Vol 6 Nnuxber 17
Colored Women Forced to
•5fr ^":^Work .in.Cotton Fields
NATIONAL ASSN. WIRES WILSON
New York City, Sept. 24,1918.
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People,
through its Secretary, John R. Shil
lady of New York, makes public
the following telegrams of protest to
President Wilson and to Governor
Brough of Arkansas against the ap
plication of compulsory work laws to
women. The Association's action was
taken on the basis of press dispatches
stating that Arkansas planters have
begun & movement to force Negro
women to work on cotton plantations
in that state against their will and
the reported enforcement in a Georgia
town against Negro women of com
pulsory work laws which are applied
against colored women only. The
September 23, 1918.
Hon. Woodrow Wilson,
President of the United States,
Washington, D. C.
National Association for Advance
ment of Colored People earnestly re
quests your attention and that of
proper department of the federal gov
ernment to prevent forced labor of
Negro women in any of the states
New York papers of September 21
carry press dispatches from Pine
Bluff, Arkansas, that local business
men and planters have begun move
rtt'Pt to have work or fight order ap
plied to women, alledging that Negro
women now living on allotments paid
them by War Department because of
drafted husbands and sons serving in
armed forces of country, are l-efusing
to perform labor. Wrightsville, Geor
gia, is reported to be enforcing
against colored women only ordinance
requiring both sexes to work at least
fifty hours per week. This Associa
tion is confident that your high sense
of justice inmxTm- prompt con
demnation of efforts to apply com
pulsory work laws to women's labor
and that you will regard it as invi
dious and un-American to apply com
pulsory work principle to Negro
JOHN K. SHILLADY,
National Assn. for Advancement of
of Colored People.
September 23, 1918.
lion. Charles H. Brough, Governor,
Little Rock, Arkansas.
National Association for Advance
ment of Colored People requests in
formation concerning proposed move
ment of Arkansas business men and
planters to invoke so-called work or
fight order to be applied to Negro
women. In the name of colored peo
ple of Arkansas who are unrepre
sented in your Legislature, and in the
name of colored people of the nation,
this Association emphatically pro
tests against discriminatory applica
tion of labor eonsciption to colored
people and particularly objects to la
bor conscription of women. No prop
osition is anywhere made to conscript
labor of white women. The nation as
& whole will regard attempt to con
script colored women as in the nature
of peonage. Negroes of the country
are serving loyally in nation's armed
Monday. You are
forces arid on its industrial battle
JOHN R. SHILLADY,
National Association for Advance
ment of Colored People.
A. M. E,
IU*V. Fox, of Urbana, Selected—Rev.
Childress Preaches Opening
The public reception for the North
Ohio Conference Tuesday evening at
Grace M. E. Church was an affair long
to be remembered in Dayton. The ad
dross of welcome by Mayor Switzer,
•the response by Dr. Jackson and the
musical numbers rendered by the
i-horus under the direction of John
Arnold were the outstanding features
of the evening. While the tableau by
the 7th and 8th grade of Garfield
school, directed by Miss Crocket, was
a pleasing climax to the exercises.
The following program was rendered:
America—Choir and Congregation.
Invocation—Rev. J. E. Burton, Mc
Kinley M. E. Church.
French National Anthem—Marsel
laise—7th and 8th Grades, Garfield
Anthem—Conference Chorus Choir.
Solo—John Wesley Arnold, Director
Welcome Address—Hon. J. M. Swit
zer, Mayor of the City.
Anthem—Conference Chorus Choir.
Welcome Address—The Alliance-
iUv. T. j. rtmitn, Kion Baptist t.nuren.
Address of Welcome Sunday
Schools—Miss Mamie Banks.
Anthem—Conference Chorus Ghoir.
Response—In behalf of the Confernce
—Dr. Thomas H. Jackson.
Presentation of Rt. Rev. C. T. Shaf
fer, the Presiding Bishop.
