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'-TMf.l gB-.- -csTf '- 1 PAGE FOUR THE BROAD AX CHICAGO, SEPTEMBER 8. 19 17. a; -v " "tv at-, . i BIG WASTE IN WAR Money Spent Would Have Made Earth a Paradise. 24,000,000 DEAD AND MAIMED Berlin Paper In Making Comparisons Says Funeral Cortege of 7,000,000' ' Men Killed Would Reach From-Pari to Vladivostok, One Hearse Following Another. i Berlin. The Berliner Tageblatt sums up the results of the war to date as follows: "War loans, $87,000,000,000; loss In dead and wounded, 24,000,000 men; killed, 7,000,000 men; crippled for life, 5,000,000 men; loss through decrease of birth rate in all belligerent countries, 9,000,000 men. "The gold production of the world during the last 500 years amounted to $15,000,000,000, or less than one-fifth of the cost of" the awful world war," the paper continues. "In five dollar gold pieces the $87,000,000,000 raised in war loans would form a belt that could be wound around the earth nine times. "The funeral cortege of the 7,000,000 men killed would reach from Paris to .Vladivostok if one hearse followed the other. "When the war began the combined public debt of all European states was a little over S25,000,000,000, and now it is over $112,000,000,000. The British merchant fleet in 1914 represented a value of about $950,000,000. That is less than the annual interest England now has to pay for her war debt Be fore the war Germany exported goods to the amount of $113,000,000 per year to the British colonies. By cutting off this export England can eventually re imburse herself for her losses, but this wilf take more than 200 years. "Germany, with the amount spent by her for the war, could have bought all the cotton fields, the copper mines and the whole petroleum industry of the United States and still would have had several billion dollars left over. "Russia, with her war expenses, might have covered her immense terri tories with a net of railways as close as that of Belgium and France, whose losses in men are larger than the entire male population of Alsace-Lorraine, could have bought all the Portuguese and Dutch colonies with the money she sacrificed for the war, "With the enormous wealth destroy ed by the war Europe might have been made a paradise on earth instead of a howling wilderness. There is no doubt that the awful struggle would have been avoided if the nations had any idea of its enormity when it started." GROUNDHOG IS BACK HOME. Returns to Family That Befriended It Twenty Years Before. Madisonville, Ky. Hezzie Sisk of Dalton, is the owner of a groundhog that is now old enough to retire to private life. About twenty years ago Mr. Sisk's son Sam found a young groundhog pig, took it home, and that fall it hibernated. It came out next spring and soon was missing. Sight had been lost of the animal, but about two months ago the same hog turned up again and went to the same quarters where it was reared and is still with the family. Mr. Sisk says there is no doubt that it is the very same groundhog that strayed off from home a number of years ago. It Is gentle and seems to have made up its mind to die among its former friends. LOST 121 LBS. IN FEW WEEKS Weighing 316, Physician Walked Eight It een Miles a Day. Seneca, N. Y. Dr. I. H. Magill weighed 316 pounds when he went on his vacation a few weeks ago. When he returned he weighed 195 pounds. "The doctors told me I never would be able to get down to 200 pounds," he said, "but I fooled them. It took per sistent exercise. While I was In Texas I started walking a mile a day. That was all I could stand at first But by the time I had finished my visit in San Diego I was walking eighteen miles a day without becoming in the least ex hausted." 