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The broad ax. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1895-19??, April 09, 1921, Image 1

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No. 23.
S.JiiE3PJfS- -
3 -' - . ,; ;"
" 5'-3fc5. r- "
Twelve So-Called White American Citizens Serving as Jurors in the
Criminal Court of Cook County, After Solemnly Swearing that They
On the trial of George Blum, charged
-with raping Louisa Jackson, a small 12-year-old
colored girl, before Judge "Wil
liam E. Dever, of the Criminal Court,
& jury consisting "wholly of white" men,
after deliberating several hours, was
discharged as a hung jury by Judge
Devcr, after the jury told the Judge
that it was impossible for them to
-agree. - '',
The evidence introduced by Assistant
State's Attorney Charles C. Boo showed
that Louisa Jackson a little colored
.girl, 12 years of age,who- lives at 633
West 73rd street, and "who on the day
of the attack lived at 748 East 45th
itreet, was sent by her mother to a
drug store about ,8:30 o 'clack on the
night of April 16, 1930. Aa -tie child
was passing along the west sidewalk
of Cottage Grove avenue, between 44th
and 45th streets, a -white man grabbed
her by the hand, pulled her into a-dark
alley -way, stuek his handkerchief in
her mouth and raped Tier. He threat-
-enedfo kffl'her'ifftheJnoH'aayose?
After she was permitted, to leave' she
ran home and told her "mother all about
the affair. She was bleeding and her
clothes were torn and underwear torn,
and the mother immediately ook her
to Dr. H. B. Williams, 4456 Cottage
Grove avenue, colored, who examined
her and found that she had been raped.
On the next morning the Bother and
the little girl called again at Dr. Wil
hiras' office about 9 o'clock, and while
little Louisa was looking out of the
window she identified the man who had
Wl-a V li- - rt trlA Tiyfafcl
..(. U, U,i J GF4 W - --O '
aide of his face. She .pointed him out
to her mother and her - mother and
Louisa started after the" 'man. They
met Officers John B. Barrett and .Ed
ward Gavin, and Blum was arrested op
posite the pool room of Patrick JL (Jar
roll, at 730 East 45th street, where ho
was hiding behind a -wagon. The evi
dence showed that ia. the alleyway
where the attack took place there were.
imprints the next morning, of the toes
of the shoes of the man and the-place
where the little girllay'oa the ground.
Her identification of Blum, was- estab
lished beyond a doubt, .ancV-Dr. Clara
Seipel of the City'PhyMciaas office,
testified at the triaf concerning her
The defense was an alibi, and they
pat en Mat Guerin, 4543 Cottage Grove
avenue, who testified that the defend
ant, George Blum, was in the Kenwood
Garage at 8:10 o'clock and left there
eted "With. T-hciagm Large
Hampton Institute Andienco Pro
grasi Is Well Balanced.
Hampton. Va The :Sfth concert in
tte Hampton Institute scries, "arrangedJ
y it. Aathaniel Dctt, which was ield
Ogden Hall, attracted .- large, and"
appreciative audience. The Howard
ftuverdty Glee nb of Washington,
" C, gave a recital under the direct.
a of Boy W. Ebbs, whois professor
pianoforte and organ :At Howard,
was assisted ly Marian Anderses,
tt wdl-known and accomplished col
J contralto of Philadelphia. ,
e Glee CInb selections -were sang
ah wonderful restraint- lasi Jaii
men had good ToiaeVfaaa," with
excellent director, gavo a. series
HL8280118 of CblendgerTaylor'a
vng Song," Cadman's "PrflBtie
were Free from Race Prejudice, Absolutely Refused to Convict
a'; white Man Charged With Raping a Little Twelve e
for his supper at that lime, Patrick
A. Carroll, 730 East. 45th street, the
owner of the pool, room, stated tha the
defendant lived, in the basement of an
old house and. frequented his pool
room a great deal, and that ho was
Jpresent at his arrest. C E. Stone, 4430
Drexel boulevard, the proprietor -of the
Terrenee Garage, stated that. one of
their, trucks broke down that they had
at the 47th street dump and that the
defendant, with, other hnen, was sent
out to the dump to pull the ear in and
that he, the defendant,-remained in the
garage working continuously from 6
p. m. until 10 p. nt, excepting for a
short time when tho -defendant went
out for his supper, at about 8 o'clock.
