-i i 7
THE BBOAD AX, CHICAGO,,, FEff BUABY 3, 1917,
"If They Could Keep If Up.
There have been big men In Wan
street who did all the work them
selves, who attended to every minute
item, "who were from Missouri In re
gard' to each point In any proposition
put up to them. One of these marvels
Tvas among the very greatest flnan--i.,
thr country ever had. But he
didn't last long, and there have 'been
few others like him. If a man with
the first order of brains and ability
could only keep It up there Is nothing
to prevent his owning the United
States. If E. H. Harriman could have
kept on fifteen or twenty years longer
at the pace he was. going he would
have gobbled up all that was worth,
taking. He had about all the rail
roadsin sight, and he was just getting
a strangle hold on the big banks. He
conquered every square foot of terri
tory as he went along. There was no
force on earth to stop him except pre
mature death, and now he Is almost
forgotten A. W. Atwood In Saturday
Most Buoyant Wood.
The lightest wood known, so far as
any evidence attainable Is concerned.
Is balsa wood, which grows extensive
ly in the Central American and north
ern South American states. It Is com
posed of very thin walled cells, which
are barrel shaped, Interlace with each
other and are almost devoid of woody
fiber. These cells are filled with air.
making a natural structure well adapt
ed to prevent the transmission of heat
because of the particles of air Impris
oned in the material without intercon
necting fibers. Various tests of the In
sulating properties for resisting the
flow of heat have been made. Balsa
wood has been used quite extensively
in the past as a buoyancy product for
life preservers and In connection with
the fenders of lifeboats and rafts. Its
life is short, under ordinary conditions,
unless treated with antiseptic or pre
Ariake Bay's Mystio Fire.
Shiranubi, the mystic fire of Ariake
bay, Kyushu, has been famous for the
past 2,000 years, the sight being con
sidered one of the great wonders of the
In a recent issue of the Talyo Maga
zine M. Kaneko, a teacher In the Shi
mabara middle school, relates his Im
pressions of the fire. According to Mr.
Kaneko, when he witnessed the spec
tacle the first light appeared, like a star
about five miles distant. Suddenly the
volume of light increased until It soon
covered an area of many miles. The
light moved with the waves and re
sembled electric lights being lighted
and then suddenly extinguished. Mr.
Kaneko says that Intermittent wave
like movements are the chief charac
teristics of the mystic fire. He falls
to find a cause for the origin of the fire.
In parts of Switzerland the baker's
wife carries round the bread In a sort
of hamper, and she has not a fixed, Im
mutable charge, but chaffers for a price
with the customers. The old English
word for this process was "cheaping,"
which in many places In England has
been corrupted Into chipping. Chipping
Norton, for Instance, Is really Cheap
ing Norton, or the" place where goods
were cheapened that Is, sold by chaf
fer. London Standard.
The custom of legislative "pairing"
Is the practice of members of legisla
tive bodies by which two members of
opposing parties agree to refrain from
voting on a prescribed subject or to be
absent during a certain time. It was
first used In the United States house of
representatives In 1839.
Helping Old Rubber.
Kubber that has lost its elasticity
may be rejuvenated by Immersing It
for five minutes In a bath of glycerin
mixed with twenty-five times its vol
ume of distilled water and heated to
70 degrees C. and then drying It with
A Fluent Talker.
Whangs Is your wife a good con
versationalist? Bangs She would be
but for one thing she talks so fluently
that she Interrupts herself.
The shoes worn by Alpine mountain
eers have steel soles with eight project
PRACTICAL HEALTH HINT.
Sense In the 8ickroom.
Every one who goes Into a sick
$ person's room should be bright
and cheerful. Sick people are ex
's tromely sensitive to the manner
of those around them, and any
depressing Influence has a most
injurious effect. Hope is the best
medicine. Unfortunately the sick
person's relatives often take the
worst view of the case, and their
$ anxiety Is unmistakably manl-
fested by their looks, voice and
peneral manner. They even talk
despairingly In the room, thlnk-
Ing that because the patient Is
quiet and dull he does not un-
derstand. But his perception of
everything relating to his illness
Is markedly acute. Note the good
effects of the visit of a cheery
doctor. For hours after the pa-
tient seems better and is better.
