OCR Interpretation


Alexandria gazette, commercial and political. [volume] (Alexandria [Va.]) 1812-1817, February 17, 1813, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024014/1813-02-17/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE,
COMMERCIAL & POLITICAL.
I
m+m ■ '■
PUBLISH KD BY
S. SNOWDEN & i. D. SIMMS,
ROYAL STREET, ALEXANDRIA*
~~JJcUy Gazcitu* 7 LoJar*.
Country Gazette*, 5 Coilers.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 17.
Joseph. Mandeville,
Carner of Kin$ and Fairfax Streets,
IMS FOR SALE,
145 Chest 1*2 ana 1-4 Chests new
Tm- „
Gunpowder* Imperi al, l!vfcon; Young
IiViion* Hyson 3km and Souchong
25.000 lb. Coffee
75 hh Is. Mufteav^do Sugars
100 barrels do..
15.0 0 )b. loaf awl biir.p ^UTars
170 bar:via New England Rum
25 puncheons W cst India uo.
120 bar-els Whiskey
4 pspes French Brandv
30 Hogsheads retailing Molasses
80 bags F^paer and Pimento
t 0 Hi. Spanish Indigo
1,000 lb choice Madder
50 ) lb. refined bait reire
75 caiks Gun powder.
AVhicli with his usual general as
sortment of Ur* best M incs. Liquors
and Groceries, he will dispose of on
reasonable terms.
Aug 31.__ .
NOTICE.
PURSUANT to an order ?f the TJ.
S ates Circuit Court for the Dis
trict ol Columbia and County of Alex
andria— Notice' is hereby given to the
creditors of George McMunn, Etc of
Alexandria, deceased, to exhibit their
claims to me at my office, on or be foie
the IS b day of February next. Those
who fail to nttVnd this notice, will he
excluded from any dividend of the de
cedent’s estate, which is to be made un
der the order above referred to
ALKX. to* OCR f.
1Mutter &omwvn*v>ner,
Jannwrr _ d3<v
F06 S VLfc,
A neat and substantial second hand
CHARIOT, in complete order. En
quire of the Printers.
Jann >ry 20 ___
WiN.A, i LAN dec.
6 Pipes eld London P. Madeira A
II do. Sicily Madeira j
10 do Lisbow
8 pipes and 40 qr. casks Sherry . §
f C quar ter casks Malaga i
i 5 cases Claret j
40 chests gunpowder, imperial ami
voting!.\ son Teas, of a very stipe*
0 ' ,
rior quahtv,
20 puncheons 3d proof Antigua Rum
10 do. northern do.
3d l:b(is.Mola*scs,
]oOOO pound* Loa* Sugar,
1500 pounds hr giit Madder,
40 pounds Nutmegs,
70 bat;s pepper and Pimento,
40 kegs *,uC‘* and gound Ginger,
50 b.t! s Upland Cotton, nice quality.
70O pounds Bengal «. Spanish Indigo.
80 boxcb mould and dipt L.tnule*,
40 do. N»>. 2 Chocolate,
100 do Pipes, containing 5 gross each.
500 reams ui himr and wrapping Paper.
200 sacks Liverpool .me Salt.
60 hhds. N. Orleans and W. India
Sugar,
25000 lbs. green Cofije.
With a general assortment of other
GROCERIES,
FOB SALE BY
Rrvan 'Hampson & Co.
AllPUSt 2s
l > i iCt,.
f'rnHE Members of the Washington
g Society of Alexandna are notified,
that «n Anniversary Meeting of the said
Society w:il be held on Monday the 22a
Fist. hi Triplett’s H**iel, in Alex ndria.
at half past 10 o’clock. A. M. The So
ci tv "ill move in procession at 12 o’
clo k, to the Episcopal Church, where
an Orition will he delivered by Da-vid
Hot *hak, E.q. one of its members.
By older of *he standing committee.
