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BY ELI D. AKE.
IRONTON. - - - MISSOURI. NEWS AND NOTES. of Important EYent3. TnE Governor of Mississippi has ap pealed for aid in behalf of the flood victims In the Yazoo delta. Col. S. II. Halabird is to take charge of the Quartermaster-General's of fee in Washington. It is reported from Berlin that Ger many and Austria have ordered the strengthening of the eastern fortresses. Twenty more indictments charging conspiracy and perjury have been returned In the straw bond cases at Washington. The Utah contested election case came before the House committee on the 24th, and the seat was declared vacant. The Secretary of War has ordered 100,000 rations sent from St. Louis for the relief of sufferers in Mississippi and Arkan 8as lowlands. The Mayor of Rockford, 111., has called out the citizens to search for II. W Loomis, a prominent pioneer, who mysteri ously disappeared some days ago. General Ruchek, recently appointed Quartermaster of the United States Army, has beeu placed on the retired list and Gen eral Rufus Ingalls appointed to the vacancy. Secretary Hunt and the naval com mittee in Congress are to visit four navy yards and inspect the monitors stored there, in order to decide the question of rebuilding them at a cost of 4,000,000. Caft. Eads has convinced the House Committee on Levees and Improvements that Cowdon's outlet system won't do for the Mississippi. He does not recommend the construction of levees, but thinks those already made should be utilized and the gaps closed. The special committee to audit the bills connected with President Garfield's death recommend $25,000 for Dr. Bliss, $15, O0O each for Drs. Agnew and Hamilton, $15, 000 each for Drs. Iteyburn and Boynton, $5, 000 for Mrs. Edson, and $3,000 for Steward Crump. "Watmough -and Stevenson, whose nominations for Paymastor-General and Pay-Director in the Navy were reported ad versely by the Senate Naval Committee, are "bringing to bear strong special and personal Influence upon Senators for the purpose of reversing the committee's recommendation. The State of Pennsylvania claims Trom the Standard Oil Company no less than $3,145,000 for taxes, interest, and penalties, and suit has been instituted at Harrisburg. The company's counsel admits that its divi dends for seven years were over $10,000,000, and that its assets aggregate $30,000,000. The question is whether the State has power to tax the entire capital stock of an inter state corporation. The committee endeavoring to re lieve sufferers by the fire at Haverhill, Mass., have issued an address in which they say: The emergency is imperative. Hundreds of our fellow-citizens are out of work, with no means of subsistence, and many have no tools with which to resume labor when op portunity shall offer. We therefore make an earnest appeal for contributions to aid us in the work of disbursement among the worthy applicants who are crowding upon us for relief. Any sum, large or small, sent to John L. Hobson, treasurer, or to any member of the executive committee, will be gratefully received and promptly acknowl edged." Garfield memorial services were held in Central Music Hall, Chicago, on the 27th. The hall was appropriately trimmed with flowers and draped flags, and immedi ately back of the platform was a large por trait of the late President. Among the floral decorations was a wreath sent by Queen Victoria and the emblem from the Empress of Brazil. The meeting was pre sided over by Gen. James B. Leke, United States District Attorney. Mr. E. A. Storrs eulogized Garfield's eventful and wonderful life, and told how he advanced step by step by sheer force of his intellect, reinforced by his spotless conscience, from an humble rank in life to the loftiest summit of honor and achievement. Speaking of him as a politician, Mr. Storrs said he used the party not as an end, but as a means to an end. He was never owned or controlled by a machine but was too practical a statesman not to know that in church and state an Intelligently controlled machine is indispen sable to success. "He perished," said the orator, in conclusion, "with the conflicts of temporary excrements raging around him, involving more of persons than of princi ples. The whole world loved him because he loved the whole world." The nomination of ex-Senator Conk ling, of New York, to fill the vacancy on the Supreme Court bench caused by the retire ment of Mr. Justice Hunt created quite a etir in Washington. When it was also learned that ex-Senator Sargent had been selected for the vacant mission at Berlin in stead of, as bad been generally believed, the portfolio of the Interior Department, the as tonishment and comment was increased. Although the Senate held an executive ses sion, when it adjourned the names were not found in the list of confirmations, and con siderable disappointment was manifested by the throng waiting patiently in the corridors to obtain first tidings of such action, for it has been the custom hitherto to confirm an ex-member of the Senate without question. It was rumored that objection had