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The Lancaster gazette. [volume] (Lancaster, Ohio) 1863-1886, March 08, 1866, Image 1

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0 F P r o B- ' ' ' .
4aia Bleek,TfclraSterrT the
j, ' jt tk w tUn. , ,
The (Ultttewlll be piibllihed etery Thunder o
lh following term-.
On j eer IB edwnfle.i...:-. .,.. It Of.
After the expiration of tit month-. t M
rr le tint than on year at the rate of 1 00
" PJ num, but lnrllily In edrance
Xlloontinnano antilerreu-Rgeeere paid.
'lcn or imATon cnKBMAir.
Y - w. Washington,. Feb. 2G, 1866.
At ton o'clock tbe'rcgutar order was
taken up, it being the concurrent res
olution that DO! Senator or Reprcsenta
tjyt from any seceded State shall bo
admitted until such State shall have
boei declared entitled " to reprcsenta-
j.Mr.j Sherman took the floor. 4 He
maintained that the resolution could
confer no power not already vested in
Congress. . A Bfmilar resolution had
been adopted last Congress.
UiMSbertiRU spoke in favor of the
President's reconstruction policy, yet
he was in favor of the President's bill
and, voted, for it against the veto; but
he considered that the President ex.
eroised only a constitutional right in
excising the veto power. While he
thought that ihero w us much that was
ridiculous in his speoch of tho 22d.
there was yet much in it worthy of
consideration prompted ob it was by
adosife to seo tho Southern States
epeodily rqstorod to their onstitution
al relations:' Whilo he (Mr. Sherman)
was anxious to seo some mode tdopt
efrljjrw hlQh Joyal Southern men might
be admitted to- Congress, he never
should consent to the admission of any
manwbq had taken, a part in the re
bellion, ad would never vote to repeal
the tost oath. Ho also favored voters,
jnd not population, as a basis of rep
rcsonUHon, though ho should prob
ably vote for the proposition, now in
thoSonate, recognizing population as a
basis. lie did not believe Mr. Sum
nor's proposition, to declare 1 suffrage
by the act of Congress, was practica
ble.,. Air, Sherman rcforred to. the
speech made by (President .Johnson on
tho 22tt of Feb. . lie thought that no
aan who was a friend of tho President
would be unwilling to wipe that out of
his history. It was Impossible to con
ceive of a more humiliating spectacle
than that of the President of the Uni
ted Slates addressing such a crowd as
callod npoa him onthe 22d of Fob.
II regretted especially the paragraph
in the speech, made by the President
on that day referring by name to
Messrs'. Stovons and Sumner; but it
should be romembored that. President
Johnson was a vory combative man,
and that he had always been notod to
use fbrco in repelling assaults made up
on him. :. ;
Mr. Sumner had recently accused
him of white-washing, and . whilo no
affront was intended,! this langungo
was evidently construed into an uf
front. '.It could not be forgotten that
Mr. Stevens proclaimed Andrew John -oa
an "alien enemy" in the Balti
sore Convention., and that be recently
aid, In tho IIombso, for certain language
used by him, ftfco President) ' a Brit
ish king wot1d have lost bis head 200
Tears ago." These facts must bo ta
ken into consideration in making up a
judgment upon this unfortunate
Tho most uncalled for paragraph
was that which chargod cortain gen
tlemen with conspiring at his assassi
nation. This1 was simply ridiculous,
and he believed there was not a man
in the' country who thought different
ly; still there was mach in the speech
worthy of consideration, prompted as
it was by the President's anxiety to
soe tho Southern States speedily res
tored to their constitutional rela
tions.'' ' -;:' ,f .
Mr. Sherman said in conclusion; I
have thus, Mr, President, endeavored
o ebow that to this hour no act has
boen done by the President inconsist
ent with his obligations to the great
Union party, that elected him. Dif
ferences have arisen, but they have
arisen npnn new questions not within
the contemplation of the Union party
or ihe. Union peoplo whon tho Presi
dent was nominated.
I have also shown that he has acted
iu pursuance of a policy adopted by
Mr. Lincolnand approved by the peo
plo, and that no event has yet trans
pired that will preelade from a hearty
cd-opor atb with tho groat mass of the
Union peopleio securing to the country
the objects for which we contended suc
cessfully, in a great war. That events
have transpired, that utterances have
been made tending in that direction, no
one wiltdony, The surest evidence of it
is; thef-joy of the worst enemies of the
country ovor our difference. I find in
a rooont paper this significant para
DaTton,' 0., Feb. 20 The Demo
crats of Dayton had a jolification over
irosident Johnson s veto of the Freed
Men's Bureau bill, firing 100 guns.
