic European his
tory. Cyprus bulks large In the crotch of
Asia Minor, like a huge fist with a
lean finger pointing straight at An
tloeh. Historically, one may Imagine,
the finger should be crooked a bit
more. In perpetual accusation of the
sultan, the degenerate Sellin II, whose
generals captured the Island, Impelled
In part, at least, by the fact that
Sellin' favorite wine came from there.
Geographically, the promontory marks
the line of Cyprus prehistoric connec
tion with Asia's mainland.
There too, reigned the beautiful
Queen Catherine Cornaro. adopted
daughter of Venice," who, though
grief-stricken by her husband's death,
struggled against intrigue that the
throne might be saved for his unborn
Early came to Cyprus those 'Yan
kees of the Levant," the Phoenicians.
Sargon, the kVng of Assyria who. as
Isaiah had prophesied, led "the Egyp
tians prisoners and the Ethiopleans
captives also conquered Cyprus.
Esarhaddon, the Caesar and Carnegie
of Assyria, who left at Nineveh an
indexed library of man? thousands of
clay tablets, received tributes from ten
Cyprian kings. .
Pausanias, Benedict Arnold of
Sparta, liberated Cyprus from Persian
dominion, and Evagoras, one of the
island kings, hero of the world's first
known biography, penned by Isocrates,
who united the scattered principali
ties. Is the King Arthur of island tra
dition. Thus Cyprus reeks with composite
memories of eastern. Grecian, Koman,
and even Anglo-Saxon civilization. No
less was It a focal point for religions.
At Kouklla, where certain tides still
pile masses of foam along the shore.
Aphrodite is supposed to have been
born of the waves. Here are ruins
of a temple for her worship, where
originally fetes were held which, as
one writer puts It, "were the scenes
of a too literal worship of Venus," and
where until recently It was the cus
tom to immerse maidens in honor of
the goddess birth.
Kouklla Is on the site of the an
cient Paphos. The Paphos of today
was the cne-tlme Neapaphos, where St
Paul struck blind the sorcerer, Elymas.
and converted Sergius Paulus, the Ito
The preent-day Larnaka Is on the
site of the biblical Chlttim, whose
ships are mentioned by Daniel, and
whose ivory Is referred to by Ezeklel.
In Larnaka Is the tomb of Lazarus,
who, after being raised from the dead.
Is said to have become bishop of the
The area of Cyprus Is about equal
to the combined areas of Delaware and
Rhode Island, while Its total popula
tion Is about half that of the latter
AZORES: MAY BE AERIAL
The Azores islands, In years to
come, may be an established mid-Atlantic
rest station for airplane lllghts
across the ocean.
Farthest from a continent of any
Atlantic Island group, the Islands lie
SlQ miles west of Cape da Uoca, Portu
gal, and more than a thousand miles
southeast of Newfoundland, nearest
North American land.
Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes,
while the former were active, made
the Azores objects of scientific inter
est akin to that evinced In the now
famous Mount Katmal region In Alas
ka. Suboceanlc eruptions, sometimes
piling up Islands which soon disappear
ed, were characteristic phenomena.
One early description of mich an event
tells how the earth and waters were
rocked for eight days by earthquakes,
followed by a vast caldron of fire that
seemed to sweep the sea's surface and
consume the clouds, spewing enormous
masses of earth and rock. Then there
appeared a group of rocks, ever grow
ing higher and wider until an area of
several square miles was contained in
this "no man's land." Later it was
shattered, and subsided, as the result
of more earthquakes.
The Azores comprise three groups
of islands. Their total area is less
than that of Rhode Island ; their popu
lation about equal to that of Kansas
City. Mo. Most of the Inhabitants are
Portuguese. The rest are Flemish and
Moorish, with a few Immigrants from
the United Kingdom.
Fruits and fish constitute the prin
cipal exports. Oranges are supplant
ing pineapples, but the other products
lemon, citron. Japanese medlar, and
bananas maintain their popularity.
The principal fish are the mullet, tun
ny, and bonlto.
Saint Michael, largest Island of the
group, has lava beds, caves which may
be traversed for miles, and a mam
moth crater with two jeweled lakes
one azure, the other emerald at its
On Santa Maria Is the church where
Columbus knelt. Oft Tercerla a sub
marine volcano made its appearance
as recently as half a century ago. On
Corvo have been unearthed coins
which suggest Carthaginian visits, and
an Arabian geographer of the twelfth
century described Islands of the "West
ern Ocean" thought to have been the
About the middle of the fifteenth
century the Portuguese sent expedi
tions to settle upon them. One island.
