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HEW TO THE LrllVE.
CHICAGO, SEPfEMBEE 19, 1903.
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The Mfxiflg or
"You dim-descended black, dlviae.
soui'd African, "large, fine-headed,
nobly formed. "saperMv destined !
The article on the- Octoroons by
-The Doctor1-Interested r ami It
was well written. The illustration
about the tree was pretty bat was. It
correct? The Idea of a tree prpducjag
so much fruit one- year, half the
quantity the second year. .Quarter the
third year, and so on down to the
seventh year whea. 128th only was
produced-would be hard to prove from
actual experience. Every hortfcaltur
1st knows that the -quantity of fruit
produced by a tree Is rarely the saae
or two successive years. If a tree
produces heavily oa year the follow
ing year it produces bat little, and
frost, parasites, lack, of culture, lacE
of food, all play a part The Idea of
crossing one fralt with other -distinct
species does not apply to the Inter
mixing of black aid -white, as the
African race is a distinct ' race but
not a distinct species. The African
race is not all black. To the north,
among the Arabs he color 4s dive.
and hard at times to distinguish from
the peoples of southern Bufopel
The African Is a distinct race, bHt
not a distinct species. If the Bible be
true all the children of men are de
scended from Adam, and this only
200 generations ago. allowing 3years
for each generation. ""
In the United States there Is a great
deal of nonsense said and written"
about the Negro-race and compari
sons are made between civilized and
uncivilized races. There is only a
veneer of civilization in the 'white
races as yet It is not so long since
Jews and others were barned alive
by European laws and occasionally
crimes by mobs usually composed of
the "best citizens" are reported from
highly civilized European nations.
Look at the atrocities perpetrated by
them in China and South. Africa.
Illiteracy Is measured la Barope by
the inability of the people to read
and write, and the percentage Is
heavy; but there is a larger percent
age of people in America who do not
think. And this is far worse, because
the Americans think they know more
than the peoples of Europe. I sup
pose the average man woald say the
people or the United States were
civilized, but in some sections it is
only a veneering, and very think, at
that. And crimes are committed
every month against citizens of Afri
can descent merely because they are
African, which will make great read
Jng fifty years from now; as we today
read of puatskmeats for witch-craft
not so long ago. It assaaes sae to read
of a patriotic citizen oa. soae fourth of
July saying "alll sea are created free
and eouaL" How many white xoea
would vote fof a cctered eaadldate-
for the Presidency today?
The tone of the Dr'a. article, how
ever, is kinder and suggests, jery
wisely that the African raees saast
look to themselves aad aatosg thaaa
selves for their salvation. Bat to t
his Idea the sambers 1-24-6-8 rather
fanciful? The learned Rlbet page
300. HereMIty, says' that &
men of mixed Weod ef aH drsea f
hybridization, are waajBus, ?
a new natJon." Tien ja- at a kl
with reference to ataQKy
octoroons. He does state that ttoa
tendency of Mixing f T 4
cause a refarji to gp whHf raw. t
this Is In coaatxiea-w th
seems to he thf ? $
Is the hWlalrV f &
northern Barope aciiftt VgL
where aMnHkkr'&t mmmUx te
skin heoasaa' Taaatecl "aa thtt a
accift? mnM -jSaM hisasa rf
Vhftn !.. ' tm W
lal regions ef Afrlea? &
P. J. Q'Shea.
ancestor. So that every white man!
in the world has colored blood in biB
veins; and -every colored man white
blood. And whatever may be said
about the Bible, science teaches us
the same great truth.
Peschel in his great work "The
Races of Man,' says the power or fer
tility of the -races is not impaired by
cross-breeding. And although he says,
page 8, that in Central America the
offspring become barren this he
ascribes to immorality and not to any
physiological causes. He also notes
that that sterility is ascribed to the
mixed population of Jamica, Cuba and
St Domingo, but these statements are
not authentic and bare been con
tradicted. Nor does the Illustrious
Darwin say a word about the infertil
ity of the Octoroons, and he was one
of the most accurate observers that
has ever written on the subject On
the contrary he says: "Descent of
Man." pages 170-171. be has known
mulatto families which have inter
married for several generations and
nave continued on an average as
fertile as either pure whites or pure
blacks. In support of his statements
that ths repeated crossing of races
does not decrease fertility he quotes
Dr. Broca, Dr. Bachman, of Charles
ton, S. &, Prof. Agasslz. and Sir
Charles LyelL Further on Darwin
gives the testimony of Dr. Rohlfs that
tire mixed races in the Great Sahara,
derived from. Arabs, Berbers and
the Negroes are extraordinarily
fertile. And the same author citing
numerous authorities says not only in
his Descent of Man, but in his other
works, that "there is absolutely no
limit to the power of propagation of
mired peoples. So it may readily be
seen that the theory or the "Doctor"
Is very fanciful, that the facts and
evidence of all scientific men con
Indeed -all the authorities I have
examined during a long course of
study tend to show that crossing and
intercrossing Increase fertility. And
that where the hybrid variety Is not
fertile, this Is due entirely to other
causes, sach as are due to pathologi
cal rather than physiological causes.
