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.tvT - .. VLsssT - j? mBBBBmBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBWBBBBsVy .-sir ssssssssssssnL -sssssssssssssssssssssr imssssssssssl I mssssssssssssm V mssssssssssssk laflSssssssssssssssT .aBBBm, Jssssssssssssssssi Sbbsssssssssssf ""TTjfl' j" 5&5bssbssbf J "" T . t 3 HEW TO THE LINE. i "r - " 4- WIND AND BLUSTER An editorial appeared In The Broad Ax of Saturday, July 22, entitled "Pres ident McKInley and The Negro Sol diers," and It was taken exceptions to by a distinguished Individual "who styles himself Senator T. T. Allaln, late of Louisiana, but now of this city. This pre-eminent personage, who oc- casionally contributes articles to sev eral obscure papers, and who holds a cheap position at Washington, which he managed to secure through the In fluence or recommendations of Con gressman J. Frank Aldrich. James R. Mann, and would-be Congressman Geo. E. White. The Louisiana state senator of some thirty or forty years ago, labors under the hallucination, that fifty or one hun dred years hence he will represent this state In the United States senate, at tempts In an extremely long commun ication to reply to our criticism of the treatment, which has been accorded to the Negro soldiers by President Mc KInley. But his defense of the Pres ident consists of nothing more than wind and bluster and Instead of con fining himself to the main proposition or question involved, he like all others who have had no training or Instruc tion In lorfc. branches off in a dozen different directions" at the same time, and it does appear that he endeavored to butt his limited amount of brains out against questions entirely foreign and which had no connection bearing or relation to our editorial. We did not refer to Abraham Lin coln, i Gen. Grant, nor to any other Republican, except President McKIn ley. But this mossback senator of re construction days has not the ability to elaborate upon the actions of Presi dent McKInley towards the Negro sol diers, without bringing Mr. Lincoln's name into the controversy. No man in this Republic entertains a higher re gard for Abraham Lincoln than the writer. But at the same time it must be remembered, that Mr. Lincoln never was an Abolitionist. For in 1837 he declared in a public speech, that In his opinion '"The promulgation of the doc trine of Abolition tends rather to in crease than abate its evils, and that Congress had no power under the con stitution, to interfere with the Institu tion of slavery In the different states." On another occasion Mr. -Lincoln said: "I am not, nor ever have been In favor of bringing about in any way the social or political equality of the white and black races; I am not, nor ever have been in favor of making vot ers or Jurors of Negroes, nor of quali fying them to hold officenor to marry ing with white peqple; and I will say in addition to this, that there la a physical difference between the white and black races, which I believe will forever forbid the two races living to gether on terms of social and political equality." We will refrain from reproducing other extracts from Mr. Lincoln's speeches and1 close along this line with the following quotation from a letter which Mr. Lincoln wrote to Horace Greeley Aug. 22, 1862, wherein Presi dent Lincoln declared, "My paramount object is to save the union and not either to save or destroy slavery. If 1 eould save the union without free ing any slave I would do it. If I could do it by freeing some and leaving oth ers alone I would also do that What I do about slavery and the Colored race T do'because I believe it helps to save the union and what I forbear I forbear because I do not belive it would help to save the union." Mr. Lincoln was decldedfy opposed to arming the Negroes so they could ght for their own. freedom or liberty, and he was apprehensive that In case he did no in less than tea days the guns would all be back in the hands of the