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Alexandria daily gazette, commercial & political. [volume] (Alexandria [Va.]) 1808-1812, March 20, 1812, Image 3

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V ' '
MORNING, March 20.
-- “ TO SHEW'
uT.ry ags and body or thk time
tb and pressure. '
HIS F0K‘ iS_asISSai5S
prM(t¥Cj§ of the United States•
Tuvrsda", March 19, 1S12.
A 'Johnson presented the memorial of the
Coareotion of Orleans territory, praying for
Ac mnesation of a portion of West Florida
6 ,hc ne,v state of Louisiana. Referred to the
committee of the whole , house who have tin-*
<er consideration the bill providing for the
^mission of Louisiana into the U nion as a
»»• . , ,
Mr. Gholson from the committer ot claims
an unfavorable report on the pep-ion ot
D ni^ North, which was ordered b) the House
p be laid on the table.
\lso an unfavorable rcpoi\ on the petition
of Benjamin RancUli, vvhwh was concurred in
bv the house.
Mr. Rhea from the committee on post oai
ecs and post reads, to whom was recommit
ted the bill to alter and establish certain post
offices and post roads, with amendments, re
ported a new bill, w hich was read, and aftc*
considerable debate, recommitted to the same
Mr. Morrow from the committee on the
public land reported a bill authorising the
pint of patents for land under certain rest'tc
tions, in the District of Detroit. Read twice
and referred to a committee of the whole
■ Mr. Porter, from the committee of foreign
relations, to whom were referred the message
if the President of the United States ct the
Jth instant, with the accompanying documents,
submitted the following Report in part:
That although they did not deem it neces
lary or proper to go int^ an investigation oi
j the authenticity of the documents communi
cated to congress on the responsibility of a
co-ordinate branch of the government; it
k:v ncYtrthelevs be satisfactory to the house
to be informed, that the original papers with
the evidences reluting to them, in possession
of the executi ve, voue submitted to their ex
amination, cud were such as fully to satisfy
Hit committee of their genuineness.
Vne circumstances under which the dis
dosores of Henry were made to the go
ttmment, invoiv i.g considerations ol poiiti
cd expediency, have prevented the commit
ted from nuking those disclosures, the basis
d any proceeding against him. And from
tot careful concealment on his part of my cir
camstonce which could lead to the discovery
lQd punishment of any individuals within the
^ (should there be any such) who were
tn3Huaiiy connected with him, no distinct
was presented to the committee, by
Us communication, for the exercise of tlie
uith which they were i: vested, of
JMingfor persons and papers. On being
formed, however, that there was a xorcign
^ *n the City of Washington, who lately
C‘nit t0 this country from Europe with Ilcn
. (Count J£c'*:urd tic Critter J ar.d was tv.p
F-Mlobc in Lis CQr.n-Jence, the.committee
proper to send for him. Kis r.xa
t:)k •;» under oath, and reduced to
o’ ti e\ hcfcv iih transmitter the house
1*. j
l*' b'ar^'.cuon disclosed bv thePi'tsiueiU’s
' •»" -st',us to the minds of the com
‘ r e'i.^ivc l .ddence that the British
‘ y , at a period of peace, and during
j. fiicnaly professions, have been de
k )• -C' 1 ^ perfidiously pursuing measures
Vlc^ these States, and to involve our citi
in ii
* b the guilt of treason, and the horrors
tic ' Msar* It is not, however, the inten
k ° y^' c’:,*nnittee to dwell upon a proceed
I ^ a, at ail times and among all nations,
C“ Cui‘tidered as one of the most ag
*l ^ Cnai*cur ; and which, from the na
ture of our government, depending on a virtu
ous union of sentiment, ought to be regarded
by us with the deepest abhorrence.
The deposition of Count Crilion accompa
nying the above report is long and contains
nothing of importance being merely a relation
of the circumstances of his acquaintance with
Henry. [It shall appear as soon as a copy
can be procured.]
The report was ordered te lie on the table
and be printed.
| The house resumed the consideration of the
unfinished business of yesterday. Mr. Gold’s
motion to recommit the bill making further
! appropriation for the corps of engineers,
' which was under consideration when the
i house adjourned, was adopted, and the bill rc
! committed av.-d made the order of the day for
? to-morrow.
