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IRON COUNTY REGISTER. IRONTON.. MISSOURI.
p: me DUNES dm u it. GML PARK , . . .... t r y7 JOHN DlfKIN.vON .HFT?M ANixls v r ... I ..... - rv Phcrfcgnsbfc FRANCES LA FOLLETTE JT . t v .'V . Kill I , .. . x - Natural,.; W,- 54" J f in Indiana on Ufe ' 1 , Lake Michigan- fig : ' $J ,f v ' ,; ff V should :1..a3, -. Saved for the;- MtiMwSu, : ' yCeart? 4ri W ANTED - The Dunes National park- .! U - : . j V' v'S'CW if n I in the sand dunes of Indiana on -.$"7 I ! 1 LAKE A;-kvv Vw-W the shore of Lake Michigan be- ".f IwCZGAN rfk 'A JXlh tween Gary and Michigan City r 1 r Wftt '-- II M'L: The middle West,has TSlt,ed ! il f , . xw tK 'oVS 7 . -4:$?? scenic West the national parks of iSSSt the Kockies, Sierras and Cascades. f It has found them good. It has fallen r&!k in love, with the national park Idea. Now It is asking: "Why not a na tional' park right here, Instead of half wav across the continent?" For there is not a scenic national park worthy of the same between Rocky Mountain :n Colorado and iLafalyette on the coast of Maine. So Indiana, Illinois and Michigan want a na tional park, and they have picked out the dunes as the right place for It. ' How they re going to .bring about Its estabusn .raent Is a big question, i Ihe proposed park area 4s all under private ownership and Is held at spec ulative prices on the chance of a second Gary 'being built at the head of Lake Michigan. Even nt actual values It would cost about $2,500,000 to buy the 13,000 acres most desirable for park pur poses. The scenic parks of the West were taken :fro'm the national forests and the public domain fby congress. To date there Is no precedent for the appropriation by congress of funds to purchase a national park area. Lafayette was presented to Hhe government for national park purposes by the owners of the property. Congress baa no national park policy. It dilly dallies with national parks as It does with most tother things. It is now generous with appropria tions and again niggardly; for instance, it gave Yellowstone $334,000 and Yosemlte $255,000 In 1919 and kept Rocky Mountain, with twice as many visitors as both parks, down to $10,000. Politics enters largely into all national park legis lation. ,' In the Sixty-fourth congress the interior department supported the' bill to enlarge Yellow stone and the bill to add to Sequoia and change ts name to Roosevelt The agricultural depart ment, because the proposed additions would be itaken from national forests, and therefore from Its control, opposed both bills, beating the former In the senate and the latter In the house. So there is uo telling what congress will or will not do In the matter of national park legislation. Can congress be induced to appropriate money ifor the purchase of private holdings for national jpark purposes? . t . .-. This question has been put squarely up to con gress b$ two bills Introduced at this session.' One alls for the appropriation of a million dollars or so for the purchase of Mammoth cave, Kentucky, . and Its environs for a national park. The pther (provides for the establishment of the Mississippi Valley National park on both sides of the Missis sippi In southwestern Wisconsin and northeastern Iowa. Here the two states own the land under the rtver, the federal government controls Its navigation, part of the proposed area Is a Wiscon ln state park, some of the land will be donated wnd the land to be purchased by. the government Ja been appraised at a very moderate price. Can congress condemn private holdings for na tional park purposes? " ; ' Nobody seems to know. Most lawyers would say off-hand that the state of Indiana can con demn the dunes for state park' purposes. And presumably the state of Indiana could transfer the Hand to the federal government. The national park ervice has been looking into the question of con demnation. It Is advised that the government can condemn private holdings Inside of national park boundaries fn fact, a bill Is pending to condemn 100 acres in General Grant National park which the owner Will not sell for a reasonable price. As to the condemnation of patented land outside -of n national park the national park service' is yet undecided. Condemnation of the dunes has been advocated by private Individuals and by the press. The . creation of Lafayette Nutlonal park has established this precedent: The federal govern ment will accept suitable land presented to it 'for national park purposes. So,, while other questions lire being thrashed out, the Indiana, Illinois and Michigan tederatlons of the General Federation of Women's Cubs are engaged in a campaign to rnlse sufficient money by subscription to purchaso tlii dunes and present them to the government for n nallonnl park. There is no question that the Indiana dunes are worthy of national park honors. October 30, 1916, a public hearing was held in Chicago by the In terior department in pursuance of a senate resolu tion. In September, 1917, a printed report by Director Stephen T. Mather of the national park service was issued. This report eliminated from ' consideration all of the dune country except