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The broad ax. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1895-19??, November 18, 1922, Image 2

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'jwfcMiESiabetii Apfo, 111
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- 'WL M.'. A. HAJORI
No. 9
;Katered as'Second-CUts Hatter. Ant
f,v4S0i at the Post OJBce at Chicago,
' ntr Under Act of March 8. 1879.
.-"t CoBcJnded from Pagl
idates for. the junior class in a four
.isyear'xollege. cowse?
. " (5) WHl'the1 organizations. 'which
''."" own" and operate the private Negro
"jCpUeges be iaterestedin faringtsg them
I BpUqa-staadard that will entitle them
t an -accredited rating without ques-
vtioa"r. ,
(6) ". Wbnli it Wwise to agree npon
acomBaoB'-aomeaclatare by which' the
same gra3e of work in public or pri-
- .-.yateiasdtntieBS wonld. be known by
ithe same name?
... Pnesmoaia, like consumption, is a
"lioe daease; alsoit is a dirty air
-" dbease.'
r.;V',Tlus;a4iertiea: h SHppejied Tjyboth
"thevmorbidky aWd mortality figures
."which- -show rBavaryiagly year after
-year Jthe seasonal lise and decline in
the city's paeusioHsa death, rate. These
figures aleojserye to show that during
the summer months, the open air sea
son, pneumonia In both cases and
deaths reachVS its lowest ebb and that
50 soon as the shut-in season comes,
- iheJe.-figares begin mounting steadily
month by month until the open air
season, comes again
IaCconnection with' the number of
deaths 'in Chicasro due to this dirtv
JealE ceaiataaiBrtiias -;IlPreeeiTt
"aJNatiet; -Write-Miaefc of
y8SgyKvtmlr48i 1922t r -
vmm -- .
' airTdease, it is oi interest to -note 1
that" last year there "were, reported to
the .Department of Health 8336 cases
"with; 2,164- deaths. So far this year,
tip to Noremben 1, there bare been.
. "844S -cases with. 2.08S deaths. The
figures for 1922 indicate, that at the
present rate of increase since Septem
ber, the total cases and deaths for this
year -will exceed lasj year's figures.
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ReElected t tfce State Saaate
. fUlkw
As is known,. pneumonia is a deadly
disease. It kills its victims in, short
order. And because this is true and
because enoagh is now. known aboat it
to enable people to avoid it, it should
command the -thoughtful attention of
everyone. Pneumonia Is caused by a
germ which is conveyed from obc to
another: The patient or well persons
with .the' germs in the mouth, throat
or nose by careless coughing, sneez
ing and splttiag can scatter the germs
in the air for others to breathe; or on
things where they can mingle with
the dust which may be stirred up float
in the air and be taken into the res
piratory .passages and In that way
reach the. Isags.
It is : known that extremes, of tem
perature either cold or 'hot, together
with dampness, have a lowering ef
fect upon the resistance of the indi
vidual to pneumonia infection. In
overheated and poorly -rentilated' liv
ing places, and work places are fotrad
the conditions which seem to be' fav
orable lor. the spread pf the disease.
Overheated air is always lacking in
moisture and breathing it dries the
mucous, membranes of the air -passages,
thus causing the condition
which invites not only pnenmoniabst
other respiratory ailments.
Here are -some seasonable sugges
tions which, if followed, will h,elp yofu
to escape pneumonia:
1. Be regular in your habits of liv
ing as -to diet .and proper rest
2. Avoid undue and prolonged.ex-jreccnty
pos,ure to wet and 'cold.
3. Get as much exercise in the open
air as you can.
4. Dress so that you will feel com
fortable hi the house and equally as
comfortable when out -of doors in a
lower temperature.
5. Keep your living rooms at a tem
perature not exceeding 70 degrees.
For people in normal health and prop-
from tke 17th Seaaterial District
erly clad, 68, degrees is better.
6. Keep your feet dry and warm.
7. Do sot cough or sneeze in any
one's face or allow others to cough
or sneeze openly in jour immediate
S. finally, remember that pneu
monia is highly contagious and that
there are persons who are carriers and
that when they sneeze or cough open
ly in the air close to you, you are in
danger of becoming infected.
