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Alexandria gazette, commercial and political. [volume] (Alexandria [Va.]) 1812-1817, April 30, 1813, Image 2

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ALEXANDRIA
COMMERCIAL &
PUBLISHED BT
8. SNOWDEN & J. D. SIMMS,
ROYAL STREET, ALEXANDtt
Daily Gazette* 7 Dollars.
Country Gazette* 5 Dollars.
FRIDAY, APRIL 30,
-(
loseph
Gcrncr of King If Fairfax-strce
OFFERS FOR SALE,
BT WHOLESALE, A HD RETAIL*
1 Teas—gunpowder, im
1*70 qr. chests L pemLbyson,hysonsUin,
30 boxes j young nyson 5c souchong
So,ooo lbs. green and white Coffee
So,ooo lbs. loaf and lump Sugars
105 hhds ) New Orleans Sc Muscovado
13o bbls $ Sugars
f,ooo lbs Pepper
7o hhds retailing Molasses
5 pipes, 6 half pipes and 6 qr cavks L P
Madeira
3 pipes Sicily Madeira
15 qr casks old Sherry
6 do genuine old Port
14 pipes Red Catalonia
4o cases choice Claret
2 butts, 12 half pipes Malaga
5 pipes, 6 naif pipes and 2o qr. casks
Tene rifle
18 pipes real Cognac Brandy
5 pipes Gin
, 3o puncheons West-India Rum
15 puncheons and 4o bbls New bnglJiful
Rum
10 bbls. Peach Brandy
75 do Whisky
500 gallons Old do.
3 hhds. Cherry Bounce •
10 dozen Htbberts Old London Brown
Stout
20 bales Cotton #
800 lb. Bengal Indigo
3C0 lb. B:ight Madder
•ooo lb. Goshen Sc Rhode-IsIandChecse
50 > bush, ground allum Salt
Mace, Nutmegs, Cloves, Cassia, Pi
mento, race and ground Ginger,Cayenne
Pepper, Almonds, Chocolate, Rice,Peas,
Barley,Mustard,Oil in bottles and flasks,
Wine and Cyder Vinegar, Glauber
Salts, Bark, Scented White and Brown
Soap, Spermaciti mould and dipped Can
dies, maccuoba, rappee andscotchSnuffs,
chewing tobacco, Starch, Fig Blue, Salt
Petre, Arnotte, Alum, Copperas, Brim
none. Gunpowder, patent Shot, Flints,
Hairpowder, Sifters, Cigars, Demijohns,
Wrapping Paper and Twine, Corks*,
Bed Cords, Leading Lines, Traces, Sec.
fcc.
JV. B. 5o bushels fresh warranted
CLOVER SEED.
March 6. r
A. WILLIS,
HAS FOR SALE,
Fresh Lemon* in boxes,
Sugar in barrels,
WnLkev in do.
Old Spirits,
1st qualify old Cogniac Brandy,
Raisins and Almonds,
Is; quality Cavendish Chewing Tobacco
ALSO,
A qu ntitv of excellent SWEET PO
T \ l'OE ROOTS fur planting, Sc Irish
Potatoes.
Ap**il 28 3;* -
Herring Seine Twine.
Jiut received CJ* POB SALJ£t *
S Herring Seine Twine s>ipe
wor quality —Cameron Street Wharf.
George Coleman.
IN STORE.
\
Lisbon, 1
Turk* Island, t SALT.
Ground Alluni, j
Russia and Havens Duck
Do Sheetings
Cmk for Semes,
Tanners Oil in bbls. and half bbls.
Sporm and Whale Oil
Paint do in terces and bbls.
Brimstone in b’Ms.
Mess N>. 1 and 2 Boston Beef, bbls.
and half bbls.
Do prime Pork, bb!^.
bbls. Tar, Rosin, Turpentine and
Pitch.
April
Mechanic Relief Society
THE Anniversary Meeting of the
Mechanic Relief Society will be held at
Mr. A. M’Clean’s School Room, on Sa
v turday the 1st of May, at 10 o'clock A.
M. The punctual attendance of the
member* on thii day is very essential, &
delinquents aro particularly invited to
a perusal of the articles of association.
By order of the Prevdent. *
JAMES S. SC9TT, S«c’ry.
