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leaving them to the local Government of
the State, becomes more and more mani- fest with every year's experience of the operations of our system. In a country of limited extent, with, but fow such objects of expenditure, if the form of government permitted it, a com mon treasury might be used for their im povement with much less inequality and justice than in one of the vast extent which ours now presents Jn population. The treasury of the world would hardly be equal to the improvement ofevery. bay, inlet, creek and river in our country whic" h might be supposed to promote the agricul tural, manufacturing, or commercial inter ests of a neighborhood.' : The Federal Constitution was wisely adapted in its provisions to any expansion I our limits and population; and with the advance of the Confederacy of the states in the career of national greatness, it be-' comes more apparent that the harmony of the Union, and the equal justice " to which all its parts are entitled, require that thd Federal Government should con fine its action within the limits prescribed by the Constitution to its power and au thority. Some of the provisions of this bill are not subjected to the objections stated and did they stand alone 1 should not feel it my duty to withhold my approval.-" ' '-: . If no constitutional objections existed to the bill, there are others ofa serious na ture .which deserve J some consideration. It appropriates between one and two mill ions of dollars for objects which are of no pressing necessity; and this is proposed at a time when the country is engaged in a- (nrniitrii' nrar anl' !.. . present session has authorised a loan or an issue of Treasury ' Notes to defray the expenses of the war, to be resorted to if the "exigencies of the Government shall require it." It would seem to bo the dic tate of wisdom under such circumstances to husband our means, and not to waste them on comparitively unimportant ob jects so that we may reduce the loan or issue of Treasury Notes -which may be come necessary to the smallest practica ble sum. It would seem to be wise, too, to abstain from such expenditures to avoid the' accumulation of a large public debt, the existence of which would be opposed to the interests of our people, as well as the genius of our free institutions. Should this bill become a law, the prin ciple which it establishes will jnevitablv lead to large and annually increasing ap propriations and drains upon the treasurv, for it is not to be doibted that numerous other localities not embraced in its pro visions, but quite as much entitled to the favor of the Government asc those which are embraced will demand through their representatives in Congress, to be placed on an equal footing with them. With such an increase of expenditure must nec essarily follow either an increased public debt, or increased burdens upon the poo pie by taxation, to supply the treasury with the means of meeting the accumulated de mands upon it. With profound respect for the opinions of Congress, and ever anxious,as far as I can consistently with my responsibility to our common con stituents,to co-ope rat-i with them in the discharge of our respective du ties, it is with unfeigned regret that I find myself constrained, for the reasons which i nave assigned, to withhold my approval tuui iuu uiii. ; ifAilllJO IV. 1 UJ-ifY. Washington, Aug, 3d, 1846. " It appears that some doubt existed as to whetherGreat Britain should enjoy the navigation of the Columbia River after the Hudson's BayXompany's charier ex pired in 1863; but Mr. Pakenham obvia ted the dotlbt bv ftdmitllnor thnt tha rtrxt - was strictly limited; within the charter, i and could only be enjoyed for Seventeen years longer i e., till 1863.- In making this.admission, it is only fair to assume that Mr. Pakenham acted not only within the spirit, but up to the letter of his instruct tions; but it is hard to reconcile this ad. mission with the ministerial statement of Str Robert Peel, on Monday, the 29th June, in the House of Commons, wherein he gave his. audience to understand that the free navigation of the Columbia was unclogged with any restrictions-whatever. English: War ; Steamers Ncw IAna tri ike Pacifc.