rebels. Bat Watery has proves to oursattefactios, that Abraham Lincoln was unfamiliar with the Sghtlag anal lUee of the Negro. It Is asserted by the ex-seaator, who has fought ti " 0Ter mXBte times oa paper, that w owe an ever lasting debt of sratitoie to the Re publican party for the liberty which we now enjoy. "What near this it to do wkk iPresldeat HeXialey's, treat ment e th 3sro seHtars? Doe not mr aaU-Mcviaa friend Jkaow that tae war reorfe at ItaeUstfBlea skew, that ' more than sis aware taoasaad Demo crat foaaat m the side a the matoa, and that some of the greatest gener als, and scores and scores of the lead ing Democratic statesmen were Mr. Lincoln's warmest and most ardent supporters. If our friend 1b unfamiliar with these historical facts we would advise him to spend several years in endeavoring to become posted with the leading vents, which have occurred In this country. In our editorial we made no refer ence of dragging the Negro headlong in to the Democratic party. But the loud mouthed, rattle-brained and empty hearted Republicans always seek to keep him In the Republican Party by appealing to his prejudices and pas sions. But we want to say right here, that the Negro never will amount to any thing In the United States socially, pol itically, financially or otherwise, until he learns to think and act for himself, and In spite of all your Gods and devils. In spite of your threats, bulldozing and overbearing tactics, we shall continue to pursue the even tenor of our way and we will pay no further attention to your long rambling communication, for you have failed to touch upon the point under discussion and it is noth ing but a mass of wind and bluster. THE REVOLT IN OHIO. One of The Colored American's cor respondents of Cincinnati, Ohio ,says, that "the revolt among the Negroes of that state against the President and the Republican party Is assuming alarming proportions." The writer goes on to say. that "it is well enough for Messrs. Green, Lyons and Cheatham, who are drawing large salaries from the nand of President McKInley, to Jolly up the President with taffy. But, It remains an undisputable fact that in the long list of Lieutenants appoint ed for service in the Philippines, not one single colored man appears, and the colored voters of Ohio, who num ber forty-five thousand, hold the Pres ident responsible for this omission. This Is one of the main causes or reason, why the leaders of the Demo cratic party of that state are having no trouble or difficulty in organizing clubs among the Negro voters. If those In control of the Democrat Is party of this state will enable us to scatter The Broad Ax to all parts of Illinois, we will guarantee to put a bug In the ear of each Negro voter, between now and the Presidential elec tion and no power on earth will be able to solidly reunite the Afro-American voters of this state. BAZAAR AT QUINN CHAPEL. The Bazaar at Qulnn Chapel, after two weeks of splendid success, closed last Tuesday night The programs ren dered in the auditorium of the church during that time were very excellent and of great variety. Among them were a baby show, an operetta, and a mass meeting of business men. Dr. E. S. Miller. A. F. Perry and J. N. Croker were judges in the baby show. The operetta was entitled, "The Merry Company," and was arranged by Mrs. A. J. Carey and Mr. E. F. Morris. At tho Business Men's meeting, B. F. Moseley,' Bishop B. W. Arnett E. H. Morris, Rev. R. C. Ranson .and Rev. A. J. Carey spoke. Nearly $3,000 was realized from the effort and the church Is to be congratulated on having such staunch friends. ARRESTED FOR LIBEL. Mr. James Hale Porter, editor of the Illinois Record, published at Spring field, HL, was Indicted by the Grand Jury last week for criminal HbeL Rev. It C Ransom, pastor of Bethel church, was the complainant Mr. Porter gave ball this week. It is not likely that the case will be tried before October. Mr. Porter and Mr. Daniel Macon, who la Mr. Porter's