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Jackson, - Janaaiy 1,1860. E. BABXSSALB, Editor Proprietor. run tm , v We ara aathoriied to announce B. C-Kf as a candidal for re-el oion to the o ot Mayor. Election first JJosdey in We ere authorised to enoounoe i E. P. RUSSELL as a candidal Tr JtajTW- erf' . ' A. MORGAN, is a candidal, for Mayor of the City of Jacfcwn. FOR AljPERMAN. We ere authorixad to announce the name of WM M PATrOS,aa a candidate for the office of Alderman. Elowtion first Monday in January . We are authorised to announce H. M. TAYLOR M a eaodSwat for the office of Alderman. Klec ttoB 4rt Monday in January. We are authorized to announce the name of J. 8. ECHOLS, a a candidate for theoffieeof Alder man. Election first Monday in Jannary. yg- C. S. KSAPP it acandidate for A'derman. -a- wji. M.BOYD it a oandidate for Alder- JSO Alderman. W. ROBINSON ia a candidate for STATE CONVESTIOJf. I. mrt authorised to announce the name of J. J. DESSOX, as a candidate for Sergeant-at-Amu, for the Staie Convention on the first Monday in January, 1S61. S3- We are authoriiedto announce the name of ED FaRISH as a candidate for Serjeant-at- Arms of the State Convention. th We art) authoriied to announce the name .r S I POPE, of Holmes conntT. as a candidate far Secrstarv of the State Convention. First Mon day in January, 1S61. 0- DR. A. V. ROWE, of Lexington, is a can diuate for Secretary of the Convention. car We are authorized to announce the nam" .of J. W. CLINGAS as a candidate fur Dooreeer the Stats Convention. Aiivananaa. The Misaksfiiiilan goes to press tm y after the arriTal of half put S o'clock cars r Orleans. Those wishing tnuir aavtriistmenu inserted weald do well twins tbem In before 3 o'cloc: pnblieattoa days. AO EA T FOR THE MISSISSIPPIAN. In a few days. Ma. Hear HisM will Urt on a ceileeting and general business tour, for the office of ten Missiasippian. We bespeak for him, a kind raceotioa at the hands of our friends, and would re spectfully ask those who are indebted to the office to be prepared to pay their reepective does. It is needless to talk about the necessity which compels us to make this call upon our subscribers. They must know that it costs us a large sum to publish our journal, and that our expenditures are all a auk outlay. How, then, can we furnish it to tnem yea upon year, on a credit, and still keep our head above water ? We would also suggest that now is an excellent tie to escribe for the paper. The events which are crowding thick upon us, are important to vary man, woman, and child, in the State; and the Missaaaipj-iaa will carry to iU readers, intelli gence of what is occurring at home and abroad, and such ideas as the editor may think pertinent to the great, living issues as they rise. I: :s proper to mention that we desire to adopt a strictly cash system, and do not wish to put any same upon ear boots, which is not attended with the money, Withdrawal. We are requested to withdraw the name 9f CoL J. M. Bowman from the list of candidates for Alderman. He will be absent from the city daring the greater part of the present year, and therefore, cannot consent to be a candidate for re-election. fT Messrs. C. D. Fontaine, ard H. R. Mil ler, of Pertotoe; and Mr. F. M. Aldridge, of Yallobusha members elect to the State Con vention are at present in this city. Also Mr. J as. Phelan, of the Aberdeen bar. . Fatal Accident. As the Vicksburg train lest this city on Saturday night last, a man unknown in this city fell from the platform and the cars passed over him severing both legs and one arm. He was found about elev en o'clock is a dying condition. It is said he had purchased a ticket for Calhoun Station. We learn from the Brandon H erald that a military organization is on foot in that town "to aid South Carolina, if need be, in her struggle for the maintenace of her rights as an independent sovereignty." Florida for Secession. Telegraphic despatches announce the grati fying tact that four-fifths of the delegates elected to the Florida Convention, are for straight-out secession. A (tin foe the State. The attention of those interested in arming the State is called to the notice of the Adjutant General in our advertising columns this morning. The House Committee Rejects Another Proposition. We learn by authentic sources from Wash ington City that the House Crisis Committee has rejected the proposition of Mr. Rust of Arkansas all the Black Republicans, inclu ding Winter Davis of May land, voting against it The proposition was for the extension of the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific ; slavery South of it be protected while in a territorial condition, but States formed on either side to be admitted into the Union with or without slavery, as the people may deter mine. Rust was a Union-saver, and promised great results from the labors of this Committee. It is said that his mind has experienced a decided change. The Vicksburg Whig makes some singular blunders in publishing the members elect to the State Convention. Thus it persists in stating that Mr. J. W. C. Watson of Marshall (Co-Op.) is elected, when in truth he was de feated, and the entire secession ticket in Mar shall was chosen. Again it classifies Messrs. Alldridge and Barksdale of Yallobusha, Co ope rationists, when it is well known that there an not. two more decided secessionists in the Conrention. The same blunder is perpetrated in reference to the delegation from Tippah. Extra Session of the Alabama Legisla tare. Cor. Moore of Alabama has issued a pro- n calling an extra session of the Le- ure of that State, on the 14th of Jan jary "to provide for such exigencies as may arise under the action of the Convention, or other- ' Art Rbswuatioss. The telegraph has already informed our readers that Maj. Wayne and Lieot. Col. Walker, officers of the U. S. army, and natives of Georgia, hail resigned. The former, who is a graduate of both liar wl and West Point served with credit at Osntreras and Churubusco. and was deemed aud was deemed one of the bravest officers in the army. Lieut CoL Walker is another hero. He fought gallantly at Okeechobee, and lost some blood on the field. He was the first com mandant of the tenth regiment of infantry. Confirmation-. The Baltimore Patriot states tbt it is able to affirm the correctness of (be N. Tl Tribune's announcement that "Mr. Lincoln is opposed to sny concession or compromise." "" X Ccbbest Falsehood. The enemies of the Administration are circulating a report to the effect that defalcations have been detected in the Treasury Department. The allegation if untrie. Xoi a particle of fact exist1; to sustain it Wathington Constitution. m m m r TBLHB01A, Lincoln's right bower in theTTi S. Senate, delivered himself of a speech in that body fe w days since. A correspon- This exposition of eonstitutionsl doctrine front Judge Tromboll derives s special signi ficance from his intimate relations as the friend and adviser of the next President It is an unmistakable sign that Mr. Lincoln has intention or letting the union suae oy a premature acquiescence in the theory of 'Jpeaoestble secession." JJZr rne uonswution 01 r naay announces 1 fbe arrival in Washington City, of Messrs. 'Barnwell, Orr and Adams, Commissioners from South Carolina, to' negotiate with the i federal government touching questions arising under the ordinance of secession adopted by that State. Th sartiini? Events at Clmrleo Harbor. The intelligence of the removal of the Uni ted States troops from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumpter which is supposed to be a more im pregnable position than the former, awakened intense excitement throughout all parts of the country, North as well as South. It was regarded as the first signal of its determina tion by the Federal Government to assume an attitude of hostility towards the State of South Carolina, and the manifestation of a purpose to enforce the laws of a government against an ..nwilline people after their solemn and for mal declaration of separation from said gov ernment. In this light the act was viewed. and throughout the South it has kindled a feeling of indignation which has louncl un mistakable utterance through the press and through voluntary or spontaneous gatherings of the people. The manifestation of an intent to coerce a State into submission to federal decrees, will be the signal lor the union oi the entire South around a common banner, and a summons to Southern patriots to make the last appeal. Georgia and Alabama at once responded by sending aid to the sister sove reign thus threatened, and millions of swords in all parts of the South will be promptly un sheathed in the same cause. The movement intensified the feeling of in dication with the authorities of South Car olina, because it was in direct violation of the pledge of the government It turns out, how ever, that the step was taken by Col. Ander son the officer in charge, without authority. The South Carolina Commissioners at Wash ington, it is well understood, will take this grave proceeding into the general account of matters requiring settlement with the federal government At last intelligence it was a sub ject of anxious deliberation in the Cabinet councils of the President Meantime the South Carolina lorces have taken possession of Fort Moultrie, and we presume will continue to hold it This is as it should be. The forts