44 t Jk i2t TXt iX J S J X -t 3 tT jT Xr AMERICA'S WAR EXPENSES NOW A MILLION HOURLY Washington. War expendi tures of the United States, in cluding allied loans, mounted during August to more than 24, 000,000 every twenty-four hours. The figures, minus $100,000,000 Just loaned to Russia, are con tained in a treasury statement. Two-thirds of the daily total, ?1G,375,000, is represented by ad vances to the allies. For its own needs the United States has been spending daily $S,0S8,G52, mak ing the gross total $24,469,(352. Since war was declared, 140 days ago, the treasury has paid out a total of $2,3S7,490,0S6, of which $1,6S0,500,000 has been advanced to the entente govern ments. Lord Northcliffe of the British mission presented to Secretary McAdoo figures showing that the credit of the British government would have to be increased from " 4-$500,000,000 monthly to about $000,000,000. LONDON OPENS ARMS TO AMERICAN BOYS Warmly Weloomss Our Soldiers and Sailor., Who Teach "Craps" to British Chumi. London. London is constantly filled with American soldiers and sailors. All the downtown streets, especially in th Piccadilly district, are often throngeu with them. Everywhere the Americans mix with the Australians, Canadians and Scotchmen in kilts, and all agree that London is fine. In some places the Britons were ini tiated Into the game of "craps" and, as usual, the beginners won. Craps seems to have captivated London. The Amer icans, who had not been at liberty since their departure from the United States, were lionized. At some corners women stood handing flowers to the strangers, who pinned them on their hats. The especially warm personal wel come extended the men is notable. Furloughed Belgians, Frenchmen or other soldiers of the allies travel through the city in groups, by them selves. Every American group is pilot ed by at least one and sometimes half a dozen Britons. Those in London having just been paid, had pockets full of money, which they are anxious to spend. They dine at the best hotels, some of them occu pying tables adjoining those at which British officers are seated. WHAT RECRUITS ARE TO EXPECT IN CAMP Bath First Thing, Then Two Weeks Under Doctor's Eye. Then Some Real Work. Washington. An official statement showing what the national army re cruits, may expect when they arrive in their training camps was given out here. The first thing the recruits will do is to take a thorough bath. From that time on, officials stated, scrupu lous cleanliness will be expected of all recruits when possible. Arrangements have been made tem porarily to assign all recruits to a section of the camp where they will be in touch with men called from their own .neighborhoods. This ar rangement will be broken up later when the men are fitted to the various branches of service according to their physical qualifications. These assign ments will be made according to lists showing their previous occupations, and they will go to Infantry, cavalry, artillery, machine gun and other units, according to their fitness. Men from the same localities will remain in the same regiments as far as such disposi tion of them is possible. The first two weeks the recruit will spend largely under the doctor's care or at least under his watchful eye, ac cording to the statement, which says: "He will be given a physical exami nation and vaccinated for typhoid, paratyphoid and smallpox. Recom mendations will then be made to the company commander for special forms of exercise to remedy any slight phys ical defects. The first two weeks of training will be occupied almost entire ly with these special exercises, light exercises in setting up drills and school ing of the soldier. "During the second ten weeks regu lar training will begin, but the work will be increased gradually and the di vision surgeon and his assistants will keep a watchful eye on the general physical condition o the men. Thor ough instruction inpersonal hygiene, sanitation and first aid will be given during their first two weeks." LASSOS 1,000 POUND BEAR. Animal That Killed Many Cattle Is Trailed to Its End. Santa Fe, N. M. A thousand pound female grizzly bear was lassoed in the Santa Fe national forest by J. F. McMullen, trapper, of the United 1? was trailed down as she raced through the woods with a forty-five pound trap and a six foot drag hanging' to its feet McMullen tied the bear and sent a man to the Mountain View ranch to bring an audience of ranchers and tourists to see and photograph the brute before it was given the death shot The bear had killed many cattle recently. - - . HIS FACE WAS "FAMILIAR." Did Not Recognize Brother Till Expla nation Was Made Hopkinsville, Ky. Vego fl. Barnes is Vioolr tmm TlnflPnlr Ttrfinfa hr tpnnf frt see a certain man and met