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The broad ax. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1895-19??, December 30, 1922, Image 2

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"T" J&1W i Mr1IRljB-J!Hjgp- w
'-ywt l'""
1 t
i ft-
I! f
FaUiahcd Every Saturday
la this dty since Jnlr 15th, 1S99,
without missing one single issue. Re
publicans, Democrats, Catholics, Pro-
-testants, Single Taxers, Priests, infi
iels or anyone else can have their say
-as 'lonr their language is proper
and responsibility is fixed.
The Broad Ax is a newspaper whose
platform is broad enough for all, ever
tlaiming the editorial right to speak
Ht own mind.
Local communications will receive
attention. Write only on one side of
the paper.
Subscriptions must' be paid in ad-
Vne Year.. $2.00
Six-Months '. S1-00
' Advertising rates made known on
Address all communication to
fcl 2o. Elizabeth St Chicago, III.
Phone "Wentworth 2597
Editor and Publisher
Associate Editor
December 30, 1922
No. 15
jtetered as Secand-Class Matter. Aug.
i 1902. at the Post Office at Chicago,
tA. Under Act of March 8, 1879.
Onatfr Relief Will Help Destitute
sOne hundred thousand Austrian
state officials are to be dismissed in
the near future under the plan by
which the League of Nations is at
tempting to rehabilitate Austria's na
tional finances. This fact was re
cently stated to members of the
Friends' Relief Mission in Vienna by
Herr Schueller, Section Chief of the
Austrian Foreign Office.
The problem of absorbing these
men into other lines of activity is a
problem with which the Austrian
Government itself must deal. The
Quaker Relief Mission, however, is
helping to meet the problem by ren
dering assistance to the Land Settle
ments, co-operative garden settle
ments which will wbsorb. many of the
men and their families. The Friends
will also assist individual families of
dismissed state officials who are in
need of emergency relief, as they are
already assisting a large number of
destitute members of the salaried
and professional classes.
In his interview with the Friends,
Herr Schuller was optimistic about
the general outlook for the future,
feeling that it is better than during
the last several years. The League
of Nations plan for financial rehabili
tation, however, does not remedy the
present distress among the Austrian
people- themselves. The necessity of
enforcing the stringent reforms in
volved in the plan will tend rather to
increase the distress among individ
uals for the next year or two; and
emergency relief is necessary to pre
serve as much as possible of the
energy and faith of the people in
order that they may take their parts
in working for 'national reconstruc
tion. Great efforts are being made among
,the Viennese themselves to relieve
suffering in their country. A relief
committee, under the auspices of
Chancellor Seipel, is raising funds for
wood" and coal, the Viennese chil
dren's doctors appeal for clothing for
needy school children, the various
hospital's and Children's Homes for
blind people and for the old make
collections through the Vienna Press,
the War Invalids' organization ar
ranged for house to house collections,
and collection days and charity con
certs are frequently held for the First
Aid Society. All these efforts, how
ever, are insufficient to meet the need.
The Friends' Relief Mission,
through its middle-class relief work.
is aiding many artists, teachers, stu
dents, members of the former aristoc
racy, and others whose incomes were
formerly large, but who are now on
able to provide themselves with even
the bare necessities of life. The Mis
sion is also importing cows which are
sold to various welfare institutions in
return for payments of milk, and this
milk is in turn used for relief pur
poses. It is likewise lending assist
ance to the Land Settlement move
ment and is helping to support a num
ber of Children's Homes, tuberculosa
dispensaries and similar institutions
which would be unable to continue
Iwt for such aid. Five hundred thou
sand dollars is needed to carry on thei
Qmietr program of relief during the
erasing year.
Recently the- Friends extended their
fresfc-Kflk distribaboa to iaclde a
awnber el groups which lad sot pre
viously received asHk. Eight
E a
W ' iHvJHRawAwi
vhw v -
during the first day of this new dis
tribution. a mother turned to her
child with the cry: "Now you know
what milk tastes like I" Many of
these children, though several years
old, had never before tasted milk.
Conference at Hampton Institute Will
Begin on January 29 and Con
tinue Through Three Days
Hampton, Va. Hampton Institute
will hold its first annual Builders'
Conference on January 29, 30 and 31.
