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rsjt - ., THE BBOAD AS, CHICAGO, FEBBUABY 3, 1917. PAGE SHOPS AND PLANTS FAVOR INDUSTRIAL BEHEMENT WORK Actively Aid Welfare Plans of Every Description For Employees. PHILANTHROPY NQT INTENT. Comfort and Contentment of the Workers Considered Paramount. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been expended during the past decade by American manufacturers for those forms of Industrial betterment, In be half of employees, that are generally classed as philanthropic or beyond the mere requirements of laws and con tracts. Decent manufacturers and they are in the vast majority as are the decent people of other classes are opposed to grinding child labor, and they strive to pay a living wage to all of their em ployees. They go much farther than that, as a study of American industry will show. They devote time, money and effort to provide every possible Bnpplementary means for promoting the convenience, the comfort, the health, contentment and happiness of their workers and of the families of employees. Very few manufacturers consider such work or expenditure to be philanthropy, but, rather, a neces sary feature of their business. While their motives may be as altruistic as those of the average of mankind, they find that it is good, from the business point of view, to promote as far as possible the welfare of their employees. Industrial betterment pays. Industrial betterment means an at tempt to provide the best kind of work ing and living conditions, and it im plies the co-operative responsibility of the wage earner and the employer in bringing those conditions about and in improving them from time to time. It Is not a dole to be handed to the wage earner, but is a token of that spirit of mutuality which, under right condi tions, should permeafe industry. A thorough description of industrial betterment activities in the United States would require more space than Is contained In the most voluminous encyclopaedias to be found in the li braries. Indeed, volumes might be written about the welfare work of a 6lngle corporation alone the National' Cash Register Company, for Instance, or the International Harvester Com pany, the United States Steel Corpora tion, Cheney Brothers, the Curtis Pub lishing Company, the Bethlehem Steel Company, the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, the Eastman Ko dak Company, any one of the leading railroad companies, the principal banks, Wanamaker's, or any of a host of other concerns which has developed activities of the sort There is hardly a concern In the country doing business on a fair ly extensive scale that has not initiated some form of industrial betterment for its employees. The honors do not go to the larger companies exclusively either, for many of the smaller business units have developed this side of their ac tivities to a remarkable extent Natu rally it is easier for the larger corpora tions to put highly trained specialists in charge of the various branches of Industrial betterment work. The fundamentals of industrial bet terment are observed in furnishing pleasant, sanitary, safe working condi tions. Educational and entertainment features, facilities for study and recre ation, special opportunities for the ex ercise of thrift and provisions tending to remove the dread of and to mitigate the sufferings occasioned by sickness, disability or invalidity are matters Tvhich next receive attention. Well lighted, well ventilated and otherwise Pleasant and safe working places, res taurants, reading rooms and libraries. rest rooms, emergency kits and hospi tals, club rooms, assembly rooms, gym naslutns, lockers and bathing facilities, recreation grounds, bonus and profit sharing plans, special housing accom modations facilities for the purchase of homes on easy payments, discounts the pimhase of goods, industrial find other educational classes, lectures jr entertainment or instruction, mov lnS pictures, excursions, field days. Medical attendance, safety committees or nccidenr and fire prevention, sWk jkss. disal-.iity and invalidity funds, uMiranco T benefit nssneintions and Pensions are some of the customary matures of u dustrial betterment work. e varii-ty r wi,jCh uas no im ens of t! oil-amis of lives are saved -"joara-i.l hundreds of thousands of "eracmv, js ""wish II Palm are prevented annually accident prevention enm- li'll It'iturii ,-f i.wlticfff nl lintfrtr- mem TfceKaMe Jftr re.!,. Pants u ,., Sha,.,, ""nib, .1,. mi Kodak Company In five 1 the accidents in its T."i per cent per annum -ie.