By observing these suggestions you
can greatly lessen your chances of
"catching" pneumonia ;and be more
likely to get through the winter with
out needing the services of the under
In most cases pneumonia comes to
those who do not take proper care of
themselves; and those who have it,
pass it on to others.
. TION service!
The inauguration of special service
in the field of recreation is announced
bv the Children's Bureau of the
United States Department of Lcbor,
with the appointment to its permanent
staff of Martha Travilla Speakman,
recreation expert. Miss Speakman
was in charge of the organization -of
play in the schools of Porto Rico dur
ing the "Children's Cycaif campaign
mDclnitd by :th; Children's
Bureau. She conducted classes in
various cities throughout the island to
teach the school teachers games and
instruct them in play direction. Regu
lar courses were conducted in San
Juan and Santurce and at the various
teachers' institutes st of each pro
gram was devoted to recreational
rwork. The methods, of teaching games
were demonstrated with local groups
of children.
In. addition to her work in Porto
Rico, Miss Speakman has served as I
head pf lEsperance, a home for
French war orphans, and participated
ia. the" Friends' Relief Work in France
and Austria. 5he, -directed and or
ganized recreational centers, play
grounds, and summer camps in vari
ous parjs of the United States after1
completing her 'training .in "Swartb-
siore College and the .recreation, de
partment of the Chicago School of
Civics and Philanthropy.
Boston,, Mass. As a result -of the
personal audience, with President
Hardwg and what he said as to the
natwe M his- call for the extra ses
sion which he ksved "today, -tfie Na
tion' Eqal Rights -League urges he-
race;" everywhere to write the president
to reeemmead1 to congress immediate
coMifcr torn 1 tke-JJyer ABti-x.yncn-
tog BSI by the senate in his spoken
or srrkfen .iiiumgc lo the extra, ses
sion This e Jegae d today, Ar-
TW :twNf e JwegatioaL. pressed this
rewnt ifcr' tke aBct' at -the
Wlntt Hotwe ww'orer, ad, give the
htMl their' ?osferae to Ihe-race
by-'wrglag this se' awvement. The
lcsse jcMsKwb'iiiie-kat the race
the UMirSttes3ettt6rs
to aMke the JJrer hilt first hastsess of
the itwrtc, tktLM AeJaberiaa Loan
;BO,. iaA te he MtiaPOHsfy coosid-
ftUpmmL This the leagas is
fl -;
A tfw sarihMce Sahirdey k'the
0t wC- Dj? M Sftv SftW' fit;
By ir. J. A.
Indirestlv we have -karwd that the
Chicago TribwM fe hvBC St. We
do not read UwThIhhw. c saw- in
thfe Defender where Mr. R. & Abtott
was trying- iaorm the pi)Ic of ha
opinion of the same, and e read in
another eolemn where 'CoL. 3immons
was hot ia,the collar, and' yet fearing
to "hurt the feelings' of the jmte white
race holding . subjection alt of the
aiss words im his. vocabulary. The"
stench jdid not jcorae diredly into our
Had Hannibal triumped over Scip
io the dark races today would be 'the
ruling people and English would not
now be the leading language Tiy which
most of the 'civilized' "world m;Jces its
wants known. There would havebecn
no Dutch trading vessel .bringing
black slaves to America. America; no
doubt, would still Tie the refuge for
the low brow element driven putiof
England and continental Europe.
Therefore The Chicago Tribune would
never have become known.
The Negro Is not crossing any line
except the Mason and TJixon line?
The line crossing is always done by
the white race. Who invented the
first mullato? Let the Tribnne an
swer that Question. Whoever did it
was nurturing a whirlwind from wliose
reaping the white race cannot escape.