been raised to the present consideration of the new candidates, and straightway an effort vas male to find out from whom the objection had emanated. The subject was discussed in all its bearings in the hotel lobbies and other places of public resort, but speculation grew wilder the more it. was dis cussed. It fs doubt "ill if any event has caused more talk since Mr. Conkling's re tirement from the Senate. Reports were current that Senator Hoar made a bitter assault upon Mr. Coukling in executive ses sion. He reviewed his political career and charged that he was not a fit man for the j place on the Supreme Bench. lnisattacK was most vigorous, and was a complete sur prise to his fellow Senators. PERSONAL AND GENERAL. James Joyce, aged 65 years, was fa tally shot by Geo. W. Blust, aged 30, at the latter's home on the Corydon turnpike, near New Albany, Ind., the other day. J. W. Curtis, private secretary to General Manager Finney, of the Wisconsin rvntral Railway, Milwaukee, committed sui cide by shooting, Feb. 25th. The loss of a child is supposed to have caused the act. William Leet, age 12, was cut in two by a coil of wire in a needle factory at Newark, N. J., Feb. 25th. Masked vandals attempted to destroy the press and material iu the Independent ofhee, Wahoo, Saunders County, Neb., on the 20th. One of the publishers and a son of the editor objected, but were overpow ered and disarmed. The intruders, fearing discovery, then retired. The outrage is said to have grown out of a local political quarrel. A new five-story brick building on Second street, St. Louis, Mo., occupied by the grocery house of Krafft, nolmes & Co., suddenly fell in, the other morning, buryin goods valued :it 70,000. A snow-slide in Bis: Cottonwood Canyon, Usah, buried a woodchopper and his wife and five children. The bodies were recovered, lying naturally in bed. Losses by the recent fire in Conway, Ark., are estimated at $100,000. A Belgian just arrived at Castle Garden, New York City, has a pair of horns an inch long protruding from his forehead. A San Francisco police court was electrified the other morning by Officer Ma roney, who deliberately walked up to i awyer, D. B. Murphy, and shot him in the neck, inflicting a dangerous wound. The shooting was the result of grossly insulting language used by Murphy against Maroney in a case which ha3 been on trial for several weeks. On bein shot Murphy rose in his chair, swayed to and fro, and with blood gushing from a gaping gash in the neck, ex claimed: "The curse of God be upon you. You have murdered me for defending a man whom I know to be innocent." Judge Torrence, a distinguished lawyer of Montreal, has decided that a New York divorce is legal in Canada. An immense audience witnessed the opening of the pedestrian contest in Gil more's Garden, New York City. The wholesale dry-goods house of Menken Brothers, at Memphis, Tenn., has made an assignment to cover liabilities of $500,000. The exports of breadstuffs from the United States for the month of January last amounted in value to $11,928,992, against $14,929,400 in 1881. Mrs. Vicker, of Scott County, Va., and three children were recently thrown in to a swollen stream by the stumbling of a horse. John Tugate not only stood on the bank apathetically watching the desperate struggles of the woman and her little ones to save themselves, but prevented two other males from rendering the slightest assist ancc. The cries of the woman finally reached the ears of a man at work in a field near by, who arrived in time to save her and two children. The infant had been swept down the stream and drowned before the man could plunge in and save it. The ex planation of Tugate's heartless conduct is that her husband, a few years ago, mur dered his brother. Jennie Westbrook, a young woman recently arrested in New York City for masquerading in male habiliments, his been sent to Ward's Island. Her cae, however, has awakened deep interest, since it only seems to be due to an effort to escape from that bondage which social laws have subjected the sex. Her excuse was that she could make $20 a week in her disguise, while as a "saleslady" in a fashionable store the pay would be only one -third of that amount. The Union Oil and Soap Company, Cincinnati, O., lost $100,000 by fire the other day. A firem;in was seriously injured by falling from a ladder. FORTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS. Thk bill placing Gen. Grant on the re tired list, -with an amendment by Mr. Sher man making the retirement additional to tlic number already authorized by law, passed the Senate on the -:d. by a vte 33 to 17, all the Uenublioans voting for it, with Itrown of tioornia, Davis ot Illinois, Jones of Florida, and Kansotii ot onn i.arouna. xno remain-in- Deinorrat-s voted a rainst it. Mr. l.oan reported from the Military Committee a join resolution introduced early in the day bv Mr. Georsre for the reiief of destitute "persons in districts flooded by the Mississippi and its tributaries. A substitute authorizing tlie ex penditure of SlOO.UtKi by the Setretarv' of War, in co-operation with