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The Dayton forum. [volume] (Dayton, Ohio) 1913-1949, June 28, 1918, Image 1

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3,000 homes and is carefully read a
by 12,000 people every week
s throughout Ohio and Middle West
Vol 6 Namber 6
Ike Nation
National Association
Protests Again
A The National Association for the
i- advancement of Colored Peoples
makes public telegrams of protest to
Governor R. G. Pleasant of Louisiana
SEVEN—Forum—I3p June 27
and to the Chambers of Commerce
l)f Monroe, Baton Rogue, Shreveport
And New Orleans, La., against the
lynching last week of John Clayton,
ij» Negro, charged with having shot
••.•fMsjMid wounded Ben Brooks, a white
$ farmer, near Maugham, La. The As
sociation's telegram to the -Governor
"a directs his attention to the fact that
v.this last lynching brings Louisiana's
v total number of lynchings since the
^.United StateB entered the war up to
twelve. The telegram further points
U«ut that the lynched Negro, accord
ing tc. Louisiana press reports, had
been wounded several times in a bat
Vtle between himself and the mob
which pursued him, and so was prac
tically helpless. The Association tells
s the Governor that lynching must stop
-«nd tsks hiro whether Louisiana pur
to do her part to put down
this menace to national well-being.
The telegrams follow:
"June 25, 1918.
"Hon. R. G. Pleasant, Governor,
"Baton Rogue, Louisiana.
"The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People di
rects your attention to the lynching
of John Clayton, a Negro, near Mang
ham, La., on Tuesday, June 18th.
Press story in Shreveport Times of
19th states that Clayton was lynched
after battle with posse in which the
NegTO bad been several times
W wounded and therefore helpless. You
iy -are well aware that the crime of
which Clayton was accused, that of
shooting and wounding his white em
ployer, was punishable in the ordi
nary courts of your state. Louisiana
by her continued disregard of lawful
procedure, her permitting mobs to
flout her courts and lynch Negroes,
is placing the nation in an unfavor
able light before the peoples of the
world. America, for the sake of the
fej great cause in which she is engaged
and to which upwards of one hundred
fifty thousand Negro soldiers have
pledged their lives, is challenged by
every consideration of national honor,
to do justice at home. In the name
of the one hundred and seventeen ac
tive branches of the thirty-five thou
sand members of this Association and
in that of the larger law-abiding citi
zenship of the United States, we say
to you lynching must stop, and ask
whether Louisiana proposes to do her
part to put down this menace to na
tional well-being.
"John R. Shillady, Secretary Na
tional Association for Advancement
of Colored People."
(Telegram td Chambers of Com
merce of Monroe, Batan Rogue,
Shreveport and New Orleans, La.)
"June 25, 1918.
"Once more Louisiana spring into
a kind of infamy of fame by lynching
another Negro, John Clayton, on June
18th, near Mangham, La., making
twelve Negroes that have been
lynched in your state since the United
States entered the war. We have ad
dressed a telegram of protest to Gov
«t ernor Pleasant. Previous indications
4 are that Governor will take no action.
We ask your Chamber to consider
4 what Louisiana owes to the nation at
f- this time. Lynching is a foul blot
*1 upon our national honor and permits
foreign peoples to point the finger of
scorn at America at a time when our
v prestige abroad and national morale
A. at home demand that our citizens
abide by the laws and uphold our
courts. All classes of our citizens
are needed in food conservation, for
efficient labor and in loyal support
1 of the government. White men are
n.?t lynched in Louisiana. The danger
of lynching "Negroes at this time
to be obvious.
"JaKn R. Shillady, Secretary Na-
Association for Advancement
vl '.-*J
«. i"
Son of
'Dayton and Race
Wednesday afternoon, June 26th,
was observed fey the Unique Study
Club as memorial day for our be
loved poet, Paul Lawrence Dunbar.
The beautiful and commodious
home of Mrs. Emma V. Sherman was
the scene of this very brilliant affair.
The meeting was called to order by
the Vice President, Mrs. Wm. Avery.
Devotions were conducted by Mr.
Fields, after which Dunbar's
When AH Is Done" was given as a
concert reading by the Club. The
quotations brought out many gems of
thought from our favorite poet.
A very splendid paper on "Paul
Lawrence Dunbar's Life Its Value to
the Race," was read by Mrs. George
Boone. She very strongly emphasized
the fact that his lowly, humble life,
yet his exalted
4 lane
Mrs. Bertie Ellis read a most in
teresting paper on "Paul Lawrence
Dunbar's Works? Their Literary
Value." After commenting on each of
his books, many of his most prominent
poems were compared with the writ
ings of other popular poets. Very
truly we know that the literary value
of Paul Lawrence Dunbar's works is
inestimable, for by the authority of
one of the State schools, his "Lyrics
of Lowly Life" are the only folklore
poems of America.
rs. Jennie Buckner sang sweetly
"Who Knows." Mother Dunbar was
presented and in her beautiful, moth
erly way, addressed the ladies. She
very interestingly told the story of
her struggles, her love of poetry, and
the efforts of her son.
