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Juliet signal. [volume] (Juliet [i.e. Joliet], Ill.) 1844-1???, May 28, 1861, Image 1

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. TUB JOlalKT IISSL,
pnMlihedTery Toeeday,ea Jefferson Street Joliet,
Will Cuonty, Illinois.
C. & C. ZARLEY,
(ditosi abd rsorftixt oas .
Jollat Sttm.l Rates of ActrU.IB
r
O.Sqnar.A'10I!.e.or !...,..!.,. t,
ach enbecoaent Inaertl . . . '
On.coisaiB.tarelveBotit . . . . "
On. " aiz . . LI,
Dair twelr. .
NA
, C
Terms of 8abserlptlm
Onyr. In advance,
If fmi witlon the year,
if aol paid within the year,
$150
loo
tie
. aitbarrtptlonefora period teaa than a yenr.wl be
- eeelTed oa turma proportioned to the abure pnelratce
Noanbwrll'tlon will be dlecontinned nntW all arrear
eneaarel.aiU.caceptatthe option of th pnbliab.te
. 4rUtterimn.t be pre-paid to insorcaltention .
ODIIKES! CAUDI,
11IUS. II. MARSH, Aorneyand Connaelor atLaw
and Solicitor in faaocery.
orrica JCo.29 Ji-teraon tret, Juliet, III Inole.
WM. C. OiviDHCE, Attorney and Conneetor at
Liw. JinceonJefferBun St., (orer Aire. Kava
earn MC'inerT Store,) Juliet, Illinois. ntttf
C-f 8. THOMAS, M. D., PliTilriau and Purgeon
X . offers hia pmfeaaionnl nirvi-a to the citizen of
J. .li.-t and Ticinlty. Office No. 77 Jeffcraon at., over
B. Illirkman'e Drna; Store, oppwlte the Court llonae,
Residence on Kaatien Arenae, in J. F.linwh'n House.
lUf) Joliet, Illinoia.
W STEVEV8, Attorney and Connaelor at
, VT Law, and General Lnnd mnil Collecting agt-nt.
Coiltctiouapromptly remitted.
O'HCC in l(ler'e new Block, Jollet.IU.
11
WD ALL k POLLER, ATTOHNKVS AT LAW
juiit, Illinois. ulTt
ttORERT3 k O K)D3PKKI, Attorney nnA Conu
ivLUonat Lw, Joliet, Illinois. Office in Stone's
Black
J. X CB0BKV.TI
T-ia -VRV A OROVKR, Attorneys A Conn or t Law
)J.;Hot.UUnola. Oittc nppoutr Court House, JefTer
son tr?M.
T,1 K. BAILEY, M, D.,Ptijiriftn and Surgeon, res
X pctfi!1y offers his nrofnionml -WTirs to the
r poplC loHt tviil TicinitT. O (Bee, over Woodruff's
(. innt tftw. Ilesltleuseoii Hickory Street, opposite G.
H. WoulruCHi.
JR. STRKRTKR. Attrtniy nJ Connwlor at Law.
. Office. Jffrroa Street, Juliet, Illinois.
ITltKU. A. BARTLKSON, Attorney at Law, Juliet, III
1 Co lie-Hon Ac., promptly attended to.
jaly 12.1H66.
1 V!K3 A ELWOOO. Attorneys Couniors. Joliet.
Will Cvmnty, Illirwt. OtUco, North elde of tue pub
. Lie i'luaro, JofftTion 5U
a. d. i. fAim. w.p.gr.wX)D.
m Q. IIILDRURANT. Attorney and ConnMor at law,
1 will pra"riieln Will ntl the adjoining conntle.
KM bnsinesaentnisted to bim will be promptly attended
P.irHcnlarattention paid to the prosecution of doubt
J rlnfme.
' TLHIl A C. FKlXOWd, Attorney and Connweb.r at
J j Law and S-1ieitr and Connfwlnr In Chancery, will
reiilirly att-nd the Court 0 in the conn tits of Will. Iu
Kendall. McIL'nry, tirnndyand Iroqnofn. Office,
'" over K.M. Iray'e Drugg Store, JciTrrflon-t., Juliet, 111.
JAMES PLRTCIIBK. Attorney at Law. Utddlcport
Iroqnnia conuty, Illinois,
Ci A. WASHINGTON, Attorney and Counselor at law
will attend fiiithfully to all hnriueae etitrasU-d to
icar, in thia end the neljchlrhtic mnntiei.
Mi l-lleport,Iroinoii comity, Illinois,
n(SA 11, AttTnt-v ,tnd Coutinvlur at Law. Juliet,
. Will CVmnty,Iliiimie.
JAO'lII A. WHIT KM AX. Attorney and Ommelor at
Uw ind S ilicitor in Clmncory. Middlcport. IroOoi8
sontity, Iliinoia.
f T H. RKKCrflermftii KclerHr D,clor and Oculist
; rl oitl- eon UlnfTit., Wttnt ldo, where he may be
Vmiu1 rtt h!I time ready and willing t wnit upon t!ie
1 lit k und tftlirt'''!. Ho would (nt say to hoe that nre
' illli' l.il wilh DHejwr of t!, Kj". that ho devotes the
-, wrentn f e.ich day to that branch f htM profeion.
A. II. MEA1, b removof! hin OfTlcrt over K. M.
Ilmy's Oriiir Storo. on Jefferson t., where persons
. - linwd to empl"y ium can ilwnya find biui hen nut
r pr.'f-iiitmMy alrfieiit.
T V!- NT- K- WOWXSN. Opiweite tbe Court House,
t J ) Join t, lllidois.
I A. L. M ART HER, IMiynirfan add Snrc.on olTi-rs
1 h! prof--ion il rvire to tlie riti7.en of Jo) jot and
vin'nity. O'Hre in the Omnibus Rloek. directly over Mr.
Wvdruffs Drnt; store. Residence Ottaw n st.
' Wf J . 11 K ATI! , P.dice Mi-triit". and Ju-fice o
W the I'em-e, Or'tiv-e uu corner of JeiTttrMou A Cbi-CM-o
.-ire'U. Jtdiet, I II.
WiM itt'-nd promptly to all bninejis lntrnied to hi
'- Atc. 0 i!thi. pnyin txes, c-mveymicing, and all
tur loiiiiieis rtainii: to hi ofltrc.
K. KENXJIii BUU50N, jlin in,k., Urnudy Co
Illiuois. ( junc J6 n
0
J. CJUUIN. M. 1).. IMiiiiilieid. Will Conntv
Illinois.
E. I. D UU O IS,
For wading & Commission Mercliatnt,
1 WtLMiy'tToV. I:.i..
I HKR. L n'lvam e rm-le to MrrneM. who pref r to
- J i wun cliic0-iai to their fi iendeiu Cbiiago, -r .t.
L'nii.
A. CO.MSTOCli,
f IVIL KNTT'KK!t AVU 1) K S'UT V C0rT Y SCI
VV VV d. liMn-t IM.up Irawu to order.
K -e i i if 0 i ii i t li-jtuo.
doolC-i27
MltS.IIARItlKT K1L1.MKU, Femal riiy-klim.of.
f-rt h-r irfe"ioiiil sfrvires t hr vu m x. in
0Mtetric,aiid the d 'nHet i n.-ident to women find rl il
Jt.mi. She will :l-o utten.l profc-tHioij al cull" g- ncnilly
g"4i leorein K ixt .loliet.