Of course It does not do to be
flippant, but If relatives would
force themselves to take a hope
ful view and show It In their
manner they would In many
cases actually save the sick per
What It Would. Be.
A -teacher was endeavoring to ex
plain the term "facsimile" to his class.
"Now," he remarked to one sharp
youth, "what Is your father's trade or
"He's a lithographer," was the reply.
"Very welL Supposing a man came
to your father with a document which
he wanted reproducing In every partic
ular, your father agreed and the docu
ment was faithfully copied, what
would it be?'
"Well," replied the boy thoughtfully,
"On what?' asked the teacher.
"On the document"
"Well, If it was a ten dollar bill, for
Instance, the other would be a counter
felt If the document was a check the
copy would be a forgery."
"You don't understand what I mean."
"Oh, yes, I'm quite sure I do," went
on the boy. 'Tin Just coming to it
now. In either case I reckon it would
be about ten years."
John Smith and Pocahontas.
About a mile below Richmond, In
what Is now the brickyard region,
there used to stand the residence of
the Mayo family, a place known as
Powhatan. This place has long been
pointed out as the scene of the saving
of Smith by the Indian girl, but late
research has proved that, though
Smith did come up the James to the
present site of Richmond, his capture
by the Indians did not occur here, but
in the vicinity of Jamestown. The
Indians took him first to one of their
villages on York river, near the pres
ent site of West Point Va., and thence
to a place on the same stream in the
county of Gloucester, where the pow
hatan, or tribal chief, resided. Here,
on the west side of the river, some nine
miles from Williamsburg, the scene of
Smith's rescue by Pocahontas has been
located. Julian Street in Collier's.
By the year 1670 wooden chimneys
and log houses of the Plymouth and
Bay colonies were replaced by more
sightly houses of two stories, which
were frequently built with the second
story jutting out a foot or two over
the first and sometimes with the at
tic story still further extending over
the second story.- This "overhang" is
popularly supposed to have been built
for the purpose of affording a con
venient shooting place from which to
repel the Indians. This Is, however,
a historic fable. The overhanging sec
ond story was a common form of
building in England In the time of
Queen Elizabeth, and the Massachu
setts and Rhode Island settlers sim
ply and naturally copied their old
Canvasback and redhead ducks,
which are very quick-of movement
after deep diving are capable of tak
ing flight immediately upon coming to
the surface of the water. They do not
spring directly upward into the air,
but fly at first at an angle until they
reach the desired elevation. Surface
feeding wild fowl, like the black duck,
pintail and teal, fly directly upward
from the surface of the water if the
emergency demands It
"The sheriff caught his young as
sistant writing love letters In business
"What did the young fellow say
when he was taxed with doing so?"
"Said he was not shirking his duty,
as they were all writs of attachment"
People of Sardinia.
Sardinians retain traces of the many
races which have occupied the island
through the centuries Phoenicians,
Carthaginians, Romans, Saracens, Ital
ians and Spaniards. Many dialects are
spoken, but Italian Is now taught In
the schools. Exchange.
"When the Boston girl wishes her pet
dog to stand on his hind legs," remark:
ed the observer of events and things,
"she requests him to assume a ram
pant attitude." Yonkers Statesman.
Surnames were introduced Into Eng
land by the Normans and were adopt
ed by the nobility In 1100.
PRACTICAL HEALTH HINT.
Headache and Sick Stomach.
This condition results from im- ?
b perfect digestion. Whether it has &
S been caused by eating too much
food, which has disturbed dlges-
tion, the treatment remains the
same, and this is to empty the
stomach. Drinking one tumbler-
f ul of water after another as rap-
idly as possible until six or eight
glasses are taken is the quick-
est way of washing offending 8
substances out of the stomach.
