I.--;' h EX AX D RI A#
^5^ MORNING, April 8.
“ TO 5HKW
lg(*Rt AGS AND BOB? Of 1MB TI>»*
S1S toi* AN-n thkmohk.
BANK OR AMERICA.
The authority lately exercised by Governor
Tos'kbs ofj New-York, in proroguing the
pgiiiiture of that state, has justly excited
considerable sensation. I hose who wore con
fired his political ’friends have solemnly
I Mrainst this aibitrarv step. What
wuld have prompted Gov. Tomkins to re
jett to it, is in jiart explained in his regal
mandate,ordering the Legislature to disperse.
He may however, be influenced by other con
dtrutim. We should not be suipiiscci to
hear that, should the Governor’s conduct on
: this occasion render him unpopular in his o\rn
itate, he will be handsomely rewarded from
uother quarts r. *
It presents but a sorry example of rc/mhli
nn purity, to find that party continually re
proaching esch other with fraud, corruption
tndbribery. These are assigned as some of
;ae Governor’s reasons for his opposition to
the Back. The Republican members of the
Legislature, in ®p)y to this charge, indig
Kiitiy inquire,—“ whether it was decorous
id proper for the executive to cast any ini
[pHtstions of corruption, and that merely from
public report, on the acts of any legislature ?
toit comport with the respect and dignity
w? to the legislative powers of a state, for
il)< executive to assail their independence by
tiHihg their purhy in question V*—And they
sarcastically add,—%i zvell might the legis
\ktirt resort to similar charge# on the executive?
lft(i thus produce an unceasing hostility be
tWeen the different branches of the govern
taert” We $ha!l not undertake to decide
party is most entitled to this honorable
l^e. We see no/roo/'&dvanced on cither
u:ie oi Gov. Tomkins’s objections to the
is comic*! enough. He says,—“Can it
Wlse to increase our banking capital in an
aPrece(Iented manner, at a time when we
are 0,lly » very limited and restricted com
4erce left ?”—Thus, then, we sec the nature
• democratic manoeuvring. By the silly con
°^our government, commerce is not on
' CS5€ntially injured, but by their positive
?ef| ^n\ost annihilated ; and yet this state
brought about by their own acts, is
* Piea for destroying an institution to
* ^bich they bear a mortal hatred !
f c believe this prorogation of the* New
^ legislature is the first instance of the
^ *hich hus occurred in this country since
^ Solution. For aught we know, it may
Waring wedge for investing a certain
Magistrate with similar ower. The
^republicans may approve ofit; but
^CSS ^ approaches at least as near to the
^ Prerogative of the British monarch as
ct of federal times, both in “ form and
lt generally understood that
' " vva,^ted an addition of ten*
to ^je regular arm*, yet Ccn
s insiSt oi . * 3
ki ^ uP°n raising twenty-five thou
^ Emr '' VL'; Madison recommend
j, ^ ^ur sixty days, and Congress
go for ninety days. Why are
J the views of the Executive thwarted in this
\ manner ? Are Congress eager to take the re
sponsibility of every measure upon them- j
selves ? If they wish to have the credit of all
the measures pursued, the president, we think,
can surrender it to them with very little mor
Some think that Congress wish in this sly
way to convince the nation that Mr. Madison
docs not possess sufficient energy. This may
be the case ; and if so, it will be necessary to
resort to some new counterplot to defeat the
political stratagem. Mr. Madison will pro
bably find it difficult to sustain bis character
in the great drama at the approaching repre
sentation. The comedy of Who wants a Gui
nea ; and the afterpiece of Who's the Dupe ?
met with very little success this season ; in
deed, it is thought the managers lost by bring
■ ing it forward. Brides, the Opposition House
possesses a great variety of performers ; and
although they are not first rate actors, Mr.
Madison may bo overpowered even by a nu
merous host of supernumeraries : for it is a
correct but trite adage, 44 Two heads are bet
ter than one. even if one’s a.
Congress of the Unitfid Stales. I
HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES. j
Frida r, April 4, 1812.
[P.C POUTED FOR THIS GaZBTTE/J
Mr. Sybert presented the petition of Oliver j
Evans, stating that he has been unjustly charg- j
cd with extorting unreasonable sums for li- ]
i • •__—. .1. A _ i
Ctriiucb lO •l'aL \:ls> uii|;.uvui:uhj hi ui'- maiiu- j
facture of flour* which has operated lo the in
jury of other inventors by causing their peti
tions for the extention of patent terms to be
rejected. lie prays that Congress will, hi or
der to prevent such injurious effects toother
patentees, limit his demands for licences to
three per cent, interest on the sums that the
users of such improvements may be ad judged
by a court and jury, to gain by the use of them,
' provided a sufficient term be given to make it
an object, which the present term of 14 years
certainly is not; which he moved to be refer
red to the committee of the whole house, and
* that the reading of the petition be dispensed !
