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THE BROAD AX, CHICAGO, JANUARY 29, 1916.
Agents and Correspondents Wanted to Handle THE
BROAD AX. Liberal Commissions to Live Agents.
Address, Julius F.TayloY, 6532 St. Lawrence A v., Chicago
THE BROAD AX
WW promulgate ud at all times nphold
the true principles of Democracy, bet
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JULIUS F. TAYLOR. Editor and Publisher
Entered as Seeend-Closs Matter Aug. Ut
laot, at tb. Post Offlee at Chicago. Illinois,
tinder Art of March t, 187S.
NATIONAL NEWS NOTES.
Brief Bits of News and Comment on
Men and Women.
PRESIDENT XJEGES INDEMNITY.
Asks Congress to Appropriate $41,030
as "Act of Grace" for Mob Victims.
Washington, D. C. President Wilson
continues to grieve the Colored citizen
ship of the United States by his very
queer attitude in all matters affecting
them. He recently served notice -on
Bishop Walters of the African Metho
dist Episcopal Zion Church that no Col
ored man would be appointed Recorder
of Deeds in the District of Columbia,
a place which has been held by Colored
men from time immemorial. A vacan
cy has existed for eighteen months or
more and the belated announcement is
just made that the position is not to be
given to a Colored man. During this
same week he congratulates Major E.
B. Moton upon succeeding to the Prin
cipalship of Tuskegee Institute, while
ignoring altogether the death of the
man whom Major Moton is to succeed.
He now follows this up by a special
message to Congress advocating an ap
propriation of $41,030 indemnity to
Greece, Austria-Hungary and Turkey on
account of injuries done to subjects of
these countries, respectively, by mob
violence in riots on .February 21, 1909,
at South Omaha, Neb., when Edward
Lowrey, a policeman, was shot by John
Massourides, a Greek subject whom the
officer had arrested. The request is
made of Congress "as "an act of grace
and without refrenco to the liability of
the United States."
This special message is sent to Con
gress by the President during the same
week that announcement is made of
the lynching of 69 men and women in
the South during the year, 1915. Not
a word of protest issues from the White
Houso in condemnation of this terrible
lawlessness. A special message from
the President would center attention
upon this deplorable practice and if
the President could see his waj- clear
that "indemnities" were paid the vic
tims of lynch law in this country, the
practice would cease.
An Infallible Means to Secure Justice.
Portland, Oregon Mankind 's pas
sionate quest for justice, which began
soon after the expulsion of the first
pair from the Garden of Eden, and
which has been ffosccutcd with trials
and tribulations through all the ages,
is to be crowned with success in one
state of the Union, at least, and in this
Twentieth Century, unless Mr. B. P.
Hutton, Superintendent of the Anti
Saloon League of Oregon, is very much
mistaken. Mr. Hutton has been mak
ing a tour of Eastern Oregon, explain
ing the recently-adopted prohibition
law of that State, telling "what is in
it," and "how to got the good out of
it." His scheme for securing justice
is almost startling in its simplicity.
Lot him speak: "The poorest law
and the poorest officials will secure
more results with a 'bunch' to back
them than the best law and the best
officials can get if only an unorganized
public sentiment is behind them."
That is tho burden of Mr. Hutton 's
message, "and he is arranging for or
ganized demonstrations of public back
ing for enforcemest, to be made is tire
courtroom when the first half dozen
' trials come up in each county or in the
local community, since cases under the
prohibition law may come up in any
court, from justice court to circuit
Of course, now that the secret is out,
there will be countless claims of prior
discovery. Indeed, history would seem
to afford some notable instances of
cases in which courtrooms have been
"packed" with mobs bent on swaying
judge and jury to their side. But it
can probably be demonstrated that
these were instances in which the un
regenerate elements of the community
gathered together to secure their own
selfish evil ends. Mr. Hutton, on the
contrary, proposes the organization of
the "truly righteous" for the purpose
of showing that it will be healthier for
all officially concerned, to follow the
wishes of the "courtroom audience
("mob" would seem the wrong term
in such connection), the law and the
evidence to the contrary notwithstand
ing. But one case occurs to the mem
ory in which the "better elements"
have exerted their power in such a way.
