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MtttEB, KOOKEN & SUTPHEN MDITOBS i.VJJ 1'IlOPEISTOna. OPFIOR TaJlmadg Block, Third Story T th ft at the Head of Stairs. "Verms iof subscription. TheOaaette will be published every Thursday on Ikefollowlng terms: One jeer in advance el W After the expiration of iix months For less time than one your at the rnto of. .... 1 W) Er annum, but invariably in ailvunue. rSo disconlinuauce until arrearages are paid. BOOK AND JOB PRINTING. We are prepared to execute all description of JOB WOKK: auch as CARDS, CIUCULAHS. POS TIBS. BALL TICKETS, and overy other variety of f LAIN AND FANCY JOBBING, with new undsupe rler type, and on short notice. COUNTY OFFICERS. JwtM of Fairfaki Common ffeaj Court P. VAN TRUMP. Residence, Lnucnnter, Ohio. PrtbaU Juitye-JESSE LEOIINEK; Office in Pub Duilding. J,-oiiifinff ilftornenf-TALL SLOUGH. Meriir-JAMKS MILLER: Office nt theJnil. fTr of Court-JOUN C. BAINEY : Office, Public Building. Auditor. WILLIAM ROBINSON; Office, Public Building. Treasurer O. E. DAVIS ; Office, Public Iliiilding. Jfceonlsr A.BYFEBTi Office, Public Building. aTarwyor E. L. 1IASSUM ; Office Public Huilding. CrBr MITCHELL MOIIKIS, residence, AmnliJR Township. CbstimnfemerWOEL 8H iEKFEB, of Madison town ehip; HENRY ALSPAUOH, of Greenfield township, id JOHN W. CUNNINGHAM, of Hocking Tp. Sdiool Ktafn.--WILLIAM WHITNEY, JOHN WILLIAMS ui C1UA II C. RUTTEB. Decisions la Relation to the Draft. As-the draft is approaching, it is important that every ono should be posted in regard to exemptions, &c We, therefore, have collated from the opinions of Gon. James B. Fry, Provost Marshal General, and Col. Joseph Holt Judge Advocate .General, the follow ing decisions: Circular No. 66.-Provos't Marshals -will see that drafted men, whether prin cipals or substitutes, are sent to the designated general rendezvous on the day thoy are accepted, if it can be done ; if not, then as soon ivftcr as pos aible. Whoi'o there are no military .guards available, Provost Marshals must employ oliongh special guards to aeeomi)lish.this -purpose. Substitutes csncciallv should bo sent promptly to the rendezvous, and the Boards Bhould only accept them as they are prepared thus to dispose ot tncm. Boards of Enrollment should con luct the draft for sub-districts, and the notification of persons drafted, in such manner that the drafted men will be rcquirod to report for examination in quads of manageable sizo, and at suc cessive convenient periods, and not all tho same day. ONLY SONS. Circular No. 57. Tho following o- pinion, in relation to section 2 of the Enrollment Act, which says: "where there are two or moro sons of aged and infirm parents subject to draft, the father, or if he be dead, tho mother may elect which son shall bo exempt," is published, and will licreaucr gov ern "Tho only son of aged or infirm pa rents dependent. sc.. is absolutely ex- mnt: but where there are two sons both are subjoct to draft until an elec tion is made by the parent, and the namo of Iho ono olocted should bo re moved from the list. After the draft is made the persons drafted are no long er "subject to uratt, but to duty, anu a parent cannot secure tho practical exemption of two sons from military duty by waiting till ono is drafted and then electing to exempt nun. : Circular No. 61. Tho following opinions of Col. Joseph Holt, Judgo Advocate General of tho Army, arc published for tho information andgui- . oil V . I I . tlancooiaii omcers oi mis uurcau: The only son of aged or infirm pa rent or parents exemption. OPINION. 'Tho Dnlv son of aged or infirm pa rent or parents is nut exempted, unless his parent or parents aro dependent on his labor for support. If ho is in the condition to support, and docs support them without his personal labor for that purpose, ho is subjoct to draft, bo causo he is in a condition to- perform military service, without depriving his parents of tho support tho law. desires to secure them. Tho parents need not ho wholly depondent ou their son for support. If thov are so dependent for tho principle part of their support, tho right of exemption then arises." In tho caso of a widow having four sons. OHNION. "In tho case of a widow having four sons.threo of whom aro already in tho military service, tho fourth is exempt, provided his mother is depondent on his labor for support." - In the caso of a widow having two Hons, one of which is already in the service OPINION. "In tho caso of a widow having two sons, one of whom is already in tho military service, and the other has boon drafted, tho lavter is exemptod, 'as tho only son linblo to milita y duty, in i'Un ennan ff tlin not. ." In the