were erected for the protection of the people of the State within whose limits they stand, and it is proper new that they have reverted to her by her act of secession that they should be manned by those '-ho have enlisted under her flag. The following particulars are taken from our last Charleston exchanges: From the Courier. On Thursday morning it was found that Fort Moultrie was dismantled, its guns all spiked, and several guns ranging towards Fort Sumpter completely dismounted, and their can-iaire-v tee., tarred and mimed, capr. ros ter, U. S. Engineer, who had been in charge of the works on rort Sumpter, was left with a small detail in Fort Moultrie. By command of Gov. Pickens a steamer was chartered to bear a dispatch to Major An derson, at Fort Sumpter. The orders of the Governor were committed to Col. Pettigrew and Major Capers, of the Rirle Regiment, whose return from Fort Sumpter was await ed by thousands. Col. Anderson replied that the transfer had been made without orders from headquarters. Doubtless it was done under apprehensions of an assault upon him at Fort Moultrie, and a consciousness of inability to maintain his po sition. This act was a gross violation of the pledg es which the Government had made to the people of So'ith Carolina. They were justly incensed at this clandestine movement, when, relying upon the assurances of the Govern ment, they had taken no precautions to pro vide against such a contingency. The mili 'tary were ordered out and promptly obeyed the summons. The excitement was much abated in the afternoon when it became posi tively known that Major Anderson had acted upon his own responsibility, and in violation of orders. Fort Moultrie was taken posses sion of by Carolina troops between 8 and 0 o'clock on Thursday evening and the Palmet to Flag hoisted amid the huzzas of the occu pants. At 1- o'clock last night, when our Keporter left the Island, all was quiet and orderly. Sentries were pacing the ramparts, and the hail of 'All well" resounded at regular in tervals from the several posts. The Mercury has a lengthy account of the events above referred to. We can give only a summary . As telegraphed, Maj. Anderson has evacuated Fort Moultrie, (see below.) The South Carolina troops now bo'd that for tification as well as Castle Pinckney. The Mercury says: This transfer of the troops from Fort Moul trie to Fort Sumpter is regarded as an out rageous breach of faith. For there was a distinct understanding with the General Gov ernment, upon the highest authority, that no such transfer would be made, no reinforce ments of cither of the forts attempted, and no transfer of arms or ammunitition. Relying upon these declarations, the authorities of South Carolina had not taken the forts when completely in their power. They have acted with good faith, and expected it in return. Maj. Anderson alleges that the movement was made without orders and upon his own responsibility, and that he was not aware of such an understanding. lie is a gentleman, and we will not impugn his word or his mo tives. But it is due to South Carolina and to good faith, that the act of this officer be repu diated by the Government, and that the troops be removed forthwith from Fort Sumpter. , e e e The Convention and the Popular Vote. In another column we have published a full list of the members elected to the State Con vention, (Tunica county excepted,) which will meet in this city on Monday next, the 7th ins,.., and have classified them according to the most reliable data in our possession. It will be seen that the Straight Out Seces sion party have carried the Convention by an overwhelming majority. In our next issue, we will publish a tabular statement of the popular vote which will show the immensely predominant disunion sentiment in the State. In many of the counties, the secession candi dates were elected without opposition ; and wherever co-operationists have been returned, it was by meagre majorities, and even then, except in one or two cases, the result was at tributable to adventitious causes. Events have matured so rapidly within the last few days, developing the uncompromising spirit and the fell designs of the dominant Black Republican organization, that we will be amazed if there should be even as much difference in the views of members touching the true policy of the State, as this classifica tion would appear to represent y The Action of Col. Anderson and the Administration. The Washington Constitution of Friday confirms the statement that the action of Col Anderson in Charleston harbor, was without the authority of the Administration. It says: We believe that we are perfectly correct in stating that this action on the part of Major Anderson was taken solely on his own respon sibility, and not in consequence of orders from the authorities here. We have also reason to believe that it was not occasioned by any threat of attack or hostile action on the part of the people or military in Charleston, and that there was no reason to anticipate any change in their attitude in relation to tho Fed eral troops. Undsr these circumstances, we must express our regret that Major Anderson should have taken such a step without orders or apparent necessity. Loss of Slaves by the South. According to the Xew "Sork Times, a Re publican paper, which gives as its data the census of 1850, the South lost 1,011 slaves by the operations of the underground railroad that year. The Times expresses the opinion that the number of runaways has increased at least fifty per cent, making the number of 1,500 for a single year, which at an average of $1,000 each, would be worth $1,500,000! The remark of iterator Pugh, that the 8outh had not lost $100,000 worth of slaves, is grossly erroneous. No HorE of a Settlement. The Herald correspondent on the 24th, writes : All horie of compromise through the instru mentality of Congress is at an end. Mr. Crittenden lias given it up. so nas M t'nrwin. No well into'-ned man ot any psrty acquainted with the proceedings in the committees of which these gentlemen were resoectively Chairmen, expects any satisfac tory adjustment of the difficulties between the North and South from our federal legislators, now or herealter. There is no prospect of sny thing better than a dissolution of the existing Union, and s re construction upon well denned and well un derstood principles, or the establishment of two more confederacies by States that are not discordant, socially rr politically. Rejection of Senator Davis" Proposition On the 24th inst, Bon. Jefferson Davis sub mitted to the Senate the subjoined resolution, which was referred to the Crisis Committee of Thirteen. On the 26th inst, at a meeting of the Committee, the resolution was rejected ajx the Black Republicans votisq against it: thus indicating their purpose not only not to make concessions to the South but not to permit the plainest principles of jus tice to be observed towards her in the admin istration of the government. By voting down this resolution, the domi nant sectional majority have declared that property in slaves shall not, under their rule, stand on an equal footing with other descrip tions of property; they have declared that it rntiy be "sulject to be divested or impaired by the local laws of" non-slaveholding States when it escapes thereto, or on the "tiaiisit or sojourn of the owner therein;" and they have declared tliat property in slaves may Le de stroyed "by legislative acts of the United States and of the Territories." These propositions h&.ve been virtually af firmed by the Black Republican Senators in the rejection of the propositions contained in the resolutions of Senator Davis. In view of this action, it is left. for the calm and reflecting men of the South to say if it is possible for the existing federal government to be perpetuated upou just principles, under the rule of the Black Republican part-. The question involved is plain and simple. It is whether the South will continue to acknowl edge allegiance to a government which dis tinctly affirms not only her inequality, but the right to discriminate against her in the performance of the functions which appertain to it We are gratified that Mr. Davis has made the issue in terms so clear and explicit that ro cause exists for the shade of a doubt touching the aim of the ' Abolition majority and the principles by which the conduct of the government under their control will be guided. Every sensible man must now see that the path of safety for the South is the shortest cut out of the Union before the inau guration of Lincoln: Mr. Davis, on the 24th, submitted the fol lowing resolution, which was referred to the Select Committee of Thirteen on tha present condition of the country, and ordered to be printed: Resolved, That it shall be declared, by amendment of the Constitution, that property in slaves, recognized as such by the local law of any of the States of the Union, shall stand on the same footing in all constitutional and federal relations as any other species ol prop erty so recognized ; and, like other property, shall not be subject to be divested or impair ed by the local law of any other State, either in escape thereto or of transit or sojourn of the owner therein ; and in no case whatever shall such property be subject to be divested or impaired by any legislative act of the Uni ted Slates, or of any of the Territories