April 98
From the Philadclfihi* Re fitter*
In the subjoined extracts from an Ad
dress by toi ty of tbe n»o§t respectable
Republicans of the Stale of New-York,
to their Fellow-Citizens, Mr. Madison
may read the repeal of bis powei in that
Suue: and the termination of ihe Virgi
nia Dynasty.
From the Aew-York Evening Post.
The manner in which the war was de
clared. and in which it has been carried
on, is thus truly stated : ' b
u The declaration of war was carried
by slender majorities in congress, and it
is believed that a majority of the Ameri
can people were opposed to the mea
sure. Under those circumstances, the
sword was drawn ; and will any man say,
that honor required and policy demand
ed from us a resort to hostilities, at a
time when we were so defenceless and
unprepared, against oue of the most
powerful nations of the world, with nu
merous and well appointed armies ; with
mighty fleets; and with all tbe experi
ence and military skill derived from a
long continued war ? A war declared so
improvideutly a»d unseasonably must be
managed inauspicjously. We .have seen
the blood and resources of 'the nation
expended in profusion and without ad
vantage—we have seen the important
fort of Michillimackinack captured for
the want of information to the garrison
that the war existed-—we have seen tie
entire command of the great lakes in the
hands of t the enemy, whereby the ex
penses of the campaign have been in
creased an hundred fold, 8c its disasters
proportionally aggravated; and we have
seen our militia culled from their hon.es
in all directions, Sc converted into stand
ing forces for offensive purposes, against
the genius of our constitution and the
best interests of the nation ; and w ere it
not for the illustrious exploits and gal
Iant achievements of our navy^we should
mourn over the lost honor of America.
“ It is in vain to palliate our condition,
or to conceal-the series of drsssters and
follies, which ’nave assailed our country
Wo are degraded by tiie nr. ism ana £•
ment of political empyric* and state j*'g
glei s Belore tiie commencement of the
»econd campaign, a national debt of up
wards of forty mil’ions of dollars has
been incurred. One vrar of prodigality
has destroyed the savings of mapy years
of economy. A staudis? nrtry of 55,GOO
men is to be raised ; rax* s of the most
odious and oppressive kind hn-v been
proposed and vviil probably be levied —
A system of proscription and denuncia
tion} of prodigality and patronage, b»»s
been established tbpiop up the govern
ment; and the iv^rst measures of John
Adams have been copied m n spirit of
servile imitation, ami to a decree of :.ug
mentation, alarming and unpiincipled.”
The slavish doctrine <*f the adminis
tration party that the war being declared,
all opposition to it, and to tin* arimi >is
tration, must cease, i* amply discussed
and put to flight in the following pas
sage :
•- But we arc told, “ Mr. Madison is
Tc-electcd ; that the nation is <»t war ;
that government ought fo be supported ;
that the unity of the pally ought to be
maintained ; and therefore, ns at present
circumstanced, we ought all to suppoit
the man we so recently opposed, and the
measures we so sincerely reprobate, for
tli:At “ a continued c.pp. sitir.n uonid be
an' attack, not on the administration, but
i on our country ”
“ Doctrines so preposterous, so mis
chievous, ; i d S'» subversive of the fun
damental p imiplcs of our government,
deserve and shall receive an ample re
futation
»* Tliut Mr. Madison is the rightful
chief magistrate ol rhe nation lor four
years, and ought to be obeyed as such,
ben acting a ithiu the sphere tf his con
atiiutiofial authority, must be universe}
ly admitted. His power arid < facial ex
istcncc ai« derived from the social c m
pact, and all that is required from us ft
t. acknowledge him as the executive cl
the nation, and to comply with his legal j
requisitions ; but the same constitution
wb'ch vests him with high authority, also
establishes other authorities, legislative
and judicial, and r enders them indepen
dent of the executive and each other ;
and it moreover guarantees to the people
of the U. States the elective franchise.
Congress may support or oppose the
measures of the President, as the goed
of the nation may require, and although
he cannot be displaced, except by im
peachment, until the expiration of his
term, yet at that time the people are at
full liberty to do so, if they think fit.—
The doctrine contended for, renders all
other flections a matter of form ; for if
the re-election of a President in time of
war is to supercede all opposition to his
measures, then it is our duty te carry
this rule into effect in our elections for
the national legislature, and the state go
vernment; for if we are to make no op
position to Daniel D. Tompkins as go
vernor, because James Madison is re
elected President, then we set up a stan
dard, by which the election of a Presi
dent is to regulate all other elections,
during the term of the presidency. It is
upon this ground unnecessary^ harrass
the peoplo by the forms of an election.