The conference will give colored
builders an opportunity to keep
abreast of developments in the field of
building, to see demonstrations of new
materials, methods and machinery, to
receive instruction from experts, and
to meet, for the exchange of ideas and
experiences, other men who have had
valuable experience.
H. Whittemore Brown, who is in
charge of the newly organized De
partment of Building Construction at
Hampton Institute and who will
speak on "Aims and Ideals of the
Hampton Builders' Course," has ar
ranged the following program:
"What a Builder Should Know
About Good Architecture,'' C How
ard Walker, of Boston, editor of "Ar
chitectural Review," lecturer on the
history of architecture in Harvard
University since 1917.
"Standard Plan Service for Build
ers," Alexander B. Trowbridge of
New York, consulting architect to
Federal Reserve Board.
"Good Placing and Good Planting,"
Arthur A. Shurtleff, landscape archi
tect of Boston, adviser for twelve
years to the Boston Park and Recrea
tion Department.
"Recent Developments in Concrete
Houses," J. C Pearson, National
Bureau of Standards, Washington,
D. C
"Relation of Testing Laboratory to
Building Trades," Irving H. Cowdrey
of the Massachusetts Institute of
"Builders' Problems," W. T. Court
ney of Atlanta.
"Training and Managing Men," R.
R. Taylor of Tuskegee Institute.
"Craftsmanship in the Building In
dustry," D. Knickerbacker Boyd of
The program will include, besides
moving pictures and talks on the man
ufacture of Portland cement and
bricks, several demonstrations simple
method for building concrete chim
neys, laying "Ideal" brick wall, test
of "Ideal" brick wall, Hodge electric
stucco machine, and cement gun.
This conference is held as a part of
the Hampton Institute Builders
Course, which aims "to stimulate the
interest of the prospective builder in
all phases of the industry." The two-
year course covers a wide range of
subjects and aims to give the builder-
in-training "accurate business meth
ods, skillful field management,
thorough knowledge of building ma
terials and trades, sound structural
sense, discriminating architectural
taste, and broad "human interests."
A number of short courses on sub
jects of importance to builders will
start immediately after the conference.
Included in these will be cost ac
counting, estimating, quantity survey
ing, use of standard plans, etc These
courses will be one to six weeks in
length made to fit the needs of col
ored builders.
The charity ball, given for the bene
fit of the Old Folk's Home on Nov.
20, by the house committee, proved to
be quite a success. The proceeds will
reach $300. The ladies deserve much
credit, this being their initial balL
They are laying plans now for the
ball next year, whfch will be larger
and grander than ever. They wish to
thank the public for the hearty.
port that was given then.
Lyle and Toman Ask Why M. V. L.
Stops at Vices
By Oscar Hewitt
Aid. John H. Lyle delivered a glow
ing tribute to the city council and a
severe criticism of the Municipal
Voters league Wednesday both in
one speech. The occasion was the
last council meeting of 1922 and the
cause was the league's report on the
"very sorry part" which the council
played in city experting "a scandal
that smelled to heaven."
Aid. Lyle said that the present
council has "the greatest accomplish
ments of any council in the last
eighteen years" and that the alder
men are not the skunks and imbecile
public officials which some folks
would have the public believe." He
said the report was unfair because it
did not list the virtues as well as the
vices of the council.
Hits Report on Junketing
Aid. John Toman, after Lyle bad
finished, said that the league told "a
deliberate lie, a damn," in its report
a few weeks back on junkets of al
dermen. "I'm not a candidate for re-election,"
said Toman to the council,
"but why don't you find out where
the league gets its money, who its
executive committee is, what they do
for a living, and how they get their
money? When Carter Harrison was
mayor the Illinois Central railroad
was out after a grab. Mayor Harri
son had the sergeant at arms stop a
former president of the league, Les
sing Rosenthal, from lobbying.
"On the aldermanic trip to Europe
the league deliberately lied. It said
that Mayor Thompson paid the ex
pense of the trip to get votes for Dr.
John Dill Robertson for member of
the board of education.