- Four mail war steamers have recently commenced running along tho whole western coast of South Ameri ca; connecting, via. Panama acd Chagres, with the old line of English maiL steamers running to England. - These lines form a communication with Europe, which is three months quicker than the old passage round Cape Horn, and by which the. Eng lish Government hears ot important events transpiring in the Pacific before they can be made known to the Government of the United States. On important occasions these "mail steamers rsfuso to take indi viduals or letters connected with the ser vice of the United States or other Govern ments, although supported in part by-A merican merchants doing business in the Pacific! '. . . . Great I ire at Lapraieie 300 hoit- scs Destroyed. -Ths Montreal Times of the 6th, contains th particulars of a most destructive fire at Laprairie, at theluncs tion of the Sorrel and St. Lawrence, about ten miles above Montreal, on Wednesday night, by which the" greater part of the town was reduced to ashes, It is suppos cd that the fire originated in a . blacksmith 6hop, about half-past 7 P. but from what cause has not yet been ascertained. From the strong south-westerly breeze which prevailed, the flames quickly com municated all round, and continued until o o clock this morning, ' 300 houses were coneumed, and bet wee a three and four fcundred iatr.mes. deprived cf house and saeiie.r. Kr Judge G reer of Pittsburgh' h !.n nom.-nateu to tho vacancy of the Supreme JGLIET SIGNAL. J Q L IET, ILL. ' v Tuesday, August 18, 1816. : ; ;:,TnE;TETIBESSAGE,; r: 'We this ' week pulJish'the -Veto Meg sage of Mr. Polk, on the River arid Har bor Bill, It is extremely to be regretted that the President has felt constrained to cut: offat a blow, all appropriations for our rivers and harbors, on grounds of tech nical construction of the Constitution; and lhar notwithstanding , 2?enocrafic; Presi dents have for years been in the habit of approving measures of the kind. " Some extremely nice distinctions are taken in the Message, which, it appears to us, are of small practical consequence. If a riv er should be improved, what matters it whether a port of entry is established at one point or another above or below? The rivers of the great Mississippi Valley furnish a continuous navigation of over ten thousand miles, through the richest coun- try in the world. Tho annual value of the commerce of these waters, has been estimated at over three hundred millions of dollars. Is all this of no consequence? and is it not worthy the countenance and protection of Government? The annual loss of life in navigating these rivers, has been estimated at one hundred and thirty. live persons. ; The annual loss ofnroper. ty in consequence of snags, dec, is im mense. The States have no power, to! enter into leagues for the improvement of those streams running through several States, and unless the' federal government uilt exercise the power, it must remain dormant, and a reckless loss of life and property be the consequence. It woujd seem as if the urgency of the case and the magnitude, of the object, should overcome any new scruples which might arise in the mind of an abstractionist. But the appropriations for our Lakes seem to be of the most pressing impor tance. It is on them that life and prop erty, without the protection of safe and convenient harbors, are most imminently endangercd. Their navigation can nev er be as safe as it fchould be, until large sums are expended at convenient points along their shores. And how is this to be done? Are constitutional objections in the way? Have we an imbecile govern ment that can do nothing to protect its main branches of commerce? Whether the commerce of our lakes and rivers is with foreign nations, or between the sev? eral States, matters not. Both are with in the control of Congress, or our funda mental law is of but little practical utility. The trade of the lakes now forms a strong arm of our national commerce. Paralize it, endanger it, and we inflict a lasting blow on the prosperity of the country. No trifling consideration can justify a refusal to afford the mariner a shelter from the storm, or.a neglect to extend to him all the protection and security which the per ilous nature of his employment will war rant. . . ., ' And while western men have been la boring with a commendable zeal to get through Congress appropriations which almost seem indispensable, it