fc-tate authorities, was Dromntiv adopted The House resumed consideration of Mr. Holman's amendment to the l'ost-ofllce appropriation bill, providing that whenever any contractor snail suniet ms contract for the transportation of mail on any route for less than he contracted to perform th service, the l'ostinaster-General may aeciare inc oris'iiiii coiiiruui. hi im irau, and enter into agreement with the sub-con tractor, wi'taout advertising, to perform the service on the terms at which he has agreed with the or ginjtl contractor to perform the same. Mr. Atkins ottered an amendment, providing the sub -contractor shall enter good and sufficient bond, and that the orig inal contractor shall not be released from his contract until bond has been made by the subcontractor. The amendment, thus amended, was agreed to VJ to S3. The $100,000 relief measure passed without question. A resolution by Mr. Davis, of West Virginia, requesting the Committee on Mili tary Affairs to inquire into the expediency of giving more aid than is now provided to the various spates ana Territories in oruer to promote and encourage the or ganization of the militia foices of the country and stren.srthen their efficiency, was adopted on the 24th. Mr. Van Wyck urged investigation of alleged frauds in the township survey system, lie said surveyors Keneral and other Government oiliciuls had combined to make surveys of worthlesslands, and then to use the scrip they would get in return for deposits for surveys to purchase the most valuable Government lauds ot the West. Deposits amounted lust year to about ?-J,000,000, but mo-t of lhe survevs were value less to the Government because ot the wor. h- l-vsness of the lands surveyed. Referred to Committee on Public Lands. The immediate deficiency appropriaii n bill was further amended" and pa-sed without opposit on. After executive session the Senate adj-turned until the 27tii In the House, Mr. Uclmont Offered a reso ution directing the Committee on Foreign Affairs to inqui-e into the abstrac tion trom the tiles of the State Department of certain letters and documents referred to in the letter of the Secretary of sta?e, Fi biuary 17. Mr. Kasson offered as a substitute this following: IFItrrea, It is alleged, in connection with the Chili-Peruvian correspondence recently and officially published on call of the two houses ot t'onaVe-s. that one or more Ministers Plen ipotentiary of th" Fnited states we e either persomillinterested or improperly connected with a busiiies.traiis:ief.on in which the -n'er-venrion of this Government was reque-ited or expected; and whereas, it is alleged that cer tain papers in relation to the same subject have been improperly 1-st or removed from the flies of the State Department ; therefore, be it Tle-it'dttd, That the Committee on Foreign Affairs be instructed to inquire into said allegation- and ascertain the lactsrelatin i there to and report the. same, with such recom iiiendHt ions us may be deemed P' pr. Mr. relm:nt accepted the substi u'e, and it was adopted without object! n. Some private bills were passed and the House adjourred for one Uav. Ix the IIoue of Representatives, F!. 25th, Mr. Reed, from the Committee on Rules, reported a resolution tor a select committee of nine to consider all questions relating to woman's rights. Adopted US to 85; nearly a party vote. Mr. Page moved to amend the i'Oit-ollice appropriation bill by striking from the clause appropriating $500,uu0 for necessary and special facilities on trunk Hues the words " on .trunk lines," so as to leave it in the discretion of the Postmaster-General to secure special facilities on any mail lines. Mr. liiand objected to the appropriation, characterizing it as a corrup tion fund, contending that the money now friven to Vanderbilt and Jav Gould should be used in the extending of the star route Service. Mr. Atkins said Mr. James reformed and cut down the mail service or. small star routes, but increased the pay to a railroad company $70,000 for the transfer of one car from one train to another. He hud enabled one com pany to realize an extra profit of 7o,K)0, and it was hinted that the man who held the ma jority of thestckof that company had started a national bank, and l'ostuiast TGeu'l James was to be the President, with a large salary. Was there any connection bet wi -en these facts? The debate closed, and Mr. Page's amend ment was rejected without division. The amendment authorizing the Postmaster-General, in case of the sub-let ting of a mail con tract on star routes, to declare the oriirinal contract forfeited and to enter into contract with the sub-contractor, was agreed to yeas, 112 ; nays, 'X The bill then passed. LATE NEWS ITE3IS. Mr. Miller, of California, spoke on the Chinese immigration bill to carry into effect the treaty by suspending the coming of Chinese laborers for twenty years, after sixty days succeeding the passage of the act, in the Senate, Feb. 28. Mn. Ntvv, Assistant Secretaryof tlie Treasury, entered upon the discharge of his duties on the 23th. James Ii. Manthrope was arraigned in a New York