There were several other men who said
they worked at the garage with the
defendant, but when Assistant State's
Attorney Charles C. Eoe, got through
with these men on his cross-examination,
he proved that none of them could
testify positively that the defendant
left the garage and have committed
this crime. Mr. Boe?s speech to the
jury in breaking down the alibi of the
defendant showed the character, of the
men who testified; the facVthat they
all admitted that they hung around the
pool room with the defendant; the fact
that the -defendant himself was an ha
bitual drinker; that ..he had been mar
ried and was not living with Ms wife,
and -that he lived in a basement of an
old house for which ne paid no rent)
& nded to prove beyond question of
3 Ui At- 0A
Mr. Boe called the attention of the
jury to the fact that they had promised
him that they would not allow any race
prejudice to interfere with their judg
ment in the ease, and each, of the men
on the jury .had. sworn sunder oath that
they would notr and yet, in spite
of this fact, the jury, it is said, voted
9 to 3 for conviction on the first vote,
and the other three held out to tho end
and hung the jury. After the jury had
been discharged by Judge Dever, As
sistant State's Attorney Boe comment
ed upon their action in no --uncertain
terms when he denounced the men on
the Qxaj who had. lied to him in order
to get upon .the jury for tho express
purpose of preventing the conviction of
a white man for attacking a little col
ored girl Assistant State's Attorney
Boe has long been known ns a friend
of the race and a fearless advocate of
popfilar "Winter Song," Bogcrs 'But
They Didnt," I)udley Buck's rOn the
Sea" Burleigh, aDeep Bivcr," Pro
thero's "CastiDa" and "Do Sand
Man," nadV finaDy, thaEowanl Una
Mater Song. Some fine, solo work waa
shown in Comb's "Hor Bose,"
Harry T. Burleigh's aont Alston Bur
leigh of Howard, recited two .of Bobcrt
W. Service's well-known poems "The
Cremation of Bam Magee' 'and "The
BftHaa of Soulful Sam" to tho delight
of faer audience.
Marian Anderson "sang with .sincere
feeling. Her atage presence was dig
nified and sraeeful. She aang with
ease -and flexibility of voice TBchai
kowskyii "Aiieu Porests,"
Taylor's Songa ef Son ana Shade,
B Nathaniel Dett'a "Soelodyj
Kaockiag at Your Door" ana "Ia. So
Glad Trwible PoVUt Alway,"
IwaU aa f oar esearcs. Jier -;-
m xeaatkably cwar. er p r
were a true as ifrOouer tai W
As one of
By 1L A. 3Iajors.
Do yon ever study yourself, reader t
Do you ever resort tb the microscope
for close up inspection f Have you ro
ally learned how to see your real self,
free from bias, and without selfiahneaat
You know.it is" a good thing to practice
honesty, that it is always the best pol
icy. If you have, the faults that you
criticize in others you are not true to
yourself. If you give such persons a
bad name, yon are writing yourself
down in the same column.
After all, inost of us are intensely
human, and if you live in a glass house.
yoU should not throw stones. Of course
there is a bit of good in ail oi us.
Evil covers ,& wider territory uau
goodness. If this is true, it is never
theless unfortunate. Much of the good
we see is the result of having good
thoughts, and much of the evil that
trickles through our minds comes from
looking harshly and without mercy on
what one sees.