O K . T I S T K V
v Pn. A. C. ALLEN. nrnuuiMit!y lorntd
7 III . I. 'lit t. i pi. pirt t! t.. HMforin nil
rfTTF "per;iti n in flirt iroffnioii. in tli
' liitt-tr nrl nn'sc 'ir"Tfti ftle. Arti-
n. l.tl .ln. ir..in hip? Tolh toa full sett, inserted on
tin Aimuiptieric piiitt-ipl.
T.-.-'.Ii Kiiriv'i..) witliout pn'n.
r orn. K itn J. rn St., in Il iwley's Xew Rnildinc
, T K. STREKTEK, Curnniiioner f.f Iee-U for tii.
.- St4te..f lVmi-ylvan:. Will tHke proof andaekri
lR-rte Ivreiic-nt f lccU and other iiiHtrnmentH to he
ti ei .r rixjidcd m stud Suite. Oltice nu Jefli rson nt..
, ji-t HI. .
.11. I". II AI.
rT)
KXTIS r.--oiBc-e oa Oliicaeo Street, etneen
Jtl-Titon and V.mi lltireu.
r All w,rlt tVurrentmi.
nol-ly
DUAFTH SOLD OX NEW YORK,
'! CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, and MILWAUKEE, WIS.,
' ' V BILL 01 1XC11A CAS HID Oft COLLECTED.
fc i Inquire of the undeiwt;mcd.
- 1 UK1 OSGOOD, Joliet, Illinois.
,f MOSEY RECEIVED ON DEPOSIT,
CONVEYANCING DONE, AND
ACKM0WLCDG&1E5TS TAKEN BT
-Vi UKI OSGOOD, Joliet, Illinois.
i-.. a. iFifLifrKit
VGKNT FOR TIIK UNITED PTATES AND AMER
Icsn Kxpreea Companies, willfnrward FrMhtsnd
csr Vlnaiiea to all points of the country. Note, Drafts
od llil Is collected, and proceeds returned promptly .
' 1 Jolit-JulT 13 1Sii n-tf
larton Smith, Police Magistrate, and Jus 6
A J of the He.ic',omceon Bluff Street u Merchants Row
r-. will take pleasure In waitint on all who may entrust
4iio with their business of any kind in hin line.
' , N.B. Ou the westtiideof the Klver, Joliet.
- C!Bh Exchange Sold! at the lowest
; CURRENT UATK3 AT
-BRCUANT8 AND DU0T1R8 BANK
it MtUiana Building,
. Banking Hours, 0 to 12, and 1 to 4.
i
4 J . a at to n. THOS. B ATT 0, J a
T. II A T T O H &. CO.,
Baaklag and Exchange Oflfcef
&rJrJtrtQnad Water Street, J0LlTtILLIS0IS,
Oota Awn Stirs Bonght and iold.
, KxctuxoBoH Chicago aud Now York, In sums total t
nrrhasers.
CoLLscrio.fS ma do and proceeds remitted on day o
-t pyneot.
iTsasT allowed on Special Deposits .
1 tJiaiiT Da rrs, on England aud Ireland for sale.
7 R . Li K I i (J ,
FORMERLY of Chicago, takes the liberty to an
ftoimce himselfto the inhabitants of Juliet, as a
. eetapAtant Teacher of the PIANO, Termsreasonable .
- Applicantepleaseaddressthrongh Post office, or leave
ord-trs at Mr. Burton's boarding Uuuse, near Young's
- Uall.
Jlot,Junel,1858. n50-t l
3 Joliet Marble Works,
CUARLK3 E.M(JNGKU,Mannfactarerinddealer I
every variety of
aiakulb monuments. tomb stones. fur
- nituuk, ac, ac.
It ar theRick IslAnd4epot. Joliet. Illinois. Order
roia ahroa lrespectfally solicited
,V! SHOW RESPECT TO THE DEAD.
CITY SXAKIlTi: FACTORY.
L E N N 0 N , ManaUctarer In every variety of
, JUrbU Jlouumenti, Head Stones, Ac.
Jrflurson Street, north of County Jil
JOLIET, : : ; ILLINOIS.
AU work warranted to give entire satlefaction. and
at prices to suit kbe times. Orders sent by mail will
r4jive prompt attention. (n-d )
PAINTING AND PAPERING.
' ''IIIH citixeua of Joliet and eicimry are reepeetirely
. tL-informed, tuat we the enlMcribera continue the
i .untinr hnalnem in all ita branches.
t atUOP OS JutdET (oppoaite the Joliet Hwiae.)
, , Joliet, Sept. 20, 1859. Utf
af? n 1.
I) AID for Barley, at the Joliet Ualthem. BPifff-t.
Ji.rytiiit.
BY C. & C. ZARLEY.
THA5KIXG TIIK LORD
BT MISS AMCUM JCHJg PKOCToft.
I thai.k thee. O, my Cod, who made
The earth so lm iiclit.
Eo fnltof plend4r and ofjy,
Bauty and libt
So many nrUm things are here,
.Noble and bright.
I than tlue, foo, fhnt then bast made ,
Joy to bound
So many pen tie thonubts and deeds
Arching us round.
That in the durk-(U epit on earth
Seme lovu in ltund.
I thank the more, that all our joy
1 touched with psin :
That ilmdous fall on l-rihtrst hours,
That thi-rit remain;
So that earth s blism may be oar guide.
Aod not our chain.
For thou who Knowct. Lord, bow soon.
fHir wewk Leart clinyi.
Has Riven us joja, tender and troe,
Yet nil with wiii?,
So that we we cleftiniiig on high
Diviner thiugnl
I tbnnk thee, Lord, that thou bat kept
The beat in store;
We have enough yet not too much
To bi.c ft-r morn
iot anown Detore.
I thank thve. Lord, that here onr sools
1b u'h amply bltft,
Can rever find, itlthough thej seek,
A prfe t rmt
Nor ever flball, ontil thof lean
On Jesus' brear..-
God Bless onr Noble Volantccra
God bless theitaTlant volunteers
Who mh at duty' call
To breast relteltiuif fearful storm.
To conquer or to fall.
God Mew onr noble vulnnteers!
(Ourcomfttrt and our pain;)
1ay thoae who filled this cup of war
New have its dreg to drain.
Ood blesonr frnllnnt TolnnteersI
Though nil unakilled In war,
From iM-ii-fh-"ro and from mountain-top
And from the plains afur,
They come with stern and rugged front,
An did their sires of yore.
To pRht beneath our glorious flag,
The flag their fathers bore.
God Ideas our gallant volunteers,
And make their tinmen mi hi i mo,
As victors in a sncred fight,
Through nil recorded time.
OurpiulHnds. brothers, sons are there,
W e uuiy not meet agaio,
But they'll be glurkms martyrs wfao
In such a fife lit are slain !
Ood bless our gallant volunteers!
They're gone, aud we remain :
Our heart arc on the hattle-field,
hir ere are dim with pnin !
Hut they II come back with laurels crowned,
We'll meet them all atjaiii,
When they who rilled this cup of war
Uave had its dregs to drain !
Fmm the New Ynrk Ltdj' r
RATTLE OF SA5DY ClaEaItl.
II V hn. 8. C )XPT0N EM1TII.
Among thf! Iii.t'irical events of cur last
war villi Englund, I am not aware that any
record lift ever leen made of the IJalile of
Sandy Creek, although that affair is frcn"h
in the meosurj of the older residents of the
vicinity.
It was from the lips of persons still living
and who i articif atcd in the light, that I
gnthered the account of it I pive below.