Which is better, marriage or adul
tery? Let .the Tribune answer that
question. Is it always the Negro who
will live in adultery with the white
woman? Or is it always the white
man who will not marry the colored
woman? If' the Negrb marries the
white woman it is not because he
went across the line to get her. It is
because she- came herself across the
The conquering, money-making man
filled to the brim with commercial ac
tivity becomes brusque, cold, and
morose, has no fancies, delights only
in the hard, stern rules of trade and
barter and forgets how to love, to be
affectionate, starves out the human na
ture of his souL and to-his women
folks is not -genteel, kind, and con
siderate with them, and is neglectful in
the exercises of .those graces that gives
to woman, her little world to inhabit
When he is not sublime; he is most
ridiculous. Take, for, instance, the
bright lights, the "great white way,
Broadway, the sportij night Jife, the
orgy and the grand debauch, the dis
tricts where veiled women maraud the
The Negro possesses a kind, tractile,
docile nature, respectful, obliging, and
inoffensive, friendly and cannot go
enough out of his way to help you If
he likes you. He dresses well, makes
pleasant cosgoaay, m yieWiagand can
sympathize, 'with women of any race,
because the same brutal nature that
repels the kindly and affectionate heart
of women is also brutal tn his over
lord spirit toward the Negro man.
Business, trade and commercial ac
tivity, and- wanting to know all things,
and prove all things, he lias lost the
vital spark of life, and love. The am
munition of his animal forces he can
not retrieve by further making him
self a cave man, or a football star.
There Is as much in being too mascu
line as there Is in "being slightly ef
feminate, .
"Love is to man a thing apart, but
it is woman's whole existence." She
tires of the imperious overlord. His
lack of prerequisite forces to gratify,
satisfy, and make her happy in the
way she determines, sickens her soul,
makes him a loathsome creature when
in her sight, and she .finds the love of
her quest, womanlike, in strange and
unexpected quarters.
Having manners goes a long way.
when a wbite man, has none at all
what -chance has he with women?
When a colored man shows all of
those excellent qualities of both heart
and mind what woman is. it that could
not admire him? Differences in color
have but Jittle bearing in the ease.
Necessity, - they say, becomes the
mother of invention and so the care
worn, lovelorn, heart sick girl, disap
pointed, seeing nothing before .her but
a butterfly existence, a doll, or an un-
loved creature, kills bersejf, drowns in
the lake, or crosses over into the color
line, marries, is happy in the freedom
of her-spirit and-her will,' the reward
of her heroism. The Negro Is virtual
ly anew' man. Thosaads-of 'years of
lasdviousness, harems, raormomsm
and the res of k has-indeed made the
wbite man stakalaest without any in
fim'te variety- The Negro, may hare
come down otit of the tree sinee the
white man, but he. is down, aad the
Tribune, waile- sufferhw a Aoasaad
fits, fets loose some one of its South
ern editors to write fussy nansense
abost.what he thinks wiU happeit to
the N"egro bedrase he marries a white
girl aow'and ihen. The Tribune is
really mad at the Hearst daily papers
because they have; taken the jouraaf-
ituc field, away from rt,-and chaoses to
make the Negm race the goat. Smce
when haii.fte Trihiaehome sy
Ing wab" tK'lhaf' Jt-Vovhi nwc.h'uiyii
and earth to 3p su ffomit$inidiml
What a misimftk .fcnhdta t.aa-
essential iandameatato a national acw-
paperwowd . set sc -as . a caHMtal pria-
cToalS It h not: enwah. to ImmlKite
the Netto .at every oeorfwy, if
seems -beat &m ijemtUiHAe- rif ieejei
feaad)i.e"the law Hw .Uaid'hr'
hknt aid bJwrtetr 'Whet maa jte ee
wishes tohe'taM-attiaMMt' aet
Ihis, sr that wholly oaMhe existence
of prejudice? What, for -instance,
would the littfe editor of the Tribaae
like to be told not to do when,, as a
man, he has a perfect right to try to
please; himself? A man rhe will-not
grant to another man the rights he en
joys, and who would hold from an
other' man the rights lie has, no mat
ter how- inconsequential, does not de
serve any rights at all.
Let us name, a few great men' whose
very existence came from crossing
ihc color line: Alexander Dumas, the
great Russian poet laureate Pushkin,
Frederick Douglass Booker T. Vaih
ingtonj Alexander Hamilton, and a
few bg mulatto white people here in
Chicago whose heritage belongs on
both sides of theline.