Suggests Trip Around World
"That's a damn lie. The mayor sent
for me, but that subject was not men
tioned directly or indirectly. He
wanted to know if the trip would do
any good. I told him yes, that I
would have aldermen sent ail over
the world. These so-called junkets do
great good. Because of one of them
Chicago adopted the license tag on
autos, and that little thing increased
the license money $1,024,000 in one
"The league says that the Euro
pean trip did no good. That's a lie,
too. It stopped waterbound pave
ments. I. wish Aid. Lyle had lifted
the blanket from the league, because
he worked for the league and knows.
I indorse all he said."
Makes Charge of Duplicity
Aid. Lyle said that he had been in
the newspaper business and had
worked for four years for the league
and there he had heard nothing except
MM a a m u
Cray wolves and scandal." He re
ferred to an oriental saving to the ef
fect that each must serve time at bis
trade, save critics, who are born, not
made. He intimated that the league
is two faced. He said:
"In its report the league credits
Aid. Alberts with being 100 per cent
against the people, showing that he
voted four times for the experts, and.
therefore, should not be returned to
the city council. Yet a few weeks
back the league said that Mr. Albert
was 'a leading alderman, his own boss,
and was a straightforward, independ
ent servant of the people.' "
It is understood the league will
later have something to say on this
charge. Aid. Lyle referred to his rat
ing by tlie league in its last report,
three votes "for the people" and two
votes "for the experts," in the league's
opinion. He said that he had not
been criticized nearly as much as other
aldermen, but expected that he would
be hereafter.
Experts Inherited, He Says
The alderman's chief complaint was
that the league a its report on expert
ing did not list the "accomplishments"
of the coHnriL He contended that the
council .had attempted to protect the
people m the experting bmeu. He
said that the first order to pay experts
on- a percentage basis was passed in
December, 1918, and that every alder
man had been elected since that time.
He added that the people knew about
Shows How Funds Were Trimmed
Aid. Lyle strenuously defended the
financial policy of the council finance
committee. He said that the commit
tee limited its appropriations to t the
city's resourcess. As showing how the
committee trimmed the estimate of
needs presented by the department
heads the alderman presented the fol
lowing table:
x i. itsi. istr.
Ml.TSOO) 43,4i3.Sti S34.839.S40
Flo. com.
' rTPO S33,233,S30 W1.TSI $39,453,331
As passed
SUJUOja SI0.T99.7S0 139,331,437
Total appro
priation 137,331,734 S40,799,7S0 S4SJ40.3IO
The table shows how the council
boosted the appropriations recom
mended by the finance committee and
later how the appropriations were
further increased.
"A fair and impartial review," said
the alderman, "of the work of the
committee in providing for the em
ployment of experts shows the un
fairness of the criticisms that have
been made. The improvements in
connection with ,which the experts
were employed will approximate $100,
000,000 and exceed by far in magni
tude work of a similar nature done
during the entire previous history of
the city.
Percentage System Cut Out
"The finance committee recom
mended and the council adopted a
plan to eliminate payments on the
pencentage basis Aug. 26, 1920, but
the ordinance was vetoed. This com
mittee and the city council have in
their budget in 1921 and in 1922
eliminated any basis for payment of
compensation on a percentage plan,
and if any such payments are made,
they are made without the authority
of the city council."
Among the merits of the council,
Aid. Lyle said that the "finance com
mittee in conjunction with the fire de
partment adopted a three year pro
gram for the motorization of the fire
apparatus, which through the savings
effected finances itself." He went on:
"The league did not mention that.
The finance committee this year has
had an audit made of the city's Looks,
the first in twenty years. It is hav
ing an audit made of the books of the
board of education to install econ
omies and reduce taxes. The council
voted to have a survey made of all
departments, but it was vetoed.
"Some think they are ordained and
called by God to pass judgment on
aldermen, trustee-and congressmen,
but I believe that a greater per cent
will be returned at this election than
in any preceding election and thereby
be vindicated from the many untruth
ful statements printed about them."