-slve safety campaign. M ania Railroad In ten of ,.., ' l(l u'e serious injuries V"" ! t. , - - "'i' employees over uj per , i lp l,,s,aIIHn of safety de the w i ll ,lle constnut instruction of As a 0rn hi exercising due caution. tiiteds1111 f Us safety campaign the tfous ,:l,N StoelCorIoratIon reduced PW , fa,al accidents in its various j?ar VL4(i I,pr cent since 1906. Each fporatt f ,ho nien employed by the nrS oscaPc who would have been nnder the previous conditions GET TOGETHER FOR" """ PERMANENT PROSPERITY. Every man and woman engaged In American factories, mm? and mines, whether they know English or speak it, are naturalized or Intend to be come citizens, have a direct Interest In maintaining Industrial prosperity. When times are good, all workers should not only bo thrifty In habit and lay up a little something for possible rainy days, but they should do all they can to keep the good times with us. Simply because your language Is dif ferent from that of the foreman, over seer, superintendent, manager or owner of the plant In which you earn a living, Is no excuse for misunderstanding your own common interest In prosperity by hating your partner in your own In dustry or listening to and following the gospel of dissension and violence which selfish agitators so often preach. .uo not blindly follow the man who tells you how hard your lot Is. Often he Is doing so untruthfully and for the purpose of getting you to contribute membership money for his own support In idleness. Agitators get rich by prey ing on the men In American Industry, whom they urge into unlawful or harm ful acts by misrepresenting conditions or holding out foolish and false prom ises or better things If they follow their orders. Tou know conditions yourself, and you know or ought to know that the man or men whom the agitator who pictures your employer as on inhuman driving machine is actual; ly a partner with you, interested in having the plant or Industry successful. The more successful your plant or industry becomes, the more room for you to grow with It there will be. It should be your feeling, then, that you will not do as little as you may find it convenient to do, but to do just as much as you possibly can do, and then reasonably expect to share in the re wards that always come to the efficient worker. Do not be a clock watcher in the fac tory. Those who wait for hours to strike or whistles to blow and "soldier" at the bench, machine or in the office, never get ahead in the ranks of In dustry. They never get any more pay because they are not worth any more, and often are worth less than they get Remember the old adage that a man who never does any more or as much as he gets paid for, never gets paid for any more than he does. Industrial Conservation, N. Y. PUTTING BUSINESS RIGHT WITH THE PUBLIC. A few years ago some big Industrial organizations and certain railroads em ployed business tactics which, accord ing to the popular idea, would mako the financial adventures of PIzarro, Morgan or Captain Kldd look as ama teurish as the verbal exploits of Bobby Make-Believe. All are more or less acquainted with the details. We will concede that there were some glaring abuses, but the pub lic when it came to apply a remedy ig nored the fact that these were peculiar to comparatively few Institutions and Instead of tackling the trouble where it lay furiously assailed everything classifiable as business the trust mag nate, the independent manufacturer ready and anxious to obey the law, the small retailer, a law abiding and use ful citizen the innocent and the guilty suffering alike. Seemingly the law was invoked not to regulate, but to perse cute. There could be but one result Busi ness was demoralized, and the whole country has felt the evil effects. Now the public is beginning to realize its error and In a rather grudging way Is making some concessions. Business is being permitted to speak for itself, and a movement has been in stltuted by the leading business men of the country under the title of tb.3 National Industrial Conservation Move ment for the purpose of repairing the damage that has been done. Nothing revolutionary is contemplated. The plan is simply to educate the public by taking it into the business man's confi dence. Meetings will be held in vari ous trade and industrial centers. All classes of citizens will be invited. The purpose of these meetings is to give the public a new and correct viewpoint as to the effects of drastic legislation and restriction of business on the prosper ity of the country. Every effort will be made to give the public a clear view of the problems and difficulties which beset business. Special favors are not sought through these meetings, only fair play. It is believed that once the citizen grasps the situation his whole attitude toward business will change and that he will readily co-operate toward bringing about better conditions. Commercial and other civic organiza tions and the local press are already showing great interest in this move ment and it Is reasonable to believe that much good will come from it Industrial Conservation, N. F. (Jommon Capitalists. Every man or woman who possesses