police court the other day for appropriating $3,000 belonging to a per son for whom he had sold Peruvian bonds. He said bis arrest grew out of a conspiracy to prevent his giving evidence against tb,e manipulators of the Peruvian scheme. A boy named Jame3 Brett was seri ously injured by an explosion of gas in tbe Union Building, Chicago, Feb. 27th. James lit a match in a vault where gas had been escaping for some time. The building was badly damaged; heavy plate-glass wiudows Were blown into fragmeuts, doors were de molished, and much plaster-work was powdered. A little son of John Phillips, living near Shelbyville, Ky., pulled a kettle of boil ing water from the stove, a few days ago, and was fatally scalded. Thomas Hoffman and Joseph Wat son, employed at the Eckert. ore mine. Heading, Pa., were recently killed by au explosion of fire-damp. Emmet Brown, a young man em ployed in Hanson & Scove's sawmill, Man itowoc, Wis., met a horrible fate the other day. Attempting to put a belt on while the machinery was in motion, he was caught by a pulley and carried around at a frightful speed, each revolution bringing his head in contact with the floor. His head was literally battered to pieces before the machinery could be stopped. Wm. Hawley, aged 13, was acci dentally shot and killed by Tim McAuliff, near Maysville, Ky., on the night of ihe 27th. The Hawley family had become alarmed at some one trying to force an en trance into their dwelling, and had sent the boy for assistance to McAuliff. In taking up his gun to go with him it .was accident ally discharged. A freight car loaded with brick was ditched near Joiiet, 111., Feb, 27fh. Ten tramps were secreted in the van at the time. Two were killed outright and the others were badly injured. The names of the unfortunates are unknown. The dry goods house of E. Malley, New Haven, Conn., burned on the 28;h. The loss on building and stock is estimated at $100,000. Tf.n Nihilist prisoners, including one woman, have been sentenced to death at St. Petersburg. The remainder were sen tenced to various terms of servi"ule. THE GARFIELD CEREMONIES. TnE galleries of the House of Representa tives were filled to the utmost capacity at an early hour on the morning of the 27th, a ma jority of the spectators being ladies. Before 10 o'clock admission to the Capitol was refused to all save members of the two Houses of Con gress aud their employees, but at that hour the doors were thrown open to persons hold ing tickets to the memorial services of the late James A. Garfield. There were no signs of mourning in the hall. A full length por trait of the late President was hung just back of the chairs of tho presiding oflicer, being it self nndraped. In the lobby back of tho Speaker's desk the Marin-j Band was sta tioned, and at intervals until noon discoursed solemn music. Among the distinguished guests were Judge Bancroft, Cyrus W. Field, Admiral Worden, Gen. Schcnck, Governors Iloyt of Pennsylvania, Foster of Ohio, Ham ilton of Maryland, and Bigelow of Connecti cut. At 11:30 Gens. Sherman, Sheridan, Han cock, Howard and Meigs and Admirals Am men, Rogers and Kodgers entered and were assigned seats to the left of the Speaker's desk, and a few moments later mem bers of the diplomatic corps, in full rescalia, were ushered in. headed by tbe Hawaiian Minister as Dean of the corps. Their brilliant costumes only served to throw into stronger relief the dark att;re of tho members of Congress who sat imme diately behind them. The Supreme Court of the District, headed by Marshall Henry, were the next arrivals. Dr. Bliss was also in attendance. Mrs- Blaine occupied a front Beat in the gallery reserv ed for friends of ttie President. At precisely 12 o'clock the House was called to order by Speaker Keifer and prayer was offered by the Chap lain. The Speaker then said: ' This day ha been dedicated by the ac tion of the two Houses of Congress to services in commemoration of the liie and death of James Abram Garfleid.late President of the United States. This House is now as. sembled and ready to perform its part." The resolutions setting apart the day for the services were then read by Clerk McPherson. At 12:10 the Senators entered and took their assigned feats. They were followed by the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, and the President of the Unit ed States and bis Cabinet. The President took a front seat on the right of the presidium officer's chair. At 12:30 the orator of day! James G. Blaine, was introduced by President uavis. Mr. u.auie took position at the Clerk's desk. Immediately m front of the two presid ios: officers, and proceeded to deliver an im pressive address, rending from manuscript. His von-e was firm and A unniu tinctly heard in all parts of the chamber. He naieiicu iu witn me most profound at tention from betrinnin to end. When Mr Bla ne reached that noriion ,.i hi.. i which he alluded totlw causes which h d to the shotting of Garneld.tlirre was a visile strain ing to catch the full import of his words. The Intensity ot fueling iu too entire audience was unconsciously illustrated in the Ion breath ot reliet Unit swent over i. i. ,.,.. sea when he turned from the subject to treat of the religion char tcter of the illus trious deceased. When the final sentence was spoken, and the orator sat down, round aiter round of applause br.ike forth. With the departure of invited sruests and the ms sace of resolutions of tlimUj ts ui.;.