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IKOM COUUTY ESGISTEX. IEONTON. If ISSOUKL .
ISM BEFEW Ddping tb Heat and Ililk Supply (Bptrtal Information Scnrtc. Vniud HUta Department of Aarlcultur ) Ex-Cunner and Chief Petty OC3cer,U.r5. If try Member of the Foreign Legion of France Certain Gun Turret. French Battleship Cassard Winner of the Croix da Guerre WILD RABBITS FOR MEAT AND FUR. ALBERT N. DEPEW By (I 'WypiHHIIIHIIIMHimttmiKmMK FOREWORD. "Gunner Depew" it not a of ration, but it tsU thrilling than any fie- tan you ever read. It it the story of the expert- of an American boy had a fiahtino career lat is unique in the annals f ttie great war. It is a story crowded with fighting and adventure big with Soman courage and endur ance. It is the first war nar rative that tells the true story of conditions in the German prison camps. It & a story that every Ameri can should and will read to the end. CHAPTER I. In the American Navy. ""Is lather was a seaman, so, nat 'VWUF. all my Of e I beard a great deal lOmaafc Ups and the sea. Even when 2 wwa a little toy, la Walston, Pa I atrwkt about them a whole lot and wnotefct to be a sailor especially a aoaSir im the XT. S. navy. To adght say I was brought up on e! water. Whom I was twlve years old I went tt mem as cabin boy on the whaler ffSorttas. out of Boston. She was an -sat samare-rlgged sailing ship, built fer work than for speed. We oat four months on my first irvvfis, and got knocked aronnd a lot, e5jweQy tn a storm on the Newfound San Banks, where wo lost our lnstru ei and bad a bard time navigat- 3nc3 ship. Whaling crews work on rtww and during the two years I was s tfte Therlfus my shares amounted S flaorteen hundred dollars. TUrb shipped as first-class helms mum a the British tramp Southern- mil. a twin-screw steamer out of JUrwpool. Many people are surprised flSa fourteen-year-old boy should be 4MSauwtaa on an ocean-going craft, lat ofl ever the world yon will see Tmx tads doing their trick at the I was on the Soutberndown tan years and In that time visited m f the Important ports of Eu- There is nothing like a tramp If you want to see the world, IWei Seataerndown Is the vessel that, 3w tfw Call of 1917, sighted a German aafkht rigged up like a sailing ship. JMswugh I liked visiting the foreign ; iWrta. I got tired of the Southerndown aMr a while and at the end of a voy- fftwicb landed me in New York I Jkmided to get into the United States imwj. After laying around for a week - a taw I enlisted and was assigned to dnay as a second-class fireman. Xfenple have said they thought I was CSMfftr small to be a fireman; they the idea that firemen must be big r vmm. Well, I am 5 feet 1 inches In I ;' and when I was sixteen I was last as tall as I am now and weighed pounds. I was a whole lot husk' "&w iftca, too, for that was before my Iwwmlurtion to kultur in German prls- m eswps, and life there Is not exactly KaCRnwe not exactly. I do not know wjjr it la, but If you will notice the mat; Bremen the lads with the red .-siMfjiea around their left shoulders .'; will find that almost all of them - snail men. But they are a husky 3tw. in the navy, they always haze owsweomer until be shows that he mm take care of himself, and I got mam very soon after I went Into Un Kr Sam's service. I was washing my ttvtikm In a bucket on the forecastle amd every garby (sailor) who along woutd give me or the a kick, and spill one or the i of us. Each time I would move a smne other place, but I always ataH to be in somebody's war. PI " msAy I aaw a marine coming. I was mmrnmacc near him, but he hauled out ' aar course to come np to me and www the bucket a boot that sent it wkry feet away, at the same time &wng me a clout on the ear that float dbu knocked me down. Now, " t exactly know what a marine wwjl, and this fellow bad so many ' Wbs on his sleeve tnat I thought s mmut be some sort of officer, so I aast stood by. There waa a gold atrlpe l famralssioned officer) on the bridge f now that It anything was wieoi lie would cot In, so I kept look ssr op at Mm, but he stayed where he "wnay looking ou. and never saying a waaal. And all tho time tho marine Have tammlng me about and telling get tho hell out of there, ainally I aald to myself, "Til get i any ii u s tno DNff for a month " Sat I planted blm one in tho kidneys f aaothcr in the month, and he went J against tho rail. But ho 7 t' at mo strong, and we von " ant for tome time. 1 v -Bert when it waa over tba gold atrlpe 8fiiiitntfriHIH;f mn came down from the bridge and hook bandawtthmel After this they did not haze bo much. This was the beginning of ft certain reputation that 1 bad in the navy for fist-work. Later on, I bad a reputation for swimming, too. That first day they began calling me "Chink." though I don't know why. and it baa been my nickname In the navy