On request she gave the reading,
"Little Seed."
The other visitors present were:
Miss Edna Shank, teacher in the pub
lic schools of Evansville, Ind. Miss
Selina Mayo, teacher in Frankfort,
Ky. Mrs, M. L. Pollett, Mrs. Clifton
Willis, Mrs. T. J. Smith, Mrs. Maud
Walker, Mrs. George Dunn, Mrs. Jo
seph Lee, and Miss Mahala Brown,
who accompanied the singers.
The guests all made very encourag
ing remarks.
Delicious refreshments were served
and the ladies departed wishing many
more years to Mother Dunbar, and
regretting to lose the charming
hostess, Mrs. Sherman, who will soon
leave for permanent location in the
Southland. The Club also regrets to
lose Mrs. S. E. Cooper, one of the
charter members, who has gone to
make her home with her daughter,
Matthew Grisly in Flint, Mich
This Vas been a week of merriment
to the time of writing the program
has been carried out to the letter.
You who have missed the first part,
come Saturday evening. The conival
closes Sunday with Women's Day. We
invite every woman in the city to
come. Sunday, July 7th, is Rally Day.
Rev. Smith will preach and all of the
Dayton churches will be at Mt. Olive
Saturday, July 6th to attend a lawn
fete, the last of the season. The
pastor will see those who have
pledged financial support in the next
week's program for Mother's Day,
June 30th.
Morning service: Sunday School,
conducted by Mrs. Celia Campbell.
11 a. m.—Address, Mrs. M. Gaines.
3 p. m.—Qnward Christian Soldiers
Invocation—Sister Grace Vingar.
Scripture reading—Psalm 23.
Solo—Mrs. Rev. F. D. Day.
Paper—Mrs. C. T. Martin.
Solo—Miss Lucrtiac Wallace.
Address—Mrs. Rev. J. B. Parson.
Solo—Miss Mildren Dunn.
6:30 p. m. ~B. Y. P. U.: Instru
mental—Miss J. Williams.
Topic—Bible for every man—Mrs.
L. Gibson.
Duet Misses Davis, Crutchfield.
,j vT,» «rt V J/iy~ U i i -r iitaaiii
of thinking,
should be emulated by the race. Mrs.
Peyton very beautifully rendered
"Little Gal."
The purpose of these first visits is
to get the advice and solicit the help
of persons of both races in each state
in carrying out a co-operative pro
gram to take practical constructive
steps for enlisting all in a -c&mpaigri
to mobilize Negro workers for more
strenuous labor to win the war. Due
consideration, of course, is given to
improving the conditions of Negro
workers along all lines and to en
couraging all who labor.
Briefly stated, the plan is to se
cure in each locality co-operating com
mittees of white and colored citizens
composed of the strongest men and
women of both races to work out
plans and methods of adjusting local
labor problems, in the interest of both
employers and employees.
When interview by a representative
of the press, Dr. Haynes said: "In all
parts of the country, now, representa
tive white and colored people are feel
ing that this is the tl©ie _to pool their
efforts and pull together. W my work
of previous years I have found in al
most every locality 3ome white and
colored citizens who were responsive
to a practical program of work to
meet the needs of their community."
"The various betterment and civic
organizations that the colored people
have organized have shown such ac
tivity along many lines to improve
local conditions and race relations."
"On the basis of such experience,
the Department of Labor is buliding
its plans for meeting local labor situ
ations that are affecting the Negro
and his employers in various parts
of the country. Already, the Depart
ment is meeting with gratifying co
operation of both white and colored
people in various counties, twons and
"Just as in all the Nation's past
wars, the Negro Is ready to do his
share of the fighting in the trenches
and dying on the field of battle. No
less zealous has he been in doing the
Work to raise food and make supplies
for our Allies and our men at the
front. The Negro workman needs to
be told, in ways to make it clear, that
his toil of all kinds is appreciated
and of value in winning this war.
IJe need to have it made plain to him
that victory in this war will bring
rewards of democracy to him. If this
is done, Charles Knight's example in
brtsaiuag the world's riveting record
will he repeated many other neeit-
sui-t .5
yriUiiM'y iiorsy and aid»"~chulrs are
porting wounded Tommlas to the rear.