thereof. Coercion or Conciliation. The Republican journals (says the Herald) of the North are daily becoming more and more bitter in the tone of their belligerent manifestos, and in their vituperative advocacy of the extremest measures, to reduce the slave States to submission to the doctrines laid down in the Chicago platform. Appeal to the inexorable logic of grooved cannon, Sharpe's rifles and the bayonet takes the place of reflection and argument now, just as rant, abuse, calumny and diatribe did that of truth and facts while they were arousing their read ers to that pitch of anti-slavery excitement which has produced the present crisis. They demand that Mr. Lincoln shall inaugurate his administration with blockades, bombardments and invasion, and flippantly and impudently as though the welfare of the country could be promoted by conformity to such diabolical fancies. They decree that the South shall be "put down." as glibly as if fifteen States were a vagrant to be arrested by the first police man. With quasi authorative language, they pretend to foreshadow the policy of the in coming administration, as substituting the blood red flag of civil war for the stars and stripes which float over the Capitol, and confi dently predict that the "irrepressible conflict" will be carried out with a ruthless barbarity which John Brown h'mself would have hesi tated to sanction. Let the people of the South profit by these manifestations of the spirit of the Black Repub lican party. Lincoln Adheres to the Chicago Plat form. The following is the latest and most authen tative utterance from the Black Republican President elect It is published double-leaded in the N. Y. Tribune of Saturday ; and leaves no room even for conjecture as to his purposes and the policy prescribed for his administration We are enabled to state, in the most positive terms, that Mr. Lincoln is utterly opposed to any concession or compromise that shall yield one iota of the position occupied by the Re publican party on the subject of slavery in the Territories, and that he stands now, as he stood in May last, when he accepted the nom ination for the Presidency, square upon the Chicao Platform. 07 Has our correspondent ever heard of a Mississippian being mobbed, insulted, or ob structed, in the pursuit of his lawful business in any Northern State ? Cin. Commercial. This question is propounded by the Com mercial to a Mississippi correspondent It can easily be answered affirmatively by citing the transaction'in the State of Minnesota, last summer, when several slaves were decoyed from their Mississippi owners by abolition marauders. In one instance a slave was re scued from the plunderers by a party of Mis sissippians, for whose persons a large reward is now offered by the Black Republican Gov ernor of that State. One of these persons is a citizen of this town and a former Attorney General of the State. Nor has it been long since one of our U. S. Senators was robbed of his slave while return ing from the performance of his official duties at the federal capital. The correspondent might remind the Commercial that this out rage was perpetrated in the city in which that paper is published the city of Cincinnati. Sonth Carolina Address to the Slave holding States. The address of South Carolina setting forth the causes which have led to the seces sion of that .State, as reported by the com mittee appointed for that purpose, recites the circumstances which led to the separation ot the American colonies from Great Britain, on the ground that the British Government had in the colonies become subversive of the ends for which government is established, sets forth the assent of South Carolina, May 23, 1788, to the Constitution of the United States, which is claimed to be a compact, of which the ob ligation ceases with the failure of one of the contracting parties to observe it ; and declares the enactment of laws in a number of the Northern States, to nullify or render useless the laws for the rendition to the South of her fugitive slaves, such a breach of constitutional obligations as releases the South from the constitutional compact Arkansas. We will publish in our next, the letter of Col. Geo. R. Fall to the Governor , stating the results of his mission to Arkansas. Col F. was received with proper distinction by the Legislature or that State, as the accredited representative of a sister Commonwealth, and that body by an almost unanimous vote pass ed a bill calling a Convention of the people. Another Defalcation. The Washington States of the 24th says : As we go to press, the city is all alive with the unpleasant rumor that a defalcation has been discovered in one of the executive departments said to exceed in amount that of the interior department just come to light. We have no time to trace the particulars. (gjr Seventy five Congressmen frtm the border States held caucus in Washington on the 29th. We hare not the result of their deliberations. Outgivings of to Blaek Eepablican President Elect. It may now be regarded as a settled fact that it is the present purpose of Lincoln and his myrmadons to try the argument of force against the South, if she elect to exercise her sovereign rie-ht of withdrawing from the I n- :r.-o o ion, now that the compact has been destroyed and the government perverted into an in strument of degradation and enslavement to the slaveholding States. Under the title of "The enforcement of the laws," the Illinois State Journal, published at Springfield, and edited by a nephew of Lin coln, sends forth an article of peculiar signifi- Tl belies the whole history of the Black Republican party, by saying "it wants no legislation that does r.ot square with the Constitution, but insists that the Constitution must be respected and the laws enforced " It publishes the oath taken by the President of the United States upon his inauguration, and says Mr. Lincoln "will not try to evade the performance of his duties, however painful, under certain circumstances, these duties may be, by a sophistical construction of the Con stitution. Sworn faunfully to execute the laws, he wii do it." The Journal says fur ther that Mr. Lincoln will enforce the laws in all sections, and "will, doubtless, construe his oatii'of office to mean that it is his duty to enforce all the laws, and not one particular law alone." On the secession question, the Journal says : "The Republican party is, we are satisfied, planted immovably on Jackson's ground. The Democracy ol tne norm cm not wen occupy any other. We think it might as well get abroad among the people that the incoming Ad miniitration will be constitutional, anti-secession and law-enforcing. Pas' the iconl." These intimatiwns, though couveyed in gen eral terms, are not to be misunderstood. They are threats of coercion, which hen attemp ted to be put into practice will be answered by such a blow as Jackson was wont to strike in the illustration of his maxim to "ask nothing but what is right and to submit to nothing that is wrong." Defalcation in the Interior Department. Tho public are already awa-e (says the Washington Constitution) that on the volun teer confession of Godard Bailey, the Indian appeal clerk of the Interior Department, and who was charjed with the custody of the bonds and other securities held iu trust for the Indian tribes, it was discovered late on Sa turday night that some of those bonds to the enormous amouut of $870,000 had been fraud ulently extracted by Ei.dy and given by him to William H Russell, of the firm of Russell, Majors, and Waddell. Yesterday morning Secretary Thompson sent a letter to the Speaker of the House o' Representatives, (of v hich we suhjoin a copy.) acquainting him cf Lie fraud, and asking for a full investigation of the entire matter, with a view to the exposure and punishment of all the guilty parties. In compliance with his request a committee of five was appointed) the members of which immediately w aited on the Secretary at the Interior , Department, to announce their appointment and their pur porse to commence the investigation at an early day. Dl PABTMKNT OF TOE iTEKIOB, dCC. 24, 'SO. Sib: Oa SatunUy uijrlit la-;. 1 w informed, l.y tlic voluntary confession of aa ofiict-r of ili Dc iiartmrat, that St:ite bossds, held i:i tru-t by :hr t'liiu-d States IJovernmettt lor r.-rtaia Iti.l.'in t i-i to the amount of eight wodnd ainl seveuty ilrn saud dollar-, hi J lit-eii aWtractad trout ii- ctsatody and converted to private use. The enormity of this fraud demands a full invest! ration by a committee of Cowgrasjl httoall the facta and cireiniiMtauces wiiish ha ve at lend,-J its perpe tration. To vindicate tny own honor and integrity, and to expose the jruiliy and the derele.-t. ( de.