associate 'editor, were also arrested -on complain of As sistant State's Attorney F. L. Barnett charging them with libeling him. Mr. Macon was wrested last Saturday, The case will be heard some time next week. Last ThBrsday evening; Mrs. Hattie Pitts eatsrtalBed a large company of her friends at ler heme, 4KS Armour ave, la aoaor of Mr. James Peaard, of St Loals, who is TSattlag in this city. Dancing was iaaaUma ia natil a small new, Kerresameais were arret at 1L CHICAGO, JULY 29, 1S99. RECPTION TO GRADUATES. The reception tendered to the grad uates of the various high and gram mar schools of the city at Grace church last Tuesday was a brilliant and suc cessful affair. Mrs. Cooper, who man aged the affair, received many compli ments. A very pretty program of Bong and recitation was rendered. Master Eugene Renfroe was Master of Ceremo nies. The high school graduates were Misses Graham, Maud Johnson, Lillian Beas ley, Mamie Davis, and Loreta Taylor, and Master James Renfroe. There were about twenty -five grammar school graduates present Dr. E. S. Miller made the address of welcome. The proceeds were for the benefit of the church. CHIPS. Judge Wm. Prentiss, of room 1103. Title & Trust bldg., 100 Washington street, is desirous of informing all the the people, that he Is a reader of The Broad Ax. C. E. Hunter, of 135 W. 51st cor. of Dearborn, dealer In tobaccos and fine cigars, etc., keeps The Broad Ax oa sale. Those desiring extra copies can leave their order with Mr. Hunter. t Col. John R. Marshall is in Washlng-j ton for the purpose of prevailing upon President McKInley to select competent Negroes for higher positions in the mil itary Eervlce. But the dispatches Indi cate, that the President is not in favor of permitting Negroes of ability to wear shoulder straps. This Is no more than we expected. But when MaJ. McKInley Is renominat ed next year, Col. Marshall and all the other bright lights, will throw up their hats audi yelp and shout for Massa Bill. The Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, Eon of the little giant who Is known to every body In Illinois, has become a sup porter of The Broad Ax. Mr. Doug las occupies a pleasant suite of offices at 155 Washington street and he de lights In showing our Ax to his numer ous clients and friends. Judge John Barton Payne, of room 525 The Temple, who Is one of the most eminent lawyers in the United States, has become a regular subscrib er to The Broad Ax. The Judge Is a Jeffcrsonlan Democrat and he believes In encouraging newspapers published in the interest of the Negro race and Democracy. When you have finished reading this little paper, If you like its sentiments manifest the same by remitting your subscription. But if you do not ap prove of Its utterances, throw it In the waste-basket or trample It under your feet and that will prove that the gray substance, which your brain Is sup posed to "bo composed of. Is lodged in your heels. The Broad Ax is the only Democratic newspaper In tills section of the coun try, or in this state, or city, which is published In the Interest of the Afro American race. Therefore we are firmly of the opinion that those who are Interested in the success of Democ racy should help to support The Broad Ax, for it is admitted that no other medium exercises such a potent influ ence over the minds of men as the newspaper. For the past thirty-five years all those who have affiliated with the Grand Old Party of Plutocracy, which Is controlled by Rothschilds, Morgan and the other members of the Lombard and Wall street cortes, have persistent ly maintained, that the war was waged against the Southern people for the express purpose of liberating the slaves. But at the present time the lead ers and the rank and file of tiie Re publican party are branding every per son as a traitor to his country who Is not In favor of enslaving the Filipi nos. Orders were received from Springfield to pay Companies 'E, F and K, of the 8th Regiment at