is extremely painful to the 'people of the West, who do knowher necessity, to have them all cut off at the close of , the session by the ac tion of the President. Yet, he has hts duty to perform, and if he performs , it conscientiously ye hafe. no right to find fault with the , man. It is to be hoped, however, that the West will soon be able to exercise & due influence in the affairs ot tne Jiationr that she- will be -able: to command, and not be compelled to suppli- cate. Meanwhile, let those of the IiTi nois delegation, who saw fit to vote against western interests, rest under their honors as easily "as possible, fora day of retribu tion will come. The loss of a single life for want of suitable- appropriations, is of more consequence-than all the ultra no tions ofwestem orsouthern abstractionists. And we say let the West speak out on this matter, and demand that their commerce, which is iheir very life, have meted put to it that protection which more ' favored parts of the Union havo long enjoyed. V Panic. The "Whig press is . striving hard to create a panic in the minds' of the people, in consequence of the new Tariff. Let them struggle! The march of Free Trado is onward,, and it is not in the pow'. er of the whig party t6 retard its progress. The time for the success of the narrow, bigoted policy of tho protectionists, is al ready past. . Its reign is'over, and a more wholesome and liberal creed is fist 'get- tiag a permanent 'ascendency -"j :-ir.-. : OTlt is re ported, at Washington, that Mr. Buchanan will be the .next minister to France. - - ; "- ' ;v. . V "-'J' "- ,... ' ' ore Troops.t A company of mount ed men, in addition to Col. Sterenson'r regiment,-are organizing in New, York for the California expedition, - - GLORIOUS DE3I0CRATICrYICT0SY! Sufficient returns ; have been received , . at : SprinCeld to render" it rprtain- iKat French and Wells are elected by 15,000 majority. : There -will be a large Derno- cratic majority in the Legislature, and the uemocrats have been remarkably.succes- ful in electing their county rticketsi Six out of the seven Congressmen Illinois is iv v t - , . 1 , ; entitled to, are Democrats, viz: Douglass, Turner, Wentwprth, Smith, McCleinand, and McLoughlinj : all of whom are elected by majorities' varying from a few hundred to several thousand. Trumbull is defeat ed in the first district by Smith, the pres ent member. The latter was the inde pendent candidate, and beat Trumbull, ac cording to the State Register, by a major ity of about 1800V - But little -is known, as yet, respecting the vote for a Conven tion, though the probability is it has car ried. ' Sangamon county gave 1783 for it, 335 against. - t: . ; On the whole, the triumph of Democrat- ic principles in Illinois is complete. There has been no wavering, ;but our. State has gone steadily on and achieved a noble victory. . . ; ' C;. OFFICIAL RETURNS. Vote for REPKESENTATIVE3 DlSTUICT. v v. IN this o -2. Candidates. O o 1868 1852 1843 Wm. E. Li'tle, 948 658 262 945 660 247 932 667 244 978 658 447 476 303 158 442 299 33 452 302 ' 32 267 277 285 277 270 281 . . :f Abolition. John Miller, C. E. Kinney Micajah Stanley, 2083 Hiram Todd, 937 774 786 Robert Strong,f IS. a. Morton.t O. H. Haven.J 544 Peter Stewart,! 562 Josiah Strong, 551 Dem. -Wh N(.te. Mr. Stanley was the only can didate nominated in Iroquois county. Foubth Congressional District. Counties. Wentworth. Cook maj 1638 Lake do 466 McIIenry do 252 Boon do 163 Bureau do 116 x Will do 443 De Kalb do 450 Du Page do 355 Kendall do 258 Grundy do 403 La Salle do 780 Kane do 400 Iroquois do 119 Champaign do 87 Vermillion do 8 Maj. thus far, 5637 Kerr. Livingston and McLean to hear from. They will not much alter this majority. Melancholy ' Accident. As a Mr. John Jennings, of this place, was return ing home from Chicago on the evening of the 12th inst., with a load of lumber and shingles, his horses took fright while com ing down the hill on the west side of the river and in attempting to hold them, the shingles on wbirb bp, sat almnpri -whiMi threw bim nflTin front nf W9nn ,J . .. . ... "-6; Dotn wneeis passed over nis breast, brun. ing him in such a horrible manner that he lived but a short time. Mr. Jennings was a worthy and indus- tnous young man, and has left a wife ani one child to mourn his sudden and pain ful death. ' .. fi" " UttS 