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THE BROAD AX "
Published Every Saturday In this city since July 15th, 1899, witfjpfeut missing one single issue. Re publicans, Democrats,-Catholics, Pro testants, Single Taxers, Priests, infi dels or anyone else can have their say as long as their language is proper and responsibility is fixed. The Broad Ax is a newspaper whose platform is broad enough for all, ever claiming the editorial right to speak its own mind. It is neither Demo cratic nor Republican. It is strictly or absolutely independent in politics Local communications will receive attention. Write only on one side of the paper. Subscriptions must be paid in ad vance. One Year.*.$2.00 Six Months .$1-00 Advertising rates made known on application. Address all communications to THE BROAD AX CM> ho. Elizabeth St, Chicago. 11 Phone Wentworth 2597 JULIUS F. TAYLOR Editor and Publisher Associate Editor DR. M. A. MAJORS Chicago, 111., May 5, 1923 VoL XXVIII No. 33 Cotered as Second-Class Matter, Aug i*. 1902. at the Post Office at Chicago iH Under Act of March 8. 1879. THE NEW NEGRO IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS By Dr. M. A. Majors In the wake of new and greater reforms noW rocking the hemispheres the new Negro appears upon the scene. How he appears has all to • do with his appearing. Does he pre sent himself as a beggar in any sense whatever? He may tell the old politi cal (hulks) parties to go hang them selves? Does he appear upon the scene wholly as a hewer of wood and . drawer of water looking for some contemptible overlord to view him with hat in hand, trembling for fear or weak from hunger? Does he come upon the scene clad in rags, frail in form with a downcast look upon his face? Is he an object of pity with a sickly smile or sentimental grin, play ing the weakling at all times? Is he today low and humble, shivering in fear of the fires of hell, which has weakened his spine and kept him the weakling of all the races in all of the ages? Does he walk with that aching stoop with a bent and twisted form, the curse of cruel years of tyranny . and brutal usage? Is he a slacker in any of the great things that inspire the hearts of men of this generation? Is he a one-horse farmer? A one chair barber? A one-sided individual? In other words, has he gotten away from the idea that well enough will do? And that monkey shines and silly excuses is an evidence of prog ress away from the jungles? Is he moral or does he cherish in his heart the mistaken ideas of virtue displayed in the gaudy show of the prostitute? Has he sustained the noble teachings of his mother, or has he degenerated to the level of the brute like most of the races who represent civilization only in books? Is he an element of bungle in the present civilization of jungle ? Does he ever chase the rain bow? Is he a cheap product on the market of human insecurity, or can you count on him? That is, can you count on him like the Republican party used to count on his unillus trious sires- and grandsires? And this brings us up to where just a little bit of philosophy will fit in. Old forms have been shot to pieces by troth, sensible men can not hope to find a progressive people tied down any more by ^dogmas, ists or isms, nor carrying on like they used to carry on for the paltry contemptibleness of the white fool who can see nothing for black skin but contempt.' The new Negro will not be regarded as an easy mark by any specimen of the genus homo. The old Negro has been lied to around the world, and lied about in every age, in every country and in every language. He thinks, talks and writes about the new problems of life as they pre sent themselves to a full-fledged man. He philosophizes, analyzes and dis sects everything even as far as the minutest detail and he need not be told any buncombe because he today is able to follow thought beyond the distance of the farthest star. He stands upon the bedrock of truth and looks nut upon a world able from every intellectual point of view to see a cosmos whose imperfections were emphasized by the Holy One of Judea. The new Negro will not be cheated without returning Che ccroptanest to a disgusting degree. lie will not be - HON. KICKHAM SCANLAN One of the Honorable Judges of the Circuit Court of Cook County, Who Continues to Hold the Crooked and Dishonest Lawyers Level in His Court and to Relieve Them of Their Diamonds, Autos and Other Valuables. Judge Scanlan Always Stands on the Side of the People Whenever Their Rights Are Involved. fumbled with, nor accept smiles and pretty words as embodying truth when behind this theatrical scoundrel ism is the sycophant lying in wait for his supposedly misguided prey. He reads the Bible and thinks