The end would be fully answered by
clothing the President with power ot ap
pointing all the members of Congress,
and the members of the. state govern
ment. In Great-Britain the executive
office U Jjer«4|t*r>i p4 yet it u fever.
pretended that no opposition ought to bt
made to his administration, whether in
war or peace. It the political heresy
which we so ardently deprecate, was to
lerated in England, then, as the ordinary
period of human life is to four years, .so
much stronger would be the reasons in
that country for acquiescing implicitly
in the measures of the adminisuadon.
But the truth is, no man has had the
hardihood to breathe such sentiments in
that country. It has hcen reserved lor
men calling themselves republicans, in
the last asylum of civil liberty* to re
vive and propagate the exploded doc
trines of passive obedience and non
resistance. In Great-Britain a foreign
war, instead of blunting, frequently
' sharpens the edge of opposition, i he
people of this state were certaii ly
dissatisfied with Mr. Madison previ
ous to the declaration of war, and they
manifested inis dissatisfaction bv hold
ing up another candidate. Now, if war
is to silence all discussion, to extin
guish all opposition, and to remove well
founded objections, then all that is ne
cessary for a president to do d. sirou* of
a re-election, is, so to conduct our fo
reign negotiation as to bring about a
war. Is not this do'ctrir e. holding out a
premium for turpitude, and opening a
flood-gate for the introduction of all pos
sible calamities. And here peimit us to
remark, that the President has always an
ample opportunity of exasperating our
differences, and embittering *ur animo
sities wi*h foreign nations, lie may, by
dexterous management involve ns in a
war, almost at any period of his ad mi
nistration; and this extensive and almost
unlimited power over our foreign nego
i ciutions, we are induced to consider as
one ot the vulnerable parts of our con
stitution. But why should war deprive
us of the full exercise of our elective
franchise ? Of all events it is the most
I • . -_.1 r\/l in niitims
&IIIUI V*Ql|llg IV/ IIIUI f - -- -
It brings in its,train such a multitude et
evils, and is the prolific parent of so ma
ny crimes and calamities, that ot all hu
man concerns it is the most important.
If it ib to be referred to the foreign go
vernment with whom we are in hostility,
it is also to be referred to ourselves; it
has an inferior as well as an exterior
bearing. We are not to be deluded by
the artifice so continually practised, of
! confounding the government of a coun
try with the administration of thnt go
vernment. The government ought at
all times to be supported; and the admi
nitt^mtion onl” when th^y act right. 1 he
government is the iociul compact, the
charter of our liberties, the palladium ot
our safety. The administration are the
rulers selected by the people in the ex
crcis> of their elective franchise for a
definite period; sad they mu*S be kepi
i within the paths of duty by the multifa
| rious checks engrafted in every free con
stitution.—They are to be checked by
the co ordinate branches ©f the govern
ment, by the people it elections, and by
the sovereign control of public opinion,
enlicited by freedom of discussion and
investigation.’*
4* When the people are aggrieved by
the misconduct of their rulers, the ©nly
legitimate remedy i» to be sought in the
i ballot b:»xes, and if they fail in one e
lection, i* is their duty to persist inother
succeeding elections until redress is ob
tained. The choice uf a President does
not necessarily determine tho future
conduct of the administration. Con
gress are independent of his control, and
the state authorities move in another or
4/ |. 4 | o U v- I i i. V V j ivu j/uiyuv V
pinion at eh ctious, whether it operate*
directly by tie removal of the unworthy
ruler, or indirectly hr the displacement
«»f lii'A hupporteis, is the best corrective
d public men, mid the only constitution
al s.fcguaid of the rights and interests
of tlu* people. Mr. Madhuri** power
to injure ihe country may be effectually ,
commuted by the choice of patriotic Sc
enlightened men in congress and the
-e\er*I slate governments, who will ar
rest him in his carter of error, and com
pel him to devote the functions of his
office to the good of his country.”

