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The Qwjhee Tidal W&ve.
Thursday Morn'g, Krb. 3, 1S70. The latest loeal new* silt tie found on the two outside png«. CHm*ttr InflfleBCCMs Fremont as early as 1814 discov ered that the great mountain ranges passing north and south and nearly parallel w ith thu Pacific Coast, from l'uget Sound to the Gulf of Califor nia, exerted a marvelous influence over the climate, and moreover had much to do in determining the con sistency and humidity ol the atmos phere in different localities. For instance, in his journal and report to Congress he accounted for the mild and gentle atmosphere of Cal ifornia, ns compared with that of the desert east of the Sierras, which is dry and harsh, upon the theory that the more humid and fertilizing air from the Pacific ocean, w hich, in the process ol evaporation, became sep uratetrd from the lighter and dryer element, and as the former hung nearer the earth and met with re aistence when coming in contact with the mountain chain, causing it to re coil and flow back in counter cur rents toward tbe ocean and descend in gentle showers over the land ; the former floated higher und passed over the summit to tbe plains of the Great Basin. Rut Gurfleido, in Ids lecture at Lincoln ilnll in Washington, reveals still anotli.r and quite as important a phenomenon connected w ith moun tain agency in controlling the cli mate ef the Northwest Coast. One too that applies more directly to our own locality, and assists us in solv ing the mystery of tbe climatic differ ences in our mountain gorge* and lowland valleys in winter. Contriry to hitherto received opinion, the cli male ot the Owyhee mines is found to be much warmer in winter and cooler in summer than the valleys that surround us. We shall take the theory advanced by Gailietde and attempt to show by our own experience tl at it l< reasonable and true. The mount ains or rattier mountain 'in which these mines tire situated stands iso lated from all other great elevations attrface of the ground. Tbe ratified air of course rises and floats in an upper stratum ; the cold and chilly atmosphere remains near the earth, and coming in contact with an iso lated mountain, with a wide expanse of open country on either sile, 1 1 *y are no f .r e.l to tnuin the summit through the lighter and warmer air of that elevation, but being depressed and held down by thu upper currents, slide off as it were, and flow down the valleys and open lands at its base, while the up per or ratified sir him pours over the summit and supplies us with a ge nial atmosphere of more comtoi ta ble temperature. The damp and hazy atmosphere of tbe valleys, set free by the process of freezing, rolls lazily up tbe mountain sides, and coming in contact with the upper currents is carried over the summit, where it is held in eddying whirl winds until by condensation, conge lation and crystalizatioa it is con verted into snow, and thus are our deep snow-falls accounted for. Having examined the causes and attempted to establish a theory for our warm climate in winter, we shall now attempt to explain our ideas ns to why it is cooler in the mountains and is surrounded by a series of lowlands. The prevailing winds in (he open country of (his latitude in winter are In Ihe nature of things cold and bleak, and by evaporation only, in the absence of (lie sun's is sufficient heat evolved to rays, rar.fj the air to nny cxUmt, khi not tuffleient to b«* observable near the to tbun in lhe valley* during lin - sum mer month». Those acquainted with the cba-HCler ol the country that surrounds us need not bo told that after the middle .of June there is very lilltlo moisture either in the air or in the ground ; consequently the heat of summer ia attributable not to evaporation but the reflection ot the sun's rays after they strike the earth ; and as these rays emit no heat in transit, or until they strike the earth, it follows that the atmos a • I phere immediately surrounding the ; earth's surface is more directly ex- | nosed to th« reflection, and as thev ... . ,, rise after becoming thus heated they escape Irom the sun's influence anil become cool as they take their place tipper stratum, which floats in and fans the dwellers upon the mountain top. * adherents. Ills editorial connection | wilh the Louisville journal has ex ill I lie Dkatii op Gio. D. Prentice.