The Mouse in committee of the whole, Mr.
i Bassett in the chair, on a bill admitting the
i state of Louisiana into the Union.
Mr. Johnson’s motion to annex part of
West Florida to that state under consideration,
A debate ensued and the motion was newly
i ed.
Mr. Giiolson offered a proviso which in
feci was nearly the. same as the mot: n made
by Mr.'Johnson. Al\zi some discussion vu:
propositi* n was adopted . Tne co::-.:".
rose mkI reported the I/il and the house lc- •
JC7* The writer of a piece in a u non-dr- j
I script” uTdTiied about si:; miles iron
i it..
I Alexandria must recollect that the owner of
j a glass hci.se ought not to throw 6ton s. j
I However Ac may L ■ connected with the Wal- 1
poles cf the present day, we are not. thank |
G*d, and never expect to be. We glory toe j
much in the freedom which was our birth- !
right to be either bribed or frightened fro.:,
the free expression of our opinions. The
threats which we have lately seen in certain
newspapers have been uniformly treated with
merited contempt : No American could have
written them, unless hi? conscience had been
f seared with a red hot iron : However oth-rn
| may be instructed in their duty, by menaces
from a certain quarter, we recavd them not:
We shall endeavor to pursue a correct course,
undismayed by the chief managers,
41 Justinn e tc.aocin proponti virura,
Non eivium aid. • prava jubenlium,
Non vultutt iml'intis turanni
Monte qualit soiido, neipr Auster
Duxinouieti turbidus \drkc,
JSfc c fu bn muni is in og na nun ? us Jov is. ”—
44 More Anon.”
j Translated for the Alexandria Gazette.
Bonaparte, when at Berlin and Milan, issu
I cd two decrees, most degrading to the civiii
i zation of Europe. As retaliatory to these
‘ were the Orders in Council promulgated by
! Great-Britain, who bv this wise measure, op
j posed with proper dignity tiie infernal snares
! which were cloaked under these French de*
j crees. By this blow, has the neutral system
| been ever since almost entirely annihilated,
1 .1 tt. i c....... ) .__ :_ 11
clilU liJC Ui li'.ui ui^ii liitjsi liiulwOi mu)
! injured in their commerce.
President Madison, in his message to Con
i gross, asserts, that these obnoxious decrees
j have been repealed, when this undoubtedly
; has never been the case, and when no evidence
j of such repeal can be adduced. With what
j propriety then, can ?*Ir. Madison complain of
j England for not modifying the restrictions im
j posed by her commercial decrees ? In a word,
’ this chief of the American administration has
I displayed the most servile complaisance to
1 wards Bonaparte, and exhibited every dispo
} sitiou to nourish the flame of discord in Spa
s i.ish America, hoping by this means to do*
i svrov this rich and flourishing country. His
’ conauct has been as unjustifiable and unfed
i ig, a*-, that of Grcat-Britain lias been nobie
* and generous, in the affair of Floridas. The
, agents of France arc freely admitted and pro
; tec ted in tlic U- S. where they arc plotting
: trie destruclion of Spain. Spain is entitled to
a different conduct, and has claims upon the
gratitude of the U. S. The warlike attitude
; which Mr. Madison appears disposed to take,
cannot but be to the detriment of the prospe
rity and internal resources of his own country.
. The work of the immortai Washington is in
danger of being destroyed, if jMr. Madison
docs not abandon the path he is now pursuing.
■ i ‘
! As the inhabitants of many parts of Spain, were
entirely deprived of subsistence, they were com
pelled from necessity to take up arms, as the
only expedient to obtain asnpport. Such are the
consequences which French rapacity has pro
duced'in this indolent and peaceful nation.—
It i9 observed in the British papers* that if Bo
naparte hgs destroyed many countries, it is be
cause the refinements of luxury had enervat
ed their original strength and stability. But
this is not the case with Spain, for the whole
nation has been seen to rise in all her undaunt
ed energy and elementary vigor. It is not na
tional pride which induces *us to encourage
{fettering hopes. The fifth year of our strug
gle lias begun. Aversion and resistance a
gainst our enemy are increasing rapidly.—
Mean time we are improving ourselves in mi
litary tactics and in the art of governing—the
results of our experience. The year 1812
i will bo one of the most interesting of our re
volution. We have at last a national repre
sentation, and have established the foundations
for our future government. Fine drawn the
ories are not sufficient for us ; but the man
who will cause the laws to be respected, and
' justice administered, shall be considered the
| real genius of our revolution, which, being
| contemplated with astonishment by other na
j tions, will furnish them a noble example for
j imitation. The resistance of the Spanish peo
t pit has dissipated the illusion of the irresistible
* , •
■ troubles of Spanish America have taken a fa
* vorablo turn ; our allies are sincerely dispos
! cd tov.:d>. us, arid the mutual interest of
■ tiffin do abundant grounds for hope.
