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CHICAGO,. ILL., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1922 TIE BROAD AX Pabbshed Every Saturday In this city since July 15th, 1899 without missing one single issue. Re - publicans. Democrats, Catholics, Pro testants, Single Taxers, Priests, infi dels or anyone else can have their say as long as their language is proper and responsibility is fixed. The Broad Ax is a newspaper whose ffetfonn is broad enough for all, ever daiming tiecditorial right to speal As own mind. Local communications will receive Attention. Write only on one side o' 'he paper. Subscriptions must be paid in ad vance. vc Year i &-M Six Months $00 Advertising -rates made known on application. Address all communication to THE BROAD AX tKUo ao. Elizabeth St, Chicago, III. Phone Wentworth 2597 JULIUS F. TAYLOR Editor and Publisher Associate .Editor DR. M. A. MAJORS October 21. 1922 VoL XXVIII. No. 5 sBbk.4GHHHHvhBI BBBBBBEsSaHflBkf 'vBbBBBBKBW '1 BIbBBBBBBBBbHsS v 1BBBBsfflhBBB:3aBBBBrXBflflVBflflflflflflflflflflflflflfll HON. MICHAEL K. SHERIDAN The People's Candidate for Election for Member of the Board of Assessors, of Cook County; Both Men and Women Can Vote for Him. Entered as Second-Class Matter. Aug iV, 1902. at the Post Ofiice at Chicago, tIL Under Act of March 8. 1879. RACE .LEADERS SOUND CALL TO ADVANCE Commission on Inter-Racial Cooperation 416 Palmer Bldg., Atlanta, Ga. R. B. Elearer, Director of Publicity Law Enforcement Conference a Great Success Utmost Harmony Pre vails; Many Distinguished Speakers Special To The Broad Ax . K Nashville, Tenn. The National Temperance and Law Enforcement Conference,, held in this city last week, was a notable success. It brought together one of the largest and most representative groups of Negro lead ers ever assembled in America, and sounded, p. -'--v call to high char acter vanu" good .dzenship that will be baaid iiiroitghont the nation, r Reenforcmg tht many eloquent and -Stirring speeches, the Conference ailopicd a nutn'jct of vigorous pro-nouncc"i?a'- on rohibition, law en forcement jmem'e delinquency, cdu- atio'i. K -' -lie, health and social ""morality, anu on the relation of the Church, the home -and the press to these several subjects. These rer ports were formulated by carefully chosen commissions, and were re ferred to a Committee on Findings to be correlated into a single state ment and given to the public This statement will be most significant as representing the united voice of the Negro leadership of America. Its publication will be eagerly awaited. The Conference was notable not only for the number -and distinction of its sneakers, but also for the harmony and unanimity that charac terized their utterances. In the whole program there was not a dis cordant note, every speaker pleading eloquently for temperance, law en forcement, high moral characterand ?ood citizenship. Among them may be mentioned Bishops K. E. Jones, A. J. Carey and I. B. Scott, Doctors W. G. Alexander, I. Garland Pcnn, J. W. Waters. V. M. Blair, J. T. Moppins, Alfred Lawless. L. E. Jordan. Resell A. Brown, V. A. C. Hughes, I. H. Jones, M. L. Vaugh tcrs, J. N. C. Coggin, K. G. Morris, N. D. Shambourger. Isaac Fisher, George E.' Haynes, J. C. Caldwell, B. F. Abbott, L. A. Townsley, D. H. Stanton, L. H. King, J. A. McMillan, L. A. Fisher. J. T. Phillips. S. A. McDowell, and R. T. Wcathcrby; Presidents Jojm Hope, or Morehouse College. S. A. Owen, of Roger Wil liams. IX C. Suggs, of Livingstone College, and W. J. Hale, of the Ten nessee Normal; James Wcldon John son. J. C. Napier, W. A. Jennings, Prof. T. W. Tally. James H. Robin son, and W. I-. Porter: Mrs. Anna Penn. Mrs. Margaret Peck Hill, Mrs. Ida Wclls-narnett, Miss- Angela Tur peaii. Mrs. Cora Jordan White. Mrs. Mary Bethunc. Miss Mosell Griffin. Mrs. L. A. J. Moorcr and Dr. Mattie E. Coleman. The program presented also a num ber of distinguished white speakers, among them being President F. A. McKenzie. of Fisk University, Dr. W. M. Alexander, of the Inter-Racial Commission, Dr. Clarence True Wil son, of the Methodist Board of Tem perance. Dr. Rodney W. Roundy, Secretary Home Missions Council, Dean W. F. Tillctt, of Vandcrbilt University. Prof. R. H. Lcavcll of Pcabody College. Hon. Guy D. Goff. Assistant Attorney General of the United States. Mrs. Frances- Beau- champ of the W. C. T. LT and offi cials of the city and state. WHY ARE WE NOT UNDERSTOOD? By Dr. M. A. Majors What