This was where the "best citizens" of
aSouthern city somewhat spontaneous
ly crowded a courtroom, day after day,
demanding the blood of a prisoner in
the dock, in which demand they were
entirely successful. For though, after
conviction; sentence of death was com
muted by a governor who was swayed
by old-fashioned notions of the law and
the conduct of courts, the object of
their wrath was ultimately seized and
And this, be it observed, was a mur
der not a liquor case, though occurring
in a prohibition- State. So Mr. Hut
ton's right of invention, so to speak,
should be acknowledged. "Better an
hour of justice than a century of pray
er," say the Mohammedans. How
many centuries of useless prayer will be
saved when Mr. Button's scheme gets
in full working order!
CARE OF THE BABY.
After the Second Year.
ARTICLE NUMBER TWO.
When the baby reaches the third
year he should be fed four times a day
at regular intervals, having the heavi
est meal in the middle of the day.
It is of the utmost "importance to
teach him to chew his food carefully
and thus to take plenty of time at his
meals. But since his tiny teeth can
only parti' masticate his food, this
should be properly prepared for him.
Meat should be cut into small pieces,
vegetables either mashed or put
through the colander, and all the cores,
skins and seeds should be removed
He should not be allowed to drink
while eating solid food, lest he fall into
the habit of washing down his food
before it is thoroughly chewed, as do
so many of his elders.
The following foods are recommend
ed for children from two to three
years; and a daily program is suggest
ed for the convenience of the mothers:
7:30 a. m.: Cereal Well-cooked oat,
wheat or corn preparation, with thin
cream or milk afld very little sugar.
Cereals should be cooked three hours
in a double boiler, and flavored with a
little salt when being cooked.
Glass of whole milk, warmed in the
cool months of the year.
Egg, soft boiled, poached or coddled.
Toast, or dry bread and butter.
10:00 a. m.: Fruit Use one orange
and strain tho juice; or a baked ipple,
and two graham crackers; or
Warm milk, one glass, with dry bread
2:00 p. m.: Vegetable soup, one tea
cupful; or, meat broths with rice or
Meat Beef, mutton, or chicken,
broiled, roasted, or boiled; or, fish,
cut into small pieces, flavored with a
little salt; use no pepper, sauces or
Potato Baked, mashed, with a lit
tle salt, butter and milk, or salt and
cream; or, boiled, rice or spaghetti, both
thoroughly cooked; with butter or
Green vegetables Either -carrots, as
paragus, string beans, peas, spinach,
young beets, or squash, each cooked
until very soft, with a little salt in tho
water; strained through a colander or
Dessert Applo tapioca pudding, or
baked apple, or apple sauce or stewed
prunes, or plain custard, or junket.
Drink Water. No milk at this meal.
Stale bread, with butter.
6:00 p. m.: Bread and milk; or ce
real farina, arrowroot, or wheat or
milk; or milk toast; or dry toast or
bread with glass of milk.
Saw fruit juice and milk should not
be given at the same meal.
. Do not givek child of this age any
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Member of the Board of Assessors of
strong supporters of Hon. Lawrence
President of the United States.
of the following foods: Pork in any
form, or salted meats or salted fish;
cabbage, onions, celery, radishes, let
tuce, cucumbers or raw tomatoes; hot
breads, or griddle cakes, sweet cakes,
pastry, syrups, or jellies; nuts or can
dies; bananas, nor any green or over
ripe fruit; tea, coffee, wine, beer, cider
or soda water. Mothers are apt to err
chiefly in the matter of sweets in feed
ing children. An excess of sweet food,
not onl' upsets the young stomach but
destroys partially the appetite for plain
Children should be taught to eat sim
ple, well-cooked food, but should not
.be forced to eat when they have no
appetite. If a child shows a disinclin
ation to eat some special food, which
he ought to have, this should be given
first at the meal, even if only a small
quantity is eaten. Do not fall into the
error of scolding the child at meal
times, which should be one of the pleas
antest hours of the day, full of fun and
joy. A little judicious coaxing will
usuallj- result in the child's taking the
right food in sufficient quantity.