caso of aired or infirm parents having two or moro sons subject to military duty. OPINION. In tho caso of agod or infirm parents having two or more sons subject to mil itary duty, cloction of tho son to be draftod must bo made betoro tho arait, and his name should not then appear in tho draft-box. If ono of only two sons of such parents is already in tho military sorvico, the othr is exempt, provided his parents aro dependent on bis labor lor support. Of persons having conscientious scru ples in regard to bearing arms. opinion. "Persons having conscientious sent pies in regard to bearjng arms aro not on that account exempt. They are not found in tho list of exempted clas ses, and tho Act exprossly declares that no person except those enumerated in that shall be exempt. Tho Socioty of .Friends and othors entertaining simil ar sentiments, if drafted, may find re The THE VOL. 4. NO. 39. ieffrom their scruples in tho employ ment of substitutes, or in the payment of three hundred dollars." Of a mun whoso wife is insano. OPINION. "Tho children of ah insano mother, who may at any tiino recover her roa son, cannot, in tho sense of tho law, or with any propriety of languago be termed 'motherless children.' The father of such, though ho may be de pendent on Ins labor for their support cannot, therefore, claim exemption from tho draft. The caso is a hard ono. and would probably have been provi ded for, had it been forseen. It is, however, tho law as it is, and not as it may be supposed it ought to bo, that is to bo enforced. A father having four sons, two of whom have died in tho military ser vice; also of aged and infirm parents electing which of two sons may bo ex empt. OPINION. "In tho case of a father having four sons, two of whom have died in tho military service, it seems clear that tho remaining two aro not exempt from draft. Before such exemption can be allowed it must be shown that the father had, not has had.' two sons in tho military service. So tho law is written. Congress might well have accepted the loss of two sons in tho field as equivalent to their continuance in the service, and therefore securing tho same privileges to their family, but this has not been done. To hold otherwise would not be interpretation, but legislation. In the caso ot aged and mum pa rents having two sons subject to mili tary duty, tho father, or if he be doad, tho mother may elect which of them shall be exempt. The right of exempt ion does not restnpon the parents -cro- pondncjo on tho labor of their sons for their support. The law does not con template any such dependence." Circular No. C8. The following in terpretation of tho second and third clauses of section second, is published for the information and guidance ot officers ot this bureau, viz: Second ''The only son liablo to military duty of a widow deponent up on his labor for support. The term only sow commonly means that there is but one, henco tho expres sion 'only son liable to militay duty,' means one sou liable to military duty, w hero other sons, if any, are not thus liable. Thus, to make good claim tor exemption under this clauso, it must bo established first, that the person drafted is tho only son liablo to mili tary duty ot a widow; and second, that tho widow is dependant for support upon this particular son. Tho widow may have any number of sons not liablo to military duty, as minors, over aire, or otherwise; but if she have one son who is liablo, and she is actually dependant upon that son, ho is exempt. Third ''The only son of aged or in firm parents dependant upon his labor for support." This clause carries tho same mean ing of tho word only, making it synon ymous with ono. The same construct ion will bo placed upon this as upon tho second clauso ol this section. To obtain exemption under this clause, it will, therefore, bo necessary to establish first that tho aired or in firm parents havo but one son liablo to military duty ; and second, mat nicy are dependent upon this particular sou lor support. LETTEB FIIOJI LOUISIANA Vermillion Bayou, Lakayettk Pauish, La D pt of Gulf, 13th A. C Editors Gazette On the 2d of Oc tobed our Army Corps commenced an advance movement from Brashcar City towark Franklin. After a march of about four hours wo camo to Bayou Techo. Proceeding up tho Bayou some ten miles we camo into the Techo country. From tho Techo to tho Atakapas and Opelousas there arofino prairio countries, and aro ex tremely rich. Tho soil is of a deep, block mould, and of inexhaustiblo fer tility. Over theso prairies droves of a wild horses and cattle roam in the enjoyment of primeval liberty. Theso countries have been called the sugar planter's paradise, and