6CHl lu lue oenaie a report, which shows that the people of the United States were compelled to pay, under the onerfltionanfihft larifTnfi Rio "., . I -. . - y,uw,uuu, in oraer to enable tbe gov- ernment to raise some 18,000,000; or that whilst paying $18,000,000 in taxes to the government, they were compelled to pay 876,000,000 to manufacturers..; Sunk. -A steamboat loaded with gov ernment stores, bound for Fort Leaven worth," struck a snag and sunk.below the mouth ot the Lamine river. " Boat and cargo a total loss. "' J v lEf'The steamship "Great Western" arrived "at New-York, on Monday 3d inst. She brings no news of importance. Morris, August 10th, IF 46. Messrs. Editors:-A most shocking accident happened this morning to our fel- low-townsman. Patrick Stanton, frcjn the running away ofa spanof horse and wa- . - : . w himself from the wagon was struck w ith the hind wheel on the back; which caus ed his death in 25 minutes. Mr. Stanton was a native of Ireland, about 32 years old, was a Blacksmith by trade, and an honest and jndustrious citizen, whose life is to be wept by a wife-and two-lovely children. "C" : F ; ERRATA.-7-Capt.' Walkbu will excuse us for the error wre accidentally made, in the, election returns bf; 'last week,' In stead ot -putting him " an rabolitionist, it should have been, democrat, of course.- The abolitionists have no particular busi ness with Capt; ,Walkeiv ' C: -"-;Si i From Washington5. Veto of ths French -Spoliation Bill.; V ;; J Saturday, August 8 -; The boat does not bring the close of iturday's proceedings. . After the Senate went into - Executive Session,'a message was received announc- ing the veto of the French Spoliation Bill, Th? . bill appropriating 82,000,000 to , , . r a i . with Mexico, after an exciting debate, pa83e by aote pfYea3 &5, Nays79, an amendment haying been adopted prohibit- ing slavery ; in California. The Herald !9.,he important question of peace with legislation. - Many of, the members are anxious even now for a weeks addition to the Session, but we suppose it will not be conceded; probably not proposed. , The $2,000,000 bill will certainly be passed. The same paper further states that there has been no proposition made by Mexico IUUUI VJUVCl lllUCIll, IIUl UIC1G is auuuuci standing that if the U. States made'over- tures now. thev will not be rejected This has been conveyed through Conn O'Con ner. me iuexicans are largely m our debt They cannot pay us in hard cash, and therefoie we will be content to take a portion of their territory in liquidation of the debt. California is that portion , of the Mexican territory that she can best spare, and that portion that is most desira ble for us to obtain; but "if we dtfsire to have our territory nicely- squared off, we would have more than would precisely extinguish our claims, and therefore the President desires to have a sum of money put at his disposal, to purchase so much as we cannot equitably claim in liquda tion of our debt. This is precisely the state of our Mex ican relations just now. Gen. Taylor will prosecute the war with vigor still, aud Commodore Conner maintain a strict blockade on Vera Cruz. Whenever a favorable opportunity may occur, our .fleet will attack San Juan de Ulioa; lampico wiH be taken as soon as the weather gets cooler; but these operations may be ren dered unnecessary by a mutual agreement for the cessation of hostilities, and for n amicable adjustment of difficulties. Final Adjouenment or the Twenty Ninth Congress. Monday, Aug. 10th. The Senate this morninff passed the Smithsonian bill just as it came from the house; rejecting the committee's amend ments. - The civil and diplomatic bill passed as concured in by the committee of confer ence. . A debate then ensued on the veto on the. French Spoliation bill. . Alter discussion, the vote was taken when the bill came near passing the Senate, by a two third vote. Mr. Fairfield reported from the com mittee of conference, on tho navy appro. pnation bill. . There was a disagreement on the 5th and 8lh sections of the bill- The Senate then receded from the 4th section, making an appropriation for the Pensacola dry dock, and insisted on the 9th, making an appropriation for . Fort Severn, at Annapolis, Md. Mr. French, clerk of the House, here appeared, and stated that they had agreed with the Senate on ti e civil and