is so different between the races that colored people seem to be a puzzle to white people? Let us take up this question and try to analyze it. Let us state here that the writer has discovered not one particle of differ ence except some colored people are not quite as white as some other peo pie who believe they arc white, think as many white people think, act as many white people act, etc. Looking at things through eyes that are prejudiced, and reading by obser vation with their prejudices and not with their eve is cause for a great many puzzling things. If the white race was only fair, and true to the principles it advocates down deep in its heart ot hearts .the white race would see no difference in the races. Savagery, and the ca-9 man stuff is quite common in alt of the races of the earth. For well nigh fifty years the white man ihas been lulled to re pose, feeling that his white skin was securely quite sufficient to make him superior to the Negro, meanwhile the Nccro has been trying out every prin ciple of civilization to overcome the silly sentiment that has almost had him hog-tied to racial inferiority. In his huge efforts to prove that he was human just like any other human biped, he did not leave out of the equation any one of the graces of hu man nobility. All of the factors of development .and progress regarded as specific he set before him as cardinal. There is possibly one emphasized difference between colored and white people, but that difference is not a ra cial trait, it belongs to conditions of environment, resulting from the cruel usage of a horrible tyranny and op-J prcssion visited upon his unfortunate head by the white oppressor. That difference is the disposition of the Negro to show a manly respect, and Dr. and Mrs. M. A. Majors, re turned from Nashville. Tenn. Mrs. Majors had been visiting Iter daughter at Franklin, Tenn. Dr. Majors had been awav from Meharrv Medical inllffp tT,,ntv-ci,- ?nrc Tlij. cni.i.1 set of Nashville and Franklin tendered "Crcis,e. a finer S(;nsc hono toward ,,. , .: j j: ' . the white race than the white race 1,1111 iiidllj I ll.lJWllll cttlU UfllllCXd. ... 4 , win, or nas ever cxcrciseu xowara me colored race. And, naturally enough this in itself is sufficient answer for the Negro when he spends his money freely with the white merchant, trusts him without question, and manifests a kindly spirit in all of the white man's undertakings. The sum and substance of the whole matter is that the white man thoroughly understands the Negro. He pretends that he does not. , He is taking the Negro seriously all the time he is laughing at us. assuming that we are funny and grotcque. He will call us George because he docs not want ttj, respect us by addressing us as men are entitled to be addressed. This belongs to the white man's tradi tion of cowardliness. There have been white men who took no thought of a man's color. Abraham Lincoln. society is so crowded with the great of all history that were he born a white man he would have to accept the position of a street car conductor, and possibly work for thirty dollars a week, when as. a Negro he could, put his own price for what he did at a thousand dollars a wtek." When we come .to consider frailties of humanity, the Negro is not as help less as the white race. The machina tions and power of -Satan over the white and black races do not' differ in any respect or degree. Neither race can boast of not having dirty linen to wash. Neither can get by with up turned noses when both arc accus tomed to the immoral stench of their own dunghilL In the higher as well as the lower levels of human society there is con stant need of the whitewash brush. The king is a figure head. Our chief rulers arc baited with a lofty place for the favors he can bring home to the bosses. Politics the entrenched posi tion of might is beyond the possibility of purification, and o stench in the nostrils of decent people. Perfidy and perjury, stealth and the rest of it makes one man bigger than another. The Negro is to day entrenched be hind the bulwark of his religious pro fessions, and a faith that is indeed commendable. After a while he will find himself playing the roll of super man rich in all of those sober quanties that will make any race beloved. His present like unto his jjast is all honey combed with the wonderful mercy and bountcousness of the Great God whom he trusts witlian abiding faith. If white is a sign of perfection. And