Washington, D, C., June 24, 1$18^
I)r. George E. Haynes, director of
Negro Economic?! of the Department
o£ Labor, has just returned froii) hb$i
extended trip into several states
where he met in conferences and in
terviews at digerent points in each
state a number of representative
white and colored men and women, to
discuss with them the plans of the
department for improving local labor
conditions. The Director visited
points tfl Virginia, Nortfi Carulina,
South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama,
Mississippi, Tennesse, and Kentucky.
He is also in correspondence with per
sons in Pennsylvania. Ohio and Illi
nois, for the purpo of similar visits
to those states.
The Soldiers' Aid society has re
cently become affiliated with the Na
tional Colored Soldiers' Comfort coih«
mittce, and are now conducting a
house to house canvass to raise funds
to help carry on the work.
The National Colored Soldiers'
Comfort committee is incorporated
under the laws of congress and is
composed exclusively of colored men
and women, organized for the purpose
of providing relief for needy depend
ents of our colored soldiers. The Na
tional officers of this orgimiation arc
Prof. Ivelly Miller, president Ralph
W. Tyler, secretary, and J. C. Napier,
The committee has been doing a
splendid work in caring for the sor
rowing and needy dependents of the
13 colored soldiers who were hung,
and the 41 who were imprisoned for
life at Fort Sam Houston, ai)d numer
ous other cases,
Since the showing of the pictures
here one of our own (Dayton) sol
dier's dependent has received a very
liberal check from the National Col
ored Soldiers' Comfort committee.
This local case should prove an in
centive and enable us to srnd a good
report to Washington. Every person
who is interested in the work of the
National Colored Soldiers' Comfort
committee is requested to get in touch
wiih our secretary by calling 4lff
or tw leave their name and address
at th© W. C. A., 800 West Fifth
Prior to our affiliation with the Na
tional Colored Soldiers' Comfort Com
mittee, Mr. Tyler in a communication
to our secretary said, "We are re
ceiving responses from as far north
as Alberta, Canada, from as far south
as Boreas del Toro, Republic of Pan
ama and from the Atlantic to the
Pacific, but as yet we have heard
nothing from Dayton." Shall we let
this statement stand, or will you give
us your financial support to help us
to "put Dayton on the map?" As
a society we have done our bit, but
we will not be satisfied with this.
We earnestly solicit your individual
co-operation to help give Dayton the
same rating as other Ohio cities.
Come out to our meetings, the second
aid foirth Thursday of each month
»nd learn more of the work.
1! '. f.
p!'"•'ifa*'"'Jitttve ii «},
•y. --fy-
impressed iuto the service of trans-
"There are two kinds of people
our country at this time: Those who
do, and those who don't. Wo plan to
enlist every Negro in the country in
the ranks of those who do."
Nearly five hundred people enjoyed
the motion pictures, "The Loyalty of
a Rac«" and "The Faith of a Race,"
shown at Community hall June 12
and 13 under the auspices of the Na
tional Colored Soldiers' Comfort com
mittee of Washington, I). C», and the
Soldiers* Aid society of this city.
There is a probability of a return en
gagement together with an added at
traction, as many have expressed a
desire to see the pictures again.
The Soldiers' Aid society has re
•ently received the following com
imnication from one of our boys "over,
.kiiV We are to fchar* tbe superintendent.
Gen. Pershing said he could not
"commend too highly the spirit
shown among the colored combat
troops, who exhibit fine capacity for
quick training and eagerness for the
most dangerous work."
The general's cablegram, which was
in reply to one of inquiry sent by
Secretary Baker, said:
"The stories, probably invented by
German agents, that colored soldiers
in France are always placed in most
dangerous positions and sacrificed to
save white soldiers, that when
wounded they are left on the ground
to die without medical attention, etc.,
are absolutely false.
Figures on Losses. ..
"The following are the losses as
reported up to June 18 in the four
colored combatant regiments now in
France: The 3(i!Hh infantry-—Died of
wounds, 3 died of disease, 8 severely
wounded, 2. The 370th infantry—
Died of wounds, none died of disease,
5 severely wounded, none. The 371st
infantry—Died of wounds, none died
of disease, 8 severely wounded, none.
The 372nd infantry—Died of wounds,
none died of disease, 3 severely
wounded, none. These figures show
conclusively that Negro troops have
same with the public:
"France, May 12,1918.
"Ladles: We have arrived safely
in France, and are well, hearty and
happy. France is a very beautiful
country and many wonderful sights
are to be seen. The buildings are of
ancient architecture, the farms are
well filled with 'eatables.' The peo
ple make us welcome and take great
pains in teaching us their language.
In other words, we are very 'Frenchy*
here in France.