-ire to ap peal, through y.r.t, to she Hoaaessf Representatives, over which you preside, for thfl appasntsjM nt of a committee of thai body, with full power tu tend for persons and papers, mtid report upon the s ibject. I ask this investigation. i,i aider that full justice may he done in the premises. Tain, with laansnt. font, bbedjewt servant, J. THOMPSON, Secretary of ilic In Hon. Warn. Pnaaiagtaa, Speaker of the House of Representati . or. Northern Resistance. The people of Pittsburg, Ta., worked them selves up to a high state of excitement on Sa turday last, on the supposition that orders had been issued from the War 1 lepartinc-nt for the removal of a number of guns from the Alleghany Arsenal to furnish the new forts at Newport, near Galvaston Island, Texas, and Ship Island, near Belize, at the mouth of the Mississippi river. The people threatened to prevent the removal of the guns by force. So resistance to the Governmer ' E f the U nion is not confined to the South. Thr North has nullified its acts whenever it has suited the purpose of its mobs for the last twenty years. P. S. We observe by a later account that a counter meeting opposing resistance to the order of the Government for the removal of the arms, was held at Pittsbi"-gon the 'S'lh. The result was a determination to make no further resistance but to petition the War office for the suspension of the order for their shipment. The following are the numbers and weight of the cannon ordered to be sent away : KOB THE FORT OF SUIT ISL AM), MUSI-SSI Cel. 21 Irt inch Columhiada 15,200 lbs eaca 3iS200 lbs 21) g ' 8,240 4 32 Poander Iron Guns 7 ,2j0 Total 1-1. no 1,000 . 636,000 " FOB THE'FOKT AT OALVESiJN II.IIUIOK, TF.XAS. 23 10 inch Columbiads 15,2'w lbs each 34 ,0ft0 lbs. 4 8 " " ,240 ' " 413..2l " 3 32 Pounder IronOuns 7,260 " " 50,760 " Total Making a total tons in all. ... 8134)70 , or nearh- S of 1,37C,'70 lbs. David Wilmot to go into the Cabinet The Springfield correspondent of the Cin cinnati Commercial, announces the arrival in that place on the 24th inst. cf Hon. David Wilmot, and adds that he has been selected to represent Pennsylvania in the Cabinet. It is evident that the Black Republican President intends to follow the most extreme councils, and to play the Chicago game boldly out. This is manly. It gives tho South a clearly defined issue. In reference to this last sign from Black Republican head-quarters, the Richmond Whig, hitherto among the moder ate of our exchanges, says : If it be true that Mr. Wilmot is to have a place in the cabinet, that fact would Weigh as much as any written declaration by Mr. Lin coln. Mr. Wilmots's name is identified with the policy of excluding slavery from the fede ral territories. To appoint him to a place in the cabinet would be equivalent to a procla mation, by Mr. Lincoln, that he will make the principle of the famous Wilmot roviso the corner-stone of his policy. As it was upon this question that, the Republican party was organized, and as it forms the chief impediment to the adjustment of the slavery controversy, the occurrence will strengthen the apprehen sion that Mr. Lincoln will not recede, anil that there is to be no satisfactory settlement of the matter. Upon the policy embraced in the Wilmot Proviso, the position of Virginia has been already taken, and will be adhered to. Extra Session of the Kentucky Legisla ture, Governor Magoffin has called an extra session of the Kentucky legislature, to meet on the 17th of January, for the purpose of consider ing the present crisis. , i m m m fjr The Washington correspondent of the N. Y. Times, says : Gen. Scott says that Fort Moultrio is not the strongest fortification, but Fort Summer is, and that two hundred men can hold it against all South Carolina, and six hundred men can defy the world. 1 New Orleans Suspensions. We find in our exchanges the following list of houses reported to have suspended, during the present financial crises : Hugh McCall, Aby Catrliinc, Thompson Clark, Archer fc Co., (. U Dalian A Son, A. M. Hopkins, Brendon, Wharthoff t Co.; Woodman fc Beraent, Molouy fc Brother, Fellows t Co., Walter Cox A Co., A. U. Berkie fc Co., J. J. Person A Co., Seruggs, Donegan A Co., G. W. Gregor t Co., John Grace, Stewart, Tuttle 4 Co., Watt & ifoUe, Giffio, Smedes h Co., Patton, Smith A Putnam; Harding, Abby A Morehead; Brand A Londrav, HniiriM A Snencer. B. W. Adams Co., Ogiesl'jy A McConly, R. C. Gumming A Co., Wright A Allen, S O Nelson A Co', Henderson. Terry A Co.: Cole man Britton and Withers; Hughes, BvUested A Co; Holloway and Lousuaie, j n, cuuo a. -u.; amr- nhv Sikes A Co.; Campbell, MoKee A Co.; Cleve land Bros., Bragg A D'Aquin, Grsnuis, Chapman k Co. From the New Orleans Papers. Troops for Charleston. Charleston, Dec. 27 The Governor of South Carolina has been tendered the services of troops from Georgia, Alabama and the In terior, yhich are expected here to-morrow. ( Washington Items. Wasuixgton. Dec. 27 Gen. Scott says that Maj. Anderson, in evacuating Fort Moul trie stratagetically, moved correctly by resor ting to'Foi t Sumpter although without con suiting him. ADJOUBNMEN'T OF CONGBESS. WAhilu.N-GTO.v, Dec. 28 Both Houses ad journed yesterday til! Monday, to enjoy tne closing-testivues ol the nolKlays. KEPKAL OF LIBERTY BILLS. It is how certainly ascertained that a ma jority w the Republican members of Congress are ready to guarantee the repeal of the Per sonal liberty bills of the North, and if this is relused. it will be deemed as evidence suirn. ient that the South is determined to reject every thing in the way of compromise. EDBOTEAK Alj as FOB GEORGIA. At the request of the Secretary of War, Gov. Kj ovvn has obtained a year's absence for Col. Pardee late Coamianiant of West Point, to visit Europe, for the purpose of effecting a purchase ol guns and munitions ol war 101 the Slt.ic of Georgia, Later from California. Ft Ivlabskv, Dei-.. 28 By the arrival of the Overland Pony Express at this point last night, ire have Sau Francisco advices of the loth ist In tlian Francisco no business was being done iii any branch of trade. Mr. Baldwin had resigned his seat in the. Supreme Court of California. A cpmb-nation is being formed to e'ect Mc Dotfettt U. S. Senajgymtid McOorkie as the succei;S)r to rvnator namain. Q KEW LKSCOVEKIES. Xetv discoveries of c ,il have been njade niar'-tne Carson Valley. Extremely pure copper mines have been oppened in Calaveras county. WASHIS-GTON ITEMS. Washington, Dec. 28 The news of the capture of Fort Moultrie and Castle Pinckney reached the Administration while the Cabinet was in session. DEMASD OF THE SOUTH CAROLIXA COMMIS SIONERS. The Commissioner from South Carolina ho1 conference to-dav with Cabinet. They demanded the immediate withdrawal troops from their State, or they will return and per pare for the worst. THE TREASURY LOAN'. The bids for the Treasury loan, already re ceived at the Department, amount to less than two an i a half millions, at an avc-age of 12 per cent, discount. FURTHER FROM CHARLESTON. Charleston, Dec 28, 8 p. m. Captain Hum j,V s is still in possession of the arsenal. Castle Pinckney and Fort Moultrie are held by the Slate troops, under orders from the purpose ;f protecting the Government pro perty. The excitement has somewhat subsi ded. - SENTIMENT OF KOfifH CAROLINA. Raleigh, Dec. 28 Meetings are being hohlen in variou- counties of this State favor ing the Union sentiment, although the hope is well nigh gone. WASHINGTON ITEMS. Washington, Dec. 29. The Cabinet con tinued in session yesterday some six hours, and adjourned till to-day, without arriving at any definite conclusion relative to the affairs of South Carolina. The Senate Committee of Thirteen, after considering the proposigjions of Senators Douglas, Bigler and Rice, were unable to agree upon any recommendation, and their icjKirt is expected early to day. The Hooae Committee of Thirty-three agreed almost unanimously to the proposition ol Mr. Adams, offering an amendment to the Constitution, so as to prohibit the passage, by Congress, of any law interfering with slavery in the States where it now exists. THE COMMISSIONERS AND THE CABINET. It is stated with some show of probability that at the meeting of the Cabinet yesterday the Commissioners from South Carolina re quested the President to inform them wheth er or not Major Anderson occupied Fort Sumpter by his order, or whether he was instructed by the War Department. The President rejiliad in the negative, adding that Major Anderson a'eted'upon his own responsi bility. The Commissioners then asked that Major A. should be remandod to Fort Moultre. There was no conclusion upon this point, when the Cabinet adjourned.. FLORIDA FOR SECESSION. Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 29. Four-fifths of the recently elected delegates are in favor of secession. THE MEMBERS FROM THE BORDER STATES. About seventy-five of the members from the Border States held a caucus yesterday morning, Senator Crittenden, of Kentucky, presiding. A large number of propositions were pre sented by various members, which were re ferred to a committee composed of one from each State represented, to report-if an agreement could be effected at a future meeting. POSTAL AFFAIRS OF SOUTH CAROLINA. Postmaster-General Holt has ordered the Sub-T reasurer of Charleston to remit 35,000 the balance of the Post-office accounts to his Department. If this order is not immediately complied with be will demand the enforcement ol his orders, by the Federal Government. He is also determined to suppress all mail matter to and trom South Carolina, if the mails are interfered with in that locality. Washington, Dec. 29. The Cabinet broke up last night without coming to any conclus ion relative to the disposition of troops at Charleston. The impression prevails here that a conflict is inevitable. In the Cab'net Messrs. Toucey and Holt urged measures of defense, and the others, further evacuation, if necessary. A prominent member of the Cabinet ex presses an opinion thai war is begun. WARLIKE PREPARTIONS. A dispatch has been received from South Carolina, by a member of the Cabinet, saying that troops arc pouring into the State from all directions. PRI'TE CONTRlflcTIONS. Another dispatch says that a small loan is already parceled out among the wealthiest citizens of South Carolina. Startling from Missouri. MONTGOMERY ON A NEW ROUTE. THE ARSENAL AND JEFFERSON BARRACKS IS DANGER. St. Louis, Dec. 29 The Republican of to dav contains an announcement that the Com mandant of the Arsenal here is in receipt of a letter dated Chicago, Illinois Dec. 13, stating that a party of Republicans sympathizers with Montgonery intended to taken by lorce the Arsenal and Jefferson Barracks, and to transfer the movable property thereof to Kan sas. MECHANICS AT F.ORT MOULTRIE DISCHARGED. Baltimore, Dec 29. The special Charles ton correspondent of the Baltimore Sun says, in a telegram of to-day, that the Baltimore carpenter! and brickmasons employed upon Fort Moultrie were discharged by Major An derson tins morning, ur uavmg remsou io bear anus against the State of South Carolina. nOOM FOR SOUTH CAROLINA. MiLLEixiEviLLE, Dec. 29. The troops of the State have been called in to join those of South Carolina. OFFICERS OF THE CUSTOMS AT SOUTH CARO LINACONSIDERATION OF THE MILITARY BILL. Charleston, Dec. 29. Collector Colcock notified the Convention to-day that the offi cers of the customs at Charleston had re nounced the Federal Government, and enter ed into the service of South Carolina. Tho Military bill was under consideration. RIVER INTELLIGENCE. Louisville, Dec. 29. The Ohio river at this point was receding slowly this evening, with eight feet water, in the canal, by the mark. Secession in the Methodist Conference of Alabama. There was .a meeting at Estello Hall in Montgomery on the night of the 18th, of those Clcrsivmen of the Methodist Persuasion favorable to an expression of opinion upon the great political issues now agitating the coun try. It carried every thing with it. Rev. J. B. Cottrcll, Dr. Murrah, Ur. Nealy, Dr. Har mon and others, made addresses. The meet in" was very large, enthusiastic and unani mous or separate State Secession. Mont. Mail. L Indemnity fob Rescued Slaves. Tho pro to amend the Constitution, so as to position , li - kitaa an YrmL-n indemnity for slava compel toe uuy- ? rescued by popular violence, was very proper ly voted down in the Senate committee of thirteen. So says the National Republican, tbe Lin coln organ recently established in Washington City. Members Elected to the Convention j As fares heard from, the following delegates, with their classifications, have been elected to the Mississippi Convent'on, which will meet on the 7th of January : Hinds. W. P. Harris, W. P. Anderson, W. B. .Smart. (Immediate Secession.) Rankin. J..J. Thornton, W. Denson. (Co-Ope ration.) Scott. C. W. Taylor, (Im. S.) Smith. W. Thompson, (do.) Madison. A. P. HtS, (do.) Newton. M. M. Keith, (do.) Neshoba. J. L. "Backstrom, (do.) Lauderdale. Dr. Ramsey, Maj. Semmes, (do.) Copiah. P. S. Catchings, Ben King, (do.) Claiborne. Henry T. Ellett, (do ) Jefferson. J. 8. Johnson, (do.) Warren. T. A. Marshall, W. Brooke, (Co-Op.) Adams. A. K. Farrar, J. Winchester, (do.) Holmes. W. L.Keirn, J. M. Dyer, (Im. S.) Yazoo. Henry Vaughan,. G. B. Wilkinson, (do.) Carroll. A. Booth, J. Z. George, Cdo.) Sunflower. E. P. Joi.es, (do:) Tallahatchie. A. Patterson, (do.) Yallobusha. W. R. Barksdale. F. M. Al dridge, (do.) c-, : Lafayette. L) Q. C. Lamar, T. D. Isom, (do.) t. Lowndes. George R, Clayton, W. S. Bar ry, (do.) Tippah. Joel Berry, Orlando Davis, D. B. Wright, J. L. Davis, (do.) Noxubee, Israel Welsh, (do.) Marshall. J. W. Clapp, Samuel Benton, H. W. Walter, A. M. Clayton, Willis M. Lea, (do.) Pontotoc. H. R. Mil.er, R. W. Flournoy, C. D. Fontaine, J. B. Herring, (do.) Harrison. D. C. Glenn, (do.) Hancoc.i. J. B. Deason, (do.) Jackson. A. E. Leyis, (do.) Amite. D. W. Huist, (co-op.) Attala. J. W. Wood, E. II. Sanders, (Co-Op.) e Winston. W. S. Boiling, John Kennedy, (Im. S.) Monroe. S. J. Gholson, F. M. Rogers, (dC Wilkinson. Alfred Holt, (do.) Tsacjuena. Albert C. Gibson, (do.) Pike. J. M. Nelson, (Jo.) Tishomingo. A. E. Reynol Is, J. A. Blair, J. T. Young, W. W. Bonds, (Co-Op.) Simpson. W. J. Douglas, (Im. S.) Marion. Hamilton Mayson, (do.) Chickasaw. C. B. Baldwin. J. A. Orr, (do.) Oktibbeha. T. L Bookter, (do.) Franklin. D. H. Parker, (Co-Op.) Jasper. O. C. Dease, (Im. S.) Panola. J. B. Fiser, E. A. McGehee, (do.) Kemper. O. Y. Neely, Thos. Wood, (do.) Clark. S. H. Terrell, (do.) DeSoto. J. R. Chalmers, S. D. Johnston, Mr. Lewers, (Im-S.) Lawrence. F. T. Cooper, (do.) Covington. A. C. Powell, (do.) Coahoma. J. L. Alcorn. Bolivar. Miles H. McGehee. Washington. J. S. Yerger, (Co-Op.) Choctiw W. F. Brantley, W. H. Witty, J. H. Edwards, (Im. S.) Wayne. J. W. Eckford, (do.) Calhoun. M. D. S. Stephens, W. A. Sum ner. Jones. J. H. Powell, (Im. S.) Itawamba. R, O. Beene, W. H. Tison, M. C Cummings, (Im. S ) A. B. Bullard, (Co-Op.) Perry. Myers, (do.) (It is proper to mention, that as doubts ex ists whether the members from Warren and Adams were elected in accordance with the form prescribed by law, the Convention will probably refer the matter back to the people.) From the foregoing returns, it will be seen that the State has decided in favor of imme diate secession with remarkable unanimity. The counties yet to here from, will give a ma jority for that side, proportionate tc the above. Postcript. Since the foregoing was put in type we have received the Natchez Free Trade, containing the followinz. Dr. Blackburn and Mr. Mar shall are both for immediate secession : Election of Delegates to the Stute Con vention. Citv of Natchez. Dr. Ed. M. Blackbui a was elected delegate to the State Convention from the city of Natchez yesterday, without opposition He received 117 votes at the Court House and 42 at the Jefferson Hotel precincts. Total 169. County of Adams. We understand that Geo. M. Marshall has also been elected the Delegate from the county of Adams. The full vote is not in. Washington County. Greenville, Miss., Dec. 24, 1860. Ed. Mississippian : The secession ticket, owing to the failure of the Returning Officer to hold an election on Sunflower, at Living ston Box. and the fact that the notice of the election was not given according to the act of the Legislature, as well as the absence of some twenty secession voters, was defeated by six votes. I am satisfied that more than two-thirds of our citizens are decidedly in favor of the secession movement ; and it is to he hoped that Judge Yerger will modify his opinions when he discerns this to be the case. I send the resolutions upon which he plan ted himself, so that the Convention may know his position. In this emergency no man, I presume, will go to the Convention wholly uninstructed ; and it is to be hoped that no time will be lost in unnecessary debate. Yours ever, PHILO. Whereas, The recent action of the North ern portion of this confederacy, in the election of Mr. Lincoln to the presidency, evinces a deep-seated hostility among the inhabitants of that section of the Union to the institution of slavery, it is therefore j i, Besolvi, That immediate action by the , slaveholding States is necessary for the main tenance ol those ngnts accorded us Dy ine pre sent Constitution of the United States, and for the securing of the fullest and most ample guarantees for the protection of the institution of slavery hereafter, and if such cannot be secured for immediate general secession. 2. That such action should be taken through a convention of all or a majority of the slave holding States of this confederacy. 3. That it is unwise and inexpedient for tho State of Mississippi to separately secede without consultation with her sister slave States, that the true course of wisdom is to seek a convention of all the slavehpldiug States of this confederacy and abide by the decision of that convention. Perry County. Augusta, Miss., Dec 24th I860. Mb. Editor : I drop you a lino to state that the representative in the Convention from this county only represents the minori ty. There were two secession candiiates and one submissionist The division of secession votes elected the submissionist by a plurality offive votes. There was only one hundred and filty eight votes polled in tbe county. There are at least two to qne for secession in the county. I am acquainted alt over the country and know the people's sentiments in regard to the matter. Mr. Myers the delegate elect received only 71 votes. . . V Hot so Gloomy, The following is from the Commercial coluine of the N". O. Crescent : The further talk was that we are moving alonsr very well. Cotton is in active demand sugar and molasses are moving briskly; tobac co is wanted at good paying prices ; floor and corn are taken at good prices ; gold is arriv ing daily; the rivers, with one exception, are in good boating order; and, in the meantime, kc uaratc secession is movine onward. In fact with the exception of some of the local branches of business, there are noVcftUScs for complaint this week. Black Republicans in Council A Washington despatch says : Governor Andrew, Senators DoobtUe and Trumbull. Renresentativcs Burlinenme and Tappan, and a number of other Senators and members of Congress, held a conference, yes terday, at the rooms of Francis P. BWr, Sr., and unanimously agreed that the integrity of the Union should be