— On the morning of January 22<1, 1870. at Louisville, Kentucky, Geo. D. I'rentice died. He was born at Pres cott, Connecticut, on the 18th day December, 1802, consequentfy his age at the time of his death was sixty-seven years one month and lour days. As a paragraph writer he had no equal in America for many years, and while the Whig party lived was one of its most devoted tended through a period of over 38 years, commencing in 1831. A ma jority of bis political writing having been penned to meet special cases in thu midst of campaign excite ment;, while they were sharp, pun gviit und did good service at the time, have passed out of memory with the measures they were intend ed to build up or pull down. Cf bis prose writings, the ** Thunder Storm " and *• A Tale of a broken Heart " will live as gems in literary composition when their author, as a politician, will be remembered no more. As a poet he was far above me diocrity, and in bis peculiar style, which approached nearer to that ol Campbell, Cowper or Dope, perhaps, t ian any other American, he had no equal. Lines written at my mother's grave, and "Closing Year" will find a place in poetical colections and pop | nlar school books as long and where ever the English language is spoken, llis first effort as an editor was on the New England Review, at Iiart tord, Connecticut, in 1828-9, prior to his removal to the west. I (is editorial career has been some what eventful, often turbulent and bitter, and of later years unprofita hie and unimportant, yet tbe conn j dependent. ! Wo do not copy tbe above with | the purpose of attempting to answer it categorically, though we have an impression that the Pintes were there first ; at any rate they were there when we came, ns tell you. His " Plight of Years," j try realizes and must acknowledge that a gr. at man has died. j j , Wno knows who first explored this portion of Nevada, and when and who gave names to these nb I jecls of nature, or changed the St. I Mary's into the Humbolt?— Elko In Karon Von Humboldt wat the first white man who has left any record of hia explorations in that region, and John Charles Fremont is (ho man who ,cbanged the name of the river from St. Mnry'a to Humboldt, in a report to Congres», remarking that be did so in compliment to that Nestor q f acientific traveler», Karon Von Humboldt. As to who gave names t, other objecta of nature, doubtless old Winnetnticca could throw some light on tbe subject ; if not call on Tom Rule, Dave Me larkey, Hat Harris, or any of the old Piute» around Uoionvilte. Dun ri,„ th» river • thev ran Glen or along tne ruer , tney can IiBMONSTitAXCE.-Th« following is I * a copy of the remonstrance now re ceiving signatures in Ada county j • 'aitint the passage ol Stewart's bi.l divide the Territories of Idaho 3. to and Utah for the benefit of Nevada: To the Senate and House of Repre sentutives of the United litotes of , America : The undersigned, citizens of Idaho j Territory, would respectfully, but i most earnestly remonstrate against | the passage of a bill introduced in j the Senate, entitled, " a Kill to I I change the boundaiies of the State ; llf jj eVa d, t " ull j submit the follow- t | mg as some ol the reasons lor the remonstrance: . We hare had a Territorial exist ' Our ence for nearly seven years, country has been settled under many difficulties; not least among which has been the presence of hostile , q tribes of savage* within onr borders; b it under all our difficulties we liavo succeeded