Methods of preparing meats, vege
tables and soups for young children are
given in Infant Care, a little book,
which is sent free to all who ask for
it, addressing the request to the Chief
of the Children's Bureau, U. S. De
partment of Labor, Washington, D. C.
THE ACTIVITIES OF THE LEAD
ERS OF THE MANY SECRET SO
CIETIES IN -THIS CITY.
The Knights Templars and Ladies of
the Order of the Eastern Star are ar
ranging for one of the Grandest Ma
sonic Conclaves ever held in the City
of Chicago. The conclave will be held
during the month of August, and every
state in the Union will be represented
by Sir Knights and Ladies of the Ma
Wed. eve, Jan. 19th, Electa Chapter
No. 1, the largest O. E. S. Chapter in
tho State, tendered the newly elected
officers a beautiful reception at the
home of Mrs. Gertrude Bailey, the new
ly elected Associate Matron. Mrs.
Rosie Guchia, the Worthy Matron, and
a number of" the Past Matrons and Pa
trons, were present, and a delightful
time was had by all present.
Mrs. Millie Heizer, Worthy Matron
of Garden City Chapter No. 33, is very
ill with the grip. Her many friends
wish for her speedy recovery.
Mrs. Deborah Prichard, the Oldest
Heroine of Jerico in Hlinois, celebrated
her S9th birthday Jan. 16th. She still
remembers her obligations to the Hero
ines the world over.
The ladies of Garden City Chapter
are preparing to give a fancy dress
party during the -month of February.
Cook County and one of the many
Y. Sherman for the nomination for
The Eastern Star Club is doing some
excellent work along the charity line.
Mrs. Lucy Dorsey, P. G. A. M. of the
Order of the Eastern Star, is danger
ously ill at her home, 5045 Federal st
She is one of the pioneer members of
Mrs. Alice Smith, a member of Gar
den City Chapter, passed away at the
home of her mother in Cairo, 111., Sun
day, Jan. 23rd.
The officers of Princess Bernice Chap
ter No. 34 O. E. S., were installed by
Mr. Walter H. Thommasson, the retir
ing Worthy Patron. Mrs. Mable Simp
son was elected Worthy Matron, and
Sir Randolph Smith, Worthy Patron.
This is one of the most progressive
chapters in the City and has a large
number of members and past officers
who are much interested in the work.
The Women's Aid of the Old Peo
ple's Home, met at the home of Mrs.
Hattie Chavis, 3560 Vernon ave., Tues.,
Jan. 26. It was largely attended and
all the officers were re-elected to their
respective stations. This organization
is the main staff of the Home and by
their untiring efforts they do a great
work. Twenty Dollars is donated each
month to assist in maintaining the
Home, and entertainments and dona
tions are contributed by these noble
ladies regularly. They are striving
earnestly to keep the "wolf from the
door" of the worthy decrepit inmates
who reside at the Home. Lend them
Mrs. Elizabeth Jackson, a pioneer
citizen of Chicago and mother to the
famous pianist, Miss Gertrude Jackson,
passed away at 1 p. m., Jan. 27th. She
was a sister to Robert Motts, owner
of the Pekin Theater, and an old and
honored citizen' of our race.
Mrs. Susan McGee is slowly recover
ing after a five weeks' serious illness
of Grip and a severe fall.