Air. Yallandigham made a brief speech,
saying the , Democracy did not elect
Mr; Johnson, but it is now their duty
to stand by him. He announced a
rnnsa meeting in future for exultation.
A flag floats from Mr. Vallandigham's
r MftPoJjard-Miiy I ask which flag
.u was r
Mr. Sherman Idon t know. The
dispatch don t state. -
- Mr. Nve If he flew hia own flag, it
was reoei nag. .
Mr. Sherman Now, I am aware of
no calamity more disgraceful than fur
nspy pqr.diviaiODs,. to. surronder , to
taen who were our onemies in .time of
war, nV or all tho powers of this
Government' He who contributes in
aay way to this result deserves the ex
ccrationaof his countrymen,? .
-TVh nviv b'.'done by thrusting upon
UiTMiduut licW issues, in which the
well known principles of his Hie do not
agree wjta. tth judgement.! hia politi
cal associates. It may bo dona by in-
Siting coptroyerBiesof a parsonal char
tern;;-.-. 'txY.n.
VOL. 6.,' NO. 50.
acter. It may be done by-the Presi
dent turning his back upon those who
trusted bim wiln high powers, and
thus linking bis name, witn one of the
the most disgraceful in American his
tory, that of John Tvler.
I feel an abiding confidence that
Andrew Johnson will not, cannot do
this; and, sir, who will denv that the
overbearing and " intolerant will' of
llenry tlay contributed very much to
the defection of John Tyler. , But tho
division ot tho Whig party was an
event utterly insignificant in compari
son with the evil results of a division in
the Union party.
Where will be tho four millions of
slaves whom, by your policy, you havo
emancipated T What would be their
inevitable fato if now surrendered to
the custody of the rebels of the South?
Will you by your demand of universal
suffrage, destroy . tho power of the
Union party to protect them in their
dearly purchase i hborty? Will you,
by new issues npon which you know
you have not the views of the peonle.
jeopardize those rights, which you
can, by the aid ot Uio Union party,
secure to these freodmcn? We know
that the President cannot, will not.
and will never agree to unite with us
upon the tho issues of universal suf-
No'sueb dogmas wore contemplated
when, for his heroic services in the
cause of tho Union, we placed bim side
by sido with Mr. Linco.n as our stand
ard bearer. Why dwell upon them?
Why not complete the work so clori-
ously begun by our soldiers, by secu
ring union and Liberty to all mon
without distinction of color, leaving to
the Stales, as before, tho question of
'J. be curso of God, tho maledictions
of millions of our people, and tho tears
and blood of new made freedmen , will,
in my judgement, rest upon those who
now for any cause destroy tho unity of
the great party that have led us through
the wilderness of war to peace and re-
fioso. Wo must now look at our pub
ip crodit. ' We have duties to por
torm to the business interests of the
country in which we need the assist
ance of the President. Wo havo every
motive for harmony with him and
with each other, and lor a generous,
manly trust jn his patriotism., , -If
ever the time 'shall' come' when I
can i.o longer confide in his dovotion
to the principles upon which he was
elected. I will bid farewell to Andrew
Johnson, with unaffected sorrow. I
well remember when be stood on this
very spot five years ago, refuting with
unexampled courago tho assaults of
traitors. Ho left in their hands wife,
children, property and homo, and stak
ed his all on the result. I well remem
ber that when a rotrealing General
would havo (eft Nashville tQ its fate,
that again with heroic courage he
maintained his post I well romcmber
tho fierce conflict and trials thtougb
which ho and his fellow-companions in
East Tennessee maintained our cause
iu tho heart of tho Confederacy. I well
remember the strugglo bo had with the
aristocratio clomcnt of Tonnessoo.
Never ashamed of his origin and
never far from tho hearts of the poo-
61 o. Sir, you must not sovor tho great
rnion party from this loyal elomontof
the Southern States. No theories of
possible Utopian good can compensate
for tho loss of such patriotism nnd'de
votion. Timo, as bo tells you in his
mcssago, is a great clomcnt of reform,
and timo is on your sido. .
I remember the homely and encour
aging words. of a pionoor in the nnti-
slavory cause, an expelled . Methodist
preacher from tho bouth, who told
thoso who were behind him in opinion,
"well friends, black or white, wo must
all travel togothcr.