Tableau—"The Star Spangled Ban
ner,"—7th and 8th Grades, Garfield
Rev. H. F. Fox, of Urbana, was
elected chief secretary of the North
Ohio conference of the African Meth
odist Episcopal church at its morning
session yesterday at the Grace M. E.
chuich, Fourth and Ludlow streets,
Rev. Woodson of Mt. Vernon was
chosen asistant secretary Rev. C. M.
Hogan, statistical secretary, and Rev.
J. T. Farley of Youngstown, reporter
for the church papers.
The opening sermon yesterday
morning was preached by Rev. C. W.
Childress of Cleveland. During the
afternoon there were reports from all
the churches, pastors telling of the
I A* 5.W
£-r Vv vf
the Amerienn soldiers. i
Arnold sang a solo at the
service last night.
The sessions will be continued today
at the Grace church, when reports will
be heard and other general business
will be transacted.
SPECIAL TRAINING FOR
YOUNG COLORED SOLDIERS
SPECIAL T(* THE FORUM
Technical and Mechanical Equipment
Offered at Leading Institutions
TRAINING CORPS IN
^Government Prepares Young Men for
Military Service and for Civic
Pursuits After War
(Special to the Forum)
Washington, D. C., Sept. 15.—Mr.
Emmett J. Scott, Special Assistant
to the Secretary of War, announces:
The War Department has worked out
mental and manual training for the
young colored men who have been
called into the United States Army,
or who are likely to be called through
the new selective draft law. The edu
cational systems have been adopted to
increase the efficiency of the man
power of the military service.
The first is the Training Detach
ment, or Vocational Section, which has
already proven its value as an agency
for the betterment of the embryo sol
diers through the nearly 8,000 that
have been turned out as skilled work
ers in many technical branches, all of
which tend to improve their chances
growth and extension of their pas- for usefulness and advancement in the
torates. Last night the sermon was army and qualify them for livelihood
delivered by Rev. T. H. Jackson, pro- after the war. Some of the subjects
fessor of theology in Wilberforce col-J embraced in the courses offered at the
lege. schools set apart for this vocational
A large mixed choir selected from training are: radio, or wireless teleg
all the A. M. E. choirs of the city raphy electricity, auto mechanics and
sang several anthems under the di- chauffeurs, truck driving, blacksmith
rection of Rev. John Arnold. Rev. ing, wheelwrighting, carpentry, bench
A. ML E. Conference at Memorial tall all day
DAYTON. OHIO, FRIDAY SEPT. 27, 1918
CHATFAU THIERS^ PEOPLE GREFT THEIR LIBERATORS
In this, one of tlt$ flrs»t pictures (o reut'li this country of Hie buttle of ("htilcuu Thierry, are shown some In
habitants of the town who remained during the German occupation walking through the destroyed streets to
burg, S. C. Prairie View Normal and
Industrial College, Prairie View, Tex
as Lincoln University, Chestei
County, Pa. West Virginia Collegiate
Institute, Institute, W. Va. Wilber
force -University, Wilberforce, Ohio
Alabama A. and M. College, Normal,
Alabama Tennessee A. and M. Col
lege, Nashville, Term., and Louisiana
A. and M. College, Baton Rouge, La,,
fourteen in all.
Collegiate Sections of Student Army
In a number of the leading colored
colleges of the land provision has
been made for the establishment of
units of the Student Army Training
Corps. Students of these schools
enter in the usual way, subject to the
regulations of the individual institu
tions as to the educational and other
qualifications. If above eighteen
years of age and registered with hit
local board, the matriculant may ap
ply for voluntary induction into the
military service of the nation, the
privilege beginning on or about Oc
tober 1st. They will receive $80.00
per month, subsistence, housing, uni
form and equipment, and their tuition
will be paid by the Government.