--.. tho House adjourned. "w MISS0U11I STATE NEWS. Vice-President Duff, of the Hannibal & St. Joe Railroad, says Judge Miller's re cent decision in the suit of the road vs. the State of Missouri contains as much that is favorable to the company as unfavorable, and leaves the amount in controversy be tween the State and company a compara tively small one. He says the situation is as follows: "The State has issued 53,000, 000 of 6-per-cent bonds in aid of the road. The road has paid the State $3,000,000. The road claims that the use of $3,000,000 by the Slate offsets the payment of interest of the State's bonds. The State claims it offsets only to the extent of interest actually earned on the ?3,000,OJO. The question then be comes merely one of difference of interest. The State has a large amount of C-per-cent 5-20 bonds outstanding now subject to call, or liable to be called within a very short period. The Legislature passed a law last winter for the purpose of appropriating this $3,000,000. That law required the Stale offi cers to apply it in redeeming these 5-20 bonds. The $3,000,000 can thus be used, the greater part of it immediately, and the remainder of it within a very short time, in extinguishing tbe 6-per-cent indebtedness of the State. I suppose the State officers will now, of course, comply with their own law, and that in the meantime there will be no claim against the railroad company, ex cept for the difference of interest." The Tobacco Manufacturers' Associa tion of St. Louis have received a communi cation from the Signal Service headquarters at Washington, D. C, concerning frost warnings which have proved of advantage to Louisiana sugar-planters and may be valuable to tobacco-growers in this State. Gen. Ilazen says: "Warnings could be sent about two days in advance of killing frosts, and if promptly circulated, would prevent loss to planters by enabling them to secure, at least, a portion of the crop. You are re spectfully requested to consider this sub ject, and to inform me if such action on the part of the service would be beneficial to the tobacco interest of your section, and the length of time which should be covered each year by such forcasts. I have fully recog nized the practical importance of this and similar work for the benefit of the agricul tural interests of the country, but I have not been provided with sufficient force to carry out my views. I anticipate favorable action by Congress during the present ses sion to increase the efficiency of the Signal Corps, and a much greater extension of the usefulness of this service to all interests af fected by the weather conditions of the country may be expected." Governor Crittenden has granted a full pardon to Frank A. Spencer, convicted at the September term, 1S79, of the Pulaski Circuit Court, of murder in the second de gree, for killing his step-father, Edward Galloway, and sentenced to thirty years in the Penitentiary. The facts laid before the Governor show that Galloway drank heavily, and that his treatment of young Spencer and his mother and sister was extremely cruel and brutal, and that the young man committed the crime in their defense. There is also a doubt as to whether the young man was 16 years of age at the time the killing was done. Nine of the jurors before whom he was tried sign the petiton for his pardon, the other three having removed from the State. Samuel L. Yourtee & Co., dealers in carriages at Kansas City, have filed a suit for dumages against S. L. North. In their petition the plaintiffs state that they enjoyed a high financial reputation in the business centers of the United States, and that on the 29th day of November, 18S1, North wrongfully and without probable cause had an attachment issued against them. Also that the Sheriff levied upon carriages, bug gies and other property to the value of $20,- 000 to satisfy the writ. The plaintiffs claim that they were greatly injured in their business by reason of the attachment, that their customers were scattered and their credit injured. For this they ask damages in the sum of $10,000. The smoked title cases have been re opened in the Circuit Court at St. Joseph Tlvse cases involve the right to a large tract of land in the center of the city, which is pur ported to have been conveyed away from the rightful heirs by fraudulent and forged deeds. Judge Laughlin, of St. Louis, granted a motion for a special venire from the coun ty for jurors in the case of John D. Shea, un der indictment for the murder of Officer Doran, and whose petition for a change of venue on the ground of alleged prejudice was but recently denied in the Circuit Court by Judge Lindley, who gave it as his opinion that there would be no difficulty in obtain ing a jury in the City of