preserved, though it east millions of lives. Miu. WLNSLOW An azpr1ood namtsad female ptajalelaB, baa a Soethiiig Syrup fur children teething which so t roatlr fceultaUttue proeaM of twtMaf by toft ato( the gum reducing all laaamaUoa wttt allay all pln nd iseure to rjulU the bowels. Depeail.upun It mnthers.lt trill fire rest to yourselves, and relief and health to your Infants. ParfaaUy la an easaea. sa I ir.ru-i.nt ta .aoOwr soiaaau Aug s W-wi,. The Charleston Fortifications. Upon a resolution of a Black Republican Senator calling upon the President for infor mation t juching his orders to the officer in command of the Forts at Charleston harbor, Hon. Jeff. Deris spoke as follows : Mr. Davis. Mr. President, it is very diffi cult, in discussing the questions as to the pro priety Ot tasting up a resolution, to t&vuiu to some extent the consideration of its mer its. I think we have wandered somewhat from the question before the Senate that is, the propriety of adopting tho resolution of .iiquiry presented by the Senator from New Hampshire, fMr. Clarl.. Is it proper that we should call on the President to communicate the orders he has given and the correspondence he has had in relation to a ion, anu bspsohw when the circumstances cf that fort are surrounded by such extremely delicate re lations as belong to this ! If it is impro per that we should make so ?h an inquiry, there is no propriety iu tak'.og up the reso lution. I propose then, to show that it is improper that we should make the inquiry. ft will be remembered that under the Con federation, in the infancy c f our Govern ment, Congress had the control of the Aioiy. A large portion of the embarrass ments which surrounded military opera tions, during the war of the Revolution, grow out of that fact : and, taught by ex LriML when our fathers formed a new Government, they transferred the con trol of the Army aud navy to the President, Itutherc, while the President ia conducting thr affairs of a garrison, it s proposed to institute an inquiry to learn what corres pondence he has hud ; what orders he has gi en; what force there is at the place ;und thus to make public the very facts which, above all others, the commander of the Army -nd Navy should have the power to kep secret. If it were an ordinary case, we misrht ullow it to pass, and have the President t exercise his discretion as to his answer. But. it is un extraordinary case. We know .'as the Seuator from Vir ginia har said, that it must inflame the pub lic, inin'' to ueitute the questions. If tho President is derelict in his duty in any re spect, he is amenable; but it is in tho other House, not in this, be should be arraigned. If tlin President is supposed to be perform-ino- its duty iu tho manner which best cou duces t "the peace of the country, we should but embarrass him in his operations by interjecting such an inquiry as is pro posed. Whatever the garrison may be and I believe tho whole country hus full oppor tunity to know w hat it is the fact is well known that the President has not the pow er to increase it; that he could not send u company there without the fact being ki'own before the company arrived. This would certainly precipitate action, as it would convey a threat, attended by pre parations to execute it, uud naturally result in bringing about the very collision which every mun who loves the pence of his coun try is now endeavoring to avert. If tho .hiprt he to remove the trarrison, that is a nui'stion the decision of which I think pro norls rosts with the Executive, and of which he is a better judge than we can be .veu if he should present I . us the full re cord of his correspond i c und his orders. If, moreover, .. fTi veu such orders to the commander ol : iiat garrison, as being published, would become the subject of animadversion, perhapsof misconstruction, our inquiry might result in an irreparable injury to the public peace uud future hope of those who look lorwaru lo an amicuuie solution of exist' ig difficulties. In every view of the case which presents itself to my mind, it is utterly improper that we should, under the existing circum stances of the cuje, institute such an inqui ry as this. It seems to me that gentlemen who have arcucd on the other side through out the whole debute -I do not mean this moriiintr alone have constantly proceeded on the supposition that the States belong to the Government, and that the Army is held by the General Government, as one of its purposes at least, to control the States. Surely such was not the intention of those who framed the Government. When the States divested themselves of the nower to maintain an army and a navy und E-uve it to the General Government, it was that they might be concentrated for the purpose of common defense; and if a case wero to arise in which the Federal troops wci u to be employed against a State it would be a case of such palpable viola tion of the spirit of the Constitution, and the purpose of its grants, as would not only justify that State, in repelling such ag gression, to resort to any remedy within its power, but would claim for its measures of resistance tho co-operation of all true supporters of the Constitution. In the formation of the Constitution it was not overlooked that a State might re quire to exercise the military power which had been delegated to the Federal Govern ment. It was in direct contemplation that it might be resumed ; aud therefore we find in the tenth section of tbe first article of the Constitution, in the second and third clauses, provision made for exactly such a case as would arise where the danger of a State could net be satisfactorily provided for by the Generul Government. Senators here this morning spoke of this case as if the garrison of Fort Moultrie wusin hostile attitude to the city of Charleston ; if so, it should be removed; the sito was given, as the Army is maintained, for defense; who will or can reverse the purpose .' The States, when forming a more perfect Union, agreed that they would not, "without the consent of Congress," "keep troops or ships of wur in time of peace." What did that mean? Did it meun to divest tho States entirely of military power? Did it mean to say that the States should never exercise any military functions? If so, why did this clause of the Constitution contain the words, "without tbe consent of Congress ?" Is not tl' conclusion irre sistible that it was foreseen that it might be necessary and proper for a State to re sume this power, and for Congress to give it its consent to that change of relation ? If there is anything more remarkable than all others in this instrument, it is the exactness, the accuracy, uud the appro priateness of every expression which the Constitution contains, they meant to express something distinct in every sen tence which was incorporated into the solemn compact, by which sovereign func tions were to be delegated to the General Government of the States. These men, fresh from the struggles which they had made as independent States, when they inserted a clause like this, certainly looked to its exercise: and if a cuse should arise, or has arisen, in which a State looks upou tho Federal Government as its enemy, when the troops of the United States are viewed as hostile for' cs. and dread is tVlt lest the power of the United States should be used to subvert the liberties of the State, tbe time has come when Congress should withdraw its forces, and consent that the State should keep troops aud ships of war in time ot peace, and it need be, enter into an agrac611 or compact with Other States, aR of which they may, with the pouspnt of Congress, do under the Cop- stitution; and Hf actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay," a State may, without tho con- scut of Congress, engage in war; this being a reserved ritrht, and the State the sole judge of tho fucts which justify its exercise. , There is a passage in the second clause of this tenth section which seems to look j to another condition of things. The States j having delegated the power to maintain j an armv and navv.und divested themselves ! of the riirht to maintain ships of war and j troops in time of peace, and provided that "no State shall, without tho consent of Congress, lay any imposts or duties ou imports or exports, exeept what may be absolutely ncpessnry for executing its inspection laws," This, tak?n n con nection with the other prohibition, sug gests a condition of things in which Congress might give its assent to a State to lay duties upon imports and exports iu order thut it might provide tho revenue to maintain tho exercise of thut power contained in the third cluusc; which is, with the consent of Congress, to keep troops und ships-of-wur in times of peace. It seems to be a provision exuetly adapted if not intended, to give security to a State when distrustful of tho General Govern ment, and to provide the means of defense Vithiu the Union, which, as a separate Statu out of tho fjnion, she would possess to renel by furoo this iiiyusioji pf h'T rights and the disturbance of her domestic tran quility. I trust there is to be bo coillisiou. I trust that those troops are but to perform the ordinary, and, so far as our own coun tr'v is involved, tho peaceable function of holding that fort until transferred to other duty; but if there be danger, permit me here to say it is because there are troops in