G. DENE ALE, S»< Vy.
At a meeting of the standing commit
tee, 9th February. ’813.it was resolved,
that the mm of Five Hundred Dollars
be appiopriated, out of the Funds oF the
Washington Society, towards the sup
port of the Washington Lnnrasiti*.
Free Schools and that the Treasurer bt
authorised to a vun c the same.
Cm JDENEALE, Sec’ry.
February 11 _ ._
‘ vvaTsTTs
A MERIC A V REVIEW,
«A*o. 8»
Ia just received, and ready for dclive
tv i) subscribers, who aro requested to
rp st. u f'r twem.
lames Kennedy & Son.
rK.i.5!j .t ' ' ,
. t
f • *% 4 * .
SPEECH
or THE
HON. HERMANUS BLEECKER.
Delivered in the H. of R. firesentuiives
January 7,
OH THE XEW JR MY BILL.
CONCLUDED
Bat after all, Mr. Ch airman, what
is the extent oi* the evils, ami how
stands the account between us and
Great Britain ? In the whole period
•f the European war, according to
the statement furnished by the secre
tary of state, 6238 seamen have been
impressed from American vessels.—
This includes person! ©fall nations,
Danes, Swedes, Germans, Dutch, kc.
All but 1500 have boon discharged.
Probably at no one time have more
than 1500, or at the utmost 2000
men, including British subjects, im
pressed from American vessels, been
employed in British service. And
it will be. remembered, that not loftg
before war was declared, the British
minister offered to restore all Ame
rican seamen that had been impress
ed.
AVe are supposed to have in our
service 120,000 seamen—of these,
from ten to fifteen thousand, at least,
arc supposed to he British subjects.
So, sir, it aouears that the complaints
of Great Britain on this subject, are
not unfounded, nor unreasonable.
It is somewhat strange, sir, that
though three fourths of the native
American sailors belong to »w York
& the eastern states, jet these states
are forced into the war by the peo
ple of the western states, who have
no sailors, who have never seen a
sailor.
But, sir, will the evil of which we
complain, he remedied by the means
proposed. Sailors l ights are t he ob
ject—the conquest of Canada the
means. Will Great Britain vield to
you when you have conquered Cana
da ? What is Canada to her ? it con
tributes nothing to her strength,nor
will the conquest diminish her means
of annoying us. It will rouse ail
her pride, and make her more inflex
ible than ever with respect to what
she considers her maritime rights,
i ask, sir, wherefore is the conquest
and possession ot*the countrj desira
ble to us ? If Great Britain were now
willing to surrender it to us, 1 would
give my vote against accepting it.—
It would he a curse to ns. Our ter
ritory is already too extensive. 'The
union is already composed of toejar
| t ing materials. Wh% increase them ?
The government, is already pressed
by a weight it can iiardiy bear; why
add to it? Will Canada compensate
us for Aew York and Ac\r Orleans?
For our ravaged coast ; for the mil
lions upon millions which will be an
nually lost by the Annihilation of our
commerce in consequence oi l he war?
Sir, the amount wc lose by having
our ports shut up for « mo's, is u orii:
more to us than all Canada.—You
cannot conquer it without a vast ox
penee of blood and treasure, without
bringing upon the people an euu ni
ous k-ad of debt and taxes. If the
conpuest can be accomplished, it will
require vastly more time, force mid
expenee than gentlemen imagine.
Itnl Li t< au uii.tMiiui! in t ■ 111 of.
teuipt ? Will the project ufthe com
mittee on military affairs a I ford us
«lie means of success ? Ami here, 1
differ with some of no friends on
»
ibis side of the house, i do not be
lieve so much in our aliili»v to eon
tjiier Canada ns some gentlemen
seem to do. The. physical force of
the nation, anil the means of exerting
that force are very different thing**.