seriously upon the havoc wrought by gunpow der and he calls civilization a lie. He knows that physical destruction is bordering upon the edges of hell and he calls the would-be promoters of civilization liars without human com passion and divested totally of a human soul. Keep your promises. Give performances. He harks back to sentimentality. Give me justice' your pity is not worth a damn, and so the new Negro faces the present era of world progress with mind alert, a will ing heart and determination keyed up to the harmony of universal rhapsody full toned in the diapason of the prob lems on the human keyboard. Colored People Are Becomming More Interested In Their Voting Papers all over the country are con gratulating Chicago because, as they say, “its colored citizens are thinking men and women ” that they are no longer tied to the Republican party, but that more and more they are voting according to their convictions. An observer from the far west attrib utes the change of heart to Harding’s speech in Birmingham. “Lincoln gave the Negro to the Republican Party, but Mr. Harding gave him to the Democrats.” The Oklahoma City Black Dispatch, congratulates itself that its Negroes joined in the victory of a Democratic Mayor for that city, like Chicago and New York. AJI of them are thinking in terms of final results, not Republican, not Democratic, not Socialist, but who will give us what we want. We recall having read in the papers some time since an account of strange lights in the heavens. The populace was mystified, especially were the sup erstitious Negroes from plantations of the South terrified. These thought the end of the world had come. More recently we read an account of a wide ly known Egyptologist’s death under peculiar circumstances and coincident ally with the heralding of his success at having uncovered treasures in an ancient tomb. Immediately people the world over saw in this coincidental chain, an unbreakable chain of super natural evidences of spririt curses and the people were not superstitions plan tation Negroes either. No, Negroes are not the only superstitious folk in the world. Boston Chronicle. CONGRESSMAN DYER TO SPEAK MAY 28th 'i1., y Local officials, Chicago Branch, N. A. A. C. P. have made final arrange ments for the presence of Congress man Leonidas C. Dyer to speak Pil grim Baptist Church, 33rd and Indiana Ave., Monday May 23th at 8:00 P. M. An extensive publicity program is under way and a monster crowd is ex pected, not only in support of the work of the N. A. A. C. P., but as a public tribute to the patriotic and un selfish labors of Congressman Dyer in support of Anti-Lynching Legislation. The Congressman determines to present a bill similar to the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill at the next session of the U. S. Congress. The deter mination to renew with increased vigor efforts to pass such legislation is the result of the “Shame of America” newspaper campaign last fall and which is now reflected in demands from heretofore uninterested quarters. The growing disregard of law and order, the numerous atrocities at the hands of mobs has driven home the plea made by The National Associa tion for the Advancement of Colored People to remove the great blot of lynching from the current events of U. S. history. Congressman Dyer is making a circle from Kansas City to the Pacific Coast, up thru the Northwest, return ing via St. Paul and Milwaukee, stop ing at Chicago on May 28th and ending the next day in Indianapolis. Chicago’s 125,000 colored people will be fully represented at this great meet ing. The tour of the Congressman will be a great help to the cause and to the local branch work in Chicago as well as to the National office in New York. The local office at 3201 So. Wabash Ave., is in action as has been demon strated by many acts of public service among which was the breaking down of race discrimination at a “Loop” Theatre. Monday, May 28th is designed to be a special day for the N. A. A. C. P. in Chicago. Mr. Harold L. Ickes, Presi dent of the Branch will open the meet ing. An invitation has been extended to Mr. Raymond Robins to preside. N. A. A. C. P. REGIONAL WORK ADVANCES Morris Lewis, Regional Secretary, comprising Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin and Northern Missouri, has formed a Regional Speakers Bureau, prepared to serve the N. A. A. C. P. Branches and other organizations in the States named, interested in the work of the Association. The office of the Regional Secre tary is at 3201 S. Wabash Avenue, Chicago, 111. A speaking tour is now under con sideration. For full information, communicate with Mr. Lewis. THE CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR LEAGUE The Fifth