Sandy Creek in formed by two beautiful
ptreunm the Xoith S;mdy and the South
Sandy. These ri.ing in the western fart
of Lewis county, run through the south
western corner of Jefferson out.ty, iu the
State of New Yi.ik, and uniting two miles
from their mouth, empty into Lake 0;ita
ii about twenty wiles south of Sackets
Harbor.
Aftt r the capture, by tho Americans, of
Toronto, then called Little York, and
while our troops were preparing to embaik
from that place, on the expedition agninct
Fort George, ut the mouth of the Niagara,
tho llriti.-h, :it Kingston, having gained
intelligence ( f the unprotected situation ; f
Sacken lluibor, de ermioed to makn a
sudden and unexpected attack upou that
town.
The reduction of th:i post was of the ut
mnt-t importai ce to the enenij-, as it was
our only na-'al depot on Lake Otiti ri and
the chief ore on the line of the great
Lakes; for the saUant IVrry had just com
moored that of Lake Krie, at the little town
of Erie.
At SuckeM Harbor had lecn collected
valuable tnilitaiy stores ;. and rebels of
war, dtvtined lor service on the Lake, were
in process of construction some already
afloat, and others still on tho stocks.
On the evening of the 27 th of May, 1?13
the same day or which Fort George was
captured the Koglish made their appear
ance off the entrance of the harbor. The
fleet was under the command of Sir James
Yeo ; while tho landing cf the troops, and
the attack upon the town, was directed by
Sir George l'rov s On the following day,
(tho8th,) the delarkati: n was expected,
on the peninsula called Horse Island, a
short distance from the town.
The attack on this place, and the repulse
of the enemy, i well known to all familiar
with the history ot the war ; and I refer to
it only as it is connected with tha affairs at
Sandy Creek.
But before leaving this portion of the
subject, however, it may be well to slate
that the toree brought against Sackets liar
"nor consisted of the Wolfe, the Koval
George, the Prince Regent, the Earl of
Moira, and one brig, two schooners, and
two gun boats, with thirty threo barges,
containing in nil twelve hundred troops.
Failing in his designs upon the place, Sir
James Yeo, somewhat crestfallen, that a
handful of raw militia should have eivco
his veterans so rough a reception, lifted his
anchors, and directed his coarse up the
lake, intending to look into Oswego, and
along the American shore, on his way to
Fort George and Little York.
On arriving off the mouth of Sandy
Creek, he detached the two schooners from
tbe fleet, with ordeis to proceed up tbe
creek to tbe point wber it was supposed the
Americans hud accumulated supplies for
unaunce;' squadron ; and alter transfer
ring as many as these stores as possible to
tha vessels, to destroy the remainder, and
the buildings, and otherwise molest the
inhabitants and their prorertv.
In obedience to these instructions the
schooners steered for tho entrance to the
creek. But a bar extending across the
mouth prevented the passage of tbe largest
vessel. Tbe other, however, had no diffi
culty ; and having entered, lay to, while
too iiruienani in command ana other ofE
ccrs landed on the beach to reconnoitre.
At this point, which is a treeless sand
bank, with the waves of the lake breaking
in ironr, ana a aeep, impenetrable marsh
m the rear, stood a solitary frame bouse
a sort of tavern for the accommodation of
fishing parties, from the surrounding coun
try ; and in the upper window of which
was kept a light for the benefit of those
navigating the lake. This houte is still
8tandiog, and occupied for the same pur
pose.
At tbe time of the arrival of the British
vessels, this house was occupied by a man
named Lawrence, who to the business of a
tavern keeper, added that of a fisherman,
and occasionally that of a trapper.
Entering the house, the liritish t fficers
ordered the landlord to set before them the
choicests liquors he had ; and while seated
at the table, eniovinz their drink, tbev
plied him with interrogations relating to
me condition and amount of the stores up
.L . 1 '
tuecrecK.
Lawrence, who had been employed at
various times, at the landing, io assisting
in stowing away the supplies, was enabled
to answer their questions satisfactorily.
" Are there any soldiers there to guard
these stores T" demanded tbe lieutenant.
' No," was the reply. They are in
charge of a deputy commissary, assisted
only by two or three hired men."
"Are jou sure there are no soldiers
there?" was jiext asked.
"Certainly I am," replied Lawrence,
" for it's scarcely three hours since I re
turned from the landing, and the only
persons there were those I have men
tioned." " Well, my man, yon must go aboard
with us, and pilot us to the place. And,
mind ye, if you have li?d to uh, we will
hng you to the first tree there."
"I hnve no ol jection to pilot you, gen
tlemen," returned the tavern-keeper.
But that is scarcely necessary, as there
is water enough all the way tu the landing
to float the largest vessel in your fleet. You
have only to sail up the South Branch, and
the stores you are in search of are on the
firnt firm ground you will reach."
oatienecf with these words, the officers
returned to the schooner. But to prevent
the escape of the landlord, incase he had
wmtimr tbeytoUcwrth -tneWBisT
boats, and proceeded on their way.
Lawrence had answered truly, so far as
he knew. But the attack upon Sackets
Harbor had aroused the country, and every
man capable of bearing arms was on the
alert
Tbe progress of tho British fleet had been
atched from all the headlands ; and when
it was seen to steer towords tbe mouth of
Sandy Creek, fleet horsemen were vent out
to spread the alarm. Bodies of militia, on
their way to the harbor, turned back at the
tidings, and hastened toward the threat
ened point.
Colonel Ackley, of Ellisbnrgh. with his
men, and a small force of Seneca Iadians,
being nearest to the ?lace, arrived at the
landing while the British officers were in
dulging in their grog and bluster at the
Deacii; ana taking their position so as not
to attract attention, the Americans awaited
the arrival of the schooner.
Ackley and his militia tmk possession of
the store house and the timber in the vicin
ity, while the Senccas crossed the creek,
and secreted themselves in the high grass
of the marsh a little below ; so that the at
tacking party would be taken in front and
flank.
The creek ot this point was about fiftv
yards wide, with low, marshy banks, ex
cept at the landing, which was oji the right
tianic, noout tiit.it a mile above the conflu
ence of tho two branches.
Having; reached the mouth of South
Sandy, the bend in this stream making
the light breeze unfavorable, boats were
ordered ahead to tow the vessel toward the
landing.
So confident was the officer in .command
that no at torn pt would be made to prevent
his landing, that ho did not even take the
usual precaution to send boats iu advance
to reconnoitre.
In order to facilitate the towintr of the
vessel against the current, her sails were
lowered, and she came up slowly toward
the firm ground, whero she had arrived be
fore her commander had any suspicion of
the trap into which he was running.
i.veu tno Indians lay qmetlv in their nm
bush, awai.ing the preconcerted sicnal of
attack.
A the schooner hove in sisht. her decks
were discovered to be full of troops; for,
beside the regular crew, sho carried large
numbers of the soldiers of Sir Georce Pro
vost that had been distributed through the
fleet. The vessel also carried four carron-
ades, two in the bows, and tbe others amid
ship. Slowly and noiselesly she passed to her
berth, and the lines were sent on shore, and
made fast to trees. Already had a number
of ledcont leaped to the shore, when the
signal of opening the fiie of musketry and
rules upon tlieui was given, and a deadly
discharge was poured from the windows of
the storehouse and the surroundieg thicket
This firing wm instantly -esponded to bj
bv
the Indians upon the further side of the
creek, who filled the air with their tierce
war-whoops, and rained a destructive fire
upon the enemy.
The young lieutenant in command of the
vessel, a brave but eiidvntly imprudent
officer, whs seen to fall a? he was urging
his men to the hore. This event seemed
to throw his crew iuto confusion, and for
several minutes they were shot down with
out returning a shot.