black is a sign of sin; Why do the good white people Buy black to dress up in? VOJE FOR MR. JOSEPH ESPOS ITO, REPUBLICAN .CANDI DATE FOR COUNTY COMMIS SIONER By Overton Starkey Hon. James A. Scott, Assistant State's Attorney of Cook County is seriously Mck at his home. 3710 Prairie Ave His doctor does not hold out much hope for his recovery. Mr. Joseph Esposito of the 19th Ward is a man who has proven him self worthy of every consideration. He has tried strenuously to appropri ate every means whereby the poor and unfortunate people might profit. He has proven himself more than capable of holding the position which he now seeks and is asking his many friends among the colored race to give him their support as well as many others. He has merited our consideration in every instance and we consider it our duty a.s true Republicans, to put a cross before Joe Esposito's name at the general election on Tuesday, Nov. 7th, and prove to him that we arc as loyal to him as he has been to us Adv. MISSISSIPPI'S BLACK REBELS DRAW PENSIONS Washington, D. C. According to statistics compiled by the government staff of the United Confederate Vet erans. 667 colored men who fought on the confederate side during the civil war are drawing pensions. Five hun dred .ixty-si of these are in Missis sippi. Marjland is the onl state which has no white or colored pen sioners. BBHflHHB :BPPr H BUKUu 3?ilHI,B9H BMlPHBIMfcii w 'iwiwHIH HKUMtr&&r FiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiB BMBKmBB& ' FiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFiFFB FFFFFFFFIFFIF!iFFBFBr FFFi ikkkkkkkkkHikkkBHiHiBSikkkkkkk'9 " kBkBkBkBkBkBkBkl HON. MARTIN B. MADDEN Member of Congress from the First Congressional District of Illinois. Chairman of its Committee on Appropriations, who was on last evening presented with a richly engraved beau tiful silver loving cup, under the auspices of the Appomattox Club. The lovely affair, including the home-coming recep tion, was held at the Wendell Phillips High School which was filled to the doors with the many friends of Congress man Madden. COL. NOAH D. THOMPSON. LOS , ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, OR DERS EXTRA COPIES OF THE ( BROAD AX i The Speaks for Cal- ' 1922. HON. P. J.'CARR Following Letter Itself Los Angeles Oct. 14 My Dear Mr. Taylor: I will appreciate it if you will sCnd me -10 copies of The Broad Ax of Oct. 7th. carrying your splendid tribute to the late Bishop Fallows. I find that the good Bishop had many admirers here in Los Angeles and 1 am sure they will appreciate, as I do. having a copy of jour address at his memorial services. The enclosed check will cover cost of copies deircd. With all good wishes to jou and yours, I am. ' Yours very truly, NOAH D. THOMPSON. To Mr Julius F. Taylor. Editor. The Broad A.x Chicago, HI. THE COOK COUNTY BAR AS SOCIATION ENDORSES THE FOLLOWING CANDIDATES FOR JUDGES OF THE MUNICIPAL COURT OF CHICAGO HON. GEORGE E. BRENNAN FREELY PREDICTS THAT THE DEMOCRATS IN THIS CITY AND COUNTY HAVE THE REPUBLICANS ON THE DEAD RUN. The Best and by Far the Most Prosrressive and Un-To-Dt TvAttaiiva. lh rAM1. r...l U r TJT 1 JTYfT !-;.. t ...,. . iuai uuua v-uuuiy ias ever naa ana nis Legions l tuy. county ana state, who only play Hon. George E. Brennan. the head leader of the Democratic Party in tnis of Warm Friends Feel Dead Sure That He Will Be Elected to His Present Position Tuesday, Novemeber 7. HON. ADOLPJ-I MARKS Safe. .- FTfetfe, !! -. ; j; Fiinwit MPfmIar Lawyer, StMkdfast FriBd ef tke Cered , K RacsleiHrf4icH Ca4lite for State Swit- itwm tke i mk, Tmt'SMwterul Dktnct'ef Illweu. It k All ' Over -witk Bob Ingersoll, Mayor Wm. Hale Thompson, Rabbi Hirsch, and the lamented George Burnham Foster. Judge Edward Osgood Brown, the late iiishop tallows, are a few notable examples worthy of mention. int muuicu among us Know a man not by his skin but by his truths. It he has no principles he is worthless whether he is white or black. Why should straight hair and a white skin exhalt By the same token white goat, or a white horse is super ior to a hlack goat, or a black horse. And what is straight hair to boast of? A judge of the supreme court, in Okla homa recently handed down a deci sion that a black Hindoo was white merely because it is traditional that all. Hindoos have straight black hair. Some day" we- will have reached solid enough ground -to mould public sentiment, but we are sure it will not be maudlin, bulldozing and-buffoonery. We are sure Bert "Williams was right when- he .said "the upper strata of HON. P. J. CARR, COUNTY TREASURER STILL CONTIN UES HIS FIGHT AGAINST THE TAX SHARKS Delinquent taxes on more than 300,000 pieces of property have been sold lately in the County Treasurer's office. Under the law the County Treasurer is also the County Collector and as such he is compelled to conduct these sales under penalty cither of going to jail or incurring a heavy fine. In this connection it is to be noted that the County Treasurer has nothing to do with levying taxes he merely col lects them. .