I say to all who doubt Androw John
son, who wish to move moro rapidly
than he can, to block up awhilo, to con-,
Bolidato thoir great. victory, with the
certainty that reason and tho Almighty
will continuo thoir work. All wisdom
will need be with as. Tho highest hu
man wisdom is to do all tho good you
can, not sacrifice a possible good to at
tempt the impracticable God knows
that I do not urgo harmony and con
solidation from personal motives.
Tbo people of my uative State have
entrusted me with a position horo cx-
tondod tour years beyond the termina
tion of tho Presidential office of tho
prosont incumbent. He can grant mo
no favors. If I bcliovcd for a moment
that he would sock an allianco with
those who,by either arms or council, or
even by apathy, were against this coun
try in the recent war, and would turn
ovor to them the high powers entrust
ed to hlra by tbo Union party, thon,
sir, he is dishonest, and would recoivo
no assistance from mo. But I will not
force him into this attitude If ho shall
not prove false to tho declaration made
by him in his veto messago, ihat his
strongest desiro was to Becore to the
freedmon tho full enjoyment of thoir
freodom and property, then I will not
quarrol with him as to the moans used;
and while, as he tells us in tho same
message, he only asks for States to be
represented tfhich aro in an attltudo
for loyalty and harmony, and in the
persons of representatives whose loyal
ty cannot bo questioned under any con
stitutional or legal tests, surely we
ought not to soparate from him until
at least w prescribo a tost of their
loyalty upon whioh we are willing to
stand. 'We have not done it yet. I
will not try him by the new creed, and
will not denounce him for hasty words
uttered in repelling personal affront.
I see him yet surrounded by the Cabi
nent of Abraham Linooln, pursuing his
Eolioy no words from me shall drive
im into political fellewshio with those
who, when h wb ono of tha, moral
.1.1 i . I : . ! w
LANCASTER, OHIO, MARCH 8, 1866. , Established 1826.
heroes of the war denounced him, spa'l
upon bim and deepitefully used him. .
The assertion must be solf -sought,
and even then I will part with bim in
sorrow, but with the abiding hopo that
the same Almighty power that has
guidod us through the recent war will
be with us still in bur new difficulties
until every State is restored to its full
communion and fellowship, and nntil
our nation, purified by war, wilt as
sume among the nations of the earth
tho grand position hopod for by Wash
ington, Clay, Webster, Linooln, and
huudreds of thousands of unnamed he
roes, who gavo up their lives for
glory. ; I 1 -
HIU of th. HocklMg Tll7 HertU
. . mltarn.t aoUtr
Lancaster Feb. 24, G6. J
Society met pursuant to adjourn
ment President Kinkead in tho Chair.
After reading and approval of min
utes, the Committee on Library re
ported progress in the matter of pur
chasing books
- Messrs. J, A. Hunter, Henry Beb'er,
Thos. Sturgeon and J. M. Gallagher
wero then proposed and duly olected
Mr. Bovlng, from the Council of
Nino, reported its organization by the
appointment of J. S! Suidcr, President,
and F. J. Boving, Socrctary.
Tho Librarian, Mr. Maccracken,
rend a sot of rules adopted by him and
approved by the Council, for govern
ment of Library.
By consent, an informal expression
was had among tho mcmbora in refer
ence to fruit prospects tho coming Ben
son, as affected by tho late cold weath
er. The general opinion was that peach
es woro mostly killed, as well as tho
earlior sorts of chorrics, and plums,
except the damson, which, with the ap-
plo, pear, and grapo, was believed not
to have received much injury.
Mr. Clark, of the State Farm, thought
from present appearances, enough
peach buds wero yet living there to
givo an average half crop.
Mr. Snidor roportod his poaches and
cherries uninjured his trees are on
the north slope of a hill, where tho frost
has not been out of tho ground sinco
fall. .
Tho conversation finally turnod up
on the subject of tho rotative hardiness
of budded and seedling pcachos, Mr.
Clurk staling his apprehension that
growors would yet havo to fall back on
good socdlings for hardiness and Mr
rettcrs stating that his experience in
clined him to exactly tho contrary
view. '
Tho regular question, "Orchatd Cul
ture," being taken up, Mr. Work gavo
his experience with two orchards
Ono had been planted partially bo
tweon tho trees of an old orchard, tho
latter to bo oventually removed. The
soil was gravelly, and a part of tho
timo was cultivated, and a part of the
timo hogs wore turned in, they rooting
up the groima thoroughly. Hie. fruit
hero was fine and smooth; whilo in the
other orchard, on a clay soil, whore
tho pass had boon allowed to grow to
a nod, tho fruit was knotty and inferi
or. For two yoars past, hogs had been
kept out ot tho hrst named orchard,
but it had been cultivated in barley
and clover and last soason a groat
portion of tuo fruit in this was knotty.
