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The broad ax. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1895-19??, September 08, 1917, Image 4

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Money Spent Would Have Made
Earth a Paradise.
24,000,000 DEAD AND MAIMED
Berlin Paper In Making Comparisons
Says Funeral Cortege of 7,000,000'
' Men Killed Would Reach From-Pari
to Vladivostok, One Hearse Following
Berlin. The Berliner Tageblatt sums
up the results of the war to date as
"War loans, $87,000,000,000; loss In
dead and wounded, 24,000,000 men;
killed, 7,000,000 men; crippled for life,
5,000,000 men; loss through decrease of
birth rate in all belligerent countries,
9,000,000 men.
"The gold production of the world
during the last 500 years amounted to
$15,000,000,000, or less than one-fifth of
the cost of" the awful world war," the
paper continues. "In five dollar gold
pieces the $87,000,000,000 raised in war
loans would form a belt that could be
wound around the earth nine times.
"The funeral cortege of the 7,000,000
men killed would reach from Paris to
.Vladivostok if one hearse followed the
"When the war began the combined
public debt of all European states was
a little over S25,000,000,000, and now it
is over $112,000,000,000. The British
merchant fleet in 1914 represented a
value of about $950,000,000. That is
less than the annual interest England
now has to pay for her war debt Be
fore the war Germany exported goods
to the amount of $113,000,000 per year
to the British colonies. By cutting off
this export England can eventually re
imburse herself for her losses, but this
wilf take more than 200 years.
"Germany, with the amount spent by
her for the war, could have bought all
the cotton fields, the copper mines and
the whole petroleum industry of the
United States and still would have had
several billion dollars left over.
"Russia, with her war expenses,
might have covered her immense terri
tories with a net of railways as close
as that of Belgium and France, whose
losses in men are larger than the entire
male population of Alsace-Lorraine,
could have bought all the Portuguese
and Dutch colonies with the money she
sacrificed for the war,
"With the enormous wealth destroy
ed by the war Europe might have been
made a paradise on earth instead of a
howling wilderness. There is no doubt
that the awful struggle would have
been avoided if the nations had any
idea of its enormity when it started."
Returns to Family That Befriended It
Twenty Years Before.
Madisonville, Ky. Hezzie Sisk of
Dalton, is the owner of a groundhog
that is now old enough to retire to
private life. About twenty years ago
Mr. Sisk's son Sam found a young
groundhog pig, took it home, and that
fall it hibernated. It came out next
spring and soon was missing.
Sight had been lost of the animal,
but about two months ago the same
hog turned up again and went to the
same quarters where it was reared and
is still with the family. Mr. Sisk says
there is no doubt that it is the very
same groundhog that strayed off from
home a number of years ago. It Is
gentle and seems to have made up its
mind to die among its former friends.
Weighing 316, Physician Walked Eight
It een Miles a Day.
Seneca, N. Y. Dr. I. H. Magill
weighed 316 pounds when he went on
his vacation a few weeks ago. When
he returned he weighed 195 pounds.
"The doctors told me I never would
be able to get down to 200 pounds," he
said, "but I fooled them. It took per
sistent exercise. While I was In Texas
I started walking a mile a day. That
was all I could stand at first But by
the time I had finished my visit in San
Diego I was walking eighteen miles a
day without becoming in the least ex
hausted." 44 t Jk i2t TXt iX J S J X -t 3 tT jT Xr
Washington. War expendi
tures of the United States, in
cluding allied loans, mounted
during August to more than 24,
000,000 every twenty-four hours.
The figures, minus $100,000,000
Just loaned to Russia, are con
tained in a treasury statement.
Two-thirds of the daily total,
?1G,375,000, is represented by ad
vances to the allies. For its own
needs the United States has been
spending daily $S,0S8,G52, mak
ing the gross total $24,469,(352.
Since war was declared, 140
days ago, the treasury has paid
out a total of $2,3S7,490,0S6, of
which $1,6S0,500,000 has been
advanced to the entente govern
ments. Lord Northcliffe of the British
mission presented to Secretary
McAdoo figures showing that the
credit of the British government
would have to be increased from
4-$500,000,000 monthly to about
Warmly Weloomss Our Soldiers and
Sailor., Who Teach "Craps" to
British Chumi.
London. London is constantly filled
with American soldiers and sailors. All
the downtown streets, especially in th
Piccadilly district, are often throngeu
with them. Everywhere the Americans
mix with the Australians, Canadians
and Scotchmen in kilts, and all agree
that London is fine.
In some places the Britons were ini
tiated Into the game of "craps" and, as
usual, the beginners won. Craps seems
to have captivated London. The Amer
icans, who had not been at liberty since
their departure from the United States,
were lionized. At some corners women
stood handing flowers to the strangers,
who pinned them on their hats.