ever since. It la a curious thing, and I never could understand It, but garbles and marines never mix. The marines are good men and great fighters, aboard and ashore, but we garbles never have a word for them, nor they for us. On shore leave abroad we pal up with foreign garbles, even, but hardly ever with a marine. Of course they are with us strong In case we nave a scrap with a liberty party off some foreign ship they cannot keep out of a fight any more than we can but after It Is over they are on their way at once and we on ours. There are lots of things like that In the navy that you cannot figure out the reason for, and I think it la be cause sailors change their -ways so little. They do a great many things in the navy because the navy always has done them. I kept strictly on the Job as a fire man, but I wanted to get Into the gun turrets. It was slow work for a long time. I had to serve as second-class fireman for four mouths, first-class for eight months and in the engine room as water-tender for a year. Then, after serving on the U. S. S. Des Moines as a gun-loader, I was transferred to the Iowa and finally worked up to a gun-pointer. After a time I got my 0. P. O. rating chief petty officer, first-class gunner. The various navies differ in many ways, but most of the differences would not be noticed by any one but a sailor. Every sailor has a great deal of respect for the Swedes and Nor wegians and Danes; they are born sailors and are very daring, but, of course, their navies are small. The Germans were always known as clean Gunner Depew. sailors; that Is, as in our navy and the British, their vessels were ship shape all the time, and were run as sweet as a clock. There Is no use comparing the varl ous navies as to which is best; some are better at one thing and some at another. The British navy, of course, is the largest, and nobody will deny that at most things they are topnotch least of all themselves; they admit It But there is one place where the navy of the United States has it all over every other navy on the seven seas, and that Is gunnery. The Amer ican navy has the best gunners in the world. And do not let anybody tell you different CHAPTER II. The War Breaks. After serving four years and three months In the U. S. navy, I received an honorable discharge on April 14, 1014. I held the rank of chief petty officer, first-class gunner. It is not uncommon for garbles to lie around a while between enlistments they like a vacation as much as anyone and It was my intention to loaf for a few months before joining the navy again. After the war started, of course, I had heard more or less about the Ger man atrocities In Belgium, and while I was greatly Interested. I was doubt ful at first as to the truth of tho re ports, for I knew how news gets changed In passing from mouth to mouth, and I never was much of a hand to believe things until I saw them, anyway. Another thing that caused me to be Interested In the war was the fact that my mother was born In Alsace. Her maiden name. Dier vieux, la wen known In Alsace. I had often visited my .grandmother In 8t Nasalre, Franco, and knew tut coun try. 8o with France at war, it was not strange that I should bo even more interested than many other garbles. -. . .. As I have said, I did not take much stock In tho first reports of tho nan's ethlbltlon of kultur. because Frits Is known as clean sailor, and I figured that' no real sailor would ever get imHHMHIMI mixed np In such dirty work as they! said there was In Belglnm, -1 figured the soldiers were like the sailors. Bat I found oat I was wrong about both. One thing that opened my eyes a bit was the trouble my mother had In getting out of Hanover, where she was when the war started, and back to France. She always wore a little American flag and this both saved and endangered her. Without It the Ger mans would have Interned her as a Frenchwoman, and with It she was sneered at and insulted time and again before she finally managed to get over the border. She died about two months after she reached St Na znlre. Moreover. I heard the fate of my older brother, who had made his home in France with my grandmother. He bad gone to the front at the outbreak of the war with the infantry from St Nazaire and had been killed two or three weeks afterwards. This made It a sort of personal matter. But what put the finishing touches to me were the stories a wounded Canadian lieutenant told me some months later In New York. He had been there and be knew. You could not help believing him; you can al ways teU it when a man has been there and knows. There was not much racket around New York, so I made up my mind all of a sudden to go over and get some for myself. Believe me, I got enough racket before I was through. Most of the really Important things I have done have