And it must not b forgotten that in
many localities increase in wealth and
comfort is another factor to be con
sidered. Rich families are not fertile.
w-rHiitv is persistently avoided and
children, more often than suspected,
are accidents of matnmony.
Jn plant life the crossed species arr
as a rale aotibly haray ana proiu
The very crossing and intercrossing
of peoples, in the United States Is
prodaclng a racd of men, hardy, pro
gressive, intellectual and will in time.
I hope become civilized.
Let the African race get busy in
politics. What Is the matter with the
colored voter here? Why is the "race
not represented In the political offices.
No JastiGe of the. Peace no Judge, jao
Congressman, are they not powerful
eaoagh numerically to force repre
aeatattoa there. No colored judge in
Cook county? What is the Mailer?
i kaow soBW especlslly bright brainy
lawyers of-this race, whom I would
Let "the race show self respect by
deasandiag recognition due to their
votiag power. T?
lido win respect them accordingly.
sv Slater Attends the A. M. E. Con
ference v. George W. WtViormerly pV
:Tr . Chapel, left
tor oi-xae w" - - -
1 f U- gcotfagn6
- rU,-AHr. Who i
OmJ IMI mWB""' - .
Prcf. Richard rjUPa Great Speech a
the Opening Session cf the National
Negro Business. League. J
'Mr. President OBcars and wi9
bers of the National Negro Businessl
... .V- .'.... .
League, Ladles and Gentlemen: B
"In the oune of those who kno Government was founded on griev
that (he Negro can 4o more Ihkal8110-8- The bod? of tte Declaration
hew wood and draw water: In fheU
name of those who believe no mas'
our superior unless he acts better
In the name of thos who think that'
the best way to break up Insolence and,
insult in shops and stores of all
. . r ' rT'
Kinas is to build up shops and stores
of our own; in the name of those who'
believe that the best way to secure
congenial work for our sons and
daughters Is to make It ourselves; intkIckB' nor manifest the servility of a
the name of those who believe that If
a Negro can make a fortune for other
men he can make one for himself;
in the name of those who-believe that
if we have produced one or two mil
lionaires during the past years of
determined, persistent oppression, we
will have dozens in a few years more:
"In the name of those who twlleve
In no prescribed place or education,,
but who believe In the fullest develop
ment of our people in very way and
every vocation; In the name of those
who believe In equality before the
law and the privilege of possessing
and using what Is our own In peace,
In the name of those who believe
that the right to vote Is the high
est privilege vouchsafed to an Ameri
can and should be exercised by every
brave and true man .without dictation
or corerckra; in the name of those who
know that a Negro Is a man and only
asks a man's chance; In the name of
Those who believe what President
-Roosevelt has so nobly said:
A maa i
.- . , 1. . V VI. Ma
WOO IB gUOQ BHUUJJU UJ bubu us wvm
given a square deal afterwards; In the
name of those who hate all crime and
love Justice and order; in the name
of those who believe that an Individual
as well as a nation must be pre
pared to guard his belongings as well
as his life and honor from the attacks
of others; In the name of those who
feel that they should be prepared even
to assist the officers of the law In sup
pressing lawlessness and protecting
the' Innocent; In the name of those
:who believe that God Is not dead; In
the name of those who believe In lov
ing God with your whole heart and
your neighbor as yourself; in the
name of those who have no faith In
the oerson who says he loves God,
whom'lie hath not seen, and hateth his j
brother, whom he hath seen.