Connectional Young Peo ple’s Congress of the A. M. E. church will be held in Birmingham, Ala., August 15-20, 1923. The Congress will bring together nearly two thousand representative men and women, ministers and lay men, who are interested in all phases of religious education. Among the special features are the Institute and School of Methods in Religious Education, conducted by experts; chorus of 200 voices; demon stration by 250 Allen Lifeguards (Boy Scout movement) in uniform; helpful Bible study, inspiring sermons and thrilling addresses, Sunday school, Young People’s Christian Endeavor, Missionary and social service work will be stressed. Special railroad rates and the best entertainment will be given. Bishop A: J. Carey of Chi cago and Rev. S.- S. Morris of Nor folk is secretary. « PEONAGE ATROCITY STORY COMES! FROM SOUTH CAROLINA Negro Mobbed, Robbed, and Sentenced to Death, His Baby and Wife Beaten White People Charged With Refusing to Pay Negro Labor State Supreme Court Orders New Trial A story of mob outrage committed >y white men of Saluda County, South Carolina, upon a peaceable and well o-do Negro, who was robbed and hen sentenced to death, and for whom l new trial has been ordered by the state Supreme Court, has been made >ublic by the National Association for he Advancement of Colored People, ’0 Fifth Avenue, New Yorfk City. L'he story is given in a letter written >y the Negro, Elliott Culbreath, as ollows: “My trouble arrived on the 4th Sat- j irday night in November, 1922. I was n my bed asleep and a mob of white nen came to my house and started shooting, and why they did that I lon’t know. They never said hello jr anything and they broke the back ioor open. My wife and children were taken, both—and my wife and :hildren began screaming and yelling and my wife was holding the front door and‘One of the children. One woke me up. They were shooting in the house and I asked them what the matter was and they said to me, there is a crowd out there after you. I ran to the back door and they shot at me and I ran behind the bed and got my pistol and I shot 2 (shots) out of the door.. But I did not hit anybody. When they stopped shooting they ran to the woods and stayed there a quar ter of an hour and I heard them com ing back. “They called my wife and asked her hadn’t they killed me and she told them no; he has just left here and they went behind the house and looked in the alley. And they found one of their men dead and they said, I thought that I had killed the ‘Nig ger’; and I shot the wrong man. My wife told the next morning (what had been said) and they beat her and put her in jail and kept her there three months. They told her if she told what they said, they would kill her. “That morning they run them all away from home and beat them all and the little baby was crying for bread and they knocked a hole in my baby’s head with a pistol. They stayed there and ate my food for two weeks. They left their automobile and slept there. They got there at 11 o’clock at night. If they had called me I would have gone anywhere they wanted me to. Because I have never done anything to anybody. My pistol was a .32 calibre and the man was killed with a .38. You see that there was no way for me to kill that man and the paper stated that he was killed with a .38 calibre. They came over here to the state penitentiary three times trying to make me tell them who done the killing. They are now punishing me for it and know they punish me for what one of their own men done. They said I shot him through the crack and there is no crack in my house. I asked the law yer to go to my house and look be cause there is no crack in my house. “They whipped all the colored peo ple so that they all are scared to do anything to help me. I had about 300 acres of land and I only tended to a 3-horse farm for myself and I worked a 5-horse farm for the white folks and let the best of my land lay out. I had not got anything out of the 5-horse farm that I worked for I ran an 8-horse farm in all. I was not half done picking cotton and had not gathered any of my corn. I always make one hundred bales of cotton and 1,500 bushels of corn. I had the best crop that I had in some time. I owed some on my land but it was not much. But I had made arrangement with the Federal Bank of Columbia, S. C., and was looking for the check the same week that this trouble happened to me. “They had loaned me $1,800.50 to pay up what is owed and the same time the trouble happened. They took all that I had even to my household and kitchen furniture and they took my clothes, and my wife’s clothes and all the chickens and my gun out of my house. They took 150 chickens, 14 hogs, 5 turkeys, 6 geese, 150 gal lons of syrup, 15 