St. Louis who would give Shea a perfectly fair trial. The Cooper County Court has again made an order submitting to the people by ballot the question of a compromise of the straight Cooper County Tebo & Neosho Rail road bonds. This proposition is to refund 85 per cent, of principal and accrued inter est, the bonds to bear 6 per cent. The day of election is set for Tuesday, March 21 proximo. A swindler is abroad who is receiving $5 a head from people who have been in slavery. He claims to be a Government agent employed to pension ex-sl3ves. In Holt County he succeeded in victimizing quite a number. A tramp recently visited the residence of Mr. Peper, Lamonte, Pettis County, and finding no one about except Mrs. Peper and her little boy, demanded all the valuables in the house, presenting a cocked revolver. Mrs. Peper disarmed the fellow and forced him to retire. M. I. Couch, proprietor of an exten sive stable in St. Joseph, became involved beyond his d pth, and has fled with his fam ily, after executing several bills of sale. Mr. S. Greenabaum, of Trenton, re cently shipped 60,000 pounds of hides, mak ing two car loads, the largest shipment ever made at one time from that place. Scarlet fever in southeastern counties. The failure of Benedict, Malone Co., wholesale grocers of Kansas City, who made an assignment to Charles Stewarti grew out of the Macon Bank failure, in which institution James Malone was a heavy j stockholder. The firm assert thev will nav I dollar for dollar, and Mr. Benedict says he j will reorganize and resume. Jonathan P. Horton, who died recent ly in Alton, Oregon County, was born Feb ruary 1, 1793. He was a soldier in the war of 1812. He enlisted under Cspt. John Fol- i let in 1810, and received an honorable dis charge at the close of the war, in 1814. A man in Mississippi County recently killed 113 muskrats in one dav- Republican Harmony. The Whitelaw Reid correspondence recently published seems to have played navoc with the sweet disposition oi the grand old party of morals and harmony, The statement in the World is not denied that the notorious corumunica tion from Whitelaw lleid to the late President Gar Geld, rivinr eccentric ant extraordinary counsel, was furnished for publication by one of the closest friends and a member of the official family of Air. Garfield. Ihe gentlem who jrave out the Reid dispat for piiblieation has personal cause for wrath against James G. BJaine. lie is a representative of a large number of the friends of the deceasetl President who are determined that Mr. Blaine shall not make himself the heir to the popularity of Garfield or seize his politi cal estate or administer upon it. It is also true that the tone of the American foreign policy of the United States has been changed because the bold, vigor ous American purpose which generally gervaded the State papers of Mr. laine was making, it was feared, the name of the ex-Secretary too strong in the popular talk ot the hour, ami was putting up the Blaine stock in the political market. idaine early con fronts the hostility of the Administration on the one hand and of friends of Gar field on the other. In several respects the Administration is enlarging its bor ders and strengthening its stakes. It proposes to have an organ at the Na tional capital in absolutely friendly hands. The controversy between the Stalwarts and Half-breeds is smolder ing but not suppressed. The President has been so apprehensive of the influ ence of the radical Stalwarts, as being interpreted to exclude himself, his tliniio-hts nnrl rnlirv. tlmf. it. is lindor. stoocF his whilom chum, George Bliss, has bought the National Republican, which was at the same time an Arthur and a Star-route organ. The influence of this paper in the community of Wash ington to deaden local public opinion upon the mail transactions of Hayes Administration was felt to be fatal to the pending prosecutions. Hence Jhe rumor of its purchase by Bliss causes more than one sad heart to cease to ache. It seems further to show that Administrations are prone to fall back on the old style of organ of the days of Gales and beaton and Blair and Kives Mr. Gorham has been too hot an editor for the Attorney -General's Department to counteract. Persons aflecting to speak the secrets of the White House say the President is decidedly averse to seeing Governor Cornell get a sec ond term, while Cornell will be satisfied with nothing else and is too much of a quantity in the country districts to be opposed without serious consequences, while his well known hostility to Mr. Arthur would make him, with the large patronage of the Governor's office in lboi, a probable competitor tor the I'res sidency and a rallying center for the Half-breeds. Mr. Arthur is said to pre fer Mr. Starin He is equally displeased with Mr. Tom Piatt, and recently, it is charged, sent him bootless home from an errand at the White House. Col lector Robertson has made a quasi peace with the President. His prime favorite is Mr. Crowley. And so while Blaine is perspiring between the flames kindled on the one hand by potential friends of