him on the I street "How are you. Orville?" said Mr. Barnes, extending his hand. The Buffalo man, with the natural suspi cion of an easterner meeting a strang er, hesitated. "Your face Is familiar," he said. "I'm sure I've seen it before. But who are you?" "Merely your brother," Vego explained. It was the first time they had met in twelve years. Adopts Soldiers' Families. Canton, O. Mrs. J. H. Himes, a wealthy Canton woman, who was re cently formally commissioned as hon orary captain of Company O, Eighth Ohio, has adopted as war wards the members of the families of the soldiers whose honorary commander she is. Mrs. Himes has procured the names and addresses of every family and the number of children, and she will see that they are cared for during the sol era absence. WON BY CARTOONS North Dakota Artist Elected to Congress by Drawings. ILLUSTRATED HIS SPEECHES. None of the Other Political Campaign ers Could Equal J. M." Beer's Chalk Talks In Getting Audiences Farmers Would Drive Fifty Miles to See the Young Fellow Make Those Pictures. Fargo, N. D. All the set rules of po litical poker were violated in North Da kota when the workingmen of the cities and the farmers united to send a nonpartisan candidate to congress. John M. Baer, who was sent on bis way to Washington by a 3,000 plurality, is not a lawyer, gone to join the 350 other lawyers in our national assembly. Instead, he is a cartoonist on a Fargo newspaper. He was educated as a civil engineer, took a fling at farming and became interested in politics through the cartoonist's necessity for studying current affairs. If he had been a year younger than his twenty-flve years he could not have been admitted-to the house of representatives. Naturally, the young men were for him. Drainage engineers spoke for him because they thought his technical training would be of use in discussing JOHN M. BAEB. public improvement projects. Cartoon ists and artists sent drawings for a traveling exhibit boosting his cause. One newspaper humorist gave up his job to go out and give illustrated speeches for him. In the Fargo Cour ier News, all Beer's drawings bore the union label and the workingman was favorably inclined. Then "there were the farmers, whose lot he once had shared in his brief twenty-five years of life. The Repub lican and Democratic candidates sought to impeach his record on the soil. Why, they charged, he made himself the laughing stock of the community by covering a wagon load of flax to pro tect it from the frost It seems that flax is impervious to chill, and the charge was a grave one to make in that agricultural district It appeared at one time that Mr. Baer could not sur vive this indication that he was unfit ted to sit in the national councils. But Baer got out his artists' crayon and drew a picture of the farm wagon driving through a terrific windstorm. The tarpaulin, he proved to all within hearing or sight, was necessary to pre vent his harvest from blowing away. Having thus displayed a statesmanlike ability for explaining away damaging evidence, the race was conceded to the young nonpartisan. As a political drawing card all the old party oratory could not equal Mr. Baer's chalk talks. Farmers would drive fifty I miles to see the youngfellow draw those lenesses of anything from a state owned grain elevator to a fat Minneapolis miller gouging the men who raised the wheat Baer's election marked the entry of j the National Nonpartisan league Into national politics. Lively interest was manifested throughout the nation be cause the league has now spread Into eight states, Kansas, Missouri and Ne braska among them, with a total mem bership of 100,000, nearly half of which is in North Dakota. Drops "Kaiser" From Plane. Redwood City, CaL "The kaiser is dead!" shouted a modern Paul Re- vere.ealloplng through Redwood City. The people rushed to the town hall to hear confirmation of the news. Direct ed to a nearby marsh, they found the "kaiser" up to his neck in mud. Dan Davidson, air pilot at the nearby avia tion school, made an efflgy of friend Bill Hohensollern, went up in his aero plane early in the morning and dropped Bill into the marsh. An early rising farmer saw the effigy drop and rushed to the spot thinking some aviator had fallen. On learning it was only the kaiser the farmer spread the word. Great Lakes Vessels Going to Atlantic. Boston. More than a hundred ves sels from the great lakes will be brought to the Atlantic coast during the next few months in an effort to re lieve the shortage of tonnage here, it was stated. Many of the ships will be cut In halves to enable them to pass through the Welland canal Is? KVIV t. 