I '
From the Connecticut Courant.
Experience h.;s been schooling mankind
c .:: star tu* thousands of years. Some few
who docile and sharp-sighted, she gently
!• ;s the hand, or points them onward witn
e finger; so that they escape the traps and
• snares which are laid for their feet in the path
! of nfe. Others, who are forward and pur
niind, she whips unmercifully ; yet the greater
part of them grow never the wiser either for
! her lessons of her lashes.
All history is as it were one great chart
drawn by the hand of experience; on the
! which are distinctly marked down, the nu
| merous eddies, rocks, shoals and quicksands,
that arc met with in the voyage of life. We
need but look over this chart, or map, careful
ly. and we see bow some who began the voy
ge of life prosperously, have been dashed
against thti rock, and others swallowed up in
that whirlpool; how some have plunged head
long into ihi: particular pitiki, and others have
been caught in thti particular snare.—And
thus we might profit from the disasters ol
those who have gone before us, and by shun
ning their course, might avoid their ruin.—
Yet these advantages for the prudent steerage
of human life, are lost upon the bulk of man
| kind t tliev refuse to grow wise from the expe
rience of others, and arc driven headlong by
their p ssiens into the same tracks which thou
sands and millions before them had trodden to
their own destruction.
And as with individuals, so with nations,
they don’t profit, as they might do, by the
history of the nations that preceded them,
or are their cotemporaries. If we cast our
eyes over the lines and characters which ex
perience lias been marking down, from age
to age, ever since the beginning of the world,
we cannot help seeing by what means nations
have been exalted, and by what means they
have fallen ; how political freedom has been
acquired, how it lias been preserved, and how
it has been lost. Tims the records of expe
rience are constantly accumulating, and every
generation has a fairer opportunity to grow
wise, than the one that preceded it. This is
plain in theory, but docs not appear in fact;
I Civ IC-U 'V L V.«-» CU^ vaivwi. v..wv •»>.v|.» -
{ reasonably expected. Every age produces a
? full crop of knaves and simpletous; the for
[ mer being the hammer, and the latter the anvil,
i The same political tricks, to dupe the people
and cheat them out of their rights, under co
lour of extraordinary zeal for their interests,
have been played olV in the eighteenth and
nineteenth centuries, with as much success as
J they were thousands of years ago. In rain
j the vastly accumulated volume of experience
j lies open. In vain the spectres, as it were, of
» fallen republics pass ?Iong in solemn proces
| sion, and point the present generation to the
1 laUil courses of their ruin : unheeded they
{ pass along and their warnings are lost.
\ Nations, as well ns individuals, if they ne
• gleet to acquire visdom cheaply from the cx
1 pericncc of others, must buy it dear by their
! own experience : and happy (or them if they
* do not 'get it too late. It is commonly said
! that bought wit is the best. It is so in some
respects; more especially as it usually sticks
by one the longest, and wears the best. But
very frequently it is either bought at a oearei
rate than the purchaser can a fiord, or too late
{ to be of any service. A burnt child will be
the more careful how he gets again into the
fire; but if he be burnt mortally, the wit gum
. td by it will do him very little good.
I Now to apply this to our own country ; the
people of the United States have enjoyed all
; along a pretty comfortable sense of their own
importance. They have esteemed themselves
to oe the most enlightened as well as the freest
people upon the earth. Certainly they have
; had superior privileges, and superior means
for securing and perpetuating them. They
have had warnings innumerable Irom the fate
of other nations. Where now are all the free re
publics, ancient and modern, of the continent
of Europe ? u Death and destruction say, we
'4 • • ii
havfe heard the fame 6f thetti with bu*
They all have gone the sarne^ way ; they p£s
risked by the same means. Their ruins ar6
beacons to warn ut>. Are the people of thft
United States the wiser for all this? On the
contrary, it is cridently true that they are fol
lowing the footsteps of those once free and
happy nations which lost their liberties by theli?