Mr. Maccracken road from Elliott in
support of the viows taught by Mr.
work s expenouco read also lrom H.
W. Beecher among other propositions,
that trocs - were benefitted in pro
portion to the extent ot leaf surface
made, rather than by tho amount of
wood. Also, advising the application
of manure at the ends of the roots, and
not close to the trees.
Mr. Busby In sotting out bis or
chard, had planted common fruit, dig
ging largo holes for tho trees, and fill
ing with good loam afterwards top
grafted to secure tho varictios desired
was in tho habit of pruning ob early
as possible . Breaks up the ground
every fifth year, plants in oorn, follow
ing by whoat and clover. Applcs'woro
knotty in wet seasons. Allowing pigs
to run in tho orchard was beneficial.
Mr. Borchers Wished further in
formation about the effects of clover
bcliovod it not injurious to young or
chards, especially those planted, as was
frequently tho cuse, on old, worn soils,
where clovor, plowod under, would be
& groat improvement by its enriching
. Mr. Wisoman Referred to an or
chard of his acquaintance on Walnut
creek, favorod in a remarkable degree,
by location and soil, the latter being a
rich walnut and wild cherry soil, and
tho location a slope to the north and
towards tho creek, with a forest oppo
si to. For many yoars this orchard was
remarkable for productiveness and ex
cellence of fruit. A single tree of tbo
Aoxbury Russet hnd produced fifty
five bushels of apples in one season.
This orchard boro almost every year
till forty years old. He. bolioved its
final deterioration to have been caused
by exhaustion of the soil, without ar
tificial enriching. Inters that tho thing
for a successful orchard is a naturally
rioh soil, and to be kept rich by timely
manuring. !
Mr. Work; had observed instances of
orohards in thin lands being more pro
ductive in fruitful aoasosa tbajQ thos
in very rich soil. ' . .
Mr. Snidor; mentioned an orohard in
a locality and soil similar to that re
ferred to by Mr. Wiseman, which bad
borne bat ono good crop in twentv
years. He did not think it was the
richness of soil that caused productive
Mr. Young Would not select bot
tom land, but the best ridge land, and
If not rich enough, would make it so
by manure has had trees grow
ing forty-seven years ono of them is
now two feet in diameter ten years
ago it ceased bonring, and ho thought
it would die in ordur to save it, he
manured it very heavily as far as the
roots extended, working the soil with
the spade tho tree started at onco in
to now life, and is now as flourishing
and vigorous as any he ever saw a
recent crop from it amounted to fortv
bushels thinks clover beneficial, if
not taken off tbo ground would turn
in no Block but h,g,' and -is not suro
that even they are beneficial. Tried
tiraothv two years, and is satisfied it is
bad. Keep the grass from the trees
on account of mico. Oats are good,
mainly as a means of getting the
ground in clover. HiB soil is a clay
sandstone. In April he gives his trees
a waeh with tho liquid left after mak
ing hard soap, and keeps them smooth
and clean. Also, gives his trees th3
refuse of leaches, and all kinds of rub
bish. Salt is a groat thing for trees,
and is tho best application to kill
peach borers. ;
Tho President Referred to nn Ag
ricultural address by Con. Worthing
ton, of Chillicothe, in which It was ad
vised to dig in the fall, largo holes for
reception of troes in spring, pulveriz
ing the ground in the bottom of the
hole tho same as the surface soil. Had
tried to follow this advice, and was
confirmed in the opinion of its sound
ness. Thinks thoro is frequent error
in planting trees too closoly. . Drain
ago is essential to success. A good
wash for young trees is mnde of lime,
with a mixture of soap and ashes.
Mr. Young expressed his disbelief in
the theory of trees being killed by the
sun, as advanced by some. Tho mischief
is occasionod by ico forming on lean
ing trees in the winter. Ho mention
ed instances of peach and cherry trees
splitting to the heart, as ho bolioved
from this cause. Upright trees are
not thus affected, nor those leaning to
the south or west.
Mr. Clark Thought that troes wero
often destroyed by the direct rays of
the sun, which net by thawing one
sido whilo tho other' remains frozen.
The injury is always on the south-west
side of the treo, where the sun's rays
striko tbo most powerfully. Tho rem
edy is to pi operly shade tho trees.
Upright trees do not cscapo injury
from the same causo. Tbo most thrifty
trees will genorally be found near tbo
wood-pilo, out-buildings, io, receiving
tho benefit of tho manure and partial
shade. When the soil of an orchard is
generally breken up with tho plow, it
win not pay to spade closoly about tho
trees. Tho poar tree does not need
food. Being naturally of a rampant
growth, it docs well on thin soil.