Each officer, now ondcavoring to take the
c immar.d, and one, a lieutenant of the land
troops, who, cinong others, had reached the
shore, sprang back to the deck of the
schooner, and catching up a burning match
applied it to one of the guns, which, being
charged with grape shot, and directed to
wards the fiicket, where were a portion of
our men, did some execution, killing one
man and wounding others.
The report of the carronade seemed to
recall tbe scattered senses of the sailors and
redcoats, and they returned to the vessel,
aiid with their comrades w ho had remained
on board, now opened upon the Americans.
The four guns were also brought to bear,
and their deadly missiles hissed fiercely
through the timber, where their effects are
to be neen to this day. But their range was
too high to do much other execution.
It became an object with the Americans
to eilence these guns. Good marksmen
were therefore selected, whose orders were
1 1 watch tbe gunners and shoot tbetu down
nt their pieces. These men carried to the
fight the rifles they were accustomed to
using at home. Tbey made it their boast
that they never shot a snnirrol nnlelhrmieh
the head, always taking sight at the eyeof
tne game, inougu none ot them bad ever
had occasion to tty their skill upon men
before, tbey were ool as well as couraee
our, ind every shot told. No euoner did
one of tbe enemy approach a eun with match
in hand, than he fell to the deck with a rifle
ball through bis heart.
Man after man fell in this way. till nine
teen of them had fallen at tbe breeches of
the guns, and other refused the dangerous
duty.
Tbe young rEcer Tvho had applied the
first match, aud who appeared to have tak
en command, seeing that his men hung
back from the pieces, snatched a linstock
from the deck, and advancing to one of tbe
guns, was just io the act cf touching tbe
priming, wnon, aropping the stall suddenly
from his hand, he fell lifeless to the deck.
His body was afterwards examined, and
ovor the region of the heart were found nine
rifle ball boles, all within a compass that
couiu oecoverea witti the hand.
The enemy now bethouzht them of en
deavoring to retreat from this deadly fire by
tuning lueir tines ana leuingtne scnooner
drop down on tbe stream, below the firm
ground, and out of tho reach of the Aaieri
cans. At first she foil slowly from the landinc
till, passing out icto the current she would
soon bave got beyond the range of tho mi
litia. Jiut in their baste to oepart, orders
were given to hoist up their sails, when,
tbe breeze striking upon them, threw the
bows of the vessel bard into tbe mud of the
opposite marsh, and she stuck fast.
The Senecas now opened upon her. while
tbe riflemen on the ether side picked off
tue men, as they attempted, with pikesand
oars to get the vessel's head again into tbe
aeep water
At length, finding it impossible to effect
their escape, the schooner struck her flag,
in token of surrender. Col. Ackley. on
seeing this, of course gave the order to
cease firing; but the blood of the Indians
waa up tliey Lad hit several of their war
JOL1ET, ILLIlfelS, MAY 2S, 1S61.
riors, and regardless of the shouts of the
officer, continued to shoot dewn tbe unre- I
sitting English, till the brave colonel,
mounting hi horse, which was near at
hand, spurred him into tbe stream, and
swimming him to the opposite side, rushed
w ith sword in hand among the infuriated
savages. So determined were they on re
venge, that Ackley f iord it necessary to
threaten the life of their chief, if he did not
call off his warriors.
" Me remember Buffalo 1 Me remember
Buffalo!" exclaimed tbe Indian as be re
luctantly ordered his people to desist.
On board the schooner, her decks were
covered with tbe dead and wounded. Sail
ors and soldiers wero piled indiscriminate
ly together. The loss in killed and wound
ed amounted to upwards of forty ; while
tbe prisoners, who were conyeyed to Sack
ets Harbor, were something less than half
that number.
The Americans, who were all raw mili
tia, with tbe exception of the vmall force of
Senecas, and who bad never before been in ;
action, amounted to between one and two'
huficTrea ; but many of lhem were-armed
only with such Inefficient weapons as they
snatched up on the sudden call, and which
they had nut been able to discharge during
mo ngnt.
lhe dead were buried, with tho honors of
war, near the spot where the action oc
curred ; and the wounded who could not
bear tbe transportation in wagons, to the
military hospital at the Harbor, were dis
tributed among the farmers, where they
were Kindly cared tor.
lhe loss of the Americans wae three
killed and seven wounded.
bile the prisoners were being mustered
preparatory to the march towards Sackets
il arbor, the following amusing and chnrae
teri6tio incident iccurred. The officers
were furnished wagons, but the private
soldiers and sailors were to follow on foot
under a sufficient guard. Amone the last
was a large, burly, double fisted John Bull,
whose form hod been conspicuous in the
fight, and who was a brave fellow. Though
a prisoner, this buge sailor bad not surren
dered ; and with a dogged sullenness, he
swore " no live Yankee should ever force
it"; to march 1" Hearing this, a young
farmer lad, not large, but compactly built,
who was the sergeant of the guard stepped
up to tho sullen fellow, and good-naturedly
icijucsicu uiui io iuu into His place add
ing: "You are among friends now. Jnclt.
what'o the use of being obstinate f Move
along old fellow 1"
lhe sailor, casting upon tho strini;ni n
look of genuine English scorn, whipped bis
knife from its sheath, and aimed a. fierco
and deadly blow at his breat.
lhe sergeant, seems mischief in thesnil
or'a eye, was on his guard, and springing
aside avoided the blow, then throwing his
musket to the ground, be struck the Eng
lishman a blow with his clenched fist, be
tween the eyes, that felled him like a bul
lock to the ground. The sailor was taken
by storm, aud rising slowly from his re
cumbent position, with an expression of
surprise, and muttering something about
the " kick of a jackass." took his place
among the prisoners, with a manner of the
most vcrlcct submission, and soon becumn
one cf the most ogreeablo aud jolly of the
party.
Hamilton ou Coercion.
The opinions of the early statesmen jr
now sought and read with eargernesa, par
ticularly wnere iney toucn upon the rela
tions of the States with the Federal Gov
ernment. Alexander Hamilton is said to
have made the following argument in a
public speech in the Convention of New
l rk for the adoption of the Federal Con
stitution :
"It has been well observed, that to cieree
the States is one of tho madest projects that
was ever devised. A failure of compliance
will never be confined to a single State
xuis uoiug iuu case, can we suppose it wise
to hazard a civil war 1 Suppose Massachu
setts or any large State, should refuse, and
congress should attempt to compel them,
would not they have influence to procure
assistance, especially from those States
which are in the same situation as them
selves? What picture does this present to
your view? A compljing State at war
with a non-complying btate; Congress
marches tbe troops of one State into the
bosom of another; this State collecting
auxilaries, nnd forming perhaps a majority
against its federal head. Here is a nation
at war with itself! Can any reasonable
man be well disposed towards a Govern
ment which makes war and carnage the
only means of supporting itself; a Govern
ment that can exist only by the sword ?
Every such war must involve the innocent
with the guilty. This single consideration
should be sufficient to dispose every peace
able citizen against the Government. In
the first formation of a Government, hv the
association of individuals, every power of
tue community is aoiegated, because the
Government is to exteud to every object ;
nothing is reserved but the inalienable
right of mankind. But when a number of
tbeso societies unite for certain purposes,
the rule is different; and for the plainest
reason, that tbey have already delegated
their sovereignty and their powers to their
several governments, and these cannot be
recalled and given to another without an
express act."
tST At Annapolis Junction, a few davs
ago, there was a practical illustration of
ireedom r. Slavery. A very dilapidated
darkey, whose garments were of all imag
inable hues and a perfect labyrinth of rags,
had come into camp to sell a few eggs ;
while he was there another ebony-hued
individual came in, vastly important in his
demeanor, attired in clean checked ehirt,
blue jacket and jean pants, with cowhide
shoes and felt hat, aud ia every respect a
perfect Turveydrop in deportment.