own folly and madness. They wantonly throw
away the lights of history, and are deaf to the
warnings of former ages. The clear evident^
of their own senses they set at defiance. A
fish that has been once pricked, shuns the
hook : not so they. Experience, even their’
own expedience, has whipt and thumpt tbetii
soundly; but can neither beat in wisdom, oir
beat out folly. Jcshurun-like, they “ waxed
fat, and kicked.” When their prosperity was
in the full tide, and they had every thing that
heart could wish, they discarded the wise and
honest statesmen who, under Providence, had
ruised them to the pinnacle of political happi
ness, and exalted those men who flattered it*
order to fleece them. Themselves must fceb
by this time, that our nation ha» fallen, im*
measurably fallen from its high state ; that it
is impoverished, weakened and distracted, by
mad arid futile projects, and is held in scorn
abroad ; and that every succeeding session of
congress only serves to make 46 confusion
worse confounded.” They see this; yet they
. obstinately refuse to retrace their steps. WitS
eves open, they rush forward towards the pre-'
cipice. They still discard and reproach thb
men who were the instruments of raising iherrf
to a condition of political happiness beyond ail
parallel. They still cleave to the men whb
_ i--> «u,.____ l *_: — _._
OV/VII UJG UiCcWJO ' 'i tilt/ tUUmi f
into disgrace and distress, and to the verge of
ruin ; as if those who had brought it info thii
abject condition were the most proper per
sons to raise and restore it. Reason pleads
with them in vain: conscience and regard t<5
country, plead in vain. Self will, having itt
fixture in party rancor, prevails over every
thing else. They had rather give tip a yard
of conscience than an inch of will. They
would seemingly let the country sink, so th&
leaders of their party might rise on its ruins
and riot in its spoils.
And what must follow ? Experience at \o.5$
will give them such reproofs and scourge
ings, as they can neither despise nor forge? ~=»*
They will have bought wit in plenty, but it
will be bought too dear, and perhaps come tear
Detained this life yesterday, Mr. Charles
Love, an inhabitant of this town. Iiis friend®
and acquaintances are invited to attend hi®
burial at the Episcopal Burying Ground, thia
dav at 1 1 o’clock.
ON Tuesday next, the SMth instant, will be
sold at the Vendue Store, a variety of
Household & Kitchen Furnituret
The property of Mr. E. Lunt, deceased.
March 20 dts
ViLiNisOiM hams. '
JUST received ur.d lor S <Ie. a lew hundred
weight nice VENISON HAMS.
Wrn. Garner.
March 20 3t
James Gullatl.
March 20
A handsome two s’ory BRICK HOUSE
1jLon Duke street, between Union & Wa*
ter streets, at present occupied loy captain
William \Vrihon. The House is in complete
orcicr, with good cellars, and is well calcu
lated to accommodate a genteel family
Possession may be bad the ist of April
next. Apply to the subscriber.
Horace Field.
March '0 eotf
Txoenty Dot ars Reward.
T>A N AWAY from the subscriber, on
It Monday the second day of March, ii»
Ch* rles County, State of Maryland, a bright
ulatto Man by the name of PHIL, com
monly called PHIL WHEELER, about fivo
fact eight or nine inches high, .stout aiul ac
tive, about thirty years of age, has remark
ably grey eyes. Pie is a good fiddler, anil
j coarse shoe-maker ; had cn a homespun
yarn and cotton round jacket and pantaloons;
t icre i: no doubt he will change his clothes;
it is therefore thought unnecessary to de
scribe them more particularly. Phil is an
artful fell >w, lets two wives in the county,
one at Mr- Wm Courts, Paccawaxen, the
other at Mr Walter Jearrsons, near Port
Tobacco. Tea Delia:s will be given, if
taken in the County ; sitd it out of the
Male ami secured in any J. il so that l get
in in again, the above Rew ard, ana all rca
souabic chaixo-, pjid, if brought home.
Thomas D. Tubman.
N j3. AH masters of vessels, or other
persons, are hereby forewarned fr; m haloi
ng or employ iig tiu rb v- r es rib. d N< -
^ro man at their peril , or ui.cL* s vut st
penalties of the Uw, * D *
Match 5# . ■

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