We were told in this house in the
month of May last, that in six weeks
after the declaration of war, we
should be in possession of the whole
of the Upper, and a great prtrt of tiic
Lower provinces* of Canada. I did
not believe a word of it. I thought
that it would have been more reason
able to have spoken of six years for
the conquest, i did not believe that
we should in the then next campaign
get possession of an inch of the coun
try. It is now proposed to send a
force of 2«U)C0 rr.cn into Canada,
atnl this force is to make the con
quest the next campaign. I do not
uiiuk it competent to the object_
Sir. you will again be defeated. The
Honorable Chairman of the commit
tee on military affairs, (Mr. Willi
ams) supposes, that there are 12UG0
regular troops in Canada, besides
militia, making a force together of
18.000 uieu. We are to invade the
country with 20,000 raw, undisci
plined troops. We have the disad
vantage of being invaders, the enemy
receives us in his o\v n country —great
advantages, of course, are on his
side. From the disaffection of the
inhabitants we have nothing to hope.
* The events of the war have strength
eMJ their loyalty. But, will you be
-,repared in the springlo wnd intoCd
J,ad» the farce contemplated by the
committee on military affairs Of the
I .llllont ofour present force.as it seems
to be considered incorrect to speak
of it, I will say nothing. « IS P10'
brble, however, that it will ^crease t
as much during the winter, hydea j
and otherwise, as it will increase by
enlistments. But, sir. can we raise
the force contemplated? 1 he honor
able chairman of the committee on
military affairs (Mr. Wiliams) tc.ls
us that the patriotism of the coun
try is commensurate with its^ popu
lation. But let me tell him sir. anu
] do not mean to say any thing offen
sive, that it df.es not bec ome men
who manage the affairs ot a nation
to talk in this manner of raising ar
mies from the put riot ism pf the
country. Patriotism is not the in
ducement to enlistment. Patriots
do wot become soldiers. Armies in
all countries, except under very ex
traordinary c ircumstances, arc com
posed of a certain descriptionof po
pulate , ofiueuwho have no regu
lar occupation ; the idle, the disso-^
lute, the vagrant and profligate. Of
f hi* s«»K of population there is a cer
tai^amount in every country—In
this, there is less than in any other.
Wckave heard much of the opposi- J
(ion to the war; hut that lias not
been the cause of our failures and
_»• t . *_. t_ iL.. —.V
UISHMCI J*. ii is liuL uut'rtusc me
vernors of Massachusetts, Connecti
cut ami Rhode Island refused to call
out their militia that the war has
hitherto been unsuccessful—nor is
it because the war is unpopular,
or because (lie people are divided
on that subject, that the ranks of
the army have not been filled up.—
Men who enlist, do rot enquire in
to the causes and expediency of the
war—thrj take no cognizance of
such matters. It is owing to that
for which our bosoms ought to swell
with gratitude to heaven—the hap
py state of our country, the com
fortable com!}-ion of the people, the
facility of procuring subsistence, it j
seems to me, sir, that if patriotism i
alone would make soldiers, several
members ol this house ought to have
enlistee), far there lias been a greater
display of patriotism in this boose in
relation to the war, than in all the
rest of the nation, from one end of
the country to the other. But, sir,
it is more agreeable and convenient
to gentlemen to be here, than to be
in the army as common soldiers.—
Just so, the people of (lie country
who are comfortable r.t home, think
it more agreeable and convenient to
slay there. I know, sir, that some
honorable gentlemen have shoulder- j
cd th*»ir muskets and gone into ifie
militia. This, sir, as an evidence
of their zeal was laudable, (I do not
mesin iff speak disparagingly oft hose
gentlemen) hut in reference to any
efficient service, if was worse than
useless; for assemblages of militia
men wili do no essential service._
| They are no better. J think J use the
j b n;;cage of the father of his coun
• try. than •• armed mobs.Anti the
war has served to destroy the illu
sion which has so lone: been krnt tir>
in ihe country by tue many strange
and absurd things which have been
jv.::?! <»f the importance and efficiency
ol the militia. Sir, it is all idle.—
The militia man is best employed at
!t*« plough, and hi the other occupa
tions of life in which industry can
he successfully exerted. For the
real strength cf the country, its
wealth, the sinews oi war, arise from
the produce oT the various brunches
of industry. This furnishes the
means of supporting an army : hut
the army itself must be composed of
idle, dissolute and disorderly persons.