the Garden City Bank on Thursday, July 27. This order cov ers pay for the time these companies were In Springfield as National Gaards mea ;before they were mastered into the United States army. Miss Grace Slaughter, after a de lightful stay ia oar Takoetdo city, re turned to her home ia Detroit last week. She f sand ear "parks" the most attractive featsre of ear eky. THE NATIONAL AFRO-AMERICAN COUNCIL Thursday, Aug. 17. The regular an nual convention of the National Afro Amcrlcan Council will be held In the Bethel A. M. E. church this city. The sessions will last three days and they will be attended by the most prominent and influential members of our race from all sections of the United States. Bishop Alexander Walter, of Jersey City, N. J., Its President, will preside over the assembly, and tho Bishop T. Thomas Fortune of New York and Mrs. Ida B. Wells-Barnett of Chicago, have been empowered to arrange the fol- i lowing program: THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 10 A. M. Opening prayer. Bishop C. R. Harris, D. D., Salisbury, N. C. Roll call of members, Secretary of Council. Welcome address to the city, by the Mayor, Hon. Carter H. Harrison. On behalf of the Pulpit Rev. R. C. Ranson, D. D., Chicago, 111. On behalf of the People, A. R. Rob erts, Esq., Chicago, 111. Responses, Bishop H. M. Turner, D. D.. LL. D., Atlanta, Ga.; Mrs. Jose phine St P. Ruffin. Boston. Mass.; Rev. E. C. Morris, Helena, Ark.; Hon. G. H. White, M. C , Tarboro, N. C. Address of the President Bishop Alexander Walters, D. D., Jersey City. Report of Secretary, Mrs. Ida B. Wells Barnett Chicago, 111. Treasurer's report, John W. Thomp son, Rochester, N. Y. Appointment of committees. Report of committees on credentials. Report of Literary Bureau, Hon. P. B. S. PInchback, chairman, Washing ton, D. C. Discussion of report Prof. Peter H. Clark, St Louis, Mo.; Mrs. Josephine T. Washington, Birmingham, Ala.; Hon. H. C. Smith, Cleveland. Ohio; Mrs. Fannie Barrier Williams. EVENING SESSION, 8 P. M. Music "Business Enterprises of the Race and How to Foster Them," by Prof. W. E. B. Du Bols, A. M., Atlanta, Ga.; Bishop B. W. Arnett D. D., Wllber force, Ohio; Warren C. Coleman, Con cord, N. C.; Hon. James Hill, Jack son. Miss.; W. R. Pettlford, Birming ham, Ala. General discussion by delegates. Friday, 10 A. M. Devotional exercises. Report of Emigration Bureau, Rob ert Pelham, Detroit Mich. Discussion of paper, by Hon. H. P. Cheatham; Isaiah T. Montgomery, Vicksburg, Miss.; Bishop H. M. Turner, D. D., LL. D., Atlanta. Ga. FRIDAY, 2 P. M. Prayer. Routine business. "How Shall the Council be Sus tained?" paper by Robert H. Terrell, Washington, D. C. Discussion, by T. Thomas Fortutre, New York; Bishop A. Grant D. D., Philadelphia, Pa.; J. E. Bruce, Albany, N. Y.; Dr. N. F. Mossell, Philadelphia, Pa.; Rev. G. W. Lee, Washington, D. C; R. W. Thompson, Indianapolis, Ind. FRIDAY EVENING SESSION 8 O'CLOCK. Report of Legislative Bureau by Mr. Daniel Murray, Washington, D. C. "Phases of Work Disfranchisement" by F. L. Barnett, Chicago, 111. Separate Coach Law, Hon Judson I W. Jiyons, Register of United States Treasury, Hon. George H. White, M. C. I Convict Lease System, Mrs. C. O. Keeler. Lynch Law In America, sby John Mitchell, Jr., Richmond. Va. Discussion, J. R. Clifford, West Vir ginia, Mrs. L B. Wells Barnett;. Mrs. W. F. Henderson, late of Wilmington, N. C. Hardships of Colored Laborers, who are transported from the South In Northern Mines, Rev. H. T. Johnson, X. D., Camden, N. J. SATURDAY, 10 A. M. ,. Best System of Education Needed for the Race. Prof. Kelly Miller Wash ington, D. C. Miss Maria Baldwin Cambridge, Mae& Mrs. A. J. Ceoper, Washington, D. O, Prof. Sf. CAtldne Winston, N. C, Hiss WaeUagtea. Moral Training Hs Needs aad Meth ods Bishop G. W. Clinton, D. D , Char lotte, N. O, H. T. Kealiag, "Waco, Tex Mrs. J. SUeae Yates, Kaasae City, Mo. SATURDAY, 2 P. M. Home Training, by Mrs. Booker T. Washington, Tuskegee, Ala.; Rev. W. Bishop