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CHICAGO, IUL, SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1922 2. v : J t s , & I - c $r tTHE BROAD AX PabKshed Every Saturday - t't , 4- In this city .since July 15th, 1899. , without missing- one single issue. Re . publicans, Democrats, Catholics, Pro testants, Single Taxers. Priests, infi--dels or anyone elsefean iave their say as-long' as their language is proper -- and responsibility is fixed. ' The Broad Ax Is atnewspaper whose r latfornris broad enough 'for all, ever --claiming the dit6rial right to speak its own mind. v Local communications will receive ittention. Wtite?pnly on. one sir": of ihe paper. Subscriptions must be paid in ad- One' Year ii. ...... $2.00 .l"Six' Months S1.00 Advertising rates made known on .' application. Address all communication to (THE BROAD AX '" 6206 So. Elizabeth St, Chicago, 111. Phone Wentworth 2597 JULroS F. TAYLOR Editor and Publisher Associate Editor DR. M. A. MAJORS 4700 South State Street Phone Drexel 1416 May 13, 1922 VoL XXVII. No. 34 Watered as Second-Class Matter, Aug. i9, 1902. at the Post Office at Chicago, -IVL Under Act of March 8, 1879. HOWARD UNIVERSITY IS MECCA OF EDUCATIONAL LIFE AT THE NA TIONAL CAPITAL Washington, D. C Distinguished educators who come to Washington almost daily visit the campus of the Howard University. Many of these are national and international char acters. The faculty and student body of the University, therefore, have am ple opportunity to come into contact with educational forces of outstanding importance. Nearly every educational pilgrim to the National Capital seems to make it his duty to visit Howard. Recent- visitors to the University v- have been Dr. Tetsujiro Inouye, mem ber of the Imperial Academy, and Professor of Philosophy in the Im perial University, Tokyo, Japan; Prof. T. Isbimura, of the Imperial Univer sity, Tokyo, Japan; Mr. Hachiro Arita, First Secretary f the Japanese .. .Embassy; Dr. Helen L. Young, Teacher of Modern European History, Hunter College, New York Gty.and many others. Aside from these edu- . cational visitors, many other impor tant persons constantly visit the uni versity. " f Howard University will be the gath enng place of a host of graduates, former students, parents and visiting friends for the coming Commence ment Week, June 4th to 9th. Plans have been made for a program of in terest to all for the entire week. Nearly three hundred students will receive degrees in Medicine, Law, Re ligion, Music, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and in the Collegiate Courses the largest class to be graduated from a university of colored collegiate and professional students. bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbpISbbbbbbbbbbI BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBflBBBBBBBBP BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBh BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBa BBBEBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBn BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBf Vt 3fc BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBU BBpBBBBBBBpBpBpMHR &?, lBBBBBBBl BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBO BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBHl bbbbbbbbbeSbbBbiII - bbbbbbbbI IIHBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBEBnOBBBBBBBBBBBl BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBW BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBRBeBBEB9BBBBBT toss. BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBI HbBBBBBbHb9BBBBbBb2 W. :' - "': jdBBBBBBBBi SBBBBBBBHSBa: ' r ;.i9BBBBBBBBl BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBb1bBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBEBBBBBBBBBI iJsBHBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBH BBBWaVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBmBBBERBK " 'f'BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBH HBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBHBBBBBlelflBBBBBBBBBBBBBB ;' ' 'SbBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBb! JH9H9KBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBgl4 ' SBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBbH BBBBBBJBBBBJBBBJBBBBJBBBBBBBBBBBHBJBJBhS ItSF -fBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBl "fBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBHBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBKtrBam 3BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBb1 iBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBaBBBlBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBHaBaaaaBt-g .PHlBBgMBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBl .BBBBBIBlBBIBBBBBfllBF "SiBBBBBflBBBBBIBHl bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbI HON, WILLI Attorney for the Board of Education for the City of