The especially warm personal wel
come extended the men is notable.
Furloughed Belgians, Frenchmen or
other soldiers of the allies travel
through the city in groups, by them
selves. Every American group is pilot
ed by at least one and sometimes half
a dozen Britons.
Those in London having just been
paid, had pockets full of money, which
they are anxious to spend. They dine
at the best hotels, some of them occu
pying tables adjoining those at which
British officers are seated.
Bath First Thing, Then Two
Weeks Under Doctor's Eye.
Then Some Real Work.
Washington. An official statement
showing what the national army re
cruits, may expect when they arrive in
their training camps was given out
here. The first thing the recruits will
do is to take a thorough bath. From
that time on, officials stated, scrupu
lous cleanliness will be expected of all
recruits when possible.
Arrangements have been made tem
porarily to assign all recruits to a
section of the camp where they will
be in touch with men called from
their own .neighborhoods. This ar
rangement will be broken up later
when the men are fitted to the various
branches of service according to their
physical qualifications. These assign
ments will be made according to lists
showing their previous occupations,
and they will go to Infantry, cavalry,
artillery, machine gun and other units,
according to their fitness. Men from
the same localities will remain in the
same regiments as far as such disposi
tion of them is possible.
The first two weeks the recruit will
spend largely under the doctor's care
or at least under his watchful eye, ac
cording to the statement, which says:
"He will be given a physical exami
nation and vaccinated for typhoid,
paratyphoid and smallpox. Recom
mendations will then be made to the
company commander for special forms
of exercise to remedy any slight phys
ical defects. The first two weeks of
training will be occupied almost entire
ly with these special exercises, light
exercises in setting up drills and school
ing of the soldier.
"During the second ten weeks regu
lar training will begin, but the work
will be increased gradually and the di
vision surgeon and his assistants will
keep a watchful eye on the general
physical condition o the men. Thor
ough instruction inpersonal hygiene,
sanitation and first aid will be given
during their first two weeks."
Animal That Killed Many Cattle Is
Trailed to Its End.
Santa Fe, N. M. A thousand pound
female grizzly bear was lassoed in
the Santa Fe national forest by J. F.
McMullen, trapper, of the United
was trailed down as she raced through
the woods with a forty-five pound trap
and a six foot drag hanging' to its feet
McMullen tied the bear and sent a
man to the Mountain View ranch to
bring an audience of ranchers and
tourists to see and photograph the
brute before it was given the death
shot The bear had killed many cattle
- - .
Did Not Recognize Brother Till Expla
nation Was Made
Hopkinsville, Ky. Vego fl. Barnes is
Vioolr tmm TlnflPnlr Ttrfinfa hr tpnnf frt
see a certain man and met him on the I
street "How are you. Orville?" said
Mr. Barnes, extending his hand. The
Buffalo man, with the natural suspi
cion of an easterner meeting a strang
er, hesitated. "Your face Is familiar,"
he said. "I'm sure I've seen it before.
But who are you?" "Merely your
brother," Vego explained. It was the
first time they had met in twelve years.
Adopts Soldiers' Families.
Canton, O. Mrs. J. H. Himes, a
wealthy Canton woman, who was re
cently formally commissioned as hon
orary captain of Company O, Eighth
Ohio, has adopted as war wards the
members of the families of the soldiers
whose honorary commander she is.
Mrs. Himes has procured the names
and addresses of every family and the
number of children, and she will see
that they are cared for during the sol
era absence.
North Dakota Artist Elected to
Congress by Drawings.
None of the Other Political Campaign
ers Could Equal J. M." Beer's Chalk
Talks In Getting Audiences Farmers
Would Drive Fifty Miles to See the
Young Fellow Make Those Pictures.
Fargo, N. D. All the set rules of po
litical poker were violated in North Da
kota when the workingmen of the
cities and the farmers united to send a
nonpartisan candidate to congress.
John M. Baer, who was sent on bis
way to Washington by a 3,000 plurality,
is not a lawyer, gone to join the 350
other lawyers in our national assembly.
Instead, he is a cartoonist on a Fargo
newspaper. He was educated as a civil
engineer, took a fling at farming and
became interested in politics through
the cartoonist's necessity for studying
current affairs. If he had been a year
younger than his twenty-flve years he
could not have been admitted-to the
house of representatives.
Naturally, the young men were for
him. Drainage engineers spoke for him
because they thought his technical
training would be of use in discussing
public improvement projects. Cartoon
ists and artists sent drawings for a
traveling exhibit boosting his cause.
One newspaper humorist gave up his
job to go out and give illustrated
speeches for him. In the Fargo Cour
ier News, all Beer's drawings bore the
union label and the workingman was
favorably inclined.