NEGEO BANK OPENED AT POETS
Portsmouth, Va. (Special) The Mu
tual Savings Bank, with a capital stock
of $25,000, opened its doors for busi
ness on last Tuesday. B. J. BTyles is
the originator of the banking idea in
The chief bank examiner inspected
the bank in all its details and issued
a certificate permitting them to com
mence business. Its stockholders, more
than two hundred in number, are com
posed of men in all walks of life.
A FAITHFUL SERVANT AT REST.
Mrs. G. C. Jefferson, the second
daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Rob
ert M. Deaver, was born in Baltimore,
Md., March 24, 1870, and departed this
life Jan. IS, 1916, at the age of 45
years and 9 months. She acquired her
education in tho public schools of Bal
timore, Md., and graduated from the
high school in 1890. She taught in the
city public schools two years. She was
a member of the Madison street Pres
byterian church, and in 1891 she was
united in marriage to Rev. C. Lee Jef
ferson, the pastor of the second Pres
byterian church of West Chester, Pa.
Though young, she soon endeared her
self to the hearts of the people, and
became a mighty factor in the suc
cessful work of the pastor, and for
more than a quarter of a century she
was his patient, loving, humble, faith
ful hleper in the Lord's work, though
burdened with a weak body. Yet, she
never faltered in doing more than her
physical strength could bear, to encour
age the family in Christian work.
About three months ago her many
friends began to note a marked fall
ing in her bodily health, and she was
placed under special medical care with
the hope that health would be restored.
Like the fitful shining of the sun
through the clouds in springtime, her
vitality vibrated between hope and
despondency, until on New Year's
night she was attacked by the lagrippe,
and for 15 days she was confined to her
bed, but last Saturday she was able to
move about. Sunday she sat and wel
comed her friends in her parlor, and
on Monday she arose feeling quite free
from all pain and hopeful that all dan
ger past. She moved about the house
in her usual way, helping and encour
aging the family. About nine o'clock
Monday night she found a shortness of
breath growing on her. Every known
means available was used for relief,
but without avail. When at 1:30 p. m.
'the burden was too heavy to carry fur
ther, she said: "I have nothing to
dretfd; I have no fear, I only wish. I
could get some relief." The Blessed
Savior heard the cry of his saint, said:
"Well done, ye good and faithful serv
ant; come, ye blessed of my Father, in
herit the kingdom prepared for you
from the foundation of the world."
"She has anchored her soul in the ha
ven of rest to sail the wide sea no
more; the tempest may sweep over the
wild stormy deep; in Jesus she is safe
She leaves to mourn her loss a hus
band, one daughter and two sons, and
one brother, 'Robt. M. Deaver, Jr., who
resides in Baltimore, Md.
The funeral service was held at the
church on Friday, Rev. G. K. Newell,
presiding, and Rev. Moses H. Jackson
preached the sermon. Suitable resolu
tions were presented from the differ
ent departments of the church. The
floral offerings were elaborate and
beautiful. Interment was Mount Glen-
wood cemetery. "C."
LAST SOLEMN RITES REV. DR. J.
Rev Dr. John B. Reeve, for 43 years
pastor of Lombard Street Central Pres
byterian Church, Lombard street near
Ninth, died early last Monday morn
ing at his home, No. 2223 Catherine
street, Philadelphia, Pa., after an ill
ness of several months. Rev. Dr. Reeve
was S4 years old and his career as
clergyman and college instructor gave
him wide prominence among the Col
ored ministers of the country. He was
born in Mettituck, New York, in 1S31,
and when 22 years of age was educated
by the Central Presbytery of New York
for the ministry. He graduated in 1856
from New York Central College, and
in 1861 from the Union Theological
Se minary. He was installed as pas
tor of the Lombard street church dur
ing the same year, and with the
exception of 10 years with the Howard
University, of Washington, served as
pastor of the local church until 1914,
when he resigned to become pastor
emeritus. He is survived by two
daughters. Rev. Matthew Anderson of
ficiated at the funeral services, which
took place in the church on Thursday
THE GRAND UNITED ORDER OF
ODD-FELLOWS LOST A VERY
PROMINENT TwrntrpTTB in jj.