Chicago, Committeeman of the Old Third Ward, Who Has Bees Hacded Several Indictments . by the Cook County Grand ijta-y for Being Mixed Up Some Way or Other in the Pw- ckase of Some Property to Be Used for School Purposes. IBBBKSwSffHijBffl bbbbbbbr1vbbbbbbbbbbb flBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBMBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBb- TflTflBSBflBEBBBBBBBBBEl HON. JAMES W. BREEN First Assistant Corporation Counsel of Chicago, and at the present time acting mayor, and he is handling all of the affairs of its citizens right up to snuff HOWARD CLASS '17 TO CELE BRATE "STAR" 'YEAR AT COMMENCEMENT Washington, D. C The Class of 1917 of Howard University has issued a call to its members to return to the University during the coming Com mencement to celebrate its "Star" year. ' Plans for its reunion are being formulated by its president, Percival R. Piper, now located at Detroit, Michigan; Mrs. T. Etna Nutt Walker, of Canton, Ohio; and Miss Elsie H. Brown, Chairman of the Program Committee, of Washington, D. C. In urging the return of their class mates for their Fifth Anniversary, letters have been sent to every mem ber of the Class. Enthusiastic re sponses have been received and it is expected that nearly every member of the Class of 1917 will return to his Alma Mater for the coming Com mencement season. FREEDHEN'S HOSPITAL NURSES HOLD GRADUATION EXERCISES AT HOWARD UNI VERSITY Washington, D. C The Frced- men's Hospital Training School for Nurses held its graduation exercises for the Class of 1922 in the Andrew Rankin Memorial Chapel of the How ard University Tuesday evening. May 2, 1922. Dr. William Pickens deliv ered an address to the seventeen grad uates and Dr. J. Stanley Durkee, Pres ident of the Howard University, pre sented the diplomas. The importance of the work of the Freedmen's Hospital Training School is becoming more widely recognized by the fine record of service being rendered in the various sections of the country by its graduates. This year's class roll shows something of the large territory likely to be covered by the graduates of the school. Those receiving diplomas were: Misses Eva Dc Russc Jones; Ken tucky; Fern Vallery Thomas, Ohio; Lucy Caper Epps, Virginia; Lucy Al berta Dabney, Virginia; Francis P. Sampson. North Carolina; Ruth Ma rion Garrett, Texas; Alicne Beatrice Carrington, Virginia; Martha Robelia Hilton, Virginia; Frances Marquette AM A. BITHER Littlejohn, California; Gwendolyn Mac Dawson, Kentucky; Mildred Louise Thompson, Rhode Island; Charlotte Olivia Hubert, California; Ella Louise Warwick, Alabama; Agnes M. Henry, New Jersey; Gladys Louise Catchings, Georgia; Helen Edwadina Goins, Pennsylvania: Louise Hinkson, Penn sylvania. Dr. E. D. Williston presided as Master of Ceremonies, being present ed by Dr. W. A. Warfield, Surgeon in Chief of Frccdmcn's. MASSACHUSETTS OFFICIALLY ASKS LODGE, TO ACT ON DYER BILL Both Branches of Legislature Pass Resolutions on Dyer Anti-Lynching BuX Sec of State of Mass. to Send Resolutions to Judiciary Committee and to Vtce-Pres. Coolidge MASS. SENATE URGES U. S. SENATE TO PASS MEASURE (Boston Post, May 9, 1922) The State Senate, following the ex ample set by the House of Represen tatives on Monday, yesterday by an overwhelming vote passed a resolu tion urging the United States Senate to pass a bill making mob murder and lynching a crime against the federal government. The resolution calls for the speedy enactment of the Dyer bill now before Congress and reads in part as follows: "The General Court of Massachusetts respectfully urges upon the United States Senate and its judiciary com mittee the speedy enactment of the Dyer anti-lynching bill, so-called, al ready passed by the House of Repre sentatives by an overwhelming major ity, and designed to end lynching by making mob murder a crime against the federal government." The National Equal Rights League and others petitioneddhe State Legis lature to urge the United States Sen ate to pass this bill.. On Monday the House of Representatives of this State passed the resolutions and yesterday the State Senate also passed them. (Boston Herald, May 8, 1922) There was an echo of Wednesday's debate on lynching in the Senate yes terday, when Senator Wadlcigh of Merrimack, sought to overturn the favorable majority given the resolu tions in favor of the Dyer Anti-lynch ing bill. The senator read a section of the Dyer bill, now before the Unit ed States Senate, which imposes a fine of $10,000 on a county, city or town where a lynching takes place, and said that under such a provision inno cent people would suffer for the acts of a few, The Senate, however, re fused to reconsider its action. The Bostori" branch of the League is now getting signatures to a petition to be presented to Senator Lodge, asking: him as Republican leader to call a party caucus and through it to urge