The world is not bo bad, if we would
have it good, and look always on the
bright side of things. Truth is open
and bold. Wrong has its cunning, de
ception and secrets. When wo find
people showing a certain cunning, and
resorting to secrecy to hide and cover
up.4hero is something to cover up. It
is always a good idea to portray the
noblest nature. If ono represents the
doctrine of decency and respectability
he should not dissemble. A light is
never to be put under the bcd-ut on
a high place. Truth is tho high place
in our lives; decency is the acme, of our
attainments; character is ujo "
hoia of humanity. Frequently we see
these qualities where we do not look
forihem. Our implies are no ovi
deneca of our. just spirit. We are ca
pricious beings and often our impulses
r . .. .... a -.'.i. We are luck-
nu&oirecE mm ", -- -
iv CTOwine intelligent and as we -..
to eee the light of life we -become com
pUccnt .Si-SSn1
we grow into loosm W "
the analytical mind Sua eye. If
lau ; . -.. v.nmA taerci-
were Once merciless, ; ; --
foL ana our finer sense urou
reason why eflta ia, a -;
K is B0t fair to ourselves for us to
eial priae in her P- J"?
., .-nr 3 Oltm Ckb aaa WiHiaa
En for Marian i8-aaea to.
Old Colored Girl
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mmmmmmmmg9aJmW-KWKKKMwWKWtMMmKMKKMi VHbV'' -bbbbbbbVbbbVbhbbH
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the able Assistant State's Attorneys of Cook
County, he firmly believes that it is his solemn duty to vigor
ously prosecute all criminals or violators of die law to the bitter
end, and he deserves to be highly commended for honestly en
deavoring to land a white man behind the prison bars at Joliet,
EL, for raping a little twelve-year-old- Colored girL
carry the yard stick and tape measure
to measure others. We are .not ap
pointed judge, and no jury on charac
ter or religion has ever been empan
nelcd. The kindly spirit of Christ
teaches us not to cast stones. Of
course environment docs its work. If
our surroundings have been good or bad
in cither ease it 'is sure to exert its po
tency. Occasionally a person with a
good environment will go on the rocks
of disappointment, while on the other
hand a person with a bad environment
will burst all the bauds of hopelessness
and rise to a superior qualification, and
Wo are to marshal all of our forces
of goodness, and let its potency shine
in the lives wo sustain.
We are to stop being too critical and
leave fault-finding behind us. We aro
to appreciate the good in each of us,
and help those to rise out of the en
vironments that are not healthful.
The beautiful things are to be treas
ured. We must not loso sight of the
fact that our traditions reach as far
back as Memphis and Cairo, further
back than Solomon and the Queen of
Sheba, and remember that poots still
sing of the beauty of Cleopatra, the
black "Noreessus.
The first of this week Attorney Pat-
trick H. CDonncll, who has a stronger
following among all classes of Amer
ican citizens, than possibly any other
nonholding public official, received a
telegram from President Warren G.
Harding, notifying him that he had
been selected as a member of the coun
try wide Citizens Committee to render
assistance to Chinese afiKcted with the
distressing conditions- of famine in
Mr. Oltonnell delivered many bril
liant speeches in. all parta of this coun
try in tho interest of the election of
President Harding in 1B20.
CrTftrBT-Tg y"-KJ'-Springficia,
HL Dorsey Chamblias,
colored, a former Chicago policeman,
was denied a writ of habeas corpus by
the Supreme Court April . He is serv
ing sentence for the abduction of Ber
tha. Wiebeck, a white .girl, who applied
to him. as A polkeaufflfer direetiess.
The SapreBW. CoW-diraeted that the
proper tte ru f '& ? k
By Dr. Majors.
The welfare of the race is growing in
spirit and letters and a sincerity is urg
injr us upward toward the noblest
things of life. We cannot too soon
throw off the last vestage of lethargy
tllat has blighted our progress.
It is indeed a very encouraging sign
when wo hear the ministers of our
churches lay stress upon the material
things that everywhere and in every
way peculiarly concern us as a poor
The crown of glory, and the long
white robes and golden streets are al
ready prepared for the faithful and we
wont be able to wear our golden crown
here in this vale of tcara, but wo are
compelled to look after the temporal
wants of the body in spite of our saint-
liness. It would do well to copy after
the good graces of the people who take
serious cognizance of tho almighty dol
lar, and who have a way of putting a
few of these friendly dollars away for
a rainy day.
This docs not mean that we are to
loso Bight of the spiritual needs. We
can never in our best frame fully dis
charge1 our debt to our Maker.