Sometimes we think that they who
make the most noise about color tare
using the eraser themselves trying to
wipe out traces of mixtures they are
counscious of. in themselves. '
Mrs. Sayre Leaves
The league regrets to announce that
Mrs. Sayre, who has been connected
with the employment departmentj for
about .two jrears, .is leaving.' Mrs.
Sayre," before coming to the league,
was a volunteer war worker with the
Red Cross. When the war closed she
felt -that there would be other work
for a woman to do who had been
making bandages and doing canteen
service and other work of the Red
Cross. She organized, therefore, the
U. S. Club, a 'group of women with
no effort or purpose to raise money
fpr the purpose of their own organi
zation, but merely to be of service in
post-war needs. One of the first of
these post-war needs to come to the
attention of the ,U. S. Club was the
Soldiers' and Sailors' Club. These
ladies helped to raise money to es
tablish .this club, which later became
the Community house at 3201 South
Wabash, avenue, and Mrs.. Sayre be-.
gan work at the Community House.
The Urban League in the meantime
had succeeded in introducing into
Montgomery Ward & Company a
number of colored girls to- do clerical
and stenographic work. A welfare
worker was thought desirable at the
branch where these girls were em
ployed. Mrs. Sayre was recommended
for that position and served there
with great success. The officials of
:he company wrote a letter to the
league in which they testified their ap
preciation of her services and their
regret that the business depression
forced them -to close the unit in which
Mrs. Sayre was working. From Mont
gomery Ward & Company she came
to the Urban League an'd has worked
in the employment department in the
placement of women and girls until
now. Mrs. Sayre goes to another big
industrial establishment where her
services are needed to care for the
working conditions of about 350 col
ored women employees. The Urban
League regrets her going, but feels
complimented that when such a per
son was desired the Urban League
had the privilege of furnishing her.
Mrs. Sayre has the respect and affec
tion of the members of the staff and
the - many friends she made while
working with the league.
Keith School
Keith school has a real principal.
He is. not only interested in accept
ing and managing the children who
come to his school in such' large num
bers, some of them on half time be
cause of Tack ofjpacebut in the kin
dergarten room, where? he has empty
benches, be is exerting himself to fill
them. The Keith school is at 34th
and Dearborn streets and has a kin- season. New dances will be intro
dergarten department with an" enroll- duced, each Saturday, under the drrec-
,. . rn -Lni . . i? .Mr. fi f- .r- a
ment of about 50 children. It is meet
ing only in the morning, but the kin
dergarten room might as well be
used also in the afternoon and will
be so used if the children come in
sufficient numbers. Do you know a
child five or sue years old who lives
in that district who ought to be in.
i;n.?...-...9 it . . I,- :.u
Lhe , q. ' ic( Aem
Know urn tne prmcipai wants the
t a. .a. .
-.. " i
cuuaren ik scnooi; that scnooi is a
better jIace for them than the streets;
that the sooner they get the school
habit the better; so let's .fill that kin
dergarten rbom both morning and af
ternoon, ' - '.-".-;
Do not tell anybody about it. hut
2j. or, 30 musicians have been practice
iag together for three or foar moaths.
They have beea studying some xeal
mafc They say they are going to
give a concert JKWu "1 sTeader-who
they are? .
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.New Yerk--Cyil rvice Cpmmis
sioacr Fcrd&uad Q. Morton, head: .of
Hhe- Colored ' Deaieeraey 'Latcae.
pfedfed 75 pir cent hf New rack's
vae, .tor Al Smith,- wiSfe Demaera'tic
caneVdrte for Governor. Rctanir
shew, ahat "he et , h jreai&a. iadL
hat tlmimeds af eaWei cithiiaa k
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Elected Judge of the Municipal Court of Chicago (New Six
- Year Term). .
Monday evening, Nov. 20, the first
informal annual charity ball, for the
benefit of the Old Folk's Home, will
be held at the Unity Club House, 3140
Indiana avenue. There will be cards
for those who do not rare to dance
and beautiful prizes. This is given
for a worthy cause and should be well
patrionized by all.