in point of grandeur they aro beyond description Tho orange groves wore richly laden ed with rich fruit offering," and our army scarcely made an impression up on tho fruit that hung in such rich profusion beneath the cool Bhadeof 1 tho orango and tho limo many a weary soldier, sought rcposo.and dreamed of loved ones far away. In many instances the fino residences havo been abandoned, their spacious halls echo ajonq tho tread of tho Fed oral soldier. Tho destruction of prop erty has been great, aud it will take a life-time to replace tho damage done The dcstruction.of war is a sad subject to contemplate. Our march was one long to be remembered. The grand eights, the giant old oaks appear at distance as an Immense wall of wood Such is their linear regularity that thoy look as if sot out by human hands. These old monarchs of the forest stand like sentinels guarding tho prairio that lies in a wilderness of. blushing beauty beyond. At Frank lin, Major General Franklin made -Lancaster UNION" OF THE STATES-ONE COUNTRY-ONE DESTINY. a speech to the 10th Army Corps, (composod of eastern men) in which ho said to them that they were now supported by tho 13th Army corps that had come to them fresh from the battle-fields of tho Mississippi, crown ed with imperishable honors; that they had nover marched ono step in retreat, and that the 19th corps must say to them that tho East has sons with as bravo hearts and strong arms as those who have conio to renew thoir vows in a now department. ' At Carrioh Crow Prairie on tho 3d hist., about fifteen thousand rebels un der General Green attacked one brig ade of our men under General Bur- bridgo, killing, wounding and captu ring about 500. Tho 17th Ohio Bat tery lost two guns. Our Division (llovey's) was ordered into lino and went into tho fight at charge bayo nets. Tho 5Ulh Ohio infantry recap tured ono of tho guns belonging to tho 17th Battery after a sharp fight- Tho election news from Ohio is in deed cheering. It nerves our armies for tho contest to think that our own nativo State is loyal and has given such a rebuko to traitors and peace men. Great battles must bo fought, and many lives and much treasure sacrificed ; but the complete overthrow of the "Southern Confederacy" is a settled fact, and is only a question of time. Tho great scheme of mad am bition that has entailed untold mise ries upon tho South is a failure in wholo and in detail. Tho rebels have learned to their, sorrow that the sons of the north whom they affect to regard with contempt can fight as stoutly and chivalrously as they. When the fight ing is finished we do not want a tran sient and unsubstantial peace it will not do to lcavo the fires of rebellion smothered, but still ready to burst forth in flames at the very first breeze of discontent. Wo want a lasting and enduring peace not for ourselves alone, but for our posterity through centuries to come. The blood has been so nobly shed on the battle-fields of this great contest, would cry out from the ground that it had been shed in vain, wero the war to result in an inglorious compromise '.hat should still leave theseec's of civil discord in our soil. Tho rebellion must bo destroyed root and branch, so that wo shall for ever havo aii end of this bloody busi ness. There can be no terms with it ; it must be blotted from tho face of the earth. A compromise is impossible and all talk of it is silly and arises from a ympathy with the rebellion. Those that are for tho Union first, last aud all the tinio, know that tho pathway of peace lies through fields of forward and determined war. Such a war will bo waged, ahd those that entertain tho hopo that the Government will over make a compromise with traitors in arms, doludo themselves with an idle dream. We must lay aside our polly prejudices ot section in this struggle; we must exerciso faith in tho stability of our Government, and provo loyal to her cause; and while tho clouds of war aro rolling heavily abovo us, and tho flood tide of danger is surging close to our country's heart, all will be well. If this faith is kept close to our hearts, it will give us strength to conquer and courage to endure. Then will we know alike how to welcome fortune or obscurity, victory or death. Yours truly, GEO. WILIIELM, Capt. Co. F, 5Gth Ohio. Report of the Secretary of Hie Navy. INTERESTING SUMMARY OF PERFORMANCES. Cieat Miigiilludc of Operntions. Baltimore, Dec. 8. This report embraces 30 pages, and begins with tho blockado. Tho extent of tho coast blockaded is thirty-five hundred and forty-nino miles, undone hundred and eighty-nine harbor and river openings, and much of the coast fresonts a double shore to bo guarded, n