"In the name of those who feel that
300 years of unrequltted ton and tears
has brought us the privilege of denying
that 'this Is a white man's country;'
In the name of our mothers whose
blood has been lashed from .their
bodies la streams, by the cruel whips
of the slave-driver, and whose hearts
are dripping still over the unbridled,
licentious conduct of the slave-driver's
sons; In the name of oar mothers who
have never ceased to pray and mourn
for her children, and whose mighty
struggles to be, pare and holy are
known oaly to God In heaven; In the
name of our fathers and sons; for
whose honor we strive oauy; m ui
name of our wives aad daaghters for
rho-a viftae we are ready to 'do and
iH-" in the name of all these nad
more, we welcome you to Nashrtlle."
Prof. Booker T. Washington, who
owns and control the Colored Nea'a
Business Leagae. aad the editors of
the White newspapers of Nashvilte,
were very mach displeased with Prof.
HID for delivering this polished aard
,fcfni oration: Prof Washington,
his white allies and his other tools
were nasaceessfnl to tar tsuif i
cJuatsranTe. lor Prot SBg
burning words of eloquence caaght the
paople aad they left a- i-tin 1m-S&oa-oa
the miad of tW wfce
.-n..tMi vr CaBoway.
.., im ,. asradaate ef Ftfc tf al
TSS rfFtL iadfa&
ar -.? fWrnrar is sfrMfrr
tth Vr. aad Jtf.
;u" , Ti ZXr&jSbboutthe grievanews of his people
for his coaatry; Is good eaoagh-to hf.--.- r..
HE 8 NOT A M08E3.
Booker T. Washington, in his speech
at Nashville before the Negro Business
convention, spoke against the Colored
le Ire8lng thvsir grletrances.
Beemel to na forgotten that this
of Independance is a long catalogue of
grievances, and the,, first amendment
to the constitution, after guarantee
ing free religion, free speech and a
free press, very emphatically be
stows upon the people the right to
petition for the redress of grievances.
"Grin and bear It" may be Mr.
Washlnton's policy, but the manly
Negro will not exchange grins for
slave when the American constltu
tlon has armed him with weapons of
a freeman. In Cuba It was the griev
ance against' Spam that after insti
gating a ten-year war, precipitated
a final conflict which gave a new re
public to the world. The Irish never
cea3e to cry oat agaIn8t EnSlaa,r8
oppressions of Ireland. The Finns
and the Jews are heard ail over the
world In their complaints against the
tyranny and outrages of Russia, arms
against the blggotted despot at-TSon-
tantinople. Yet our "Moses'
America calls upon his people to sup
press all reference to the hardships
-and violence Inflicted upon them.
The opportunity which Mr. Wash
nlgton calls upon us to emphasize re
I mains a mere suflrauce where the
protection by the ballot! Is withdrawn.
It Is. a creature of changeable cir-
t en instance which any caprice or shift
of conditions may at once destroy.
But this modern "Moses" Is much
unlike the ancient Moses, who kept
(V'n an-m 9 1)kPAflti KiisMilwo wrltfi TllfZ
" WM l iww.m uu.u.fe .ww. -
alTdhlew,"tife"Bgyptlan whon ha
discovered maltreating his Israelitish
He is more like Judas than Moses,
dffereing from his prototype only, In
contmanding a higher price than the
pitiful 30 pieces of silver for which
Judas sold bis Master, his people and
his soul. -The Advance, St Louis,
The University of Illinois has Just j
conferred the degree of Master of .
Arts on Mrs. Josephine Silone Yates, I
President of the National Association
of Colored Women, jars, xaies is.
Professor of Literature and Science
in Lincoln Institute. Jefferson City,
fMo. Her thesis on Frencn literature
was highly praised by the University
Mrs. Cordelia West and Mrs. L. A.
Davis spent two. days at Auora,' last
week. They addressed the Auora
Charity Club and completed its
organization. The officers were exact
ed and the club with its 28 members-!
promises to be one of the most active
in the federation. The Sunshine
Circle, composed of young Misses
ranging from 14 to 18 years was also
organized. The little Misses from 10
to 14 are contemplating the organiza
tion of "Tha Busy Bee Club, having
for Its object the suppression or slang
and to discourage all boisterous and
unseemly conduct in public places.
The club spirit is receiving great im-
jetus in the beautiful Uttta city of
Auora. and much good will oe ac
complished' bjr' thJ earnest workers.