Music by Watson's orchestra.
Wm. J. Kelly, floor manager; David
McGowan, president; Mrs. Dent,
Mrs. David Manson, Mrs. Maude
Lawrence, Mrs. George C Hall, Mrs.
R. S. Abbott, Mrs. Jessie De Priest,
Mrs. David McGowan, Mrs. Gertrude
BaTay, Mrs. Florence Jones, Mrs.
Eliza Jones, Mrs. Carrie Stanton, Mrs.
John R. Marshall, Mrs. M. L. Trvis,
Mrs. Estella Dobbins, Mrs. R. C
Cross, Mrs. Ida B. Wells Barnett,
Mrs. P. J. Evans,- Mrs. Fannie Hall
Clint, Mrs. Claris Hardin, Mrs. Mag
gie Gray, Mrs. Olive M. Office, Mrs.
I. Offord, Mrs. Minnie Irvin, Mrs.
li. B. Anderson, Dr. Fannie Emanuel,
Dr. Mary F. Waring.
Annual Meeting for .Nomination of
Officers and Reports of Officers
and Committees
The third Saturday -night in Novem
ber is set aside by the constitution for
the nomination of officers 'and direc
tors. At this time also, full reports
will be made by all officers and com
mittees. Members are urged to at
tend this meeting and become familiar
with the details of the club's activities.
Radio demonstrations by Jay-Hawk
Radio Company, at 8 p. ra Saturday,
Nov. 18. Business begins at 9 p-. m.
Annual business- meeting and elec
tion Saturday, December 2 .
The Dancing 'Class
The Saturday afternoon dancing
class will continue during the winter
lion ui ai.t. .auic3 ociucs, noor inau-
ager. Music oy Dr. Thomas C Wat
son. Hours arc from 5:00 to 7:00
Members and their lady guests are
urged to come promptly and enjoy
the entire period.
The first and third Tuesday after
noons of each month the parlors are
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reserved for ladies' whist Ladies of
the families of members are invited to
take part in this feature.
Thursday evening, November 30,
dancing will be the order of the eve
ning at the club rooms.
LaPcrte, Ind. Five sets of triplets
and two sets of twins, born to Mr.
and Mrs. Frank Scott in ten years of
married life, establish a record for
the Middle West, perhaps for the
entire country.
Mr. and Mrs. Scott and thirteen
living children boarded a westbound
train in search of sufficient land to
provide sustenance and employment
for the whole family.
"We can't carry a Sunday school
class madam," remarked the conduc
tor to the mother as she offered one
JIBut they are my children," Mrs.
Scott replied.
The family Bible was prodoced
from a load of luggage and it dis
closed the record. There were Ash
bel, Archer and Austin, each 4
years old; Arthur and Arnold, each
3J4; Allen, Almon ind Albion, each
2J; Alfred, Albert and Adolph, each
18 months, and Abel and Abner, each
6 months.
Mr. and Mrs. Scott are among the
salt of the earth and i? the good Lord
continues to permit them to live in this
world they will soon be able to re
populate the whole earth. Editor.
Mrs. Lester Glenn, 11307- Bishop
street, Morgan Park, is home again
after more than a two months' visit
with relatives and friends in Wash
ington, Virginia and North Carolina.
Cr Rlnn cfinf tnwrlt firm, f T?nn
noke VjLf her home towa
. Ambrose G. Robinson of Milwaukee,
Wis, visited the city for several days
during the week enroute to and from
Gary, Ind., and while here he sjent
the time with his uncle and aunt Mr.
and. Mrs. A. H. Young, 4U4 Calu
met avenue.
Mrs. Sadie Morton, formerly of this
city, but now of Hartford, Conn,
journeyed all theyway to the city to
attend the funeral of her life-long
friend. Mrs. Anna Northington. Mrs.
Morton will visit her former acquaint
ances before leaving for her -home
tke Twimty-Fir Semalerkl Di-
We AH hW freccU
tW.Wv TJiams: Ware AIet
t " -Tr -
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