it, not because Uie garrison is too weak. Who hears of any danger of the seizure of forts where thoro is do garrison ? There stands Forts Pulaski and Jacksou, at tne mouth of tho Savannah river. Who hears of any apprehension lost Georgia should seize them. There uro Cstlo Pinckney and Fort Sumpter, in Charleston harbor. Who hears of any danger of seizure there The whole danger, then, Mr. President, (and it stands palpably on the face of tho transaction. ) arises trom tne presence oi the United States troops. Is the remedy, - . t, then, to increase the garrison it is tm- practicable to do it, if that were the reme dy; and if it were practicable, 1 hold it would only increase the danger. It would only be multiplying the chances of collision. , I think, altogether, it is much better we should not make the inquiry; but leave the Army, without our intervention, to he commnnded by the President, as provided in the V8titution: and. when events have transpire"!, if then we choose to know what the Executive has done, not to cmbarra-s him in the performance of his duty, but to sit in judgment on his conduct, it may he proper for us to call, as well tot the corres pondence as the orders given in the case; I think not till then. The Harbor Defenees of Charleston. rl.AN OF FORT MOULTRIE. Thctollowing is a rough diagram of the line of fortifications: A. Cite. B. New abutment commanding the ap proach to the gate. C. C. Old sally-ports, now closed up with masonry. D. Portion of the moat already finished. E. E. Kewly erected bastionettes, coin manding the moat. F. Furnace for preparing hot shot G. Powder magazine. This is an enclosed water battery, bavins a front on the South, or water side, of about 300 feet, and a depth of aliout 240 feet. It i built with twiwjnt ms! a-saBag an&ics on an sides, and is admirably adapted for defense, either from the attack of a storming party, or by regular approaches. i he outer and inner walls areol brick, capped w ith stone, ana una in with earth, making a solid wall 15 or 10 feet in thickness. According to the Mercury, 170 men were at work previous to its, abandonment Dy the government troops in making improve ments at this tort ; ditching it around the en tire circumference, and erecting a glacis; clos ing up the postern gates in the east and w?st walls, and instead, cutting sally ports, which lead into strong out-works on the south-east d south-west angles, in which twelve poun der howitzer guns will lie placed, enabling toe garrison to sweep the ditch on tone sides with grape and canister, ine norm-west angle ol tne ion nas aiso ueen sirengineneu ui a bastionctte, to sustain the weight of a heavy gun which will command the main street of the Island. The main entrance has also been better secured, and a trap-door two feet square cut in the door for ingress and egress. At this time, tbe height of the wall, from the bottom ol the ditch to the top of the parapet is 20 feet. The ditch is from 12 to 15 feet wide at the base and 15 feet deep. The purpose of the glacis, which is an in clined plane, is to expose an attacking party to the tire of the guns, which are so placed as to sweep it from tbe crest of the counterscarp to the edce of the beach. On the north side, all the wooden gun cases have been placed i close together on the ramparts, apparently lor the purpose of securing it against an escalade, but possibly as a screen for a battery of heavy guns. Field pieces have been placed in posi tion upon the green within the fort anJ none of the expedients of military engineering MM been neglected to make the position as strong as possible. It is said that the greatest vigi lance is observed in every regulation at this time, and that the guns arc regularly shotted every night Major Robert Anderson, of Kentucky, who is in command of the fort, received his first commission as brevet second lieutenant, 2d ar tillery, July 1, 1825, was acting, inspector general in the Black Hawk war, and received the rank of brevet captain August, 18.')8; for his successful conduct in the Florida war. On Sept 8, 1847, he was made brevet major for his gallant and meritorious conduct in the battle.of Molino del Bay. His force consists of two companies of artillery. The companies, however, are not full, the two comprising, as vt s are informed, only about Seventy men, in cluding the band. fort scum. This is a work of solid masonry, octagonal in form, pierced on the north, east and west sides with a double row of port holes for the heaviest guns, and on the south, or land, in addition ta -openinM fur un. luop-holed (or musketry, stands in the middle of the harbor, on the edge of the ship channel, and is said to be bomb-proof. It is at present without any garrison. There is a large force of workmen some one hundred and fifty in all busily employed in mounting the gunsand otherwise putting this great strategetic point in order. The armament of Fort Sumter consists ol 140 guns, many of them being the formidable ten inch "Columbiads, which throw either shot or shell, and which have a fearful range. Only a few of these are yet in position, and the work of mounting pieces of this calibre in the casemates is necessarily a slow one. There is also a large amount of artillery stores, con sisting of about 40,000 pounds of powder, and a proportionate quautitv cf shot and shell. The workmen engaged here sleep in the fort every night, owing to the want of any regular communication with the city. The wharf or landing is on the south s:de, and is, of course, exposed to a cross-tire from all the openings on that side. cA.viLi; K.iCKKO Is located on the southern extremity of a narrow slip of marsh land, which extends in a northerly direction to Hog Island channel. To the harbor side the so-called castle presents a circular front. It has never been consider ed of much consequence as a fortress, although its proximity to tho city would give it import ance, if properly armed and garrisoned. From hasty observation we find that there are about fifteen guns mounted on the parapet ; the ma jority of them are eighteen and twenty-four pounders. Some "Columbiads" are, however, within the walls. There are also supplies of powder, shot and shell. At present there is no garrison at the post ; the only residents are one or two watchmen, who have charge of the harbor light. Home ilO or 40 day laborers are employed repairing the cisterns" and put ting the place generally in order. The reader will bear in mind that this description of the fortifications was written at least two weeks ago, and that subsequent events have materially changed the order of things in reference to garrisoning and occupa tion of these forts and the possession of the Arsenal in the city. Fium tile SoutJt Carolinian, Dec. 13. The Collection of the Revenue in South Carolina. It remains to bo seen whether the Federal ; Government will attempt coercive measures. ! V does, before one month passes there will ' he war. South Carolina will do all in her ! power to avoid a collision, anu if no attempt , be used to exact unlawful tribute of her, then I We are disposed to think the question of the possession of the forts can be settled by com- : missioners. iut she will not permit either tho blood or the treasure of her citizens to lie drawn by a foreign government Mr. liueh anan acknowledges the right of a people to alter and abolish their forms of government; also that their own peace and happiness are the only touchstones to which the permanen cy of government must be applied. The peo ple of the sovereign States of North Carolina, boutu Carolina, or ueorgia, in deciding upon the continuance of any government which rules over them, are not to consult the wishes of Massachusetts, Vermont, or New Hamp shire; if so, then they possess neither State sovereignty nop independence. IJut if they posses thp right, either through the Constitu tion or through the Declaration of Independ ence, or the bill of rights of the people of the Several States, to change their government, then it is an absurdity to say that they can change it, but must yet pay tribute to the old government, in which they claim no participa tion by representation. Taxation and repre sentation must go together, and when, by se cession or tno lunuainenui ngni to eitange government which lays at the foundation of the entire American system, representation is withdrawn, taxation must cease. Tho Con stitution gives no power to the Federal Gov ernment to resist the withdrawal of represen tation by a Stata, and it could never havo in tended to enforce taxation without represen tation. Concert. The Miller brothers, at tho soli citations of many citizens, have announced Saturday evening next as the most conveniei t time to give a Concert in this city. The general favor with which they have been received at other places, leaves no doubt of the superior musical talent of these gentle men. Population of tub Uhited Statks. It is ascertained from the result of tbe recent census that the population of the United States amounts to about 3 1,000,000 ; making 133,000 the basis of representation. This is an inter esting item to the future historian. From tlie Southern Quarditth. The Bight of Secession. William Rawle, of Pennsylvania, published, in 1825, a work upon the Constitution of the United States. It was an able exposition, and acquired a deservedly high refutation. Commenting, at page 289, upon the clause which requires that tbe United States shall guaranty to every State a Republican form of government, he says: "If a taction should attempt to subvert the government of a State for the purpose of destroying its Republican form, the paternal power of the Union could be called forth to subdue it. Yet it is not to be understood that its inter position would be justifiable, if the people of a State should determine to retire from the Union, whether they adopted another, or re tained the same form of government; or, if they should, with the) express intention of ac ceding, expunge the representative system from their code, and thereby incapacitate them selves liom concurring according to tbe mode now prescribed, in the choice of certain public officers of the United States. The principle of representation, although certainly the wisest and best, is not essential to the being of a Republic; but to continue a member of the Union it must be pieaerved, and therefore the guarantee must 1 so con strued. It depends on the State itself to re tain or abolish the principle of representation, because it depends on itself whether it will continue a member of the Union. Again, at page 295, the secession of a State from the Union depends on the will of the people of such State. The p.