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Alexandria daily gazette, commercial & political. [volume] (Alexandria [Va.]) 1808-1812, March 13, 1812, Image 2

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aleaandbia daily gazette, j
IftrUy Gazette, 6 Dollars.
Country Gazette, 5 Dollars,
I documents
Which accompanied the President's Message
of Monday.—Concluded,
To Sir George Prevoti, Governor-General of
Canada, with its enclosures, dated ibth
Sc/it. 1811. ,
SjK—Mr. Henry, who Will have the honor
of delivering this letter, is the gentleman w.io
addressed to me the memorial, (a copy o.
. which I herewith transmit,) and to whom ne
accompanying letter from Mr.Peel was wilt
ten by my direction. , '
In comoliaiice with his request, I now fultil
the assurance which I have given of stating co
! you ray opinion of the ability and judgment
which Mr. Henry has manifested on the oc
casions mentioned in his memorial, and of tne
benefit the public,service might derive trom
his active empiovment in any public situation
: widch vou should think proper to place
Tann sir, vour most obt. humble serrt.
To Sir George Prrvosl, Bart,&c.
Mr, Henry's■ M mo rial to Lord Liverpool, en
close i rn L’ord l Avrpool's Dispatch,
To the*righ* iurvorabic the Earl ol Liverpool,
H^the undersigned most respectfully submits
the follow ,n„ memorial.
Long befi r nd during the administration
of yourIj rdshlpN p: cdeccssnr the undersign
ed bestowed much personal attention to the
state of panics and political measures in the
Uiii <*d St ite* of America, and had an opportu
nity* [tinte is an erasure of 10 or 12 lines]
and to unite the [An erasure here of 2 cr 3
lines] the infirnution transmitted by the un
dersigned to Si/ Lanes Craig, and by him to
Lord Gastlercngh, met with his Lordship’s ap
probation ;t and when the hostile preparations
, in the United S-tes suggested to Sir James
i the necessity oi making corresponoing
arrangements of precaution and detence, for
the security of Ids ivlaiesty s colonies, ne ap
pl'rd to the undersigned to undertake a se
cret and confidential mission to the northern
states to the Pnrr)’ already men
tioned ; to direct their operations, and trans
mit ^>nlar information of the same, and to
ifvortO m Orr>—t+T'cr^r to
the interest* oi brcut-Britain J *1 nc under
signed readily undertook .he mission, ami
spent five months in the active and zealous
discharge of the duties connected with it [An
erasure here or 20.to 25 lir.esl.j'vhich deterred
the geucTa! government from the purpose al
ready mentioned, and from a coalition with
France § while fhe information which he trans
| nutted to Sir J rnies Craig, probably saved the
trouble and expense of arming the Canadian
militia. All this, the undersigned perfrmed
without ever showing his commission or ap
pearing ks an auinorised agent—Lorn a tho
rough conviction that a discovery ol his mis
sion would i-.irnish the French party with the
means ot destroying the influence, of the party
adhering to £ reat-Britain in every quarter of
America, and enable the general government
to go to war upon popular Sc tenable ground.
In the application oi* Sir James Craig to the
und rsigneci to undertake the mission atore
sain, he says. u The u,formation and political
observations received from you heretofore
were ail transmitted to the 5c» retary of State,
who has expressed his particular approbation
of them, end there is no doubt mat your able
execution of such a mission as ! have above
suggested, would give you a claim not only on
the governor-general (of B. America) but on
his Majesty’s ministers, Uc.11
The undersigned being now in England on
his private affairs, and on the eve of departure
for America, most humbly and respectfully
submits his claims, under the stipulations a
foiesaid, to the lf.ad of Liverpool in the con
fident expectation that hi; Lordship will treat
them with that justice and liberality which up
on investigation they may be found to merit.
It way not be supt .litmus to add, that the
tu'-den-i^ned Ins never received in ant shape
whatever any compensation or p iron age far
the services he has rendered, fids fact, Mr.
