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Alexandria daily gazette, commercial & political. [volume] (Alexandria [Va.]) 1808-1812, April 02, 1812, Image 2

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ALEXAHBRIA BAILY GAZETTE.
fOUAlERCIAL & POLITICAL.
printed and published by
SAMUEL SNOWDEN,
ROrAL-SMEET, ALEXANDRIA.
JOrnlty Gazette, * Dvlfart.
Country Gazette, 5 Dollars,
THURSDAY, APRIL 2.
AGRICULTURE.
« Ye sage Columbians, venerate the plough:
And o’er your hills, and long withdrawing
vales,
Let autumn spread his treasures to the sun,
Luxuriant and unbounded ; As the seas,
Far through his azure turbulent domain,
Your commerce bears, and from a thousand
shores
Wafts all the pomp of life into your ports ;
So, with superior boon, may your rich soil,
Exuberant, Nature’s better biessings pour
O’er every land the hungry nations teed,
And be the exhaustless granary of the world !”
For the American Daily Jldverliser.
FARMERS!
Now harrow your Winter Grain Fields,
Let those who will not believe ’till they
see trv parts of their fields for future com
parison with those parts left unharrowed.
The fear of disturbing a sinail portion
tu cJukiiii! h-4Vf> un A
u 1 1111/ --— ~ ' -
light burrow, in the direction of the rows
of grain, will injure but lew ; and these
will he compensated for, ten fold. Those
who sow Clover on their grain, will find
the great benefit of this operation. Even
Timothy will thrive; though some who
sow it in the fall are apprehensive of los
in°* it. these, in future, sow the Ti
mothy wit it the Clover in the spring, and
harrow .both in together. Timothy sown
in the spring, and thus harrowed in, wii'
not eh oak the wheat; as it often decs,
when sown in the fuU.
» the 2d Volume of the memoirs of
the Fitil del phi* Agricultural Society, pa
ges 9 and t‘J—and 1st volume, page 88.
A writer in the 2d Vet time remark* :—
a I remember, many years ago, reading
a very well written paper on this subjet.
This writer, besides detailing the results
of -nndry experiments, gives likewise the
Rationale, in something like the following
words. “In every instance where tb**
soil has been finally pulverised, whether
by harrowing or frost, or by any other
means; if heavy rains succeed and after
wards drv weather, a hard and compact
crust. or euke is O.ued all aver the sni*
face, in which the young plants of Wheel
Rve. Barley or Oofs, stand f*\ed as it
growing out of a brick wall, and by pees
sirig against their tender sides, prevent
the' expansion ot their parts.” v j
Look now over you r fields; and see the
justice of this description.
The writer goes on u> show, that this
hard crust prevents access of light and
air to the roots; so necessary to prcauce
To^etation. It is deprived of moisture, J
ana full ofinnumerable cracks which har
bour insects, to prey on the tender radi
eles and plants. ** Bat by passing a Iigli*
harrow over the grain in the spring, as
$>on as the ground is so much hardened
a? to bear the Horses feet without sinking,
the young plants are relieved :Vera that
umatural pressure; a free access is given
to the light; a-'d ir to the roots. By
stirring up the sol! i new fermentation
is produced, and the li;fie insects are dis
lodged from their subterraneous habita
tions ; all theh* operations disconcerted;
und they left to perish by the intfuencr
of the sun and weather. By (his opera
tion* the grain in a few days, acquires .*
fresh vigour, equal if not superior to wh ;»
might he produced by a top dressing.*
Slight not the advice of
An Old Practical I <rr:c».
INTERESTING TO F VRML113.
On lhe Siberian or Waked Wheat.
By a fortunate accident l obtained
from a pierclisnt in Boston, in January j
last, a half a bushel which he imported j
from Russia, of this invaluable grain, as j
respects our cold northern regions. Small j
samples will be delivered to each of toe*
members of tiic Berkshire Agricultural!
Society, by applying to Thomas B. Strong
or to the subscriber in Pittsfield ; or to
Dr. Caleb Hyde la Lenox, personally or
by order.
% For the information of the public, the
following is in substance extracted from
Varlo’s Husbandry* 2d voi. page 263—
published in 1795, by *n English farmer
residing iben in America.