- There is widespread alarm among delinquent tax payers lest, these sales imply immediate confiscation of their property and to quiet their fears County Treasurer, P. J. Carr, has ad dressed to them reassurances coupled with the announcement of the crea tion in his office of a new department of experts who will .without cost undertake 'to untangle their difficul ties. Here arc Mr. Carr's palliating words: "Tax payers, sale of your property for taxes does not mean that you art going to be thrown out of your home forthwith or deprived instantly of your lands. '"If, unfortunately, you are delin quent m your taxes, the law -placed on the statute books by your legis lators at Springfield declares that the He must obey the on the property, law. "But there is absolutely no con fiscation of your property. "It isn't ruthlessly taken away from you. "When the taxes arc sold your title docs not pass then and there, to the buyer of the taxes. "The certificate which the buyer gets is only a lien on the property. It is similar to a mechanic's lien which is wiped out when the contrac tor's, laborer's, or supply men's claim is paid. "Only when during a period of two years, there is repeated failure to nay I rrt . . --t loii me nen anu accumulated charges. aoes the property go to a tax deed. And even then the holder of the tax title has something of dubious value as the Courts many times have construed the tax deed in favor of the delinquent. In the two year period the delin quent need have nothing to do with the tax shark. He can satisfy th'e claims against him through the Coun ty. It is after the expiration of the two years that he must deal with the shark. "As it stands the law relating to delinquent taxes is vicious in the extreme. Is makes possible the opera tions of these tax sharks and when the next general assembly convenes during the coming winter I shall leave no stone unturned to abolish the conditions that enable them to thrive at the expense of the poor and those at the game of politics for the fun of the thing and not to make a living at it or out of it, is all smiles on these beautiful October or fall days, for he freely predicts that the Democrats have got the Republicans on tlic dead run and that every candidate on the Democratic ticket in this city and county will be elected on Tuesday, November 7. The Cook County Bar Wocmion held a meeting Friday Oct. 13. 1922 and the following judicial candidates received the highest number in the order named, and the endorsements of the Association. County Judg? Frank S. Kiglicimer (R): Probate Judge Hcnrv Home' (D). Associate Judges of the Mum cipal Court Full Term: 1st. John F Haas (R); 2nd. Francis Borrclli (D) 3rd. John Richardson (R: 4th. lohr H. Lyle (R): 5th Emanuel EHcr (R) 6th. Hosea W. Wells (R). 7th Phillip J. Ftnnegan (D): 8th. John Prystalskf (D): 0th. Wells M. Cook (R). lOtfc. Howard W. Hayes (R). Associate Judges of the Municipa' Court New 6 year Term William E. Helander (R) A I. F. Gorman (D) Associate Judges of the Municipal Court t year Term John J. Lupe (R) James J. OToole D Associate Judges of the Municipa' Court 2 year Term Benjamin E. Cohen tR) John F. O'Conncll (D) The above Judges receiving th highest number of votes are recorr mended by the association. Respectfully. Richard E. Westbrooks, Presiden Alderman Thomas F. Byrne is sti' confined to his home at 6743 Irving. Ave., but to the great delight of hi many warm friends he is rapidly re gaining his usual good health and he will soon be able to-be out and around and about again. ' County Treasurer shall sell the taxes temporarily embarrassed." w. -vflBBkBBi'' - 1 ."-. 2 4BHBBkXs HON. ANTON J. CERMAK Member ef the City Cotwca from the old 12th Ward, who is BUtJdag a winara fijht ia his great race for President of tke Beard of Comnussioaers of Cook County. v- BaiiiBflBBBBBHBKBBHBBflBHflKHBHHBBw iitriir.r