" Stan' back, you free nigger," said the
last comer, " de gemman don't want nuffin
out of dat baskit ; why don't you poor fre9
niggers work and do suffin (aside) lazy
ucuons ami won aar salt.'
Soldier Are vou a slave?"
Darkey (with a broad erinl ' Y'aas.
boss, aint nuffin else! Nebber seed a free
nig with such closes as dem on. vah. vah !
and he jerked back the lappelof his blue
jacket o la Unsworth.
Soldier " Who is your master ?"
Darkey " I bfebnus to Missus ober on
de ridge da. Makes plenty of mony now
'mong ?6 soger men."
Soldier " But you have to give the
money to your mistress, don't you ?"
Darkey " Urn m I me ! Missus nuffin
to do with dat money, bossl I aint gwine
to Keep hens and bave urn lay egs for Mis
sus. Missus don't want 'em. Yah-h I you
ony jokin' wid nisrirer now."
Free nigger (with a dolorous whine)
' Spcse elo GuVner.youe dead an' left me
tree nigger ; dat my THulr, eh ?"
Slave (with dignity) "Don't talk back,
man ; g'way ;g'lung and sell dem things
ob your'n I knows your hungry."
1 ree nigger departs with an air of infe
riority, and the slave puffs his eegar and
strokes his head with a solemn counten
ance, as if be really pitied the poor free
uaracy, in raggea attire.
eoiaiers are bit during battle according
to the color of their r!ria in h tnllnwii.o.
order: Red tbe most fatal color; the least
taiai, Austrian gray, lhe proportions are:
Red, 12; rifle green, 7; brown, 6; Austrain
uiiupu gray, o.
Soldier' Ilealtli Good Sugges
tions to Volunteers.
tn any ordinary campaign, sickness
disables or destroys three times as many as
tha eword.
2. On the march, from April to Novem
bnr, the entire covering should be a col
ored flannel shirt with a loosely buttoned
collar, eotton drawers, woolen pantaloons,
shoes and stockings, and a light colored
felt hat, with broad brim to protect the
eyes and face from the glaro of the sun and
from the rain, and a substantial but not
heavy eont, when off duty.
3. Sunstroke ia most effectually prevent
ed by wearing a silk handkerchief in tho
ctoud of the hat.
4. Colored blankets are best, and if lined
with brown drilling, the warmth and du
rability are doubled, while the protection
against dampness from lying on the ground
.is almost complete.
5. -Never lie or sit down on the grass or
bare earth for a moment ; rather use yonr
Sat a; handkerchief, even, is a great pro
tcotiiT. :" Tbo warmer you are, the greater
needfor this precaution, as a damp vapor
is immediately generated, to ha horbet
j B rv VW UO"l UVU
.the clothing, and to cool you off too
. While marcllinff. or nn nthnr aeiira
duty, the more thirsty yon are, the more
essential is it to safely of life, to rinse out
oiouiu two or xnree times, and then
e a swallow of water nt a tit.m with
short intervals. A brave French General.
a forced march, fell dead on the instant,
drinkin? largely of ' cold wnlne .linn
snow was on the ground.
7. Abundant 6leep is essential to bodily
efficiency and to that inertness of mind
hich is all important in an engagement ;
'1 (1 few things mnrn nprtninlo ami r...n
n- .v - J RUU UIVIV
effectually prevent sound sleep, than eat
ing iieartny auer sundown, especially af-
er n nenvy uiarcn or a uesperate rattle.
8. Nothing is more certain to secure en
iurance and rnnnliilitv nf tnnr Anni;n...i
- - i J ' "fe viuuiucy
effort, than the avoidance of everything as
a drink excent cold wator not .i.wT:-
coffee at breakfast. Drink as little as cob
ble of even cold water.
9. After any sort of exhausting effort, a
up of coffee, hot or cold.
sustainer of the strength, until nature be-
ms to recover ncrseir.
10. Never eat heartilv inct rir,.m
J J U tlll,
undertaking, because the nervous power is
irresistauiy arawn to the stomach to man
sze the food partaken of. thou dnrin., r.fr
that supply which tho brain and riiuscles
TOUCH UCl'll.
11 If Persons Will l!rinlr rienrxtv tf I-
incomparably safer to do so after an effort
il 1 F - .
nan -jeiore, ior it can give only a transient
trcngth, lasting but a few minutes : but
as it can never be known how long any
given eff..rt is to be kept in continuance,
and if longer than the few minutes, the
body becomes more feoble than it would
I...PA kn.n it. - 1 " .
uic uviMi nullum IIIU pinnuius. It la
cl
ear that the use before an pfF.,rf
au Ul II u J Q
azardous, and is always unwise.
12. Never go to sleeps, especiall after
great effort, even in hot weather, without
some covering over you.
la. I 'nder all circumstances, rather than
lie down on tha pmnnd lin in tha l.li..
of two logs placed together, or across sev-
I 1K - f ..
erai smaller pieces oi wooa laid side by
side ; or sit on your hat, leaning, against a
tree. A nap of ten or fifteen minutes iu
that position, will refresh -unn m, it,-.
an hour on the bare earth, with tho addi
tional advantage to perfect safety.
14. A cut ifl Ipsa naniTAivin. Oi.n . v.. I
- uinu a uur
let wound, and heals more rapidly.
ij. it irom any wound the blood spirts
out in jets instead of a steady stream, you
will die in a few minutes unless it isremo
died, because an artery has been divided,
anu inai tases tne oiooa direct Irom tbe
fountain of life. To stop this instantly,
tie a hankerchiof or other cloth very loose
ly HET-.TEEX ine wouna ana the heart, put
a stick, bayonet nr ramrod hat
" J " " we,,vi 111 VJ
ekin and tho handkerchief, and twist it
round until the bleeding ceases, and keen
it thus until the surgeon arrives.
JO. it the blond Hows in a slow, regular
stream, a vein has been pierced, and the
handkerchief must hn hnnnri nn ih.
side of tbe wound from the heart, that is
oeiow tue neart.
17. A hulletthroi'wh. hn abnman t1l
. -..-VHWV.w.i.vtl I I J
or stomach) is more certainly fatal than if
-l-i.L-l j.ri
aimcu at. tne neau oi neart; tor in the lat
ter cases the ball may glance off by the
bone, or follow round it under the skin;
out wiien u enters tne stomach or bowels
from any direction, death in inaritoKIa
dor all conceivable circumstances, but is
scarcely ever instantaneous. Generally,
the nprson liven n. rl.iv nr turn vifV, n.r..n.
, J - - " . . "i I'll lutv
clearness of intellect, often not suffering
greatly, ine practical Searing of this
statement in reference to the prc.it future
is clear.
18. Let the whole henrd irnw hnt nn
longer than some thrpA inhau Ti;.
strengthens and thickens its growth, and
inus aiaa.es a more perieot protection tor
the lungs against dust, and of the throat
muuii nuu mm 111 a luier, wnuo in
the summer it rrrpAtar nrncnip.h'nn Ar .A
skin is induced, with an increase of evap
oration ; benco greater coolness of the parts
on the outside while the throat ie less fe
verish and dry.
19. Avoid fats and f:it tnftnc in anmmn
-- - - euwiuvi
and in warm davs.