But strive as we may we may never
over supply our very pressing needs. A
hungry man thinks more seriously of
hi stomach than anything else, and it
is very important that he realize the
great need of keeping his reserve force
in repair, in. order that ho may truth
fully entertatin the preachments of a
better life.
Our material well-being is most ad
mirable, and we should strive to grow
stronger in the respect and confidence
of the people all about us. A good
name is an appraisal that attract at
tention. No friend is so true as a dol
lar or two. Worth makes the man and
religion has no rating in . the. stock
market. ""We reap our joys in the bye
and bye, by what wo sow today," in
the language of Bert Williams. Sugar,
meat, eggs and potatoes have their rela
tive xalues and it one works and taxes
he need not bo hungry. But dressing
well, and setting a fine table aro merely
tho frailest attributes of people of
sterling worth. Wo should add to the
enjoyments of living by the aeeompliah
aent of great good ia the world. If
wo do Bot-beaatify ota.cavironmeat
aad maka then iappyr ,rt'JPt
atteaqrtetioJrrtleweaofflTfcg. -
caliTO ia.
our Droas-
The Home of Mr. and
Mrs. Oscar DePriest
3815 Vernon Avenue,
the Colored District, Bombed and Damaged
to the Extent of Two Thousand Dollars
At the very best of it the Colored
people, from the highest to tho lowest,
are beginning to have a very hard time
of it here in old Chicago, which has for
all the years which have como and
gone been the haven of rest for at
least that class of Colored people who
endeavored to be somebody, to acquire
homes and other property, and walk
upright and to becomo law-abiding and
respected tax-paying and property-own-,
ing citizens. However, such is not the
ease at the present time, for now if
Colored people strive to own their
homes and reside peaceably in them
they aro bombed and driven out of
them, and in some instances attempts
have been made to burn their homes
down over their heads while they were
sleeping soundly in the dead hours of
the night.
On tho other hand if Colored people
fail to attempt to buy property and
provide themselves with homes of their
own then they are severely condemned
on the part of the vast majority of the
whites, who instantly brand the Col
ored people as tramp or vagabonds,
and that they are highly deserving of
being cuffed and kicked about like so
many worthless dags by those belong-J
ing to the so-called superior race.
Let us take the case of former Al
derman De Priest. Less than two
years ago he bought a three-flat build
ing at 3700 Ellis avenue, which is at
this time almost in the heart of the
so-called "Black Belt," for Colored
people reside all up and down Cottage
Grove avenue and all around and about
3700 Ellis avenue, and it must be re
membered that 3700 Ellis avenue is
two blocks north of tho dead line which
has been established at 39th street by
the head officials of the Kenwood and
Hyde Park Property Owners' Associa
tion, and it is liable to mean instant
death to any Colored man or woman
who may attempt to buy a home and
locate south of that dead line. i
It seems that at the time that Mr.
De Priest bought the three-flat building
at 3700 Ellis avenue, that the apart
ments were occupied by white tenants
aad they remained in it until several
months ago; then two of tho tenants
ealled on Mr. Do Priest and informed
him that the tenant on the third floor
was a very bad actor; that he was sell
ing moonshine whisky at all times both
day and night; a large crowd of both
wild eyed men and women were run
ning up and down tho steps after the
moonshine whisky. Upon tbat state
ment Mr. De Priest notified tho unde
sirablo tenant to vacate the flat, and
then tho flat was vacant for more than
one month as no whites wanted to live
in it owing the fact that they would
com in contact with too many Colored
people in that neighborhood.
- Then Mr. Do PriesC decided to rent
his flat to a deeent colored family and
shortly after doing so a committee of
white jrentlcmen ealled on Mr. Do
Priest to enter their bitter protest to
him for presuming to rent his own flat
building to colored pcoplo but Mr. De
Priest being at homo siek that day it
failed to connect up with him .a, few
days after thai time Dr. Boscnberg,
spirit of Christ makes many things pos
sible in our dairy Uvea, without which
we would be merely miserable creatures
of the vilest eireum stances.
The race's strong hold on the hu
mane forces of mankind is his behex
in God and its simple attributes.