Mr. .Fetters As to planting trees,
the pli followed by the President was
the eorrect ono. Place no richer soil
in the holo than that of the surface,
and place it no deeper that the ground
is plowed. Never plow an orchard
deep; breaking of tho roots is altogeth
er wroug. lie not particular to plow
close to trees go no nearer than will
allow the singlo-treo to pass without
touching. Agrees with others as to the
good effects of bnving pigs in the or
chard. Mulching, where practicable,
is better than the use of the plow.
Clover affords the best mulch on nn ex
tensive scale. Novcr apply strong
manure in warm weather tho fall is
best for this. Leaves, and top forest
soil are good appliod in spring. Much
of blight In fruit is owing to condition
of soil. Cold water in soil must be got
rid of by drainage Whcrocold water
stands under the surface, but little
bonpfit, comparatively, is derived from
tho rains of summer. Many trees have
a habit of bearing only every othor
year intonds to try tho effect of trim
ming as a remedy. Jjolievo in early
pruning, and in gas tar as an excellent
application to the stumps, causing the
wound to heal finely, and preventing
the deposit of eggs of insects.
Mr. Busby related how he came to
havo bearing llambo trees every sea
son. It was by lop-grafting from trees
in another orchard, which he had ob
served to bear a different year from
his own. He had somo trocs grafted
with both kinds, so that a portion of
the same trco would bear one year, and
another portion tho noxt. Thoro was
no porceptible difforonco in the fruit
of different yoars. .
Tho discussion was further continu
ed at considerable length, by Messrs.
Maccracken, Gravett and others, but
tho report has already excoeded tho
space which the printers can bo ex
pected to allot to it
Mr. White presented grafts of the
Columbia pear, sent by Mr. Wesley
Clay pool, of Ross county, which wero
distributed among tho members. Also,
a beautiful spocimen of sorgho sugar.
At the suggestion of the President,
the subject of "Pruning" was adopted
as the question for discussion at the
next meeting.
On motion the sooiety adjourned to
Saturday,' March 10th.
J. C. KINKEAD, rres't.
S. A. Griswold, Stc'y. .
ISuThe Athens tfetgengur notices
the wandering away of two littlo child
ren, flve years of ago. The oorpse of
one, after a general search in whioh
tbo inhabitant of tba neighborhood
participated, was found In thoriver.
Lo n tk. Prairie A L4f Llre.Tblr
. If II ear la a Baew Drift.
On tho 13th of February. E T. Run
nion, of New Hampshire, Iowa, on his
Way home from Jacksonville, eight
miles distant, stopped one mile from
the latter plnco to eo a recently mar
ried daughter, Mrs. F. B. Weed. After
supper Mrs. W. resolved to accompany
her father home, and hastily clad her
self for tho purpose. Leaving Mr. Wcod
in tho house, father and daughter pro
ceeded to where the horses had been
tied to find them gone, but yet in sight.
Pursuing the team for some distance
and finaing it imoossiblo to overtake
it, Mr, Runnion implored his daugh
ter to return, while he would make
his way home alone. This sho would
not consent to do (feeling quite nblo to
perform tho journey) unless ho should
accompany her and remain for the
night. This was between seven and
eight o'clock. The weather was then
comparatively mild with no wind
and a slight snow falling. Tbey pur
sued their journey for a timo without
difficulty, but tho night being quite
dark, and the snow having obliterated
the track, they lost the road; bearing
to tho south on the uninhibited prair
ie. Both wero conscious that they
were lost, yet neither breathed it to
tho other.
A frightful wind and snow storm
now arose, and the barking of a pack
of prairie wolves did not add to the
comfort of tho wanderers, who, tired
out at last, lay down ' under a snow
drift and waited for day light. When
tho dawn came, Mr. Runnion found
that they wore about ten miles from a
house, to which he resolved to go for
succor. His daughter was too weak
to move and he fcarod that she would
perish before his return, but thore
seemed no other alternative to leaving
her. Ho accordingly wrapped her up
in the shawl, blanket and "cioud"
which she had worn from tho house,
ahd which, . with her beaver hood
greatly protected her, and broko the
ice off a little longer from which tho
water had receded, placing her there
as the warmest snot he could find.
When ho reached tho houso his hands
and fuco were frozen, and ho was near
ly frantic. Help was at once sent to
the unfortunato woman, but tho snow
had bo drifted that she could not be
found. The day and night passed.
