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Iron County register. [volume] (Ironton, Iron County, Mo.) 1867-1965, September 12, 1918, Image 6

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024283/1918-09-12/ed-1/seq-6/

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Ddping tb Heat and Ililk Supply
(Bptrtal Information Scnrtc. Vniud HUta Department of Aarlcultur )
Ex-Cunner and Chief Petty OC3cer,U.r5. If try
Member of the Foreign Legion of France
Certain Gun Turret. French Battleship Cassard
Winner of the Croix da Guerre
"Gunner Depew" it not a
of ration, but it tsU
thrilling than any fie-
tan you ever read. It it the
story of the expert-
of an American boy
had a fiahtino career
lat is unique in the annals
f ttie great war. It is a
story crowded with fighting
and adventure big with
Soman courage and endur
ance. It is the first war nar
rative that tells the true
story of conditions in the
German prison camps. It
& a story that every Ameri
can should and will read to
the end.
In the American Navy.
""Is lather was a seaman, so, nat
'VWUF. all my Of e I beard a great deal
lOmaafc Ups and the sea. Even when
2 wwa a little toy, la Walston, Pa I
atrwkt about them a whole lot and
wnotefct to be a sailor especially a
aoaSir im the XT. S. navy.
To adght say I was brought up on
e! water.
Whom I was twlve years old I went
tt mem as cabin boy on the whaler
ffSorttas. out of Boston. She was an
-sat samare-rlgged sailing ship, built
fer work than for speed. We
oat four months on my first
irvvfis, and got knocked aronnd a lot,
e5jweQy tn a storm on the Newfound
San Banks, where wo lost our lnstru
ei and bad a bard time navigat-
3nc3 ship. Whaling crews work on
rtww and during the two years I was
s tfte Therlfus my shares amounted
S flaorteen hundred dollars.
TUrb shipped as first-class helms
mum a the British tramp Southern-
mil. a twin-screw steamer out of
JUrwpool. Many people are surprised
flSa fourteen-year-old boy should be
4MSauwtaa on an ocean-going craft,
lat ofl ever the world yon will see
Tmx tads doing their trick at the
I was on the Soutberndown
tan years and In that time visited
m f the Important ports of Eu-
There is nothing like a tramp
If you want to see the world,
IWei Seataerndown Is the vessel that,
3w tfw Call of 1917, sighted a German
aafkht rigged up like a sailing ship.
JMswugh I liked visiting the foreign
; iWrta. I got tired of the Southerndown
aMr a while and at the end of a voy-
fftwicb landed me in New York I
Jkmided to get into the United States
imwj. After laying around for a week
- a taw I enlisted and was assigned to
dnay as a second-class fireman.
Xfenple have said they thought I was
CSMfftr small to be a fireman; they
the idea that firemen must be big
r vmm. Well, I am 5 feet 1 inches In
I ;' and when I was sixteen I was
last as tall as I am now and weighed
pounds. I was a whole lot husk'
"&w iftca, too, for that was before my
Iwwmlurtion to kultur in German prls-
m eswps, and life there Is not exactly
KaCRnwe not exactly. I do not know
wjjr it la, but If you will notice the
mat; Bremen the lads with the red
.-siMfjiea around their left shoulders
.'; will find that almost all of them
- snail men. But they are a husky
3tw. in the navy, they always haze
owsweomer until be shows that he
mm take care of himself, and I got
mam very soon after I went Into Un
Kr Sam's service. I was washing my
ttvtikm In a bucket on the forecastle
amd every garby (sailor) who
along woutd give me or the
a kick, and spill one or the
i of us. Each time I would move
a smne other place, but I always
ataH to be in somebody's war. PI
" msAy I aaw a marine coming. I was
mmrnmacc near him, but he hauled out
' aar course to come np to me and
www the bucket a boot that sent it
wkry feet away, at the same time
&wng me a clout on the ear that
float dbu knocked me down. Now,
" t exactly know what a marine
wwjl, and this fellow bad so many
' Wbs on his sleeve tnat I thought
s mmut be some sort of officer, so I
aast stood by. There waa a gold atrlpe
l famralssioned officer) on the bridge
f now that It anything was
wieoi lie would cot In, so I kept look
ssr op at Mm, but he stayed where he
"wnay looking ou. and never saying a
waaal. And all tho time tho marine
Have tammlng me about and telling
get tho hell out of there,
ainally I aald to myself, "Til get
i any ii u s tno DNff for a month "
Sat I planted blm one in tho kidneys
f aaothcr in the month, and he went
J against tho rail. But ho
7 t' at mo strong, and we von
" ant for tome time. 1 v
-Bert when it waa over tba gold atrlpe
8fiiiitntfriHIH;f mn
came down from the bridge and hook
After this they did not haze bo
much. This was the beginning of ft
certain reputation that 1 bad in the
navy for fist-work. Later on, I bad a
reputation for swimming, too. That
first day they began calling me
"Chink." though I don't know why.
and it baa been my nickname In the
navy ever since.