Now we are struggling to throw oK
tho ignorance of the centuries, and be
ginning to stand -creel and to think
seriously and soberly on the problems
of Kfe and living.
For CMeago Branch of the N- A. A. ef
Coterea People. ' -".,
- Ber. John 'HayaesTHolmes of Hew.
Right In the Heart of
who resides in a small house at 3702
Ellis avenue, called on Mr. Do Priest
for the sole purpose of warning him
no to rent his building to colored peo
ple and Dr. Boscnberg, who claims that
he is an Irishman and a Roman Catho
lic, offered to lease tho whole building
from Mr. De Priest for a number of
years. Mr. Do Priest informed him
that ho was not responsible, he would
not rent his building to him, that his
building was in good condition, that it
brought in in rent one hundred and'
sixty-five dollars per month and that
he would sell it to him for ten thousand
dollars. Dr. Boscnberg stated that ho
did not want to buy it then Mr. De
Priest requested him to go plumb to the
devil, that he had no time to waste on y
As Dr. Bosenberg left Mr. De
Priest's office he intimated that in some
way or other that Mr. De Priest would
hear from somebody later on, and Mon
day evening at 1130 o'clock while Mr.
and Mrs. De Priest and all the mem
bers of their household were fast asleep,
Mr. Do Priest received his answer from
Dr. Bosenberg and his friends in the
way of a bomb; they would -cot bomb
Mr. De Priest's flat building at 3700
Ellis avenue, as Dr. Bosenberg lives
next door to it and no doubt the bomb
would have damaged his little old
cheap house; so the bombers sought out
the home of Mr. De Priest right in a
district which is wholly occupied by
colored people, the bomb damaged Mr.
De Priest's homo to the extent of two
thousand dollars and as the window
lights were broken out of all the build
ings or an entire block around it even
on Grand boulevard it can be readily
seen that tho damage to property in
that district will run up to thousands
and thousands of dollars.
Dr. M. J. Brown was at the Port
Dearborn Hospital conversing with
Miss A. V. Carlson, Superintendent, 'at
the time of tho explosion and the force
of itwas so great that it raised him clear
up from tho floor where he was stand
ing, turning him completely around and
almost causing his heart to stand still
and for a few moments he thought that
the wholo world had suddenly como to
an end.
After Dr. Brown had recovered from
tho terrible shock which he Jiad sus
tained he rushed out into the street
and ran right into two- or three white
men who were getting ready to drive
away in their machine but Dr. Brown
did not realize that they had bombed
tho home of Mr. De Priest which is
about- one hundred feet north of the "
hospital, then Dr. Brown ran north to
the home of Mr. Do Priest and he was-
among the first persons to assist to re
move the family from the basement.,
and get them to a safe place.
If tho bombers can successfully mako
their get away after bombing the home.
of Mr. De Priest, they are liable at anjr"
time to return and bomb the Loiaos.of
other colored people residing in strictly
colored districts; so Mr. De Priest and
his friends should spend twenty-five to
fifty thousand dollars in an effort to
run the bombers down or shoot them
down like so many mad dogs.
York City will address a General Trains .
ing Conference and Educational Meetr'"
ingof tho Chicago Branch, National AV
soeiation for the Advancement of Col
ored People, at Wendell Phillips High
School, 39th street and Forest avenue,
Friday, April 15th, at 8 p. m. Judge
Edward Osgood Brown, President' of
tho Chicago Branch, will presides. .
This joint assembly ofLeaptains,.
lieutenants and "workers from all- see-,V,
tions of the eity precedes the formal , '
opening of tho V A. A. C. P. 1921 mem-
bership drive. The Chicago quota-Us
10,000 memberships. r
A few musical numbers will be on
tho program.. Koeollectibni .cash or
subscriptions, wifl-be takengQg.'No re
served scats. Doors". opeaafHiif
lJM S '
- iT rsassBS " '"l
a of the RW Tr, -w.4,M .a
ana keia -tta g"8 jiap T"-:
theBaeeeaior xe 3 ----7T
C" - Jf - -
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, - -' -.--- -----

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