The Phyllis Wheatley Club held a
very pleasant meeting In spite of the
dlsaEreeable weather Wednesday
afternoon, at the residence ff IStb. C
oberts, 304 EL 62d street Woodlawa,
Mrs! buamore led th dtocasslea ea
Dr.. Leach's attitude toward dab
women. The members ceaeladed that
the' Rev. Dr. was not well lafomed
concerning the work that wemen had
dose and were doing by aeaai of the
1 elab. ' The hostess served a MBacaa-
tkl lunch at the close of the meeting
aad'ihe members felt ajsply repaid
fpc Jhsir wag. ,mps.
' Attorney wnjiaa Bltckte. Oxford
lafldtog; ia m Paltteera, jtaVMteaa
.r iii-Jr -1fr.iitfMfcir u.
L WW.M.frVW "", -
Monday morning Xawyer Edward E.
Wilson was called to the Harrison St
police station, a den which he does
hot frequent more than six or seven
times a year, to look after a case for
one of his clients, and while he was
standing In front of the railing ready
to proceed with his case he was or.
derd by Balfff Griffin to go and take
a seat among the crowd, and as Mr.
Wilson refused to comply to the re.
quest of the ballff he was seized by
four or five police officers .who acted
as though they had been drinking
They dealt him several violent
blowB, smashed his hat. then. Inspec
tor P. J. Lavln, who Is entirely unfit
ted to serve In that capacity, ordered
his brutal and cowardly officers to
throw Mr. Wilson down stairs and
lock him up, and they held him in cus
tody for half an hour, even after At
torney 'John" G. Jones had signed his
bond, and now Mr. Wilson, has
brought suit in the circuit court
against Inspector Lavln, Sergeants
Cannon arid McCann and the other
officers for $10,000, and he intends to
fight them to the bitter end.
The Morrell-Fowler Wedding.
Miss Annie Lewis Morrell was unit
ed In marriage to Mr. Stuart Dolden
Fowler Wednesday,. .Sept 16, at the
residence of the bride's parents, 6031
Champlaln avenue. The ceremony
was performed at high noon by Rev.
Moses H. Jackson, pastor of Grace
Presbyterian Church. Nearly fifty per
sons, relatives and immediate friends
Miss Bylvene Jackson attended as
siald ofhonor.GeprgeCalloway served
as best man, and Albert B. George
arte4 as master of ceremonies;
The bride was handsomely attired
in a traveling suit of blue cloth with
hat to match. The bridal bouquet
was of white roses. '
A small reception followed the wed
ding ceremony, after which the happy
couple left for Waukesha, Wis., where
I they will spend a portion of their hon
eymoon. They will be af home to
their friends after Sept 26, and until
farther announcement at the resi-
deHCe gain's sister, Mrs. J. C
McKlnney, 5119 drove avenue.
The brlde and gm are ooth act.
Iye memDers 0f the Grace Presbyte.
ri Church. Mr. Fowler is one of
the elders of the church and stated
clerk of the session, also financial
secretary and treasurer.
Mrs. Fowler Is an earnest and faith
ful teacher In the primary depart
ment of the Sunday-school. D.
It Is announced that Professor W.
E. Burghardt Du Boto is t work on
a novel which A. p. cClurg & Co.,
thre, publishers of his successful book.
"The Souls of Blacki Folk." will bring
out In the Fall of 1904. Needless to
say. Professor Du Bols's story will
deal with the subfeet that lies nearest
his heart, the Negro problem, aad
those of us who have read his burn
ing words and impassioned pleas for
his people in "The Souls of Black
Folk" will aot be surprised if the story
prove oar of the literary sensations
of the coming year. Mr. Du Bote,
with his rich imagalnaUon. has an
earnestness of purpose that ought to
carry hjs book straight to the hearts
of the American people.
"The Souls of Black Foik," by tae
way appeared at the psychoioglaal sso
raeat Never has this coaatry bees se
stirred about the race qaestloa, aad
never has any bbok sBpwa sq clearly
"how it feels to be a aroaieaj " as
Professor Du Bojs puts it
The A. M. B. Coaf ereace is ta ses
sion this week at Dee Moines; Iowa,
and a. late issue ef the Register aad
Ln& of .that Cky fQaiala the haad
sesse ai'( Jteva, Pi-tiaf Ha-
hsrt Boraee 0. Gravae, wapse wa
rns reeard mart he ploarisg to th
Le. aad CoL ABrahaat Liaeaisi Mir-
Lawyer Edward E Wilson Assaulted
by the Harrison St Police.