diplomatic appropriation bills, so that they now only want the signature of the President tobe- come laws. The Senate after some miscellaneous business, had a bill before them appoint point-Rich- ingRufus Choate; W. C. Preston, arJ Rusn, A. D. Bache, Gideon Hawley, xc. regents of the Smithsonian Institu tion. 1 he bill for its establishment hav ing been signed by the President, these appointments were then passed. . The P. O. bill was then taken up and the provisions, of the House restoring the franking privilege, and the old system The bill .making an appropriation for the Maine difficulties was taken up, but before the vote could be reached, the hour ot adjournment arrived, and the Senate went into executive session and soon efter adjnurnec; .The House went into committee of the whole on the navv appropriation bill on the navy The amendment of the Senate making an appropriation for private "pensions was concurred in. -'- The committee on conference reported the compromise on the disagreement of the two houses on the civil and diplomatic bill." Bill then passed. ; - A message was received from the Presi dent, informing the house "that he had singed the civjl and diplomatic bill and the bill establishing the Smithsonian Institute. 'The Speaker appointed Owen .Hough, and M. Ilillard regents of said institute. - The post -route bill" with the - Senate amendments was then taken up and and the amendments agreed to; striking out all but the post-routes, the bill passed. - The Speaker now said, the hour of 12 Hvin a"lvc.(!: PPf ed, tho House anjnurneq until ine nrsi ;,jonuay in jjo No Slavery in ORECON.The House of Representatives, by a vote of 108 to 43, have passed a bill" prohibiting the exist ence, of slavery in Oregonl : Both of the Texas members. voted in tho affirmative as also did a few others from the slave States. Only two persons from the free etates voted in. the negative O. B. Fick lin and C.J Ingersoll. i-M; . . " . ; fjCrExGov, Bouck has been appointed receiver general at New York. : t ' , ; We see it stated that C. R. Milier, who killed R. S, Smead, one.of the volunteers, recently at Vicksbu rg, had been tried by a court martial,' condemned 'and shot.- . From the Ft . Loui Reveilie 9ih inst : Ffosi the Rio- Grande. - - The volunteers disbanded-The St. Lov'm J Legion noia on iheir. ttayChoihT.;-'-;- lCC?"A gentleman, arrived yesterday on the North Alabama,- from i Cairo, brings news of the receipt at Cairo of: an extra yune, stating that all the six months vol unteers, including the St. Louis Legion, and all the Louisiana volunteers, under Gen. Smith, had been disbanded by Gen, Taylor, in obedience to orders from Wash ington. v...,-, Col. Balie Peyton's and Col. Feather- ston's regiments of Louisiana volunteers, being deemed to have been illegally mus tered mto " service bv Maior General Gaines, were also ordered to be disbanded . General Desha, with, a company of six month's volunteers from Alabama, had ar rived in New Orleans, on their ..way to the Rio Grande,' and. had determined to turn home, - "V . : It is said that the volunteers were al lowed to re-enlist for.twelvfr monihs if they chose to. do so, "but it was .presumed. that they would generally- prefer' returning home.- " The letter of Gen. Taj-lor announcing the dismissal of the volunteers is fpokeu of in the highest terms. - . r- When the Empressario left, most of the regular troops had gone to Camargo, wucre it is probalilo all are by this time. Unless Gen. Taylor had been , detained, on account oi the witndrawal ot so mapv volunteers from the army, to makernew arrangements "regarding the disposition of the remaining ones, he has joined the regular army ere this at Camargo. r . i he Texan troops were about taking up their march for Mier. ' ' Several tine artillery companies had ar rived from the sea-board before the Em pressario left. : --: ' " - . Gen. Smith had proceeded with the ?d and 4th Regiments U. S. Infantry-up to Camargo, commencing with his rank a3 Colonel in the army. It will be recol lected that Gen. Smith has been apppoin. ted Colqlel of the new Regiment of moun ted Kiliemen;.and it is upon his commis sion as such that he now acts. - . ; . Governor Henderson was lying dan gerously ill at Matamoras at the latest dates-7-very little hope was, if any, enter taincd of his recovery. No news had been icceived