addition moro than 100 vessels have been employed in patroling tho rivers. Tho distance thus patroled on tho Mis sissippi and its tributaries is 3,055 miles. On tho Gulf and Atlantic two thousand miles of sounds, rivers and inlets have also boon penetrated and watched with unceasing vigilance. The blockado is .becoming moro effect ive and complete Thero has been nrocrresB in repcllinir tho rebels from tho coast. The unprincipled traders who successfully violated law ana puo lie morality' bv illicit traffic with tho rebels in the early part of tho war. havo found their operations during tho past yoar most disastrous. Admiral Lee commands tho North Atlantic sanadron. The highest en comium is passed on tho naval officers us men ef sleepless vigilance and he roic bravery. It is hot known that any vcssolS clndo the vigilanco of the South Atlantic sguadron. More than year ago operations were commenced LANCASTER, OHIO, DEC. with a view of interdicting all trafiie .:!. ... .1 : Ml. ...... . . . iiu, uuu ji uunniuiv, n cupiuring ; Charleston itself; but byJreason of'ih;-' lays and difficulties in fitting out the j iron-clad fleet, a dcmotiHtratiou was not i made till tho 7th of April. A history of opcnUio.s,boforeC'harlus-; ton is then given., the Secretary then ainuies to tho conuict that took place in Warsaw Sound, between the Wee- lace i haken and tho Atlanta, and concludes that this remarkable result was an ad-1 ditional testimony in favor of the moni- '' tor class of vessels, for harbor defense! and coast survey, against any navy ! vessels that have been or likely to bo i constructed to visit our shores. It an-1 jiears to have extinguished whatever j lingering hope the rebels may havo'j had of withstanding our naval power , witn naval weapons. Ihc naval lorco at tho commence--i meni oi tins Aamiinsiraiion, consisiou of forty-six vessels, of these only for-1 ty-two were in comipition. The ad-. ditions which have since been made havo elevated tho country into u hrst class naval power. In tho following statistics an exhibit is presented of the altered numbers and description of our vessels at the date oi my last report and at the present time. The Navy at the date of the present report, contains 5S8 vessels mounted with -1,413 iruns, and of 407,9(17 tons in the a'Mreirate. lhe Navy at ti ie date of the last report, embracing -127 vessels, 3.2(58 guns, and 3-J0.030' ton nage. Tho incrcasugcxclusive of those lost, is 104 vessels, 1,125 guns, and 120,931 tonnage. The vessels of the navy lost since December, 1802, are: Captured, 12 vessels, 48 guns, 5,978 tonnage. The increase, exclusive of those lost, is 1G1 vessel, 1,173 guns, and 120,931 tonnage. Tho vessels of the navy lostsinco 1S02, captured, Ac, 12 vessels, 48 guns, 5,978 tonnage; des troyed to prevent falling into the hands of tho rebels, 35 vessels; 287 guns, 2.8S3 tounage; sunk in battle or by torpedoes, 4 vessels, 28 guns, 2.201 ton nage; shipwreck 5 and collision 13 vessels, 01 guns, 4.854 tonnage. Vessels placed under construction since December, 18G2: Double-end iron steamers, 1,030 tons each, 7 ves sels, 84 iruns, 7,210 tonnage; single tur-. ret iron-dads, 014 tons each, 20 vessels, 40 guns, 12.280 tonnage; double tur ret iron-chuls, 3,130 tons each, 4 ves sels, 10 guns, 12,520 tonnage ; clipper screw sloops, 2,200 tons each, 8 vessels, 100 guns, 17,0HO tonnage ; screw sloops of givat sjieed, 2,2(10 tons each, 5 ves sels, 50 guns, 10,000 tonnage; screw sloops of great spaed. 3,000 tons each ; 2 vessels, 10 guns, 0.000 tonnage. The lbllowing is the general condi tion of tho navy when the vessels un der construction are completed: Iron clad steamers for coast survey 40 ves sels, laOguns, 0,218 tonnage ; iron-clad steamers for inland service, 2!) vessels, 152 guns, 20,784 tonnage ; side wheel steamersj 203 vessels, 1,240 guns, 120, 517 tonnage ; screw steamers, 198 ves sels, 1,578 guns, 187,892 tonnage: sail ing vessels, 112, 1,323 guns, 70,250 ton nage. There have been added to the navy during tho pastyearhy purchase, some 30 tugs ; over 50 steamers for blockad ing and supply purposes, and over 20 other vessels for tenders and store ships. At least 20 of tho steamers were captured in endeavoring to violate the blockade. Tho Secretary then discusses at some length the improvements in naval ves sels. THE EEPORT TARY OF THE OF AVAIL SECRE- The Report of the Secretary of War is of considerable length. It reviews our victories and pays a high tribute to tho bravery and skill of our troops. He says the combined operations of our army and navy against Charleston have not, as yet, accomplished wnat was expected of them. In Texas a largo force is operating