Then "there were the farmers, whose
lot he once had shared in his brief
twenty-five years of life. The Repub
lican and Democratic candidates sought
to impeach his record on the soil. Why,
they charged, he made himself the
laughing stock of the community by
covering a wagon load of flax to pro
tect it from the frost It seems that
flax is impervious to chill, and the
charge was a grave one to make in that
agricultural district It appeared at
one time that Mr. Baer could not sur
vive this indication that he was unfit
ted to sit in the national councils.
But Baer got out his artists' crayon
and drew a picture of the farm wagon
driving through a terrific windstorm.
The tarpaulin, he proved to all within
hearing or sight, was necessary to pre
vent his harvest from blowing away.
Having thus displayed a statesmanlike
ability for explaining away damaging
evidence, the race was conceded to the
young nonpartisan.
As a political drawing card all the old
party oratory could not equal Mr. Baer's
chalk talks. Farmers would drive fifty
I miles to see the youngfellow draw those
lenesses of anything
from a state owned grain elevator to a
fat Minneapolis miller gouging the men
who raised the wheat
Baer's election marked the entry of j
the National Nonpartisan league Into
national politics. Lively interest was
manifested throughout the nation be
cause the league has now spread Into
eight states, Kansas, Missouri and Ne
braska among them, with a total mem
bership of 100,000, nearly half of which
is in North Dakota.
Drops "Kaiser" From Plane.
Redwood City, CaL "The kaiser is
dead!" shouted a modern Paul Re-
vere.ealloplng through Redwood City.
The people rushed to the town hall to
hear confirmation of the news. Direct
ed to a nearby marsh, they found the
"kaiser" up to his neck in mud. Dan
Davidson, air pilot at the nearby avia
tion school, made an efflgy of friend
Bill Hohensollern, went up in his aero
plane early in the morning and dropped
Bill into the marsh. An early rising
farmer saw the effigy drop and rushed
to the spot thinking some aviator had
fallen. On learning it was only the
kaiser the farmer spread the word.
Great Lakes Vessels Going to Atlantic.
Boston. More than a hundred ves
sels from the great lakes will be
brought to the Atlantic coast during
the next few months in an effort to re
lieve the shortage of tonnage here, it
was stated. Many of the ships will be
cut In halves to enable them to pass
through the Welland canal
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Th Sjoale on, a Map.
Distance on a map is measured by
its "scale." By laying a rule on a gov
ernment map and ascertaining the
number of inches between two points
the number of miles between them can
readily be calculated. Nearly all maps
are drawn to a scale representing one,
two, three or more miles to the inch,
as the inch is the common unit of meas
urement In the United States by which
the eye Is accustomed to judge dis
tances on paper.
A scalo of 1:02,500, used In the well
known United States geological survey
topographical maps, denotes that one
inch on the map represents 62,500
Inches on the ground, which is the ap
proximate number of inches in a mile.
Therefore the scale is, almost exactly,
one inch to one mile. A- scale of
1:125,000 is approximately two miles to
one inch, and a scale of 1:1,000,000 rep
resents sixteen miles to one inch.
Pantheon and Parthenon.
The Parthenon, or what is left of it
stands upon the Acropolis of Athens.
The most famous building on earth
was erected under the administration
of Pericles about B. C. 442. Its present
ruinous condition was caused by the
explosion of a bomb during the war
between the Venetians and Turks in
The Pantheon at Rome was built by
Agrippa in B. C. 27 and, unlike the
more beautiful temple at Athens, Is
still in a fair state of preservation.
The Pantheon is, of course, well worth
seeing both for its own sake and on
account of its historic interest, but
it does not hold the fame belonging
to the incomparable building on the
1 V
Camphor Laurels In Japan.
There is a stringent law in Japan
that when one camphor laurel is cut
down another must be planted in its
place. The tree is hardy and long lived,
attaining to an enormous size. It is
covered with a small leaf of a vivid
green color. The seed, or berries, grow
In clusters, resembling the black cur
rant in .size and appearance. And the
wood is employed for every purpose,
from cabTnetmaklng to shipbuilding.
Sliced Hair.
Tommy, a bright little three-year-old,
had just made his first visit to the
barber's and was very dissatisfied upon
his return.
"I don't like my hair curled in this
way, all in little curls," he said.
"How do you wish it?" queried
"Why, I want it like Uncle Tom's.
I want it In two slices."
Slow Work.
"How's your boy Josh doing in the
"First rate," replied Farmer Corntos
sel, "although his mother's a little dis
appointed. She speaks about the slow
ness of Josh's promotion every time
she sees in the paj t that the same
old general Is still holding his job."
Washington Star.
Paraguay's "Spider Lace."