E. WATSON.
MawachiuelU, Vlh March 1812.
Yxino states that the naked wheat is •
a native of Siberia, one of the coldest ?
countries in the worlds covered with snowr j
9 months in the year. That it is the
chief support of the inhabitants, and ve
getates and grows quickr the grain sniall
full and hardy with a thin skin—that he
ascertained its valuers pounds of Eng
lish w heat was made info a loaf, the avlq
quantity of Siberian, and both baked to
gether/ The English loaf weighed 15ih.
the Siberian 18lb. when baked, and both
equal in quality. That the S<her,.an pro
duces only half the quality of bran, and
as it partakes partly of barley in its na
ture, it makes good Ale.
That when it lirst arrived in England
he procured only a half a wine glass full,
intending to s. w it in April, hut by mis
take it was not sowed till the 7th June,
and it yielded a grood crop. The ensuing
year he dibbled in each grain a foot apart
in April, and it yielded 2000 fold. That
it exceeds any grain for increase, and
grows better on bad land—but yields bet
ter in proportion to its goodness, ihe
proper season to sow’ about the 10th A
pril (probably 1st May here)—he advised
to plough deep, or even to trench plough,
that is tw ice in the same furrow—to dibble
in each seed with a setting stick, a. foot a
part, as it stools out greatly and injures
the crop to sow it thick. That it costs
only about 3s. Sterling an acre in England
and will require in this modconiy 12 quarts
to an acre. One man can cover 2 acres
a day with u rake—and grass seed may he
sown before the ground is raked. I here
are tw o kinds of wheat in Siberia.
From the Connecticut Courant
An A/ifiestl to facts on the sufject of Union
ists und Anti-untoi is?4?.
One of the many infernal lies which
have been (old and often repeated, wit It a
I view to disgrace the federal party and
i brand it with infamy, is, that it has been
• wishing, and sometimes actually plotting,
! to dissolve the union of (he states, The
1 Presiurnt’s coiiimanieaiion ol A are.)
is intended to make, at least a tan:;/ uiry
impression of this kind fcurwmg bic igua
rarit. am!, by suck a false impression to de
feat the election of the venerable Strong;
a -man too w ise and honest net •!*» b? both
iViired and bated by poliXieai knave*.
As it is an old saying, or. ?.i! burnt j ac
knowledged to Ik? true, that facts speak
!-.:udijr than words, we in this ease appeal
c facts : let the following speak for them
selves.
4. The federalists to a m;n\ wefe the
;rigiuai friends and advocates of a union
( the status under the present t<onslitu
i.ion of government: and (his very (king
,-usi <r;»Tc (hern the name of federalists;
;» that they ye re favourers of a
! federal compact and union of the states,
;ls h: messed in the constitution. Oa the
other hand* the sic inkers of (he other po
litic?.! party* to l. mstii. were arrayed in
onposit.ion to the consviiusmn ; mm aeuee
<Lev were first called, ami even calk'd
thomsrdvos, anti federalists; lac which
original name, finding it to he unpopular,
they cunningly charged to that of repub
} leans* One ot the most furious of those
anti federalists, or opposvrs of ortr federal
constij ution, was i5 L ti 11! I?* £ t G G < •] Y.
2. There have been two forms Juh’e in
surrections iu Pennsylvania, ia eacn of
which the Saws of the federal government
were resisted, sword in hard, &. by e^ch of
which, the union was threatened with dis
utmn. The federalists had no concern
in thos;' insurreet|ons, unless lx quailing
them a id paying their share of the great
expence which they eo=t the nation.—
Phase insurgents, hy whom the whole
country was threatened with arnareiiy,
v e genuine democrats - led on. or abe.t
(f ! by a number of men who have been
conspicuous leaders of democracy ever
since.