of the wheretijouts of the Mexican army. Let- ters had been received at Matamoros from Mexico, which stated that Paredes was to leave that city to join theanny. The 20th ult, was the day assigned by these letters for bis departuro for the seat of war. Brig. Gen. Hamer was to.le left in com mand at Matamoros, where a regiment of volunteers was to be stationed and the forts garrisoned by artillery. More extensive hospitals had been or dered to be erected at ..Point Isabel for the accommodation ofa large number of sick. ' . Later from the Army. The New York is at New Orleans, with dates to the 29th. We have only time for the following. A gentleman arrived at Matamoros on the 29th, from Monclova direct, and in a very short time, passing through Canadala.Tascala, Willa, Alta na, Sabines, Mier, Camargo, and Rey onossa, states that every thing was per fectly quite on the route. The Mexicans are expecting the approach of our arrm He learned on the road that there had been no farther arrival of troops at Mon terey. , '. '" Letters had been received stating that Paredes had arrived at San Louis, with 9000 men; but having received dispatches, by express, he countermoved hi3 command and proceeded to retrace his steps to the city of Mexico. The reason of this sud den about-face, is only to be attributed to some pronunciamento at the Capital. Tnoors for CnincAHUA. Capt. Wash ington, U. ts. Artillery, states the number of troops ordered to proceed against Chi huahua, at 4705. It is to be constituted as follows: .. Light Company 4th Artillery, 1 12 men 2 Companies 6th Regiment In. 200 Squads 2Regiments of Dragoon3,150 2 Regiments Illinois Infantry, 1,551 1 Regiment Arkansas Horse, 777 1 Battalion Arkansas Foot; 333 1 Regiment Texan Horse, 777 I Regiment Texan Foot. ; 777 Total, ' ; ' 4,70j ; They are to proceed to San Antonio' de Bexar, and thenc into Chihuahua, be tween Santa Fo and Geu. Taylor's com mand. Gen. Butler is to lead them. V Insubordination. rlt " appears that the Chicago corps of volunteers, belong-' ing to Col. HardinV regiment, refused to embaik on board a vessel chartered - to convey them to Brazoi Santiago. Captain Mower made a spe'ech to his company, advising them to disobey orders in this particular, and they followed his advice. At this juncture Col. Hardin arrived on the ground with four' companies of men, and ordered the mutineers on .' board. The captain was put under arrest. Re. veille. ' :r".' .; -:.;. ; . .,.. " The 6aEx.TBEATV.MrGraham, of the North American,. doesV not know who sent him the treaty. - He is at Wash ington, and has ' been ; exi mined by ' the special-committee. :"Ir is "thought T the' source from which he obtained' the docu ments will hbtbe discovered. 1 The sdc- wai twuuiiucenaa made no progress.- ..... ... ouaiorirom Elaine is to be contested.. Not ice to -that effect ha Deen duly served on him. Y , Major Gen.; Patterson' of Philadelphia, passed Cairo oh his way to. the south, on Auursaay last. -. : f c"7-!Ta.n! wil1 W her interest. From the N, O, Dvl:a. 0CThe followinir oroclamatirn been issued bv Gen. lished in the English and Spanish larua- yes in ine iviatamoras papers: 5 ... AProclaiaalicn. .. the General Commanding the Army 'of '' - Jhe U' States of America. To the People of Mexico' A fie r many years of patient endurance the U nited fctates are constrained to acknowl edge that a war nowexists beWcen our goyernmert end Meiico: " For rr.acy years purcitizens have been subjected to repeated insults and injuries, curjesela and cargoes seized and, confiscated, our merchants have been plundered, maimed, imprisibriedy without cause, and without reparations; and at length your govern-' raent acknowled the justice, of our claims, and agreed by treaty to make satisfaction by payment of several millions of dollars: but this treaty has . been violated by your rulers, and the stipulated payments have been withheld. Our late effort to termi nate all difficulties by peaceful negotiation has been rejected bj' the Dictator, Pare des, and our minister of peace, whom your rulers had agreed to receive has been re fused a bearing. He. has been treated . with indiguity and ' insult, and Paredes has announced1 that Avar exists between u. This - war, thus first proclaimed by him, has been acknowledged as an ex:s- with perfect unanimity, aid will be pros-J ecuted with vigor and energy against your army ana rulers; but those of ihe Mexican people who remain neutral xr ill not bo molested. '. ' - . Your government is in the hands of tv- rants and usurpers. - They have abolish ed your State governments, they have over thrown your Federal constitution, they have deprived you of the right of suffrage, destroyed the liberty of the press, despoil, ed you of your- arms, and reduced you to i state absolute dependence upon the pov-:. er of a Military Dictator.