happened like that; I did them on the jump, you might say. Many other Americans wanted a look, too; there were five thousand Amer icans In the Canadian army at one time they say. I would not claim that I went over there to save democracy, or anything like that I never did like Germans, and I never met a Frenchman who was not kind to me, and what I heard about the way the Huns treated the Belgians made me sick. I nsed to get out of bed to go to an all-night picture show, I thought about it so much, But there was not much excitement about New York, and I figured the TJ. S. would not get into it for a while, anyway, so I Just wanted to go over and see what it was like. That is why lots of us went I think. There were five of us who went to Boston to ship for the other side Sam Murray, Ed Brown, Tim Flynn, Mitchell and myself. Murray was an ex- garby two hitches (enlistments), gun pointer rating, and about thirty-five years old. Brown was a Pennsylvania man about twenty-six years old, who had served tno enlistments in the U, S. army and had quit with the rank of sergeant Flynn and Mitchell were both ex-navy men. Mitchell was a noted boxer. Of the five of us, I am the only one who went in, got through and came out. Flynn and Mitchell did not go in; Murray and Brown never came back. The five of us shipped on the steam ship Virginian of the American-Ha waiian line, under American flag and registry, but chartered by the French government I signed on as water tender an engine room Job but the others were on deck that is, seamen. We left Boston for St. Nazaire with a cargo of ammunition, bully beef, etc., and made the first trip without anything of Interest happening. As we were tying to the dock at St. Nazaire, I saw a German prisoner sit ting on a pile of lumber. I thought probably he would be hungry, so I went down Into the oilers' mess and got two slices of bread with a thick piece of beefsteak between them and handed It to Fritz. He would not take it At first I thought be was afraid to, but by using several languages and signs be managed to make me under stand that he was not hungry had too mucn 10 eat, in lact. I used to think of this fellow occa sionally when I was In a German pris on camp, and a piece of moldy bread the size of a safety-match box was the generous portion of food they forced on me, with true German hos pitality, once every forty-eight hours. I would not exactly have refused a beefsteak sandwich, 1 am afraid. But then I was not a heaven-born German. I was only a common American garby. He was full of knltur and grab; I was not fall of anything. There was a large prison camp at St Nazaire, and at one time or an other I saw all of It Before the war It had been used as a barracks by the French army end consisted of well made, comfortable two-story stone buildings, floored with concrete, with auxiliary barracks of logs. The Ger man prisoners occupied the ' stone buildings, while the French guards were quartered In the log houses. In side, the houses were divided Into long rooms with whitewashed walls. There was a gymnasium for the prisoners, n canteen where they might boy most of tho things yon could buy anywhere else In the country, and a studio for the painters among the prisoners. Of ficers were separated from privates which was m good thing for the pri vatesand were kept In houses sur rounded by stockades. Officers and privates received tho same treatment however, and ail were girts exactty ';;nimiiiiiiiiiimiiitiimmitiniiiHiiHHtL the same rations snd equipment as the regular French army before It went to the front Their food consisted of bread, soup, and vino, as wine Is called almost everywhere In the world. la the morning they received half a loaf of Vienna bread and coffee. At noon they each bad a large dixie of thick soup, and at three in the afternoon more bread and a bottle of vino. The soup was more like a stew very thick with meat and vegetables. At one of the officers' barracks there waa a cook who had been chef In the larg est hotel In Paris before the war. All the prisoners were well clothed. Once a week, socks, underwear, soap, towels and blankets were issued to them, and every week the barracks and equipment were fumigated. They were given the best of medical atten tion. Besides all this, they -were allowed to work at their trades. If they had any. All the carpenters, cobblers, tailors and painters were kept busy, snd some of them picked up more change there than they .ever did In Germany, they told me. The musi cians formed bands and played almost every night at restaurants and thea ters in the town. Those who had no trade were allowed to work on the roads, parks, docks and at residences about the town. Talk about dear old Jail! Yea could not have driven the average prisoner away from there with a 14-inch gun. I used to