3. In the year 17?5, t he fallow mg ex
traordinary notice was given in a ughim
paper.—*• Notice ishweby given, lUr*. *n
»« case t!ic t v..y entered into by that
*. d_d arc!*-traitor John Jny, cith the
•* licitisii tyrant s;iou»d be mimed* a pet.i
.. tion will be presented, to the next Ge
« ncr;il Assembly of Virginia at their
.» session, praying that the said s».itc
may recede fi *..i the union, and be left
a under the government and protection of
« One Hundred Thousand Free and hide
»• pendent Virginians?9
i. At t: ie time of the contest in Con
gress, whether Jefferson or Burr should
be president, the General Assembly of Vir
ginia, though they had finished their bu
siness, continued the session, and gave out
threats that if the choice did not fall ou
Jefferson, Virginia would recede from the
uuiou. By a parity of reason, good old
Virginia, the parent and the nurse of de
mocracy, would act the same part again,
if the claims of her own son, Madison,
should happen to be warmly contested at
the next election, hj another New Yorker;
or indeed by any man out of the Ancient |
Dominion, however good a democrat he
might be.
5. A few years since, congress, our ex
ecutive, and a considerable part of tho
country, were terror-struck bv a daring
conspirator; insomuch that a writ of /m
Icns corpus was arbitrarily suspended, and
officers of the army and other agents ot
the president, arrested men, tore them
from their families, threw them into pri
sons, or transported them several hundred
miles for trial, in defiance of law and to
the utter prostration of the rights ot free
citizens. That daring conspirator had
not a single drop of federal biood in his
veins. He had been one of the first, ot
the most active and efficient men in the
j whole nation, in rearing the temple ot de
! moeracy. The name of Aaron Burr de
! serves to be inscribed in capitals on the
: front of that temple.
Now look on the other side. What in
surrection, what conspiracy, has ever been
; made by federalists ? None. They are
I not the men for such work. They have
I complained under political intolerance and
persecution.” They have boldly remon
: strated. What Mr. Giles, Mr. Troup,
! and other leading democrats, have done
| lately, they (the federalists) did iongago.
From firs*, to last, they have considered
n.miir /iT *!•./* mnociiwsii)' £fl m mi wf i*;s _
JA I <4.1 A^f v w --- ^ ...
tion us partial, weak, contemptible, and
ruinous to our country. But in no in
stance have they risen up in armed oppo
sition to law’.
I
From the Vermont Washingtonian
AMERICA INDEPENDENT.
How ridiculous tiers that man render
himself who sets up, in society, for a state
of i11<icp<vm!oni? of his neigh hors ?—
dust so wivh nations. What nation,
(except Ike rudest Savages, who have had
no Intercourse with the Whites) whai o
thevna-ion is independent of tiie rest of
the world?—i: The U. States,”—says
Governor Gerry to the Legislature,—
“ are independent ofevery foreign nation.”
Yes—suys the Legislature, in their an
swer—4i intirely independent of foreign
nations. (V> agriculture and manufac
tures can easily supply all our wants.”
So said the President-and so echoed
Congress—and thus non-intercourse and
non-importation became the ,ordei* oT the
day ; and “ ou~ trade is at once cut o!F
with mi parts of the world.”
But, al as! how weak and short-sighted j
are poor erring mortals !—
Upon looking at our engagements with
the Indians, it was Found, that we are not
*t intirelv independent.” And so the See
reiary of war begs Congress to pass a j
law allowing us to go to our enemy for a
ft -.v Indian goods, as indispensably neces
sary to tl.e fulfilment of our Treaty, with
even the Savage Tribes !!! And thus ends
the Ores of our Commercial Iudepen- j
deuce,
It is by no means the richest, or the
most powerful man in society, who is the
most independent. Bui he who can cir
cumscribe Iris wants within the narrowest
compass. The poor tenant of a log hut,
0:1 the green mountain, who can support \
uis chihhvn on roasted potatoes, and has j
taught them no higher luxury; is perhaps j
i.;e most independent man in b errnoui.
The Savage, who can go longest without
food, and without covering, is esteemed
the greatest and most independent man.
From tiiis c’rcurastaace &*onc lie isolten
elected a chief.