-oplc alone hold the power to alter their Constitution. The Constitution of the United States is, to a cer tain extent, incorporated into the constitutions of the several States by the ct of the people. The State legislatures liave only to perlorm certairrorganical operations in respect to it. To withdraw from the Union a me not with in the general scope of their delegated author ity. Page 290. But in any manner by which a secession is to take place, the act should be deliberate, clear, and unequivocal. The perspicuity and solemnity of the a sM obligation require correspondent qualities im its dissolution The wer of the General iwrmmmt nan not be defeated or miimrcd 1 an ambiguous oi implied seccs.on oi the part of the State, although a see.'M.uu may perhaps be conditional. The people of tbe State may have tme reasons to complain in respect to the acts of the General Government; they may in such cases invest some of their own ofli:em with the power of negotiation, and may declare an absolute secession in the event of their failure. Still, tne secession must, in eucn case, be distinctly and peremptorily declared to take i.l.i.... mi that event : all d in such case, (as in the case of r - . . . . an unconditional scwnj .... i 1 iL. previous ligament with the Uni leiritiinately and fairly AttfO ion would he ed. Bui, in cither case, power. P. ! the people is the only movm !)7. In no part ol the Lomuuu- tion is a specific number ot States required for a legislative act. It was foreseen that there would be a national tendency to increast the number of States with the anticipated in crease of population. It was also known, though it was not avowed, that a S ate might withdraw itself. The number would, there fore, be variable. The whole of the a 1st chapter, from whKh these extracts ase taken, is highly interesting, and will reward perusual. D. 4a 1 From the Contiitution. An Empty Delusion. It is commonly asserted by those who eith er wish to lull themselves and their friends intoa false security, or who de-iio wilfully to conceal the truth, that the South having a majority in the Senate, she need not fear any injury from Lincoln's election. Aside from the absurd fallacy of supposing that a majority in the Senate, did it exist, could be sufficient shield to the South against all the dangers and calamities to which Black Republicanism exposes her, it is obvious to everyboly who examines the facts that no such majority exists and that alter the fourth of next March, the South, even should we, for the sake of the argument suppose that every Southern State remains in the Union, has not a certain majority in the Senate. The Senate is now composed of GG members. In the next Congress, hy the admission of Kansas, that number will almost certainly be increased to 68. Of these the fifteen Southern States, even if none should secede and South Carolina should send back her Senators, have thirty members. Add Mr. Bright of Indiana. Mr. Thompson of New Jersey, Mr. Rice of Min nessota and Mr. Latham of California, Demo cratic Senators from Northern States, and we find thirty-four to be the numlier of th M on whom the South could rely to shield her from legislative wrong and injury. If we add Sena tor Douglas, or Illinois, und have th- charity to hope that he will act firmly with the party of which, in days of yore, he was so brilliant an ornament, we should find thiry-five friends of the South against thirty-faur of her enc mie, thus giving Mr Douglas the casting vote. Thus will the Senate be constituted in the Thirty seventh Congress, which expire' on the 4th of March 186:1. How will it be in the Thirty-eighth Congress ? Is there no reason to fear that black-republiranisin will fill the places of Messrs. Bright, Thompson, Rice and I .album ? Is it not almost certain that, with the exception, perhaps, of Mr. Thompson, whose State, alone of the free States, has par tially stemmed the tide of abolition fnnnticism, all the seats now occupied by democratic Senators Irom the North, will I filled by black-republicans, and that Messrs. Bright, Rice, and I-atham will share the fstc of Messrs. Bigler, Fitch, and Fugh ? Where, then, is the fancied majority of friends of the South in the Senate? When a black republican fhall preside in the Executive mansion, hen black republicans shall have clambered to the lnch of the Supreme Court when all the civil and military offices in the gift of the Executive are filled with men of the same sable faith, are we to expect that the Northern States which now exist and those which will Roon spring into existence from the swelling tide of popula tion ceaselessly flowing westward, where the rampant fanaticism of black-republican hatred of the South now exercises uncontrolled away and irresponsible power, will send Senators Congress animated by love for the South sod her institution V Before Judge Sharkey, of Mississippi, at tempted to persuade his fellow citizens of Vicksburg that the "majority of friends of tho South in the Senate" had the power to block tho wheels of Mr. Lincoln's administration, refuse appropriations, and defeat all objection able Executive appointments, he would have done well to have examined the cmi-osition of the next Senate. Had he done so, we sup pose that ho would not have in lulled in the strain of false hope and dahaalvt promise which marked his harangue, and ma le it ob noxious to the severe criticism which it has received, Collection of the Revenues. The question is made in our commercial circles, how shall a South Carolina ship carry on commerce with foreign nations, alter Iba Slate has seceded from the Union. Wo take it for granted that the General Government, after the secession of South Car olina liom the Union, willnotatteir.pt, by military force, to stop vessels going out or coining into our harhor. If surh an atlrmi t it made, it will be war ; and, of course, the qi.e tion who are tho masters of South Carolina? must be settled before any consideration of our commercial operations can bo propeily entertained. Suppose our harbors lo be unol slructed what is the condition of our commercial rela tions with other powers ? We will not hesi tate to receive tbe ships of all other nati n- in our port, free of duties, if such shall be the will of our legislature, or with such duties as tho State shall require. On tho other hand, all vessels of other nations will 1 free to depart from our ports Nden with our agri cultural productions. The only difficulty as to the shipping owned by South i amiinians. It is not Urge enough to affect the commerce of Charleston seriously, still it is entitled to consideration and protection. Nor will the difficulties, if any, be long only until a South em Confederacy is formed. As there will be no Collector of the United States, with tho abolition of the United States Custom House, and the State will appoint its own Collector, why will not the manifest by the captain of a vessel, made beloreour Collec tor, and the clearance he shall receive, suffice in foreign ports? Charleston Mercury. fjr We learn from tho Louisville Courier that the Hon. W. S. Featherston.Commissioncr from Mississippi to Kentucky, arrived ia Frankfoit on the 80th inst- Tiia flasAT Piacovaar or ran Aoa Prof. 0. J. Wood In the itlsc.iv.-rj of hie unrivalled Balr BestoraUve has nferred upon mankind a lasting beneSc No such aov -rrL;n remedy for all diseases or the balr has evar baen discovered. Never known to fall of ecoomi Ikntti : all that Is clamed Kir It, thousands now dally use It with In finite advantage to themselves. Every day the rt.irW tors receive letters unifying to Its mer U, end muni ra- . ling the benefit resnlung from Its us To those wb. are In that way afltcted. wo can torn- uiend tbe Hair Reatora'lvo al a safi, a id relUM. re-aty See tbe sdverlbMinent 1 1 another column, where'n wll batons t testimonials from namtrous well known firaa and ln.l'v.t'va. Oct IS 60. w A s-w ana, SaaforJ's Livat Invimrator aal Catbartl Pilis a vrj valuable madiaio. Heat ia. aiirar UB.uien ia tar paper. marahM 'ow lj. Blood Food I Bio oodl 6avrtiM tuant in another aula ma.