It la a curious thing, and I never
could understand It, but garbles and
marines never mix. The marines are
good men and great fighters, aboard
and ashore, but we garbles never have
a word for them, nor they for us. On
shore leave abroad we pal up with
foreign garbles, even, but hardly ever
with a marine. Of course they are
with us strong In case we nave a scrap
with a liberty party off some foreign
ship they cannot keep out of a fight
any more than we can but after It
Is over they are on their way at once
and we on ours.
There are lots of things like that
In the navy that you cannot figure out
the reason for, and I think it la be
cause sailors change their -ways so
little. They do a great many things
in the navy because the navy always
has done them.
I kept strictly on the Job as a fire
man, but I wanted to get Into the gun
turrets. It was slow work for a long
time. I had to serve as second-class
fireman for four mouths, first-class
for eight months and in the engine
room as water-tender for a year.
Then, after serving on the U. S. S.
Des Moines as a gun-loader, I was
transferred to the Iowa and finally
worked up to a gun-pointer. After a
time I got my 0. P. O. rating chief
petty officer, first-class gunner.
The various navies differ in many
ways, but most of the differences
would not be noticed by any one but
a sailor. Every sailor has a great deal
of respect for the Swedes and Nor
wegians and Danes; they are born
sailors and are very daring, but, of
course, their navies are small. The
Germans were always known as clean
Gunner Depew.
sailors; that Is, as in our navy and
the British, their vessels were ship
shape all the time, and were run as
sweet as a clock.
There Is no use comparing the varl
ous navies as to which is best; some
are better at one thing and some at
another. The British navy, of course,
is the largest, and nobody will deny
that at most things they are topnotch
least of all themselves; they admit
It But there is one place where the
navy of the United States has it all
over every other navy on the seven
seas, and that Is gunnery. The Amer
ican navy has the best gunners in
the world. And do not let anybody
tell you different
The War Breaks.
After serving four years and three
months In the U. S. navy, I received
an honorable discharge on April 14,
1014. I held the rank of chief petty
officer, first-class gunner. It is not
uncommon for garbles to lie around a
while between enlistments they like
a vacation as much as anyone and It
was my intention to loaf for a few
months before joining the navy again.
After the war started, of course, I
had heard more or less about the Ger
man atrocities In Belgium, and while
I was greatly Interested. I was doubt
ful at first as to the truth of tho re
ports, for I knew how news gets
changed In passing from mouth to
mouth, and I never was much of a
hand to believe things until I saw
them, anyway. Another thing that
caused me to be Interested In the war
was the fact that my mother was born
In Alsace. Her maiden name. Dier
vieux, la wen known In Alsace. I had
often visited my .grandmother In 8t
Nasalre, Franco, and knew tut coun
try. 8o with France at war, it was
not strange that I should bo even
more interested than many other
garbles. -. . ..
As I have said, I did not take much
stock In tho first reports of tho nan's
ethlbltlon of kultur. because Frits Is
known as clean sailor, and I figured
that' no real sailor would ever get
mixed np In such dirty work as they!
said there was In Belglnm, -1 figured
the soldiers were like the sailors. Bat
I found oat I was wrong about both.
One thing that opened my eyes a
bit was the trouble my mother had In
getting out of Hanover, where she
was when the war started, and back
to France. She always wore a little
American flag and this both saved and
endangered her. Without It the Ger
mans would have Interned her as a
Frenchwoman, and with It she was
sneered at and insulted time and
again before she finally managed to
get over the border. She died about
two months after she reached St Na
znlre. Moreover. I heard the fate of my
older brother, who had made his home
in France with my grandmother. He
bad gone to the front at the outbreak
of the war with the infantry from St
Nazaire and had been killed two or
three weeks afterwards. This made
It a sort of personal matter.
But what put the finishing touches
to me were the stories a wounded
Canadian lieutenant told me some
months later In New York. He had
been there and be knew. You could
not help believing him; you can al
ways teU it when a man has been
there and knows.