Hyland, the ScC retary of Sir James Craig, now
in London, can vouch for ; as well as for the
truth of all the nutters set forth in this memo
rial. i have the honor, &c.
(Signed) J. HENRY.
27 Lieccsiei Square, June 33,18 i 1.
* See the letters of Mr. Henry addressed f-o
the Secretary of Sir James Craig, and by him
transmitted to Lord in the month of
April, If OS’
j See document 1, herewith submitted.
tffcc document Xo. 1 and 2, herewith sub
< mitted
j* 3c, liter No. I, of th* series tran smitted
by Sir .! 1. -ug, to the Colonial D partinent,
under dun*. I • !>. 14. 1309.
§ See the reman dor of the aforesaid letter.
^ See document No.!, herewith transmitted.
Extract of the official Utter of Sir fame*
Craig, signed by Mr. Hyland, dated^ Jan.
1809, accompanying Lord Liverpool s dis
patch. - _ , . .
Most secret and confidential.
Quebec, 26th January, 1809.
My dear Sir—-1 he extraordinary situation
of things at this time in the neighboring States
has suggested to the governor in chn» the l
dea of employing you on a secret and conn
dential mission, provided an arrangement can
made to meet the important end in view,
without throwing an absolute obstacle in the
way of your professional pursuits.
The information and political observations
heretofore received from you were transmit-1
ted by his Excellency to the Secretary of State j
who ha* expressed his particular approbation 1
of them, and there is no doubt that your able |
execution of such a mission as I have above f
suggested, would give you a claim not^ only J
on the Gov. General but on his Majesty s mi
nisters which would eventually contribute to
your advantage—At present it is only necessa
ry for me to add that th* Governor will fur
I nish you with a cypher lor carrying on yotu
| correspondence ; and in case the leading par
! ty in any of the states wish to open a .commu
nication with this government, their vie,vs
might be communicated through you.
I am, &c.
(Signed) HERMAN V,r. RYLAND.
To John Henry, Esq.
Extract from ike general instructions given by
r* • t /*f • j ^ 71 /7m ET/i rl sr f * rl lr\t /l 1
on uumcs \~rmg tv — w-'
February, 1809, accompanying Lord Liver
fioGt’a din [latch.
Quebec, 6th Feb. 1809.
Sir,—As you have so readily undertaken the
service which I have suggested to you, as like
ly to be attended with much benefit to tfce pub
lic interests, I am to request that with your
earliest conveniency you will proceed to Bos
The principal objset that I recommend to
your attention, is the endeavor to obtain the
most accurate information of the state of at
! fairs in that part of the Union, which from it*
| wealth, the number of iti inhabitants, and tin
known intelligence and ability of several ot its<
leading men, must naturally possess a very
j considerable influence over, and will indeed
probably lead, the other Eastern State* of A me
ricci in tht part that they may take at tnis iiu* |
portant crisis. I wluo.il not pretend to point ou! |
: to you the mocir by which you will oo likti) .
’ to obtain this important information. \oru |
own judgment and the conncctiovnr you haw j
formed must be your guide.
In the general terms which I have made us». j
of to describe the objects which l recommend j
to your attention, it is scarcely necessary to
observe that 1 include the state of public opi- j
nion both with regard to the external politics |
and the probability of a war with England ; the !
cr.mpwrrtfve strength and view* ci the two
great parties into which the country it divided,
and the view* and designs of that which may
ultimately prevail.
If the {federalists of the Eattrrn States
should be * icctisiui in obtaining thst decided
influence which may enable them to direct ihr
public opinion, it is not impossible thvt r;.ih. ;
than submit to a continuance of the diifii id ties?
and distrvssis »o which they are now -•sbjvc:,
they will exert that induct c* to bring about . j
eefiuration frem the general U don. Th* car
iitr-l into; va*? ion on this tub) :ci may be oi great
couscqueoce to our government; as it »*nay al
so that it should he. inf* i .nr.d Bov. tar they
■pollId in such an event look mo to Esm-iand h
* O ;
assistance and be disposed to enter -..to a c«•!
nexion with us—these 1 leave to your jutU -
meat and discretion.