that the Dyer bill be reported out of committee and acted upon before Congress adjourns. NEGRO, ILLITERACY, NORTH AND SOUTH Reduced Twenty Per Cent During Last Decade. Washington, D. C (Special to the Broad Ax). The public schools of the South are making progress jn eliminating illiteracy among the Ne groes. The 1920 census showed about 300,000 less colored illiterates than that of 1910. In 1910 the percentage of colored illiteracy in the South was 33.3. In 1920 it had dropped to 2&3. This leaves L753.00O Negroes who cannot write. Georgia has the greatest number of these illiterates 261,115, a percentage of 29.L Louisiana with 206,720, had the highest percentage of illiteracy, CHARLES E. "BETTER" STUMP, THE REGULAR TRAMPING OR TRAV ELINGCORRESPONDENT FOR THE BROAD AX, HAD A WONDERFUL TIME WHILE ATTENDING THE RACE CONGRESS AT WASHING TON, D. C. Washington, D. C The 7th annual session of the National Race Con gress of America has passed into his tory, and the people arc much better off for having attended it, and I have been raised a few pegs' higher in civilization, and have been shouting ever since I have been here. This has been really a National meeting and almost international, for I have met men from Africa, one man from In dia, and then they were here from all narfe n( tlio rnimtrv. and it SCCttlS tO me that the people will never get through praising Dr. W. H. Jcrnagin, the president for the heroic work he is doing here for his own race, saying j nothing about mine. It is not a boy's job to meet this race discrimination, race prejudice, race hatred, race antipathy or any thing else that is connected with race. You must just keep your thinking cap on all the time and keep your think tank in operation to keep from run ning over at the mouth. Believing, that something should be done to help in this mighty uplift problem. Dr. W. H. Jernagin seven years ago called together the leaders men who were the thinkers of the race, and told them why they should have a great organization looking- for ward to the protection of the race, and believe me. they agreed with him, hence the organization was formed, and Dr. Jernagin was the first presi dent, and Bishop I. N. Ross, vice president. Wonderful has been the progress made from time to time, and the scope of work has been made wider and wider, until it is extending into almost every phase of racial life. Before telling you all I have in mind to say this week, I want to pay my respects to Dr. W. H. Jernagin, presi dent of the- Congress and pastor of the Mt. Carmel Baptist Church. He is a native of Mississippi, and served his early life .down there in the swamps, preparing for bigger things. He got a vision down there. He had seen men of his race go to the top and then brought down at the mouth of a shotgun. He had seen James Hill, secretary of state; Blanche K. Bruce, and Hiram Revels, United States Senators well he had just seen. He saw them out, and he be lieves that Negroes are going back into Congress and other places where man is required. From Mississippi, with a large fam ily, wife and four girls, he found his way to Oklahoma where he was called to take charge of a large church, and at the same time to get some more vision, some more information and in spiration, and with all this in him, he was one day notified that he had been called to the Mt. Carmel Baptist Church a little church and small membership, but bless your soul, honey, it is now one of the largest churches in the city with a fine build ing, large membership and an aggres sive pastor. This young man took hold of the opportunity before him, and you may bet your head to a ginger cake that he took hold of it in many ways, espe cially in the bringing together the Race Congress, for this is doing some real constructive work. But now, I want to dive right into one of the things that it has done, because I think you should have the direct information. One day, when Dr. Jernagin was busy getting out a sermon for Sunday a man came to him and told him that he saw a woman crying, because one son had been lynched between Warrenton and Norlina, North Carolina, and the other who had escaped to Canada had been arrested, and would be brought back to this country and lynched also. Dr. Jernagin got upIaid his gospel aside and rushed to the human cry, believ ing that lie would be doing the "will of his 'Lord and Master. As soon as he got the particulars, he got in telegraphic communication with lawyers over yonder in Canada, told him or them to take charge of the case, and the National Race Congress would be responsible. The fee was telegraphed to them, and the young man was turned loose to be re- 3JL5. Other states which ertt h-,,,- great masses of colored illiterates are Alabama, with 210,690, or 31.3 per cent, Mississippi, with 205.813. nr T0 1 per cent, and South Carolina with iji,4!, or 29.3 per cent Every