There was not much racket around
New York, so I made up my mind all
of a sudden to go over and get some
for myself. Believe me, I got enough
racket before I was through. Most
of the really Important things I have
done have happened like that; I did
them on the jump, you might say.
Many other Americans wanted a look,
too; there were five thousand Amer
icans In the Canadian army at one
time they say.
I would not claim that I went over
there to save democracy, or anything
like that I never did like Germans,
and I never met a Frenchman who was
not kind to me, and what I heard
about the way the Huns treated the
Belgians made me sick. I nsed to get
out of bed to go to an all-night picture
show, I thought about it so much,
But there was not much excitement
about New York, and I figured the
TJ. S. would not get into it for a while,
anyway, so I Just wanted to go over
and see what it was like. That is
why lots of us went I think.
There were five of us who went to
Boston to ship for the other side
Sam Murray, Ed Brown, Tim Flynn,
Mitchell and myself. Murray was an ex-
garby two hitches (enlistments), gun
pointer rating, and about thirty-five
years old. Brown was a Pennsylvania
man about twenty-six years old, who
had served tno enlistments in the U,
S. army and had quit with the rank
of sergeant Flynn and Mitchell were
both ex-navy men. Mitchell was a
noted boxer. Of the five of us, I am
the only one who went in, got
through and came out. Flynn and
Mitchell did not go in; Murray and
Brown never came back.
The five of us shipped on the steam
ship Virginian of the American-Ha
waiian line, under American flag and
registry, but chartered by the French
government I signed on as water
tender an engine room Job but the
others were on deck that is, seamen.
We left Boston for St. Nazaire with
a cargo of ammunition, bully beef,
etc., and made the first trip without
anything of Interest happening.
As we were tying to the dock at St.
Nazaire, I saw a German prisoner sit
ting on a pile of lumber. I thought
probably he would be hungry, so I
went down Into the oilers' mess and
got two slices of bread with a thick
piece of beefsteak between them and
handed It to Fritz. He would not take
it At first I thought be was afraid
to, but by using several languages and
signs be managed to make me under
stand that he was not hungry had
too mucn 10 eat, in lact.
I used to think of this fellow occa
sionally when I was In a German pris
on camp, and a piece of moldy bread
the size of a safety-match box was
the generous portion of food they
forced on me, with true German hos
pitality, once every forty-eight hours.
I would not exactly have refused a
beefsteak sandwich, 1 am afraid. But
then I was not a heaven-born German.
I was only a common American garby.
He was full of knltur and grab; I
was not fall of anything.
There was a large prison camp at
St Nazaire, and at one time or an
other I saw all of It Before the war
It had been used as a barracks by the
French army end consisted of well
made, comfortable two-story stone
buildings, floored with concrete, with
auxiliary barracks of logs. The Ger
man prisoners occupied the ' stone
buildings, while the French guards
were quartered In the log houses. In
side, the houses were divided Into long
rooms with whitewashed walls. There
was a gymnasium for the prisoners, n
canteen where they might boy most
of tho things yon could buy anywhere
else In the country, and a studio for
the painters among the prisoners. Of
ficers were separated from privates
which was m good thing for the pri
vatesand were kept In houses sur
rounded by stockades. Officers and
privates received tho same treatment
however, and ail were girts exactty
the same rations snd equipment as the
regular French army before It went to
the front Their food consisted of
bread, soup, and vino, as wine Is called
almost everywhere In the world. la
the morning they received half a loaf
of Vienna bread and coffee. At noon
they each bad a large dixie of thick
soup, and at three in the afternoon
more bread and a bottle of vino. The
soup was more like a stew very
thick with meat and vegetables. At
one of the officers' barracks there waa
a cook who had been chef In the larg
est hotel In Paris before the war.
All the prisoners were well clothed.
Once a week, socks, underwear, soap,
towels and blankets were issued to
them, and every week the barracks
and equipment were fumigated. They
were given the best of medical atten
Besides all this, they -were allowed
to work at their trades. If they had
any. All the carpenters, cobblers,
tailors and painters were kept busy,
snd some of them picked up more
change there than they .ever did In
Germany, they told me. The musi
cians formed bands and played almost
every night at restaurants and thea
ters in the town. Those who had no
trade were allowed to work on the
roads, parks, docks and at residences
about the town.
Talk about dear old Jail! Yea could
not have driven the average prisoner
away from there with a 14-inch gun.
I used to think about them in Bran
denburg, when our boys were rushing
the sentries in the hope of being bay
onetted out of their misery.
