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Alexandria advertiser and commercial intelligencer. [volume] (Alexandria [Va.]) 1800-1803, December 08, 1800, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024011/1800-12-08/ed-1/seq-3/

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_ silsscsiXJYY-si'isictfsilssl' sldvessstsii/Z'A.
MONDAY , D-jccmbcr' 8'.
_-_1
The first number of Tale 'ILI-Tvi
siDR/F {DlsiEl 'IlSER am] CO..ctJ/L1\-_ss
(LI.-(II, [A sELLlCEA'CER is this dayi
presented for pzblic approbation and cn
couragexncnt.
To the arduous and ex'pdnsi'vc undertak
ing ospublishing a Daily Pupcr, the Edi
sitorsct were stimulated by & desire to pro
mote the interest of their country in disse
minating, assisur as their so.-ble efibrts will
exmnd, cheral Repu'olican principlcs; as
fell as from a conv'ictsiion in the prcsi-nt
flattering prospects of Alexandria and the
ssprobability of its-monopolizing the com
m'si—rce (If th" Dish'ict of Colushbia , that a
"upper, conduct-ed on the pzan of the one
now osscrcd, was much wanted—with
these imprcffions the publishcrs "have this
day sent forth their 5rst n'u ambcr, under
the disadvants-ss es. attending new citablishss.
ntcnts, but which theysssiflzttter themselves
wi'd gradually (lissizynear before the: unru
miting excrticms it shall be their study and -.
amLss-Itic-n to make. ,
The cxþcnscs dread;: churrcsid' m prose
cusiting their dcsi-rn has been con Gdcrubie,
but the least part they are well aware of
wha' must be encOuntchd m the under: ak- -
ing. Consc: ous of this truth, their best
ss efforts will be,—exerted to rentctl'c'fth'EZZ-z er- :
:i'L-r-WOrthy csissif pubiic patronagc, - trusting
that its intrinsic merit will ctd-csss rve and
rcCeix e the s-xpport ofa lib-Jsir
encd— corm .m hv.
and cnlzght
'_——
Having m contemplatinn scmc new a'sir- .
sang-m? ents reiati c to th':- {utur (: publi
csisit on of this pzz-ssyr, the: Edito rs mufl
claim the indn'. '- 'DCL of this patrons tie '.1
\.cdtfflsiav, wh: tn it shall rc-appear and
out.-:inue without mtc rmiszzcn.
,, -.—
.,
(FZ' Editorsssos nenvsY-czpcrs, do's-sans of
an cxclxz—sirgzr, are rcqucihsid to forward _ct
their papcrs inuncdiawiy on the receipt osssct
this, _
o'
We: congratulatc our fellow-citi'zens of'
the Urzitcd Claws on the prospect now is. ,
view, that we s will sorjanothcr four )siears "
be blessed with an ADAMS for 'our (Thick
Magzstratess ss
The conduct of the ]:zcobins of this
ecuntry is governed by yrincipks uniform- ss
ly opposed to every thing that is virtuous
and excellent in, public life. 'llzat man
who shall distinguFsh thsc-Isby splendid
acts of patric*=tisissn——-by scrving his coun
try, successsfuily,ctin duticzs the most ardn
cus'and uscshI—wlll insulsissbly be singled
out_as the sport of their nsssiassssjce. It were
: disgrace so "any public officer not to be
FF'sisCCUU—sid by their calumnics. 'l be rc
! Fame-{11 Of Wolcott is Iictosinorcd by an cx- j
Hsincrdmary portion of their viruierce, a
mrcumstznce which, with the far.-siblo part ss
will be a full acquital
'of' thy Co'mm unii'y ,
But,the conduct of the
of his csionduct.
saven, on. this occasion} is an. luce": of! it. '
'olc cxcmpfificu .
uxolctzty which is!-:
(sis the iniquitous Qui-";
ocar towards our me
ants. Mr. Vxsol'cott,
improper imputation
s character, throws open
his accounts to ..lc impct'tion of his ene
mies, and soiicits & scrutiny—W'h'at is the
conduct oi'his acc'ns-sisirs? They shut their
eyes Upon his statementsl-si-ss; s heyv rejcct
thcssjust 'appzal of injure-& innocence! Con
scious their an enquiry Wofdd evinde'ssthe
purity of his character, they shrink from
an act the performance Of which would
cover tlzcmssi-lvcs with public odium'.
."Jtorzous publi
.1: o'rdcr that
z. v 7: ct'ct . *
ill(JULsii 345114- 01]
FROM THE WASHLNCTON FEDLRA'LrssiT.
THOUGHTS
On the Public Debt, on the [affect/e a/ss
Wea/l/J, on the General .Fln'lz'D-ct, and on
the Fg'sc'a] Ecoua/n}, of the U/zi/csia' Sates
of America.