think about them in Bran denburg, when our boys were rushing the sentries in the hope of being bay onetted out of their misery. While our cargo was being unloaded I spent most of my time with my grandmother. I had heard still more about the cruelty of the Huns, and made' up my mind to get into the ser vice. Murray and Brown had already enlisted in the Foreign Legion, Brown being assigned to the Infantry and Murray to the French man-of-war Cas sard. But when I spoke of my Inten tion, my grandmother cried so much that I promised her I would not enlist that time, anyway and made the return voyage In the Virginian. We were no sooner loaded tn Boston than back to St. Nazaire we went. Gunner Depew, on board the French dreadnaught Caatard, gives the Pollus a sample of the msrksmsnship for which the American gunners are famous. Then he leavea his ship and goes Into the trenches. Dent miss the next installment (TO BE CONTINUED.) Something to "Greet" About Persons casting about for something to worry about may take pleasure In recalling from "The Little Minister" the manner In which self-styled simple folk In Scotland regard the northern lights "the devil's rainbow," Waster Lunny called It "I saw It sax times In July month," he said, "and It made me shut my een. Yon was out admir ing It dominie, bat I can never forget that it was seen In the year '12 Just afore the great storm. I was only a laddie then, but I mind how that awful wind stripped a' the standing corn la the glen In less time than we've been here at the water's edge. It was called the dell's bosom. My father's blnmost words to me was, 'It's time eneuch to greet laddie, when you see the au rora borealls.'" Waster Lunny was "greeting" o'er the drought then, but twelve hours later the Quharlty was out of Its banks, washing out the corn and with a year's store of wool on Its crest was dashing out to sea. Moon by "Esrthllght" When the crescent of the new moon appears In the west the phenomenon called "the old moon In the young one's arms" is often observed. Part ly embraced by the horns of the cres cent Is seen the whole round orb of the moon. The cause of this appear ance Is that the "earthlight" upon that part of the moon not reached by tho sunshine Is sufficiently brilliant to ren der it faintly visible to oar eyes. Harnesses 8un's Rays. An experimenter in the Royal Col lege of Science In Toronto claims that he has found a way to harness tho sun's heat to Industrial tasks of al most any nature. For Instance, by his experiments with mirror combinations he has focused reflected hits so as to melt a bar of lend a temnorature below freezing to a depth of one and a half inches In 48 seconds. Intsndsd No Harm. . Lucy was playing op on the lawn with her little pappy when the dog next door came up wagging his tail la a most friendly way. The tittles pup stack bis tall between his legs and started for the honsa. Lucy caught him, saying: Don't bo afraid, pupi be won't hurt you: ha Just coma over to Introduce hlsselt" ' Nseesslty. A national exhibition was raesatty held In Berlin to popuIartM Ok taa) at paper clothing. The Organised Rabbit Drive Protecta Crops and Conserve Meat WILD RABBIT IS VALUABLE ASSET Each Year Fully 200,000,000 of . Little Animals Are Killed in United States. FUR IS IN STRONG DEMAND Value of PelU Will Be Further In creased This Year on Account of Embargo Placed on Importa , tion of All Skins. The game commission of Pennsyl vania estimated that in 1917, during the open season of 45 day, fully 3,500, 000 rabbits were killed and utilized for food In that state. Making due allow ance for overestimates in only one state, it is safe to suy that each year fully 200,000,000 wild rabbits are killed in the United States. Many of them are jack rabbits, the majority of which havejeen utilized In the past. If all the' rabbils killed were consumed, they would represent between 200,000 and 300,000 tons of valuable food, ac cording to specialists of the United States department of agriculture. The skins of these wild rabbits nre a valuable asset as they can be used for hatters' fur nnd glue. The war hns caused a great shortage of hatters' fur from other countries. Last winter the price of native rabbit skins rose steadily from 20 or 25 cents to 70 nnd even 90 cents a pound at the close of the season. It takes 6 to 8 dry skins of the cottontail rabbit to make a pound. This makes the present value of the pelt of the smaller rabbit 10 to 12 cents and that of the jack rabbit 18 to 20 cents. These values will be further Increased because of the em bargo that has been placed on the im portation of furs. Save the Skins. If proper measures are taken to in sure the collection of skins the short nge of hatters' fur can be largely met by the Wild supply. If all households that use rabbits for food and every