It concludes in the following animated
manner:
“ In a case so simple and clear, and
when we are called upon to decide, whe
ther we shall obey the rescripts issued
from Washington, or the solemn injunc
tions of patriotism ; whether we shall
follow the light of our own understand
ings or pursue the stimulated veice of
our party, we stall not hesitate as to
our line of conduct. We shall nctsup
poit the election of Daniel D Tomp
kins and John Taylor, because they
a^e brought forward and recommended
as the partisans of the cabinet at Wash
ington : because it would give the lie to
all our past professions, and dishonor us
in our own e.tiniativn and in the opinion
of mankind : because at the last presi
dential election, they evinced a cold
neutrality, or an insidious hostility, in
defiance of the almost unanimous sem e
of the state : because we are fully con
vinced that they are -s blindly devoted
to the Virginia Dynasty as the prefects
of France are to their emperor, or the
Sutiapsof Pensia were to the great king;
and because we are fully persuaded that
their election would fortify the power of
weak and wicked men, and encourage
the pursuit of measures which have
nearly extinguished the sun of our na
tional glory, and which have covered
our land with ruin. Although a dark
day ha* set in upon ouf country ; yet
ft do not despite of the republic. The
most gloomy period oft car revelation
did not indeed produce calamity more
extensive, and humiliation more com
plete. In the midst of the tempests
which frown over us, and through the
darkness which surrounds us, wc can
however discern some glimmerings of
light in the distant horizon. The pres
sure of the time* may break down the
barriers of party, and the mandates of
patriotism may unite the best head* and
hearts of our country for its salvation.
But if the present linos of political di
vision are still to continue ; and if Ame
rica, by a species of mirsclc, it rescued
from impending ruin ; we stilljiave no
doubt btit the conduct we iccommend
is pointed out by wisdom and true po
licy.”
Signed by
Philip Van Cortlandt, West Chester.
Obadiuh German,Chenango.
Elisha Arnold/ Clinton.
Pierre Van Cortlandt, jr. West Ches
ter.
U.Tiat y, Chenango.
Thomas B. Cook, Greene.
John C. Hogcbooin, Columbia.
Ki.chel Bishop, Washington.
Russell Att water, St Lawrence.
H. A T n* nsrnd, Sieubon.
S. Southwick, Albany.
Joseph l). Fay, New-York.
David Fliomas, Albany
Hilly Trowbridge, Cortlandt.
Sebasian Vise her, Albany.
Richard Lush, do.
John Y. N. Yates, do.
Richard Hiker, New York.
SylvHiius Miller, do.
G. A. Worth, Albany.
H. F. Yates, Mont gory.
John Nicholson, Herkimer.
William Kirby, Essex.
Ebenezer Foot, Albany.
Isaac Kibbee, New Yo;k.
James S. Kipp, Oneida.
Elijah H. Metcalf, Otsego.
n 1 . . n_it_ a f .12._
OV I V 311 « *> '71114111 V , DiaUI3UU«
Walter Martin, Levis.
Daniel Shepherd, Washington.
Henry C. Southwick, Albany.
Michael S V'an Dcr Cook, Rensse
laer.
James Wands, 2d, Albany.
Halsey Rogers, Washington.
Asahel Cl u*k, do.
Wiliam Roberts, do.
Cyril Carpenter, do:
Thomas J Dtvis, St Lawrence.
R ubon Wha^on, Washington.
Tii: Skelding, Rensselaer county.
* Mr. Arnold being conscientiously op
posed to the war, if not to be considered
as expressing any opinion, directly or in
direcly, in its Javor, by hie signature to
this address.
Mr. CANNING’S SPEECH
In the Dritiah House of Cemmonet Feb.
18, 181*3.
Mr. Canning felt himself called upon
to declare with all the candor which
was due to a question of such magni
tude that the noble lord had his unqua
lified support in bis vindication of the
real and indisputable rights of Great
Britain ; although he was at the same
time fiee to confess, that in several
points very material to the consideration
of the subject, he differed most essen
tially from the noble lord. The hon.
