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$?s OAD VOL. XXV CHICAGO, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1919. No. 10 is Treating the ow ', w E B South Colored People toe Gross Injustice Practiced Upon the Colored People of the South as Shown in Timely Editorial from the "Southwestern Christian Advocate", Published in New Orleans, La,, Rev. Robert E, Jones, Editor The High Crime of Lynching There is not much chance for stamp ing out lynching until we get the press of the country to ileal with the farts -s they are. The Arkansas Methodist in a recent issue has a long editorial on Race Relations. It start out with the following paragraph: "It is not always possible on the first press reports to obtain sufficient . vidence from which to draw correct conclusions concerning complicated public events, such as the race revo lution attempted last week in Phillips County; but there M'cms to be good ground for believing that the Negroes who, without apparent provocation, at tacked and killed a" number of white men and resisted the efforts to restore order, had been led by revolutionary propagandists to organize for the pur pose of murdering their landlords and taking possession of property with the idea that this was a patriotic duty and they could enjoy the fruits of their lawless action. "Wa are surprised and exceedingly regret that any Negroes in Arkansas could be so foolish anil so criminal, because race relations in our State have been more than ordinarily har monious and we regard our Negroes as unusually intelligent, honorable and law-abiding." Lay this paragraph alongside the facts that have come to light concern ing this Arkansas "revolution." The Negroes were being robbed of their cotton. They had employed a reput able white lawyer to go in the courts before a "whit judge and a white jury to see to it that they got their equity in the cotton their equity and noth ing more. Because they refused to be robbed the planters got mad. The Negroes were murdered upon the -lightest pretest. In the search for high-powered rifles the Negroes were rej.uted to have had, the best that the -oldiers and civilians could do was to find among the Negroes a few rusty pistols. They said Negroes must have hid their high-powered rifles, and that what is called a "revolution." Ifcu-e relations are usually good when Negroes submit to everything, and are very bad when they protest against highhanded wrong. Later on in its article, the Arkansas Methodist says: "Negroes ought not to be lynched. As long as we are able to write or -peak we fhall denounce mobs; but, knowing human nature, we -are com pelled to say that as long as Negroes violate white women there shall be niobo in spite of our denunciation." . This is just about a. fine a defense for lynching as a member of the mob would want. It is easy to infer that lynching is for rape, ami that all rap ists are among Negroes. There arc as many rapists among white men to the population as there are among Negroes, and when it comes to Negro women who are raped by white men we hang onr heads. And yet, when any mem ber of the Negro race stands up and brings forward these nasty facts, cer tain "Negro religious papers" arc con sidered "not prudent nor . calculated to promote right relations." Permit us to give two first-class ex amples of lynching. Down in Macon. Georgia, the other day a ten-year-old Negro boy had been sentenced for an attempt upon the life of a foreigner, Charles Tingle. Tingle was not seri ously wounded, but his friends had aadc the repeated threats that they would get Hamilton, the ten-year-old Negro boy, whose lawyers had made a motion for a new trial. A mob of sixty men met the sheriff who had the joung Negro boy in custody, and took the boy and shot hira to death in broad daylight. The boy was bound, hand and foot, and stood up by the creek bridge railing and shot to death. The verdict of the Ncgroe's death was "death of gunshot wounds at the hands of parties unknown to the jury." It was not a very serious charge against this Negro who was lynched. Certainly womanhood was not involved. Here is another ease: The four Johnston brothers were outrageously murdered near Elaine, Arkansas. The four brothers, one of whom, Dr. I. H. Johnston, of Coweta, Oklahoma, who was there visiting his other brothers, had been hunting and were