Graded by proficiency, the student
may later be assigned to duty either
by transfer to an officers' training
camp, or to continue his Jtechnical or
scientific studies in the school where
he is enrolled, or to a non-commis
aioned officers' training school, or to a
vocational training school, or will be
transferred to a cantonment for duty
as a private. Under this far-reaching
system, young men will be given an
V ...•/•VJ- -V
cobbling, concrete National Medical Association and au-
woiking, horse-shoeing, pipe-fitting, thor of numerous literary and medica'
productions Dr. Algernon B. Jackson,
Training Detachments and Vocational surgeon in-chief of Mercy Hospital,
Va, Howard University, Washington,
D* C. Atlanta University, Atlanta.
Ga. Georgia State A. and M. College.
Sections Philudelpha, Pa. Dr. Roscoe Brown,
schools so far selected to give 'of Richmond, Vu. and Dr. Ralph A.
special vocational training to the Stewait, of Washington. 1). C.
y^sng colored men of draft age, who According to the plans adopted it
shall for this purpose be inducted into is confidently expected that every col
e a i v e i i a y s e v i e a e u s- o e s o i e i n e A y W i e
kegee Institute, Tuskegee Institute,} reached by this educational work.
Ala. Hampton Institute, Hampton. The work of these physicians is to be
Savannah, Ga. North Carolina A. and in press, and a pamphlet covering 0. C., have been presented the Croix
*lV|,|,FrVATW ttiuf-HHV fS* nM k these subjects sirnplv but, thnrmmhl- b» fj" .?re for hrnvm-v
.UbLMiiAtli [Carolina'- A. and M. College, Onm*.*- war on pni into the hands of every word received trom France. Theaa
colored soldier in the Army who is companies, now the 372d regiment,
able to read. It is hoped to reach are brigaded with the French and ara
those who cannot read by specially-'considered to be among the very best
prepared pictorial placards and stere
opticon slides. The last mentioned
work will be largely in the hands of a
group of colored sergeants who are
peculiarly adapted by education and
training for this work.
THE NEGRO IN WAR WORK
Issued from the Office of Emmett J.
Scott, Special Assistant to the Sec
retary of War.
Washington, D. C., Sept. 25, 1918.—
In the "drive" for the third liberty
loan the colored citizens of Jackson
ville, Fla., were asked to raise $50,-1
000. When the returns were all in it
was found that the energetic colored
citizens had subscribed for bonds to
the value of $250,000—a quarter of a
millions dollars' worth and five times
the amount requested of them. The
executive commitee in charge of the
work among the colored people was
headed by Charles H. Anderson, treas
urer of the National Negro Business
I/eogue, and senior member of the
firm of Anderson and Company, bank
ers. In recognition of this splendid
showing the general committee award
ed an "honor flag" to the colored citr
i'/ens of Florida's metoropolis, and at
a monster mass meeting the flag was
formally accepted, with Dr. N. W.
opportunity to continue their educa-! Collier, president of the Florida Nor
tion while recjving military training mal and Industrial Institute, St. Aug
and will have the. advantage of skillful
preparation before entering upon their
duties in the field.
ustine, Fla., as spokesman of the 'oc
On the 14th of September, the col
ored people formally took notice that
it was the 58th birthday anniversary
of General John J. Pershing. The
following telegram, signed by Allen
G. Perkins, Thomas
Washington, D. ^C., Sept. 25.—An-, the office of Emmett J. Scott's special
noimccment is made that, a group of assistant, to General Pershing in
prominent colored physicians and sur-j France:
geons have been appointed by the War "As Galveston Negroes, assembled
Department to carry on a vigorous to rehearse for Liberty Chorus No. 1,
campaign of education, with a view of under War Camp Community Service,
Combatting the spread of veneral dis- we are reminded that today is the
eases in the camps and cantonments 58th anniversary of the birth of the
tV.e c:v. ntrv, where colored soldiers chief figure in America's Expedition
are stationed in Appreciable numbers, ary Forces, General John J. Pershing.