a dollar or owns a set of tools is a capitalist People generally make the mistake of thinking that the only form of capital In existeuce is the national currency the dollar, franc, ruble, mark, lire or pound sterling. Yet every body knows that many a successful business man's only original capital was brains, knowledge, ability, deter mination or Ingenuity. It would be well for more people to recognize this truism before abetting, either by ac tion or attitude, ceaseless efforts On the part of some political or other self seekers, to hobble business men and in dustrial development Such is the spirit of Industrial patriotism which Is need ed In America. Industrial Conserva tion, New York. f lillBnHf 111 By American VIMlfllHHHMni IliiSiilllilliK INDUSTRIES Jfflllill 1H11I 11 Hk 1! Hill mISj "8 SJ bwKu,c. "rUNITED WE STAND." I OVERTAXING INDUSTRY. THE COMPLETE LETTER WRITER. The following suggestion for "The Com plete Business Letter Writer for 1916," by A. Parker Ncvin, is going the rounds of the press. Model No. 1 Quoting Price for Goods. Smith Manufacturing Company, Rochester, New York. Gentlemen : Referring to your letter (see Postal Regulation, p. 126, pp 44) of the 2Sth, we (a corporation organized under the laws of Ohio, certificate filed in the office of the Secretary of New York Taxes are not alone the burden of the rich. They inevitably descend along the scale and are generally shared In some proporti. by all. When exces sive burdens of taxation emphasize the competitive disadvantages of any com munity for any branch or clasB of busi ness that community will invariably suffer a decrease in the Industrial de- I velopment and prosperity of all within its boundaries. In many sections of the country re ports show that industry is often sub jected to continuous and unreasonable burdens of taxes in one form or an other. This condition is due In part at Kfofa r7ttYT7 Vilr Knrv o HrrtarL Trt that we can quote the price of ?20 (see jIe.asHfir a mistaken public attitude to United States Revised Statutes, Laws Industrial operations or a preju of 1914, sec. IS) per ton, carload lots dlc- lSrant or Indifferent opinion f intent Pnmmpmo Rniinp v,a, , on the part of public officers and polltl- , W VVV. WV ...... 0 TV. , see also dicta in 12S U. S., 264; Brown vs. Pennsylvania R. R. Co., 16S Pa., clans. The history of Industrial com munities where such burdens are im- 267). This quotation Is special to you VK ". " " e. (see ruling of Department of justice ' ether such a policy pays anybody. xwo manuxaccurers in similar lines (see ruling of Department In the matter of Broicn Milling Co.) and Is made subject to our right to claim immunity (see N. Y. Penal Code, pp 48). If you receive a better quota tion from any other of our competitors you will, of course, advise us under the authority of U. S. Revised Statutes, pp 2247, sub. 2. We shall be glad to fill your order (subject to rule laid down in leading case of Jackson vs. Cobb, 126 U. S. 2.12) and will ship ac of business, one operating a plant In Massachusetts and the other located in Connecticut were recently comparing notes. They discovered that for every $100 In taxes which the Connecticut plant pays per annum the Massachu setts plant was paying $1,000, or ten times as much. The answer to this sit uation Is that Massachusetts has been falling behind in the percentage of growth as an Industrial state compared company's money spent in Improve ments has been spent to make Fore River a better place to work. There are still many departments needing new buildings, new washrooms, new locker rooms, and many other improve ments to make this yard the kind of a yard xoxx and we both want it to be. "We expect to pay a fair tax, but will not pay an exorbitant one. This matter Is of Interest to you. Think it over. "(Signed) J. W. Poweix, "President." A Texas legislator recently offered for enactment a bill designed to pre vent head-on collisions between rail road trains In his State. The main part of the text said: "When two trains, coming from opposite dlrec. tions, approach a crossing, both shall stop, and neither shall cross until the other has passed." CONSERVATION TRUTHS. siri inrv ri r.t4-f r tjtiln I or XT v i. V i, tt.iiL t ' wIth some of her neighboring commu- oi, new iuih i uuuu uuiiiij- vuLumia- slon). Very truly yours. J. P. Jones. President, Jones Manufacturing Co. State of Ohio, County of Fairfield, S3: J. P. Jonea, being duly sworn, deposes and says: That he has submitted the fore going letter to his counsel and has been advised that It Is legal. That deponent is not a director of any bank, trust company or transportation company. That the Jones Manufacturing Company has nev er had its charter forfeited, nor has de ponent ever been indicted by either State or Federal Grand Jury. P. P WHITE, Notary Public ODDS AND ENDS. nltles where Industry is not so