Ar.d if the country and state of soci
ety arc so happy as not to afford a
sufficient number of these, you can- \
not gel an army ; and if 3011 cannot
grt unariny, you cannot go (o^ar.
In considering the probable issue
of the contest in which we have em
barked, it is well to eontpjfre our
power with that of the enemy, to en
quire whether our population, our
wealth, our resources, our ability to
endure the privations, losses and ca
lamities of war. are equal to those
of the nation will* which we are at
war. Now, sir, in all these points,
Gicat-Britain has the advantage of
us. In the incurs of annovance she
is much superior. And let it be re
membered, sir, (hat the war has not
yet begun on her part. It is title
that she may lose the benefit of the
trade of this country, which, to a
certain portion ci her people is very
important, hut to the government it
self as a source of revenue, it is of
little consequence. It does not a
mount to one hundredth part of her
annual expenditure. 1 believe tbe
* • '•* ■ 1
PM<rie«ivfc svMcm ™ * morereaMti- ,
tliat to lie iDeffitx n ■
luc couUI endure the embargo bettoi
H loVcr than the people ot tb s
an i "mild or would eudure if $ &
'o the purposes of the government It
!» the same thing whether they can
not or will not bear such a policy
I„ Mslf-infliction is such, that« can
|ie continued for any length of
“Tword more, Mr. Chairman, and
I have done. We have nothing to
gain and much lo lose, by the con
test in which we ure engage* •
Sir, if is time to pause.—In the e
vents of this contest. our hopes and
destinies may be involved >>i»at a
spc»ic docs this country now present
SnfFcif-igthe evils and privations of ,
war_voluntarily abandoning a com
merce greater than could be enjoyed
in a time of European peace—gning
up the means ofgrowing rich beyond
the dreams of national avarice re
jecting blessings sueli as the Al
mighty Disposer of events has never
put within the reach ol any other
people. At war lor commerce* yet
abandoning all commerce, except the
export trade which is held by the li
cense of the enemy and the fears of
the national legislature. At war lor
commercial and maritime rights,yet
smiting the commerce Nc navigation
of the country* with consumption«
ivilh Unsting, and with mill-dtto,
a t _r irlitu. v*>f driving
/II w.»i l u i inuui. * n-7 ► •-»
throe fourths of its sailors out of the
country into the vessels ot the ene
my, perhaps to shed the hjood of
their countrymen, or to fall by the
hands of their brethren. Spurning
the good within our reach, we are
rushing upon evils uukuown, incal
culable.
I would call upon the nation to
pause—I would call upon patriotic,
enlightened and honorable men to
; ponder on the present state, and to
| think of the future destinies of the
I country. I would entreat them to
! “ stand in'the breach and stay the
plague.”
Sir, let ns cease to thwart and op
pose our high destinies—let us not
blast our exalted hopes—h*t ns not
jeopardize out* liberty, our privi
leges, our happy form of govern
ment. our precious ins? it tit inns. Let
us wait till the calamities of Europe,
till “the little brief authority” of
the kings and princes of yesterday,
of “ pinch-back potentates and scep
tured parasites” shall have passed
away. For “ the tyranny of France
:ri!i pass away, like a fearful dream,
with flic sudden crumbling and divi
[ sicn of the power which upholds it.”
Let us remember that the state of
Europe, nut of which our difficulties
have arisen, depends upon the tran
sitory life of a single individual.—
Yes, sir, the raging of the storm
which agitates the political world,
depends upon the breath cf a single
individual—and nature has decreed
that tYupoleon must die.”
COMMONWEALTH OF MAS
SACHUSETTS.