under Banksand will give protection to tho peoplo of that State and cut off a chief avenue of the rebels for foreign commerce and foreign aid. Tho armies of Leo and Meado now occupy relatively tho samo positions as they did at tho dato ot thelast annu al report. AVest Virginia is now clear of the rebels, and the people of that State arc now enjoying, in comparative peace, tho blessings of civil government. Tho rebel forces in Missouri have been driven beyond the Arkansas river. No military operations of any magnitude havo taken place iu Virginia or North Carolina. Tho Federal forces aro now firmly planted in every rebel State. The suc cess of our arms during tho past year has enabled the Department to make a reduction of over 8200,000,000 in the estimates for the ensuing year. The trouble in regard to the exchange of prisoners is reviewed nt length, nnd tho blame fortho non-exchange thrown entirely upon the rebel authorities, lie alludes to tho good treatment the rebel prisoners have received at our -hands, .and denounces the rebel authorities for tho cruel mannor in which they havo treated our prisoners in their hands. lie thendisensses the act ofCongress for enrolling and calling out the nation al forces, and says that tho law has been enforced in twelve states.yieldir.g 50.000 soldiers and 510,000.000 forpro- curing substitutes. Tho 8300 clauso is alluded to, as aro also tho conflicting opinions in regard to its justness anu injustice llesays that a large propor tion of tho troops, whose terms expire next year, will ro-cnlist; it being stip ulated by Government that they shall hdvn at leaBt one month's furloudi bo- fore their Present term expiree. The Gazette 24, 1863. indications are that the force required j 1 1 , i i win in u great measure oe raised oy volunteering, aud without a draft, An immediate appropriation for - bounties should be.mado. lie then alludes to the valuable service .the the Invalid corps has rendered to the! Government.. Ihccor.ret now number 20.0h0 ollicci'B and privates, lie cays: J mniediatcly utter the issuance. of the Presidents proclamation diligent ef- fort wero commenced, and, have con-1 tinned unfl the present time, for rais-1 ing colored troops. Fifty thousand colored men are now organized, and the number w:ll rapidly increase as our armies advance. The freed slaves ! make good soldiers' arc easily disci-1 plincd, and are full of courage. The slave has proved his manhood and capacity, una makes a goou mtantry, ' artillery or cavalry sold;eis. as has . ; Ueeu cvuJeiiccu on several occasions, The colored troops havo been allowed no bounties under, the construotion j given by the Department. They tan only, by the exinliiit; Jaw, receive ten i dollar per month for their services, j while white soldiers receive thirteen ; dollars, with clothing and a daily ra- tion. The fortunes of war havo brought within our lines large numbers of col j ored women and children, and some ' aired and infirm persons. A solemn trust rests upon the Gov ernment for their care and protection. The Adjutant General recommends that tho term of enlistment in thereg ular service be final at three years in stead of five, in accordance with the act of 1 SGI, which expired by limita tion on tho 1st of June, 1803. The Secretary gives a list ofthc prin- cipal ordnance materials m control of u.e jjojiunmciu ai u.e ocginning o , the war. etc., aud the nuantities of these urtlt-les on hand June 30, 18(53. , The figures are immense1 The operations. of the Chief Engin eer, connected with the survey of tho northern and northwestern lakes, havo been continued; and during the past season have consisted in tho sur vey of Portage entry, on lake superior, and in the resumption of tho survey ol Green Bay nnd Lake Michigan ; ubio, the examinations ot tho Saint Clair flats, and ol'ttaiut George; also of St. Mary's river, &e, The details of the Quartermaster-General's Department aro also given ; as also the report of the Conuuissary Gcncral of Subsistence. It is believed that the troops at even point have been supplied with an abundance of wholesome .food ; and that if, in the movement of the armies thero has been a lack of provisions, it was only tem porary. The Paymaster's report and the Surgeon General's report, with full de tails, are given. A compliment is paid to tho military telegraph, and tho valuable services it has rendered under the superinten dence of Col. Stager and Major Eck ert. After alluding to some claims against that department, and saying that fur ther legislation or a larger appropria tion will be required to carry them into effect, he concludes as follows: 'I may bo permitted to express the hope that