uarneld, and the Administration fur nace already glowing for his discomfort on the other, the Administration buys an organ to conduct the contest against an ex-Secretary of State, against the Gov ernor of the President's State and against a Garfield wing of his party. Blaine has two great lights on his hands within his party. The President lias on his hands the light with Blaine and that with the Half-breeds, and the fight with Governor Cornell is to be added to these. The Half-breeds have the light with the Ad ministration, and a Lijhre portion of them have begun a figfft with Blaine. The party has three quarrels to bear and there is uneasiness in the camp. Hart ford Times. The Existing Civil-Service System. When President Garfield was shot the universal opinion was that the spoils Sstem furnished the motive which prompted the assassin Guitcau. The assassin has been tried and convicted, and in a short time will undoubtedly forfeit his life as a penalty for the crime. But the spoils system, demoralizing, pernicious and blighting, thrives as lux uriantly as it did when Guiteau leveled his pistol at the Nation's Executive, and the strife for spoils is as heated and un seemly as it then was. Congress assem bled but a few weeks after the conspic uous victim of the system was consigned to his tomb amid the lamentations of the count ry. The tragedy, its cause and the actors were known to each member. Were there any possibility that the recollection of the terrible event would so soon fade from the minds of the Senators and Representatives, they have had constant reminders every day since the session opened in the proceedings which have taken place in a court-room but a short distance from the Capitol where they assemble. Still, from the general apathy which i3 manifested, it would seem that members of Congress think the shooting of a President of too small moment to give them concern for the reform of a system which has raised up an army of spoilsmen, unloosed political freebooters without number upon the country, made Senators and Representatives chiefs of factions who engage in predatory raids upon the public, Treasury, and, as a finishing stroke, has presented an assassin as one of its natural products. There are, undoubtedly, difficulties in the way of effecting a reform of the Civil Service by legislation, but if Con gress should be governed by a rjile not to undertake any work to which there are obstacles, it would abdicate some of its most important functions and ac knowledge itself to be an almost super fluous branch of the Government. The fact that there are difficulties ought to be an incentive to the members of Con gress to address themselves the more speedily and more earnestly to the question. There is no doubt that Con gress could do a great deal to place the Civil Service upon a footing at once more permanent and more honorable; and if it could not bind the President by law in the matter of appointments, it could establish rules so 'salutary that he would not feel at liberty to disregard thein, or if he did would be condemned by public opinion. Except during the pendency of politi cal campaigns, the office-holder under the present spoils system may have his whole time for the performance of his duties to the Government. But during political campaigns, which on the whole occupy fully one-fourth of the time of the politicians, and obtain a considerable share of popular attention for about the same period, the office-holder must act upon the knowledge that he is the serv ant of the party in power as well of the public, and attest his allegiance to the former in every way that may be re quired of him." And this is but the be ginning of his humiliation.. Dependent upon a "boss" for his place, he must cam- himself as a personal hireling, and "bend all his energies to the further ance of the schemes of Ids political owner. If his superiors in ofilce have axes to grind if they fancy they merit promotion he must turn the crank for them, or risk their displeasure and his own removal. In short, office-holding, under the spoils system, is dependent largely upon intrigue and combination, and plot and counter-plot play a con spicuous part. The result is that the Government is neither as well nor as economically served as it ought to be. Members of Congress are perfectly cognizant of all the evils of the spoils system. Some of them pretend to have a great desire for a change, but with remaikably few honorable exceptions, the conduct of Senators and Repre sentatives sliow that their professions are hypocritical, and that at heart they desire no reform or change in the .Civil Service system.' Detroit Free Press. A Supposititious Congratulatory Letter. The following congratulatory supposi titious communication from Schuyler Colfax to James F. Wilson, recently, elected United States Senator from Iowa, appears in the iV. V. Bun of a recent date. Mv Dear "Wilcox : I have wat ched with the deepest interest the proceedings of the Iowa Legislature, and beg leave to offer my most sincere congratulations upon your election to the Senate. I am