If this is done in ten ndnutes one
f will have relief from the sick
v feeling and headache and be
ready to go to sleep or to go
about again in comfort This
method of treating a sick head-
ache is also food for attacks of
acute indigestion. Half an hour
after the stomach has become
comfortable It Is well to take a
seldlita powder or a dose of ci-
trato of magnesia. Either of
these remedies will bring up the
gas, sweeten the stomach and
give one a clean, pleasant taste"
ha the mouth.
When Pattens Were Worn.
Americans find It more difficult than
the English to understand what Dick
ens means when he says in "David
Copperfield," "Women went clicking
along the pavements in pattens." Pafe
tens were an abbreviated form of stilts.
The word Is .also used by builders as
the name, of the base of a column or
pillar, and so architecturally the pat
ten is the support used by a woman to
keep her out of the water and mud.
From this architectural use has come
the secondary application 61 the word,
meaning an arrangement attachedto
the shoe so that the walker is raised
three or four Inches above the solid
earth, says Popular Science Monthly.
If the mud and water did not exceed
that depth the shoes were thus kept
It appears that pattens were not
worn solely by the rich, but were lux
uries indulged in "by the very poor.
In speaking of a person who was not
especially speedy Ben Jonson uses the
comparison, "You make no more haste
than a beggar upon pattens."
Wrecked by a Knife Blade.
A ship was once wrecked on th&
Irish coast The captain was a care
ful one. Nor had the weather been of
so severe a kind as to explain the wide
distance which the vessel had swerved
from her proper course. The ship went
down, but so much interest attached
to the disaster that a diving bell was
sunk. Among other portions of the
vessel that were examined was the
compass that was swung on the deck,
and inside the compass box was de
tected a bit of steel, which appeared
to be the small point of a pocketknife
blade. It was learned that the day be
fore the wreck a sailor who had been
set cleaning the compass had used his
pocketknife In the process and had
unceremoniously broken off the point
and left it remaining in the box. That
bit of knife blade exerted Its Influence
on the compass and to a degree that
deflected the needle from its proper
bent and vitiated It as an Index of the
ship's direction. That bit of knife
blade wrecked the vessel.
Coming In Out of the Wet.
There Is an amusing story by Athe
naeus which suggests the possible ori
gin of the phrase "He does not know
enough to come in out of the wet" Ac
cording to the entertaining grammarian
referred to, a town in Greece under
stress of evil circumstances borrowed
money from a rich man, who took as
security for the loan a mortgage on the
handsome portico which surrounded
the market place. He was not an un
generous creditor, for when It rained
he caused the town criers to announce
that the citizens had permission to
take refuge under the colonnade.
Strangers visiting the town who fail
ed to have the matter properly explain
ed to them were so Impressed by the
extraordinary circumstances that they
spread abroad the report that the peo
ple were so stupid that they had to be
told when to come in out of the wet
William Gibbons of London is said
to have been the first man to have bis
life insured. On June 18, 1853, he
signed a contract with eight men by
the terms of which he was to have his
life Insured for 283 for one year for 8
per cent of this amount In 1859
a resident of a Connecticut city was
traveling In England and became in
terested in the workings of accident
insurance for travelers. So he came
home and promoted the first accident
Insurance company In this country.
His first client was a resident of Hart
ford, whom he insured for $5,000
against injury in his stroll from the
postofflce to his home. Marine insur
ance goes back to the early part of the
fourteenth century and comes from
Curious Death Custom In Fiji.
The Fijlans believe that In case a
marriageable youth or maiden dies
without having gone through with the
elaborate nuptial knot tying ceremony
of the islands his or her soul Is doom
ed to wander about forever In an in
termediate region between heaven and
When any one dies man, woman or
child a whale's tooth Is placed in the
hand of the corpse, the missile to be
thrown at the tree which stands as a
guidepost to point out the road that
leads to heaven and the one that leads
to hell. London Mail.
It WaeGoing Too.
Bill Where are you off to?
Jill I'm going downtown to the
"To have my watch fixed."
"Isn't your watch going?"
"Sure! I'm taking It along with
me." St Louis Post-Dispatch.
Preparing For Patches.