often aimed at by burdensome, unnecessary and unreasonable laws. The following open letter by J. W. Powell, president of the Fore River (Mass.) Shipbuilding Corporation, ad dressed to the employees of that com pany In a recent Issue of their "family magazine," The Fore River Log, pre sents in a fair way the average busi ness man's view on excessive taxation of industrial plants: "What Is good for Fore River Is good for Quincy, and what is good for Quin cy Is good for Fore River. "The officers and employees of this company and their families make up more than a quarter of the population of the city. Then? Interests are the same as the Interest of Quincy and of the Fore River Shipbuilding Corpora tion. "This company's business is building ships, which brings us into competi tion with companies building ships In other States. Anything that Fore River must do in this community that other shipbuilding companies do not have to do in their cities will, in the long run. hurt us. "Today there are more ships to be built than there are yards to build them. When the war is over there will be more shipyards than there are ships to build. Then the yard that builds the cheapest will take the con tracts, and the yard whose costs are highest will discharge its men. "The other big shipyards do not pay big taxes. Some of them pay no taxes at all. If you own a house and rent II you add your taxes into the rent If you rent a house you pay the taxes when you pay your rent so the com pany must add Its taxes when It sells a ship. "Such an assessment and such taxes as have been levied against this company this year in Quincy, which is as much as the combined cost of its new hos- any more pay because they are pital and club, hurt it and will hurt worth more and often are worth you. It is not fair to Increase this com pany's assessment 90 per cent and to Increase its taxes nearly 50 per cent this year as against a year ago. "You know that a great part of the The lives of practically all men famous In the business world as shown in the history of Industry during the past twenty-five years will prove to you the practical value of the "stick to it" prin ciple of life. Armour stuck to beef, Harriman and mil to railroads, Edison to electricity, Carnegie and Schwab to steel, Rockefeller to oil, Morgan to finance, and so on without end. All these captains of industry and thou sands of others that might be men tioned had the faculty of "sticking" to a jtfj until they made good. "The time has come." said James W. Wadsworth. Jr.. United States Senator elect from New York, recently, "when business men should give heed to what Is going on in the legislative bodies of the country. I see in the future except this heed Is given a development which will prevent the individual from carry ing on his business, honest though he mny be. with his own initiative and enterprise." Do not -1)0 a clock watcher In the ranks of industry. Those who wait for hours to strike or whistles to blow and "soldier" at the bench, machine or In the office seldom or never got very far ahead In the ranks. They never get not less than they get Remember the old adage that a man who never does any more or as much as be gets paid for never gets very much pay The man at the bench is the co worker of the man In the office. Let them get together for the common good. Stick to your job. The man who jumps from one job to another never learns enough about any particular class of work to become valuable in it Every business has three partners. Capital the employer. Labor the em ployee. The public the consumer. -No Industry can thrive If co-operation among the three Is lacking. No busi ness can succeed that has a dishonest or indifferent partner. Each partner owes a duty to the others. Get to gether. This town is your home. Help to make it a better home by co-operating with its merchants and business men. Treat your Industries fairly, and they must be fair to you. Consumers should realize that when unfair legislation makes business dance they all have to pay the fiddler. "When you attack men who maintain payrolls you hit the wage earner, kick his wife and cuff his children." Elbert Hubbard. MERICA FOR AMERICANS! Manufacturing 13 the backbone of tho nation Tjjvery man In industry helps pros perity Teturns in wages and profits are mu- ' tual Tnterdependenco is necessary in all in dustry Qapitallsts include every man who has a dollar or moro A dd your belief In the future of our nation's wealth "Matlonal strength Is Industrial strength Tndustry supports 100,000.000 persons x In the U. S. "V"othIng opprcssivo to Industry should be tolerated by agitators or by "Tjon't bo fooled alarmists TJnito to make Industry YOUR causo Otand firm in your belief In the rights 0 of industry rpreat every man you work with as a -1" friend "Remember tho Interests of employer and employee are the same "Y"our