a strip along the shore of Lake Michigan about a mile deep between 'Miller's in Lake county and Michigan City. After describing the dunes with considerable enthusiasm, Director Mather says : "Assuming, wjthout furtherNJescriptlon of actual conditions in thip dune country, that the sand dunes of Indiana are equal to those in any other section of the country; that they are the most ac cessible dunes; that they possess extremely inter esting flora and fauna ; that they offer unparalleled .opportunities to observe the action of the wind and Its Influence on the sand and plant life ; that the Lake Michigan beach Is beautiful and offers - bathing facilities for a multitude; that the recrea tional uses of the region are myriad, should they, or a large section of them, be preserved for present and future generations? If they should be pre served, are they worthy of inclusion in a national park? And if they are worthy, of consideration as a possible national park, would it be practicable to establish them as such a park for the benefit ' ( and enjoyment of .the people?" He answers the first two questions emphatically ' in the affirmative. He says this region should be preserved to the people for all time and that It is worthy of national park honors. As to the third question, he thinks it one of legislative policy to be determined by congress, inasmuch as the dunes are not public lands, and private lands have never been purchased for national park, purposes. He ' thinks the park should contain from 9,000 to 13,000 acres, extending 15 or 20 miles along the lake. He finds that options " secured by speculators vary between $350 and $C00'an acre, with one tract of 2,300 acres held at $1,000 an acre. ' "Manifestly," says Mr. Mather, "none of these lands are actually worth $350 an acre at this time. -A figure less than $200 an acre probably represents the actual value of the average tract of land not ' . under the Influence of urban values, due to prox Imlty to cities. Practically all of the larger hold ings must be purchased In their entirety. I believe that 9,000 to 13,000 acres of dune lands can prob ably be secured for park purposes for approximate ly $200 an acre. The purchase price of a park of , the size suggested would therefore be between $1,800,000 and $2,600,000." The proposed Dune National, pnrk is really a wonderful place, In the first place, the dunes are an uninhabited wilderness. The fact that there Is an uninhabited wilderness within a few miles of the center of population In 1910 at Blooraington, Ind. and at the very doors of Chicago, the second city of the nation and the fourth city of the world, is in itself a marvel. Incidentally, the dunes are within a few hours by rail and automobile of 20,-' 000,000 people.' This makes thera unique as a pub lic playground. I ' Again! The , dunes are a different world from the monotonous' flatness of the Chicago plain They nre a country of hills and blurts, gullies and valleys. There are all sorts of Interesting varia tions: Little' lakes,' streams, bogs, meadows. The bluffs above the bench are Imposing. The beach Itwtiif Is a wonder broud, smooth, clean, free from v. v. , il i 1 Li OLUUC9 UUU ((Ull.iuauuo, ovvf-O ' gradually into deep water. There Is probably no finar f vccli nra f ai' Violi i n tt honf.fi in tha wnrld. Dnn'f fhlnlr nt tha rinnos at tipnna nf hare Sand In a desert. They are exactly the reverse. They nave water; trees, shrubs, vines, nowers, grass, HfA The Iriith is that the dunes are a great natural propagating garden witn a most astonishing array or trees ana piuius and flowers. This garden Is packed full of flora from the Lake Superior region, the Atlantic coast, the ' middle South and the western prairie. It seems to have almost everything in the plant line from cactus to cranberries and from pines to tulip trees. A list of only the most characteristic and important plant species numbers 208. T To the ordinary visitor probably the spectacle of the "walking dunes" Is the most Interesting, noro hff kpps lnnd in the makine. Here today Is a tmvpHnsr dune crowned with flowers and plants and trees ; tomorrow it is gone and where it was Is a great blow-out of glistening sand, wan us sieep sides strewn with dead trunks exnumea irom an ancient graveyard of a previous forest. Today there Is a deep gash In the bluff; tomorrow Its place is taken by a very lofty heap of white ennri thnt has come ud. train by grain, out of the lake, on which grasses and plants and f.hrubs and treelets are already struggling for a foothold. To rtnv stands a forest on the edge of a shallow pond; tomorrow It is a cemetery,' with even the tree- tops covered by sand marching in from the beacn. Thf acpoinnanvlne map and diagram shows where the material that builds the dunes is com ing from and how It gets there. Lake Michigan hns been takine material from the west shore and depositing It at the dunes for a period reckoned at about 5,000 years. Previous to this period tne level of the lake Fas 50 or 60 feet higher than now and the discharge was toward the Mississippi at .". a point near where now are the dunes. When the Ice-gorge or glacer which prevented the discharge ntor intn the St. Lnwrence was removed and the lake drained Into the Atlantic Instead of the ,gulf, the level dropped, the present lane currents .'