1 ho next morning was clear, but the
raorcury haa sunk from 14 to 28 de
groos below zoro. Scarcely a hope re
maincd of Mrs. Weed being alive, but
after a careful bunt, about 11 A. 31.
she was discovered in tho place where
sho had lain for thirty hours. She
was insensible, her feet, ankles and
one hand being frozen, though the
physicians do not think th it amputa
tion will bo required. When found
she had moved but littlo from where
her father had placed her. The ico
upon which sho had been laid had
melted from her bodily heal, and
whon found sho lay in tho bod of the
creek, nearly ovcry part of her cloth
ing boing saturated with water. Her
feot were doubtless frozon in tho morn
ing bofore her father left. her, and to
the providential fact of thoir coming in
contact with tho water may bo ascribed
not merely tho safety of her limbs,
but tho preservation of her lifo.
Josn Bilunos1 Elements of Moral
Philosophy. Wo are apt to hato them
who don't lake our advice, and dis
piso them who do.
It is dreadful easy to be a phool
a man can often be ono and not know
Elegant Leisure chewing plug to
bacco and spitting it in a dorg's eye.
Real happiness don't consistsomuth
in what a man don't have, ns iu what
ho don't want.
Fear is tho fust lesson la nit and the
last forgotten.
Nobody but a phool gits bit twice by
tho came dog. .
A pet lamb always makes a cross
Epitaphs aro liko circus bills there
is moro in tho bill than is ever per
formed. -
To bo healthy cat onions aud go
naked. ; r
8"We havo already mentioned re
ports that the devil had appeared in
Harrison und somo of the adjoining
counties of Kentucky, and caused a
good deal of alarm among tho super
stitious residents of that part orthe
Stato. The Lexington Loyalist says
that the whole thing originated in a
freak of mischief with somo young men
in Cynthiana, who determined to pluy
a trick upon some refractory waiters
at a botol. They dressed up an old
negro in a bull's skin, with a frightful
head, horns and eyes, and turned him
loose among the offenders, who at onco
decamped, and circulated tho stories
which have, of course, gathered im
portance from constant repetition.
SerThe burning oil well near Frank')
hn, Pennsylvania, on the Alleghany
River, is a wonderful phenomenon. It
shoots up a vast column of flame more
lhan a hundred feot into the air, and
lights the country for milos around.
It has modorated the temperature in
the neighborhood, so that ' the grasB
has rapidly grown up, and is now from
two to four inches high. The treos
standing within this tropical, range
havo budded and leaved out with all
the luxuriance of Bummer. ,. .
Pol lard told the correspondent
of the Philadelphia Inquirer that Gen
eral Grant said if be had it in his pow
er be would suppress the Cincinnati
Enquirer and tha New York News for
their disloyalty. '
frem th. Springfield (Km.) FtpuVkn.) '
It is roost unfortunato that the load
ershipof the Republicanmajority in the
House bas lailen into such hands. Mr.
Stevens is a strong man, but his forte
is destruction, notcrealion. His opin
ions aro extreme ; his declared policy
reactionary and ruinous. And yet he
intends and expects to lead Congress,
stop by step, to the adoption of that
policy, and will know too well buw to
use tho present inflamed state of feel
ing among the members for tho accom
plishment of his purpose. It is his
avowed determination that the existing
State Governments of the South.organ-
ized under the direction of Tresider,
Lincoln und President Johnson, shall
be annulled and destroyed, and milita
ry or civil governments established on
their rnins. '
It is his determination that tbo pro
perty of tbo people of the South shall
be confiscated and distributed among
the freed negroes and Union soldiers,
and that the Southern States shall be
rolud as territories for an indefinite
period. Suppose Congress shall be in
duced to adopt either of these measures;
suppose a bill passed for suppressing
tho Stato Governments which the Exe
cutive has recognized as regularly
form id and legitimate. It needs no
words to show that this must lead to
actual collision. The President would
refuse to enfo-.ce . such . an net;
ho would resist 1U enforcement, with
all the power in his hands, and consdi-
cr himself bound so to do by his oath
to maintain and defend the constitu
tion. Tho consequences of such a con
flict of authority between the President
and Congress aro too fearful to contem
plate. And yet to just this calamity
docs the declared policy of the trusted
and followed leader of the Uuusc point.