in maintaining a Territo rial Government of moderate re * pec lability. We bave at the same time incurred a Territorial Debt of one hundred and eleven thousand d dlars, the most of which has been funded and it now drawing interest. This délit was contracted in good taillt, with resources sufficient to liq uidate the snme in a reasonable time, and carry on a Teiritoral Govern ment. Wo are enjoying uninter rupted peace throughout onr entire domain ; new mines are being dis covered; agricultural pursuits are promising well ; everything seems to invite immigration and capital. Idaho now pays the largest amount | ol i nt ,. l oa | Revenue into the Nation ul Treasury „of any of tbe Territo ries, and her present boundaries and resources promise at no distant day population and wealth sufficient to maintain a State organization. The cutting off of that portion ot our domain designated in the Bill re ferred to will weaken our resources so much that repudiation of our Territorial Debt would be inevita ble, and the responsibility of assum ing the same would devolve upon the General Government, or the dis grace of repudiation be justly C larged to it. In view ol these facts we earnestly pray that the bill may not pass. [ el T-onvkrt Prick of Gold.— We find a tabular étalement iu the Public Ledger Almanac, Phil adelphia, showing the highest and lowest r inge «if gold in each year since the suspension of specie pny IIlOUKHT AND mont, as follows : In 1862, highest 1.37, lowest, 100; in 18G3, highest 172$, lowest 122$ ; in 18(14, highest 285, lowest 151$ ; in 18(15, highest 2334$, lowest 138jj ; in 18G6, highest 1(173, lowest 125; in 18(17, highest 146}, lowest 132 ; in 18(18, highest. 150, lowest 132$ ; in 18119, highest 175, lowest 121$. John- M. CaxnauY and George W. Thatcher announce themselves in I the Idaho World as candidates be r fore the Democratic convention lor j Sheriff of Boise county. DENTISTRY. HR. F. GRETE HAS HE sumed his old professtoh, and is j prepared to perform all operations in I)en j till Surgery. Mechanical Uci» , tlstry. etc., at reduced rates. Office —Opposite Wavs Office, Washing ton st. F. GUF.TK. 9 af _ EDWARD AYEARS, BOOT-MAKER, Silver City One door north of Soramcrcamp's Washington Street Boots Made to Order a nil Repair ing Done. f the Big Boot 'M ; the » have made and constituted .ws I BURY my attorney in tact te transact ■ business for me and in my namednring lay ( >lMeue J'„. n , l(ie Territory. . F. ... ». August Î4lb, It sa ISlf W See Sigi 2tf Ko. Unri8t rr iH8 and New Years ! Pie». Cakes and Coufecilonery ! M-CHAEL LURE AT CRETE'S OLD STAND ■ 3 PREPARED TO F CltNISH and manu B facture to order all kinds of Bread, pirn. Cakes and Confectionery lor the Holiday». OW Send in your orders, as I keep no oid MICHAEL RUHR, Baker and Coufectioner. stork on hand. Oltt NOTICE. * ; » «Lscsuru» ; r. lx.rtcht^ HERMAN & 00 BANKERS, 3. E. Cor. Washington and Second Streets, •» SILVER CITY, IDAHO TERRITORY, j I t Draw Sight Drafts on Scholle Bro's, San Francisco nml New York ; Portland, Dgn., and the principal Eastern Cities, —AXD— EUIIO I 1 K. Do a general BANKING BUSINESS. Buy »ml sell , q 0 h Coin, Currency and Bullion, Mike Advances on MERCHANDISE. —oOo— Receive Storage in tire-proof Warehouse. 4ltr Delmonico Restaurant. One door south /'"'N the Postoffice, ( c J ^jgggfcWashington Xtrtt'. ROBERT, THOMAS, [ The. Old A Igcrive, Ex Chief Cfok to Abd el- Kader y the E-nir of Mascara J id Pro ami head coot liitu&eli, and gets up Lunches ntn.ll hour» of the day and night. pneior, ■ of alï kinds Chickens and Gu Roiled, Stewed, Fried. Broiled, Fricusccd and scolloped. Oysters in all styles, unit Eggs, Soups, iim And everything cl.se in, anti out ot season, When Called for. Pics, Cukes. Custards, Fruits, Nuts, etc., etc. In short tbe Old Algerine is not second to any tuan in Ilia prof ssion as an expert in culinary attain 1 . 