peacefully "returning home with their game when they were intercepted by a white man, s-upposcd to be a friend to the Johns ton boys, and told that aracc riot was in progress in Elaine and advised them not to go in that direction, but to re turn to a point below Elaine, leave their guns to avoid suspicion and take the train for Helena. After consider able persuasion on the part of their supj-o-cd white friend, the Johnston followed his advice trying to avoid trouble that they knew nothing of. When the train on which they were riding en route to Helena reached Elaine their good white" friend" led :. mob aboard the Jim Crow coach and with guns drawn commanded the Johns ton boys to throw up their hands, ac cording to eye witnesses, and in a few seconds had handcuffed three of the boys, evidently not recognizing Dr. L. II. Johnston as one of the' brothers, and were marching them out of the train when Dr. Johnston spoke to the men. saying: "Gentlemen, these men are my brother.-, and 1 want to know why you are taking them from the train." In reply one of the men said: "If you're their brother you'd better tome along with them." To this Dr. Johnston retorted: "Well, I will cer tainly go," whereupon he wan also handenffed and the four forced at the points of gnu- to get into a waiting auto and hurriedly driven off. That uight about 11 o'clock the bodies of the four brothers, riddled with bullets and mutilated with knives or other sharp instruments, were found by the roadside. They had been murdered in cold blood! The perpetrator.-, of this grewsomc crimu then issued a statement to the effect that one of the Johnstons took a gun from a deputy sheriff and killed him, causing the posse to fire on the four brothers, killing all of them in stantly. Now to add to this awful crime, the mother who was at that time in Ar kansas went to claim the bodies of her four murdered sons, but she had to pay a ranom for the bodies of her sons before she could get them. She paid the price, however, and followed the remains to their last resting place in Little Rock. One of the boys, Lcroy had seen two year' service in tho war for de mocracy while serving as bugler for the 13th New York regiment. Dr. Elihue, the dentist, was a very successful man and owned nearly half of his home town. All of the Johns tons were highly respected wherever they were known. There is -no rape here or any insult to womanhood. For our part, we would not cover the crime of a rapist with the end of a needle. We would expose him, we would turn him over to the law, we would help to run him down. But we solemnly protest against blackmailing an entire race for the crime of a few brutes who are to be found in the rank and file, not only of the Negro race but every race. Much of the unrest in America is due to the fact that we have not curb ed lynching. Tho lawless clement knows that they will not be punished. There is no jury to convict them. 68 LYNCHED IN TJ. S. IN 10 MONTHS. 11 Burned, 20 Shot, 19 Hanged. The National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People 70 Fifth .VVCnUl', .M." xuiv. auain'o jiuuiiv. . statement showing that OS persons were remrrtrred br mobs in the United States in the first 10 months of 1919. Of the victims 61 were American cit izens and two were Mexicans. Fifty nine of the Americans done to death were Negroes, of whom 11 were burned at stake. "Among the causes for lynching were 'circulating incendiary literature' and 'talking of Chicago," says the statement of the Advancement Asso ciation. "Four Negroes were lynched for 'intimacy with white women, one for not turning out of the road for a white boy in an automobile, one for 'an altercation -with a white man and Republican Ward, who has preachers in this HABVET A. WATKINS ENDORSED FOR WABD COMMITTEEMAN. The public is advised that the can didacy of Harvey A. Watkins for Com mitteeman of the Second Ward has the unqualified endorsement of the follow ing leading ministers: Rev. A. J. Carey, P. E. one for being a leader of his race. Georgia led the states with 17 lynch ings, Mississippi followed with 10, Al abama xnd Louisiana dividing the hoa o's of third place with S lynching? each. The tabulations follow: Lynchings in the United States in the First Ten Months of 1919. By States. Alabama, S (1 white); Arkansas, o; Colorado, 2 (Mexicans); Florida, 4; Georgia, 17; Louisiana, 8; Mississippi, 10; Missouri, 1 (white); Nebraska, I; North Carolina, 2; South Carolina, 1; Tennessee, 1; Texas, 3. Total G3. The manner of lynching was as fol lows: Burned, 11; shot to death, 20; hanged, 19; beaten to death, 2; cut to pieces, 1; drowned, I; manner un known, 9. Total C3. The alleged causes are as follows: Insulting white women, ."; altercation with white man, 1; attempting to pull white woman from horse, 1; trouble between white and colored cotton mill workers, 1; assault on white woman. 