The catastrophe is clearly possiblo
it is in the direct line of present ac
tion ; what is called tho Radical poli
cy of reconstruction, can not be even
inaugurated without it. Will it come
to this? We hopo not; we believe
not ; we think Congress will pause long
and consider well before it fillows its
leador to that precipice Wnile the
great question hangs in suspense, let
all true men possess their souls in ua
tienre, doingjnstico to tho motives of
the .1 resident, giving all due weight to
his opinions and arguments, and treat
ing him, in all respects, as tho execu
tive head of the nation deserves to be
treated, even if somo of his puhlio ut
terances are as indiscreet Si undignifi
ed as the congressional assaults upon
bim. Andrew Johnson has not the in
cxhaustibl patieneo and long suffer
ing of Abraham Lincoln, although like
him in disregard of the official proprie
ties; but it must be conceded that Pre
sident Johnson has exacted more
radical and humiliating concessions
from the South than President
Lincoln could have done. Let us
alsojudgo Congress fairly. Its con
trolling purpose is to protect tho freed
men and to secure tho restoration of
the Union upon a secure basis. Tho
majority of its member aro not actu
ated by hostility to the South, and their
love for country rises above regard to
party interests. If Congress and the
Executivo shall unfortunately bo plac
ed in an attitude of permanent hostili
ty, it is for the pooplo to hold the bal
ances impartially and to givo righteous
judgment between them. Forget par
ty ; forget men ; forget every thing but
the constitution, the laws, and the
eternal justice enthroned, above both,
and all will yet bo well.
The Copperheads in the Legislature
recently put thoir head togother and,
with tho hopo of manufacturing a littlo
political capital agreed to introdtico a
resolution giving addi'ional bounties to
tho soldiers who enlisted in and
1SC2. -
Now it is well known tli.it whilo tho
soldiers were in thofiold fighting south
ern democrats, theso follows had no
sympathy for them, but now that tho
boys arc at home they are very anxious
to secure their votes, and henco-aro re
sorting to all sorts of potty tricks and
devices with that end in view. Hcncu
tho above resolution.
The Union men thought it would be
well to test tho sincerity of thoir profes
sions, and so offered an amendment
providing that tho amount necessary
to pay thoso bounties bo made- out of
tho confiscated lands of traitors in the
This fell liko a bomb -shell in tho
"South Carolina corner" of tho Houso.
The Copperheads wero not willing that
Union soldiers should be paid at tho ex
pense of southern traitors, and so ccery
one of them voted against the amended
resolution. This shows iho sincerity of
their now-born love for tho soldiors. It
will have to grow considerably bofore
it is equal to thoir love for southern
traitors. Scioto Gazette:
Mi si Kmilv Batcheldor. a school
teacher, of East Montpolior, Vt., ro
fAiitlv whin nod a half crown bov who
, J I l C3 ,
stubbornly resisted her, but was held
by some ot the other scholars wuuo
he recoivod his punishment The boy's
father prosecuted tbo teachor, but fi
nally withdrew the suit, as publio
opinion was strongly against bim. A
collection was taken up and Miss
Batcholder's expenses paid. Tbo la
dies ot the district men prcBenieu uer
with a set of silver spoons and a but
In Irnifrt an an indication that tbey
supported her in enforoing discipline.
Tnl nnra.d Hnnlltv tine roftnlvnd 11
4VVIttnmv vvuuy . -
build a Soldier's Monument, to cost
ClO.OOO, . The lollowing . genuemou
comprise the Exeoutive Committee: C.
0. Chamberlain, T. W. Powell, W. P.
Keid.J. D. van.uoman, jonn won-
ley. .- f V" '
" ' " - f 4- '4 1 IT ""' ' ' ' l
; Why aiV country girV cbeeka Kko
good print dress? . Beeaos they aro
warranted ro wasn . ana retina their
Why are books' '" tho best friends?-
Because when thjfy, bora you,' you can
always shut 1119m up without offense.
Who was the instcst woman men
tioned in tho Bible '! Herodias ; when
sh got a head of John the Baptist on
a charger.- ' !"-', i -
Jefferson Davis is now afflicted
with a sore throat.Aioany Argvs. ' '
' He onght to have it tied np.--Jirr
Ilattn Palladium, - - r.
An exchange says when that load of
Massaohusett women reacbe Oregon
it is proposed to funnd ft city and call
it She cargo. , .; , ..
Yon ran't be oro ihat a doa- isn't
cross till you see him wag bis taiL .So
before you undertake to pat Mm, "wail
for the waggin ' ' '. ' ' '''
'It is never too late to mend "astha
old lady said when she sat up till 12
A 1 . I 1 . 1. .4 ..I.
r. in. vj uuiu ucr uueunuu u iuv-
ingn. 1 . ' A r. if d-.r
A marriaire Is thus notiood hv on
of onr cotemporaries: "Married, last
week, John Cobb to Miss Kate Webb.