When making kitchen aprons leave
the strings longer and wider than Is
necessary, then when a patch Is needed
cut off a piece of the apron string for
this purpose. This Is better than using
a new piece, as the string has faded
with the apron. Mothers' Magazine.
A Bit Heavy.
Barbour You seem warm. Have
you been exercising? Waterman Yes,
Indeed. I went to the mutes' dance
and swung dumb belles around all
evening. Michigan Gargoyle.
Just What He Meant
Editor What do you mean by writ
ing such a phrase as "The house burnt
up?" We always say houses bum
down. Reporter Yes, but this erne
caught fire in the cellar.
. Better te be despised for too
appraheawioTT than raised by teo
ident security. Burke.
"GOLDErf CALF" HAS COST
$10,000 IN LITIGATION.
Rival Claimants to Animal Engage In
Bitter Legal Warfare.
Denver. A "golden calf" will be on
exhibition at the western national live
stock show in this city. It is a per
fect specimen of the Hereford breed.
The calf has a reasonable market
value of about $25 at present but It al
ready has cost more than $10,000 in
litigation, and the end Is not yet In
sight The calf has come to be known
as the "golden calf throughout Pitkin
And Garfield counties, where the rival
claimants to the animal live.
Born In the spring of 1014, the ques
tion of the calf's motherhood arose.
Nobody attempted to guess the Identity
of the Immediate paternal ancestor.
The docketed case known as Brunton
versus Stapleton has puzzled four ju
ries without a solution of the mystery.
Brunton claims the calf is the daugh
ter of one of his prize Herefords, while
Stapleton claims the calf is just a
scrub, the daughter of a bobtalled red
cow that he raised on his ranch.
In November, 1914, Brunton went to
Stapleton's ranch and took away three
calves that were with one of his cows.
One of the calves was the "golden
calf." The next day Stapleton went to
Brunton's ranch and took the "golden
calf back again. Demand for its re
turn was refused, and then Brunton
started the replevin suit Both claim
ants say they will take the case to the
HERO'S MEMORY HONORED
Scrolls Sent by Three of Late
Yuan Shin Kai's Sons to
Shanghai. Scrolls sent by three of
the late Yuan Sbih Kai's sons to com
memorate the patriotism of General
Tsai Ao were the most unusual feature
of the funeral'services for the revolu
tionary leader conducted here on the
arrival of his body from Japan.
General Tsai Ao was the chief mover
in the Yunnan revolution, which de
feated Yuan Shih Kai's ambition to
become emperor. Yuan Ko Ting, the
oldest son of Yuan Shih KaL was es
pecially ambitious for his father to be
come emperor that he might succeed to
the throne. But practically all the
younger sons were opposed to the mo
narchical movement The scroll sent
to Shanghai by Yuan Ko Wen, the sec
ond son of Yuan Shih Kal, commends
the lamented General Tsai Ao In the
highest terms. It says:
You were a model of the people.
You were the model of the army.
You were the soul of the republic
You were the spirit of liberty.
The American navy took a prominent
part in the Tsai Ao funeral services.
The Brooklyn and the other American
warships In Shanghai harbor had their
flags at half staff as the Chinese war
ship bearing the body came into port
and a detachment of fifty American
marines marched In the funeral proces
sion. Thirty Japanese, mostly personal
friends and admirers of the patriot
also were in the procession.
The Chinese community in Shanghai
was In mourning, and thousands of
young Chinese, mostly students at
schools and colleges, were in the pro
cession. The body of General Tsai Ao
was taken to his native province of
Hunan for burial.
COURT EQUIPS CUPID'S BOWER
Chicago Judge Battles Divorce by Fit
ting Up a Room For Spooning.
Chicago. Husbands and wives who
allow their troubles to reach the court
of domestic relations will be given an
opportunity to "make up" in a little
room attached to the court which Is
being fitted up for that purpose by
Judge John Stelk. The judge has not
given the room a name yet, but he said
it will be fitted up in a way aimed to
aid the disgruntled in renewing their
love for one another. Plants, flowers,
canary birds, a music box and soft
draperies will contribute to the fur
nishings. "The purpose of the fittings will be to
bring out the old affection that the
couple held for each other when they
were courting," said the Judge. "It is
my purpose to get them to spoon all
over again and then go home and live
as they ought to."