Fayal, was presented by Alphonso V
of Portugal, to his aunt, Isabella,
duchess of Burgundy. It was upon
her marriage to Philip the Good, duke
of Burgundy, that he founded the fa
mous knightly order of the Golden
In 1S29 supporters of Maria da
Gioria against Miguel, in the strajgcle
for the Portuguese crown, established
themselves on the islands, and for the
three years following Queen Mtiria
lived at Angra. one of the seaports of
importance. Others are Ponta Deljjada
BESSARABIA: A CONEY
ISLAND OF HISTORY1
Bessarabia, recently assigned to the
suzerainty of Itoumanla, has long Jeen
a racial catch basin.
Her population was more than 2,
000.000 before the war, and included
Moldavians. Little Russians, Jews.'Bul
garians. Greeks. Armenians, Tartars,
Germans, and Gypsies; but that list
Is short compared with the encyclo
pedic procession of Getae. Goths.
Avars, Huns, Boss! (whence r her
name), Ugrians, Kuraans, and Mongols,
to mention but a few. since the days
of the original Cimmerians.
For Bessarabia, sloping southward
from the westward foothills of the
Carpathians, between the Dniester and
Pruth, down to the Black sea and
Danube delta, lay in the normal gec-
graphlcal pathway of tribes . pushing
westward from Asia and southward
from the bleak Russian steppes toward
the warmer seacoast lands. Moreover,
Bessarabia is at the convergence of
these, two history-beaten paths, and
many times a clash ensued to decide
which group should pass through the
"neck of the bottle" toward Europe's
lands of milk and honey.
Among the most harrowing of the in
vasions was that of the Mongols in
the fourteenth century. They cawe
across the Volga under Batu. grandson
of that Mongol Charlemagne, Jenghlr.
Kahn, and though there Is no complete
story of their depredations In Bes
sarabia, that region probably suffered
atrocities similar to others whlcn are
recorded in harrowing detail. At
Ryazan women and children were used
as targets in bow-and-arrow contests;
slivers of wood were driven under the
nails of the men; then they were cor
ralled in churches to watch their wom
en being tortured, and finally roasted
alive. Another city, Kozelsk,. was re
named Mobalig, "City of Woe," and
Kiev was laid waste after her people
had been maimed and murdered.
A picture of peaceful, pastoral Bes
sarabia prior to the renewed ravages
of the World war, furnishes a pleasing
contrast. A delight to the few tour
ists who went through the region, were
the Moldavian homes,.
A Moldavian interior was Immaculate
and vivid. Brightly-colored curtains
and hangings were used. An Inevitable
decoration were rows of yellow
gourds, the raising of which Is one of
the minor Bessarablan industries. The
people are deeply religious. Fach ortho
odox home had Its altar, facing east
ward, sacred bread beneath the Icon,
and cornstalks placed In the shade of
a cross before it. Even the altars
were colorful because of their, draper
ies and candles, and many times they
were laden with fiowers. The Bes
sarablan women are sprightly, bright
eyed, and pretty.
Moldavians constituted about half
the Inhabitants of Bessarabia. Hon
mania, it will be recalled, way formed
by the union of Moldavia and Wal
lachla ; hence the adjoining Bes
sarabia, with Its large Moldavian pop
ulation, long has been the "Irredenta"
The Bermuda Islands suggest the
adventures of Robinson Crusoe in their
colonization and present in their later
chronology a curious parallel to United
States history, with the events pre
dated by a number of years.
The Robinson Crusoe comparison
obtrudes because the island was dis
covered and later settled as the direct
result of shipwrecks, and the settlers
had to build themselves a bark to set
As for the anticipation of American
history on a miniature scale, It 'may
be noted that the colonization took
place seven years before the Pilgrims
landed at Plymouth, Mass. ; that witch
es were burned, Quakers were perse
cuted, and miscreants were ducked
before similar occurrences are recorded
In New England, and that slavery was
abolished in 1S3-1. The Bermudians
protested long before 1770 against the
mother country's rule, until the Island
prisons were overfull; but relief
came in their case not through a dec
laration of freedom, but by the ac
cession of Cromwell.