marketman who dresses rabbits can be Induced to save and dry the skins the present home production of hatters' fur can be more than doubled next sen on. The prices pay well for the slight labor needed to prepare them for mar ket Men can make excellent wages skinning the jack rabbits that are destroyed as pests In our Western states, and that have hitherto been wasted. At only 10 cents each the skins of the 200,000,000 rabbits killed in the United Stales have a value of $20,000,000. The organized drive, in which every rabbit caught may bo utilized its food, Is being encouraged wherever prac ticable as a means of conserving meat nnd protecting crops from their depre dations. While tho fur of our wild rabbits does not make the finest hats, and the manufacturers of these ar,e dependent on nutria, mnskrat and beaver clip pings, the use of these finer hots will probably decline and they will bo re placed by those made of rabbit fur. There Is a strong demand for nil the rabbit skins that can be collected In America. ' 1 ' Kansas Firm's Contribution. Last . 'winter a firm In Kansas dresBed snd shipped 157,000 Jack rab bits, or 275 tons of meat. The skins were all saved and marketed, making an important Item in tho profits. A . large extension of the business Is : planned for the coming season, and It la expected that many similar enter r prises will be developed in various parts of the Went' These activities 'Will Insure a modi larger 1 saving of ack rabbit skins than In the past. .),! CAN THE BUNNY Bunny clubs have been started among women in OU!iilumn to can the rabbits caught in the organized drives In sections of J tho state where great damage S is done by the pests. One dub in Buffalo puts up Buffalo bunny sausage which cariVs on the outside of the cans the follow ing: Can the bunny Sav the money Help to win the war With hrcad and meat And lota to eat The end will not be far. Slice him up Spice him up Orlnd him very fine Fry hint brown Pack him down Good for any time. Tile Trap for Rabbits. Set a 12 by 8-lnch "tee" sewer Hie with the long end downward, and bnry it so that the stx-lnch optming at the side Is below the surface of tho ground. Connect two lengths of slx-lm h sewer pipe horizontally with the side open ing. Second-grade or even broken til will do. Cover the Joints witti soil so as to exclude light Provide a tight removable cover, such as an o!d har row disk, for the top of the liirce ffie. The projecting end of the smill tile la then surrounded with roi-lis, brush or wood, so ns to make the hole look inviting to rabbits and encotiru'e them to frequent the den. Ra'jMtK, ot course, nre free to go in or out ot these dens, which should be const ructeJ In promising spots on the farm and In the orchard. A trained dog will loeaH Inhabited dens. The outlet Is closed with a disk of wood on a stake, or the dog guards the opening. The cover lifted and the rabbits captured bj hand. J These traps are especially suitable for open lands and prairies, where rab bits cannot find natural hiding places. They are permanent and cost nothing for repairs from year to year. If It la desired to poison rabbits, the bnlB may be placed Inside these traps, out of he way of domestic animals of birds. Tills trap also furnishes an ex cellent means of obtaining rtibhlts to: the table, or even for market Fall Feedina for Sheep. Stubble and stnlk fluids may well form the principal means of suste nance for the breeding flock In the fall if they are used before the ruins in jure their feeding value. Fence strlpJ in plowed fields may also give good grazing for a few days. Clover and grass pastures may well be left until the stubble rtnd stalk fields have bcea used. For reelons where the winter! are open, a heavy stand of well-cured bluegruss will help very much In carrying the flock through the winter In good condition. Green rye pasture! In tho late fall give considerable suc culence nnd furnish exercise for the flock. In the South velvet beans will be found of great help in carrying tli flock Into January. v Plenty of Muskratt. A sufficient number of a"",l'B!j meet demands for their fur are trapped from marshes and swamps that am for the most part, unprotected, mil lions qf skins being taken each y' So long as the natural breeding place , remain undisturbed and rcasouub vavovM nrunuim arv maiumi"7" little likelihood of themmiheraof tno animals being depleted, according w : uiuiniriiiTH fir inn 1 nirpu niHitm vr"- ment 'of agriculture. With-adesnst n.nt.tl-- 1 .1 ... .naunn and I'.i'twuirii in uiu imaniiiiK - with the present habitat available, from 10,000,000 to 18,000,000 pelts ca be taken In North America annually without depletion of the supply. ; It Is a good plan to wean the la0 sradunllv; this will eliminate hnviofl to milk the ewes tod the lambs will much better. ' ' .