PERSON OF MR, BEAUROGUABD
JEFFERSON, EAST S2ND ST,
NEAB THE GROVE.
Mr. Beaurognard Jefferson was bur
ied with a respectful attendance of
his brother Odd-Fellows, Wednesday af
ternoon. The 8th Begimont Band, the
Patriarchs and Golden Fleece Lodge
were in attendance.
THE NEGRO FELLOWSHIP
The Negro Fellowship League will
hold its regular Sunday meeting Jan
uary 30, at the Reading Room, 3005
State st., at 4:00 p. m.
Professor Ernest Just, of Howard
University, Washington, D. C, winner
of the Spingarn Medal, has been in
vited to address the League. Members
of all organizations are invited to send
delegates to hear this famous man's
Last Sunday Mr. R. A. Davis of the
University of Chicago, Sociology itu
dent, addressed the League on the need
of social conditions in the race. It was
a splendid address and gave much food
for thought. A number of new mem
bers enrolled their names on the League
IDA B. WELLS BARNETT,
HYDE PARK NEWS.
By L. W. Washington.
Mrs. E. H. Brown, formerly of Hyde
Park, and who now lives in Hammond,
Ind., spent Sunday here, visiting her
The Colored Republicans of Hyde
Park, the 6th Ward, met at 5532 Lake
Park ave., at Mr. Joseph Gunn's Pool
room, electing the following officers:
Mr. Jos. Gunn, pres.; L. B. Trent, vice
pres.; M. Campbell, sec; F. D. Muney,
treas.; John Webb, chairman of the
Young Hannibal Washington, the
youngest son of the writer, is consid
ered one of the best Latin students in
his class at the Hyde Park High
THE SUNDAY AFTERNOON CLUB.
The program for last Sunday was not
rendered on account of Quarterly Meet
ing at the church.
This Sunday address by J. T. Mc
Lemore; solo by Mrs. Lillian Nelson;
meeting in Neighborhood parlor of the
church, upstairs, at 4 o'clock. Every
body welcome. B. W. Fitts, Pres.; Mrs.
Katie Fowler-Bowling, Sec.
NOTES OF THE PEERLESS CLUB.
By C. L. Cotton, Act. Cor. Sec'y.
An interesting meeting of the Peer
less Club was held at the residence of
Mr. A. Ganaway. Much business ac
complished. Addresses and a musical
program were rendered by members of
the Club. A splendid repast was
served. Next meeting and installation
Monday evening, Jan. 31st, at the res
idence of C. Bouchane, 4320 Langley
THE ALPHA SUFFRAGE CLUB.
The Alpha Suffrage Club will hold its
Fifth Annual meeting at the home of
Miss Laura Beasley, 3249 Forest ave.,
Wednesday evening, February 2. All
members are urged to be present at
eight o'clock sharp.
IDA B. WELLS BARNETT,
Miss Ruth Parks, the highly accom
plished daughter of Bishop and Mrs.
Parks, 3316 Calumet Ave., passed away
the first part of this week, after suf
fering for a long time.
J. S. Tandy, 5145 Federal street,
who has many friends far and near is
still on the sick list, but he seems
to be improving somewhat at tho pres
ent time, his good and devoted wife,
Mrs. Towdy desires to state at this
time, that the Odd Fellows to which
order he has been an honored member
for many years and the women com
posing the Household of Ruth and men
and women not of that order have been
ever so kind and willing to extend a
helping hand so fax during his sick
ness, for all of which Mrs. Towdy and
husband feel very grateful.
Mrs. J. C. Anderson, 3362 Calumet
Ave., returned home Thursday evening
from Rockford, Hlinois, where she
spent one week.
Sandy W. Trice, 6438 Eberhart Ave.,
is confined in Provident Hospital where
he underwent a slight operation on
Wednesday, he is getting along nicely
and expects to return to his home the
latter part of this week.