In the month oprril last, a {tatistica}
table, formed to give a concise compara
tive view of the ri'se and progress of the
United States was published in most of the
Amer'idans papers, accompanied with an in- 4
troductor'y essay. It was then intended that
the subject should be continued ; but from
:: prevailing disposition to form a stalking- ct
horse ofthe principal points for electiosincer- -
ing Furposes, it was thOug'ht better to defer
it un the heat excitcd _by party Views and —
anizno'si'siies might subside, and common
sense again resmne its proper influence.—
By the ssiatiisi'cical tabie it was proved -
that the total valuation of all the real and
personal effects of the United States, inclu
ding the 'sisoilsi, exceeds Two THOUSAND
MILLZON OF DOLLARS, that to double
this in twentyiour years "an 'annual corn
pound increase of three per centum must be
realized, and hence (even should our va,
iuation be under 'ratcdss)"the actual increase
of wealth is more than six-fy mil,/fair: of" des. i
lar; per asi'h. and the increase of po ula
tion in the same ratio from a stock of five?
millions only, will give one handred and4
fifty thousand souls {or last year's increase. 4
,L___L
From a single glance at these facts it
will be obvious, that no country in the
world pessesses such a vast increasing sund
fet present and future exigencies ; and:
hence most of the .siseal calculations for the
old world are ren ered in many important
ini'tauces inapplicable to this country ; sorct
xample, admitting the nominal debt of
the United States to have been nineteen
dellars a head in 1 791, it is now reduced
by the effect of increasing population only, *
to less . than twelve ; and as the price of
box}; labour and grain have doubled since
that period (owing chiefly to the vast in.
si-zc-ctsiztss (sit silver and gold continually flow
in 8 from the mines through the commc rci
al world) the public debt of A-merica is
now but as six to nineteen, or, in fact, by
the only true method of financial calcula
ticn, it, will be found that six buihels o!
wheat for each individual, will, at two
dotiars per bushel, pay the whole of that—
debt which would have required nineteen
bushe-ls in the year 1791. This sata is—ct
therefore demonstrated, that, by the effects -
of irrcreasing'population, of the actual de
preciaticn of the precious metals, and of
the increased price of . labour (in which all
real riches consifl) the public debt of this
country has actually diminished to one
third, or, in other words, our burthen it
two thirds lighter than what'we bore ir.
1791;
, " Although any person acquainted witl
national arsssittltmetic may demonflrate the-se
'tzsiuthssi for was, yet, I hope, a continua.
4
A
_ _ss ghts on these subjects may nor
be it. ss'} \ 37 rei'ting to the public.
BQE'RVATOR.
i (te-fever} a copy of Gower-um; S'r. ;
(cttsisi-fsi-ssss/ s 'Speec's) to the Coum'i/ and l
_ , qf Reprcj/Zutati-vsit': qf the Terri.
too-5 . W. as" "sithe ()Zzctio. [t is very}
lrmsiss' (] contains mue/) matter entire-fy
: But the sh/szwing extract comss
" 'utifmwt: swan/fy! 'Zf general no.. 4
ted, Gentlemen, as "we are, in,
a com - bordesiring upon many savagect
; ith whom the principles of reli
" justice one of the question)_
it 18 our ' terest and should be our poliey
, 'cace, it is clearly necessary,
that the '* eaties made with them by the_
government of the Unitt'd States, should
not be 'eontravened with in'x'punity, by,
any of the inhabitants of this territory,
and it may be proper that the general re
gulations, that have beensiestabiished with
respect to them should, sometimes, be aid
ed by municipal laws; and this has, by the _
ordinance for the govornment of the terrZ- _ss
tory, been made a duty; speaking of!
those tribes it says, " in their propertyd
rights, and liberty, they sh'll never be)
invaded or disturbed, unless in just and
lawful wars, authorised by Congress, but
laws founded in justice and humanity shall
from time to. time be made for preventing
wrongs done to them, and for preserving
peace and friendship with them." justice,
gentlemen, is as much & duty of societies ss
as of individuals, and our holy religion .;
commands, that whatever we would that I
omers would do unto us, so should we
do unto them-, To act honestly, fairly, ,
and justly, and to perform our promises to siss
Indians with whom thenation is at peace, ;
is as much a duty, c-r more-so, as to these ssss
ss who are in the highest state of civilzation, .;
ss and it is within the sphere of your legis.
lative power :t'o compel it'. It has lon - \
been a disgrace to the people of all the
fiates bordcring upon the Indians, both as
men and as Christians, that While they
loudly complained of every injury or
wrong received from them, andimperiousi
ly demanded satisfaction, they were of.
sering to them injuries and-wrongs of the .ss
most provoking and atrocious nature, for ss
which I have not heard that any person ;
wasever brought to duepunishment, and all .
proceeding from the false principle, that
because they had not received the light of
the gospel; they might be abused, cheatsi
ed, robbed, plundered and murdered at
pleasure, and the perpetrators, because
professed Christians ought n0t to suffer for
If".