gentleman had expressed his opinion
that our differences witfe America weie
reduced to a single point—the impress
ment from on board of American ves
sels—to produce the means of concilia
tion and final settlement. For his own
part he could not discover any satisfac
tory grounds for believing that the dif
ferences arising from the impressment
from on boa*d of American vessels
could be so easily adjusted YY'c bad
been, and w e were still told, that Bri
tish subjects having become scameu of
America, ©light to ba protected. Such
was the opinion maintained; and he
would add, that if America should adopt
and promulgate such an act, much might
be saved of ths controversy that was
pending. There would then be a clear
and certain line cf conduct traced out
hr the decisions and operations of this
country. lie would state the question,
as applying to America; and he would
suppose, and in the supposition he was
borne out by what happened, that the
suggestion ©f a tribunal Ur deciding on
citizenship had been made by us to Amc
rica-^what must have been the conse
quence ? YVbat! propose to An>erua
against the impressment of her natural
subjects from on board English vessels,
to le*ve the point to be settled by an act
to he provided by ourselves; and it
would necessarily he treated by the legis -
laturesmd the people of America as an
insult to common sense. America would
say with puth, and with indignation,
“ Do you mean to treat our citizens as
so many articles of contraband trade ?
Are our native subjects to be judged bv
the judicatures which you propose to
establish, and are the indcsiructah e
rights of allegiance to be completely
done away
Another point which called for no
tice, respected the right of blockc.de.
He was ready to acknowledge that in
the blockade which took place in May
1806, there did arise matter for grave
enquiry and serious distrust. Tbe case
was very widely different with respect
to th« retaliatory measures adopted in
1807. when there was no specific force;
and the retaliatory measures rested aole
ly on the avowed principle of the decree
of Berlin. Tije instances essentially
r&s$
? ,hl' 8incerev^S
vt?s$s
slav* <*f f,“ i»
T'hy"^?
always rcadv »ft H
de7r,d,r‘l 01 C?'
7''>'a on ltial 7 I
!hmk> that ,llt ,**•»
sP«eb rt'aijj ^l
i'lghly censu^j °K;*
Was not ahoe-rt, ,tt*
P'tce.
f7"lr>'a'h^t
t(l' With ] 500 n !
*7 «?»»*■ kg
?d ttl!,; t». n„S
,rca'“'V. oi.ot.lU ?!
"7 ti-ca.
?Cr'l"t J. Hu. rt,,
b ““fs.f.-W
•" i.oyttl. t.s,| |Ul. .
b| co bad beeil y?
He Hmemcd thUliB
had Men p!lce "
lu"c sincerely, t,,1
td Hat Mg0f lll(1.
prosecution if h,s,.?
of Kittins*?
tits Of »»;•, \Vjtk?
**« of Great
to find: buthesouj^.4
lie I) fad to find fault
ji;c! en.ploim ;il
press his suipris,^ (!
pcji wa« hv’» ; v...
which (tight io
<!<r- N - it •tcn.ip,^
fnl Warren wu, hju,,
»• ontl» of On
Rodgers s' ,-) . .. .
*i.u idion i \r. .
ten off H.-nui. m. A
his only ■1 jeci, r . I
bor of Ihlitaxi 1 A
was ofT j> ,st« n t c ;•!
»'u! dming the ir ■
Hahtux Ct.n,<r-.,‘
Al er tin u-iy (f >aA
'ith At,i ricj, *VVA
port ut (m i i>kfi j , ^A
nrss or i;:decisi. u v.. A
oi the American
til the 12th cl n r*A
known Irene ini' .-.sA
caique ivued i,;,l A
v’:.5 obviously the -cA
genre received ic r A
•f the capiuic cl: ..A
foilowed th« bi saH
pcakc whieiv.vnc^A
system of (h Ly,
capture (1 the V'-A
very measure ti:a::*‘.^B
ance of activity cr, cA
duced by the su
the enemy. lie kfA|
stood as n< t ir,V-- lA
nisters for these rrfl|
his duty to ania-i^H
quels in coi.iuwnt^B
successes, not :>
which ought tokit^H
anticipatioii ardt*<^^E
wInch we l ed
al«» to re onus, ',,B|
worthy of no'ice. ’ ■
had been c:iP’urf('
which had cm^W
tell it would w il''A§
biuinc the skill dM,
cei'6 and it cii if 0k* k,lvS
| tire action 'o # cr'-‘Brt
I i ...
* >\ as L'L'lii.u IV, Hag
(iiu ui UiCiC "*■ *
,l0t to think ’^j^B
Mucehvnia:;.
triolisJ) e* <i aJ" Bfl
the country.
The t|^B
^u^nd^:^:B
'.■;
^\CB:Lu:M
civnc) u^jM
tv,ten Bi
tut «* " -; mS
fc.Uy* ■

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