20. Whenever possible, take a plunge
into any lake or runcing stream every
morning, as soon as you get up ; if none is
at hand, endeavor to wash the body all
over as soon as vnti Ipmva vnn. I. nA iv.
y j ww. tsi.lt, U
personal cleanliness acts like a charm a-
o-ain.f all tl.aacaa aln.wn n 1 . L l "
- " u n a , o cimcr vtaruinii
.I a i. i . . . . .
meui uu emogeiuer, or greatly mitigating
iiieir Bcvernjr auu snortening their dura
tion.
- 21. Keen lhn h air nf fllA llOari il.i.ntn
1 ---- - - " .. i. v. livrvij
cut, say within an inch and a half of the
otttip iu ecry pari ; repeated on tne nrs'
of each month and wash the wholo scalp
plentifully in cold water verv mirnlnv
22 Wear woolen stockings and modera-
ateiy loose shoes, keeping the toe and fing
emails cut close.
23. It in ' mflra imnnrlanf tn villi tin
feet every night, than to wash the face and
Knn.1. !' : 1 -. - 1 .
uoituo vi iiiuriiiiig9 ; uecause n aias IC
keep the skin and nails soft, and to pre
vent chafings, blisters and corns, all o
which greately interfere with a soldier'i
duty.
24. The most universally safe position
after all stunnings, hurts and wounds, ii
that of being on the back, the head bein;
elevated three or four inches only; aidinj
more than anv una thino aIca .nn An i
j 0 ",
equalize and restore tbe circulation of tbe
1. 1 i
uiuuu.
25. The more weary you are after
march or other work, the more easily w
ill
you take cold, if you remain still after it n
over, unless tbe moment you cease motion
.i - ...
tou mrow a coat over your shoulders
ihis precaution should be taken in l
warmest weather, especially if there
even a slight air stirring. .
the
Realy" said a printer in conversing
uu a meary man auoui errors oi toe press,
gentlemen should not place such unlimited
confidence in the eye sight cf our bard
worked and half bliued reader of proofj : 1
am ashamed to say we utterly ruined one
poet through a ludicrous misprint." ''Inn
deed 1 and what was the unhappy line ?"
"Why sir. the poet intended to say 1
See the pale martyr in a sheet of fire,"
instead of which we made him say: -See
tbe pale martyr kUA hittlurt onire."
Is Jeff Davis Aboard?
The following "good one" we cut from
the local columns of tbe Cincinnati Ennuir
er:
Nero fiddled whilst Rome was burning,
and we have read of the dissolute young
nobleman of the English Court, who, while
stretched upon Lis death bed, received a
pious cpistlo from a venerable bishop, ex
horting him to repent of his manifold sins,
at the same time setting forth the many
glaring moral delinquencies of his career.
The nobleman was a bit of a wsg, and tbe
ruling passion, strong in death, induced
him to make the communication the capi
tal for a last joke. He, therefore, placed
it in another envelope, which be directed
to prominent personage who prided himself
upon his high moral and religious reputa
tion, and who was equally astonished and
indignant at the receipt. A bitter feud was
tbe result, and the incorrigible wag ex
pired, cbuckliog over tbe mischief he bad
caused.
. Now.lhere are wsgs of every "shade and
complexion; but, of all the frveterate jo
kers, cpmnieud us to t' o ;--...-'!.
Squire who preside over the des.io.a o.
Sedninsville ; Squire Sedam, otherwise
known as " King of Storrs." Many a mer
ry anecdote has the Squire furnished the
hungry itcrr-izcrs when local matters were
scarce, and, consequently, there are few
readers but are indebted to tbe jocund
Magistrate for a hearty laugh. Even in
these days of gloom and depression, when
wars and rumorg of wars are in the ascen
dant, and mirth isat a discount, tbe Squire
must have his joke. And here is a speci
men one, perpetrated a day or two since :
There is a Home Guard in Sed amsvillA-
of which one of the junior Sedams is cao
fi'l - , .... r
miu. mcsquaa were drilling upon tho
bank of the river as the hoarse cough of a
steamboat ascending the river was beard,
when, as she drew near, the Squire re
quested tbe comrany to form in a line fa
cing the river, and at the word of command
a regular discharge of blank cartridirp- waa
fired across her bows.
The boat was from the South, and tha
astonished commander, who we believe
Had run the gauntlet up the Mississippi,
under the impression that Storra Imd a.
ceded, ordered the engines to be stopped.
-ujipoMng tiini ii was tne intention cl
those on shore tu overhaul her, he gave in
structwns to the 'pilot to steer toward the
shore. When within a few yards she was
U I .1 I C? - -
uuiii-u uy me oquire:
" Boat, ahoy."
" Ayo, oyp." was the reply.
" Is Jeff. Davis aboard of "that steamer?"
shouted the Squire.
ry, returned the amazed captain.
" Then you may pass on," said the jo
ker. There was a pause ; the crew and passe n
gers were for a few moments overwhelmed
with astonishment, but as the head of tbe
boat wos once again turned up stream, a
hearty guffaw announced their appreciation
of the sell. r
Forts and Fortresses.
A Correspondent of tha Kneannah 7?.-
publican thus enlightens the uninitiated
upon iuo proper eignincance o: these
words, so often used synonomously:
There is but one Fortress iu tbe United
States Fortress Monroe; all tbe other
places aeienaing our harbors are called
forts.
The distinction between thpsn rtrn tar.
is very wide. All fortresses are forts, or
fortified places ; but all forts are not for
tresses. All collepea M Slratl-lfl Kl.aV kll
- r- " W..WID. ISUaj (
schools are not colleges. Tbe relation of
lunoiu mi u reses is mat oi minor to ma
jor. A fort may bo simply an advanced
work, to protect the extended lines or walls
of a fortress. Generallv. firra.a.a ...
extensive enceintes, for tho reception of
iuiibuii., nun .mm ior tue protection of
cities, iu tne united States, nn etlnna a
fortified Places, with InrrrA nrnmn.
been constructed for the defence of cities.
Fortifications in this countrv hnrn ha! r.
erence principally to harbor defence.
fortress ionroe, wun its capacity fora gar
rison, was constructed for the important
navy yard of Gosport and Norfolk, now in
possession of Virginia or the nonfniiiroto
llilll'S.
i..i..
The construction of tha at f ATI Cl V A valta
of a fortress involves the highest science
of engineering. Not so with forts. Tho
tormer implies polygons, bastions, curtains,
elacis. covered wnvn nlnnV m --a
counter scrape, ravelins, redans, redoubts,
unit me wuoie vocabulary ot engineering
science. Add to this idea of a vast en
ceinte or circumvaliatinn to contain a large
garrison of troops, and a fortress rises to
no proportionate majesty.
A Model.
A friend of nnrs is in tha Hakit r :a:
ting a charming young lady about three
times a week perhaps oftener. It is not
positively known that there is an engage
llieilt. but tha frpntlpmnn ia an .nmnlaAl
(-1 - . Bw vvuikkij
domesticated that he enters tbe house with
out knocking, aud if bis lady-love is not
in the parlor does not scrupla to go in
search of her. The other day he went
through half a dozen rooms without see
ing anybody, and at last came to the fair
one's own chamber, but he found tbe door
locxea.
" Are you in there, Mary ?" inquired he.
" Bless mv heart. Chnrl p. la it vnn V
Go away, you scamp, you can't get io ?"
cried tho lady, in great trepidation.
i must, jaary," said tbe young man,
giving the door a shove, which threatened
to break away from its fastenings.