The council passed a resolution
directing the finance committee to
prepare record of council achieve
ments for the year. Which indicates
that certain aldermen will wage a
strenuous battle with the league this
Noteworthy Books of the Year Deal
ing With the Negro Problem, Com
piled by the Research and Records
Department of the Chicago Urban
The inclusion of books in this list
is by no means to be construed as an
endorsement of the book or sympathy
with its contents. It is compiled
rather for the purpose of making
known the existence of books pub
lished during the year which have at
tracted wide attention and which, con
sequently, ought to be well known by
the people who form their subject
"Birthright," by T. S. Stribling
"White and Black," by H. A.
Shands (Harcourt-Brace).
"Nigger," by Clement Wood (Dut-
"Batouala," by Rene Maran (Selt
zer). "J. Poindexter, Colored," by Irvin
S.' Cobb. (Doran). ,
Short Stories
"Lily," by Hugh Wiley (Knopf).
"Midnight," by Octavus R. Cohon
(Dodd-Mead). I
"The Black Border," by Ambrose
E. Gonzales (The State Company).
"The Vengeance of t!ie Gods" by
Wm. Pickens (A. M. E. Book Con
"Harlem Shadows," by Claude Mo
Kay (Harcourt-Brace).
"Negro Poems, Melodies, Etc," by
Wm. C Blades (The Badger Com
pany). "The Book of American Negro
Poetry," edited by James Weldon
Johnson (Harcourt-Brace).
"Negro Folk Rhymes," by Thomas
W. Talley (Macmillan).
Dram '
"Goat Alley," by Earnest H. Cul-
bretson (Stewart-Kidd).
"Early Civilization," an introduc
tion to anthropology, by A. A. Gol-
denweiser (Knopf).
"In the Vanguard of a Race," by
Mrs. L. H. Hammond (Council of
Women for Home Missions and Mis
sionary Education Movement of the
United States and Canada) contains
biographical sketches of 12 Negroes.
Historical and Sociological
"The Negro in Chicago." report of
Chicago Commission on Race Rela
tions (University of Chicago Press).
"The Negro Press in the United
States," by F. G. Detweiler (University-
of Chicago Press).
"The Negro Year Book," by Mon
roe N. Work (Tuskegee Institute).
"The Negro in Our History," by
Carter G. Woodson (Associated Pub
lishers). "The Trend of the Races." by
George E. Haynes (Federal Council
Churches of America).
"Chums and Brothers," by Edgar
H. Webster (Badger).
"Civilization in the United States,"
edited by Harold E. Stearns (contains
a chapter, entitled "Racial Minorities,"
by G. T. Robinson).
These are not all. Effort was made
only to include the most significant
The Kti KIux Klan is being repu
diated in the south, according to ex
tracts from an editorial of the Greens
boro, N. C, Daily News, made public
by the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, 70
Fifth avenue. New York.
"The existence of the Ku Klux is an
insult to the white race," says the
editorial. "It is an admission that we
cannot defend ourselves except by a
coward's weapons.
"And when that order preaches the
poisonous doctrine that the Negro is
not entitled to the right of a fair trial
in open court and to the equal protec
tion of the laws, because he is not 100
per cent American, we think of those
huddled crosses in the moonlight by
one of the rivers of France. And
when officials of the government ally
themselves with that order, and when
a judge on the bench charged with the
sacred administration of justice, will
not deny that he is the head of that
reptilian order, we think of those
graves in France. And our impulse
is not one of pity for the Negroes,
for the Negroes have vindicated them
selves. Our fear is for the nation that
threatens to abandon its own dead.
God help a country that could be so
Archbishop Patrick J. Hayes of
New York has written a letter endors
ing the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill,
which has been made public at the
offices of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People,
70 Fifth avenue. New York.
The letter is as follows:
"I wish to say that I am heartily
in favor of the Dyer Anti-Lynching
Bill, or such similar measure, for the
obliteration of mob rule and ven
geance from the fair name and honor
able repute of America. Justice, char
ity, morality and humanity suffer vio
lence as well as the victims of the
"Archbishop of New York."
The following telegram speaks for
"Washington. D. C Dec. 25. 1922.
'Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Binga,
"Hotel Vincennes, Chicago, 111.
"Greeting; regret we are not with
you tonight
"Dr. and Mrs. W. S. Montgomery."