bushels of peanuts, all of my sweet potatoes, about 25 or 30 bushel, and about 20 bushel of peas. They took my gold watch, value $90, and my wife’s watch, value $60, and the girl’s watch, worth $35 and $65 in cash and a car worth $700. The whole value is about $8,000. My tax bill was from $60 to $85 every year I and I always have arranged to pay them. “My wife has not been back there since this trouble happened and none of the children either. I will tell you to boot that they even burned up my father’s fine big house. Write to Ep worth, S. C., to C. N. Dane. He will tell you all about it Mr. E. - is my lawyer but he doesn’t seem to do anything for me. Dear sir, if you can please help, for I have not had a fair trial and they will not give me a fair trial in South Carolina. “When they tried me the last time the jury brought out a verdict of not guilty and the judge made them go back in the room and change their de cision. My lawyer left before the jury came out and the judge told me that one juror gave me life and eleven want to turn me loose. The sheriff told my wife that if she would swear for me, that they were going to kill her or any of the rest of my people and they were scared to come to the court house and tell the truth about it. “You know they did not have a right to come to my house at 11 o’clock at night and break in. They claim that they had a warrant for me for a bale of cotton but it was untrue. They must have come there to kill mg, If they had called me I yrould have gone anywhere they wanted me to go with them and got them all the cotton they wanted. It seems to me like they would come in the day. I don’t see why they came at that time at night. I stayed around there one week and I saw they were going to kill me. I went into Georgia. They whipped Gus Glover so bad until the people are looking for him to die and Ida Culbreath, Sump Jones, Joe Culbreath, David Glover and Butler and all my family. They whipped all of them. I have got the names. Write these peo ple that I gave their names and they will tell: you all about it. “What they took from me was not less than $1,500 outside of 8 good mules that I had and they took them and caught all I had and I want it in DEATH OF JUDGE SAMUEL L. GASH OF LA PLATA, MO. Last week Col. Abram Dale Gash, one of Chicago's noted lawyers, with law offices at 118 N. LaSalle street, was called to La Plata, Macon*county, Mo., to attend the funeral services held over the remains of his oldest brother, Samuel L. Gash, who for a number of years honorably served as £ounty Judge of Macon county. Judge Gash was a prominent mem ber of the Baptist church of many years’ standing and in every respect he was an upright Christian and a patriotic American citizen and he will be greatly missed by his large circle of friends in LaPlata and Macon county, Mo. Col. Abram Dale Gash HON. MICHAEL K. SHERIDAN Member of the Board of Assessors of Cook County, Who is One of Its Painstaking Officials. He is Known as the Friend of the Small Taxpayer. the papers the way that they don^ me. We can get the money by suing the County for $10,000. “They only did that because 1 had lots of hands and they could not get none because I paid for work and the white people would not pay them for their work. I will move to New York if I can get out of here. The white people have beat them so in that coun ty until the Negroes are afraid to help me. The white people told them if they would help me they would kill them and they don’t want to be run off and have their land taken. “Why, they won’t let any of my children write to me and I'can not hear from them. This was done in Saluda County.” The State Supreme Court in review ing the man’s trial said that no one had been deputized to make the arrest of Culbreath. A band of men gathered at his house and some one called that the sheriff was there with a warrant, which was untrue, according to the Supreme Court’s review. The sen tence of death was held unjustified be cause the man was fleeing out of fear and not to escape arrest. With such brutal and savage re ports coming up from the South per taining to the hellish treatment of the Negro, it is no wonder that the col ored people in that section of the country continue to wend their way northward.