Mr. Lewis rose and requested the petition I
to be read ; after which he said, he was glad |
that an opportunity hnd been offered by the
petitioner himself, of investigating the sub
ject of his petition; but as the committee of
: the whole house was not the proper place for
such an investigation, lie moved the reference
i of his petition to a select committee, where
; the subject could be thoroughly examined,
; and a specific and detailed report made upon
: it. Mr. L. added, that from his knowledge,
• the conduct of Oliver Evans or his agents, or
I both, had been such as to diegust every per
j son concerned with his inventions for manu
: facturir.g flour, and had done much to injure
! the fair claims of others for patent inventions;
: that such had been the exorbitant extortions,
and vexations demands of the patentee, that
. he had intended to institute some enquiry into
the nature of his claim, but that he hacl some
difficulty as to the mode.
The petition was referred to a select com
; mittee of five.
Tuespat April 7.
Mr. Newton from the committee of
I commerce and manufactures, laid before
| the House a letter from the Secretary
the Treasury, recommending the purchase of
the Old City Hal! in the city of New-York for
j a custom-house, and reported a bill authoriz
ing the purchase or lease of the Old City Hull
in the city of New-York. Read twice and re
ferred to a committee of the whole house for
Mr. Gholson from the committee of claims
made an unfavorable report on the petition o1
-Marshall, which was concurred in by
Mr. Morrow from the committee on the
public lands, reported the bill from the Senate
for incorporating Moses Austin and others in
to a lead mine company, without amendments
Referre d to a committee of the whole house.
Mr. Law from the select committee to
whom were referred the petitions of Marv
Palmer and Edward Hancock, jun. of Stoning,
ton in Connecticut, made an unfavorable report
on the same, which was concurred in by the
' 9 £
Mr. Porter had leave of absence from
Thursday next, for six weeks.
The Speaker laid before the House a letter
from the Secretary of the Treasury, contain* j
ing an account of the receipts and expendi- |
Hires of the United States for the year 1811.
A message from the President of-the U.
; States, received yesterday, in obedience to a
j resolution of the House, was read, containing
a report of the superintendant of the City of
Washington, and a letter from D. H. Latrobe,
relative to that subject. Referred to the com- !
miltee of ways and means.
Mr. Key offered the following: Resolved, j
that a committee be appointed to enquire !
\ whether any and what additional compensa- .
jj tion should he allowed to the superintendant j
of Indian affairs, in consequence of increased
! duties imposed on that officer by law. Adopt
» ed,and a committee of five appointed.
The amendments of the Senate to the bill •
j anthoming a detachment of the militia of the i
\ United States, were taken up and agreed to. !
The only material amend rnent made by the j
1 Senate, is the abolition of corporeal punish* !
| ment, and substituting in lieu thereof stop
j page of pay, rations, See.
A hill from the Senate giving further time
| to the claifftants of land in me eastern district
I of Orleans to fife evidence of their claims
| with the register, was read a first anti second
| time and referred to the committee cn public
The Speaker read a letter from N. Roun- \
Saveli, explanatory of the motives by which j
no was guiaet; in rciusmg to answer the in- j
terrogatory pul to him yesterday. He stated
that he was aceidtniaiiy present at a comer
-ution tlut passed between members, who had
no intention of divulging secrets, or treating
the house with disrespect; that he had not
been permitted to explain his testimony before
he committee ; that he was unwilling to
oring under the censure of the house any
member who la-a! no intu tion of violating'tnc
obligation ol secrecy, bcc.
Mr. Smiiie then su.ted that he communicat
ed the ihtormalion oi the proceedings of the
nouse to the delegate from the Indiana terri
tory [Mr. Jennings j at his lodgings on his
return fioin the capitol, knowing that the
witness was present, (Mr. Jennings not having :
been at the capitol.)
Mr. jdinings confirmed the statement of !
Mv. Calhoun stated his motives for giving
information to Mr. Quincy and Mr. Chcves .
Mr. Randolph having declared his intention
ol communicating the information to his
Mends ; he having received in Jbaltimore in
formation of the iiitention oi Congress to lay
Mr. Quincy gave a statement, made at the
tune, of tne circumstances ot the communi
cation made to him.
Mr. Seybert moved, that the witness be
I dischui ged from the custody of the sergeant
Mr. Key and Mr. Shcffey opposed this
I motion, until the witness should apologize
tor his contumacy low ai ds the house in no1
Mr. Sybert withdrew his motion for the
purpose of giving to the gentleman from \ ir.
giniu (Mr. Shcffey) an opportunity to make
such proposition to the House as he may
Mr. Gold moved that N. Rounsuvcll be
forthwith brought to the bar ol tbe House.