"The kaiser is on his last stand
and it won't be long 'till it's 'over
over here,' and Company will re
turn home.
"Again 1 say we are well, hearty
and in line physical condition and
(censured) Send Bill &
Co. out of existence, thus closing the
war for democracy's sake.
"We are having everything that
we want but smoking tobacco, and
that is very hard to get. as you all
know smoking places the boys up
above the average so'dier, and that
is exactly what we need. Every ar
ticle that you have sent to us has
been highly appreciated.
(censored) and to
bacco would help us to drive the
kaiser out of Berlin.
"All the boys send best regards to
you and all their Dayton relatives and
friends. Tell them that a letter oc
casionally will place us in a jovial
"So with best wishes and success
to you all, I am
"Sergt. J. George Larkins,
"Co. G, 372 R. I. U. S.
"S. P., 229, France, via New York."
John Caldwell, 64 Kinnard avenue,
who was struck by a burning shell/re
ceived his sick claim this week from
the Fireside Mutual Insurance com
pany. The office of the company is
ADVERTISERS realize quick
results when using these *4
Jj umns to reach the people
Phone Us! Main 7696.
Refutes Charge that Colored Troops Are
Given More Hazardous Posts than White,
th Message to Sec'y- Baker, Shows
Small Losses in Ofiicial figuref
Washington, D. C., June 22.—For
mal denial of reports circulated in
this country, presumably by German
agents, that Negro soldiers with the
American expeditionary forces are be
ing given more dangerous work than
the white troops was cabled to the
War Department yesterday by Gen.
Pershing. The message said the
Negroes were in high spirits and that
their only complaint was that they
were not given more active service.
Price S Cuts
Seek uangerous i«ry
Denying German Story and
Recalls Heroic Fighting i
a 3 4 W a s e e i e s o e
.Family a£ A
Sts- ...• v..
not thus far occupied position* a*
dangerous as those occupied by whit*
troops and that their physical ctm#,*
tion is excellent.
"A tour of inspection just com
pleted among America Negro troops
by officers of the training section oi
these headquarters show the compara
tively high degree of training and
efficiency among these troops. $h#ir
training is identical with that of ^||h«e
American troops serving with th»
French army, the effort being to Jead
all American troops gradually to
heavy combat duty by a preliminary
service in trenches in quiet sector*.
"Colored troops in trenches hav*
been particularly fortunate as on*
regiment had been there a monttv be
fore any losses were suffered. Thia
was aknost unheard of on the past
ern front. I y
Tells of Hue Spirit^ .4
"The exploits of two colored- in
fantrymen some weeks ago in resell*
ing a much larger German patrol,
killing and wounding several (terrains
and winning the croix de guk-rr^ by
their gallantry, has aroused a 4in«
spirit of emulation throughouU-tha
colored troops, all of whom are l»3ok
ing forward to more active servi&i.
"The only regret expressed by col
ored troops is that they are not g£ven
more dangerous wo»k to do. 'Chey
are especially amused at the Most
dangerous positions, and all aresd«
sirous of having more active servica
than has been permitted them t$iu»
far. 1 cannot commend too highly th®
spirit shown among the colored nom
but troops, who exhibit fine capacity
for quick training and eagernesa £or
the most dangerous work." •$
Last Sunday was a treat to this
congregation, in the morning we wer#
favored with a soul-stirring sermon
delivered by Rev. Morton, of Chatta
nooga, Term, He preached a real
Gospel sermon that stirred the people
of the church. Two were added to
the church, and nine were added to
the church on Sunday before iaat..
We are growing continually «ach
The Sunday School holds its own
new additions each Sunday seven on
last Sunday. Don't forget the an
nual fiiuifuial rally on the first Sun
day in July. We are trying to go
over the top in cancelling the total
indebtedness of our church. We ear
nestly ask the assistance of all sitfttr
churches on that day, to help us.
"What's This?" the famous trouble
turkey trot church play, will b«
given on Tuesday evening, July 2nd,
at 8 o'clock p. m. Please be on time
and get it all. The play is worth
50 cents, but our admission is 25
cents. Don't miss it. Bring your
friends, for it is really a schooling
to see and hear it. Don't forget tha
date, July 2nd.
There will be a musical and literary
program on July 5th. All are invited
to attend. Admission, 10 centa be
gins at 8:15 p. m.
We wish to thank the friends for
their kind expression of sympathy
that was extended us in the hour of
our sad bereavement. For the beau
tiful floral offerings and for the words
of consolation. We wish to thank th»
undertaker, Mr. Reynold Jackson, for
his service Mrs. Alfred Lewis for
ithe music also Rev. Bass for his Idnd
and those who helped «s in
1 (W (A aJli *.

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