(Signed) J. H. CK A (G.
| JL4IV IV i . • * ‘ I 'I i:-3 iw J./' .. * • Cl ~
bovc art- toe principal points in u, except as to
Extracts of letters of re cal from the mr.ysiott
in conscqutn e of the arrangement entered
into between Air. Er&kine mnd the stmericu
Quebec, May, 1809.
Cl The news wc have received sr.^s clay horn
t!io United Slates will, I imagine, soon bring
you back to us. The last letters received from
you are to the 13th April,—The whole are
now transcribing to be sent home where they
cannot fail of doing you great credit, and
eventually contribute to your permanent ad- |
(Signed) II. W. RYLAND, Sec.
J. Henry, Esq.
[ Mi May, 1809.
I am now formally to intimate to you our
hope of your return ; as the object of your
mission seems for the present, at least, to be
abandoned. Sincerely wishing you a safe and ]
speedy journey'back to us,
I am, Sec.
(Signal) H. W. RYLAND, Sec.
Cof:y cf a letter from Mr. Peel to Air. Henry, j
Downing street, 28Hi June, 1811. j
Sir—I have not failed to lay before the Earl !
cf Liverpool the memorial, together with its
several enclosures, which was delivered to me
a few days since by general Loft at your de
His Lordship has directed me to acquaint
you in reply that he lias referred to the corres
pondence in this office of the year *1308, and
finds two letters from Sir James Craig, d*ted
10th April and 15th May, transmitting the cor
respondence that had passed during your resi
dence in the Northern states of America, and
expressing his confidence in your ability and
judgmenti but Lord Liverpool has not disco
rered any wish oft the part of Sir James Craig
that your claims for compensation should be
referred to this country, nor indeed is allusion
marie to any kind of arrangement or agree
ment that had been made by that officer with
vou Under these circumstances, and had not
Sir James Craig determined on his immediate
return to England, it would have been Lord
Liverpool’s wish to have referred your memo
rial to him as being better enabled to appreci
ate the ability and success widi which you ex
ecuted a mission undertaken at his desire ;
Lord Liverpool will however transmit it to Sir
James Craig’s successor in the government
with an assurance that from the recommenda
tions he has received in your favor and the
opinion he has formed on your correspondence,
he is convinced the public service will be be
nefited by your active cmplowncnt in a public
Lord Liverpool will also feel himself bound
to give the same assurance to the Marquis
Wellesley if there is any probability that it
will advance the success ot the application
which you have made to his Lordship#
I am, 8tc.
(Signed) ROBT. PEEL.
Speculations on the Debates in Congress on
the interesting subject of a
L “
INon-lntercourse. * oyttCL/#*
! To the hon. Felix Grundy—the hon. Daniel
Sheffcy—and the hon. Hugh Nelson—three
of the most independent democratic or “ re
republicau” Members of Congress.
The independence which you have seve
rally displayed in the late debates on the ex
pediency of a British War emboldens me to
address you. I am, gentlemen, like your
selves, an independent citizen, connected
with no profession, having in view nothing
but the maintenance of the honor and dignity
of the United States. It appears evidently to
mt, that you are actuated by the same honor
able feelings, and that if one of your number
appears to be convinced that we are honorably
pledged to France to continue the non-inter
course, or to adopt the dreadful alternative of
war, yet it has arisen vvhoilyafrom the mistake
into which you have been led by the cursory
examination of the documents submitted to
vou by the prtsidcr.t ; and I feci convinced
that if you could be satisfied that France has
aeon wholly perfidious in her Ir.te offers to rc
; peal her decrees, you would all of you concur
I in the opinion, that upon such offers, so per
| fidiously violated, no pledge could possibly be
1 founder! ; and that however honest politicians
might concur in the opinion, that both the
[ belligerents arc in pari ileiictu in equal fault,
| still that there is no new reason for rousing
; • he resentment of the nation against G. Britain
4 ^
It is no reproach to you, gentlemen, com
ing as you all do from states not especially
i commercial, to presume that you have noim
I mediate and personal knowledge of the true
| ctate of our relations with France, and that
| s »u derive all your information from the very
mpcrlect documents which it has pleased
vir Madison to lay before congress.