Deer Gores Cattle.
Estey, W. Va. A large deer appeared
in a pasture near here in which there
were a large number of cows owned
by W. L. Huffman and defeated the
cattle in a pitched battle, goring sev
eral of them to such an extent that
they later died. The deer was cap
tured and killed by a posse.
RESULTS IN DEATH
Chicago. The body of Mrs.
Charles B. Young was found
hanging in her home In River
side, a Chicago suburb. A ver
dict "of accidental death was re
turned when relatives asserted
that health exercises, Including
hanging by the shoulders, had
been prescribed and that while
following her physician's instruct
tions she evidently had faints
Dr. W. A. Driver
3300 So. State Street
Phone Douglas 3617
Many ills are simply indigestion. The
signs of indigestion are of wide distri
bution; they are often deceiving he
cause of their peculiar remote mani
festations. A choking sensation is often the only
sign of indigestion; it may be so se
vere as to cause instant death. An
other sign of indigestion is distressful
dreams, called nightmares.
Many cases of so-called heart disease
is only a form of indigestion dis
equilibrium. Such a sign of indigestion
often causes instant death.
Difficult breathing, called asthma, is
often indigestion. The fact that in
stant evidence does not make its ap
pearance deludes many. The accumu
lative evidence of indigestion comes
only after a long time.
The cause of indigestion is without
a doubt the abuse of the digestive sys
tem by the introduction of improper
foods. Headaches, constipation, rheu
matism, colds, coughs, pneumonia and
Mrs. M. L. Clinkscale, 5652 S. State
street, will leave the latter part of this
month on a pleasant vacation trip to
New York City where she will spend
one month in visiting with relatives
and friends; after that she will spend
a few weeks in Philadelphia, Pa., and
Washington, D. C. '
Mrs. James H. Johnson, 3650 Prairie
avenue, yesterday afternoon gave a
dolightful reception in the parlors of
the Appomattox Club in honor of the
wives of many of its members and
other lady friends. Those who will
assist her in arranging for the ball
which will be given at the Eighth Begi
ment Armory in the near future, for
the benefit of the Phyllis Wheatly
FIVE BOOM COTTAGE FOB SALE
AT A BIG BABGAIN.
Five room cottage on the South Side,
toilet and gas, lot 25x125, east front,
one block from street car line, for sale
for $1,650. Phone, Douglas 7047.
Alike, Yet Very Different.
On Seventh avenue the other evening
I saw a small red headed fool of a boy
throwing cans. "An excitement crav
ing, empty headed kid." I said to my
self, driving by. On the next block I
saw a girl with red curls, dressed In
furs, rather dashing, who gave me a
little provocative smile as 1 passed.
Did I say to myself that she was an
excitement craving, empty headed kid?
She was, but I didn't On the con
trary, for the moment at least, I felt
quite drawn toward her. Yet she and
that boy might easily have been broth
er and sister and twin rowdies at
heart Why did one of the two so at
tract me and the other repel?
The strange lure of sex. It was
ready to blind me to the mental de
fects of that girl.' It was ready to fix
my thoughts on her cheeks or her hair
if I'd sat with her. Now, isn't that
odd? I should never have given a
snap for her kid brother's hair or
cheeks naturally. I'd have looked him
well over and seen at a glance he
hadn't much character and maybe less
brains, but could I have seen what she
lacked once ld felt her attraction?
Clarence Day. Jr.. in Metropolitan
Wonders of Color.
A 6mall and simple experiment can
be made by any reader which will go
far to convince him or her what a good
thing it is we have sunlight which en
ables our eyes to take advantage of the
beautiful hues of nature. Make a room
quite dark and then burn some car
bonate of soda in the flame of a bun
sen gas burner. It will burn with an
orange yellow light sufficiently strong
to illuminate everything iu the room,
but you wilt realize with a sudden
shock that bright though the light Is.
all distinctions of color have vanished.