the next annual report from this Department may announce the complete overthrow of the rebellion and restoration of peace, and the estab lishment of the Union on a sure foun dation in all the bounds of the United States." AUEKICA TI1K LIGHT OF THIi . ' NATIONS. The citizens of New York gave the Rev. Henry Ward Beccher a inagnifi cent welcome at the Academy of Music. Tho admission fee was two dollars ; reserved Beats three dol-i lars. The proceeds were given to the Sanitary Commission. Mr. Poccher closed his address with the following beautiful peroration : We havo not como so far along the path of victory to bo defeated in these last hours ; wo shall vanquish rebel lion, reunite these States, and at the last provo that a self-governing poo-? pie aro competent to every emergency in life. They aro competent to make a government; they aro competent to framo laws, to establish institutions of educution, and maintain free churches; competent in prosperity to deal with nature, -with society, with tho most voluminous questions that ever aroso in society; they aro competent to deal without und tako caro of any nation that wants to niahe war, or any vile Slavery that dares lilt up its head within, aguinot our free institutions. Wo want to light that torch which is to bo for tho illumining of nations. Wo havo lit it. Somo there aro that rejoico as tho traveler rejoices when lie sees tho light in the far-off cottage window, and thanks God as hostuui' bles along tho road, guiding his foot steps surely to tho light, though the humble cottager is all unconscious of the guided traveler. And yet that light is the terror ot tho burglar, who wails for its extinquishment that ho may commit his crimes unsoen. There aro somo in our abodo of. liberty that offer to put out the light, notwithstan ding it burns, the choer of tho weary hours of night, and it ever shall burn until the sun rises thut shall not go down. Wo are going on; never back ward. We are not going to the Uuion as it was. I plant a tree, and I plant a canker worm at it root; and by and by tho leaves wither and drop, and tho whole branches are dead, and then tho gardncr lays bare the roots, and thero is the ' cause of all the mischief, burrowing into the roots and the trunk of the tree. And norr shall men say, Established 1826. "Let us leave thut tree just as it whs." tr ,i . . J . . -. Yes, all except the worm. rApula'iso.l The Union ;is it was. Yes, as it was in the egg. in the intentions of those men that founded it; in the intent of the ConMitution; as it wa? to have been and would have been but for burglarious S!avurj-. But we have drifted far from tho Union ns it was. When the shinmcster. tossed bv storms duys and nights, knows not where he is, and at hint the clouds break arid the sweet sunshine comes forth, shall any ! man say to him, '-go search lor the 'spot where you 'deviated from the track and start over a?ain from that place ? ' Xo: but he" shall take a fresh observation from the sun and go Ion his course by tho shortest way. We Eet out for the haven of universal liberty, and by the storms of intestine .Slavery we have b.-eu drifted far out ol our course ; but . a last the bk.es, Le , t ,T,l K,JrWf al ?"-ol;.ltUl'no.les'ofi;fee,ntinue. In soeiAfo or shall we take a froMi oWrvittion ; i ....... .1 ... . from clouds and eor of liberty, and tako tho shortest path to the haven rni - .. . to u.o Kui.-.iuonj, .meriy inut win . smooth every grave, comfort every heart, a reward in death, and in t! smiles of men we nan see tne out-1 hinmg of Gods smile, and there shall be great peace heeause. of purity and ; hbertv. God bless the tmou and . iimne h nee: At the conclusion of his fpjech the following resolutions were adopted " 4" w " evident from the records in all tho 1 a the .,t,?wcrT, bu- c 1 courts, and the columns of all the news not turDnsido. Burdj n. we have y.-t ! ,,.ipi.PStllilI1 Americans. Once was to bear, looses we have J et o feel, Ull)c a a,.l(j!,meet .. sorrows w,l yet wnng our hear s, nowi t fJ , sons must yet fall in the ba tie an. be .w. t au(J . mj lowered in the grave, inartys to lib-j truthfully erty; but as the grave cl over sons j of our,plem of ouucat;on . 0 priceless we will ,,ot he bribed by we ,mve g(;W), f anytl. nir on earth; wih hvc I, C )Im female medical colleges, and c-ty on this continent from the lakes fl.muj0 ,().aven8. 