i:. shall be my business, in the present es
s« v to disclose to you one case out of a great
number which goes to prove that the French
: decrees are sti.'! in force against our .racle, and
I I rriy on your patriotism and spirit, that you
! will cause a full inquiry to-lie had into these
| casts. For this purpose I shall send to each
o! v on individually a copy of this essay. Let
it not be said, gentlemen, that an anonymous
writer is undeserving your attention. Facts,
1 important lacts, lunching uur toreign relations,
au. never be beneath the attention of wise and
great statesmen, let the quarter from which
they come be ever so humble.
it n ay be premised, that if the French Ber
lin and Milan decrees are still in full force we
have no further or additional cause of com
plaint against Great Britain, than we had in
the year 1807, and surely if such should turn S
out to he the ./her, there is no reason why we
should favor the views of France.
To statesmen like you, gentlemen, if would
he needless to observe, that whether we form j
a direct and open alliance with France, or who-;
fht-r we attack her enemy by commercial re
strictions or by arms, we as effectually sub- *
serve and promote her views as if we openly j
entered into an alliance with her.
The case which I shall select among many :
others (tour of which met the same fate on the .
same day, and by the same means ; to wit, the
personal decree of the Emperor) is that of the '
brig Catharine of Boston, Captain Ockington;
both vessel and cargo owned by John Parker,
Esq. a citizen of Boston, and by ether citizens
of the United States, and of which vessel Mr.1
Ephraim Thayer, Jun. was supercargo. !
I shall not, gentlemen, relv on the dcclara- ’
lions of the concerned, for whom I have the ’
highest respect, hut shall confine myself to :
the official declarations and proces verbal of ’
the French government which Mr. Madison !
(if not you, gentlemen) will treat with re- j
sped. j
\ou will observe that the last communica- 1
lions to congress are dated the 15th of July ;
but the President must have been, in Novem
ber, in possession of the outrageous and perfi
dious decision of the Emperor of the 10th of
September, to which I shall hereafter allude
or else M r. Bussell, who knew u\] a
has been guilty of a most gross nrgfa* ach
The judgment and firoces-verbal, 0./
in case of fhe American brig Cuili.u jp
ed the 10th day of September 181; t(nt,h(^*
after Mr. Madison’* proclamation
the French decrees repealed, and
follows : l‘c°
“ That the French privateer Jvl;i.c , ,
pinis, cn the 3d ct Miy, 1811 [six jlh. ' “r>
ter the pretended repeal of the hei!iit
lan decrees] captured on the high ^V(‘V:*
vessel called the Catharine, David Ocid l
master; bound to Si. Petersburg, iar.( J [;
coffee, sugar, cocoa, dye-wood, and cottoa fl
the ground that part of the same
produce of French and Spanish colonies
that the rest of the cargo was prchibitcdbVr
imperial majesty’s decrees.” ‘ 'l*li
The process verbal then declares, that
vessel departed from Boston or, ihc p; n ].