Missionaries in Paraguay more than
200 years ago taught the native In
dians to make lace by hand. Since
that day the art has greatly developed,
and In certain of the towns lacemaking
is the chief occupation. Almost all the
women, many children and not a few
men are engaged in this industry. A
curious fact with reference to the Par
aguayan laces is that the designs were
borrowed from the strange webs wovj
en by the semitropical spiders that
abound in that country. Accordingly
this lace is by the natives called nan
duti, which means "spjder web." Ex
change. Would Rather Not Go.
"So you were late to school, Bessie?"
"Yes, mamma."
"Why didn't you run, dear?"
"Because you told me never to de
ceive, mamma."
"But how would that deceive, my
"It might give some one who saw
me running an idea that I was anxious
to get there, and I wasn't" Yonkers
Tims For the Lecture.
"You're not going so early?"
"Yes, Indeed! I have had a fine time
at your party, but if I am to get any
sleep at all tonight I've got to go now
to give my wife a chance to tell me all
thereaks I have made while here."
Detroit Free Press.
The Retort Courteous.
He This bargain hunting shows your
character. You are always looking out
for something cheap.
She Too true. That is how I came
to mffrry you. Baltimore American.
Sarcastic Pop.
She I told papa you wanted, to see
him the next time you called. He
What did he say? She He said for
you to come on; he wasn't afraid of
you. Boston Transcript
Varicose Veins.
Operation Is necessary In very
severe cases. In simple early
S cases treatment consists of ap- S
3 plying suitable bandages and
J paying attention to regularity of S
the bowels and general health.
The bandage, which should be 3
S of flannel, about two inches wide $
3 and a yard or so long, is wrapped S
8 spirally round the limb affect-
$ ed, commencing well below the S
J prominent veins and taken well $
S above them. It should be adjust- S
s ed firmly, but not too tightly, S
and each layer should slightly S
overlap the last. It should be $
S put on while lying in bed in the $
S morning and not taken off again $
3 till lying down in bed at night
Never massage or rub the parts.
Gas Users
Take Notice!
The Peoples Gas Light & Coke Company hereby
offers to give two (2) Junior' mantle fights to
each and every consumer of gas in the City of
Chicago who is wholly dependent upon flat
flame burners for illumination, and to install
them free of charge.
Please read carefully the instructions given
below for taking advantage of this offer and
promptly securing
FREE Two Junior,
Mantle Gas Lights
At the right hand side of the first gas bill you receive
on and after August 10, 1917, you will find a coupon
headed, 'To The Peoples Gas light & Coke Co." , ,
If you have no incandescent mantle gas lights or
electric lights in your home, sign that coupon on the
line marked X.
Do not tear off the coupon; just sign it and it will
come to us, when you pay your gas bill, as your appli
cation for the two Junior mantle lights. We will then
furnish and install the lights FREE -provided, as
specified by City Ordinance, you are wholly depend
ent upon flat flame burners for illumination.
The Peoples Gas light & Coke Compaiy
TiMflMM Wakuk MM
Published Weekly A
In this city since July 15th, igoq
without missing one single issue R '
publicans, Democrats, Catholics, pr
testants, Single Taxers, Priests ;;
dcls or anyone else can have their sa
as long as their language is pr0pej
and responsibility is fixed.
The Broadax is a newspaper h0,
platform is broad enough for all, eve
claiming the editorial right to speaV
its own mind.
Local communications will receivt
attention. Write only on one side of
the paper.
Subscriptions must be paid in ad
vance. One Year .C0
Six Months qq
Advertising rates made known m
j appplication.
Address all communications to
6418 Champlain Ave, Chicago, 1ft
Entered as Second-Class Matter
Aug. 19, 1902, at the Post Office at
Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March
3, 1879.
Just a Steo.
"You maynot believe it, mum, but
I wunst Kuelt at ue ieet or a queen."
"And how did you fall so low as to
become a tramn?"
"It wuzn't much of a fall. mum. Ton
see, I was a super in ue movies. Ei
Top and Bottom.
The chiropodist is a humble iudivld-
ual. In the profession he begins and
i3 content to remain at the foot. Ths
barber, on the contrary, is ambitions.
He begins at the head aud stays there.
Haste makes waste, und waste makes
want, and want makes strife betweea
the good man and his wife.
The Ambitious Bride.
Bill Hollo! Home from your honej.
moon trip already?
Gill-Oh, yes.
"Bather short, wasn't it?"
"Oh, j-es. My new wife seemed rati-
er anxious to get home, and try her I
cooking on me." Yonkers Statesman.
i Tho Pessimist Says:
"Seeing is believim,'." but that does
aot alter the fact that some men sa
things which have no real existence
and therefore believe tilings which are
not true. Richmond Times-Dispatch.
To what gulfs a siimlo deviation
from the track of human duties leads!

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