But the essential point of contact of
the American with the Bermudian
arises from the all-but-forgotten fact
that while the immortal Lafayette gal
lantly helped the colonies conclude
their war of independence, the Bermu
dians supplied the ammunition to be
So acute was the need for powder In
1775 that George Washington wrote to
the governor of Rhode Island that "no
quantity, however small, is beneath
notice." Learning that there was a
store In Bermuda, and that the island
ers were anxious to have the embargo
lifted upon shipment of food supplies
from the colonies, Washington address
ed a letter to the people of the Island,
who had shown themselves sympa
thetic with the. American revolution
ists, promising them ample supply of
provisions and "every other mark of
affection and friendship which the
grateful citizens of a free country can
bestow on Its brethren and benefac
tors" if they would make this ammu
nition available for the Continental
It so happened that the powder had
been procured before the letter was
delivered, and with it the Continental
army compelled the British to evacu
Not only the sale of the powder, but
the fact that Bermuda allowed the
colonies to have salt, so Incensed its
governor that he upbraided the citizens
for treason, and feeling " ran so high
that he was removed. His successor
was a native of Salem, Mass., whose
loyalty to the mother country was such
that he gave up large estates In the
colonies rather than join the revolu
tionists. He was connected, both by
blood and by marriage, with the Win
throp family. Under his rule the Is
land's full allegiance to England was
Browne was succeeded by Henry
Hamilton, during whose administration
the town of Hamilton was founded and
named for him. This town today is
the seat of the island government. It
has a popnlatlon of less than 3,000.
If did not become the capital of the
islands until the time of Sir James
Cockburn, lord chief justice of Eng
land, and before that time one of Its
most famous lawyers. Cockburn, near
ly three quarters of a century ago,
made the plea of Insanity, which saved
the life of Daniel McNaughten, who
shot Sir Robert Peel's secretary.
Sil mffie IB
New Version of the Eternal Triangle
CHICAGO. George M. BuckelHeld, 9
East Superior street, worked In the
daytime and Edward Weber, 720 North
Clark street, worked at night.
Mr. Weber, his wife, Nora, at his
side, was taking the benediction of the
vesper time air along North Clark
street, near Erie.
"Say," bellowed a male voice, the
while a brawny hand gripped Mr. Web
er's arm, "where do you get this stun!?
Walking with my wife, eh? Nora,
what does this mean?" And Mr. Buck
elHeld eyed the couple fiercely.
Nora was mute and Immobile. But
Mr. Weber wrenched away and let lly
a Jack Dempsey to Mr. Buckel field's
"You'll get smart with me, uh?" he
observed as Mr. Buckelfield wabbled
Senor Ortega and His
DKNVEU. Senor Juan Ortega, loung
ing over the showcase In a Lari
mer streqj photographic gallery re
cently, looked long und suspiciously
at the three prints that Max Kopplin
ger, the proprietor of the place, had
Just handled him.
"Me?" asked Juan, finally.
"Sure, Mike, them's you I" exploded
Max. "Gimme 00 cents y'understand?
Juan tossed the three prints Into
"Me? Bah I" he grunted contemptu
ously and turned to go.
But Max wasn't napping. He cleared
counter with one leap and laid detain
ing hands on Juan's purple and orange
mack Ina w.
Juan, slipping out of his mackinaw,
placed a left hook on Max's nose.
Max staggered and put up protective
elbows, and Juan placed a right swing
to Max's stomach. Dizzy, Max grab
bed up a pair of long shears and
made a lunge at Juan. Juan dodged
and grabbed a flashlight device, which
he broke over Max's head.
Max struggled to his feet, but Juan
picked up the mounted burro, which
Max uses to pose "wild West" pic
tures, and crowned the projnietor with
it. Max and burro settled Into a trou
bled sleep together on the hard floor."
Society Function in
EYANSTON, ILL. This may be the
City of Churches, but there is no
reason why we shouldn't have a little
healthy excitement once in a while.
Anyway, prominent Evanston residents
turned themselves Into a posse and
gave chase to a pair of negroes and
a white youth who held up four prom
inent North side women. The fugi;
tives were captured In Calvary ceme
tery. About 11 o'clock at night a mu
slcale, given at the home of Mrs. Her
bert Drew, 707 Sheridan road, Evan
ston, was concluded. Mrs. H. G. Prig
ge, 7733 North Hermitage avenue, her
two daughters, Miss Beatrice and Miss
Dorothy, and Mrs. Harold Klein. 43G0
Kenmore avenue, left the house to
gether. Three blocks from the Drew home
the two negroes and the white youth
New Twist to the
LOUISVILLE, KY. The mother-in-law
joke Is so old that the ancient
Egyptians used to chisel It on the
walls of the pyramids as a record of
the humor of their remote ancestors.