While our cargo was being unloaded
I spent most of my time with my
grandmother. I had heard still more
about the cruelty of the Huns, and
made' up my mind to get into the ser
vice. Murray and Brown had already
enlisted in the Foreign Legion, Brown
being assigned to the Infantry and
Murray to the French man-of-war Cas
sard. But when I spoke of my Inten
tion, my grandmother cried so much
that I promised her I would not enlist
that time, anyway and made the
return voyage In the Virginian. We
were no sooner loaded tn Boston than
back to St. Nazaire we went.
Gunner Depew, on board the
French dreadnaught Caatard,
gives the Pollus a sample of the
msrksmsnship for which the
American gunners are famous.
Then he leavea his ship and goes
Into the trenches. Dent miss
the next installment
Something to "Greet" About
Persons casting about for something
to worry about may take pleasure In
recalling from "The Little Minister"
the manner In which self-styled simple
folk In Scotland regard the northern
lights "the devil's rainbow," Waster
Lunny called It "I saw It sax times
In July month," he said, "and It made
me shut my een. Yon was out admir
ing It dominie, bat I can never forget
that it was seen In the year '12 Just
afore the great storm. I was only a
laddie then, but I mind how that awful
wind stripped a' the standing corn la
the glen In less time than we've been
here at the water's edge. It was called
the dell's bosom. My father's blnmost
words to me was, 'It's time eneuch to
greet laddie, when you see the au
rora borealls.'" Waster Lunny was
"greeting" o'er the drought then, but
twelve hours later the Quharlty was
out of Its banks, washing out the corn
and with a year's store of wool on Its
crest was dashing out to sea.
Moon by "Esrthllght"
When the crescent of the new moon
appears In the west the phenomenon
called "the old moon In the young
one's arms" is often observed. Part
ly embraced by the horns of the cres
cent Is seen the whole round orb of
the moon. The cause of this appear
ance Is that the "earthlight" upon that
part of the moon not reached by tho
sunshine Is sufficiently brilliant to ren
der it faintly visible to oar eyes.
Harnesses 8un's Rays.
An experimenter in the Royal Col
lege of Science In Toronto claims that
he has found a way to harness tho
sun's heat to Industrial tasks of al
most any nature. For Instance, by his
experiments with mirror combinations
he has focused reflected hits so as to
melt a bar of lend a temnorature
below freezing to a depth of one and
a half inches In 48 seconds.
Intsndsd No Harm.
. Lucy was playing op on the lawn
with her little pappy when the dog
next door came up wagging his tail la
a most friendly way. The tittles pup
stack bis tall between his legs and
started for the honsa. Lucy caught
him, saying: Don't bo afraid, pupi
be won't hurt you: ha Just coma over
to Introduce hlsselt"
' Nseesslty.
A national exhibition was raesatty
held In Berlin to popuIartM Ok taa)
at paper clothing.
The Organised Rabbit Drive Protecta Crops and Conserve Meat
Each Year Fully 200,000,000 of
. Little Animals Are Killed in
United States.
Value of PelU Will Be Further In
creased This Year on Account of
Embargo Placed on Importa
, tion of All Skins.
The game commission of Pennsyl
vania estimated that in 1917, during
the open season of 45 day, fully 3,500,
000 rabbits were killed and utilized for
food In that state. Making due allow
ance for overestimates in only one
state, it is safe to suy that each year
fully 200,000,000 wild rabbits are killed
in the United States. Many of them
are jack rabbits, the majority of which
havejeen utilized In the past. If
all the' rabbils killed were consumed,
they would represent between 200,000
and 300,000 tons of valuable food, ac
cording to specialists of the United
States department of agriculture.
The skins of these wild rabbits nre
a valuable asset as they can be used
for hatters' fur nnd glue. The war
hns caused a great shortage of hatters'
fur from other countries. Last winter
the price of native rabbit skins rose
steadily from 20 or 25 cents to 70 nnd
even 90 cents a pound at the close of
the season. It takes 6 to 8 dry skins
of the cottontail rabbit to make a
pound. This makes the present value
of the pelt of the smaller rabbit 10 to
12 cents and that of the jack rabbit
18 to 20 cents. These values will be
further Increased because of the em
bargo that has been placed on the im
portation of furs.
Save the Skins.