April, 1810, and that the goods were chi, ^
i of the growth of Batavia, [a Dutch port] 4!
the vessel belonged to Americans ; n,] ; [
cargo was first destined lor Goitenbm* r*
Swedish port] or for such other port of u
| Baltic where it would be most advant gcov.s^
, sell the said cargo ;—that on her pasy^ ^
had been taken by a Danish privateer, art !.i.
ter having been retained ten months md fhc
days she had been liberated by [those « iriei ih
to neutral rights”] the Danes, and alter pro.
coeding up the Baltic she had been visitcu Lv
nine Danish privateers, and been once haiitil
in English by a vessel which did not hard
her ; that she remained eight days in Gotten,
burg, where laid an English packet hw
u/rnru u jui u » ^ i,uuo um w IJU.I1 ulu
board her; that on coming out ofGottenbur*
she saw at a distance a great number of ves
sels, but she did not approach them so near
as to ascertain the nation to which they fce.
lodged;—that she was never vieitedhym
ship ;—that two mariners who were intern).
gklted confirmed the above facts ;—that thesu
per car go also confirmed them. The Council
of Prizes at Paris having noticed the above
facts (a?id no others) decreed as follows:
“ Considering that the anchoring at Got
tenburg by the Catherine, where there was
an English Packet boat armed, is a/ro;/tbt
the expedition [from Boston ten moi t .sue
fore] which consists almost wholly of co.oiul
produce, is in the enemy's trade and in v rat)
\ and moreover there is no reason to doubt that
| it could not have entt reu the Baltic without
1 enemy's convey, and that if it has not btcn
visited by the emmy it is because the Atae*
rican flag was only a mask) and tlmt therefore
the confiscation is a matter of no difficulty”
Now I request you, Gentlemen to pause
before you do proceed one stc/i fur.her in your
legislative measures and examine this case.
It was decided at Paris after, as I shall shew
you, an application from our Public Agent.
It assumes as the supposed cause of condem
1st. The having on board colonial or
iuh goods not bound to a French but neutral
2d. The having been in the same fiortwitha
British Packet boot but not boarded.
3d. The having been hailed by a vessel the
officers of which sfieke the English language <
but not boarded by her.
It is not even alledgcd that she come fully j
within the Berlin and Milan decrees, but she j
was condemned because there was a Sl’Srl*
CION of her having been within Hum.
This is the whole ease:—The original
French document is before me, and I wimor*
ward it to either of you if you wish it ay
foundation for a motion to enquire into t *
state of facts, or rather an attested copy oft *
protest before our Consul. Mr. Warden, ay I
of the condemnation you will und in the h n
partment of State. It is your solemn !lt), 11
to inquire. You ought net to let this nation M
• % * i • ..i. ..4 A rtilwrr!.
ue cieceivcu on so iinpjuum* - , , ]
If this had been a single case or it there l* •
not been many cases oi tins kind Ianm^nu.^
of a statesman to contend that the / -r ‘
wrong done to individuals by aiw*/l/“,‘
rial unknown to its government, is r‘sl'"e ^ ,r
rious complaint ag.inst such govern.: - • ^
Gentlemen, there have been many ^ -sj' ^
this sort, and the Emperor, 0:1
confirmed these decisions, inSepa-“>
ten months after the allcdgcd repeal
crees, not on the ground simply oi a ^
of hfsdecrees, but oi a suspicion °‘Jl1
violate them. Tims giving the«n . jt.
far more dangerous and injurious t“UI
crees themselves. 1 . • nrotest
These facts I shall prove first,.?■Consul
before David Baillie W
General and Agent for Puzc C- |ettcrs
United States in Paris and 2n:y% •. ftf>.
from the supercargo ot the above na
sel. ,c
1st. By the protest, dated Sep c» £(v^c'
1811, it appears that the aforesam ^rjc(j by
rii.e never took convoy, never'^ ^0
a British ship of war; that tnc
applied to Jonathan Russell, l^T . jr< j{us
in France on the 18th of June ; tra br,
sell applied to tho French ^oVi:‘^r';-i 1
half of that vessel and ol th«* <* ;
he was led to expect a jaf*'l' *
that he applied a second 1cn
ed they had all been CON J
10t!i of September last. j\ct<
Has not Mr. Russell stated th‘’\|ie;- »“l
President Madison? I* h<
known prior to his Message '
facts not material to the qitc.sti . ^ \\ u**
decrees were or were not rCj

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