76tr ROBERT THOMAS, Prop'r. Christmas and New Years ! A Fine Assortment of NEW JEWELRY of Ik« VERT LATEST PntUi Just Received at F. W. BLAKE'S t LtlW PRICES! I For Sal© 8W* Also, to close out this Branch of Business, a variety of fine Work-Boxes, Toilet «'uses. Lnriie* Mateliels, Fancy Good», French Doll«, Toys, etc., etc.. Will be Fold at-less than S;»n Francisco Cost. 8S" Come early if you would secure nice presents for little money. IDAHO HOTEL. I Jordan St., Silver City, I. T. Having taken tlio interest ot Mr. James Hays in this commodious Hotel, and it, having hecn recently repaired and tlior OU gh|y renovated ! will endeavor to make it a FIRST-CLASS HOTEL in every particular. It is Conveniently located, tiring near the Express Office and the Banking Houses, and lli« Oltlc« of iti« Railroad Hue of Stages is located in this Hotel. Stages for ths Railroad, and all points or the Territory, arriving and departing daily. Tlic Purest Water forait uses, and ga-Uorntortahlo Bath-Rooms arc connected wuh tho Hotel. Believing that 1 have Superior Accom modations, I have no hesitancy in asking a liberal share or the public patronage. H. B. EASTMAN, 29tf ] Silver Citv, I. T. Sep. 23, 1S69. Proprietor. MUSIC SCHOOL! Per. Father Poulin W ILL COMMENCE BIS MUSIC SCHOOL in A. H. Webb's build ing. Washington street, opposite War Eagle Hotel, .m Tl nrsday. January Bib. lay 'ihno Students at School will receive three hoar each lessons of three-fourth» of l>er week, and will have three fourths oi an hour practice each day, ^todays excepted. Terms: At School per month.$12 00 At Students Residence. 15 00 Vocal iostructioo and le«sons on vio lin or other instrument. For public lessous in singing. 6 00 sr Currency taken at par, and payable in advaure. _ , fltÿ- Puptis will furnish their own Books. aw Those desiring to form a ringing Thursday at ! io oo class art* invited to meet »even o'clock at the rcsldeuci of A. Z. Pou lin, opposite War Kajle Hotel. 4lf KRANBERRIES. KODFISH, KORNMEAL AND KROCKERY, at J. H CELAT A CO.'S. W. D. BIGELOW, Dxalu ia GROCERIES, WINES, UttlORS, , FLOUR, GRAIN and VEGETABLES. 83* Advances made on Storage and Com mission Goods. nr 1000 MEN WANTED I —AI— GRAHAM'S SAMPLE ROOM*, -To Buy His Stock —or— FINE LIQUORS AND CIGARS! ( Wholesale and Retail ) Cheap for CASH. SS- Give him a call and Sample. ** Washington st. —one door south of Second. Uf JAMES GRAHAM. COSMOPOLITAN RESTAURANT. % A. M. Li »comb has started % FIRST-CLASS RESTAURANT at George Merritt's old stand on Washington Street, near Long Gulch. He! COSMOPOLITAN will not be behind any eating establishment in the Territory I Providing -Good Fare for Its Guests. 83* Come and try it once and you will come again. Charges Mcderute. A. M. LISCOMB. T 6lf C. W. PLACE M UATÜKWS. â MUSIC *, _ —FOR— PUBLIC A PRIVATE PARTIE» Furnished by MATHEWS, & PLACE On noasoniibld Term«. Apply at the Scandinavian Saloon. 78tf CITY BOOK STORE. fiBHtXL M. LEBRECHT, Next door to Herman & Co'i y 3miÊÊmÊ8w Bank , —DEALER IX— Books, Stationery, Legal C up. Notion», Tobacco, Cigar», CLOTHING, Fruit, Confectionary, Toy», AmnianlUou, etc. — ALSO— A CIRCULATING LIKKAKY. tut LIVERY STABLE IN FLINT. The Ancient Uniinrr KKKPS A HORSE HOTEL In tho Basement of Herman A Co. 's Stere GKO. DREW, Prop Owyhee City. EDWARD BORMAN. door north East side Washington Street , of the Miners' Hotel. SILVER CITY, MANUFACTURER m. AXD bEALSR IS Boots, Shoes, I Boots, klioi-Find Inga, Etc., Etc., Or, Gu Y STOCK OF SAN FRANCISCO-MADE Boots—direct irora the inunutarturcr, COMPLETE. M —ALSO— A very extensive shipment of Leather and other Fine Stock, From which 1 »m prepared to make to orde. ANYTHIXG IN MY LINE. I employ None but the Best Workmen, and Personally SUPERINTEND THE WORK MW Good« of my own manu factura al ways on hand. Repairing Neatly and Promptly at ' EDWARD BORMAN. tended to. l;' FOR SALE. T he residence of dr. tibbits. Medical Point Arraue, ia for real w aalo cheap. _ __ aa Apply to T. J. Butler, Warn »Sea