12; murder, IS; insulting white man, 1; shooting white man, 6; attempted assault on white woman, 4; result of race riot, 1; talking of Chicago riot, 1; not turning out of road for white boy ia auto, 1; leader'among Negroes, 1; circulating iBccndiary literature, 1; misleading mob, 1; boastful remarks re killing ef sheriff, 1; intimacy with white woman, 4; found under bed in white man's house, 1; expressing him self too freely re lynching of Negro, 1; causes unknown, 1. Total, 63. With the above splendid or brilliant lynching record for the past ten months; there still are many fools roaming around in this country who contend that it is highly civilized and full of Christians. Editor. En route from Ohio to her home in Lake Forest, HL, Mrs. Hallie Lcnior stopped in the city last week and vis ited friends. nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnaciB&nnnnnnw "vHVSSUBBRBr sp HARVEY A. WATKINS candidate for committeeman of the Second been endorsed by all the leading colored city. Rev. II. E. Stewart Rev. R. E. Wilson. Rev. W. D. Ceek. Rev. J. M. Henderson. Rev. L. G. Snclfen. Rev. B. U. Taylor. Rev. T. L. Scott. Rev. I. N. Daniels. Rev. W. II. Griffin. Rev. R. E. Waldoa. Rev. J D. Costen. FRANK O. LOWDEN FOR PRESI - DENT 1920. Goal of Illinois Republicans By Hetiuregxrd F. Mescley. History offtimes repeats itself, and those familiar with tho history of Illi nois will find that Illinokt has fur nished the nation with its best type of men for stemming the tide of tinrest and placed the business awl affairs of the nation and the people in a normal condition after every great unheaval in its affairs since its admission to the Union, one hundred years ago, and this, too, is so' patented until it is a by-word now, that the history of this union cannot be written without the wondrous story of Illinois and the men hc has furnished to the nations glory. To repeat that story here would re quire much space and consume some time without doing more than what al ready has been dene, for the mere men tion of Illinois brings to one's memory the names of Lovejoy, Lincoln, Grant, Logan, Yates and the Dred Scott de cision, tho fugitive slave law and many other names of men and 'measures of great moment. Let us then be at ease and conclude with the assurance that whoever Illi nois presents as a worthy successor to Lincoln, aan be relied upon to serve the nation awl the people in the same unselfish way. This, brings one te con sider the choice of Hliaeis; a choice or a selection made after a most eareful canvass of both the nation's needs and the character and calibre ef the man selected. In this conference sat the brainiest men of the state, aad some of the leaders of public thought the country over. Here are some of them: Honorables Lawrence Y. Sherman and Medill McCormiek, United States Senators who are daily striving to fur- Rev. T. C. Lowry. Rex. E. A. JehnSOH. Rev. Jas. Gaskins. Rc. C. A. Fisher. Mr. Watkins appreciates the ceafi- donee expressed by these gentlemen and assures all that his race will he or its merits aloite Get acquainted with the next Committeeman, II. A. Wstkius. Your interests are his interests. 1 Jtish the natie with its meat urgent I needs. Ex-Governors. Hon. Cbas. S. Dewen, Richard Yates awl Riehard Oglesby. mea whom the citizens of Illinois leve to honor and respect. Congressmen Wm. MeKinky, Kedea berg. Smith, Mason, Madden awl all of their colleagues in the present Con gress, Republican in faith from Illi nois. Hon. E. J. Braadage. the most con servative, as well as constructive At torney General the state has ever had. Hon. Fred Sterling, the people's most favorite State Treasurer. Hon. Cha. W. Vail, everybody's friend,, and most excellent Clerk of the State Supreme Court. Judge Orrin N. Carter, the astute, careful and associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Hob. Harold