But leave it to Americans of the Twen
tieth century to give a new twist to
any joke! Kentucklans are the fel
lows this time; people and manners
are queer down here since the dry
season set In for keeps.
Well, anyway, getting down to the
facts, Walter Thornton, 32, Paducah
cooper, married his mother-in-law
Thanksgiving day. The honeymoon
lasted until the other day, when they
were arrested on the charge of violat
ing the Kentucky statute which says,
among other things, that a man shall
not marry the mother of his wife. A
$500 to $5,000 fine attaches, and If
such a marriage is not terminated pen
itentiary sentence is the alternative.
Thornton married May nale five
years ago. Recently he obtained a
a bit. "You'll make cracks to me and
my wife you'll "
A right to his mouth caused him to
desist. They clinched, went to the
sidewalk, rolled to the pavement, pom
When the Harrison street patrol ar
rived they were pried apart, cleaned
up a bit, and removed to the station,
where they were placed in the same
cell. Nora had disappeared. They
resumed the battle until Mr. Weber
was removed to another cell.
"I'll get you when I set out," he
informed Mr. Buckelfield. "I'll show
you you can't pull that stuff on my
'Your wife. She's my wife," re
plied Mr. Buckelfield.
And then explanations ensued. They
left the station later arm In arm. They
had discovered they possessed the
same wife. Each summoned a taxi
cab at the station and hastened to his
home. A litle later they met.
"She's taken the bank hook and
ducked." said Mr. Buckelfield.
"She's taken the bank book and
ducked," said Mr. Weber.
Mr. Buckelfield will testify for Mr.
Weber In his divorce suit and Mr.
Weber will testify for Mr. Buckelfield
in Iiis divorce suit.
Juan then ripped up the ladles' dress
ing room, smashed half a hundred
examples of Max's photographic art
Into little hits and sprinkled . hypo
adds liberally around the room.
Juan, to bring all to a fitting climax,
stuck Max's broom into the stove. As
It llamed he carefuly withdrew It, In
tending to apply It to the drop cur
tain on which was painted a scene
depicting the rear end of. an observa
tion Pullman, labeled "Denver Spe
cial." Then Abe Garcia, special ofllcer,
broke In on the scene. He grabbed
Juan. "What's wrong here?" he de
manded. Juan pointed to three soiled prints
on the floor near the sleeping forms
of Max and the stuffed burro.
"Me? Bali!" he said.
City of Churches
leaped In front of the women. One
pinioned the arms of Mrs. Klein to
her sides. Another snatched away her
purse. The trio then dashed Into a
The four women screamed. Their
cries attracted two Evanston police
men and a number of those who were
departing from the Drew home. J. O.
Cox, treasurer of the William Wrigley
Jr. company, drove up in his automo
bile, accompanied by his daughter,
Miss Barbara. With the four women
and the two policemen he took up the
trail. A dozen other automobiles,
driven by guests at the Drew musicale,
participated in the man hunt.
Mr. Cox having several minutes'
start, succeeded In keplng the fugi
tives in view. With his machine at
their heels, the trio raced for the
The Wrigley ofliclal vaulted the
cemetery fence ahead of the police
men. The latter fired a couple of
shots in the air and the thieves came
to a stop. Mr. Cox collared all three.
The return of the thieves to the
Evanston police station was a real
society function. Half a hundred
Evanston residents, many of them
prominent socially, followed the cap
tives. Mother - in - Law Joke
divorce on the ground of Infidelity
and he and his young daughter con
tinued to live at the home of the
mother-in-law, Mrs. Etlie Hale, 42.
Arraigned before County Judge
Lang, the newlyweds pleaded the bride
was no longer Thornton's mother-in-law
after he obtained the divorce from
her daughter. Judge Lang said there
might be something in that and took
the case under advisement.
Louisville judges believe the case is
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How About Tiresome?
A lravt 1 iii t frllitrticd. mother at
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scarlet fever, to the hospital. The
mother was now to the town and was
worried hecausc her son would he
away from her. The social worker
who had dorn most of the persuading,
therefore, .was a little uneasy and
made haste to call on the mother to
assure herself that all was well.
"I low is Toddy?" she asked, a little
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'Why don't you go on writing my
speech?" said the orator.
'T am spellbound,0 replied his
"Has my eloquence such an effect?"
"Yes, sir. I never worked for a
man who used so many words I can't
spell." Boston Transcript.
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