What kind of Christianity is this, or.
where is it to be found? Surely not in
the gospel of ]esus Christ. And what an
obscucle must it throw in the way of such
of them as might be desirous to embrace
that religion, on the doctrines of which
we plofess to believe to be sounded in un
erring wisdom, and the precepts given by
the command of God himself, when they
see it so totally disregardt-d by us with re
spect to them. I h0pc we shzili be careful
that no reproach of this nature shall attach
to us. But it would be criminal to con
ceal from you, that the number of thosi,
unhappy people who have been killed since
the peace of Grenville, in consequence
of this diabolical principle, is great enough
to give a very serious alarm for the con
sequences. A late attempt to bring to
punishmcnt a person who, with anochcr,
had killed two of the Six nations, and
wounded two children, in Trzmbull conne.
...ss .
proved abcrti ve. Th "sst e "
was clearly provc-n, at. It was co ?;
ted with deliberate malice, the p si
sisior was acquitted. Under suoh circu —,
toes can it sssibe expected that any people,
_ i'lize'd or savage, will remain at peace!
" ave we nor reason to fear the displeasura
fthe Almighty, who looks with an equal
eye on all his creatures, and that the rage of
the savage may be let Ioofe to visindicate
his broken laws. Essecttual measures should
be taken to insure to the Indians all the
privilegessisithac they are entitled to by trea
\ ty—to render redress of wrongs easy to
[ them—and to compel juries to do their du
s ties by temporal pains and penalties, where
the sanctions of religion fail os-ptoducing
that effect.
FROM T-HE WAsm'NoroN TrebsiERALtsr.
To demonstrate the sincerity with which
sia'certain party ha's expressed its respects
[for the memory of our deceased patriot,
] the attention osour readers is requested to
thefollowing extract from a :paper edited.
by the printer employed by the goYerm
llzel'fl' of Virginia. 'l he extract is taken
from a'piece entitled a " Defence of Tho
simon."
&
WW—rzffi Land .timidic ,
as well as the & iWsi-cteffly; {head
republican party in congct' s, whtle they
were in constant oppositicton to the measures
ofthis chief magistrate, "pretended to feel
the most prolsiound reverence for his presisi.
dential services and abilities. They joinct
ed with the aristocrassts in all those despiea..
ble road-eating answers to presidential
speeches, which eroud and deform the
journals of the two houses-. The repuh..
"iicans could not have taken amethod more
effectual for the ruin of their cause. _ The
pe0ple at large had nor sufficient discern-..
ment to see that, all this work, upon the
part of the Democrats, was mere hypo
erisy and g'rimace.' 'I'heysidid not, or ra
thersi'they WOu'ld no: see, that—when a
member of Congrefs condemned a fla'tute,
as detestable, he must have held 'a corres..
pondent averfion, for the Chief Magist rate
who gave it his ratification. All this is
quite as his evident as any series of pre
mises and conclusions poflibly can be ; and
ss yet the citizens of Amcrica believed the
T republicans to be sincere, when they coctn
sented to associate in the celebration of the
late Presisident, as the greatest "and best of
Chief Magislrates, that the world ever
saw. In (his miserable scene of sycophanx.
cy, Mr. jesserson had no share. He serv
ed the late President as Secretary of State,
as long as he felt the situation consistent
with his personal honor. 'When his office
became no longer tolerable, he retired;
but it was in respectful silence.
It has been reserved for the- writer of"
The Prqspcsict bfssbre Us to explain to the
world-, in srank terms, and in aco ious
detail, that this celebrated politica] cha
racter had been seduced into a multitude
of most excc—ptionabie proceedings._ When,
the first volume of that work was pubiiqssqff'
ed, a hue and cry was raised agflifsiicti theaui
thor, with as much fury as itsil.e had uh;
]ished a third part of the .ilge 0_th({s0)7-*——
His best friends lamented, not that he had
written falsehood, but that he had spotted
so far with public feeling as to have the
audacitctv to jmblzsh trufþ-ssss It was inipos.
sible, however, to reiittsiesssifiia 'charges, {in-.
less, at the same time, itsi'flssvas practicabie
' so prostrace in disgrace , alr- iij.-the whole
ct principles and sspt'ooeedings, w-ffich the re
. publicana in ?(mgress had Nsssssd, fousiþ
Last tes- '-:a.rs<,"_ _ " _- ct

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