With much pleasure Mr. and Mrs
Morris Lewis, 3633 Giles avenue, an
nounce the engagement of their
highly accomplished daughter, Miss
Caro Elizabeth Lewis, to Mr. Willis
Farrell )ones of LaFayette, Ind.
The children of the Enterprise In
stitute, S14 Aldine square, a trade
school for boys and girls of which
Rev. J. W. McDaniel is president and
Mrs. N. W. Newland is matron, gave
a Christmas program on December 22
for their many friends. A bevitiful
decorated tree was donated the school,
and on Christmas Day the children
received many useful presents and
holiday treats from the tree.
Giles Charity Club entertained a
large number of children on Decem
ber 22 with a program and Christmas
tree at the Southside Community
House, 3201 Wabash avenue. At the
end of the program, many useful gifts
as well as large quantities of nuts,
candies and othr holiday treats were
distributed amoutr the children.
Chicago, UL The bottom is about
to drop out of 1922 and spill it into
eternity, and I am here to tell it
good-bye for it will never return to
us, but we do not know what 1923
will bring to us, but we must be pre
pared to take whatever comes. I am
ready for it.
I hope it will not surprise you that
I am writing this letter on Christmas
Day, and there have been so many
things to claim my attention from
time to time. I have never made a
world, and if I could make one I
would not have any space to place it,
hence I must just go right along
making things go east and west, north
and south, and any other way that
will be necessary.
As I take my pen in hand to write
to you today, after my return from
Olivet Baptist Church, where I heard
a wonderful sermon by Dr. L. K.
Williams, pastor of Olivet Baptist
Church and president of the National
Baptist Convention. He is indeed a
great preacher, believe me, that that
sermon was soul stirring as well as
soul reaching, and I left there rejoic
ing. I came in contact with many
friends, and here I am away.
As I look back, I think of those
who were here this time last year, full
of Christmas, and some of them were
in church, but today, they have gone
home to rest They are not with us.
According to the plans of God, some
have failed to obey Him and they
have been consigned to that hot fire,
and others who obey are with Jesus.
I am thinking of the late Dr. Elias
Lamp aiorns, wno was indeed a
leader of men, and who put so many
things over for our people. He was a
leader among men and accomplished
so very much for his people. He was
at the head of the Baptist State Con
vention of Arkansas, and at the same
time at the head of the Baptists of the
nation the National Baptist Conven
tion. He lived well his life, and on
the morning of September 5 closed his
eyes and passed to the Great Beyond.
He had many plans for the future and
was doing things, but in the midst of
life we are in death has been said and
I believe in it.
Did Dr. Morris leave any unfin
ished work? If he did his successors
will take them up and go right on
with them. I say his successors, for
there will be in fact, there are right
now two of them, the Rev. Dr. J. R.
Jamison, president of the Arkansas
Baptist Convention, chairman of the
board of trustees of the Arkansas
Baptist College, and a member of the
board, the places filled by Dr. Mor-
ris, and Dr. L. K. Williams, as you
know, has succeeded him as president
of the National Baptist Convention,
and is now getting ready for to push
the work. He is a man of great
power and I am sure he will accom
plish much for us. The executive
board of the convention will meet
soon and you are going to see a few
things after that meeting.
I was just thinking of another
great man. Dr. R. H. Boyd, of Nash
ville. Tenn., who is also with our
Father in Heaven. It was the last
time I saw him. He was attending
the convention in Florida. He was
full of life and hope, and was doing
greatlthings. He passed out just be
fore Dr. Morris, and I hope tuat they
have met in Heaven.
We were just about getting over
the shock of the death of Dr. Morris,
and the National Baptist Convention
had met and closed. Dr. W. G. Parks,
who became president on the death of
Dr. Morris, delivered a wonderful ad
dress, installed his successor. We all
remember his great address, and he
went right on home and died. He
was a great man, and a wonderful
preacher, but one by one we are pass
ing out We will some day join him
and others. But I must not dwell on
this business too long, for it is deal
ing with death. 0
I do not want to branch from that
to cussing matters, but I was just
thinking how the republican senate of
the United States, with a big working
majority, permitted the democratic
Star of East Juvenile, A. U. K. &
D. of A. will observe its anniversary
on December 30 at 3638 South State
street with a program followed by re
freshments being served. The exer
cises will be held under the super
vision of Daughters Ida Simmons,
Eva Marshall and other officers.