Ickes, one of Chicago's leading publie citi zen of the Roosevelt type. Hon. David ShannahaR, speaker of the Illi nois House of Representatives, and member of the next Constitutional Ciw- cation. Hon. Wm. Hale Thompson, Chicago's best Mayor. Hon. Louis L. Emmerson. the Secretary of State that commands more influence and respect than any predecessor. Hon. John R. Marshall, late Colonel of the Sth Illi nois Regiment. Co. Otis B. Duncan, ef the 370th U. S. A. Infantry and a host of others, toe numerous to mention. AH are 3greed that Governor Frank O. Lowden is the man best fitted te make the saerifiee aad serve his countrymen as President ef the United States. Do you knew some of these meal Don't you agree with as that their judgment is worthy of the most favor able consideration? If so, tell your neighbor that he eaa only serve him self by serving his country ia this, its gravest crisis, by famishing it with a real man for President; one that has demonstrated his ability to manage the affairs of the nation economically, ex pediously and honorably, to the inter est of all the people, and that man is the Hon. Frank O. Lowden. Masque of Colored America at Orchestra Hall.' Orchestra Mall was packed from pitta-dome Wednesday evening with an enthusiastic audience of our represen tative jieople to witness "The Marque ef Catered America " as interpeted by James A. Muwly awl his famous chares of five hundred voices assisted by well known musical and dramatic artists of our race. With one excep tion the rhorues were compositions of Negro cowpo-ers, the opening number the Viking Song by S. Coleridge Tay lor was very effective and like all of this cowjtosers music was typia! of its name. Mrs. Blanche P. Dorsey in a clear high soprano full of sweetness and pathos led "By and Bye." and was ably supported by the well shaded chares. To my mind the Hext spiritual "Wade in the Water" was the wo-t effective chorus rendered. Mi-s Helen TawnJey Contralto led this verily you could hear the swish of the wafers, here too the Imss with their surging, swelling tide made the waves wore real awl the mournful minor key added te the realism. This half of the pro gram was farther enhawed by tho reading of "The 1.HWI of Beginning Again" by Miss Elsie Von Dickerson, awl three Songs by George JohnsoH, ,Lyrie Tenor, a favorite of Chicago music lovers. and The I tell Sen? from Jewjp who will be remembered' by many as the gold medalist. Class 1919 of The Chieago Musical College. Her rewlition of the Bell Song left nothing te be desired and she was encored to the echo and finally restonded with the well known Lil'Gal, here the plain tive sweetness of her voice made mani fest and the beautiful rhythm of this little gem of a song wa exquLsitely brought out by both singer ami ar romH(Hist. The chorus rendered The Hallelujah Chorus from The Messiah ss a grand finale to their part of tho program and were fomtl to repeat the entire chorus so great ia the ap plause. In the Interim. Mr. II. A. Crawford director of Athletics of the Y. M. C. A. Wabash Ave. Branch dem onstrated with his team of young boys that we are not neglecting the physical training of our youths. Hxerri-e for strength, agility, grace, symmetry were shown and we cannot doubt that we will continue : in the past te semi Binga Desmonds, Sam Ransoms, etc. to make a name for us in the athletic fields, as in all ether fields and these boys have the advantage ef early and Kystematie training. The Masque ef Colored America was as its name implies ia pageant form awi was admirably planned te portray four episodes in the history of the Negro, covering the periods 1619-1S12. 1S12-1S05, 1S&M919 awl the fourth ep isode the War for Democracy. I should like to see this pageant presented un der better conditions. tThe costume were very pretty awl well suited to the characters QueeH Candace was h Oriental dream and her retinae, a faatasy ef eeeideatal splendor, the tableaux were very good, especially ene presented by the Girl's Patriotic Service League, but the long waits between appearances ef the characters was tiresome to the audience and Mrs. Fannie Hall Clint who acted as an nouncer was finally forced te ask the indulgence of the audienee ea account of the erowded conditions behind the stage. But unfortunately an audience is net inclined to be over