In the Home of Representutives, Fe
F> f. 11 g 4 04 0
Of Ukif f AO
On motion ol Mr. Pickering, of
Salem, (lie following Preamble ami
Order were adopted :
WHEREAS (lie President in his
message to Congress, has made
known to the people of the iT. States
that 1 he British Orders in Council
hare been repealed “ in such h man
ner as to he capable cf explanations
meeting the views of Cue govern
ment” of the United States, and
therefore none of the al’rdgcd cau
ses *d war with Great Britain now
remain, except the claim of the right
to take British subjects from the
merchant ships of the United Slates :
—hid whereas during the adminis
trations of President Washington Ac
President Adams this claim of Great
Britain was rot considered as a rea
sonable cause of war: ami under tho
administration of President Jeffer
son the government cf Great Britain
did offer to make an arrangement
"ith the United States, which in the
opinion of Messrs. Monroe and Pink
ney. their ministers, placed this sub
jr< t, on a ground that was «• both
■iOnorable and advantageous to the
f Qitcd States, and highly favorable
to their interests, and was at the
8,1 nu* time” a concession which had
mner hr lore beeo made; and it is
•uglily probable that the gokern
ment ol Great Britain would still he
willing to make an arrangement on
Jins subject which 8|lttuld be alike
honorable and advantageous to the
Unitect States.
And whereas under the adminis
frMtion of President MADISON,
"‘lc# arrangement of the uiat
ters in contrary
Stales ar.d Gr^j1
with His Britain^
ter, David Mcutqj
the impressmm, •'
considered of
to be made. a ^
rangcment.
And whertit',;
powers, as well
recognize i|»e J
subjects andtuk
to expatriate tjJ
the nation has*!
ces of afl its citf,
time of war,andt
ers respect the *;<
..of the oilier, >,,fj
operation in
principle—undithj
for a neutral ^
j upon one nation
it to relinquish
maintained In t|:e,
And whereas, i
the governmentufr;
j to protect and ,.R1
i CAN scHiuen, ^
our ships,thenar
seamen, uho&rrfc
citizens of their
subsistence :
And whereas,; i
of the seamen oft*
belong to this
this legislature a
certain how manvof
impressed or lab|
France, or anvud
der that Sadiiaa,
may be had, u:,d «
the governmentofti
<liof II.
Salem) Mr. Tiling
ton) and Mr. h'sii
be a Committee in
port what ineawfi
taken in order (o s
ber of the sranwh
wealth impressed i
foreign nation.
From the jVYicfd
Law Ixtciligh
before the court o.f
city & county, as!
of M'Donald brio
rison at Goi^mw
dieted for stabhin*
puhlie street at \i
appeared in evifo
men had been sett!
Island to apnn'js
they found tbe m
Mr. Hatfield’s fit
\ Whitehall slip.anij
as a sentinel on ifc<
house. The
to Hatfield's eX'-i11
among the inhabit
borhoid, and >evr
the door to sec
ward. The $*
dered them cif.r
sing to steplwckJ
places, and dmw
at this moment'I'
of a neighbour
that any soldiers*
any disturbance--*
in :;t tempting;*
received tlu* ;
j
,i,i , „ f ,t'»i ■
1 lie jar) ••
The recorder
him to be ^J
sentence.
prisoner be p1' ■
sorry the !M’pf(r J
lor (Joins wl'^j
erroneously ^--.v j
as such J
rated in 51 s?ille 1
court hud I
to take an «pM
case. HrSH1(! ‘"J’J
to he inainW,BC‘■
that the niilWfl
ent to the civ" •“ ‘M
hidi lime tl«* iuM
knew it. if'pM
1-eanV. "
to make a r*l
make it no*’ 'ijB
clict'ked in M’M
many
sen aliens ,:tn.“‘\9
sc^’neinsfi-M
On tise f*M
was co(.v»( ‘,“ PrB
<!,e ii,:blic
tented to .,-1
mer.t in {|'T '. ’vB
duct ol, 1 .
rasfcou -A 9
report it.
Soldiers f.t! l^B
since, fi'*1
a fancy
walk, i^M
vy man, M
with into t|iC'f39
in£ up to a■

xml | txt