Johnson, Washington, D. C; .Miss Joanna Moore, Nashville, Tenn.; Mrs. Mary Church Terrell, Washing ton, D. C; Mrs. Julia Mason Layton, Washington, D. C. Afro-American Dally, by W. A. Pled ger, Atlanta, Ga. Discussion, J. O. Dancy, Salisbury, N. O; J. W. Henderson, Providence, R. I.; G. L. Knox, Indianapolis, Ind.; William H. Ferris, Boston, Mass.; E. E. Cooper, Washington, D. C: I. B. Scott New Orleans, La.; Charles Alex ander, Huntsvllle, Ala. Address to the Country Committee: W. A. Pledger, Peter H. Clark, H. C. Smith, Bishop J. W. Hood, D. D., F. L. Barnett Mrs. Booker T. Washing ton, I. F. Bradley, J. Frank Blagburn, Lucy E. Moten, W. H. Steward, T. B. Morton, T. Thomas Fortune, P. B. S. PInchback, H. T. Johnson, J. Silone Yates. It Is expected .that this will be the most important gathering in the his tory of the race, and It should receive the hearty support of all who are In terested in the welfare of the negro. SOCIETY ITEMS. Mrs. Mary Miller is mourning for the loss of her parrot Miss Beulah Patterson, a charming young schoolma'am of St Louis, is vis iting Miss Dora Johnson, 5830 Wabash avenue. The Men's Sunday Forum met last Thursday night, and elected two dele gates to the national Afro-American Council. Miss Grace Wllklns sang the offera- tory at St Thomas' Episcopal Mission in Minneapolis last Sabbath. Miss Wll klns and her sister. Miss Blanche, are visiting in that city. Miss Edith Mitchell, of Wllberforce, who has been the guest of Miss R. C. Ransom, left for her home last Wed nesday. Mls3 Mltchtll sang the "Ave Maria" at the evening service of Bethel church last Sabbath. Miss Ida Pratt .the talented and ac complished pianist, and Mr. Pedro T. Tlnsley, the celebrated local baritone, will give a song and piano recital at Grace church, Monday, August 21. Mr. Albert B. George Is managing the af fair. Mr. John Slater, of 5133 Armour ave nue, has been serving as a juror in Judge Waterman's court for the last two weeks. He sat In the famous mur der case of Augusta Styles, who killed her mother In a fit of passionate re sentment A delightful day's outing on the lake was enjoyed by a small company of well known folks last Tuesday. In the party were Rev. and Mrs. Ransom, Dr. and Mrs. Hall, Dr. L. C. Palmer, Miss Jessie Gillespie, Dr. Williams, of Philadelphia. Miss La France Settle. Mr. James L. Curtis, and Miss Ethel Mitchell, of Wllberforce. Mr. George W. Scott of Washing ton, D. C, who accompanied Acting Secretary of War Melklejohn on an of ficial Inspection of Red Fox River, Wis consin, stopped over in the city last week, and was the guest of Assistant County Attorney Louis B. Anderson. He went oir-to Washington with Mr. Melklejohn upon receipt of the news of Secretary Alger's resignation. LETTER OF COMMENDATION. July 15th, 1899. To whom it may concern: Julius F. Taylor, who comes to this city well recommended, has begun the publication of "The Broad Ax," which, I am informed, will disseminate Democratic principles and contend for the higher intellectual development of the Afro-American .race and mankind In general. While he la thus engaged I "bespeak for him the hearty support of all loyal and true friends of Democ racy. Respectfully, Carter H. Harrison. TVetaea SJjca FalBtera. Berlin has added sign painters to the sally Increasing list of women who work at men's trades. These women have served a regular apprestlceshlp, iscladlng gymnastic training, so that they will not lose their nerve while worklsg oa scaffolds or ladders. They wear the gray linen frock and cap that k the hoase painter's badge as well as his shield from paint NO. 44. PROQRESS AND REFORM, Of the eight members constituting the board of directors of the Y. M. C. A. of Toklo, Japan, six have been to America. The Methodists, Presbyterians, Epis copalians and Roman Catholics each have a church at Dawson City, and It Is stated that all of these, besides the Salvation Army barracks, are filled every Sunday night The Salvation Army