'K v-obbbbW iv" '. 4 -v JK v3alBBBB' lu.- "' 'feMBBBBEu3LBBBBBr V:i TaVJfiDB j V . i X?1&b1bbW jK . AJBBBBn. tfBBBY i.'iaG iaBBBBBW A JBBBE. '4dBBBBBV L. & -"THBHBaBBBBBBr BVi B BbBbVP ' BBW. HBBBBBHflr TBBBBT JBBBBBH BTBBBBBm ' ''VBH BBBBBBBm. "'"' BH Ibbbbbbbbbbbbbbbk, " ) MwbbMbbbHBBBBL - .2.JmbbbB1 Th Sjoale on, a Map. Distance on a map is measured by its "scale." By laying a rule on a gov ernment map and ascertaining the number of inches between two points the number of miles between them can readily be calculated. Nearly all maps are drawn to a scale representing one, two, three or more miles to the inch, as the inch is the common unit of meas urement In the United States by which the eye Is accustomed to judge dis tances on paper. A scalo of 1:02,500, used In the well known United States geological survey topographical maps, denotes that one inch on the map represents 62,500 Inches on the ground, which is the ap proximate number of inches in a mile. Therefore the scale is, almost exactly, one inch to one mile. A- scale of 1:125,000 is approximately two miles to one inch, and a scale of 1:1,000,000 rep resents sixteen miles to one inch. Pantheon and Parthenon. The Parthenon, or what is left of it stands upon the Acropolis of Athens. The most famous building on earth was erected under the administration of Pericles about B. C. 442. Its present ruinous condition was caused by the explosion of a bomb during the war between the Venetians and Turks in 1687. The Pantheon at Rome was built by Agrippa in B. C. 27 and, unlike the more beautiful temple at Athens, Is still in a fair state of preservation. The Pantheon is, of course, well worth seeing both for its own sake and on account of its historic interest, but it does not hold the fame belonging to the incomparable building on the Acropolis. 1 V Camphor Laurels In Japan. There is a stringent law in Japan that when one camphor laurel is cut down another must be planted in its place. The tree is hardy and long lived, attaining to an enormous size. It is covered with a small leaf of a vivid green color. The seed, or berries, grow In clusters, resembling the black cur rant in .size and appearance. And the wood is employed for every purpose, from cabTnetmaklng to shipbuilding. Sliced Hair. Tommy, a bright little three-year-old, had just made his first visit to the barber's and was very dissatisfied upon his return. "I don't like my hair curled in this way, all in little curls," he said. "How do you wish it?" queried mamma. "Why, I want it like Uncle Tom's. I want it In two slices." Slow Work. "How's your boy Josh doing in the army?" "First rate," replied Farmer Corntos sel, "although his mother's a little dis appointed. She speaks about the slow ness of Josh's promotion every time she sees in the paj t that the same old general Is still holding his job." Washington Star. Paraguay's "Spider Lace." Missionaries in Paraguay more than 200 years ago taught the native In dians to make lace by hand. Since that day the art has greatly developed, and In certain of the towns lacemaking is the chief occupation. Almost all the women, many children and not a few men are engaged in this industry. A curious fact with reference to the Par aguayan laces is that the designs were borrowed from the strange webs wovj en by the semitropical spiders that abound in that country. Accordingly this lace is by the natives called nan duti, which means "spjder web." Ex change. Would Rather Not Go. "So you were late to school, Bessie?" "Yes, mamma." "Why didn't you run, dear?" "Because you told me never to de ceive, mamma." "But how would that deceive, my child?" "It might give some one who saw me running an idea that I was anxious to get there, and I wasn't" Yonkers Statesman. Tims For the Lecture. "You're not going so early?" "Yes, Indeed! I have had a fine time at