Mrs. Anna Clemmons, 4559 Cham
plain avenue, is much better and is
able to be out again after an illness of
several weeks confining her to Provi
dent Hospital and her home.
Mrs. Jennie Chatham, 3402 State
street, is spending the holidays with
relatives and friends at Dayton and
Bloomington, Ohio, where she will be
some time.
minority to defeat a bill that meant
the saving of human life. Well
happened and you believe me when I
tell you, honey, that many of these
men will never see the senate again
when their times are out One by
cne they will drop out of life, for God
can't use a coward.
As I see it now, President Warren
G. Harding, of the United States, had
just as well pack up his trunk and
KCirCaay 10 leave the White House,
unless there are sdme wonderful
changes during the next 12 months. I
am of the opinion that he WIH be
nominated. Let her come, for I ain
sure he will never be re-elected. Some
people will vote in 1924 who nem
voted before, and they will vote as
they think. There is no pol.tician
who can say today, "I carry the vote
of my people in my pocket to be de
livered at will." Not a dog gone bit
of it, and the man who attempts it
will have a heluva time in proving it
There is not many who can look m
my face and tell how I am gomg to
vote. But I may not be here to vote
but believe me I will be represented
by friends.
Would it be of any interest to you
to know that I am now tied up in
Chicago on account of them bugs try
ing to get rid of me, and consign my
body to the worms? Dr. George
Cleveland Hall declares that they are
trying and he is going to get rid of
all of them this time. I will be at
5922 Aberdeen street, Chicago, until
I get well or die, and many people are
praying for me.
vji course you know I got in here
just last week from California, and
stopped at Kansas City, Kans., and
Dr. S. H. Thompson took a whack at
the bugs, and cut the devil out of
many of them, and then started me
right on to Chicago. I reached here.
was received by Mrs. Elvie L. Stewart
and her son, Charles Stewart, Jr., and
they just told me to be at home with
them while I am in the city and they
would not charge me for room or
board, because of my standing. You
see I must have a pull with Old Man
Charles Stewart I want to thank
them now.
Dr. Hall has declared that I shall
not leave Chicago until I am a well
man, and I think this will be, and if I
am not then he can't prevent me from
going to Heaven. I am proud to re
port to you that the world continues
to move. I have just had a talk with
Dr. R. A. Williams, who is the official
head of the Royal Circle of Friends,
one of the strongest fraternal organi
zations in the country, and one which
is doing so much for my people.
They are going to make a few
changes in 1923, and important
changes at that, and all for improve
ments. There will be a ereat voune
man from down home in a few days,
and he will have charge of the paper.
You will find a few improvements in
the paper, and I think Hon. C J.
Hardstew is going to write for it I
will let you know later.
While I am sick, yet Mrs. Stewart
has served me two big dinners. She
had a big fat goose from Western
University, Rev. F. Jesse Peck, presi
dent, last week. The president sent
it to her husband, and there was a
turkey dinner Christmas Day, and that
fellow came from way down yonder
in Texas.
The Rev. Dr. C M. Tanner is doing
some great things here in Chicago. T
have not seen him yet but as soon as
I do see him, I will let you know a
few things about him. God bless you.
I am sure that you are getting some
thing out of this life. Editor Taylor
has been doing some real good for
his people and mine, too. He is just
a good man. He does not make much
fuss about things, but Is going on de
fending our cause. He reaches people
of both races, for you will find as
many white people reading The Broad
Ax as you do our own people. I will
write to you another time.
I think it is time to bring this let
ter to a stop.
Eugene Fields of 3608 South State
street is spending the Christmas holi
days at Leavenworth, Kans., with
relatives and friends after a long ab
sence and will go to other points in
Kansas, returning to the dty about
January 1.
TAINMENT . The Virginia Society will give a
grand literary and musical on De
cember 30 at Barley's Hall, 3638 South
State street, at which time every Vir
ginian is expected to be present and
meet their friends inj the last meet
ing of the year.
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