has decided to organize several colored corps In the principal southern cities, with a view of establishing colored branches of the Army throughout the southern states, If the Idea seems to be practicable. Bishop Hartzell recently had a long Interview with Cecil Rhodes In Africa. Mr. Rhodes promised concessions of lands and buildings and co-operation in their development especially In es tablishing Industrial missions among the natives. Some German cities are considering the question of appointing physicians to have charge of the health of school children. In Cbarlottenburg, a suburb of Berlin, five have already been ap pointed, each having in charge from 1,800 to 2,000 children. Arthur S. Gray, a colored man of Kansas, who was thrown on his own resources at the age of 13, has now reached the place of private secretary to the chief of the Bureau of Statis tics, the only colored man In Washing ton to enjoy such rank and pay. Of the 55,110,000 desired by the ves leyan Church of England as a "twen tieth century fund," $3,475,289 has al ready been subscribed. It has been decided to use $1,000,000 of the fund for building a Wesleyan Hall In Lon don, capable of seating 3,000 persons. MISSION NOTES. The Society for the Diffusion of Christian and General Literature among the Chinese, last year printed more than 37,000,000 pages, and the Presbyterian Mission Press, in Shang hai, printed 45,000,000 pages. The Lutheran missionaries refused money in China to the extent of $10, 000, for the murder of two of their number, maintaining that all they wished was to be allowed to continue their work without molestation. Dr. Sheldon Jackson says: "In 1890, when the Congregational Mission was established at Cape Prince of Wales, no whaler had dared drop anchor In the neighborhood for ten years.' Now ships can anchor and their, crews go on shore with safety." Dr. Nicholson has been engaged twenty-seven years in the circulation of the Bible In Russia, and In spite of the fact that the work must be done very quietly, it has grown from 30,000, coples distributed in 1869, to over 500, 000 copies distributed In 1893. Oscar Straus, minister to Turkey, has received assurances from the Tur kish government that tho claim of the American missionaries will be pa.o. The claim amounts to over $100,000, and Is for the destruction of mission property during the Armenian mas sacres. The movement to Induce Individuals, Endeavor Societies and churches to un dertake the support of ar Individual missionary or mission station, Is be ing actively forwarded by D. W. Wlsh ard, of the American Board. It la thus hoped to arouse more general lzterest In mission work, and to make it possi ble for the Board to broaden Ks field of operations. PERSONAL, Andrew Carnegie's latest gift Is one of $50,000 to Stevens institute, Ho boken, N. J., for a new engineering laboratory. The civil authorities of Santiago have renamed one of the city streets after Gen. Wood, bestowing upon if his Christian name as welL They pro pose to name the road over which the American troops entered the city after the surrender "Shafter arenas" The other day the earl of Perth, the oldest peer la the house of lords, cele brated his 93d birthday. Amoag the earl's other titles are included heredi tary Thane of Lennox and hereditary steward of Moateith aad 8tratheam aad while fourteenth earl of Perth he la ;lxth ear! of Mrffort, Among the Xaglish peers aad peer asses in business are: Leri Loadoa derry, coal dealer; Harfsisa of 'Kate, wine grower; Lord Sndeley, Jam-maker; Lord Ramfariy, finlt farmer; Lord Harrington, forlst and green grocer; Lord Normaaby, schoolmaster; Xri, De La War, hotel proprietor; Coaatsca of Warwick; dealer la aeeateirork; ViscoHntess HamsJedaa, beofcstatt pro prietor; Lord Bartea, brewer; Lord Areaeaa, brewer; Lard Iranae.tfwer: tTrJ Aakfna Mnihik tj . . . ..i, .., una rmi- aaar. hanker; Lord JUTWokrb ker; Lord Wolvertaa, baak,, 'na; Lor Gleaesk, aewaaapjrWmaV m i -. -a?.