Southern State hnwrl -. marked reduction in illitirarv fc. tween 1910 and 1920. Every North ern btate also showed a decrease. This would indicate that the Kmnei migrating were mostly able to read, otherwise they would have increased illiteracy in the North. The percen tage of illiteracy among Northern Ne groes is much less than among South ern Negroes, being 26 per cent in the South and eight per cent in the North. Jtvery boutnern btate also shows aC arrested. Additional counsel was em ployed and the Race Congress again advanced the money and bills were all paid. What money they did not have they borrowed. This is the organization that has had charge of the case, although it was said that there was another one who had charge and the Race Con gress was just a figurehead. I had heard all this, but when W. M. Bul lock, the father was introduced and told the story, my eyes were thrown wide open. He said: "I was down home, when I received a telegram from Dr. Jernagin to come to Washington at once. I did not know him, but I responded to the summon, and came right .on here. I then started for my home or the place where my son was. I got there among strangers, but was made to feel at home among the people, because they told mc that with a great organiza tion like that behind me, it was a good recommendation for both me and my son, and they were glad to have both of us there. "The only organization that has as sisted mc in this work, is the National Race Congress, and Dr. Jernagin feels to me like a father and this or ganization like a mother and I shall ever love, honor and respect this great organization, and will remain with it as long as I live. I thank all of you for what you have done for me." This was the father of Matthew Bullock, who is now somewhere and the K. K. K. declare that they are going to have him back here by June. Let us all watch, and I will bet my hat to a baseball bat that it will not take place. The National Race Congress was there with them. I heard Congress man Martin C. Ansorge, of the 21st District of New York. He is the man who appointed a young man of my race to the Naval Academy. He spoke right out in church, and while he had been criticised by the press, or some of the papers he had no apology to make. He had four appointments, and my people represented one-fourth of his district, he looked up the can didate appointed him.and it was not a political pledge. He is a great man. I will have to tell youother things. Believe me, honey, I have been do ing some riding, for I went way down to Montgomery, Ala, spent two nights in the city and returned to Washington, but I will be away from here when I write to you the next time. I have seen some of the repre sentative men here, and found Hon. P. W. Howard hammering away, and representing us up here as he did down in Mississippi. He is a great man and is doing great things. We are all going to now turn our attention to the other big things that are to be pulled off within the next weeks. The National Baptist Sunday School and B. Y. P. U. Congress will be in New Orleans, La., June 14, and I want to go there, and there I want to see some of them big Baptists. August 16 to 20 will be the meeting of the Allen Christian Endeavor Con vention in Chicago. Secretary S. S. Morris of Norfolk is as busy as can be getting things in line for this big meeting. Every young active worker in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, who can, will be there and they are going to have one more big time. The National Negro Business League will meet about the same time in Norfolk, Va., and this will be the business men, while the Christian peo ple will be looking after their part the L. .?.... ... . uuauicss men wm oe at work. Next will follow the National Bap- ust convention in Los Angeles, Calif., and I expect to be there, and I have been invited by Bishop W. A. Foun tain to attend the California confer ence, and I think I will do this also. I am going to see some country be fore I die unless I am called home soon. I will have before me all the particulars at an early date. I will have to bring this letter to a stop. I shall be delighted to hear from you another time. God bless you. CHARLES E. STUMP. marked increase in the proportion of Negro 'children in school. For the South as a whole slightly over half of the Negro children are reported in school, while in the North slightly over 60 per cent are in school BUILD COTTAGE Mr. and Mrs. Sterling Jenkins, 3725 Elmwood Ave., who purchased lots in Morgan Park, 112th Place-and May St., through the Bailey Realty. 