often called upon to till posi tions of great responsibility iu our little com munity, aud so general is the appreciation of my repuguanc to pecuniary considerations that my townsmen never pay anything for my serv ices. In fact, 1 invariably volunteer them. Here in the State which has honored me so much I am understood, and the value of my abilities is recognized. Some time the party, the country, will also understand me. In a spirit of patience, of Christian forbearance and meekness, 1 bide the time when a returning sense of justice shall have assured my tri umphant vindication, when I shall burst forth from the darkness of my temporary retirement like the sun, smiling brightly through dark clouds. To you, mv dear Wilson, time has brought ample reparation. I am encouraged as I think of your success. Your position in 1873 was, I am glad to remember, substantially the same as mine. We were both of us victims of that designing Ames. We got our stock in the same way. We vindicated ourselves in the same way. We botli sought in the bosom of our States a shelter from tlie attacks of an inconsiderate press. M;iy I not Lope that I, too, shall return to pubiic life J I am always glad to hear of the success of the old Credit Mobilier crowd. My heart goes out to them warmly. And, take it all in all, they have been pretty lucky, with the excep tion of my unfortunate sell. I don't see anv immediate nrosnect of re turning to the House or Senate. Indeed, I am not identilied to any extent with the secu lar politics of Indiana. 1 depend on vou to do something for me. I am not involved ia any of the unhappy quarrels' which have so in jured the party, and I can't be objectionable to anyooay. tan iyou get me a uipiomatic post of some kind? I have always thought that, with my tact, blandness and way of looking innocent when I am cornered, I should shine as a diplomatist. The way things lxk now I should prefer the Peruvian or the Chil ian mission. Can't you get me Hurlbut's place? I stand well with the farmers hero, aud they would like to see the guano question treated in a statesmanlike manner. There is always a chance in Peru of getting mining claims, claims against the Government, etc I am a poor man. Mention my name to Arthur, and show him how much his recognition of me would tend to reunite the party. If you can't, get me Peru, get me Chili, or even" Venezuela. Orth could give me some points by which I might make a little something in the latter country. I won't take a Consulship if there is auy chance of auything better. By the way, do any of the railroads for which you are" working giveaway stock to pub lic men ! Perhaps yoii could do something for me in that way. Or don't railroads do busi ness in the way they did in '0J Remember me to Blair, of New Hampshire, who, I am glad to see, is following in the foot steps of his predecessor, my dear frieud Prof. Patterson. God bless vou in vour new career. Don't forget about the guano. Yours affectionate ly. S. C. To the lion, james x . wiisos. How does it happen that the same Legisla ture which elected you is oppo-cd to free passes? I suppose they act in the interest of the railroads, but it is a bad precedent. Don't forget about Peru. S. C. That "Model" Administration. The model Administration of Hayes, concerning which so much has been said, does not seem to stand investigation as well as a "model" should. Reference has already been made in the Free Press to the maladministration disclosed in the Star-route frauds and other swindles of a similar nature; but recent develop ments surpass even those gigantic rob beries in the amount of odium thrown upon the Hayes Administration. Ihe chief glory of that Administration next to the total or nearly total ab stinence at the White House, was the Cabinet; and it is this glory which is now being shorn of its gloriousness. It looks as though in addition to the ex posure of the tricky Sherman as a fraud, the fame of the "bright particular star" in the Cabinet would be taken away as secured on false pretenses. It is not quite easy to be reconciled all at once to the theory that the amiable, piano-playing doctrinaire of the Interior Depart ment was a jobber, or the tool of job bers; but his course in relation to the Northern Pacific land grants can hardly be explained upon any other theory even upon that of guileless innocence or absolute ignorance. It is not to be wondered at. nerhaDs. that an Administration which was founded on fraud of the most colossal description should have been, in so many essential particulars, fraudulent. But it is to be wondered at, with all these facts coming to light, that men still speak of Haves' Administration as a model of purity Exchange. " Poor man" pvrdfiimnd tho flnnA Samaritan, feelinc for his-loose chnno-n and depositing a quarter in tlie tramp's cxujuueu paim; now my heart bleeds for you. You will go and get something to eat now?" " Not immediately," an swered the grateful wanderer; "I stole a bottle of whiskv this nirriiinv nnil fVo been begging all day to try and get MinnfM' (mllfffl r Klin O noul- c r. vwt Brooklyn Eaqlc.