On motion ol Mr. Ribb the following was
added, “ and that the Speaker be directed to
ask him whether lie is willing to answer such
questions as the housu may think proper to
propound to him.”
Mr. Rounsaveil was then brought to the
bar of the House, and the Speaker having put
the question as directed, he answered in the
affirmative-r-he was then directed to withdraw,
Mr. Sybert offered a resolution discharg
ing him from the custody of the serjeant at
Mr. ShefTey moved to amend the resolution
by adding, on answering the interrogatory
propounded to him yesterday
The question on this amendment was decid
ed by Ayes an* Noes; and were, Yeas 3(,
The resolution was then adopted, and Mr.
Rou v, save 11 di scharged.
It should be observed by our readers that
th letter from the Prince Regent to Mr. Per
ceval) which one of the Liverpool editors has
introduced as a suitable u supplement” t0
Regent’s letter to the Duke of York, is not of
recent date; but was written in February 1811,
when the prince first came to the regency &
| when it was generally understood that his sen
! timents upon politics were in opposition to
1 those* of the existing ministry. His continu
ing tire same men in power alter having
been a year at the head ol the government,
and attained to tire full and unrestrained ex
ercise of the royal prerogatives, is a proof of
his having changed his opinion upon this sub
k ct.— U. H. Gazette.
The Weather for the winter past,
has been almost without a parallel, in
some particulars, in the memory of man.
Immense quantities ef snow have fallen
in the western part of this state, (in
one tow n it was 0 feet oil a level) and there
is good sleighing still in many places; and
the Hudson is covered with ice far below
Albany, and will not be clear of it proba
bly short of three or four weeks longer
than last year. For some weeks past our
markets have been glutted with wild pi
geons, from Mew-Jersey, supposed to he
stopped on their passage northward by
the late and uncommon snows. Yet u
siiad presented itself to our citizens last
week, and vegetation on the seaboard is
in its usual st::tc of forwardness.
fj\\ Y. Columbian, Jtjiril 2.)
Extract from an official report of the Mar
shal Duke d’Aibutra, to the Prince of Wa
g-ram, dated Valencia, the 24th of January.
u Gene.al O’Donnell, the former Govern
or oi Valencia, has, at parting, transmitted,
me a cordon established to prevent the rava
ges oi the yellow lever, it reaches to Aucar.
The ravages made by this dreadful malady has
been really terrible in this unfortunate part cf
Spain ; 45.000 persons have perished in the
towns oi Elehe, Orinuela and Murcia only.
Fortunately it has now ceased. My com
munication with Madrid is perfectly establish
ed through Roquena and Cuenca.”
Black’s Packet will sail
for Norfolk on Wednesday, wind
| and we ther peimit.ing.
April 7. 2t
Beef, Pork and iar.
10 barrels prime £ REEF
10 do. cargo)
10 do. prime? poRK
10 do. cargo)
20 do. TAR—Now landing from brig
Eliza and Lydia, for sale by
Jackson Sc Rumney.
April 6. 3t
Twenty Del ars Reward.
1 TJ N AWAY from the subscriber, on
JLC/ Monduy the second day of March, in
Charles County, State of Maryland, a bright
uLtto Man b\ the name of Pi ML com
monly called PHIL \\ HEELER, ruout live
feet eight or nine inches high, stout and ac
tive. M»out thirty yrrs of age, hasrematk
J ably grey eve*. He is a good findicr, and
5 coHise shoc-makrr ; had on a homespun
| yarn an .I cotton "nur-d jacket and pant-loons;
\ tispi'ft U ’m donhr be will change ins clothes;
j it is there fore thought uanecessai y to de
j fierioe th*- m more particularly# Phil is r»n
; artful !c;low, lias two wives in the county,
• one at Mr Wm Courts, Puccuwaxon, tho
j other at Mr Walter Jsan sons near Port*
j Tobacco Ten Dollars will he given, if
! taken i t the County ; arc! if out of the
; ‘tate «»nd seemed in any Jail so that I get
• Irvn again, the above Reward, *nd all rea*" .
suitable charges paid, if brought home.
Thomas B. '1 ubm»n.
N 15. All masters of vessels, or other
persons, are hen b> forewarned from harbor*
j intr or employing the above described Ne
j gro man at their peril, or under the severest
\ penalties of tho law. rI ii 1,
March 20 4 v
From the Brig Arredondo, c. pt. Jone», from
Savannah, and for sale by Lawkason uiul
120 bales prime Upland Cotton,
SO Tierces Rice,
A ho, from Schooner Lydia,
1oo boRs Russ»a Duck,
1( 0 boxes Mould and Dipt Candles.
5000 bushels Liverpool coarse Suit.
March 24 3Uv"
For one It.ouFC.nd eight hundred and twelve,
axd for sale rf
I COTTOM AND STEWART,
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