'Co,, are building a five room cottage as their future home. ' ' , ' BH BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBr BBBBBI BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBRBBBBBH'L ""BBBBH '" flBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBHBr" SjkN5iBBBB '. bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbsbbbbbbbp VvJbbbbbbbbI bVI BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB?flBtBHaffli&w&8B9BaSB'i '5mB-PIHkX HBBBBBH BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBflBBBBKIflflBBflBBBBHP BBBBBBBbPC JbBBBBBbI BBBfll BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBmflRSBk 'CTrmWriSKWBsTWr V Jt ijvw XRSP v""?? OgrafafafOfJl Bra BBBBBBBBBBBBBBHhBBBBbSbBBBBW BBBBBBBBBBBPflBBBBBBBKflBBBBlBHBBBBanBflBBBl flBBBBBBBBBBBBBSBEBBBBBBBBBBBBBBk BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBuflBBBBBW?iBflBBHBBBBBBl BBBBBBBSSBBBBBBBav iiBBflBBflBSBBBBmBSBB kHsIbHbhHbH 91K9HbbbsbHBmEB3 sLLVLLLLLLELLLLLLLfltilLLlBLLLLHLLHk LLLy-4vk4, s ilLLLLLLLI b HON. PATRICK J. CARR The Popular Treasurer of Cook County, Who Has Been Work ing Lately, Night and Day, to See to It That Each and Every Citizen Has a Chance to Pay Their Taxes Without Bern Robbed by Holdup Men. BIG TRACK AND FIELD MEET TO OPEN ARMSTRONG FIELD On May 20 Leading Negro Athletes Will Compete for Honors at Hampton Institute GIFT OF HAMPTONIANS R. Earl Johnson and William Parker Will Take Part in Invitation Races By CHARLES H. WILLIAMS Hampton, Va. On Saturday, May 20, the institutions composing the Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Asso ciation of the Middle Atlantic States will gather at Hampton Institute for the first "big track and field meet to" be held on the new Armstrong Field, which was presented to Hampton In stitute by its graduates and former students at the recent fifty-fourth an niversary. Many of the leading high schools in this area will also be repre sented at the meet The following institutions will take part in this big meet: Hampton In stitute, Howard University, Lincoln University, Union University, Shaw University, Petersburg Normal and Industrial Institute; Virginia Semin ary and College, Morgan College, St. Paul Normal and Industrial Institute, Bordentown Industrial Institute, Huntington High School, Newport News; Booker T. Washington High School, Norfolk; Dunbar and Arm strong High School of Washington. All of the principal track and field events will be held, including 100-yard dash, 220-yard dash, quarter-mile, half-mile, mile, and two-mile run, running high-jump, running broad jump, pole vault, shot put, discus and javelin throw. The mile relay races are expected to be the great features of this meet R. Earl Johnson, the holder of the world's five and ten mile records, who represents the Edgar Thompson Steel Works of Pittsburgh, Pa., wjll be seen in action in an invitation three mile race. William Parker, who has made an enviable record running un der the colors of Columbia Univer sity, will represent the St. Christopher Club of New York in an invitation half-mile. The largest group of Negro track . MR. JUSTICE WILLIAM E. DEVER One of the Most Honorable Members of the Appellate Coori of Tfc? nt.t; tm, wm na-VlrtA fc First or v Without the Slightest Opposition. athletes ever brought together will be seen at Hampton on Armstrong Field on May 20. when the leading institutions and clubs will compete .for honors. Great interest is devel oping among Negroes for trick ath letics, and for that reason track en thusiasts from various section! fare signified their intention to be preat at this great meet Hampton pj. uates and former students are ex pected in large numbers to see tie gala opening of the field, which tSey expect to make one of the best a the country. KU KLUX KLAN STVFS NZF3 FAMILIES S. West Palm Ba-h Aa c.t lope marked, "sent ' t- K K.: Klan" and containing . v f- ceived by the r?lif con.c tie- take care of e v 'an zzz Negro families, now i.u- r c count of a disastrous fire here SasciT night As a result of the fire, 35 Xcr families are homeless and the loss a estimated at $150,000. Besides & amount sent by the Ku Klux Da the city appropriated $200, and nasi voluntary contributions were madt It is denied that the fire was of n cendiary origin. But a contribctsz cause of the enormity of the fire s the lack of a system capable oi nett ing emergencies. Steps have already been taken to interested officials to lay before tie city fathers a demand for the estab lishment of a high pressure water system. URBAN LEAGUE CAMPAIGN This week marks the culmination of a very successful drive. People from all walks of life have seen the useM ness and resourcefulness of the Leagtt demonstrated before them in Chicago and the result has been gratifying0 wider knowledge of the work done, vA consequently in opportunities for hrgtf service by the League as well as o the financial support gained. The campaign comes to an end t urday. May 13, and in next wctf paper the final results will be an nounced. It is extremely import that the campaign workers turn a their reports promptly, in ordet thai the results may be known. - ttorfsj&iit&fc , t J--ri : - J JHtep4-