0l)r irtt .refined. "ifteoted. lUat the bold the pru.. ,;k(;url Isat wintt.; partie8. dent, the feai hns, and gentle wur-e j heaven bo kind tg th J00rwreU,u pursued by Henry 'Ward Dee. her jwil0 marries in lashionable circles. Ins recent encounters with an adverse i-i., ril (i.,. , ...i,:,,,, ni. pubuc Eontimcnt in England, has re- ceived the general approbation oflus I countrymen, and deserves the a.lmi-1 'linis hti.I crtMit iliiiLi fit nriri' mu..U .h -v and patriotic heart in the notion. "jtcwira, i uai suen suosianiiai ano lasting services abroad aro possibly I only lor those who have ripened into j strength of ,lame through J-atient la- j bore nt home, and that we behold, in Mr.Leeehers short but glorious cam- nntirn in i.pnr T -., T,, T in nrn,vti ! culmination of an illustratrious career of Ghiittiaii soldiership ot. his cwu country. . . 'Jlaolce l. That nothing could add w.v . .vv,.. .... . v....... i kirsts avinit inn tri'unn trilh u lii li liA I hastens to bind his own fresh laurels i ' ' --l"-."' . round the wounds of our national, sol diers, and to convert the pride and jov with which he is welcomed into a cor dial for the sick and suffering of our noble armj- ol martyrs." Bird Mmlc aud tbe Music of tne Camp. Morning breaks strangely and mu sically in camp. Not a familiar sound it. it .ill- i.n i,..iia nr.li, u-ii, irli!..-.k m.i cock's shrill clarion, no rattling pave-' mcnts, no opening doors. Turn out j before the camps are astir, an 1 just us thewhole family of caiiva-.Sihlov, cone, ' '(vall,'aiid thathit ot kemi.-l, the 'dog' ! tent, begin to show gray iu the dawn, j The colors at head quarters dj-i.pLcav-j ily and damp. All around you, us far j as the eye can reach, it seems a badly ! I . IJ!.ll I... .. narvcsieu neni mac nas growu a mon strous crop of men, now lying heads and points every where. Bv the cal ender it is Sunday, put the pattern too narrow to lap over into Alabama in this year ot grace and gunpowder, '03. And now tho music begins flouting lightly over the tops of'the woods and the top of'the morning, comes a strange melody; thecal) bird whines through the song of the sparrow and robin, aud the bell" of the baholinlr rings out over the scream 'of the jity.'1 And tho little brown master of this brisk skirmish ot discord and melody sils on the ut'.ei most green billow of summer the lit tle epicure lor beef-teak and fat siii- i t r., ...II,.., ...,:i ii, ..,:.,).. ! uum. i nan ...i i1'. i iu iiiiiii niv ii.iiiiiii that I was in the homo of the Mocking bird, that winged polyglot of the South. These birds sing out : tho night and the moonlight, and have a monotonous note, for that hour. They seem to he posttfd liko sentries, and soldiers as they ride, hear them passing the lhtlo signal along from grove and thitket to grove aud thicket again, and are thus challanged by each unseen picket, un til the day break and the song break come grandly in together. By and by, -from field, wood and hill come the sweet notes of the reveille; bugle echoes bugle, the files warble up through tho roaring surf of' the drums and the dear old swell of a full band rolls over the top of the trees from an unseen army. In singular contrast to all this, an analagous gamut of groans neighs strangled in the making, and hamiuman shout's, runs round the wholo landscape It is tho hideous rebel battle shout, 'in the orginal pack age, the morning welcome of tho im menso cordon ot mtiies to tho rustle ot morning forage. Flags flutter out and blue threads of smoko curl1 up along tho camps; tho clinic 'of the butt-ends of the bayonets, beating tho little rag of Rftj. give you the merry music of the soldier's coffee mill, littlo tin pails and campkettlcs go tiukling about. You aro bugled to breakfast, bugled to guard-mounting, buglod to dinner, bu glod to battlo. bugled tcrbed, tho whilo bass-drums give three vicious growls at your heels as you go. Theso 'calls' aro pleasant little devices for transla ting curt English orders into music Brigades move to them and cavalry charge; tho' sound clear and shrill on tho field of battle, and tho horse and TERM9 OF ADVERTISING, " 1 square often Una or less, one lasertioa I 9 Thruamsertlous m Kurearli aiiilitioiial Insortioa at J All aylrrrtisfiiienlB running leae ttiaa Itiftl Bioatit. otiarged at thoabove rtea. l- I .Vuu. i Muni it. U tlimlht. i Ono square 13 Ou A (n U I f Too tiu a uo i ou io Wi - ! Thrwdo t wi too U w I Kuur ilo Io ou 19 o) it uo i Onc-f.xirth .ultimo.. 