If proper measures are taken to in
sure the collection of skins the short
nge of hatters' fur can be largely met
by the Wild supply. If all households
that use rabbits for food and every
marketman who dresses rabbits can be
Induced to save and dry the skins the
present home production of hatters'
fur can be more than doubled next sen
on. The prices pay well for the slight
labor needed to prepare them for mar
ket Men can make excellent wages
skinning the jack rabbits that are
destroyed as pests In our Western
states, and that have hitherto been
wasted. At only 10 cents each the
skins of the 200,000,000 rabbits killed
in the United Stales have a value of
The organized drive, in which every
rabbit caught may bo utilized its food,
Is being encouraged wherever prac
ticable as a means of conserving meat
nnd protecting crops from their depre
dations. While tho fur of our wild rabbits
does not make the finest hats, and the
manufacturers of these ar,e dependent
on nutria, mnskrat and beaver clip
pings, the use of these finer hots will
probably decline and they will bo re
placed by those made of rabbit fur.
There Is a strong demand for nil the
rabbit skins that can be collected In
America. ' 1
' Kansas Firm's Contribution.
Last . 'winter a firm In Kansas
dresBed snd shipped 157,000 Jack rab
bits, or 275 tons of meat. The skins
were all saved and marketed, making
an important Item in tho profits. A
. large extension of the business Is
: planned for the coming season, and It
la expected that many similar enter
r prises will be developed in various
parts of the Went' These activities
'Will Insure a modi larger 1 saving of
ack rabbit skins than In the past.
Bunny clubs have been started
among women in OU!iilumn to
can the rabbits caught in the
organized drives In sections of J
tho state where great damage S
is done by the pests. One dub
in Buffalo puts up Buffalo bunny
sausage which cariVs on the
outside of the cans the follow
ing: Can the bunny
Sav the money
Help to win the war
With hrcad and meat
And lota to eat
The end will not be far.
Slice him up
Spice him up
Orlnd him very fine
Fry hint brown
Pack him down
Good for any time.
Tile Trap for Rabbits.
Set a 12 by 8-lnch "tee" sewer Hie
with the long end downward, and bnry
it so that the stx-lnch optming at the
side Is below the surface of tho ground.
Connect two lengths of slx-lm h sewer
pipe horizontally with the side open
ing. Second-grade or even broken til
will do. Cover the Joints witti soil so
as to exclude light Provide a tight
removable cover, such as an o!d har
row disk, for the top of the liirce ffie.
The projecting end of the smill tile
la then surrounded with roi-lis, brush
or wood, so ns to make the hole look
inviting to rabbits and encotiru'e them
to frequent the den. Ra'jMtK, ot
course, nre free to go in or out ot
these dens, which should be const ructeJ
In promising spots on the farm and In
the orchard. A trained dog will loeaH
Inhabited dens. The outlet Is closed
with a disk of wood on a stake, or the
dog guards the opening. The cover
lifted and the rabbits captured bj
hand. J
These traps are especially suitable
for open lands and prairies, where rab
bits cannot find natural hiding places.
They are permanent and cost nothing
for repairs from year to year. If It
la desired to poison rabbits, the bnlB
may be placed Inside these traps, out
of he way of domestic animals of
birds. Tills trap also furnishes an ex
cellent means of obtaining rtibhlts to:
the table, or even for market
Fall Feedina for Sheep.
Stubble and stnlk fluids may well
form the principal means of suste
nance for the breeding flock In the fall
if they are used before the ruins in
jure their feeding value. Fence strlpJ
in plowed fields may also give good
grazing for a few days. Clover and
grass pastures may well be left until
the stubble rtnd stalk fields have bcea
used. For reelons where the winter!
are open, a heavy stand of well-cured
bluegruss will help very much In
carrying the flock through the winter
In good condition. Green rye pasture!
In tho late fall give considerable suc
culence nnd furnish exercise for the
flock. In the South velvet beans will
be found of great help in carrying tli
flock Into January.
v Plenty of Muskratt.
A sufficient number of a"",l'B!j
meet demands for their fur are trapped
from marshes and swamps that am
for the most part, unprotected, mil
lions qf skins being taken each y'
So long as the natural breeding place ,
remain undisturbed and rcasouub
vavovM nrunuim arv maiumi"7"
little likelihood of themmiheraof tno
animals being depleted, according w :
uiuiniriiiTH fir inn 1 nirpu niHitm vr"-
ment 'of agriculture. With-adesnst
n.nt.tl-- 1 .1 ... .naunn and
I'.i'twuirii in uiu imaniiiiK -
with the present habitat available,
from 10,000,000 to 18,000,000 pelts ca
be taken In North America annually
without depletion of the supply. ;
It Is a good plan to wean the la0
sradunllv; this will eliminate hnviofl
to milk the ewes tod the lambs will
much better. ' ' .

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