The phys'cans thus far selected for As he commands and leads the sol
Ihis vitally important work include: diers of our country, among whom are
pr. C. V. Roman, of Nashville, Tenn., members of our race, our prayers as
fcamrif editor of
the Journal of tti#
Love and Cor-
jnelius J. Williams, was sent through
for him and bis corafnaafi. W«
mrn-m* mm mmm
ADVERTISERS realize quick
results when using these coi
jjj umns to reach the people.
jg Phone Us Main 7006.
K n n e s
Price 5 Cents
send through you our felicitations t»
him, and give assurance of our
giance in every way in the cause for
inch he is battling.*
The hostess house tsr
troops at Camp Gordon, which has
been in process of erection for several
weeks, is now ready for occupancy.
The Atlanta Constitution says: "Tha
house is a building complete in its ex
pression of beauty and comfort, tha
same attention being given to the
details of harmonious and Artistic
equipment that characterizes all the
hostess houses that have beeui and
are still being erected at neai'ly every
cantonment in the country, and is de
signed along the same lines of tha
hostess houses for white soldiers."
The structure was provided through
the efforts of the National War Work
Council of the Y W. C. A., the head
quarters of which is in New York
City. This fills a long felt want, aa
there was great need for the colored
soldiers at Camp Gordon to have a
suitable place where they might meet
their relatives and friends who had
come from a distance to visit them.
Mrs. Alice Dunbar Nelson, the
newly-appointed field worker to mo
hiliiee the "woman-power" of the col
ored people of the nation, has just
oncluded a successful tour of tht
southern states, and has formed many
new organizations through which tJha
women of the race may aid in win
ning the war, and stimulated to a
marked degree all of the units sh«
found in existence in the cities and
towns. Her itinerary covered mora
than 5,000 miles. She was greeted
most cordially by the State Councils
of Defense and these organizations
throughout the South evince a dispo
sition to co-operate in ever possible
way with the patriotic colored women
'»f that section.
Sergeant Robert Terry, of the First
Separate Company of Baltimore, and
Sergeant Charles Hughes, of the First
supplemented by literature which has
e':»n prepared to mee the special
needs of colored troops. This is now Separate Battalion, of Washington,
trained regiments in France.
Of the graduates from the Field
Artillery Training School for officers
at Camp Taylor, Louisville, Ky., 38
were colored. It is reported that Bix
of the honor students were colored.
The school opened July 1st and closed
August 81st. Colored men, it is
stated, stood second, third and fourth
in rating in the total class of 2,500.
In accordance with the revised regu
lations issued by The Adjutant Gen
eral of the Army, applications of civ
lians to the Central Officers' Training
School may now be received. The ag%
limit of applicants is from over 18 to
'ess than 46 years at the date of reg
istration. Special induction for train
ing at these schools will be regulated
so that a fair proportion of candidates
shall come from (1) The Army at
large in accordance with existing in
structions (2) Civilians in Class 1-A
(8) Civilians with deferred classifica
tions. The final selection of civilian
applicants will be made by the Com
manding Officers of the various Cen
tral Officers' Training Schools. No
applications will be considered in the
War Department At present, colored
men are admitted to training schools
as follows: Artillery, Camp Taylor,
'Louisville, Ky. Infantry, Camp Pike,
Little Rock, Ark. and machine gun
training, Camp Hancock, Augusta,
At the closing exercises of the In
fantry Division of the Central Offi
cers' Training School at Camp Pike,
Little Rock, Ark., one hundred and
seven colored men, representing
nearly every State in the Union, re
ceived commissions as second Lieuten
ants. Capt. Garrison, the instructor
in charge of the school, said that the
young men had exceeded all expecta
tions and had met conditions ac they
were in a most cheerful and confident
^manner and that they had mounted
the military ladder of training round
by round, showing a degree of profi
ciency that compared most favorably
with their fellows. Their conduct ia
camp and city was most praiseworthy..
They came from all walks of life,
from college down
Dinner and Supper
served at Eaker Street
Church Sat, and Suo.
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