.rf in nnil th hulldlnir of the dunes was begun. Public land surveys made In 1835 and soundings of Lake Michigan furnisn tne uata tor tnese wimntes: Durlne the last 5,000 years the waters of the lake have washed away about 500 square miles of land from the snore extenaing irom tne Indiana state line northward Into Wisconsin. Where this land was is now water from 30 to 60 feet deep.,i The old shore line extends out from ' three to nine miles ; then there Is an abrupt drop ' of several hundred feet. This 1 an. unparalleled erosion; it is accounted for by the softness of the shore, wmcn is largely -.mr.na.n of material that was ground very fine by the glaciers that deposited It. It Is estlmnted that 7.000,000 tons of soil is taken yearly by the ,nm th Khnre north of Chicago. So there lurvc i,v. . Is plenty of material for building operations at the dunes. ti.oco facta suirtest this Interesting question What will happen to the dunes when the Bupply of building material stops r a.i etnn it will, and thnt comparatively soon. Aim ' ' - - : For the shore north of Chicago will in a few years be pretty solidly settled by peopie wiio nave money cnuni tn nrevent further eroRlon of the shore. Tn',At hrnRlnn hAa nlrefidv been stonmsd over iU liivi i - long stretches, nnd in many places the shore has been built out. The time is coming vnea tno west ci.r.ra will be tirotccted from erosion by Piers and . breakwaters. The supply of building material for the dunes will presumably slop, l'eninps tnen the riiinna will ston "walkinc." Lpt us hope that long before that time the Dunes National park win tie a people s playground. deuicnteu to puouc recnwuun jurever. --. A c i V- ' 1 k 7 Mm in- ' IK. i - ' i 'ViJ t 1.1' . A 1 .,": v- 1 Right In Your Town- a great quality coffit ttort! For every grocery store that 4 sells Schotten's Coffees is a direct branch of cur house. Jjl Importers ttf $0 -; X Ask you grocer about Schotten quality in coffees. The original plantation quality brought direct to your table, the Schotten way, with Schotten care. ' Grocers: Write for our Cof-E-Log. 3 " One Drawback. Washington is a colored man and he follows the profession of cleaning up back yards. Also he was the first man to think of wrapping a horse's fore legs with fly paper, keeping the flies off their legs and catching Mr. Fly at the same time. One of the women he was working for said to him : "Washington, your fly paper Is a success. I see that by the great number of flies there are on the paper." . "Yes! Yes!" said Washington, "but once In a while that horse gets his legs too close together and they stick and I has to pull 'em apart for him." Agreed With the Doctor. Mr. Griffin had spent an anxious aft ernoon at the office and hurried home at an unusually early hour. "How do you feel, dear? .What did the doctor say?" he asked his wife. "Oh, he asked me to put out my tongue," she murmured. "Yes?" "And after looking at It he said: 'Overworked !' " Mr. Griffin heaved an audible sigh of relief. "I have perfect faith in that doctor," he said firmly. "You will have to give it a rest." Lota better. Smiley I hope you won't mind If I bring a couple of friends home to din ner tonight, my dear? Mrs. Smiley Oh, no; that Is better than being brought home by a couple of friends after dinner. . If the toothache doesn't worry a man It's because some other fellow has It. Mammoth Cave Has Rival. Workers in a mine at Matehuala, near San Luis Potosi, Mexico, have discovered a cave which Is said to be one of the largest in the republic. It Is more than 300 feet below the level of the mine and is 15 feet In width. Its length has never been estimated, but exploring parties expect to survey it carefully in ti Jvwir future. One of the most fantastic vC it many gro tesque adornments Is a sulphurous fountain which pours out continuously a stream of blue water. It promises to rival in magnificence Kentucky's famous Mammoth cave, when fully explored. Parchmented Leather Valuable. Parchmented leather has greater strength while lacking the elasticity of tanned leather, and the belting of M. Felice Gilardiri of Turin Is designed to combine these special qualities. The hide being impressed deeply with a trelllswork pattern, the compressed portions are unaffected by tanning agents, while the Interior ( of the meshes is tanned In the usual way. The product has the required elasticity and Is claimed to be so strong. that belts may be much narrower than the ordinary. Keep Electric Fan Busy. An electric fan properly placed In an open doorway or window will quickly case away the files and mosquitoes and doubtless scatter the mischief making microbe. Fitting One. "What kind of a pet has your col lege tutor?" "Naturally, he has a coach dog." Busy men nearly always are happy Easy street's sunny side isn't paved men. with good Intentions. , , ' ' " n .".Ivw , , ., M " -JmML, y 1 is a notorious;knocker of ill-health! TRYlT. It contains the vital mineral elements and all the nutriment, of wheat and. barleyi