"For Heaven's sake. Charlaa !" turun-J
the lady, now in the last stage of terror,
- go away tins instant, i I'm "
" Your'e what?"
"I'm a model!" shrieked the lady, and
the gentleman left.
SS?- The laws of nature are just, but
tprrihlp Tiipf-n !q nnvoat :.. .nA
- - - - " " .un.u....j in meui.
Cause and consequence are inevitable.
The elemeuts Lave no forbearance. The
fire burns, the water drowns, tbe air con
sumes, the earth buries. And perhaps it
would be well fur our race if tbe punish
ment of crimes against tbe laws of nature
were made as unerring in Lis judgment as
UIUI C
i&5yDe Tocqueville, the learned French
man, in his great work, "Democracy in
America, says :
" There are two things which a demo
cratic people will find very difficult to be
gin a war and to end it."
Tbe beginning seems to be easy enough,
but the end Heaven help us !
M& When the Hartford Convention met,
they sent an invitation to Bishop Chase,
then in the city, to open tbe meeting with
nraver." To which tha rr.-A r,ai,nn
plied, that " he waa under the necessity of
ucunuiup, as ins cnurcn naa DO lorm 01
prayer for rebellion."
B&" It waa a case of wonder to many,
bow 80 indolent a man as Elder could
Lring himselfto preach so long sermons aa
Le did. One can account for it only ou tbe
supposition that when be had once mus
tered . up . energy enough to commence
preaching, be was too lazy to tlop.
Noi Wasted. An offer from Canada of
ten regiment of a thousand men each.
composed of runaway negroes, is understood
to bave been recently made to the govern
ment and promptly declined.
J 0
VOL. 18 NO. 50.
Localities and Distances.
The intense interest with which the
movement of troops is followed, and the
present phase of the rebellion, render the
following topographical notes of value in
getting a clear idea of the current Dews:
Havre de Grace at the mouth of tbe
Susquehanna river, nean the bead of Ches
epeake Bay, is 52 miles from Philadelphia.
At this point, continuous railroid commu
nication is interrupted by a ferry.
Annapolis on the west side of Che-e-peake
Bay, about 50 miles from Havre de
Grace, 39 miles by rail from Washingt-.n.
Annapolis Junction the junction of the
Annapviis branch, 19 miles from Annapo
lis, 29 miles from Washington.
Fort Monroe at the junction of Jamea
River (northern side) with Chesepeake
Bay, about 48 hours steaming front Boa
ton, and 25 from New York.
Norfolk about 12 miles eouth of Fort
Monroa. -: - ,
Cockeysville 15 miles from Baltimore
on tbe railroad to Ilarrisburg (bein prob
near' ; point .ccesiitSe 00 iLe rail
tt ialti.iH re,Jrt.ra that direction.)
Baltimore 98 mi lea trom Philn.ielnhia
48 miles Trom Washington, 85 miles from
iiamsourg, ei irom Harper s t erry, and
17 from Annapolis Junction.
Too Mccn for tiis Pat. A church in a
neighboring city has an ambitious organ -ist,
who delights to interweave with his
voluntaries and preludes extracts from
operas and other profane music; and not
only this; be will occupy a great deal of
time in executing his brilliant flourishes.
All this wearies and distrusts acme of tha
good people, who do not enjoy leaving
church after solemn sermon to some jump
ing uancing iune, ana wno are impatient
to get on the next verse; while the extrav
agant organist is playing bis long inter
lude. One Sunday, a rood brother was more
than usually disturbed in bis devotions by
tbe performer in the eallery, and be de
termined to delicately bint to the man his
leeiiogs on tbe subject. So after fjoing
out of the church to the tune of a pretty
waltz, he met the organist, and said.
Mr. , what salary do you get for
playing tbe organ?'
A smile of pleasure played over the fea
tures of the mu-ician, for he thought he
saw in the remark the prospect of an in
crease of salary, and he therefore replied:
' But four hundred dollars 1 and it's not
near enough, Mr. R. , at church,
gets six, and is not anything of a perfor
mer !'
'Only four hundred d-.-llars V blandly re
sponded the old gentleman. 'Only four
hundred dollars 1 Now, if I were'you. I
wouldn't give them so much music for it !'
The musician's crest fell, and he departed
in embarrassment.
Eighteen Things,
In which young people make themselves
impolite :
1. Loud laughter.
2. lieading when others are talking.
3. Cutting finger nails io company.
4. Leaving meeting before it is closed.
5. Whispering in meeting.
C. Gazing at strangers.
7. Leaving a stranger without a scat.
8. A want of reverence for saniora
9. Heading aloud in company without
oeing asaeu.
10. Receiving a present without some
manifestation of gratitude.
11. Making yourself a topic of conversa
tion. 12. Laughing at mistakes of others.
13. Joking others in company.
14. Correcting older persons than your
selves, especially parents.
15. Commencing talking before others
are through
1C. Answering questions when put to
others.
17. Commencing to eat as soon as jou
get to the table.
18. In not listening to what one is say
ing in company, unless yon desire to show
open contempt for tbe speaker. A well
bread person will not make an observa
tion while another of the company ia ad
dressing bimself to it.
She Snoi-LDN'r Crow. There waa an
old farmer who kept a large poultry-yard,
and had one hen who was continually en
deavoring to crow. At last, after repeated
attempts, she succeeded in making some
thing like a crow. The farmer waa taking
his breakfast at the time, and bearing tbe
noise, rose and went out and discovered
the anthor of the curious attempt. He
soon returned, bearing in bis band the hen.
minus her bead. There," said he, " I'm
willing bens should do most anything, but
I ain't willing they should crow. Cocks
may crow aa much as they please, but bena
shall not; it'a setting a bad example."
What is a Ration ? For the informa
tion of numerous inquirers, we give the
following list of articles constituting a ra
tion, from the army regulations:
10 oz. fresh and salt beef or 12 ox. pork.
13 ox. soft bread or floor, or 12 oz. Lard
bread.
2 ox. beans, or 1 3 5 oz. rice.
- 1-5 G oz. of eugar.
1 oz. coffee, ground.
i gill vinegar.
' oz. candles.
I oz. soap. '
i oz. salt.
. The rations for a company of 77 men ag
gregate as follows:
90J lbs fresh and salt beef, or 57 lbs
pork.
SCJ lbs soft bread or flour, or C7 lbs
hard bread.
11 i lbs beans or 7 lbs rice.
8 lbs sugar.
4 j lbs coffee, ground.
3J quarts vinegar.
3 vt'ck potatoes.
1 3 10 lbs candles.
3 lbs soap.
1 quart salt.
4 pints soft soap.
D. S. Dickinson denies in a lettei over
his own signature that ha baa or r -..uH .
desire to see tha South wiped out in this
. - . 1 . . ...
contest, as nas been stated in the public
prints.
tSf Somebody Las said that a dollar's
worth of flower seeds, sown io May, will
return many dollars' worth of pleasure in
summer and autumn.
t-The bare thought of a bullet will
run a timid man, but our friend Paul says
be has run hundreds of bullets, and be doot
claim to be any braver than bis neighbors,
either.
t&m A man in love has little need of
victuals. So if your landlady d-en't give
you enough to eat, be tare and fall in love
with her.
JSr We bate to bear a man eaj that he
takes no part in elections. Those who
don't 0 to tbe polls are governed by those
who do.
4t Do not allow any unnecessary neg
lect cf the farm this spring. Defend tbe
country, bat feed tbe defenders.
SgtrLet friendship ereen c-entlv to .
height, if it rush to it, it may soon run itself
out ui urcaui.