Look out for little spiders." . ; -T ,l!t
The Grand Jury of Richmond bas
found a true bill against R. 11. Pollard,
for assaulting and beating E- P. Brooks,
correspondent of tho New York Timti.
Between sixteen and seventeen
thousand Mexicans, it is stated, ' bad
been executed in accord a noe with the
findings of Imperial courts martial
to the ond of December lost.,
No two human beings wero evor
alike either in body or mind. In oth
er wordii, Nature has been engaged -in
making men and women six thousand
years without ever making one aba
thought it worth while to repeat ' ' '
' At a wedding in New York, recently,
oneof thj guests, woman of high so-
11411 jwbiuum, euu4o ku . viuaue, eve ui
diamond earrings, intended as a pres
ent for the bride.
. ,''"'" " - "'"'l
' Come till America, Pal," , writea .
son of the Emerald Lilc, to bis friend
in Ireland ; " His a fine country to get
a livin in. All ye have to do, ts to get
a three-cornered box. and fill it wid
bricks and carry it till the top of
four story building, and tho man at)
the top does all tho work.' .
Dispatches to the 3tate Department,
indk-atethat immigration from Europe
to the United States will this year ex
ceed that of any previous year. All
the German porta especially are filling
up with persona desirous of securing a
passage to this country. j
A dog fight at Chicago, on Wednes
day, attracted a very largo crowd of
persons, and several thousand dollars,
changed hands ou the occasion. Botb
dogs died after tho encounter, wbicb
is reported to havo continued daring
two hours and forty minutes. Devii
lish. ' ,t ;r ,
A correspondent of the Louisville
Journal states that an old couple of bin
acquaintance, named Davis, have had
twenty-nine children,' that twenty-
eight of them are still alive, and fur
nished twenty -fire recruits for the Un
ion army. .... . ..
Tue Most Difeicult Asceot. Get
ting op a subscription. ,-
IT r mi T , -
iiotsT vomi-kssio. me legisla
ture of New York is trying to mature
a bill for cleansing tho great city, pre
paratory to the cholera season. Tho
N. Y. World, is abasing tbo . Union
major ty in that body, says they do
hot desire thecity to escape this plague,
because it would greatly thin out the
Democrats! That is a funny confession
for a Democratic paper to make! It is
as much as to ray that the Democrats
chiefly reside in sucu localities as r ive
Points, where the cholera would be
likely to commit the greatest ravages!
C. Timet. ' ,
In May last tho corner stone of a
new Roman Catholic cathedral was
laid in Pekin. It is to bo of magnifi
cent dimensions three hundred feet
long, and one hundred and fifty foct in
breadth, ts the extreme of the transept.
Its spire will overtop tho loftiest of tho
imperial city.
The Meridcn, Connecticut, Recorder.
states that Elliott 4$avvage, of Meriden,
lately received a patent for a new pro
cess of hardening iron,' which ho sold
to Jedediah Wilcox for $500,000, and
thaf Mr. Wilcox has sold it for f 2,000
Tollard publishes a card in which he
gives tbo following ns a correct copy cf
his noto to tho President applying for
nermission lo resume tho publication of
his paper: , , .
"Washington, Feb. 17. ...
"To the President: ;
, . ... . . ..I T4 1 1
.LI bl4? LlUU44W4-fclU4. VI w .
Examiner is permitted to bo resumed,
I promiso that it shall support the
.114 Mia Miilt innllAn rn. r, in n mni i.
Lnion, Constitution and laws, an im
policy of your administration. s
'1 have tho honor to do,
"Your obedient servant,
Signed . "II. Rives Pollakd",
This was written after an appeal to
General Grant, who had rofusod his
consent most emphatically. Pollard
also says, ot his iuterviow with tho
President: ; 1 -
Without attempting lo enter upon
the details of my .interview, I may eay
with propriety that enough transpired
to convinco me that the President is a
. I . 1 ,k C.-...II. on1 Kt. it la
vrue inonu ui iud uuuku, uu 44. -tho
duty of our peoploaa it 6hall bo
our plcasuro, in the luture to extend to
bim a cordial and generous support.
AIm. toe well they know,' '. ' : J : 1 '
., Thepaui, Ihe woe,",;. ; -- t
Caused by negleoting CATARRH ini
iU earliest stages Dr. D. H. 8eelya' j
give relief in a short time, and ii di-,
rections are. carefully followed, oven
permanently cure this dread diseaia
in its worstform. .! " 'l
,1 s-tif
11 n

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