There Is u T< of Savages beyond tl.e
sources of the Miv^sippi, which in per
haps the most independent nation on
i'\d ghihe, ri'lie couitry is full of
liuFi-Ai.o'-.s: and this animal supplies
all their wants, its meat is their food;
ifs skia covers them: its sinews string
their taw s—and they are ** intirHy,” and
(j uly, « independent of all foreign na
tions”—How enviable their lot!! And
how mortifying to Governor Gerry and
his “ independent” Legislature, must be
a comparison between the state of this
truly “ independent” Tribe and that of our
own government stooping from the high
ground of independence it had taken, and
suspending the whole system of its res
trictive energies—merely to import a few
Blankets for the Indians: and to enable
our independent government to fuliil its
contracts ^ f
When will the age of Philosophy pass
away ,• and that of reason and common
sense return ?—
I
,igg$§0 I
A LEXA;\ DiUA ' " ' I
j TKUHSiMY
a l o SHfe\y I
THF VERY AGE AM) BODY Oy Th-. f j
UIS FORM AN!) PRKSSt UK.*' & * ' *l [I
| j
1 &T7r> I|ie usual Premiums at A.r„ I
J 30th April, 1812. “nS1ci'~J
UNANIMITY. I
Some of the Admioistration-foiks s|p i
gret-t joy at Henry’s “ disclosures,” ^^'1
that toe Federalists are sorely gal.ed !>•• ;y T
The publications in the Democratic all
l however, prove that many of Mr. M .j;!,, • I
ostensible friends have been stung to the I
In the Baltimore American, which is s ;i(j,'1
be a leading republican paper in that quarter I
we have noticed an Essay on the subject, from I
which we have only time at present to mike»I
few extracts. The writer says :
“The custom of governments in buying I
state secrets, has been pleaded invindicitit.nl
of the purchase made by admlr.istraticnctthe I
.lt--iA..,Hn. ,.r rj t_ _.. i
, v.i xii ley.) touiisplea, I
assert, that if the custom has prevailed in o
thcr governments, it is so dishonorable a prac
tice that nongovernment has ever dared to
adopt it, ot to justify it, in any state docu
ment, in any diplomatic correspondence, to the
best of my recollection. In truth, all govern
ments are interested in pulling down the
practice, because it exposes them to the un
principled impositions of foreign traitors, and
reduces them to the level of those traitors'"
What Federal writer ever said more than
i
this—that our administration had reduced
themselves to a level so infamous ?—-Read
j what this Baltimore Democrat says in another
! part of his Essay :
“ I beg it to be distinctly understood, that
to my mind the amount of the sum paid to
Henry jis of no importance. No pecuniary
standard can be erected f<*r die value of sound
Sc honorable political principles. MILLIONS
could not compensate the American nation
for the conversion of their government into a
government of capricious political expedien
cy, and of vile /lolitical traffic, 1 be constitu
tion is not worth a cent, if tlie public money
can be used in aid of executive patronage, to
! buy political adventurers ot talents, wnc^
profligacy would induce them, for money, to
write down that constitution and the liberty of
the nation with it.”
Recollect, gentle reader, the above is not*
federal effution : it lias emanated from ti«e
pure source of genuine republicanism* 1! “
Federalists have only said that Henry lo»>o*-d
fifty thousand dollars ; but this writer asseiw
that M Millions” cannot repair our loss. ^'
should not be surprised to hear tnat anota
mission had been u offered” in the si:, p
hush-money, or, in Henry’s language, -in
sulate sine cur a.
We are not about to justify cither H'-M
or the writer above quoted. 1 hcrc ! 'ua
truth, however, in his publication. ^
pronounce no positive opinion. A"
we arc sensible, is full ol hypocrisy . h 1S
of our power to decide who were toe duj
the late transaction,—who were the detei ^
—or what was the object of the p('-11*1^ k „
We uait with anxiety for the “ disclosure ^
of Time, the great and unbought rcvt'“lU[
secrets. Yet of this much we are convince 5
that
__« There are men, whose vi»*SfS
Do cream and Mantle like a standing 1"'
Who do a tuli/ul stillness cntcrUiWi
On purpose to be drest up in ophu .
Of wisdom, gravity, profound ccnC
As who should say,—“ I am Sir 0rtU‘ ^
And when I opc my mouth, let (-u^>
•*t'rnst prevail'
There seems to'bc a strong on» • ^
ing among '.be rulers of tins „f
is generally the case with a '''t','|MStivci,
people, who, judging of others n .|y
are always suspicious of fraud an
r

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