Only light and shade remain. A crim
son carnation, a blue violet a. red ta
blecloth, a yellow blind all look gray
or black or white. The faces of those
present look positively repulsive, for
all natural color has disappeared. No
other experiment win so well convince
those who have witnessed It how great
a loss would be that of our sense for
It is unfortunate that It is so, but it
is so, that the paths for going wrong
are planted so prettily wits flowers at
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other disorders are merely disorders of
metabolism which are primarily indi
gestion. The connection between indigestion
and the terminal manifestations is
often difficult to trace, sometimes be
cause of one factor or a number of fac
tors. It is best to try to trace each
illness back to its physical or meta
physical origin so as to be able to elim
inate the cause. Unless the cause is re
moved the disease will eventually re
turn with different deceiving manifes
tations and eventuate in physical and
possibly metaphysical death.
Improper ventilation interferes with
the general welfare of the body and
hence contributes to indigestion and
other ills as well. Sleep with the win
dow up from the bottom as well as
down from the top and indigestion has
Touch not, taste not, handle not the
unclean thing, and digestive disturb
ances as well as the different, remote
and deceptive named diseases will dis
appear as if by magic.
Artist and Counterfeiter.
There used to be an old German
counterfeiter in this country who was
a veritable wonder with the brush and
pen. This man literally painted pic
tures of twenty dollar notes which
were works of art. He used uo tools
except his pens and brushes, and it
took him a week to do the portrait of a
banknote. He figured that his handi
cap was worth ubout $3 a day and
worked under the idea that the world
owed him a fair living and should not
object if his talent led him toward
portrait painting, with twenty dollar
bills for models. Even jail terms fail
ed to Impress him seriously with his
wrongdoing. A collector of curios
once offered $500 for one of his speci
mens of bill portraiture, and the value
of some others was said to be even
greater, so marvelous was the delicacy
of his brush work.
The Ancient Dragon.
The pterodactyl, wl ose fossil remains
have been found in the ghalk at Cam
bridge, England, and elsewhere, with
a very varied spread of wings, which
in the largest specimens must have
reached twenty-five feet. Is almost Iden
tical with the dragon of fable. A bat
like creature, with an elevated body
and long neck ending in an absurdly
small head with a portentous beak, it
could ruu very swiftly, was a fish eater
and could swim, or it flew by means of
huge membranous wings, which con
nected its long fore quarters with its
hind legs. The pterodactyl evidently
existed down to a comparatively recent
geological period, and it is not at all
improbable tunt the traditional dragon
is described from the last living speci
mens as met with by primitive man.
Hard to Endure.
"My dear, said the sick man, "if I
should die don't let that irrepressible
wag, Snoofers, be one of the pallbear
ers." "Oh, don't talk about dying, Hen
ry!" answered the tearful woman.
"But I must The idea of Snoofers
keeping the other pallbearers chuckling
all the way out to the cemetery and
back to town gets on my nerves."
He had proposed and been rejected.
"Very well," he said coldly; "there
will come a time when your treatment
of me will be regretted."
"I shall never regret it," she replied.
"Oh, I don't mean yau," he returned.
"I refer to the man whom you will
finally accept" New York Times.
"Is your physician a homeopath or
an allopath, Mrs. Snooks?"
"I don't think he Is either one of
those. At any rate, those names do
not sound In the least like what my
husband called him when the bill came
An Anoient Clock.
The Tour de l'Horloge. a square tow
er which forms part of the Palais de
Justice In Paris, the ancient palace of
the French kings, has the oldest pub
lic clock in France. It dates from 1370.
Corrected Hia Veraeity.
James Papa, I ain't got no sirup.
Father John, correct your brother.
John (leaning over and peering into
James' plate) Yes, you is.
Revenge Is a kind of wild justice
which the more nan's nature nm to
the mere ought law to weed it at
fcifet--?-.". vi. .i.iiV.Sr.J'--
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