your party, but if I am to get any sleep at all tonight I've got to go now to give my wife a chance to tell me all thereaks I have made while here." Detroit Free Press. The Retort Courteous. He This bargain hunting shows your character. You are always looking out for something cheap. She Too true. That is how I came to mffrry you. Baltimore American. Sarcastic Pop. She I told papa you wanted, to see him the next time you called. He What did he say? She He said for you to come on; he wasn't afraid of you. Boston Transcript kSxSxJxSxSxSxSxSxSxSxSxSi PRACTICAL HEALTH HINT. Varicose Veins. Operation Is necessary In very severe cases. In simple early S cases treatment consists of ap- S 3 plying suitable bandages and J paying attention to regularity of S the bowels and general health. The bandage, which should be 3 S of flannel, about two inches wide $ 3 and a yard or so long, is wrapped S 8 spirally round the limb affect- $ ed, commencing well below the S J prominent veins and taken well $ S above them. It should be adjust- S s ed firmly, but not too tightly, S and each layer should slightly S overlap the last. It should be $ S put on while lying in bed in the $ S morning and not taken off again $ 3 till lying down in bed at night Never massage or rub the parts. 3 Gas Users MBaMBBBBBBBSBlBlB SBBHBSBaaBBBBBBBHBBlBBBHBSBlH Take Notice! The Peoples Gas Light & Coke Company hereby offers to give two (2) Junior' mantle fights to each and every consumer of gas in the City of Chicago who is wholly dependent upon flat flame burners for illumination, and to install them free of charge. Please read carefully the instructions given below for taking advantage of this offer and promptly securing FREE Two Junior, Mantle Gas Lights At the right hand side of the first gas bill you receive on and after August 10, 1917, you will find a coupon headed, 'To The Peoples Gas light & Coke Co." , , If you have no incandescent mantle gas lights or electric lights in your home, sign that coupon on the line marked X. Do not tear off the coupon; just sign it and it will come to us, when you pay your gas bill, as your appli cation for the two Junior mantle lights. We will then furnish and install the lights FREE -provided, as specified by City Ordinance, you are wholly depend ent upon flat flame burners for illumination. The Peoples Gas light & Coke Compaiy TiMflMM Wakuk MM THE BROADAV Published Weekly A In this city since July 15th, igoq without missing one single issue R ' publicans, Democrats, Catholics, pr testants, Single Taxers, Priests ;; dcls or anyone else can have their sa as long as their language is pr0pej and responsibility is fixed. The Broadax is a newspaper h0, platform is broad enough for all, eve claiming the editorial right to speaV its own mind. Local communications will receivt attention. Write only on one side of the paper. Subscriptions must be paid in ad vance. One Year .C0 Six Months qq Advertising rates made known m j appplication. Address all communications to THE BROADAX 6418 Champlain Ave, Chicago, 1ft PHONE WENTWORTH 2597. JULIUS F. TAYILOR, Editor and Publisher. Entered as Second-Class Matter Aug. 19, 1902, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March 3, 1879. -i Just a Steo. "You maynot believe it, mum, but I wunst Kuelt at ue ieet or a queen." "And how did you fall so low as to become a tramn?" "It wuzn't much of a fall. mum. Ton see, I was a super in ue movies. Ei change. Top and Bottom. The chiropodist is a humble iudivld- ual. In the profession he begins and i3 content to remain at the foot. Ths barber, on the contrary, is ambitions. He begins at the head aud stays there. Haste makes waste, und waste makes want, and want makes strife betweea the good man and his wife. The Ambitious Bride. Bill Hollo! Home from your honej. moon trip already? Gill-Oh, yes. "Bather short, wasn't it?" "Oh, j-es. My new wife seemed rati- er anxious to get home, and try her I cooking on me." Yonkers Statesman. i Tho Pessimist Says: "Seeing is believim,'." but that does aot alter the fact that some men sa things which have no real existence and therefore believe tilings which are not true. Richmond Times-Dispatch. To what gulfs a siimlo deviation from the track of human duties leads! Byron.