Onr84nar.j1n.yaar. - - - ia
A earn oiaiiueaorieeaae year,
JOB PBUTIRO
Job Printing of.rerjtleaairtlo 1 wil ibe neatly aa
xpedltloBelyoxacated to order oa I ibera It eraia .
Aneaofteieatof blankakeptconstantl oa has
AI1 ordera for Ad Tort fain a: or Jcb Work ana
be accompanied brcaah.niileetaom peraoa known a
become re.ponaible for tbe aajne.-
Arrest or Cen. Harney.
We take the folk-wing from the state
ment or Gen. Harney, in relation to bis
late arrest and treatment in Virginia :
It appears that on Id ft Thursday Le was
stopped at Harper's Ferry by .'party of
Wginia soldiers, who informed Lim that
he must consider himself a prisoner, and
must accompany them to Richmond. The
General told them they need not send
.arge body of troops, as he honId not at
tempt to escape, but. should leave them to
answer to bis government for the outrage.
He was accordingly taken in a carriags
and escorted by five staff officers.
On tho way to Richmond, three days
were spent in the journey, which was
mado partly by rail. The party reached
Richmond on Sunday evening, proceeding
directly to the house of Gov. Letcher,
This magnate was at dinner, but was som
moned, at once released tbe General, say
ing the arrest had beet, made contrary to
orders. It appears that the troops at Har-f-
. e,n crdtrd to arrest armed
bodies, tok the word li'oralty, -nd in tbe
ram-west sense, and tVr.-J t:,e Ce'-e-r'
Moreover, the telegraph reported that "ha
wa. com.r. st tL head of a small array.
General Harney remained all night ia
Richmond, being enurteonfly enter
tained I ysevtral military gentlemen,
formerly of the United States Army, and
in toe morning early set out for Wnshine-
was kind enough to t.ffer. He states that
be was at all times and places treated with
consideration, his only annoyances arising
from the unpleasant remarks of mde
youths, who minclpit will, tt,. j. -
7. .. - 1- "v. iiuhub in
testing railway statione in Virginia, anx
ious for a sight at the distinguished pris
oner. Many S-.iuthprnpra va. - .
,, ' . , - -" "iicueui no
would resign bis eommibi,n in our army
and join them. He made It very clear to
their comtirpliAnainn it-.i n . i . j 1 -, .
., . . "c "u no iaea ot
the sort. He .ays be raw very few troops
iiaiiurii, wnera
rumor has repeatedly located an army of
-t-.uio ana nun-Krsa-
ken spot. His opinion, fuonded on his ob
ervM.on, concerning the state of feclincs
in 1 lri-iniM that .1.. . .
.1 1 r .,-; 1 o'i""ci to act on
the defensive, having no designs on Wash
ington. Of the lattpr part, as far as that
Uah tVrr.7rr'''J' eakv ccrfidpntly.
hat Jeff. Ilium mn, 1.. n.r. j - J
--. " ifii iu uo is an
other matter lie thinks, moreover, that
n... 1.01 .cceoe. it is pot known
where t.enrral Harney will be stationed
though it is rur ped that be may bave the
command of this military district. He is
in fiiia I. . 1.1. A t . m
... ..I-...., a,,.j UJ erect lorm, nervous
movement, and fraa
I'luuiista lone
and valuable services
" Grandfather," s,id saucy little !mp
the other day, " Low t ld are you ?" Tho
o.d getleman. who had been 'a soldier ia
the war of the Revolution, and waa much
under the ordinary size, took the child be
tween his 1 knee,, ardj refiPg Mm oa lh-
bra1d, w"h be fondness of a second
child of life, id : My dear boy, I am
ninety years old ;" and then commenced to
amuse the lad with tome of the incidents
in the story of his life at the conclusion
of which he addressed the youngster:
m7.. Bon' whT do Ton 'k each a
question? when thelittlo rascal, with all
the importance ol a Napoleon, strutted off.
and bitching op the first pair of trowsera
he ever wore, after the approved sailor
fashion replied: "Well, it appears to mo
you are darned small of your age." There)
is none of the rieht kind of birch that
grows round In sufficient quantities where)
wjp bic ruineu.
A pious old deacon used to inspire ot
with eo much awe by tbe sanctity of bin
manner, that we dared not say our soul
was own while in church. Deacon F
went to Colirornia, and was tempted after
sinful gains. A friend sod member of the
same church found bim one night " buck
ing at monte." With holy horror ha
nudged the absorbed player into a knowl
edge of his presence. " Deacon, do I find
you gambling?" With ready wit to re
lieve him from bis embaraaament, he
chuckled: "No, no, friend S .not
gambling ? You see. this is a corrvjU
ttiMim, and I am doing my but to break
it up."
Ti.W?!tTE,I, i?OD. F,T TO " Snr I.
The Lrooklyn LagU relates the followint
incident:
A tall, good looking private of the
Twpr. y e.gth Regiment came to the depot
in 1 ulton street. Each man was measured
Tor bis uniform, and tbe number called
out. Tbe man referred to stepped an and
put on a coat ; be found it too tight, and
taking it off. thrsw it down, sayinjf: Aa
I risk my life fur a coat I want h to fit"
This was said witboot a smile or an appa
rent appreciation of the foil force and
meaning of the phrase. Tbe coat was
changed, and be obtains J a good fit.
cEDJC.LtriS0 To dr!Lb,e life,
say Sir Walter beott, io exchanging bits of
painted pasteboard around a green table,
r. r tbe twiiry concern of a few shinings.
can only bo excused io folly or sopersna
atjon. It is like riding on a rocking horse,
where your uttermost exertion never car
ries , yos , , f.M,t forward, it ia a kind of men
tal treadmill, where yon are perpetually
climbing but can never rise an inch.
'Plant more corn than cotton,' is the cry
down South, and tbe editor of a Missiasip.
pi paper pots the rase :n a manner which
will no doubt he conclusive with many of
bisrcadira. He remarks that while cot
ton 11 a rnnvnipiia ...... :. - -.
r 1 . " ' necessity
for whiskey can be made from corn bat not
from cotton, aud shirts can be dispensed
with bettor than spirits.
"Evert Max's Tim rt.- r r.
The fallowing i- Lord Chstham's brilliant
...uriui, , in. ccieorated maxim in 0
bhsh law, that "Every man's house is bis
ratle."
The poorest man may, in his eottare, bid
dPfiancee ti all the farces of the crown.
I may bo frail; its ro-jf may shake; tbe
wind may 1 low through it ; the storm en
ter ; tbe rain may enter but the King of
England car. not enter ! All bis force dart)
not cross tbe threshold of tbe rained tene
ment. erA Dutchman the other day, readies;
.u .u.111 . meeting, eame to the word
" the meeting tLen dissolved." He could
not define the meaning of the latter, so b
referred to U dictionary, and felt satisfied.
In a few minutes a friend came, when
Ilnnt aant "
flaw mna t.- ,
t ... , "crry aoi wedder Jere.
I re. an agojnt cf a meeting vera all de
peoples melted a... 0 "
A schoclh. h..;n. . jt j.
helped another in a difficolt cyphering les
ion, was ancrilv in..i ..; u ,
Why did you work his lesson I"
, To Uitcn bis r ork," replied the young-
BOr I have obeerved that, in comedy tha
best actor plays tbe part of the droll, while
some scrub rogue is mads the hero or fin
gentleman. So, la this farce of life, wise
men pass tbeir time in mirth, while fools
are only serious.
A strongest kind of a hint young
lady asking a gentleman to see if one cf her
rings will go on hi little noser. -

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