—Editor. NEWS LETTER FROBi EARL INGTON, KY. The citizens of the City of Earling ton, Ky., were indeed shocked at the passing out of Mr. John Porter, who had been a resident of that city for many years. He had been one of the men who had been employed by the St. Bernard Mining Company for thirty-five years, holding some of the most responsible positions, being a man liked by not only the officials of the company but by every one who worked with him. All came to him for advice and looked to him in all their troubles or difficulties. He was a member of No. 9 Local and the members of this union cannot be praised too highly for the manner in which they responded to their broth er’s last call and left nothing undone. Most of the members own their own automobiles and each one attended the funeral. Although it was a muddy drive and beset with many dangers on account of the heavy rains and bad roads leading to the cemetery, friends of both races attended and sent beau tiful floral designs until the casket was one mass of beautiful flowers. Mr. Lincoln Teague of Madisonville, one of the most up-to-date funeral di rectors to be found anywhere, and also a life-long friend of the family, had the funeral in charge and too much cannot be said of him and his manner of taking care of every thing left in his hands. His splendid remarks which were added after the pastor had finished his sermon, were the words of a true friend and were appreciated by the family. Mrs. Bethel Davis Dowd of St Louis, adopted daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Porter, Mrs. Nora Lee of Chicago, sister of Mrs. Porter, Mrs. Greene and Mrs. Barnes of Mor ton, Ky., Mr. and Mrs. Elliott of Greenville, Ky., Mr. John Parish, unde of Mr. Porter, and Mr. John Parish, cousin, of Trenton, Ky., attended the funeral. The new Masonic Temple, a twenty thousand dollar building has been erected in Earlington, Ky., in the past few months and is now occupied. It has a theatre, dance hall, cafeteria, barber shop, lodge rooms and other rooms not yet occupied. It speaks well for these thrifty people in this city. k • Mr. Henry King, one of the wealthy men of our race in Earlington, has a first class pool and billiard hall in the Masonic Temple. Mr. King is one of the best business men in the city and as a citizen stands among the very best. Mr. and Mrs. King expect to motor to Chicago in the near future. Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Bacote have built a beautiful bungalow on Oak wood avenue, modern in every partic ular. The doctor has a wonderful practice and it is understood that he is accepted as one of the best physi cians in this part of the country. He and his lovely little wife entertained at dinner Sunday, Mrs. Dowd of St Louis, Mrs. Lee of Chicago and Mrs. Porter. Dr. Bacote has his office in the new Masonic Temple on the corner of Railroad and Rudder avenues, newly equipped with all modern appliances. Miss Eunice Childress has a pleasant posiyon with Dr. Bacote. He is loved by everybody and you will see his car on the country road at any time of the day or night. He is on the staff of the St. Bernard Mining Ca, looking after all the patients of our race, connected with the mines. More of our young men should go to these small cities and build themselves up as he has. Mrs. Hubbard Garrett has a splen did business on the main street of Earlington. Ice cream parlor and soft drinks. The young people keep her place crowded. The Rally of the A. M. E. Zion Church was a grand success, netting the church nearly eight hundred dol lars, Sunday night. A targe crowd at tended the Sunday services all day. They have a splendid choir and con gregation, and seem to be pleased with Rev. Moore, their pastor. _ Miss Lucille Garrett will spend a few weeks in Chicago visiting her cousin, Miss Beatrice Lee of 5259 Dearborn street this summer. She is one of the Earlington school teachers and a very talented young lady. Also Miss Mary Ellen Stoner. Mrs. Bethel Davis Dowd, a former teacher of Earlingtoii^- left for her home in St Louis, Mo., Monday eve. Mrs. Nora Lee returned to Chicago after spending a few days with her sister and other relatives in Kentucky. REV. AND MRS. JOHN W. ROB INSON ARE NOW LOCATED IN NEW YORK CITY. It will be pleasant, indeed, for the many friends of ftev. and Mrs. John W. Robinson in this city to learn that they and the other members of the family, including the grandmother, Mrs. Caroline Knight, are now lo cated at 237 W 53d street in that city. It will be recalled that Rev. Robin son constructed St. Mark church in this city at 50th street and Wabash avenue and built it up from nothing until it has become one of the leading and most prosperous churches in this city. Rev. Robinson ranked among the most active and useful citizens in this city. He was identified or connected with everything or with all move ments for the advancement of his race. He was one of the directors of the Douglass National Bank and the best wishes of the citizens of Chi cago, including the writer follow Rev. and Mrs. Robinson to New York City, where Rev. Robinson is bound to meet with great success. Once each week The Broad Ax will find its way into their home in New York City.