indulgent atfer ten thirty p. m. aad is went te say "Te do or not to do that is the question." The musical numbers ef the Diffendaffer Trio ia "On the Plan tation rivaled their former hit ia "A Night with tho Negro" and the quar tet, "We'll Keep Okl Glery Flying" by fear little beys, Nathaniel and Edward Collier, Theodore Greea aad Wm. Schaekleferd was a distiset sur prise to most of the audience. The Collier boys responded te. two encores and certainly give premise ef a great future. Little Carol Chilton ia Terp siehereaa Fantasies also gives prom ises of a great future and with the proper training will some day make a name for herself and race. Tho audteuee jeiRed ia singing The Star Spangled Banner awl another spoke was adtted ia the wheel ef raee loyalty awl raee Hatty. A SNAP SHOT OF NEGRO PRO GRESS. By Dr. M. A. Majors. The streets are full ef peoplo at rj"th awl State. Most any hour of day or night the great outdoor crowds are to be een by, doing much to make life cheerful for the other fellow, nere al.-o may be -een the blind and the cripple who know how to capitalize their misfortunes. Chiefly many of the railroad men gather te meet old friends and while away the joyful hour of rest from busy grind. But they all seem happy awl full of talk. Com! I this malestrom of hHmnnity be made into a race drama, er mevie pic ture, it would pres-nt indeed a grand scene. In the vinicity are three fine drug stores, twe thh by eur people, two thetrtrcs, a number of billiard parlors, two Greek fuit awl candy stores, one .egro csndy store, we leading cafe, owned by a colored gentleman, two photograph galleries, a number of Ne gre doctors and dentists, a few law yers, ew employment bureaH and a number of verv fine barber shops, sev .traLs)MtA still ewnu and setKg soft driHke, a Turkish bath, and here and there a tailor shop. This is indeed the busiest district en the South Side, if we except possibly Halsted and 63rd streets. Fortunes are being made, as people hereabout, night and day, have money to spend. ReHt is very high, and it is some wender that eur people occupy some of the very choke business places, all of whieh shows that we are making progress. Four of these ex cellent buildings are owned by Negroes. A block south is one bank and Teal estate office that does big business, whilo a little nearer is a building and loan associatiea operated by colored men, a music studio, a leading Hospital where Negro surgeons operate, and nurses are being trained, a news stand, book store awl haberdashery, and one colored bakery. And just north of 35th street are real estate, hair stores, fur niture, drug stores, tailors, undertak ers, in fact every line of mercantile business and a colored bakery. We looked upoa this busy mart of trade awl bustle -with deep contempla tion. Here is evidence, we said, of sober, serious, earnest, worth while activity. We thought, too, of our newspapers, our magazines, and our art galleries, and musie stores, eur millin ery stores, and it made us proud. Proud to see all this earnest ewleavor, and it caused us to reflect deeply. Philosophy crept into our sober re flection. Some day we will have homes, well kept, daughters soothed aad sus tained by business success; sons whose fathers taught them ia the devious ways ef mercantile life, awl busiaess. Some day much of this rented property will belong to Negroes, and more busi ness and larger business will be done by Negroes and for Xegroes. Yes, we are rising, awl who eaa guess what the result ef all this will be 7 Oae thing is certain, we are sure te enjoy a larger life, a surer life, aad a nobler one. We mast make eur own cash registers jingle. "We are te live, and not to die. Gladder to live and flourish in the active world, aad not te die just fer the sake ef going to heaven. The new Negre k at the helm. The store, the effce awl the shop, aad trade, and making life sweet, aad Sua day fer ehareh, the spiritual life aad rest. But we must work, we mast make, we must sell, and we must buy of our ewa business people. Then will come that joy of having only those who have eaa understand. Then will come to the race that r'espeet and seri ous regard of sober humanity. People will know that we are no different in the far reaches of aebility even with, a black complexion. "We are doing things now for sure, and we will continue to do things..