19 Ml it m Ob 1 lie.tliirl do 12 WI n ou im 00 ',: uiie-lmir do 15 oo won th uo One column 10 ou VS oo 40 0 i; "TSiisiios cards of about t Uses, by the year 11. j 'ar.VlTertisementa not marked on the maouserliit, i willbe cuutiuued at our terms until forbid. ""Li-tril advertisements. Ai!miifltrstor's autlc.a, f, Ac, mwlfl piud fur in advent:., fur rtaaoa. whiek V v will oxi.lmn ntthi! time. I -ilieii"veti'rnis strictly observed In all liis rider obey them together. But there is one 'call' sounded just after breakfast, before tho tent of the Surgeon, that summons up in camp phrase, tho 'cripples' for treatment. It is not an ugly strain, and has been ren dered for us into words tliat exhaust at once the cure and its burden : 'Como to quinine, come to quinine. Walk up quick, walk up qiiiek-comctooui'n in 7 Thus much and enough for tho sound of tho camp. Correspondence Chicago Journal from the Army of the Camber land. WIIV MESi UOVT MARRY. Tneeensusstatistiesshow very clear ly that more than four-sevenths of the marriages in Massachusetts are among the foreign born population. Why is it? For the most simplo reasons ; the foreign-born can afford to get married, .,,.,1 il.,. r,.,i:,- ...,.,,.,,( . .'! .!.: - I deeper aiul jnorv destructive social cor- unr.iif.ii ...,,) :,. iikiJH uuu uiui Viiin in BV, JB IJJIUHt karno(, Wld K- they can sin?, dance inanos, paint, talk jrench and I Italian, and all the soft languages, ,,., - ..'.,.., i i,.,. i-i " . " T. .. ' ... (K. Ui , ,.., Bf . anil tliCV can ,)e taken from 0(J, umJ muirri(.j at fi;lct.n nnd di- jT0I.cH at Uvent Th mnke ,en i ,i ,i, ,....,. v,.:,i.,i ,,. ,.n...t, i flirt ' , t p -.,terinir i)hu.-cs and w, for,(.t. no WJv jiag bare floorg 0ilOW vulgarth'ey would he! What are thoy at makil breaJ ftnJ . ... . 77 . . - beet W hv, how thoughtless t0 Lu Buru (hL.v ku loard cr hl we are: loard or have ser vants. What r.ro they at mending old lfl lii-tci ' lint tluti'A f tn nirniH Ka fa!ihion c,10n8eg SQ o(un llmt'nooody LiW oU but thu rai,.m&u and p ,t.,..lllakL.r I)0W. Wl.a't are they at - .. ... washing babies faces and pinning up their trowsers ? And there is our in ! tolerahlo3tupidity again : havingchild jren is left to tho Irish I What lady thinks of having children now? or, if llc J3 60 uuiyi-mujit,. (Jon t she put . . . . t1L,m t(J V-L,t ur,u(1 to Degin with, and boarding school afterwards? We ro- ! at we have come to the point wher young men hesitate and grow old be fore they marry and atterwards keep clear from bankruptcy nnd crime. 'hat is the consequence? There are more peis-viis living a singlo life are there more living a virtuous life? It is time fur mothers to know that the extravagance uic. encouraco is destructive to their children ; that all the foolish expenditures making to ruli their daughters to matrimony are, answering that end, tending 1-;st',.v the.insututiou of marnags altogether, recipesT Boii.i.Nu Mkat. In cooking meat let it... w.,tcr he hoiliii-' and kent boiling ... . . a O fast for the first ten or fifteen minutes, olsj the gelatine or sweet portion of the meiit will gradually soak out. Pkki'Auku Gli"e. Dissolve common glue in eider vinegar, as thick as mar be wanted. As it becomes too thick from time to lime, add vinegar. ViSF.iiAB. To eight gallons rain water add three quarts molasses, put into a cash- and shake well a few times, then add two or three spoonsftils of yeast. If in summer, place thecask in the sun ; if in winter, near the chim ney, where it maybe warm. In ten or'fifteen days add a sheet of brown paper, torn in strips, dipped in molas ses. The paper will, in this way, form what is called the "mother," or "life of the vinegar." Boii.imi Potatoes. Tliis is a formu la ; Let each mess be of equal sise. Let tho water boil bol'oro putting the potatoes in. When done, pour off the water and scatter throe or four table spoonfuls of salt, cover tho pot with a coarse cloth, and return it to the fire for a short limo. Watery potatoos art made mealy by this process. How simple is tho process, yet how few un derstand it I Soda Ch.vckf.hs. Tako ono cupful of shortening, two tea-spoonfuls ol cream tartar, and rub them in ten cup fuls of flour. Afterward add one cup f il of sweet milk, ono of water, one toa-spoonful of soda, and a littlo salt. Knead until tho dough is smooth. Roll this, cut n squares, and bake quick. Pickle for Bkf.f. To eight pounds of water add two pounds of brown su gar, one quart of molasses, fbur ounces of saltpeter, and fine salt till it will float an egg. Beef put up in this way will keep good without aDsorc-ing so much salt as to make it hard and tough when cooked. How to Remove MitDBW from Liu. Ex. First of all take some soap, (any common sort will do,) and rub it well into tho linen ; then scrape some chalk very fine, and nib that in also j lay the linen on the grass ; when it dries, wet it again; twice -or thrice doing will remove tho mildew. Another way it to mix soft soap with powdered starch, with half the quantity of salt, and tbt juico of lemon. Lay this mixture flU with a brush, and let the linen lay out on the grass for a few frosty nightMnd tho stains will disappear. I know tbi receipt will answer.