V 7& V$g?? & WR "f
I VTA? ZSZZ. iwft. ir "-- ""-'-
James C. Blaney, Chicago's tip-top
boiler Inspector, has moved Into his
new home, 5126 Emerald avenue.
Mrs..Bdward H. Wright M63 Wa
bash Ave., passed away from this
life Monday, and she was laid to rest'
?n Oakwood Wednesday.
Mrs. Perry Bates. 6224 Dearborn
street leaves Monday evening on a
three weeks' visit to Denver, CoL;
Omaha," Neb.. -and Qulncy. 111. v
John E. Treager, who is the beat
coroner Cook county has- ever had
will be re-nomlnated and re-elected to
that same office In 1904.
Hon. William Loeffler, ex-City Clerk
of Chicago, arrived home Monday
frosa, Europe, where he spent two
months In visiting friends and lnfa
miliarizing himself with the scenes of
hia boyhood days. Mr. Loeffler Is
looking hale and hearty and he great
ly enjoyed his trip to his native land.
Mr. Theodore Oehne, vice-president
of the great Conrad Seipp Brewing
Company, Is Just the man for the De
mocracy to nominate for Recorder of
Cook County In 1904. Mr. Oehne is.
one of the many popular Germaa
Americans of Chicago, and he would
be a winner If he should be selected
aa Recorder of this county.
CoL Robert E. Burke's red-wheeled
buggy was smashed up In an aaci-
Ideat at Randolph and Clark streets
Monday morning. CoL .Burke es
caped from the wreck without re
celvlng one scratch, and he expects
to be In good shape to knock out the
Carter H. Harrison machine on the
North Side when the time comes to
elect delegates to the next Democrat-
ic "State "Convention of Illinois: T"
President Roosevelt "this week par
doned G. D. and B. F. Cosby, the two
leading slave drivers of AlaDama, who
were sent to prison last summer for
buying and selling colored men, woi
men and children. Some fool Negroes
also requested the President to re
lease those two notorious or revolt,
ing specimens of depravity from Jail
notwithstanding the fact that (t cost
Uncle Sain thousands of dollars to
Tuesday evening, Sept 15, Mrs
Jennie Cable and Mr. William A.Jack
son were united In marriage at the,
home or Mr. and Mrs, Simon Ford,
6046 Armour avenue, Rev. F. A. M&
Coo performing the ceremony. The
bride and groom were the recipients
of many lovely presents. The fol
lowing friends were present to wish
the newly married couple unbounded
Joy and happiness during the remain
der of their Journey through lifei
Mrs. Lula Bailey. Mrs. Delia Jackson.
Miss E.P.McGann,New Orleans, La. ;
Mrs. Callie McGahn, Miss Ida" Mar
shall, Mrs. Frank Johnson, Mr. Drew
SImms, Mrs. Isaac Fowler, Mr. C
Hart, Mrs. Rath Wayraaa, Mrs. Julia
Bryant Mrs. Mary Crawford and Mr
and Krs. Julias F. Taylor-
Alderman P. J. O'Connell, 31st ward,
Is home from spending his vacation
at Loag Lake, and the Alderman gag
his family enjoyed their outing im
mensely. Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Burgee '
paid thea a visit at Long Lak aad
one evening it was suggested by the
ladles that the Alderman "aad Mr.
Bargee oaght to go aalpe haatiag.
Mr. Bargee agreed to wade eul into
the swamp and hold the -bag. whBe
the Alderman was to wait around Ms
edges aad drive the snipe fctte the
mouth of the sack, bat ae snle
hoyed ia sight and Mr," Brae came
sear belag eatea ap hj ajpsaaj.
toaa befere fr realised ftat ha wja
the victim of a cruel joke, aad Al
derman O'CofmeTT claiau that his
frid Sarjpee laW"; M If"
words before rethiag to $ &
aight aad he is aew -wHJaage SP?
it.- a ta -Rot aa esaert aalte haatac.
J3 tetfor-alade salts, aacaMod fcK.
siKX ForeeC ayoaae. aad he mt
mwtot && 4
of climatic MlBMoac? Tt Jfc
trae are aatr" -Mr MM
111 -oaks' vacatloa.
ffiea descended: .sn"
ll. ami mm- !--- .