allegiance: 1st To America; 2nd, To Your Home; 3rd, To Your Business. OUR BUSINESS MEN ASK FOR PUBLIC GO-OPERATION Leaders Point Out Partnership Between Gapital and Labor. SAY INTERESTS ARE MUTUAL Our Future Prosperity Depends on a Better Understanding and More Prac tical Application of Get-Together Spirit In Industry Must Eliminate Trouble-Breeders and Agitators. A better public understanding and appreciation of the needs and problems of our American industries Is conceded on every side to be one of the impor tant national requirements for the de velopment of our future industrial prosperity. Few people seem to un derstand that the majority of our busi ness men are fair minded, reasonable beings, legitimately engaged in the de velopment of our economic resources. In the opinion of our business lead ers this misunderstanding leads the public, through the legislators, into thoughtless and unnecessary acts of reprisal against all branches of indus try, which are often inimical to the best Interests of their own community. To cure this lamentable condition it is first essential that a closer degree of co-operative action for the common good be established between em ployees and employers. The first step in this direction Is to eliminate the selfish, destructive agitator. This hap py event would greatly facilitate a general get together spirit among em ployers and workers. The Work That Men Do. The nation is confronted with more work than ever before ships to build, factories to enlarge, railways to com plete, new foreign business to be at tracted and help to be extended to the unfortunates on the other side. There are about 30,000.000 men at work;lf they work ten hours a day that is 300,000. 000 hours a day or 96,000,000,000 hours a year. If they work eight hours it Is 74,8S0,000,000, or a difference of 18. 720,000,000 hours a year. At eight hours a day this jneans that about 7,400.000 more men must be employed to do the work that could be done by the 30,000,000. and where are they to come from? During the past year there has been a unified and standardized banking cur rency system tried and not found wanting. But there are yet other steps to be taken before the ideal of eco nomic unit is worked out There are 662,000 stockholders of railroads in the United States. A large proportion of them depend on the earn ings of the carriers for a meager in come. Many of these stockholders have less than $1,000 a year income, and they are unable to earn more, be ing elderly persons or women. Thou sands of them are former employees of the railroads who depend upon their stock dividends to pay their rent and their grocery bills. Labor and Capital Are Partners. The manufactured output of the United States amounts to $2S,000,000, 000 In value per annum. This Is three times the amount of the yearly output of the ranches, farms, orchards and gardens; It Is a dozen times the output of the mines; it is larger than the com bined manufactures of any two for eign nations. Labor received, as its share of the fruits of industry, wages amounting almost to seven billion dol lars in the single year of 1914. Does not this prove that the interests of employees are joint with those who employ them and that a real partner ship exists? Today there are over 100,000,000 peo ple in the land who must be fed, clothed, sheltered, kept warm and many of whom travel for health, pleas ure and business. The railway systems are in many places overtaxed in doing this work. What will be tho conditions when there are 150.000.000 people to be served? This means nn addition of at least SO per cent to the number of tons of freight moved one mile and the num ber of passengers moved one mile. There was a total mileage of 41.9S8 In the hands of receivers in 1915, the total capitalization of which was $2. 264.000.000. In that year alone 20,143 miles of road went Into the hands of re ceivers, and these roads had a total cap italization of ?1,070.S0S,62S. This com pares with 4.222 miles In 1914 with a total capitalization of $199,571,446. In receivers' hands. This is not a healthy condition; it is a malady that affects directly and indirectly every ouo In the country. Railways do not belong to a few rich men or bankers. There are at least 1,500.000 owners of the securities of American railways. There are 1.S00. 000 men approximately employed In the railway service. The Insurance companies have 51. 500.000.000 invested in railway securities representing 30. 000.000 policy holders; savings banks have SSOO.000.000 Invested In which banks there aro 11.000,000 depositors. From 1909 to 1913 the States enact ed 60.001 ami congress enacted 2.013 new laws which involved the consid eration of more than one-half million legislative propositions, or an annual production of over 12,000 new laws to be assimilated by tho business world. 1M.'.. - rt-: M.j.aiift,Vjy l2i .,