-; - Your army -and rulers extort from the people by eriev- i ous taxation, Dy forced loans, and milita ry seizures, the very money which aus- ; tains the usurpers in power. Being dis armed, you were left defenceless, an easy prey to the Camanches, who not only de stroy your lives and property, but drive in to captivity, more horrible than death it self, your wives and children. It is these tyrants and their corrupt and cruel satel lites, gorged .with the people's treasury, by whom you are thus oppressed and im poverished, some, of whom have boldly advocated a monarchical government, and would place a European prince upon tho lueiico. e come to obtain reparation for repeated injtiry; we come to obtain in demnity for the past, and security for the future; we come to overthrow the tyrants who have destroyed your liberties, but we come to make no war upon the people of Mexico, nor upon any form offree gov ernment they may -choose to select for themselves. It h our wish to see, you liberated from despots, to drive back the savage Camin ches, to prevent the rene wal of their as saults, and to compel them to restore in you from captivity, your long losl wives vuuuieu. iour religion, your alters and churches, the property, of your chur ches and the citizens, the. emblems of your faith and its ministers shall be protected, and remain inviolate. . Hundreds of our army, and hundreds of thousands of our people, are members of the Catholic Church. Ia every State, and in nearly every city and village of ohc Churches' exist, and the Priest per form their holy functions, in no mA cunty, under the sacred guarantee of our Constitul ion. We come among the peo ple of Mexico as -friends, and republican brethren, and all who receive us as such, shall be protected, whilst all who are. se duced into the army of your Dictator, shall be treated as enemies, We shall want from you nothing but food for our army, and for this you shall always be paid iu casn me iuji value. It iiihe settled policy of your tyrants to de ceive rnn J n r-a gardtothe policy and character of our Government and people. - These tyrants fear the example of. our free institutions and constantly endeavorfto misrepresent our purposes, and inspire you with hatred for your republican brethren of the Amer ican union, otve us but tho xypportuni mty to undeceive you, and you will: soon learn thatall the representations of Pare, des were false, and were only made io in duce you to consent to the" establishment ot a despotic Government., ; In your: struggle for liberty, with the bpanish Monarchy, thousands ofourcoun trjmen risked their lives, and shed their bl )od in your defence. Our own Commo dore, tho galiant- Porter, maintained ia triumph your flag upon the ocean, and our Government was the firbtto acknowledge your independence.: - "With - pride and pleasure we; enrolled your name on the ist independent Republics, and sincere ly desired that you might in peace and prosperity enjoy all the-blessings of frea government. Success cn the part of your tyrants against tho army ol the Union L impossible, but, if they could succeed, it would only be to enable them to fill your town with their soldiers, eating out your substance, and harrassing you with still more grcvious taxation.. - Already they have abolished the liberty of tbe press, as the first step towards the introduction of that.Monarcby, which it is their real pur pose to proclaim and establish. : t Mexicans,. we must treat as enemies and., overthrow., the tyrants, who whilst they have wronged and insulted us, have deprived you of your liberty; but the Mex ican DeOOle. Who. remain npnfr .Jnrinrr the contest, " shall be protected against their military despots, by the Republican Army of the Union. 1 Z. Taylor, B't Maj. Gen USA com'g. ..Three editors "in St. Louis are candi dates for the clerkship cf the criminal court.